Volleyball is a team sport in which players use their hands to hit a volleyball over the net in an attempt to land the ball on the opponent’s ground. Each team of six players has a maximum of three consecutive touches, a rally, to attempt to return the ball across the net. Points are scored when a team makes a kill by grounding the ball on the opponent’s side or if a player makes a fault or foul. Common strategies used in volleyball are spiking and blocking the ball at the net which both highlight a player’s height and vertical abilities. Volleyball is played on both indoor courts and beach courts that are both sanctioned as official Olympic variants of the sport.

Who invented volleyball?

Volleyball was invented by William G. Morgan in 1895 as a game that conceptually combined various aspects of tennis, badminton, basketball, baseball, and handball. The original name for volleyball was ‘mintonette’ which was a spin-off of the name badminton.

How many players are on a volleyball team?


Volleyball teams consist of six players on the court at any one time with a maximum of twelve total players listed on the roster. Beach volleyball is played with teams of two.

How long is a volleyball game?

The average volleyball game lasts between 60-90 minutes with each individual game lasting roughly 20-25 minutes. Volleyball is not timed and a game is only completed when a team has won three games out of five possible games.

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Volleyball Guides
Browse through our curated Volleyball Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Volleyball. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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6’4” | 1.93 m
February 12, 1991
Earvin N’Gapeth
193.000
1991.00
11000
3D
Earvin N’Gapeth
6’6” | 1.98 m
August 25, 1989
Facundo Conte
198.000
1989.00
4100
3D
Facundo Conte
6’.5” | 1.84 m
January 10, 1979
Francesca Piccinini
184.000
1979.00
22000
3D
Francesca Piccinini
6’3” | 1.91 m
January 6, 1970
Gabrielle Reece
191.000
1970.00
96000
3D
Gabrielle Reece
6’8” | 2.03 m
October 2, 1988
Ivan Zaytsev
203.000
1988.00
27000
3D
Ivan Zaytsev
6’1” | 1.85 m
December 31, 1983
Jaqueline Carvalho
185.000
1983.00
13000
3D
Jaqueline Carvalho
8.15”-8.39” | 20.7-21.3 cm (Diameter)
9-10 oz | 260-280 g
Volleyball
21.300
0.280
5800
https://p3d.in/e/rUtQT
3D
VolleyballPerspective view of a 3D model of a VolleyballPerspective view of a 3D model of a Volleyball
Volleyball Attack
5250
3D
Volleyball Attack
Volleyball Block
1500
3D
Volleyball Block
Volleyball Bump
30
3D
Volleyball Bump
29.5' | 9 m
59’ | 18 m
1,743 ft2 | 161 m2
Volleyball Court
900.000
1800.000
161.00
37000
https://p3d.in/e/qEXKl
3D
Volleyball CourtView of a Volleyball Court in 3D available for downloadView of a Volleyball Court in 3D available for download
Volleyball Dig
1600
3D
Volleyball Dig
Volleyball Dive
200
3D
Volleyball Dive
Volleyball Jump Serve
350
3D
Volleyball Jump Serve
7’4.35"-7’ 11.7” | 2.24-2.43 m
36’ | 10.97 m (Total)
.16" | 4 mm
Volleyball Net
243.000
1097.000
0.400
20000
https://p3d.in/e/crCQZ
3D
Volleyball Net3D model of a Volleyball Net viewed in perspective3D model of a Volleyball Net viewed in perspective
Volleyball Set
3400
3D
Volleyball Set
Volleyball Underhand Serve
300
3D
Volleyball Underhand Serve
Volleyball Dive

A Volleyball Dive is a type of a dig, where the object of the skill is to prevent the ball from touching the court while it is coming from a downward trajectory. It is performed when a player throws their body in the air with a forward movement in an attempt to save the ball and land it on a part of their body. It can be thought of as a technique to control how to fall on the floor while still playing the ball. The player should dive with their head up and eyes on the ball.

Set of illustrations of the Volleyball Dive performed by various male players
A Volleyball Dive is a type of a Dig, where the object of the skill is to prevent the ball from touching the court while it is coming from a downward trajectory. It is performed when a player throws their body in the air with a forward movement in an attempt to save the ball with their body.

Set of illustrations of the Volleyball Dive performed by various male players
Volleyball Dive
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Skill Type: Defensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Dive assorted (men, women)

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Earvin N’Gapeth
Set of scaled height illustrations of various volleyball players compared to Earvin N’Gapeth

Earvin N’Gapeth, born April 12, 1991, is a French volleyball player. He is a member of the France National Volleyball Team and the Russian club Zenit Kazan. N’Gapeth was the gold medalist of the World League (2015, 2017), 2015 European Champion, 2010 French Champion, and 2016 Italian Champion. In 2017, for the second year in a row, N’Gapeth was selected as the Most Valuable Player of the FIVB World League. He plays as an outside hitter, and outside of volleyball N’Gapeth is a model and brand ambassador for Adidas.

Earvin N’Gapeth has a height of 6’4” (1.93 m).

Collection of drawings of Earvin N’Gapeth measured with overall height
Earvin N’Gapeth, born April 12, 1991, is a French volleyball player. He is a member of the France National Volleyball Team and the Russian club Zenit Kazan. N’Gapeth was the gold medalist of the World League (2015, 2017), 2015 European Champion, 2010 French Champion, and 2016 Italian Champion.

Earvin N’Gapeth has a height of 6’4” (1.93 m).

Collection of drawings of Earvin N’Gapeth measured with overall height
Earvin N’Gapeth
Height:
6’4” | 1.93 m
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Nationality: France

Years Active: 2008—

Birthday
February 12, 1991

Drawings include:
Earvin N’Gapeth standing, jumping, passing

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Volleyball Spike (Attack)

A Volleyball Spike, or Attack, usually follows a Set or a Pass as the third contact a team makes with the volleyball. The object of a Spike is so that the ball lands on the opponent’s court and cannot be defended. The player makes a series of steps (called the approach), jumps, and swings at the ball. Contact with the ball should be made at the apex of the hitter’s jump, and at the moment of contact, the hitter’s arm is fully extended above the hitter’s head and slightly forward. This results in the highest possible contact while delivering a powerful hit.

Set of illustrations of the Volleyball Spike (Attack) performed by various female volleyball players
A Volleyball Spike Attack usually follows a Set or a Pass as the third contact a team makes with the ball. The object of a Spike is so that the ball lands on the opponent’s court and cannot be defended. The player makes a series of steps (called the approach), jumps, and swings at the ball. Contact

Set of illustrations of the Volleyball Spike (Attack) performed by various female volleyball players
Volleyball Spike (Attack)
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Skill Type: Offensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Spike (Attack) assorted (men, women)

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Volleyball Court

Volleyball Courts are flat horizontal playing surfaces sized for the game of volleyball. Indoor volleyball court surfaces are required to be made of resilient wood flooring or poured with a synthetic urethane. The size of an indoor volleyball court is the same as an outdoor court.

Volleyball courts are regulated at 59’ (18 m) in length with a width of 29.5' (9 m). Attack lines dividing the front and back rows are marked 9’10” (3 m) parallel to the net. Free zones at a minimum of 9’10” (3 m) are required around the entirety of the court with generous clearances up to 16’5” (5 m) on the sides and 21’4” (6.5 m) in the back.

Dimensioned drawing of a regulation volleyball court illustrating measurements and sizes of play
Volleyball Courts are flat horizontal playing surfaces sized for the game of volleyball. Indoor volleyball court surfaces are required to be made of resilient wood flooring or poured with a synthetic urethane. The size of an indoor volleyball court is the same as an outdoor court.

Volleyball courts are regulated at 59’ (18 m) in length with a width of 29.5' (9 m). Attack lines dividing the front and back rows are marked 9’10” (3 m) parallel to the net. Free zones at a minimum of 9’10” (3 m) are required around the entirety of the court with generous clearances up to 16’5” (5 m) on the sides and 21’4” (6.5 m) in the back.

Dimensioned drawing of a regulation volleyball court illustrating measurements and sizes of play
Volleyball Court
Height:
Width:
29.5' | 9 m
Length:
59’ | 18 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
1,743 ft2 | 161 m2

Attack Line: 9’10” (10’) | 3 m from net
Playing Area: 1,743 ft2 | 161 m2
Free Zone | Clearance (Back): 9’10”-21’4” | 3-6.5 m
Free Zone | Clearance (Side): 9’10”-16’5” | 3-5 m
Area with Clearances (Minimum): 3,875 ft2 | 360 m2
Area with Clearances (Large):
6,340 ft2 | 589 m2
Material (Indoor): Wood, synthetic urethane, rubber, vinyl

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Court plan

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Volleyball Dig

A Volleyball Dig is performed to prevent the ball from touching the court after a Spike or Attack, usually a ball that is almost touching the ground. In many ways, a Dig is similar to Passing or Bumping, and like a Pass, the arm position stays the same. However, Digging is a much more reflex based skill, especially at higher levels, as the ball is coming from a downward trajectory. When Digging, it is important for the player to stay on their toes, and many players will choose to employ a split step to make sure they are ready to move in any direction.

Collection of drawings of women performing the Volleyball Dig
A Volleyball Dig is performed to prevent the ball from touching the court after a Spike or Attack, usually a ball that is almost touching the ground. In many ways, a Dig is similar to Passing or Bumping, and like a Pass, the arm position stays the same. However, Digging is a much more reflex based.

Collection of drawings of women performing the Volleyball Dig
Volleyball Dig
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Skill Type: Defensive

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball Dig assorted (men, women)

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