Volleyball is a team sport in which players use their hands to hit a volleyball over the net in an attempt to land the ball on the opponent’s ground. Each team of six players has a maximum of three consecutive touches, a rally, to attempt to return the ball across the net. Points are scored when a team makes a kill by grounding the ball on the opponent’s side or if a player makes a fault or foul. Common strategies used in volleyball are spiking and blocking the ball at the net which both highlight a player’s height and vertical abilities. Volleyball is played on both indoor courts and beach courts that are both sanctioned as official Olympic variants of the sport.

Who invented volleyball?

Volleyball was invented by William G. Morgan in 1895 as a game that conceptually combined various aspects of tennis, badminton, basketball, baseball, and handball. The original name for volleyball was ‘mintonette’ which was a spin-off of the name badminton.

How many players are on a volleyball team?


Volleyball teams consist of six players on the court at any one time with a maximum of twelve total players listed on the roster. Beach volleyball is played with teams of two.

How long is a volleyball game?

The average volleyball game lasts between 60-90 minutes with each individual game lasting roughly 20-25 minutes. Volleyball is not timed and a game is only completed when a team has won three games out of five possible games.

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Volleyball

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Volleyball Net

Volleyball nets are the primary obstacle and separating element between the two teams in a game of volleyball. Splitting the court down the middle, the height of the net dictates how teams will strategize their ball placement and setup offensive and defense formations to successfully send the ball across the divider. Volleyball nets are typically made with black nylon netting with white headbands.

Volleyball nets span the entire width of the court (29’6” | 9 m) and are held rigid by outer poles typically set 3’ (.91 m) from the court. The center height of a volleyball net differs for men’s and women’s play with men’s nets regulated at a height of 7’ 11.69” (2.43 m) and women’s at 7’ 4.35” (2.24 m). The dimensions of the playing court are often identified on the net surface by two antenna extending 32” (80 cm) above the net. Volleyball nets have a surface height of 39” (1 m) from top to bottom and are constructed with a polypropylene or nylon netting with a mesh size of 3.9” (10 cm) and are capped with stiff headbands along the perimeters.

Elevation drawing measuring professional volleyball nets with dimensions and sizes
Volleyball nets are the primary obstacle and separating element between the two teams in a game of volleyball. Splitting the court down the middle, the height of the net dictates how teams will strategize their ball placement and setup offensive and defense formations.

Volleyball nets span the entire width of the court (29’6” | 9 m) and are held rigid by outer poles typically set 3’ (.91 m) from the court. The center height of a volleyball net differs for men’s and women’s play with men’s nets regulated at a height of 7’ 11.69” (2.43 m) and women’s at 7’ 4.35” (2.24 m). The dimensions of the playing court are often identified on the net surface by two antenna extending 32” (80 cm) above the net. Volleyball nets have a surface height of 39” (1 m) from top to bottom and are constructed with a polypropylene or nylon netting with a mesh size of 3.9” (10 cm) and are capped with stiff headbands along the perimeters.

Elevation drawing measuring professional volleyball nets with dimensions and sizes
Volleyball Net
Height:
7’4.35"-7’ 11.7” | 2.24-2.43 m
Width:
36’ | 10.97 m (Total)
Length:
Depth:
.16" | 4 mm
Weight:
Area:

Height (Men’s): 7’ 11.69” | 2.43 m
Height (Women’s): 7’ 4.35” | 2.24 m
Height (Net Face): 39” | 1 m
Length (Between Poles): 36’ | 10.97 m
Pole Offset: 3’ | .91 m from court
Antenna Height: 32” | 80 cm
Above Floor: 4’1”-4’8” | 1.25-1.42 m
Net Mesh: 3.9” | 10 cm
Material: Polypropylene, nylon

Drawings include:
Volleyball Net front elevation, front (players)

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Volleyball Court

Volleyball Courts are flat horizontal playing surfaces sized for the game of volleyball. Indoor volleyball court surfaces are required to be made of resilient wood flooring or poured with a synthetic urethane. The size of an indoor volleyball court is the same as an outdoor court.

Volleyball courts are regulated at 59’ (18 m) in length with a width of 29.5' (9 m). Attack lines dividing the front and back rows are marked 9’10” (3 m) parallel to the net. Free zones at a minimum of 9’10” (3 m) are required around the entirety of the court with generous clearances up to 16’5” (5 m) on the sides and 21’4” (6.5 m) in the back.

Dimensioned drawing of a regulation volleyball court illustrating measurements and sizes of play
Volleyball Courts are flat horizontal playing surfaces sized for the game of volleyball. Indoor volleyball court surfaces are required to be made of resilient wood flooring or poured with a synthetic urethane. The size of an indoor volleyball court is the same as an outdoor court.

Volleyball courts are regulated at 59’ (18 m) in length with a width of 29.5' (9 m). Attack lines dividing the front and back rows are marked 9’10” (3 m) parallel to the net. Free zones at a minimum of 9’10” (3 m) are required around the entirety of the court with generous clearances up to 16’5” (5 m) on the sides and 21’4” (6.5 m) in the back.

Dimensioned drawing of a regulation volleyball court illustrating measurements and sizes of play
Volleyball Court
Height:
Width:
29.5' | 9 m
Length:
59’ | 18 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
1,743 ft2 | 161 m2

Attack Line: 9’10” (10’) | 3 m from net
Playing Area: 1,743 ft2 | 161 m2
Free Zone | Clearance (Back): 9’10”-21’4” | 3-6.5 m
Free Zone | Clearance (Side): 9’10”-16’5” | 3-5 m
Area with Clearances (Minimum): 3,875 ft2 | 360 m2
Area with Clearances (Large):
6,340 ft2 | 589 m2
Material (Indoor): Wood, synthetic urethane, rubber, vinyl

Drawings include:
Volleyball Court plan

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Volleyball
Group of scaled illustrations of various sporting balls compared to the Volleyball

Volleyballs have a diameter of 8.15”-8.39” (20.7-21.3 cm) and circumference of 22.59”-26.34” (65-67 cm). The mass of a Volleyball is between 9-10 oz (260-280 g) with a pressure between 4.26-4.61 psi (29.4-31.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Volleyball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference

Volleyballs have a diameter of 8.15”-8.39” (20.7-21.3 cm) and circumference of 22.59”-26.34” (65-67 cm). The mass of a Volleyball is between 9-10 oz (260-280 g) with a pressure between 4.26-4.61 psi (29.4-31.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Volleyball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
Volleyball
Height:
8.15”-8.39” | 20.7-21.3 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
9-10 oz | 260-280 g
Area:

Circumference: 22.59”-26.34” | 65-67 cm
Pressure: 4.26-4.61 psi | 29.4-31.8 kPa

Material: Leather, synthetic leather

Drawings include:
Volleyball elevations (various)

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