Agriculture | Crops

Agricultural plants, also known as crops, are plant products that are typically grown and harvested as food for humans or sustenance for livestock. Critical to the development of sedentary human civilizations that gave rise to cities, the output of agricultural science has made it possible to create the food surpluses necessary for sustaining ever rising populations around the world. Plant crops range in uses from food crops to horticulture, floriculture, and industrial crops. In terms of global crop production, the largest yearly production crops by weight are sugarcane, maize, rice, wheat, and potatoes.

What is needed to plant crops?

Planting crops is a process that needs multiple steps. The steps include prepping the soil, checking the genetic potential of the seed, a fertilizer strategy, as well as the necessary equipment. The equipment that is necessary to plant crops are grain drills and a planter.

What are the three main crops?

The 3 main crops that are grown throughout the world include corn, wheat, and rice which are all grains. These crops typically make up the greater part of the world’s population diet and are known as food staples. Food staples are usually eaten regularly or sometimes daily.

When did farming begin?

Farming began about 12,000 years ago and became a catalyst for the way that people lived and society developed. After farming began the previous traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyles that were followed were pushed aside and disregarded in favor of permanent settlements as well as a reliable food supply.

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Agriculture Guides
Browse through our curated Agriculture Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Agriculture. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Wheat
Scale comparison of wheat to the size of a human

Wheat is a tall, annual, cereal plant whose grain is ground and used for the flour for producing bread, pasta, pastries, etc. Wheat is harvested in two seasons, a spring and winter wheat.

Wheat attains an average height of 4’ (1.2 m).

Elevation drawing of wheat with heights between 2'6"-4" | 76-122 cm
Wheat is a tall, annual, cereal plant whose grain is ground and used for the flour for producing bread, pasta, pastries, etc. Wheat is harvested in two seasons, a spring and winter wheat.

Wheat attains an average height of 4’ (1.2 m).

Elevation drawing of wheat with heights between 2'6"-4" | 76-122 cm
Wheat
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Genus: Triticum
Height: 2’-6’ | .6-1.8 m
Height (Average): 4’ | 1.2 m
Climate: Temperate
Harvest: Two season: spring & winter
Type: Grain
Uses: Flour for bread, pasta, pastry

Drawings include:
Wheat elevation

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Blue Agave | Tequila Agave
Size comparison drawing of a Blue | Tequila Agave to a human with dimensions for height

The Blue Agave (Tequila Agave), Agave tequilana, is an agave plant known for producing the base ingredient of the alcoholic drink, Tequila. The large succulent with spiky blue-green-silver leaves is what makes the Blue Agave (Tequila Agave) plant highly distinguishable.

The Blue Agave (Tequila Agave) is native to the Mexican states of Jalisco, Colima, Nayarit, and Aguascalientes, but can also be found in the southwestern United States as it prefers desert and dryland habitats. The lifespan of the Blue Agave (Tequila Agave) consists of 8 to 14 years making it short-lived. The agave of the plant is pollinated by insects, bats, and hummingbirds.

The Blue Agave (Tequila Agave), Agave tequilana, is an agave plant known for producing the base ingredient of the alcoholic drink, Tequila. The large succulent with spiky blue-green-silver leaves is what makes the Blue Agave (Tequila Agave) plant highly distinguishable.

Blue Agave | Tequila Agave
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Blue Agave | Tequila Agave elevation (person)

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Corn
Measured comparison of the height of corn stalks to humans

Corn, the most widely produced feed grain in the US, is generally harvested for two months between September and November.

Corn can grow between 8'-16' (2.4-4.9 m) tall

Collection of drawings of various corn stalks in a row
Corn, the most widely produced feed grain in the US, is generally harvested for two months between September and November.

Corn can grow between 8'-16' (2.4-4.9 m) tall

Collection of drawings of various corn stalks in a row
Corn
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Height: 8’-16’ | 2.4-4.9 m
Height (Average): 12’ | 3.7m

Drawings include:
Corn Stalk elevations

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Related Plants Collections
Plants