Canidae | Canines

Canidae, or canines, are vertebrate dog-like creatures with long muzzles, upright ears, sharp teeth, long legs, and bushy tails. The Canidae family includes foxes, wolves, jackals, and domestic dogs. Canines are one of the earliest domesticated species, being the family that the domestic, and beloved, dog hails from. Canidae are native to every continent, except Australia and Antarctica, and are absent on most oceanic islands. Canines are naturally carnivores, but some have been known to feed on carrion or plant matter. Canidae have a history of being hunted and trapped for their pelts, and many are still hunted today to protect livestock or control populations.

Why do canines howl?

The reason why canines howl varies on their species. Wolves howl to communicate with other wolves to claim their territory, warn others to stay away, find pack members while they are apart, and maintain relationships within their pack. Jackals howl to guard off intruders or to maintain contact with family members. Dogs howl to seek attention from their owners.

How many teeth do canines have?

Canines typically have 42 teeth including incisors, and fang-shaped teeth that are called canines. These teeth are used to kill prey. Their premolar teeth are narrow and sharp, while their molar teeth have broad surfaces to allow them to bite down on hard materials.

What is the difference between a dog and a wolf?

Although dogs and wolves are related to one another, there are various differences between them. Dogs were considered to be a different species until recently. Scientists now believe dogs are a sub-species of wolves. Dogs and wolves differ in their appearance (eye color, head size, coats and jaws), behaviors, domestication, and vocal noises.

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Canidae | Canines

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Akita
226000
31”-36.5” | 79-93 cm
36.5”-43.5” | 93-110 cm
70-130 lb | 31.8-59 kg
10-13 years
Akita
93.000
110.000
59.000
13.00
226000
3D
Akita
29.5"-34.5" | 75-88 cm
35"-41.5" | 89-105 cm
75-85 lb | 34-39 kg
10-15 years
Alaskan Malamute
88.000
105.000
39.000
15.00
177000
3D
Alaskan Malamute
28”-35” | 71-89 cm
32”-40” | 81-102 cm
40-65 lb | 18-29 kg
10-12 years
American English Coonhound
89.000
102.000
29.000
12.00
6400
3D
American English Coonhound
17”-22” | 43-56 cm
18”-23” | 46-58 cm
7-16 lb | 3-7 kg
12-16 years
American Hairless Terrier
56.000
58.000
7.000
16.00
8100
3D
American Hairless Terrier
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
25-45 lb | 11-20 kg
10-15 years
American Water Spaniel
61.000
61.000
20.000
15.00
8800
3D
American Water Spaniel
24”-28" | 61-71 cm
32”-38” | 81-97 cm
45-70 lb | 20-32 kg
11-15 years
Appenzeller Sennenhund
71.000
97.000
32.000
15.00
6000
3D
Appenzeller Sennenhund
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
18”-24” | 46-61 cm
7-17 lb | 3-7.7 kg
3-6 years (wild); up to 14-16 years (captivity)
Arctic Fox
30.000
61.000
7.700
16.00
114000
3D
Arctic Fox
25”-31” | 64-79 cm
38”-68” | 97-173 cm
70-155 lb | 32-70 kg
7-10 years (wild); up to 18 years (captivity)
Arctic Wolf
79.000
173.000
70.000
18.00
28000
3D
Arctic Wolf
21”-25” | 53-64 cm
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
31-35 lb | 14-16 kg
13-15 years
Australian Cattle Dog
64.000
84.000
16.000
15.00
136000
3D
Australian Cattle Dog
20”-25” | 51-64 cm
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
30-50 lb | 14-23 kg
10-14 years
Australian Kelpie
64.000
84.000
23.000
14.00
58000
3D
Australian Kelpie
25”-32” | 64-81 cm
28”-36” | 71-91 cm
35-70 lb | 16-32 kg
13-15 years
Australian Shepherd
81.000
91.000
32.000
15.00
436000
3D
Australian Shepherd
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
24”-29” | 61-74 cm
35-50 lb | 16-23 kg
12-15 years
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
64.000
74.000
23.000
15.00
5200
3D
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
30”-37” | 76-94 cm
28”-35” | 71-89 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
10-15 years
Azawakh
94.000
89.000
25.000
15.00
7600
3D
Azawakh
Basenji
120000
19”-20” | 48-51 cm
23”-25” | 58-64 cm
20-26 lb | 9.1-11.8 kg
13-14 years
Basenji
51.000
64.000
11.800
14.00
120000
3D
Basenji
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
23”-28” | 58-71 cm
25-40 lb | 11-18 kg
11-15 years
Basset Fauve de Bretagne
56.000
71.000
18.000
15.00
2400
3D
Basset Fauve de Bretagne
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
26”-35” | 66-89 cm
44-64 lb | 20-29 kg
10-12 years
Basset Hound
53.000
89.000
29.000
12.00
128000
3D
Basset Hound
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
18”-26” | 46-66 cm
7-12 lb | 3-5 kg
5-7 years (wild); up to 12-16 years (captivity)
Bat-Eared Fox
38.000
66.000
5.000
16.00
12300
3D
Bat-Eared Fox
23”-28” | 61-71 cm
28”-34” | 71-86 cm
45-60 lb | 20-27 kg
10-14 years
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
71.000
86.000
27.000
14.00
150
3D
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Beagle
245000
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
20”-25” | 51-64 cm
20-24 lb | 9-11 kg
12-15 years
Beagle
56.000
64.000
11.000
15.00
245000
3D
Beagle
28.5”-33” | 72-84 cm
34”-40” | 86-102 cm
40-80 lb | 18.1-36.3 kg
14-16 years
Belgian Malinois
84.000
102.000
36.300
16.00
215000
3D
Belgian Malinois
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
33”-39” | 84-99 cm
50-70 lb | 23-32 kg
12-15 years
Berger Picard
84.000
99.000
32.000
15.00
10000
3D
Berger Picard
30"-36" | 76-91 cm
35"-41.5" | 89-105 cm
70-115 lb | 32-52 kg
7-10 years
Bernese Mountain Dog
91.000
105.000
52.000
10.00
224000
3D
Bernese Mountain Dog
13”-16” | 33-41 cm
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
12-18 lb | 5.4-8.2 kg
14-15 years
Bichon Frise
41.000
56.000
8.200
15.00
154000
3D
Bichon Frise
10”-15” | 25-38 cm
11”-17” | 28-43 cm
4-8 lb | 2-4 kg
12-16 years
Biewer Terrier
38.000
43.000
4.000
16.00
14000
3D
Biewer Terrier
24”-27” | 61-69 cm
31”-36” | 79-91 cm
35-60 lb | 16-27 kg
9-14 years
Bohemian Shepherd
69.000
91.000
27.000
14.00
3900
3D
Bohemian Shepherd
14”-16” | 36-41 cm
15”-18” | 33-46 cm
7-14 lb | 3-6 kg
12-14 years
Bolognese
41.000
46.000
6.000
14.00
19000
3D
Bolognese
22”-27” | 56-69 cm
28”-34” | 71-86 cm
27-45 lb | 12-20 kg
10-17 years
Border Collie
69.000
86.000
20.000
17.00
308000
3D
Border Collie
19”-21” | 48-53 cm
22”-24” | 56-61 cm
10-25 lb | 5-11 kg
11-15 years
Boston Terrier
53.000
61.000
11.000
15.00
222000
3D
Boston Terrier
Boxer
119000
28.5”-33" | 72-84 cm
30”-35” | 76-89 cm
50-80 lb | 22.7-36.3 kg
10-12 years
Boxer
84.000
89.000
36.300
12.00
119000
3D
Boxer
29”-34” | 74-86 cm
32”-39” | 81-99 cm
55-90 lb | 25-41 kg
11-14 years
Bracco Italiano
86.000
99.000
41.000
14.00
4600
3D
Bracco Italiano
24”-28" | 61-71 cm
26”-31” | 66-79 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
12-15 years
Braque Français Pyrenean
71.000
79.000
25.000
15.00
50
3D
Braque Français Pyrenean
24”-29” | 61-74 cm
27”-32” | 69-81 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
12-15 years
Braque de Bourbonnais
74.000
81.000
25.000
15.00
50
3D
Braque de Bourbonnais
33”-37” | 84-94 cm
42”-46” | 107-117 cm
90-150 lb | 41-68 kg
7-12 years
Broholmer
94.000
117.000
68.000
12.00
3900
3D
Broholmer
23.5”-29” | 60-74 cm
31.5”-38.5” | 80-98 cm
45-65 lb | 20.4-36.3 kg
12-13 years
Bull Terrier
74.000
98.000
36.300
13.00
167000
3D
Bull Terrier
Bulldog
208000
15”-19” | 38-48 cm
20”-27” | 51-69 cm
40-55 lb | 18-25 kg
8-10 years
Bulldog
48.000
69.000
25.000
10.00
208000
3D
Bulldog
30”-34” | 76-86 cm
40”-44.5” | 102-113 cm
100-130 lb | 45.4-59 kg
7-9 years
Bullmastiff
86.000
113.000
59.000
9.00
131000
3D
Bullmastiff
32.5”-43” | 83-109 cm
41.5”-55” | 105-140 cm
85-110 lb | 38.6-49.9 kg
9-12 years
Cane Corso
109.000
140.000
49.900
12.00
272000
3D
Cane Corso
23”-29” | 58-74 cm
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
30-50 lb | 14-23 kg
12-15 years
Carolina Dog
74.000
84.000
23.000
15.00
32000
3D
Carolina Dog
28”-35” | 71-89 cm
32”-41” | 81-104 cm
50-95 lb | 23-43 kg
10-14 years
Catahoula Leopard Dog
89.000
104.000
43.000
14.00
78000
3D
Catahoula Leopard Dog
29”-35” | 74-89 cm
34”-43” | 86-109 cm
80-155 lb | 36-70 kg
10-12 years
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
89.000
109.000
70.000
12.00
18000
3D
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
15-16.5” | 38-42 cm
19”-20” | 48-51 cm
13-18 lb | 5.9-8.2 kg
12-15 years
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
42.000
51.000
8.200
15.00
115000
3D
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
31”-34” | 79-86 cm
40”-43” | 102-109 cm
85-175 lb | 39-79 kg
11-15 years
Central Asian Shepherd Dog
86.000
109.000
79.000
15.00
6000
3D
Central Asian Shepherd Dog
Chihuahua
336000
8.5”-13” | 22-33 cm
9.5”-15” | 24-38 cm
3-6 lb | 1.4-2.7 kg
14-16 years
Chihuahua
33.000
38.000
2.700
16.00
336000
3D
Chihuahua
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
24”-29” | 61-74 cm
26-35 lb | 12-16 kg
12-15 years
Cocker Spaniel
56.000
74.000
16.000
15.00
147000
3D
Cocker Spaniel
Collie
62000
26”-32” | 66-81 cm
29”-34” | 74-86 cm
40-65 lb | 18-29 kg
14-16 years
Collie
81.000
86.000
29.000
16.00
62000
3D
Collie
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
22”-27” | 56-69 cm
25”-30” | 58-76 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
12-14 years
Croatian Sheepdog
69.000
76.000
20.000
14.00
1300
3D
Croatian Sheepdog
29”-34” | 74-86 cm
33”-39” | 84-99 cm
50-90 lb | 23-41 kg
9-14 years
Curly-Coated Retriever
86.000
99.000
41.000
14.00
6100
3D
Curly-Coated Retriever
29”-33” | 74-84 cm
36”-39” | 91-99 cm
40-60 lb | 18-27 kg
12-16 years
Czechoslovakian Vlack
84.000
99.000
27.000
16.00
40
3D
Czechoslovakian Vlack
Dachshund
251000
13”-14.5” | 33-37 cm
21.5”-25” | 55-64 cm
16-32 lb | 7.3-14.5 kg (Standard)
12-16 years
Dachshund
37.000
64.000
14.500
16.00
251000
3D
Dachshund
27.5"-30" | 70-76 cm
31"-33" | 79-84 cm
45-70 lb | 20-32 kg
11-15 years
Dalmatian
76.000
84.000
32.000
15.00
76000
3D
Dalmatian
13”-18” | 33-46 cm
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
18-24 lb | 8-11 kg
12-15 years
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
46.000
53.000
11.000
15.00
10000
3D
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
15-25 lb | 7-11 kg
11-15 years
Danish-Swedish Farmdog
51.000
53.000
11.000
15.00
250
3D
Danish-Swedish Farmdog
24”-28" | 61-71 cm
28”-32” | 71-81 cm
40-55 lb | 18-25 kg
12-14 years
Deutscher Wachtelhund
71.000
81.000
25.000
14.00
100
3D
Deutscher Wachtelhund
Dingo
105000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
28”-43” | 71-109 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Dingo
61.000
109.000
20.000
16.00
105000
3D
Dingo
30”-35.5” | 76-90 cm
40”-46” | 102-117 cm
60-100 lb | 27.2-45.4 kg
10-12 years
Doberman Pinscher
90.000
117.000
45.400
12.00
110000
3D
Doberman Pinscher
29”-32” | 74-81 cm
35”-38” | 89-97 cm
40-60 lb | 18-27 kg
11-14 years
Drentsche Patrijshond
81.000
97.000
27.000
14.00
350
3D
Drentsche Patrijshond
19”-22” | 48-56 cm
26”-31” | 66-79 cm
30-40 lb | 14-18 kg
12-15 years
Drever
56.000
79.000
18.000
15.00
900
3D
Drever
29”-33” | 74-84 cm
33”-37” | 84-94 cm
50-70 lb | 23-32 kg
11-15 years
Dutch Shepherd
84.000
94.000
32.000
15.00
66000
3D
Dutch Shepherd
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
3D
Eastern Coyote
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
31”-36” | 79-91 cm
55-75 lb | 25-34 kg
10-14 years
English Foxhound
84.000
91.000
34.000
14.00
9700
3D
English Foxhound
25”-31” | 65-79 cm
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
40-55 lb | 18-25 kg
12-14 years
English Springer Spaniel
79.000
84.000
25.000
14.00
38000
3D
English Springer Spaniel
22”-27” | 56-69 cm
29”-37” | 74-94 cm
45-65 lb | 20-36 kg
11-15 years
Entlebucher Mountain Dog
69.000
94.000
36.000
15.00
10000
3D
Entlebucher Mountain Dog
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
33”-40” | 84-102 cm
25-45 lb | 11-20 kg
7-9 years (wild); up to 12 years (captivity)
Ethiopian Wolf
61.000
102.000
20.000
12.00
7800
3D
Ethiopian Wolf
7”-9” | 18-23 cm
10”-16” | 25-41 cm
2-4 lb | 1-2 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
Fennec Fox
23.000
41.000
2.000
14.00
166000
3D
Fennec Fox
15.5”-18.5” | 39-47 cm
18”-21.5” | 46-55 cm
16-28 lb | 7.3-12.7 kg
10-12 years
French Bulldog
47.000
55.000
12.700
12.00
372000
3D
French Bulldog
21"-25" | 53-64 cm
34"-41" | 86-104 cm
45-70 lb | 20-32 kg
10-16 years
German Pointer
64.000
104.000
32.000
16.00
7100
3D
German Pointer
26.5"-31" | 67-79 cm
36"-42.5" | 91-108 cm
50-90 lb | 23-41 kg
7-13 years
German Shepherd
79.000
108.000
41.000
13.00
452000
3D
German Shepherd
18”-20” | 46-51 cm
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
18-24 lb | 8-11 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Golden Jackal
51.000
84.000
11.000
16.00
5000
3D
Golden Jackal
28.5"-31.5" | 72-80 cm
37"-42" | 94-107 cm
55-75 lb | 25-34 kg
10-12 years
Golden Retriever
80.000
107.000
34.000
12.00
329000
3D
Golden Retriever
12”-17” | 30-43 cm
21”-32” | 53-81 cm
6-16 lb | 2.7-7 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 14-16 years (captivity)
Gray Fox
43.000
81.000
7.000
16.00
32000
3D
Gray Fox
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
50-150 lb | 23-68 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
Gray Wolf
84.000
183.000
68.000
17.00
35000
3D
Gray Wolf
42.5"-49.5" | 108-126 cm
35.5"-43" | 90-109 cm
110-175 lb | 50-79 kg
7-10 years
Great Dane
126.000
109.000
79.000
10.00
242000
3D
Great Dane
32”-40.5” | 81-103 cm
40.5”-52.5” | 103-133 cm
80-120 lb | 36.3-54.4 kg
10-12 years
Great Pyrenees
103.000
133.000
54.400
12.00
273000
3D
Great Pyrenees
Havanese
126000
12.5”-17” | 32-43 cm
19”-25.5” | 48-65 cm
7-13 lb | 3.2-5.9 kg
14-16 years
Havanese
43.000
65.000
5.900
16.00
126000
3D
Havanese
41”-45” | 104-114 cm
46”-50.5” | 117-128 cm
115-180 lb | 52.2-81.6 kg
6-8 years
Irish Wolfhound
114.000
128.000
81.600
8.00
166000
3D
Irish Wolfhound
14”-17” | 36-43 cm
18”-21.5" | 46-55 cm
9-15 lb | 4.1-6.8 kg
12-14 years
Jack Russell Terrier
43.000
55.000
6.800
14.00
126000
3D
Jack Russell Terrier
Kit Fox
13000
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
17”-21” | 43-53 cm
4-6 lb | 2-2.7 kg
4-7 years (wild); up to 12-14 years (captivity)
Kit Fox
30.000
53.000
2.700
14.00
13000
3D
Kit Fox
15”-17” | 38-43 cm
17”-20” | 43-51 cm
13-18 lb | 6-8 kg
12-15 years
Lancashire Heeler
43.000
51.000
8.000
15.00
4900
3D
Lancashire Heeler
Maltese
203000
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
13.5”-17.5” | 34-44 cm
3-8 lb | 1.4-3.6 kg
12-15 years
Maltese
38.000
44.000
3.600
15.00
203000
3D
Maltese
Mastiff
152000
35”-42” | 89-107 cm
44.5”-53” | 113-135 cm
120-230 lb | 54.4-104.3 kg
8-10 years
Mastiff
107.000
135.000
104.300
10.00
152000
3D
Mastiff
Mudi
8900
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
23”-28” | 58-71 cm
18-30 lb | 8-14 kg
12-14 years
Mudi
61.000
71.000
14.000
14.00
8900
3D
Mudi
32.5”-37.5” | 83-95 cm
36.5”-42” | 93-107 cm
100-150 lb | 45.4-68 kg
9-10 years
Newfoundland
95.000
107.000
68.000
10.00
148000
3D
Newfoundland
22”-24” | 56-61 cm
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
18-35 lb | 8-16 kg
12-17 years
Norrbottenspets
61.000
66.000
16.000
17.00
2000
3D
Norrbottenspets
Papillon
193000
12”-16.5” | 30-42 cm
12”-17” | 30-43 cm
5-10 lb | 2.3-4.5 kg
14-16 years
Papillon
42.000
43.000
4.500
16.00
193000
3D
Papillon
14”-17” | 36-43 cm
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
22-31 lb | 10-14 kg
12-15 years
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
43.000
66.000
14.000
15.00
55000
3D
Pembroke Welsh Corgi
14”-22” | 36-56 cm
14”-22” | 36-56 cm
18-25 lb | 8-11 kg
10-13 years
Peruvian Inca Orchid
56.000
56.000
11.000
13.00
5100
3D
Peruvian Inca Orchid
8”-9.5” | 20-24 cm
9.5”-11” | 24-28 cm
3-7 lb | 1.4-3.2 kg
12-16 years
Pomeranian
24.000
28.000
3.200
16.00
318000
3D
Pomeranian
29”-37” | 74-94 cm
32”-41” | 81-104 cm
8-14 lb | 4-6 kg
12-15 years
Portuguese Podengo
94.000
104.000
6.000
15.00
8200
3D
Portuguese Podengo
Pug
257000
13”-17” | 33-43 cm
15.5”-20.5” | 39-52 cm
14-18 lb | 6.4-8.2 kg
13-15 years
Pug
43.000
52.000
8.200
15.00
257000
3D
Pug
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
20”-27” | 51-69 cm
14-22 lb | 6-10 kg
4-8 years (wild): up to 11-16 years (captivity)
Raccoon Dog
51.000
69.000
10.000
16.00
62000
3D
Raccoon Dog
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
3D
Red Fox
24”-26” | 61-66 cm
38”-60” | 97-152 cm
45-85 lb | 20-39 kg
5-6 years (wild); up to 14 years (captivity)
Red Wolf
66.000
152.000
39.000
14.00
42000
3D
Red Wolf
30.5"-34" | 77-86 cm
38.5"-42" | 98-107 cm
90-120 lb | 42-55 kg
8-10 years
Rottweiler
86.000
107.000
55.000
10.00
293000
3D
Rottweiler
11”-14” | 28-36 cm
12”-16” | 30-41 cm
3-6 lb | 1.4-2.7 kg
10-14 years
Russian Toy
36.000
41.000
2.700
14.00
1100
3D
Russian Toy
32"-37" | 81-94 cm
40"-47" | 102-119 cm
120-180 lb | 54-82 kg
8-10 years
Saint Bernard
94.000
119.000
82.000
10.00
64000
3D
Saint Bernard
Samoyed
206000
24.5”-30” | 62-76 cm
28.5”-35.5” | 72-90 cm
35-65 lb | 15.9-29.5 kg
12-14 years
Samoyed
76.000
90.000
29.500
14.00
206000
3D
Samoyed
Shiba Inu
449000
17.5”-21.5” | 44-55 cm
23”-28” | 58-71 cm
15-24 lb | 6.8-10.9 kg
13-16 years
Shiba Inu
55.000
71.000
10.900
16.00
449000
3D
Shiba Inu
Shih Tzu
312000
13”-15” | 33-38 cm
15”-17.5” | 38-44 cm
9-16 lb | 4.1-7.3 kg
10-18 years
Shih Tzu
38.000
44.000
7.300
18.00
312000
3D
Shih Tzu
26.5”-31” | 67-79 cm
30”-34.5” | 76-88 cm
35-65 lb | 15.9-29.5 kg
12-14 years
Siberian Husky
79.000
88.000
29.500
14.00
211000
3D
Siberian Husky
Danish-Swedish Farmdog
Comparison diagram of the Danish-Swedish Farmdog dog breed in relation to the height of a typical person

As the name suggests, the Danish-Swedish Farmdog is native to Denmark and Sweden but has already conquered people’s hearts all over the Scandinavia region. The dog can serve as a guard dog, hunting dog, and companion dog because of its gentle temperament. It may be compact, but it enjoys working. The dog is rectangular shaped with a short and smooth coat color that is predominantly white or having several combinations of color patches. The relatively large triangular ears relax close to the head while the tail can be long, bobbed, or half bobbed, and the head may be small and triangular. It can also take part in dog sports.

Danish-Swedish Farmdogs have a withers height between 12”-15” (30-38 cm) and a typical weight in the range of 15-25 lb (7-11 kg). The Danish-Swedish Farmdog has an overall body length of roughly 16”-21” (41-53 cm), standing height between 16”-20” (41-51 cm), and a typical lifespan of 11-15 years.

Seated and standing side and front elevation drawings of the Danish-Swedish Farmdog dog breed
As the name suggests, the Danish-Swedish Farmdog is native to Denmark and Sweden but has already conquered people’s hearts all over the Scandinavia region. The dog can serve as a guard dog, hunting dog, and companion dog because of its gentle temperament. It may be compact, but it enjoys working.

Danish-Swedish Farmdogs have a withers height between 12”-15” (30-38 cm) and a typical weight in the range of 15-25 lb (7-11 kg). The Danish-Swedish Farmdog has an overall body length of roughly 16”-21” (41-53 cm), standing height between 16”-20” (41-51 cm), and a typical lifespan of 11-15 years.

Seated and standing side and front elevation drawings of the Danish-Swedish Farmdog dog breed
Danish-Swedish Farmdog
Height:
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
Width:
Length:
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
Weight:
15-25 lb | 7-11 kg
Area:

Withers Height (Male): 13”-15” | 33-38 cm
Withers Height (Female): 12”-14” | 30-36 cm

Breed Size
Lifespan
11-15 years

Drawings include:

Danish-Swedish Farmdog side elevation (standing), front elevation (various), side (various)

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Great Pyrenees
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Great Pyrenees dog breed compared to an average person

A fluffy member of the working group of dog breeds, the Great Pyrenees is a gentle giant bred to guard flocks of sheep as far back as the European Bronze Age. Named for the snowy Pyrenees mountain range that forms the Spanish-French border, this 100 pound canine has a distinctly white, long coat that allows it to thrive in cold climates. With soft, friendly facial features akin to those of a Labrador Retriever or Newfoundland, this kind companion is well suited for families thanks to its innate determination to protect young or injured creatures.

Male Great Pyrenees have a withers height between 27”-32” (69-81 cm) and a weight in the range of 110-120 lb (49.9-54.4 kg). Female Great Pyrenees have a withers height between 25”-29” (64-74 cm) and a weight in the range of 80-90 lb (36.3-40.8 kg). The Great Pyrenees has an overall body length of roughly 40.5”-52.5” (103-133 cm), standing height of 32”-40.5” (81-103 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-12 years.

Set of illustrations of the Great Pyrenees in seated and standing positions viewed from the side profile
A fluffy member of the working group of dog breeds, the Great Pyrenees is a gentle giant bred to guard flocks of sheep as far back as the European Bronze Age. Named for the snowy Pyrenees mountain range, this canine has a distinctly white, long coat that allows it to thrive in cold climates.

Male Great Pyrenees have a withers height between 27”-32” (69-81 cm) and a weight in the range of 110-120 lb (49.9-54.4 kg). Female Great Pyrenees have a withers height between 25”-29” (64-74 cm) and a weight in the range of 80-90 lb (36.3-40.8 kg). The Great Pyrenees has an overall body length of roughly 40.5”-52.5” (103-133 cm), standing height of 32”-40.5” (81-103 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-12 years.

Set of illustrations of the Great Pyrenees in seated and standing positions viewed from the side profile
Great Pyrenees
Height:
32”-40.5” | 81-103 cm
Width:
Length:
40.5”-52.5” | 103-133 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
25”-32” | 64-81 cm
Weight:
80-120 lb | 36.3-54.4 kg
Area:

Coat Color: White or white with gray, badger, reddish brown, or tan markings

Temperament: Confident, gentle, affectionate, patient, tolerant

Breed Size
Large
Lifespan
10-12 years

Drawings include:

Great Pyrenees side elevation (standing), side (sitting), front (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Maltese
Comparison diagram of the Maltese dog breed in relation to the height of a typical person

Gentle, playful, and charming, the Maltese is a beloved member of the toy group of dogs. Weighing in at less than seven pounds, the Maltese is a petite pooch with a remarkably long, silky, hair-like coat that comes in a trademark white color. With origins rooted in the Mediterranean area—hence the name—, this dog has been around since ancient times and was  bred to be a companion from the start. The Maltese is favored for its lively, playful, yet gentle temperament and has a life-expectancy of 15 years. Did you know that the most popular hair cut for a Maltese is called “the puppy cut”?

The Maltese has a withers height between 7”-9” (18-23 cm) and a weight in the range of 3-8 lb (1.4-3.6 kg). The Maltese has an overall body length of roughly 13.5”-17.5” (34-44 cm), standing height of 12”-15” (30-38 cm), and a typical lifespan of 12-15 years.

Set of seated and standing side elevation drawings of the Maltese dog breed
Gentle, playful, and charming, the Maltese is a beloved member of the toy group of dogs. The Maltese is a petite pooch with a remarkably long, silky, hair-like coat that comes in a trademark white color. The Maltese has been around since ancient times and was bred to be a companion from the start.

The Maltese has a withers height between 7”-9” (18-23 cm) and a weight in the range of 3-8 lb (1.4-3.6 kg). The Maltese has an overall body length of roughly 13.5”-17.5” (34-44 cm), standing height of 12”-15” (30-38 cm), and a typical lifespan of 12-15 years.

Set of seated and standing side elevation drawings of the Maltese dog breed
Maltese
Height:
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
Width:
Length:
13.5”-17.5” | 34-44 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
7”-9” | 18-23 cm
Weight:
3-8 lb | 1.4-3.6 kg
Area:

Coat Color: Pure white

Temperament: Gentle, lively, playful, fearless

Breed Size
Small
Lifespan
12-15 years

Drawings include:

Maltese side elevation (standing), side (sitting), front (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Shih Tzu
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Shih Tzu dog breed compared to an average person

A popular member of the toy group of dog breeds, the Shih Tzu is a small, easy-going dog ranging from nine to sixteen pounds and is famous for its exceptionally long, silky, hair-like coat. Originating in China with evidence of its popularity in the Forbidden City, this little pooch was treasured in the Chinese court and regarded as a holy messenger. Bred to be a companion, the Shih Tzu is known for its relaxed and pleasant demeanor, though can be stubborn at times. Having your Shih Tzu groomed on a regular basis is a must, and stylish hair pins and bows can help keep hair out of your furry friend’s eyes.

Shih Tzus have a withers height between 9”-10.5” (23-27 cm) and a weight in the range of 9-16 lb (4.1-7.3 kg). The Shih Tzu has an overall body length of roughly 15”-17.5” (38-44 cm), standing height of 13”-15” (33-38 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-18 years.

Pair of side elevation drawings of the Shih Tzu in standing and seated postures
A popular member of the toy group of dog breeds, the Shih Tzu is a small, easy-going dog ranging from nine to sixteen pounds and is famous for its exceptionally long, silky, hair-like coat. Originating in China, this little pooch was treasured in the Chinese court and regarded as a holy messenger.

Shih Tzus have a withers height between 9”-10.5” (23-27 cm) and a weight in the range of 9-16 lb (4.1-7.3 kg). The Shih Tzu has an overall body length of roughly 15”-17.5” (38-44 cm), standing height of 13”-15” (33-38 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-18 years.

Pair of side elevation drawings of the Shih Tzu in standing and seated postures
Shih Tzu
Height:
13”-15” | 33-38 cm
Width:
Length:
15”-17.5” | 38-44 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
9”-10.5” | 23-27 cm
Weight:
9-16 lb | 4.1-7.3 kg
Area:

Coat Color: All colors

Temperament: Outgoing, happy, affectionate, trusting

Breed Size
Small
Lifespan
10-18 years

Drawings include:

Shih Tzu side elevation (standing), side (sitting), front (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Mastiff
Comparison diagram of the Mastiff dog breed in relation to the height of a typical person

One of the largest dog breeds in the world, the mastiff is a deceivingly gentle member of the working group of dogs. Standing at an average shoulder height of 30 inches, the mastiff has a dense, muscular build with characteristic features that include a long tail, gigantic paws, a bulky skull, and droopy face wrinkles. With historic records dating mastiff-type dogs as far back as 3,000 years ago, the Mastiff has remained a popular choice as a guard dog due to their imposing size and deep bark. However, like many dogs of this lineage, the Mastiff can be a gentle giant, showing deep loyalty and affection to its closest companions.

Male Mastiffs have a withers height between 30”-33” (76-84 cm) and a weight in the range of 160-230 lb (72.6-104.3 kg). Female Mastiffs have a withers height between 27.5”-30” (70-76 cm) and a weight in the range of 120-170 lb (54.4-77.1 kg). The Mastiff has an overall body length of roughly 44.5”-53” (113-135 cm), standing height of 35”-42” (89-107 cm), and a typical lifespan of 8-10 years.

Set of seated and standing side elevation drawings of the Mastiff dog breed
One of the largest dog breeds in the world, the mastiff is a deceivingly gentle member of the working group of dogs. Standing at an average shoulder height of 30 inches, the mastiff has a dense, muscular build with features that include a long tail, large paws and skull, and droopy face wrinkles.

Male Mastiffs have a withers height between 30”-33” (76-84 cm) and a weight in the range of 160-230 lb (72.6-104.3 kg). Female Mastiffs have a withers height between 27.5”-30” (70-76 cm) and a weight in the range of 120-170 lb (54.4-77.1 kg). The Mastiff has an overall body length of roughly 44.5”-53” (113-135 cm), standing height of 35”-42” (89-107 cm), and a typical lifespan of 8-10 years.

Set of seated and standing side elevation drawings of the Mastiff dog breed
Mastiff
Height:
35”-42” | 89-107 cm
Width:
Length:
44.5”-53” | 113-135 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
27.5”-33” | 70-84 cm
Weight:
120-230 lb | 54.4-104.3 kg
Area:

Coat Color: Fawn, apricot, brindle

Temperament: Good natured, courageous, docile, proud

Breed Size
Large
Lifespan
8-10 years

Drawings include:

Mastiff side elevation (standing), side (sitting), front (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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