Volleyball is a team sport in which players use their hands to hit a volleyball over the net in an attempt to land the ball on the opponent’s ground. Each team of six players has a maximum of three consecutive touches, a rally, to attempt to return the ball across the net. Points are scored when a team makes a kill by grounding the ball on the opponent’s side or if a player makes a fault or foul. Common strategies used in volleyball are spiking and blocking the ball at the net which both highlight a player’s height and vertical abilities. Volleyball is played on both indoor courts and beach courts that are both sanctioned as official Olympic variants of the sport.

Who invented volleyball?

Volleyball was invented by William G. Morgan in 1895 as a game that conceptually combined various aspects of tennis, badminton, basketball, baseball, and handball. The original name for volleyball was ‘mintonette’ which was a spin-off of the name badminton.

How many players are on a volleyball team?


Volleyball teams consist of six players on the court at any one time with a maximum of twelve total players listed on the roster. Beach volleyball is played with teams of two.

How long is a volleyball game?

The average volleyball game lasts between 60-90 minutes with each individual game lasting roughly 20-25 minutes. Volleyball is not timed and a game is only completed when a team has won three games out of five possible games.

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Volleyball Guides
Browse through our curated Volleyball Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Volleyball. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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6’4” | 1.93 m
February 12, 1991
Earvin N’Gapeth
193.000
1991.00
11000
3D
Earvin N’Gapeth
6’6” | 1.98 m
August 25, 1989
Facundo Conte
198.000
1989.00
4100
3D
Facundo Conte
6’.5” | 1.84 m
January 10, 1979
Francesca Piccinini
184.000
1979.00
22000
3D
Francesca Piccinini
6’3” | 1.91 m
January 6, 1970
Gabrielle Reece
191.000
1970.00
96000
3D
Gabrielle Reece
6’8” | 2.03 m
October 2, 1988
Ivan Zaytsev
203.000
1988.00
27000
3D
Ivan Zaytsev
6’1” | 1.85 m
December 31, 1983
Jaqueline Carvalho
185.000
1983.00
13000
3D
Jaqueline Carvalho
8.15”-8.39” | 20.7-21.3 cm (Diameter)
9-10 oz | 260-280 g
Volleyball
21.300
0.280
5800
https://p3d.in/e/rUtQT
3D
VolleyballPerspective view of a 3D model of a VolleyballPerspective view of a 3D model of a Volleyball
Volleyball Attack
5250
3D
Volleyball Attack
Volleyball Block
1500
3D
Volleyball Block
Volleyball Bump
30
3D
Volleyball Bump
29.5' | 9 m
59’ | 18 m
1,743 ft2 | 161 m2
Volleyball Court
900.000
1800.000
161.00
37000
https://p3d.in/e/qEXKl
3D
Volleyball CourtView of a Volleyball Court in 3D available for downloadView of a Volleyball Court in 3D available for download
Volleyball Dig
1600
3D
Volleyball Dig
Volleyball Dive
200
3D
Volleyball Dive
Volleyball Jump Serve
350
3D
Volleyball Jump Serve
7’4.35"-7’ 11.7” | 2.24-2.43 m
36’ | 10.97 m (Total)
.16" | 4 mm
Volleyball Net
243.000
1097.000
0.400
20000
https://p3d.in/e/crCQZ
3D
Volleyball Net3D model of a Volleyball Net viewed in perspective3D model of a Volleyball Net viewed in perspective
Volleyball Set
3400
3D
Volleyball Set
Volleyball Underhand Serve
300
3D
Volleyball Underhand Serve
Gabrielle Reece
Set of scaled height illustrations of various volleyball players compared to Gabrielle Reece

Gabrielle Reece, born January 6, 1970, is an American professional volleyball player. Outside of her volleyball career, she is a sports announcer, fashion model, and actress. Reece played volleyball at Florida State University, and while there, she set two school volleyball records in solo blocks (240) and total blocks (747). After graduation she played on professional volleyball tours for many years. For four consecutive years Reece was the WBVL kills leader from 1993-1996. From 1994-95 she was named the Offensive Player of the Year, and the League blocks leader in 1993. Reece competed in the 1999-2000 Olympic Challenge Series and the 1999-2000 FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour.

Gabrielle Reece has a height of 6’3” (1.91 m).

Collection of drawings of Gabrielle Reece measured with overall height
Gabrielle Reece, born January 6, 1970, is an American professional volleyball player. Outside of her volleyball career, she is a sports announcer, fashion model, and actress. Reece played volleyball at Florida State University, and while there, she set two school volleyball records in blocks.

Gabrielle Reece has a height of 6’3” (1.91 m).

Collection of drawings of Gabrielle Reece measured with overall height
Gabrielle Reece
Height:
6’3” | 1.91 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
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Nationality: United States

Years Active: 1993-2000

Birthday
January 6, 1970

Drawings include:
Gabrielle Reece standing, jumping, passing

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Volleyball Court

Volleyball Courts are flat horizontal playing surfaces sized for the game of volleyball. Indoor volleyball court surfaces are required to be made of resilient wood flooring or poured with a synthetic urethane. The size of an indoor volleyball court is the same as an outdoor court.

Volleyball courts are regulated at 59’ (18 m) in length with a width of 29.5' (9 m). Attack lines dividing the front and back rows are marked 9’10” (3 m) parallel to the net. Free zones at a minimum of 9’10” (3 m) are required around the entirety of the court with generous clearances up to 16’5” (5 m) on the sides and 21’4” (6.5 m) in the back.

Dimensioned drawing of a regulation volleyball court illustrating measurements and sizes of play
Volleyball Courts are flat horizontal playing surfaces sized for the game of volleyball. Indoor volleyball court surfaces are required to be made of resilient wood flooring or poured with a synthetic urethane. The size of an indoor volleyball court is the same as an outdoor court.

Volleyball courts are regulated at 59’ (18 m) in length with a width of 29.5' (9 m). Attack lines dividing the front and back rows are marked 9’10” (3 m) parallel to the net. Free zones at a minimum of 9’10” (3 m) are required around the entirety of the court with generous clearances up to 16’5” (5 m) on the sides and 21’4” (6.5 m) in the back.

Dimensioned drawing of a regulation volleyball court illustrating measurements and sizes of play
Volleyball Court
Height:
Width:
29.5' | 9 m
Length:
59’ | 18 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
1,743 ft2 | 161 m2

Attack Line: 9’10” (10’) | 3 m from net
Playing Area: 1,743 ft2 | 161 m2
Free Zone | Clearance (Back): 9’10”-21’4” | 3-6.5 m
Free Zone | Clearance (Side): 9’10”-16’5” | 3-5 m
Area with Clearances (Minimum): 3,875 ft2 | 360 m2
Area with Clearances (Large):
6,340 ft2 | 589 m2
Material (Indoor): Wood, synthetic urethane, rubber, vinyl

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Court plan

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Volleyball Block

A Volleyball Block is aimed to completely stop an attack, making the ball stay in the opponent’s court. This is called offensive, and a well-executed offensive block is done by jumping and reaching with the arms and hands over the net and into the opposing side’s court. This requires anticipating the direction the ball will go once the attack takes place. A defensive or “soft” Block is performed if the goal is to control and deflect the ball up so that it slows down and becomes easier to defend. In a Soft-Block the hands do not enter the opposing side’s court.

Series of elevation drawings of the Volleyball Block performed by assorted volleyball players
A Volleyball Block is aimed to completely stop an attack, making the ball stay in the opponent’s court. This is called offensive, and a well-executed offensive block is done by jumping and reaching with the arms and hands over the net and into the opposing side’s court.

Series of elevation drawings of the Volleyball Block performed by assorted volleyball players
Volleyball Block
Height:
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Skill Type: Defensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Block assorted (men, women)

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Volleyball Bump Pass

A Pass in volleyball, also called a Bump or a Reception, is the attempt by a team to properly handle the opponent’s serve or any form of attack. Proper Passes include preventing the ball from touching the floor, and also making it reach a position where the setter is standing quickly and precisely. In an underarm pass or bump, the ball touches the inside part of the joined forearms at waistline, and in an overhand pass the ball is handled with the fingertips like a set above the head. Both techniques are acceptable in professional and beach volleyball.

Series of elevation drawings of the Volleyball Bump Pass performed by assorted male volleyball players
A Pass in volleyball, also called a Bump or a Reception, is the attempt by a team to properly handle the opponent’s serve or any form of attack. Proper Passes include preventing the ball from touching the floor, and also making it reach a position where the setter is standing quickly and precisely.

Series of elevation drawings of the Volleyball Bump Pass performed by assorted male volleyball players
Volleyball Bump Pass
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Skill Type: Pass

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Bump Pass assorted (men, women)

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Jaqueline Carvalho
Group of scaled height illustrations of various volleyball players compared to Jaqueline Carvalho

Jaqueline Carvalho, born December 31, 1983, is a Brazilian volleyball player. She was a member of the Brazilian team that won the Olympic Games at Beijing 2008 and London 2012. Carvalho was also a part of the national team that won the gold medal at the 2011 Pan American Games, and she also won the silver medal at the 2015 Pan American Games. In 2013 she won a fourth gold medal at the World Grand Prix after defeating Japan in the final match. She currently plays as an outside hitter for the Brazilian club Osasco Audax.

Jaqueline Carvalho has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Jaqueline Carvalho in volleyball positions measured with overall height
Jaqueline Carvalho, born December 31, 1983, is a Brazilian volleyball player. She was a member of the Brazilian team that won the Olympic Games at Beijing 2008 and London 2012. Carvalho was also a part of the national team that won the gold medal at the 2011 Pan American Games.

Jaqueline Carvalho has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Jaqueline Carvalho in volleyball positions measured with overall height
Jaqueline Carvalho
Height:
6’1” | 1.85 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Nationality: Brazil

Years Active: 2001—

Birthday
December 31, 1983

Drawings include:
Jaqueline Carvalho standing, jumping, passing

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