Canidae | Canines

Canidae, or canines, are vertebrate dog-like creatures with long muzzles, upright ears, sharp teeth, long legs, and bushy tails. The Canidae family includes foxes, wolves, jackals, and domestic dogs. Canines are one of the earliest domesticated species, being the family that the domestic, and beloved, dog hails from. Canidae are native to every continent, except Australia and Antarctica, and are absent on most oceanic islands. Canines are naturally carnivores, but some have been known to feed on carrion or plant matter. Canidae have a history of being hunted and trapped for their pelts, and many are still hunted today to protect livestock or control populations.

Why do canines howl?

The reason why canines howl varies on their species. Wolves howl to communicate with other wolves to claim their territory, warn others to stay away, find pack members while they are apart, and maintain relationships within their pack. Jackals howl to guard off intruders or to maintain contact with family members. Dogs howl to seek attention from their owners.

How many teeth do canines have?

Canines typically have 42 teeth including incisors, and fang-shaped teeth that are called canines. These teeth are used to kill prey. Their premolar teeth are narrow and sharp, while their molar teeth have broad surfaces to allow them to bite down on hard materials.

What is the difference between a dog and a wolf?

Although dogs and wolves are related to one another, there are various differences between them. Dogs were considered to be a different species until recently. Scientists now believe dogs are a sub-species of wolves. Dogs and wolves differ in their appearance (eye color, head size, coats and jaws), behaviors, domestication, and vocal noises.

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Canidae | Canines Guides
Browse through our curated Canidae | Canines Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Canidae | Canines. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Canidae | Canines

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Affenpinscher
Guide-2-F
Guide-1-A
31000
13”-16” | 33-41 cm
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
6-13 lb | 3-6 kg
11-14 years
Affenpinscher
41.000
38.000
6.000
14.00
31000
3D
Affenpinscher
Afghan Hound
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-D
60000
33”-37” | 84-94 cm
32”-36” | 81-91 cm
57-75 lb | 26-34 kg
10-14 years
Afghan Hound
94.000
91.000
34.000
14.00
60000
3D
Afghan Hound
Airedale Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-C
53000
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
30”-34” | 76-86 cm
40-65 lb | 18-29 kg
10-13 years
Airedale Terrier
79.000
86.000
29.000
13.00
53000
3D
Airedale Terrier
Akita
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-E
226000
31”-36.5” | 79-93 cm
36.5”-43.5” | 93-110 cm
70-130 lb | 31.8-59 kg
10-13 years
Akita
93.000
110.000
59.000
13.00
226000
3D
Akita
Alaskan Husky
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-C
27000
31”-34” | 79-86 cm
34”-37” | 86-94 cm
40-60 lb | 18-27 kg
10-15 years
Alaskan Husky
86.000
94.000
27.000
15.00
27000
3D
Alaskan Husky
Alaskan Klee Kai
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
62000
20”-22” | 51-56 cm
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
16-22 lb | 7-10 kg
12-16 years
Alaskan Klee Kai
56.000
61.000
10.000
16.00
62000
3D
Alaskan Klee Kai
Alaskan Malamute
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-D
177000
29.5"-34.5" | 75-88 cm
35"-41.5" | 89-105 cm
75-85 lb | 34-39 kg
10-15 years
Alaskan Malamute
88.000
105.000
39.000
15.00
177000
3D
Alaskan Malamute
American Bulldog
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-D
155000
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
31”-37” | 79-94 cm
60-120 lb | 27-54 kg
10-16 years
American Bulldog
84.000
94.000
54.000
16.00
155000
3D
American Bulldog
American English Coonhound
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-C
6400
28”-35” | 71-89 cm
32”-40” | 81-102 cm
40-65 lb | 18-29 kg
10-12 years
American English Coonhound
89.000
102.000
29.000
12.00
6400
3D
American English Coonhound
American Eskimo Dog
Guide-2-C
Guide-1-B
40000
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
21”-26” | 53-66 cm
18-35 lb | 8-16 kg
12-15 years
American Eskimo Dog
56.000
66.000
16.000
15.00
40000
3D
American Eskimo Dog
American Foxhound
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-C
19000
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
28”-32” | 71-81 cm
45-75 lb | 20-34 kg
9-13 years
American Foxhound
79.000
81.000
34.000
13.00
19000
3D
American Foxhound
American Hairless Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-B
8100
17”-22” | 43-56 cm
18”-23” | 46-58 cm
7-16 lb | 3-7 kg
12-16 years
American Hairless Terrier
56.000
58.000
7.000
16.00
8100
3D
American Hairless Terrier
American Leopard Hound
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
7200
28”-36” | 71-91 cm
32”-40” | 81-102 cm
35-75 lb | 16-34 kg
10-15 years
American Leopard Hound
91.000
102.000
34.000
15.00
7200
3D
American Leopard Hound
American Staffordshire Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-C
103000
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
28”-31” | 71-79 cm
40-70 lb | 18-32 kg
9-15 years
American Staffordshire Terrier
64.000
79.000
32.000
15.00
103000
3D
American Staffordshire Terrier
American Water Spaniel
Guide-2-D
Guide-1-C
8800
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
25-45 lb | 11-20 kg
10-15 years
American Water Spaniel
61.000
61.000
20.000
15.00
8800
3D
American Water Spaniel
Anatolian Shepherd Dog
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-E
3100
33”-40” | 84-102 cm
37”-44” | 94-112 cm
85-150 lb | 39-68 kg
10-15 years
Anatolian Shepherd Dog
102.000
112.000
68.000
15.00
3100
3D
Anatolian Shepherd Dog
Appenzeller Sennenhund
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
6000
24”-28" | 61-71 cm
32”-38” | 81-97 cm
45-70 lb | 20-32 kg
11-15 years
Appenzeller Sennenhund
71.000
97.000
32.000
15.00
6000
3D
Appenzeller Sennenhund
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
18”-24” | 46-61 cm
7-17 lb | 3-7.7 kg
3-6 years (wild); up to 14-16 years (captivity)
Arctic Fox
30.000
61.000
7.700
16.00
114000
3D
Arctic Fox
25”-31” | 64-79 cm
38”-68” | 97-173 cm
70-155 lb | 32-70 kg
7-10 years (wild); up to 18 years (captivity)
Arctic Wolf
79.000
173.000
70.000
18.00
28000
3D
Arctic Wolf
Australian Cattle Dog
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-C
136000
21”-25” | 53-64 cm
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
31-35 lb | 14-16 kg
13-15 years
Australian Cattle Dog
64.000
84.000
16.000
15.00
136000
3D
Australian Cattle Dog
Australian Kelpie
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
58000
20”-25” | 51-64 cm
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
30-50 lb | 14-23 kg
10-14 years
Australian Kelpie
64.000
84.000
23.000
14.00
58000
3D
Australian Kelpie
Australian Shepherd
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-C
436000
25”-32” | 64-81 cm
28”-36” | 71-91 cm
35-70 lb | 16-32 kg
13-15 years
Australian Shepherd
81.000
91.000
32.000
15.00
436000
3D
Australian Shepherd
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
5200
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
24”-29” | 61-74 cm
35-50 lb | 16-23 kg
12-15 years
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
64.000
74.000
23.000
15.00
5200
3D
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
Australian Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-B
18000
14”-15” | 36-38 cm
18”-20” | 46-51 cm
12-16 lb | 5-7 kg
12-15 years
Australian Terrier
38.000
51.000
7.000
15.00
18000
3D
Australian Terrier
Azawakh
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-D
7600
30”-37” | 76-94 cm
28”-35” | 71-89 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
10-15 years
Azawakh
94.000
89.000
25.000
15.00
7600
3D
Azawakh
Barbado da Terceira
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
1000
24”-28" | 61-71 cm
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
45-60 lb | 20-27 kg
12-15 years
Barbado da Terceira
71.000
84.000
27.000
15.00
1000
3D
Barbado da Terceira
Barbet
Guide-2-D
Guide-1-C
4900
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
29”-36” | 74-91 cm
30-65 lb | 14-29 kg
12-15 years
Barbet
84.000
91.000
29.000
15.00
4900
3D
Barbet
Basenji
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-B
120000
19”-20” | 48-51 cm
23”-25” | 58-64 cm
20-26 lb | 9.1-11.8 kg
13-14 years
Basenji
51.000
64.000
11.800
14.00
120000
3D
Basenji
Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
2400
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
23”-28” | 58-71 cm
25-40 lb | 11-18 kg
11-15 years
Basset Fauve de Bretagne
56.000
71.000
18.000
15.00
2400
3D
Basset Fauve de Bretagne
Basset Hound
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-C
128000
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
26”-35” | 66-89 cm
44-64 lb | 20-29 kg
10-12 years
Basset Hound
53.000
89.000
29.000
12.00
128000
3D
Basset Hound
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
18”-26” | 46-66 cm
7-12 lb | 3-5 kg
5-7 years (wild); up to 12-16 years (captivity)
Bat-Eared Fox
38.000
66.000
5.000
16.00
12300
3D
Bat-Eared Fox
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
150
23”-28” | 61-71 cm
28”-34” | 71-86 cm
45-60 lb | 20-27 kg
10-14 years
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
71.000
86.000
27.000
14.00
150
3D
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Beagle
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-B
245000
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
20”-25” | 51-64 cm
20-24 lb | 9-11 kg
12-15 years
Beagle
56.000
64.000
11.000
15.00
245000
3D
Beagle
Bearded Collie
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-C
18000
26”-28” | 66-71 cm
32”-36” | 81-91 cm
40-60 lb | 18-27 kg
10-15 years
Bearded Collie
71.000
91.000
27.000
15.00
18000
3D
Bearded Collie
Beauceron
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-D
27000
32”-36” | 81-91 cm
36”-42” | 91-107 cm
65-100 lb | 29-45 kg
9-12 years
Beauceron
91.000
107.000
45.000
12.00
27000
3D
Beauceron
Bedlington Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-B
26000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
23”-27” | 58-69 cm
17-23 lb | 8-10 kg
12-16 years
Bedlington Terrier
61.000
69.000
10.000
16.00
26000
3D
Bedlington Terrier
Belgian Laekenois
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-D
5500
29”-34” | 74-86 cm
33”-38” | 84-97 cm
45-70 lb | 20-32 kg
10-14 years
Belgian Laekenois
86.000
97.000
32.000
14.00
5500
3D
Belgian Laekenois
Belgian Malinois
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-D
215000
28.5”-33” | 72-84 cm
34”-40” | 86-102 cm
40-80 lb | 18.1-36.3 kg
14-16 years
Belgian Malinois
84.000
102.000
36.300
16.00
215000
3D
Belgian Malinois
Belgian Sheepdog
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-D
10000
28”-32” | 71-81 cm
30”-35” | 76-89 cm
45-70 lb | 20-32 kg
10-14 years
Belgian Sheepdog
81.000
89.000
32.000
14.00
10000
3D
Belgian Sheepdog
Belgian Tervuren
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-D
21000
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
33”-38” | 84-97 cm
40-65 lb | 18-29 kg
10-14 years
Belgian Tervuren
84.000
97.000
29.000
14.00
21000
3D
Belgian Tervuren
Bergamasco Sheepdog
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-C
5400
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
31”-35” | 79-89 cm
55-85 lb | 25-39 kg
13-15 years
Bergamasco Sheepdog
79.000
89.000
39.000
15.00
5400
3D
Bergamasco Sheepdog
Berger Picard
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-D
10000
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
33”-39” | 84-99 cm
50-70 lb | 23-32 kg
12-15 years
Berger Picard
84.000
99.000
32.000
15.00
10000
3D
Berger Picard
Bernese Mountain Dog
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-E
224000
30"-36" | 76-91 cm
35"-41.5" | 89-105 cm
70-115 lb | 32-52 kg
7-10 years
Bernese Mountain Dog
91.000
105.000
52.000
10.00
224000
3D
Bernese Mountain Dog
Bichon Frise
Guide-2-C
Guide-1-B
154000
13”-16” | 33-41 cm
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
12-18 lb | 5.4-8.2 kg
14-15 years
Bichon Frise
41.000
56.000
8.200
15.00
154000
3D
Bichon Frise
Biewer Terrier
Guide-2-H
Guide-1-A
14000
10”-15” | 25-38 cm
11”-17” | 28-43 cm
4-8 lb | 2-4 kg
12-16 years
Biewer Terrier
38.000
43.000
4.000
16.00
14000
3D
Biewer Terrier
Black & Tan Coonhound
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-D
17000
31”-35” | 79-89 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
55-75 lb | 25-34 kg
10-12 years
Black & Tan Coonhound
89.000
99.000
34.000
12.00
17000
3D
Black & Tan Coonhound
Black Russian Terrier
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-D
18000
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
35”-40” | 89-102 cm
80-130 lb | 36-59 kg
10-12 years
Black Russian Terrier
99.000
102.000
59.000
12.00
18000
3D
Black Russian Terrier
Bloodhound
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-D
77000
29”-35” | 74-89 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
80-130 lb | 36-59 kg
7-12 years
Bloodhound
89.000
94.000
59.000
12.00
77000
3D
Bloodhound
Bluetick Coonhound
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-C
26000
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
32”-40” | 81-102 cm
45-85 lb | 20-39 kg
11-14 years
Bluetick Coonhound
84.000
102.000
39.000
14.00
26000
3D
Bluetick Coonhound
Boerboel
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-E
62000
28”-34” | 71-86 cm
31”-38” | 79-97 cm
120-175 lb | 54-79 kg
9-12 years
Boerboel
86.000
97.000
79.000
12.00
62000
3D
Boerboel
Bohemian Shepherd
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
3900
24”-27” | 61-69 cm
31”-36” | 79-91 cm
35-60 lb | 16-27 kg
9-14 years
Bohemian Shepherd
69.000
91.000
27.000
14.00
3900
3D
Bohemian Shepherd
Bolognese
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-A
19000
14”-16” | 36-41 cm
15”-18” | 33-46 cm
7-14 lb | 3-6 kg
12-14 years
Bolognese
41.000
46.000
6.000
14.00
19000
3D
Bolognese
Border Collie
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-C
308000
22”-27” | 56-69 cm
28”-34” | 71-86 cm
27-45 lb | 12-20 kg
10-17 years
Border Collie
69.000
86.000
20.000
17.00
308000
3D
Border Collie
Border Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-B
51000
17”-20” | 43-51 cm
17”-20” | 43-51 cm
11-16 lb | 5-7 kg
12-15 years
Border Terrier
51.000
51.000
7.000
15.00
51000
3D
Border Terrier
Borzoi
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-D
82000
32”-38” | 81-97 cm
33”-38” | 84-97 cm
55-100 lb | 25-45 kg
9-12 years
Borzoi
97.000
97.000
45.000
12.00
82000
3D
Borzoi
Boston Terrier
Guide-2-C
Guide-1-B
222000
19”-21” | 48-53 cm
22”-24” | 56-61 cm
10-25 lb | 5-11 kg
11-15 years
Boston Terrier
53.000
61.000
11.000
15.00
222000
3D
Boston Terrier
Bouvier des Flandres
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-D
25000
29”-34” | 74-86 cm
32”-39” | 81-99 cm
60-90 lb | 27-41 kg
10-12 years
Bouvier des Flandres
86.000
99.000
41.000
12.00
25000
3D
Bouvier des Flandres
Boxer
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-D
119000
28.5”-33" | 72-84 cm
30”-35” | 76-89 cm
50-80 lb | 22.7-36.3 kg
10-12 years
Boxer
84.000
89.000
36.300
12.00
119000
3D
Boxer
Boykin Spaniel
Guide-2-D
Guide-1-C
27000
19”-23” | 48-58 cm
22”-28” | 56-71 cm
25-40 lb | 11-18 kg
12-16 years
Boykin Spaniel
58.000
71.000
18.000
16.00
27000
3D
Boykin Spaniel
Bracco Italiano
Guide-2-H
Guide-1-D
4600
29”-34” | 74-86 cm
32”-39” | 81-99 cm
55-90 lb | 25-41 kg
11-14 years
Bracco Italiano
86.000
99.000
41.000
14.00
4600
3D
Bracco Italiano
Braque Français Pyrenean
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
50
24”-28" | 61-71 cm
26”-31” | 66-79 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
12-15 years
Braque Français Pyrenean
71.000
79.000
25.000
15.00
50
3D
Braque Français Pyrenean
Braque de Bourbonnais
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
50
24”-29” | 61-74 cm
27”-32” | 69-81 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
12-15 years
Braque de Bourbonnais
74.000
81.000
25.000
15.00
50
3D
Braque de Bourbonnais
Briard
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-D
15000
31”-37” | 79-94 cm
31”-37” | 79-94 cm
50-90 lb | 23-41 kg
10-12 years
Briard
94.000
94.000
41.000
12.00
15000
3D
Briard
Brittany
Guide-2-D
Guide-1-C
47000
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
25”-30” | 58-76 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
12-14 years
Brittany
66.000
76.000
20.000
14.00
47000
3D
Brittany
Broholmer
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-E
3900
33”-37” | 84-94 cm
42”-46” | 107-117 cm
90-150 lb | 41-68 kg
7-12 years
Broholmer
94.000
117.000
68.000
12.00
3900
3D
Broholmer
Brussels Griffon
Guide-2-F
Guide-1-A
60000
10”-11” | 25-28 cm
10”-11” | 25-28 cm
7-12 lb | 3-5 kg
10-15 years
Brussels Griffon
28.000
28.000
5.000
15.00
60000
3D
Brussels Griffon
Bull Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-C
167000
23.5”-29” | 60-74 cm
31.5”-38.5” | 80-98 cm
45-65 lb | 20.4-36.3 kg
12-13 years
Bull Terrier
74.000
98.000
36.300
13.00
167000
3D
Bull Terrier
Bulldog
Guide-2-C
Guide-1-C
208000
15”-19” | 38-48 cm
20”-27” | 51-69 cm
40-55 lb | 18-25 kg
8-10 years
Bulldog
48.000
69.000
25.000
10.00
208000
3D
Bulldog
Bullmastiff
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-E
131000
30”-34” | 76-86 cm
40”-44.5” | 102-113 cm
100-130 lb | 45.4-59 kg
7-9 years
Bullmastiff
86.000
113.000
59.000
9.00
131000
3D
Bullmastiff
Cairn Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-B
82000
15”-17” | 38-43 cm
18”-20” | 46-51 cm
13-18 lb | 6-8 kg
12-15 years
Cairn Terrier
43.000
51.000
8.000
15.00
82000
3D
Cairn Terrier
Canaan Dog
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-C
24000
26”-31” | 66-79 cm
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
12-15 years
Canaan Dog
79.000
84.000
25.000
15.00
24000
3D
Canaan Dog
Cane Corso
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-D
272000
32.5”-43” | 83-109 cm
41.5”-55” | 105-140 cm
85-110 lb | 38.6-49.9 kg
9-12 years
Cane Corso
109.000
140.000
49.900
12.00
272000
3D
Cane Corso
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-B
29000
15”-18” | 38-46 cm
24”-29” | 61-74 cm
25-40 lb | 11-18 kg
12-15 years
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
46.000
74.000
18.000
15.00
29000
3D
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Carolina Dog
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
32000
23”-29” | 58-74 cm
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
30-50 lb | 14-23 kg
12-15 years
Carolina Dog
74.000
84.000
23.000
15.00
32000
3D
Carolina Dog
Catahoula Leopard Dog
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-D
78000
28”-35” | 71-89 cm
32”-41” | 81-104 cm
50-95 lb | 23-43 kg
10-14 years
Catahoula Leopard Dog
89.000
104.000
43.000
14.00
78000
3D
Catahoula Leopard Dog
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-E
18000
29”-35” | 74-89 cm
34”-43” | 86-109 cm
80-155 lb | 36-70 kg
10-12 years
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
89.000
109.000
70.000
12.00
18000
3D
Caucasian Shepherd Dog
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Guide-2-F
Guide-1-B
115000
15-16.5” | 38-42 cm
19”-20” | 48-51 cm
13-18 lb | 5.9-8.2 kg
12-15 years
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
42.000
51.000
8.200
15.00
115000
3D
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Central Asian Shepherd Dog
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-D
6000
31”-34” | 79-86 cm
40”-43” | 102-109 cm
85-175 lb | 39-79 kg
11-15 years
Central Asian Shepherd Dog
86.000
109.000
79.000
15.00
6000
3D
Central Asian Shepherd Dog
Cesky Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-B
4400
14”-18” | 36-46 cm
22”-28” | 56-71 cm
14-25 lb | 6-11 kg
12-15 years
Cesky Terrier
46.000
71.000
11.000
15.00
4400
3D
Cesky Terrier
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Guide-2-D
Guide-1-D
46000
28”-34” | 71-86 cm
31”-37” | 79-94 cm
55-80 lb | 25-36 kg
10-13 years
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
86.000
94.000
36.000
13.00
46000
3D
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Chihuahua
Guide-2-F
Guide-1-A
336000
8.5”-13” | 22-33 cm
9.5”-15” | 24-38 cm
3-6 lb | 1.4-2.7 kg
14-16 years
Chihuahua
33.000
38.000
2.700
16.00
336000
3D
Chihuahua
Chinese Crested
Guide-2-F
Guide-1-A
43000
15”-17” | 38-43 cm
17”-19” | 43-48 cm
5-12 lb | 2-5 kg
12-15 years
Chinese Crested
43.000
48.000
5.000
15.00
43000
3D
Chinese Crested
Chinese Shar-Pei
Guide-2-C
Guide-1-C
2300
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
25”-29” | 64-74 cm
40-65 lb | 18-29 kg
8-12 years
Chinese Shar-Pei
66.000
74.000
29.000
12.00
2300
3D
Chinese Shar-Pei
Chinook
Guide-2-G
Guide-1-D
53000
28”-32” | 71-81 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
55-90 lb | 25-41 kg
12-15 years
Chinook
81.000
94.000
41.000
15.00
53000
3D
Chinook
Chow Chow
Guide-2-C
Guide-1-C
34000
20”-23” | 51-58 cm
25”-29” | 64-74 cm
45-70 lb | 20-32 kg
10-15 years
Chow Chow
58.000
74.000
32.000
15.00
34000
3D
Chow Chow
Cirneco dell’Etna
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-C
2700
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
18-25 lb | 8-11 kg
12-15 years
Cirneco dell’Etna
66.000
66.000
11.000
15.00
2700
3D
Cirneco dell’Etna
Clumber Spaniel
Guide-2-D
Guide-1-C
16000
23”-26” | 58-66 cm
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
55-85 lb | 25-39 kg
10-12 years
Clumber Spaniel
66.000
84.000
39.000
12.00
16000
3D
Clumber Spaniel
Cocker Spaniel
Guide-2-D
Guide-1-B
147000
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
24”-29” | 61-74 cm
26-35 lb | 12-16 kg
12-15 years
Cocker Spaniel
56.000
74.000
16.000
15.00
147000
3D
Cocker Spaniel
Collie
Guide-2-A
Guide-1-C
62000
26”-32” | 66-81 cm
29”-34” | 74-86 cm
40-65 lb | 18-29 kg
14-16 years
Collie
81.000
86.000
29.000
16.00
62000
3D
Collie
Coton de Tulear
Guide-2-C
Guide-1-B
57000
14”-16” | 36-41 cm
17”-20” | 43-51 cm
8-15 lb | 4-7 kg
12-16 years
Coton de Tulear
41.000
51.000
7.000
16.00
57000
3D
Coton de Tulear
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
Croatian Sheepdog
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
1300
22”-27” | 56-69 cm
25”-30” | 58-76 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
12-14 years
Croatian Sheepdog
69.000
76.000
20.000
14.00
1300
3D
Croatian Sheepdog
Curly-Coated Retriever
Guide-2-D
Guide-1-D
6100
29”-34” | 74-86 cm
33”-39” | 84-99 cm
50-90 lb | 23-41 kg
9-14 years
Curly-Coated Retriever
86.000
99.000
41.000
14.00
6100
3D
Curly-Coated Retriever
Czechoslovakian Vlack
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
40
29”-33” | 74-84 cm
36”-39” | 91-99 cm
40-60 lb | 18-27 kg
12-16 years
Czechoslovakian Vlack
84.000
99.000
27.000
16.00
40
3D
Czechoslovakian Vlack
Dachshund
Guide-2-B
Guide-1-B
251000
13”-14.5” | 33-37 cm
21.5”-25” | 55-64 cm
16-32 lb | 7.3-14.5 kg (Standard)
12-16 years
Dachshund
37.000
64.000
14.500
16.00
251000
3D
Dachshund
Dalmatian
Guide-2-C
Guide-1-C
76000
27.5"-30" | 70-76 cm
31"-33" | 79-84 cm
45-70 lb | 20-32 kg
11-15 years
Dalmatian
76.000
84.000
32.000
15.00
76000
3D
Dalmatian
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Guide-2-E
Guide-1-B
10000
13”-18” | 33-46 cm
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
18-24 lb | 8-11 kg
12-15 years
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
46.000
53.000
11.000
15.00
10000
3D
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Danish-Swedish Farmdog
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-B
250
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
15-25 lb | 7-11 kg
11-15 years
Danish-Swedish Farmdog
51.000
53.000
11.000
15.00
250
3D
Danish-Swedish Farmdog
Deutscher Wachtelhund
Guide-2-I
Guide-1-C
100
24”-28" | 61-71 cm
28”-32” | 71-81 cm
40-55 lb | 18-25 kg
12-14 years
Deutscher Wachtelhund
71.000
81.000
25.000
14.00
100
3D
Deutscher Wachtelhund
Dingo
105000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
28”-43” | 71-109 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Dingo
61.000
109.000
20.000
16.00
105000
3D
Dingo
German Pointer
Comparison drawing of a German Pointer with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

German Shorthaired Pointers are a breed of medium-sized bred as an all-purpose social hunting dog in 19th century Germany. With a versatile and streamlined powerful body that performs well on land or water, German Pointers are an enthusiastic, willing and agile athletic breed considered by many to have a ‘Noble’ and ‘Aristocratic’ character. German Shorthaired Pointers have a short and durable flat liver-colored coat that is either patterned or solid.

The average German Pointer has an overall height of 21"-25" (53-64 cm), withers height of 25"-29.5" (64-75 cm), and body length of 34"-41" (86-104 cm). A typical German Pointer weighs between 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-16 years.

Multiple illustrations of the various positions and postures of a German Pointer dog
German Shorthaired Pointers are a breed of medium-sized bred as an all-purpose social hunting dog. German Pointers are an enthusiastic, willing and agile athletic breed.

The average German Pointer has an overall height of 21"-25" (53-64 cm), withers height of 25"-29.5" (64-75 cm), and body length of 34"-41" (86-104 cm). A typical German Pointer weighs between 45-70 lb (20-32 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-16 years.

Multiple illustrations of the various positions and postures of a German Pointer dog
German Pointer
Height:
21"-25" | 53-64 cm
Width:
Length:
34"-41" | 86-104 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
25"-29.5" | 64-75 cm
Weight:
45-70 lb | 20-32 kg
Area:

Male:
Height (Withers):
23"-25" | 58-64 cm
Height (Standing): 26.5"-29.5" | 67-75 cm
Length: 
36.5"-41" | 93-104 cm
Weight: 55-70 lb | 25-32 kg

Female:
Height (Withers): 21”-23” | 53-58 cm
Height (Standing): 25"-26.5" | 64-67 cm
Length: 
34"-36.5" | 86-93 cm
Weight: 45-60 lb | 20-27 kg

Color: Patterned or solid reddish brown (liver) on white, short and flat coat
Temperament: Friendly, intelligent, willing, enthusiastic
Uses: Sporting, hunting, companion

Breed Size
Scientific Name
Lifespan
10-16 years

Drawings include:
German Pointer side elevation (standing), side (sitting), front (standing), front (sitting), laying down (side)

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Saint Bernard
Drawing comparing the size of a Saint Bernard to an average human with measurements for height and length

Saint Bernards are a giant breed of dog that are iconic for their gentle nature and strength that has made them famous for many alpine rescues. Originally bred for the purpose of mountain rescues and farming, Saint Bernards are one of the four Sennenhund (alpine pasture dog) breeds. Saint Bernards are known for being ‘gentle giants’ with calm, patient, and nurturing temperaments for children and companions—though they should be socialized early to prevent any fearful territorial tendencies. The Saint Bernard has a smooth or rough coat that is commonly shaded red or mahogany on white with black shades on the face and ears.

The average Saint Bernard has an overall height of 32"-37" (81-94 cm), withers height of 26”-30” (66-76 cm), and body length of 40"-47" (102-119 cm). A typical Saint Bernard weighs between 120-180 lb (54-82 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 8-10 years.

Various illustrations of a Saint Bernard dog drawn in a range of postures including sitting, standing and laying down
Saint Bernards are a giant breed of dog that are iconic for their gentle nature and strength that has made them famous for many alpine rescues.

The average Saint Bernard has an overall height of 32"-37" (81-94 cm), withers height of 26”-30” (66-76 cm), and body length of 40"-47" (102-119 cm). A typical Saint Bernard weighs between 120-180 lb (54-82 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 8-10 years.

Various illustrations of a Saint Bernard dog drawn in a range of postures including sitting, standing and laying down
Saint Bernard
Height:
32"-37" | 81-94 cm
Width:
Length:
40"-47" | 102-119 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
26”-30” | 66-76 cm
Weight:
120-180 lb | 54-82 kg
Area:

Male:
Height (Withers):
28”-30" | 71-76 cm
Height (Standing): 34.5"-37" | 88-94 cm
Length: 
43.5"-47" | 110-119 cm
Weight: 140-180 lb | 64-82 kg

Female:
Height (Withers): 26”-28” | 66-71 cm
Height (Standing): 32"-34.5" | 81-88 cm
Length: 
40"-43.5" | 102-110 cm
Weight: 120-140 lb | 54-64 kg

Size: Giant
Color:
Smooth or rough coat, red or mahogany coat with white, black face and ears
Temperament: Gentle giant, calm, patient, loyal, social
Uses: Working, rescue

Breed Size
Scientific Name
Lifespan
8-10 years

Drawings include:
Saint Bernard side elevation (standing), side (sitting), front (standing), front (sitting), laying down (side)

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Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Comparison diagram of the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound dog breed in relation to the height of a typical person

The cross between a Hanover hound and a Bavarian hound gave birth to the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound. This scent hound has origins in Germany, bred mainly to hunt wounded game. The dog has several traits: its relatively large ears are high set but heavily hanging against the head and rounded at the tips; its body is relatively longer than taller; its neck is medium length; its nose is black or tan. Besides, the chest is well-developed and the medium-length tail is hanging down and set high or carried level to the ground. The coat is short, dense, and red or tan. These features easily complement well with self-assuredness, devotion, and calmness, making it always wanting to be around humans.

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds have a withers height between 17”-21” (43-53 cm) and a typical weight in the range of 45-60 lb (20-27 kg). The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound has an overall body length of roughly 28”-34” (71-86 cm), standing height between 23”-28” (61-71 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-14 years.

Seated and standing side and front elevation drawings of the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound dog breed
The cross between a Hanover hound and a Bavarian hound gave birth to the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound. This scent hound has origins in Germany, bred mainly to hunt wounded game. The dog has several traits: its relatively large ears are high set but heavily hanging against the head with round tips.

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hounds have a withers height between 17”-21” (43-53 cm) and a typical weight in the range of 45-60 lb (20-27 kg). The Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound has an overall body length of roughly 28”-34” (71-86 cm), standing height between 23”-28” (61-71 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-14 years.

Seated and standing side and front elevation drawings of the Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound dog breed
Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound
Height:
23”-28” | 61-71 cm
Width:
Length:
28”-34” | 71-86 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
17”-21” | 43-53 cm
Weight:
45-60 lb | 20-27 kg
Area:

Withers Height (Male): 19”-21” | 48-53 cm

Withers Height (Female): 17”-19" | 43-48 cm

Breed Size
Scientific Name
Lifespan
10-14 years

Drawings include:

Bavarian Mountain Scent Hound side elevation (standing), front elevation (various), side (various)

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Miniature Bull Terrier
Comparison diagram of the Miniature Bull Terrier dog breed in relation to the height of a typical person

The Miniature Bull Terrier is a small, upbeat Bull Terrier; its ancestors are the extinct English White Terrier, the Dalmatian, and the Bulldog. The breed has a short, fine, and glossy coat that is close to the skin. Color variations are white, white with an additional color, or fully colored. Like the Bull Terrier, the Miniature Bull Terrier has an egg-shaped head; other characteristics are a Roman nose, triangular and closely set eyes, erect ears, and a horizontally carried tail. They are stubborn but loving dogs, and are great for people with limited space.

Miniature Bull Terriers have a withers height between 10”-14” (25-36 cm) and a typical weight in the range of 20-35 lb (9-16 kg). The Miniature Bull Terrier has an overall body length of roughly 18”-24” (46-61 cm), standing height between 13”-18” (33-46 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-14 years.

Seated and standing side and front elevation drawings of the Miniature Bull Terrier dog breed
The Miniature Bull Terrier is a small, upbeat Bull Terrier; its ancestors are the extinct English White Terrier, the Dalmatian, and the Bulldog. The breed has a short, fine, and glossy coat that is close to the skin. Color variations are white, white with an additional color, or fully colored.

Miniature Bull Terriers have a withers height between 10”-14” (25-36 cm) and a typical weight in the range of 20-35 lb (9-16 kg). The Miniature Bull Terrier has an overall body length of roughly 18”-24” (46-61 cm), standing height between 13”-18” (33-46 cm), and a typical lifespan of 10-14 years.

Seated and standing side and front elevation drawings of the Miniature Bull Terrier dog breed
Miniature Bull Terrier
Height:
13”-18” | 33-46 cm
Width:
Length:
18”-24” | 46-61 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
Weight:
20-35 lb | 9-16 kg
Area:

Withers Height (Male): 10”-14” | 25-36 cm

Withers Height (Female): 10”-14” | 25-36 cm

Breed Size
Scientific Name
Lifespan
10-14 years

Drawings include:

Miniature Bull Terrier side elevation (standing), front elevation (various), side (various)

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Löwchen
Size comparison illustration of the Löwchen dog breed compared to an average person

The Löwchen, also called the Little Lion Dog, is a small companion dog. The breed is known for its long wavy coat presented as a lion cut. The coat is thin and fluffy and fairly straight with waves; it comes in a variety of colors- sable, silver, cream, white, parti, Irish pied, chocolate, and red/gold. Other important features are the head with a wide muzzle, broad skull, lively round eyes, and pendulant ears. The breed is known to be friendly, active, and playful, and they make good house pets.

Löwchens have a withers height between 12”-14” (30-36 cm) and a typical weight in the range of 9-18 lb (4-9 kg). The Löwchen has an overall body length of roughly 18”-21” (46-53 cm), standing height between 17”-19” (43-48 cm), and a typical lifespan of 12-15 years.

Set of illustrations of the Löwchen in seated and standing positions viewed from the side and front profiles
The Löwchen, also called the Little Lion Dog, is a small companion dog. The breed is known for its long wavy coat presented as a lion cut. The coat is thin and fluffy and fairly straight with waves. The breed is known to be friendly, active, and playful, and they make good house pets.

Löwchens have a withers height between 12”-14” (30-36 cm) and a typical weight in the range of 9-18 lb (4-9 kg). The Löwchen has an overall body length of roughly 18”-21” (46-53 cm), standing height between 17”-19” (43-48 cm), and a typical lifespan of 12-15 years.

Set of illustrations of the Löwchen in seated and standing positions viewed from the side and front profiles
Löwchen
Height:
17”-19” | 43-48 cm
Width:
Length:
18”-21” | 46-53 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
12”-14” | 30-36 cm
Weight:
9-18 lb | 4-9 kg
Area:

Withers Height (Male): 13”-14” | 33-36 cm

Withers Height (Female): 12”-13” | 30-33 cm

Breed Size
Scientific Name
Lifespan
12-15 years

Drawings include:

Löwchen side elevation (standing), front elevation (various), side (various)

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