Football (EU/International), or soccer (US), is a team sport where points are scored by kicking a ball through a goal. A common game enjoyed and shared by hundreds of millions of people around the world, nearly anyone can participate in the sport because the only equipment required is a ball. Professional football is regulated internationally by FIFA (International Federation of Association Football), which coordinates male and female international FIFA World Cup tournaments every four years.

How long is a soccer game?

Soccer games are made up of two 45 minute halves with a halftime rest period of 15 minutes. Additional stoppage time is commonly added to the end of each half at the discretion of the referee to make up for any lost time due to game delays. If the game cannot end in a tie (commonly during an elimination tournament), two additional 15 minute overtime periods are added to the game with the possibility of a final penalty kick round if the game still remains tied. Soccer games commonly last roughly two hours.

How many players are on a soccer team?

Each soccer team is allowed to have a maximum of 11 players on the pitch at a single time. Teams are able to have a bench of additional players that ranges from 3 to 12 substitute players.


Who invented soccer?

England invented the modern game of football (soccer). Though there were similar types of football sports dating thousands of years in the past, the English were the first to create the uniform rule set for the sport that is played around the world today.

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Football | Soccer

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Football | Soccer Balls
Diagram comparing Football | Soccer ball Sizes 1-5 sized for the maturity of players at various ages and skills

Footballs (Soccer balls) come in a series of successive sizes. The underlying reason for the variety of different soccer ball sizes is for the smooth and safe development of young players as they grow in skill and age. Set by the football federations around the world, using smaller ball sizes for younger players reduces the risk that the ball would hurt them during play. Matching the appropriate ball size to the age of the player is safer on a players body as they may injure their ligaments and tendons by kicking a larger ball before their body has matured. Compare the various sizes here to help determine which official football (soccer ball) size is right for you.

Illustration comparing the ages and types of players for each sequential football | soccer ball size
Footballs (soccer balls) come in a series of successive sizes. The underlying reason for the variety of different soccer ball sizes is for the smooth and safe development of young players as they grow in skill and age.

Illustration comparing the ages and types of players for each sequential football | soccer ball size
Football | Soccer Balls
Height:
27”-28” | 68-70 cm
Width:
Length:
Depth:
8.6”-9” | 22-23 cm
Weight:
14-16 oz | 400-450 g
Area:

Size 5 (Adult): Ages 13+
Size 4 (Youth):
 Ages 8-12
Size 3 (Junior):
 8 and under
Size 2 (Mini-Ball/Skills Ball):
 4 and under
Size 1 (Mini-Ball/Skills Ball):
 All ages
Pressure: 8.5-15.6 psi

Materials
Synthetic leather around rubber bladder

Drawings include:
Football | Soccer Ball Size 5, Size 4, Size 3, Size 2, Size 1

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Football | Soccer Goal

Football goals (soccer goals) are located at the center of each opposing goal line of a football pitch and are the boundaries for scoring points (goals) in the game of football. Goals are constructed from wood, metal or any other approved material, painted white, and are typically capped with nets for catching the ball after a goal.

The goal is made of two vertical goal posts at 12’ (3.66 m) from center (24’ | 7.32 m total) and connected by a horizontal crossbar 8’ (2.44 m) high.

Dimensioned drawing of a football (soccer) goal with a goalie diving for the ball
Football goals (soccer goals) are located at the center of each opposing goal line of a football pitch and are the boundaries for scoring points (goals) in the game of football. Goals are constructed from wood, metal or any other approved material, painted white, and are capped with nets.

The goal is made of two vertical goal posts at 12’ (3.66 m) from center (24’ | 7.32 m total) and connected by a horizontal crossbar 8’ (2.44 m) high.

Dimensioned drawing of a football (soccer) goal with a goalie diving for the ball
Football | Soccer Goal
Height:
8’ | 2.44 m (Inner Crossbar)
Width:
24’ | 7.32 m (Inner Posts)
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
Materials
Wood, metal, or other approved

Drawings include:
Football | Soccer Goal front elevation, front (goalie)

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Football Pitch | Field

Football fields, or football pitches, are the rectangular playing surfaces used for the sport of football (soccer). While grass is the typical playing surface, football can also be played on artificial turf or informally on dirt surfaces. The long length of the field, bounded by the touchlines, must be between 295’-394’ | 90-120 m, while the shorter width, defined by the goal lines, is between 148’-295’ | 45-90 m. Goals are located on the center of each opposing goal line and are 24’ | 7.32 m wide. The football pitch is split with a half-way line and a center circle with a radius of 30’ | 9.15 m.

Other crucial areas of the football field include the goal area and the penalty area/marks. The goal area is a rectangular zone centered on the goal starting 18’ | 5.5 m out from both goalposts and extending 18’ | 5.5 m into the pitch. Around this area is the larger penalty area that is 54’ | 16.5 m from the posts and 54’ | 16.5 m out. For penalty kicks, the penalty mark is centered at 36’ | 11 m from the goal. A circular penalty arc extends at a radius of 30’ | 9.15 m from the penalty mark. Corner radii are set at 3’ | .9 m.

Plan drawing of a Football | Soccer Field | Pitch with dimensions
Football fields, or pitches, are rectangular playing surfaces used for the sport of football (soccer). The long length of the field must be between 295’-394’ | 90-120 m, while the shorter width is between 148’-295’ | 45-90 m. Goals are located on each opposing goal line and are 24’ | 7.32 m wide.

Plan drawing of a Football | Soccer Field | Pitch with dimensions
Football Pitch | Field
Height:
Width:
148’-295’ | 45-90 m
Length:
295’-394’ | 90-120 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Center Circle (Radius): 30’ | 9.15 m
Goal Area: 18’ | 5.5 m from goal edge, 18’ | 5.5 m from front
Penalty Area: 54’ | 16.5 m from goal edge, 54’ | 16.5 m from front
Penalty Mark: 36’ | 11 m centered from goal
Penalty Arc: 30’ | 9.15 m from penalty mark
Corners (Radius): 3’ | .9 m

Materials
Grass, artificial turf, dirt

Drawings include:
Football | Soccer Field | Pitch plan

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