Wine storage is a design consideration for anyone looking to keep a long-term wine collection. When storing wine to improve its flavor and value, proper storage conditions must be maintained or the wine will actually deteriorate in quality. The three critical factors that directly impact the aging of wine are light, humidity, and temperature. Because of these important requirements, wine was traditionally stored in underground cellars, but today there are many custom fixtures and enclosure systems dedicated to meeting proper wine storage requirements.
A wine rack should be at least 14.5 inches (37 cm) to store wine horizontally and adequately. The average wine bottle is 12 inches (30.5 cm) tall. How deep a wine rack is also depends on its design and affects how much of the wine bottle is exposed.
There are three main instances when you should rack wine. One is when moving wine from the primary fermenter to the secondary fermenter. Also while moving wine from the secondary fermenter to a bulk aging vessel, and lastly wine should be racked after fermentation for clarity or so it doesn’t have too much of an oak flavor.
Start to build your wine rack by measuring the height and width of the space where the wine rack will be located. Then cut your materials to your desired custom dimensions. Afterwards cut your interlocking wood panels, and sand the wood wine racks and paint if desired. Assemble your pieces with a nail gun or wood glue, and you are finished.