Fixed Windows | Picture Windows
Fixed Windows are the types of windows, or openings within a wall, door, or roof, that are completely permanent and flush thus not letting users open them. The sole function of Fixed Windows is to let light enter and has a limited function in comparison to operable windows. Fixed Windows are utilized when only light is needed and any ventilation requirements can be met through vents. Fixed Windows are often produced for decorative purposes to be placed on a door or within ornamental architecture. Fixed Windows can have different frame finishes to suit the space where they will be placed in.
Fixed windows have been a fundamental aspect of architecture for centuries. The ancient Egyptians and Romans used small fixed windows to allow light in while protecting from the elements. In the Middle Ages, ornamental fixed windows were a feature of churches and castles. The Industrial Revolution brought about mass production of large, plate glass fixed windows in buildings, which continue to this day. Modern advancements in glass technology have allowed for even larger and more energy-efficient fixed windows, with designs ranging from sleek and minimalist to ornate and decorative.
Picture windows provide a large, unobstructed view of the outdoors while allowing natural light to enter a room. Picture windows are fixed and do not open, so they are often used in spaces where ventilation is not a priority, such as living rooms, dining rooms, or areas with other operable windows. They are designed to maximize views and can be customized with different shapes and sizes to suit a variety of architectural styles.
Fixed windows are generally more energy-efficient than operable windows because they lack moving parts or gaps between the sash and frame that can allow for air leakage and energy loss. They can be designed with airtight seals and insulating materials to improve their efficiency. However, the energy efficiency of fixed windows depends on several factors, including materials, installation, and glazing. Double or triple-pane insulated glass can further improve efficiency.
Fixed windows can be larger than casement windows because they do not have any mechanical parts or mechanisms to open and close, which can add weight and limit the size of the window. Since fixed windows are stationary, their frames can be made larger to support the weight of the glass. Casement windows, on the other hand, have hinges and hardware that must support the weight of the glass, making it more difficult to manufacture them in large sizes.