Volleyball is a team sport in which players use their hands to hit a volleyball over the net in an attempt to land the ball on the opponent’s ground. Each team of six players has a maximum of three consecutive touches, a rally, to attempt to return the ball across the net. Points are scored when a team makes a kill by grounding the ball on the opponent’s side or if a player makes a fault or foul. Common strategies used in volleyball are spiking and blocking the ball at the net which both highlight a player’s height and vertical abilities. Volleyball is played on both indoor courts and beach courts that are both sanctioned as official Olympic variants of the sport.

Who invented volleyball?

Volleyball was invented by William G. Morgan in 1895 as a game that conceptually combined various aspects of tennis, badminton, basketball, baseball, and handball. The original name for volleyball was ‘mintonette’ which was a spin-off of the name badminton.

How many players are on a volleyball team?


Volleyball teams consist of six players on the court at any one time with a maximum of twelve total players listed on the roster. Beach volleyball is played with teams of two.

How long is a volleyball game?

The average volleyball game lasts between 60-90 minutes with each individual game lasting roughly 20-25 minutes. Volleyball is not timed and a game is only completed when a team has won three games out of five possible games.

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Volleyball Guides
Browse through our curated Volleyball Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Volleyball. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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6’4” | 1.93 m
February 12, 1991
Earvin N’Gapeth
193.000
1991.00
11000
3D
Earvin N’Gapeth
6’6” | 1.98 m
August 25, 1989
Facundo Conte
198.000
1989.00
4100
3D
Facundo Conte
6’.5” | 1.84 m
January 10, 1979
Francesca Piccinini
184.000
1979.00
22000
3D
Francesca Piccinini
6’3” | 1.91 m
January 6, 1970
Gabrielle Reece
191.000
1970.00
96000
3D
Gabrielle Reece
6’8” | 2.03 m
October 2, 1988
Ivan Zaytsev
203.000
1988.00
27000
3D
Ivan Zaytsev
6’1” | 1.85 m
December 31, 1983
Jaqueline Carvalho
185.000
1983.00
13000
3D
Jaqueline Carvalho
8.15”-8.39” | 20.7-21.3 cm (Diameter)
9-10 oz | 260-280 g
Volleyball
21.300
0.280
5800
https://p3d.in/e/rUtQT
3D
VolleyballPerspective view of a 3D model of a VolleyballPerspective view of a 3D model of a Volleyball
Volleyball Attack
5250
3D
Volleyball Attack
Volleyball Block
1500
3D
Volleyball Block
Volleyball Bump
30
3D
Volleyball Bump
29.5' | 9 m
59’ | 18 m
1,743 ft2 | 161 m2
Volleyball Court
900.000
1800.000
161.00
37000
https://p3d.in/e/qEXKl
3D
Volleyball CourtView of a Volleyball Court in 3D available for downloadView of a Volleyball Court in 3D available for download
Volleyball Dig
1600
3D
Volleyball Dig
Volleyball Dive
200
3D
Volleyball Dive
Volleyball Jump Serve
350
3D
Volleyball Jump Serve
7’4.35"-7’ 11.7” | 2.24-2.43 m
36’ | 10.97 m (Total)
.16" | 4 mm
Volleyball Net
243.000
1097.000
0.400
20000
https://p3d.in/e/crCQZ
3D
Volleyball Net3D model of a Volleyball Net viewed in perspective3D model of a Volleyball Net viewed in perspective
Volleyball Set
3400
3D
Volleyball Set
Volleyball Underhand Serve
300
3D
Volleyball Underhand Serve
Jaqueline Carvalho
Group of scaled height illustrations of various volleyball players compared to Jaqueline Carvalho

Jaqueline Carvalho, born December 31, 1983, is a Brazilian volleyball player. She was a member of the Brazilian team that won the Olympic Games at Beijing 2008 and London 2012. Carvalho was also a part of the national team that won the gold medal at the 2011 Pan American Games, and she also won the silver medal at the 2015 Pan American Games. In 2013 she won a fourth gold medal at the World Grand Prix after defeating Japan in the final match. She currently plays as an outside hitter for the Brazilian club Osasco Audax.

Jaqueline Carvalho has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Jaqueline Carvalho in volleyball positions measured with overall height
Jaqueline Carvalho, born December 31, 1983, is a Brazilian volleyball player. She was a member of the Brazilian team that won the Olympic Games at Beijing 2008 and London 2012. Carvalho was also a part of the national team that won the gold medal at the 2011 Pan American Games.

Jaqueline Carvalho has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m).

Series of elevation drawings of Jaqueline Carvalho in volleyball positions measured with overall height
Jaqueline Carvalho
Height:
6’1” | 1.85 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
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Nationality: Brazil

Years Active: 2001—

Birthday
December 31, 1983

Drawings include:
Jaqueline Carvalho standing, jumping, passing

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Volleyball Dive

A Volleyball Dive is a type of a dig, where the object of the skill is to prevent the ball from touching the court while it is coming from a downward trajectory. It is performed when a player throws their body in the air with a forward movement in an attempt to save the ball and land it on a part of their body. It can be thought of as a technique to control how to fall on the floor while still playing the ball. The player should dive with their head up and eyes on the ball.

Set of illustrations of the Volleyball Dive performed by various male players
A Volleyball Dive is a type of a Dig, where the object of the skill is to prevent the ball from touching the court while it is coming from a downward trajectory. It is performed when a player throws their body in the air with a forward movement in an attempt to save the ball with their body.

Set of illustrations of the Volleyball Dive performed by various male players
Volleyball Dive
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Area:

Skill Type: Defensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Dive assorted (men, women)

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Volleyball Net

Volleyball nets are the primary obstacle and separating element between the two teams in a game of volleyball. Splitting the court down the middle, the height of the net dictates how teams will strategize their ball placement and setup offensive and defense formations to successfully send the ball across the divider. Volleyball nets are typically made with black nylon netting with white headbands.

Volleyball nets span the entire width of the court (29’6” | 9 m) and are held rigid by outer poles typically set 3’ (.91 m) from the court. The center height of a volleyball net differs for men’s and women’s play with men’s nets regulated at a height of 7’ 11.69” (2.43 m) and women’s at 7’ 4.35” (2.24 m). The dimensions of the playing court are often identified on the net surface by two antenna extending 32” (80 cm) above the net. Volleyball nets have a surface height of 39” (1 m) from top to bottom and are constructed with a polypropylene or nylon netting with a mesh size of 3.9” (10 cm) and are capped with stiff headbands along the perimeters.

Elevation drawing measuring professional volleyball nets with dimensions and sizes
Volleyball nets are the primary obstacle and separating element between the two teams in a game of volleyball. Splitting the court down the middle, the height of the net dictates how teams will strategize their ball placement and setup offensive and defense formations.

Volleyball nets span the entire width of the court (29’6” | 9 m) and are held rigid by outer poles typically set 3’ (.91 m) from the court. The center height of a volleyball net differs for men’s and women’s play with men’s nets regulated at a height of 7’ 11.69” (2.43 m) and women’s at 7’ 4.35” (2.24 m). The dimensions of the playing court are often identified on the net surface by two antenna extending 32” (80 cm) above the net. Volleyball nets have a surface height of 39” (1 m) from top to bottom and are constructed with a polypropylene or nylon netting with a mesh size of 3.9” (10 cm) and are capped with stiff headbands along the perimeters.

Elevation drawing measuring professional volleyball nets with dimensions and sizes
Volleyball Net
Height:
7’4.35"-7’ 11.7” | 2.24-2.43 m
Width:
36’ | 10.97 m (Total)
Length:
Depth:
.16" | 4 mm
Weight:
Area:

Height (Men’s): 7’ 11.69” | 2.43 m
Height (Women’s): 7’ 4.35” | 2.24 m
Height (Net Face): 39” | 1 m
Length (Between Poles): 36’ | 10.97 m
Pole Offset: 3’ | .91 m from court
Antenna Height: 32” | 80 cm
Above Floor: 4’1”-4’8” | 1.25-1.42 m
Net Mesh: 3.9” | 10 cm
Material: Polypropylene, nylon

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Net front elevation, front (players)

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Volleyball
Group of scaled illustrations of various sporting balls compared to the Volleyball

A Volleyball is the official ball used to play indoor Volleyball, beach Volleyball, and other variations of the Volleyball sport. A Volleyball has a sphere form and has 18 rectangular panels that are made of synthetic or genuine leather. The panels are arranged in 6 identical sections of 3 panels each. The Volleyball has a valve that allows its internal air pressure to be adjusted is available in a Youth or Adult version size. An indoor Volleyball is a solid white or a bright yellow color. A beach Volleyball is slightly larger than a standard indoor Volleyball, had a rougher exterior surface and a lower internal pressure. 

Volleyballs have a diameter of 8.15”-8.39” (20.7-21.3 cm) and circumference of 22.59”-26.34” (65-67 cm). The mass of a Volleyball is between 9-10 oz (260-280 g) with a pressure between 4.26-4.61 psi (29.4-31.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Volleyball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
A Volleyball is the official ball used to play indoor Volleyball, beach Volleyball, and other variations of the Volleyball sport. A Volleyball has a sphere form and has 18 rectangular panels that are made of synthetic or genuine leather. The panels are arranged in 6 identical sections of 3 panels.

Volleyballs have a diameter of 8.15”-8.39” (20.7-21.3 cm) and circumference of 22.59”-26.34” (65-67 cm). The mass of a Volleyball is between 9-10 oz (260-280 g) with a pressure between 4.26-4.61 psi (29.4-31.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Volleyball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
Volleyball
Height:
8.15”-8.39” | 20.7-21.3 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
9-10 oz | 260-280 g
Area:

Circumference: 22.59”-26.34” | 65-67 cm
Pressure: 4.26-4.61 psi | 29.4-31.8 kPa

Material: Leather, synthetic leather

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball elevations (various)

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Volleyball Block

A Volleyball Block is aimed to completely stop an attack, making the ball stay in the opponent’s court. This is called offensive, and a well-executed offensive block is done by jumping and reaching with the arms and hands over the net and into the opposing side’s court. This requires anticipating the direction the ball will go once the attack takes place. A defensive or “soft” Block is performed if the goal is to control and deflect the ball up so that it slows down and becomes easier to defend. In a Soft-Block the hands do not enter the opposing side’s court.

Series of elevation drawings of the Volleyball Block performed by assorted volleyball players
A Volleyball Block is aimed to completely stop an attack, making the ball stay in the opponent’s court. This is called offensive, and a well-executed offensive block is done by jumping and reaching with the arms and hands over the net and into the opposing side’s court.

Series of elevation drawings of the Volleyball Block performed by assorted volleyball players
Volleyball Block
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Area:

Skill Type: Defensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Block assorted (men, women)

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