Beer Pong | Beirut

Beer Pong, otherwise known as Beirut, is a popular drinking game where players are challenged to throw a standard ping pong ball into the opposing team's beer filled (or water filled) cups from the end of a table. Typically consisting of teams of two players, Beer Pong games begin with either six or ten cups organized, or racked, in a triangle formation on either end of the table. If a player successfully lands a ball within a cup, that cup is to be consumed and removed from the table. The game finishes when all cups have been eliminated.

How do you play beer pong?

A game of beer pong is played with two teams throwing ping pong balls (table tennis balls) into the opposing team’s cups. When a cup is made, a player on the team must drink the contents and remove the cup. The game is finished when a team successfully removes all of the other team’s cups.


Who invented beer pong?

No one person is credited with inventing beer pong as the game was created as a variant of Beirut. In a game of Beirut, players use table tennis paddles to hit balls into cups. Beer pong evolved out of Beirut during the 70s and 80s when the popularity of basketball inspired players to throw the ping pong balls into cups instead of using paddles.

How do you set up a game of beer pong?

Beer pong games are setup as either 6 cup or 10 cup games. Each team must organize their cups in a triangle formation at their end of the table. Two additional cups filled with water (water cups) should be included to clean the ping pong balls between throws.

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Beer Pong | Beirut

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Ping Pong Balls
Drawing with dimensions for diameter and circumference of a Table Tennis | Ping Pong ball with three-stars

Table Tennis | Ping pong balls are spherical polymer balls fabricated specifically for the sport. Established under international rules at a diameter of 1.57” | 40 mm (circumference of 4.94” | 125.6 mm) and mass of .095 oz| 2.7 g, ping pong balls are colored as either white or orange depending on the table surface and game style. White balls are official tournament balls and pair well with blue or green tables, while orange balls are used for casual games as they are easier to see in most settings. Table tennis balls are rated with a star system to denote quality—one star being the softest and easiest to break while three stars is the most durable and approved for tournament play. The official table ping pong ball has changed over the years from a composition of celluloid to polymer and from a size of 1.5” | 38 mm to 1.57” | 40 mm.

Table Tennis | Ping pong balls are spherical polymer balls fabricated at a diameter of 1.57” | 40 mm (circumference of 4.94” | 125.6 mm) and mass of .095 oz| 2.7 g. White balls are official tournament balls, while orange balls are used for casual games as they are easier to see in most settings.

Ping Pong Balls
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Diameter: 1.57” | 40 mm
Circumference: 4.94” | 125.6 mm
Mass: .095 oz | 2.7 g
Material: Polymer (previously celluloid)
Color: White or orange

Drawings include:
Table Tennis | Ping Pong Ball plan/elevation

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Beer Pong Racks & Re-Racks
Diagram drawing of all the possible Beer Pong Racks and Reracks available from 10 cups down to 1 cup formations

Beer pong racks, and subsequent re-racks, refer to the organization and formation of the beer pong cups on the table. Starting out with cups organized in triangular racks of 6 or 10 cups on both sides of the beer pong table, players must drink and remove any cups that have been successfully made by the opposing team. Depending on the rules established for the game, both teams are allowed one or two re-racks at the start of their turn. Re-racks are an opportunity to reorganize the remaining cups into a shape that is more desirable and/or an easier target for the team shooting. Re-rack rules in beer pong often vary, so it is always best to ask about the re-rack rules before starting a game.

Beer pong racks, and subsequent re-racks, refer to the organization and formation of the beer pong cups on the table. Starting out with cups in triangular racks of 6 or 10 cups on both sides of the table, players must drink and remove any cups that have been successfully made by the opposing team.

Beer Pong Racks & Re-Racks
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Typical Start: 10 or 6 cup
Re-Rack Rules: 1 or 2 Re-Racks per team at the start of the round

Drawings include:
Beer Pong Racks plan view (collection)

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Beer Pong Shot Techniques

Beer pong shot techniques refer to the various styles and rules of throwing the ping pong ball in a game of beer pong. Varying with team strategies and individual personal quirks when throwing the ball, the way you throw the ball has a direct impact on the game. Regardless of the shot type, players must throw the ball with their elbow behind the back edge of the table—this is referred to as the Elbow Rule. The three main throwing techniques used by beer pong players are the arc shot, the fastball or laser shot, and the bounce shot.

Arc shots are released higher and drop into the cups from above while fastball shots are thrown in a line directly at the back of the target cup. On the other hand, the bounce shot requires that the player bounces the ball beyond the center line of the table and into a cup in a single bounce. Opposing teams that see a player attempting a bounce shot have the opportunity to swat the ball away from the beer pong table after it bounces. Because bounce shots are difficult to sneak by the opposing team, successful bounce shots count as two cups.

Side elevation diagram illustrating typical Beer Pong Shot Techniques that include arc, laser, and bounce shots
Beer pong shot techniques refer to the various styles and rules of throwing the ping pong ball in a game of beer pong. The three main throwing techniques used by beer pong players are the arc shot, the fastball or laser shot, and the bounce shot.

Side elevation diagram illustrating typical Beer Pong Shot Techniques that include arc, laser, and bounce shots
Beer Pong Shot Techniques
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Arc: From above
Fastball | Laser: Straight and fast
Bounce: Beyond center line (2 Cups if successful)

Elbow Rule: Elbow cannot pass the table edge

Drawings include:
Beer Pong Shot Techniques side elevation diagram (people)

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Beer Pong Cups

Beer pong cups are common plastic party cups used for playing the party game of beer pong. Official regulated by the rules of beer pong as being 16 oz cups in size (though 18 oz cups are also often used), red plastic party cups, specifically red SOLO cups, are iconically known to be the standard cups used for playing the beer pong. Beer pong games start with both teams have their beer pong cups arranged in triangular racks of either 10 or 6 cups. 16 oz beer pong cups have a top diameter of 3 5/8” (82 mm), a height of 4 5/8” (117 mm), and a base width of 2 1/4” (57 mm).

With beer pong being played with a typical 1.57” (40 mm) ping pong ball, the beer pong ball is approximately 23% of the total open area at the top of the beer pong cup.

Dimensioned elevation drawings and diagrams of Beer Pong Cups and Ping Pong Balls measuring cup opening
Beer pong cups are common plastic party cups used for playing beer pong. Official regulated as being 16 oz cups in size (though 18 oz cups are also often used), red plastic party cups, specifically red SOLO cups, are iconically known to be the standard cups used for playing the beer pong.

Dimensioned elevation drawings and diagrams of Beer Pong Cups and Ping Pong Balls measuring cup opening
Beer Pong Cups
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Cup:
Top Width: 3 5/8” | 92 mm
Height: 4 5/8” | 117 mm
Base Width: 2 1/4” | 57 mm
Volume: 16 oz (official) or 18 oz | .47 L or .53 L

Beer Pong Ball:
Diameter: 1.57” | 40 mm

Drawings include:
Beer Pong Cup side elevation, plan (Ping Pong Ball), plan (10 cup rack), plan (6 cup rack)

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Beer Pong Tables - Large

Large Beer Pong Tables are wider than average tables used for playing beer pong. Typically designed and used in settings that don’t require the tables to be easily transportable, large beer pong tables are often found in personal homes, college fraternities and sororities, and bars. Because of the personal nature of these larger beer pong tables they are painted and customized by their owners. Like official beer pong tables, large beer pong tables are 8’ (2.44 m) long and 27.5” (70 cm) tall with variable widths between 4’-5’ (1.2-1.5 m). The standard distance between the front two cups in a 10 cup game is roughly 65” (165 cm).

Elevation illustration of two girls playing Beer Pong on a large fixed beer pong table
Large Beer Pong Tables are wider than average tables used for playing beer pong. Typically designed and used in settings that don’t require the tables to be easily transportable, large beer pong tables are 8’ (2.44 m) long and 27.5” (70 cm) tall, with widths that may vary from 4’-5’ (1.2-1.5 m).

Elevation illustration of two girls playing Beer Pong on a large fixed beer pong table
Beer Pong Tables - Large
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Length: 8’ (96”) | 2.44 m
Width: 4’-5’ | 122-152 m
Height: 27.5” | 70 cm
Front Cup Distance: 65” | 165 cm

Drawings include:
Beer Pong Table - Large side elevation, side (people), plan

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