Track and Field is a collection of sporting contests based on the universal human athletic skills of running, jumping, and throwing. Occurring within the central space of an oval running track or on the track itself, the competitions that make up Track and Field meets are some of the oldest sports in history and remain the core competitions of the Summer Olympic Games. Track and Field events are split into three main categories: track events (running), field events (throwing and jumping), and combined events (decathlons with a single athlete performing in multiple events).

Which track and field events are performed on the running track?

Running tracks are used for sprints (100m, 200m, 400m), middle distance runs (800m, 1500m), long distance runs (3km Steeplechase, 5km, 10km), hurdles (110/100m, 400m), and relays (4x100m, 4x400m).

Which track and field events are performed in the field?

Field based events in track and field include both jumping and throwing events. Jumping events include the Long Jump, Triple Jump, High Jump, and Pole Vault. Throwing events include the Shot Put, Discus Throw, Javelin Throw, and Hammer Throw.

When were the first Olympic Games held?

The first Olympic Games occurred in 776 BC in Olympia, Greece and only included the stadion race which was a 590’ | 180 m footrace.


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Track & Field Guides
Browse through our curated Track & Field Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Track & Field. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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5’6” | 1.68 m
November 18, 1985
Allyson Felix
168.000
1985.00
38000
3D
Allyson Felix
6’2” | 1.88 m
July 1, 1961
Carl Lewis
188.000
1961.00
20000
3D
Carl Lewis
5’11” | 1.80 m
September 12, 1913
Jesse Owens
180.000
1913.00
55000
3D
Jesse Owens
6’5” | 1.96 m
August 21, 1986
Usain Bolt
196.000
1986.00
130000
3D
Usain Bolt
300m Running Track

300m Running Tracks are specialized rubber running surfaces used for Track and Field competitions with lanes designed to be 300m in length from start to finish. An uncommon track size due to running events typically being performed in 100m, 200m, and 400m lengths, 300m Running Tracks are typically found in circumstances where a full 400m track could not be built within a space. To make up for the odd length, 300m Running Tracks have multiple starting locations for completing the various sprint lengths. 300m Running Tracks have an inner radius of 114’2” | 34.8 m, an overall length of 423’9” | 129.16 m, width of 292’5” | 89.12 m, and area of 110,922 ft2 | 10,305 m2. All running tracks have lane widths of 4’ | 1.22 m.

Dimensioned drawing of a 300m running track with starting scratch lines for 100m, 200m, 300m and 400m races
300m Running Tracks are specialized rubber surfaces used for Track and Field competitions with lanes designed to be 300m in length from start to finish. An uncommon track size, 300m Running Tracks are typically found in circumstances where a full 400m track could not be built.

Dimensioned drawing of a 300m running track with starting scratch lines for 100m, 200m, 300m and 400m races
300m Running Track
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Length (Overall): 423’9” | 129.16 m
Width (Overall): 292’5” | 89.12 m
Area (Overall): 110,922 ft2 | 10,305 m2
Radius (Inner): 114’2” | 34.8 m
Length (Center): 131’4” | 40.04 m
Lane Width: 4’ | 1.22 m
Races: 100m, 200m, 300m, 400m

Birthday

Drawings include:
Track & Field 300m Running Track plan

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400m Running Track

400m Running Tracks are specialized all-weather rubberized running surfaces used for an assortment of Track and Field competitions. With lanes designed to be 400m in length from start to finish, 400m Running Tracks are the most commonly used track size that can easily accommodate for competitive sprint lengths of 100m, 200m, and 400m. 400m Running Tracks have an inner radius of 119’9” | 36.5 m, an overall length of 580’5” | 176.91 m, width of 303’6” | 92.5 m, and area of 157,092 ft2 | 14,594 m2. All running tracks have lane widths of 4’ | 1.22 m.

Dimensioned drawing of a regulation 400m running track with measurements for starting scratch lines for 200m and 400m races
400m Running Tracks are rubberized running surfaces used for various Track and Field competitions. With lanes designed to be 400m in length from start to finish, 400m Running Tracks are the most commonly used tracks that can easily accommodate for competitive sprint lengths of 100m, 200m, and 400m.

Dimensioned drawing of a regulation 400m running track with measurements for starting scratch lines for 200m and 400m races
400m Running Track
Height:
Width:
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Length (Overall): 580’5” | 176.91 m
Width (Overall): 303’6” | 92.5 m
Area (Overall): 157,092 ft2 | 14,594 m2
Radius (Inner): 119’9” | 36.5 m
Length (Center): 276’ 10” | 84.39 m
Lane Width: 4’ | 1.22 m
Races: 100m, 200m, 400m

Birthday

Drawings include:
Track & Field 400m Running Track plan

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Allyson Felix
Series of scaled illustrations comparing the height of Allyson Felix with other related runners

America's Allyson Felix is the most decorated female track and field sprinter with nine Olympic gold medals in the 400, 200, and 100 meters. She is a three-time world champion and two-time silver medalist in 200 meters. Allyson is also a World champion, World silver medalist, Olympic silver medalist, and World bronze medalist in 400 meters. Allyson is the record holder in women's 4*100 meters besides holding the most gold medals and career medals at thirteen and fourteen respectively in World Athletics Championship history. She also received the Jesse Owens award five times for her achievements in the World Youth Championship, Pan American Games, Diamond League, Olympic Games, and World Championship.

Allyson Felix has a height of 5’6” (1.68 m).

Drawings of Allyson Felix in a range of track and field positions labeled with overall height
America's Allyson Felix is the most decorated female track and field sprinter with nine Olympic gold medals in the 400, 200, and 100 meters. She is a three-time world champion and two-time silver medalist in 200 meters.

Allyson Felix has a height of 5’6” (1.68 m).

Drawings of Allyson Felix in a range of track and field positions labeled with overall height
Allyson Felix
Height:
5’6” | 1.68 m
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Nationality: United States

Years Active: 2001—

Birthday
November 18, 1985

Drawings include:
Allyson Felix standing, running (various)

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Usain Bolt
Scaled height comparison illustration of Usain Bolt in relation to other runners

His dream of being a football star might have gone up in smoke, but the former Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt still holds the tag as the greatest sprinter alive. Bolt became famous in the 2008 Beijing Olympics for his double sprint victory, giving him the name "lightning Bolt." As the greatest sprinter in history, Bolt holds world records in 100, 200, and 4*100-meter relays. He is an eight-time Olympic gold medalist and eleven-time World Champion, besides being the most successful athlete in 200m with four World titles, three Olympic titles, and three titles in 100 meters. Bolt has won the Laureus Sportsman of the Year award four times, Track and Field Athlete of the Year, International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF) World Athlete of the Year, and BBC Overseas Sports Personality of the Year three times.

Usain Bolt has a height of 6’5” (1.96 m).

Group of drawings of Usain Bolt in a range of track and field positions labeled with overall height
His dream of being a football star might have gone up in smoke, but the former Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt still holds the tag as the greatest sprinter alive. Bolt became famous in the 2008 Beijing Olympics for his double sprint victory, giving him the name "lightning Bolt."

Usain Bolt has a height of 6’5” (1.96 m).

Group of drawings of Usain Bolt in a range of track and field positions labeled with overall height
Usain Bolt
Height:
6’5” | 1.96 m
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Nationality: Jamaica
Years Active: 2004-2017

Birthday
August 21, 1986

Drawings include:
Usain Bolt standing, running (various)

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Carl Lewis
Scaled height comparison illustration of Carl Lewis in relation to other runners

Former American field and track athlete Carl Lewis was a dominant sprinter and long jumper who dominated the long jumps, 100 meters, and 200 meters. He holds the world record for indoor long jump, defending an Olympic long jump, and ten World championships. Carl holds nine Olympic gold medals and one Olympic silver medal. His success has made him voted as the "Olympian of the Century," "Sportsman of the Century," and "World Athlete of the Century." Besides, he was named three times as "Athlete of the Year," and among three athletes who took gold medals in four consecutive Olympic games. Carl has been admitted into the Texas Track and Field Coaches Association Hall of Fame and the New Jersey Hall of Fame.

Carl Lewis has a height of 6’2” (1.88 m).

Group of drawings of Carl Lewis in a range of track and field positions labeled with overall height
Former American field and track athlete Carl Lewis was a dominant sprinter and long jumper who dominated the long jumps, 100 meters, and 200 meters. He holds the world record for indoor long jump, defending an Olympic long jump, and ten World championships. Carl holds nine Olympic gold medals.

Carl Lewis has a height of 6’2” (1.88 m).

Group of drawings of Carl Lewis in a range of track and field positions labeled with overall height
Carl Lewis
Height:
6’2” | 1.88 m
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Length:
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Nationality: United States

Years Active: 1980-1997

Birthday
July 1, 1961

Drawings include:
Carl Lewis standing, running (various)

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