Plugs | Electrical Sockets

Plugs, electrical plugs, and electrical sockets provide electric equipment connection to the alternating current (AC) power supply in buildings and at other various sites and devices with power access. The plug is the mobile connecter that is a part of the electrically operated device, and the socket is on the equipment or building structure and connected to the electrical circuit. In the 1880s, plugs and sockets for portable appliances became widespread and replaced the connections to light sockets with wall-mounted outlets. Standard systems of plugs and sockets differ across the world, and as a result, electrical plugs and sockets are varied in voltage, current rating, shape, size, and connector type.

How do you install an electrical socket?

Installing a replacement electrical socket is simple. Install a replacement electrical socket by turning off the main power. Prepare the cables, strip the wires, and attach the Pigtail wires. Then connect the ground wire, and attach the neutral and hot wires to the receptacle. After attach the receptacle to the box and add cover plate over the electrical socket.

What is the line and the load in an outlet?

The line of an outlet is for the incoming power supply. The wires coming from an electrical panel should be connected to the line of the outlet. The load of an outlet is for power that is going out of the outlet. If you are installing other outlets, the other electrical wires should be connected to the load side of the outlet.

How do you tell if an electrical socket has power?

When you can’t tell if an electrical socket has power first try to plug in something else to see if the outlet works. If the electrical socket does not power anything it most likely has no power and its voltage should be tested with a multimeter. If no other electrical sockets are working it is most likely a problem with the circuit.

Electrical Plugs & Sockets

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Type M Plug & Socket

The Type M Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in South Africa. The Type M Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 15 A, voltage range of 100-240 V, and is compatible with plug type M.

The outer pins of the Type M Plug & Socket have a diameter of .28” (7.06 mm) and length of .73” (18.6 mm). The two pins are set 1” (25.4 mm) apart, while the earth pin is centered and spaced 1.13” (28.6 mm) vertically from the others. The earth pin has a diameter of .34” (8.7 mm) and length of 1.13” (28.6 mm).

Dimensioned elevation and plan drawings of the Type M Plug & Socket with spacing measurements
The Type M Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in South Africa. The Type M Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 15 A, voltage range of 100-240 V, and is compatible with plug type M.

The outer pins of the Type M Plug & Socket have a diameter of .28” (7.06 mm) and length of .73” (18.6 mm). The two pins are set 1” (25.4 mm) apart, while the earth pin is centered and spaced 1.13” (28.6 mm) vertically from the others. The earth pin has a diameter of .34” (8.7 mm) and length of 1.13” (28.6 mm).

Dimensioned elevation and plan drawings of the Type M Plug & Socket with spacing measurements
Type M Plug & Socket
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Pins: 3

Used in: South Africa

Compatibility: Type M

Amp Rating: 15 A

Circuit: Grounded

Voltage: 100-240 V


Pin Width: .28” | 7.06 mm


Pin Length: .73” | 18.6 mm

Earth Pin Width: .34” | 8.7 mm

Earth Pin Length: 1.13” | 28.6 mm

Pin Centers: 1” | 25.4 mm

Earth Pin Vertical Center: 1.13” | 28.6 mm

Drawings include:
Type M Plug & Socket socket elevation, plug plan, plug elevation

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Type D Plug & Socket

The Type D Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in India. The Type D Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 5 A, voltage range of 220-240 V, and is compatible with plug type D. This plug is unsafely partially compatibility with types C, E, and F

The outer pins of the Type D Plug & Socket have a width of .2” (5.08 mm) and length of .59” (14.9 mm). The two pins are set .75” (19 mm) apart, while the earth pin is centered and spaced .87” (22.2 mm) vertically from the others. The earth pin has a diameter of .28” (7.06 mm) and length of .81” (20.6 mm).

Dimensioned elevation and plan drawings of the Type D Plug & Socket with spacing measurements
The Type D Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in India. The Type D Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 5 A, voltage range of 220-240 V, and is compatible with plug type D.

The outer pins of the Type D Plug & Socket have a width of .2” (5.08 mm) and length of .59” (14.9 mm). The two pins are set .75” (19 mm) apart, while the earth pin is centered and spaced .87” (22.2 mm) vertically from the others. The earth pin has a diameter of .28” (7.06 mm) and length of .81” (20.6 mm).

Dimensioned elevation and plan drawings of the Type D Plug & Socket with spacing measurements
Type D Plug & Socket
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Pins: 3

Used in: India

Compatibility: Type D; unsafe partial compatibility with types C, E, and F

Amp Rating: 5 A

Circuit: Grounded

Voltage: 220-240 V


Pin Width: .2” | 5.08 mm

Pin Length: .59” | 14.9 mm

Earth Pin Width: .28” | 7.06 mm

Earth Pin Length: .81” | 20.6 mm

Pin Centers: .75” | 19 mm

Earth Pin Vertical Center: .87” | 22.2 mm

Drawings include:
Type D Plug & Socket socket elevation, plug plan, plug elevation

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Type N Plug & Socket

The Type N Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in Brazil and South Africa. The Type N Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 10 A and 20 A, voltage range of 220-240 V, and is compatible with plug types C and N.

The pins of the Type N Plug & Socket have a diameter of .16”-.19” (4-4.8 mm) and length of .75” (19 mm). The two outer pins are set .75” (19 mm) apart, while the earth pin is centered and spaced .12” (3 mm) vertically from the others.

Set of dimensioned drawings of the Type N Plug & Socket labeled in plan and elevation
The Type N Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in Brazil and South Africa. The Type N Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 10 A and 20 A, voltage range of 220-240 V, and is compatible with plug types C and N.

The pins of the Type N Plug & Socket have a diameter of .16”-.19” (4-4.8 mm) and length of .75” (19 mm). The two outer pins are set .75” (19 mm) apart, while the earth pin is centered and spaced .12” (3 mm) vertically from the others.

Set of dimensioned drawings of the Type N Plug & Socket labeled in plan and elevation
Type N Plug & Socket
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Pins: 3

Used in: Brazil and South Africa

Compatibility: Types C and N

Amp Rating: 10 A and 20 A

Circuit: Grounded

Voltage: 220-240 V


Pin Width: .16”-.19” | 4-4.8 mm

Pin Length: .75” | 19 mm

Pin Centers: .75” | 19 mm

Earth Pin Vertical Center: .12” | 3 mm

Drawings include:
Type N Plug & Socket socket elevation, plug plan, plug elevation

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Type L Plug & Socket

The Type L Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in Italy and Chile. The Type L Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 10 A and 16 A, and a voltage range of 220-240 V. The 10 A is compatible with types C and L, while the 16 A is compatible only with type L.

The pins of the Type L Plug & Socket have a diameter of .16”-.2” (4-5 mm), length of .75” (19 mm), and are fitted with a .39” (10 mm) insulating sleeve. The two outer pins are set .75”-1” (19-26 mm) apart.

Pair of elevation and plan drawings of the 10 A Type L Plug & Socket with included dimensions
The Type L Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in Italy and Chile. The Type L Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 10 A and 16 A, and a voltage range of 220-240 V. The 10 A is compatible with types C and L, while the 16 A is compatible only with type L.

The pins of the Type L Plug & Socket have a diameter of .16”-.2” (4-5 mm), length of .75” (19 mm), and are fitted with a .39” (10 mm) insulating sleeve. The two outer pins are set .75”-1” (19-26 mm) apart.

Pair of elevation and plan drawings of the 10 A Type L Plug & Socket with included dimensions
Type L Plug & Socket
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Pins: 3

Used in: Italy and Chile

Compatibility: 10 A socket compatibility with types C and L; 16 A socket compatibility with type L
Amp Rating: 10 A and 16 A
Circuit: Grounded

Voltage: 220-240 V


Pin Width: .16”-.2” | 4-5 mm

Pin Length: .75” | 19 mm
Pin Centers: .75”-1” | 19-26 mm

Drawings include:
Type L Plug & Socket 10 A & 16 A socket elevation, plug plan, plug elevation

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Type J Plug & Socket

The Type J Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The Type J Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 10 A, voltage range of 220-240 V, and is compatible with plug types C and J.

The pins of the Type J Plug & Socket have a width of .2” (5 mm), length of .75” (19 mm), and are fitted with a .39” (10 mm) insulating sleeve. The two outer pins are set .75” (19 mm) apart, while the earth pin is centered and spaced .2” (5 mm) vertically from the others.

Dimensioned elevation and plan drawings of the Type J Plug & Socket with spacing measurements
The Type J Plug & Socket is a 3 plug socket primarily used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The Type J Plug & Socket is grounded, has an amp rating of 10 A, voltage range of 220-240 V, and is compatible with plug types C and J.

The pins of the Type J Plug & Socket have a width of .2” (5 mm), length of .75” (19 mm), and are fitted with a .39” (10 mm) insulating sleeve. The two outer pins are set .75” (19 mm) apart, while the earth pin is centered and spaced .2” (5 mm) vertically from the others.

Dimensioned elevation and plan drawings of the Type J Plug & Socket with spacing measurements
Type J Plug & Socket
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Pins: 3

Used in: Switzerland and Liechtenstein

Compatibility: Types C and J

Amp Rating: 10 A

Circuit: Grounded

Voltage: 220-240 V


Pin Width: .2” | 5 mm
Pin Length: .75” | 19 mm

Pin Centers: .75” | 19 mm
Earth Pin Vertical Center: .2” | 5 mm

Drawings include:
Type J Plug & Socket socket elevation, plug plan, plug elevation

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