A group is a term used to describe a number of people or things that are placed, found, or classified together. As everyday forms of physical relationships between multiple people, group spatial dynamics are best witnessed in common public settings such as queuing lines, elevators, waiting areas, public transportation, and other spaces that require the sharing of space between strangers. The distances and proximity between people in group settings directly impacts one’s individually perceived level of physical and psychological privacy, safety, security, and happiness.

There are many different terms for describing groups, depending on the context. For example, a group of doves would be called a flock, a group of lions would be called a pride, and a group of humans who are related to each other would be called a family. Oftentimes, the term group implies that the people or things being grouped together are connected to each other in some way, though this is not always the case.

Why do people group together?

People group together as groups generally constrain, guide, and sustain humans. When people join a group, it satisfies the human need to belong, gain information, have a sense of self, and achieve goals. Groups are also important to society as a lot of important work is done by groups rather than individuals.

What are focus groups?

A focus group is a gathering of diverse people who participate in a facilitated discussion to gain feedback about a topic or area of interest. These discussions are typically held in an area that is non-threatening and are guided. Focus groups are not like interviews, but allow members to interact and influence each other during the discussion.

What are interest groups?

Interest groups, also known as pressure groups, are a group of individuals or organizations that are typically formally organized to influence public policy in their favor. All interest groups strive to affect government policy to benefit themselves or their cause. Interest groups generally try to achieve their goals by lobbying.

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Wheelchair Users - Front

Mixed assortment of drawings of male and female wheelchair users as viewed from a front elevation. Sitting in varied postures from active to passive, these front elevations of wheelchair users are helpful when illustrating and demonstrating required widths of spaces that account for accessibility.

Wheelchairs have a standard overall width of 25” (63.5 cm) and seated users range in height from 48”-53” (122-135 cm).

Collection of drawings of male and female Wheelchair Users illustrated from the front
Mixed assortment of drawings of male and female wheelchair users as viewed from a front elevation. Sitting in varied postures from active to passive, these front elevations of wheelchair users are helpful when illustrating and demonstrating required widths of spaces that account for accessibility.

Wheelchairs have a standard overall width of 25” (63.5 cm) and seated users range in height from 48”-53” (122-135 cm).

Collection of drawings of male and female Wheelchair Users illustrated from the front
Wheelchair Users - Front
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Wheelchair Width: 25” | 63.5 cm
Height (Human Sitting Overall): 48”-53” | 122-135 cm

Drawings include:
Wheelchair Users front elevation (male and female)

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Standing - 9 Year Olds
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Height (Average): 4’.5”-4’8.5” | 1.23-1.44 m
Style: Casual
Age: 9

Clothing Style
Gender
Age

Drawings include:
9 Year Old Children Standing front elevation (detail), front (outline)

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Wheelchair Users - Back

Collection of male and female wheelchair users drawn from the back elevation. Including multiple user positions, these back elevations of wheelchair users can be used to provide scale and context when meeting and designing required accessible widths in spaces.

Wheelchairs have a standard overall width of 25” (63.5 cm) and seated users range in height from 48”-53” (122-135 cm).

Drawings of male and female Wheelchair Users viewed from the back profile
Collection of male and female wheelchair users drawn from the back elevation. Including multiple user positions, these back elevations of wheelchair users can be used to provide scale and context when meeting and designing required accessible widths in spaces.

Wheelchairs have a standard overall width of 25” (63.5 cm) and seated users range in height from 48”-53” (122-135 cm).

Drawings of male and female Wheelchair Users viewed from the back profile
Wheelchair Users - Back
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Wheelchair Width: 25” | 63.5 cm
Height (Human Sitting Overall): 48”-53” | 122-135 cm

Drawings include:
Wheelchair Users back elevation (male and female)

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Standing - 6 Year Olds (Front)

Collection of assorted 6 year old boys and girls in front elevation with various casual standing postures and clothing. Helpful for understanding the height of 6 year old children when designing spaces such as learning environments, classrooms, and play areas for kids, these scaled drawings are useful when drawing architectural elevations and sections.

6 year old children have average heights between 44"-47” (111.7-119.4 cm). Outline silhouettes and detailed drawings available.

Illustration of assorted 6 year old kids drawn in front elevation
Collection of assorted 6 year old boys and girls in front elevation with various casual standing postures and clothing used to understand the height of 6 year old children when designing spaces for kids.

6 year old children have average heights between 44"-47” (111.7-119.4 cm). Outline silhouettes and detailed drawings available.

Illustration of assorted 6 year old kids drawn in front elevation
Standing - 6 Year Olds (Front)
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Height (Average): 3’8”-3’11” | 1.19-1.12 m
Style: Casual
Age: 6

Clothing Style
Gender
Age

Drawings include:
6 Year Old Children Standing front elevation (detail), front (outline)

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Wheelchair Users - Side

Collection of male and female wheelchair users drawn from the side elevation. Representing various postures that include moving, resting, and waiting, these side elevation drawings of wheelchair users should be incorporated into architectural drawings to ensure that consideration and space has been provided to meet accessibility demands.

Wheelchairs have a standard overall length/depth of 42” (106.7 cm) and seated users have an overall height between 48”-53” (122-135 cm).

Collection of drawings of assorted male and female Wheelchair Users viewed from the side elevation
Collection of male and female wheelchair users drawn from the side elevation. Representing various postures that include moving, resting, and waiting, these side elevation drawings of wheelchair users should be incorporated into architectural drawings to ensure that consideration is provided.

Wheelchairs have a standard overall length/depth of 42” (106.7 cm) and seated users have an overall height between 48”-53” (122-135 cm).

Collection of drawings of assorted male and female Wheelchair Users viewed from the side elevation
Wheelchair Users - Side
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Wheelchair Length | Depth: 42” | 106.7 cm
Height (Human Sitting Overall): 48”-53” | 122-135 cm

Drawings include:
Wheelchair Users side elevation (male and female)

Details & Downloads

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