Bathroom Sinks | Wash Basins
Bathroom Sinks | Wash Basins
Bathroom sinks, also known as washbasins, washbowls, or hand basins, are fixtures primarily used for bathroom activities such as washing hands, faces, shaving, and brushing teeth. Sinks are comprised of a faucet, or tap, connected to a water supply, and a basin with a drain.
Enameled cast iron or porcelain sinks are popular commonplace options in bathroom design, but sinks today can be made of a diverse variety of materials including stone, concrete, glass, or wood. Bathroom sinks are often used in conjunction with bathroom vanities to efficiently combine wash and storage functions
Bathroom sinks originated as simple bowls to wash hands and face. As plumbing systems developed, sinks evolved from freestanding bowls with jugs of water to integrated basins with taps. By the 19th century, with advancements in indoor plumbing and a heightened focus on personal hygiene, sinks became standard fixtures in homes. Designs and materials varied, reflecting regional tastes and technological progress. From grand marble basins in aristocratic homes to more common porcelain designs, sinks became central to bathroom functionality and style.
Bathroom sinks are blending style with smart technology. Contemporary designs focus on sustainable materials, like recycled glass or composite stone. Touchless faucets, which use sensors, promote hygiene and water conservation. Some sinks now have built-in digital displays or temperature indicators for user convenience. A major challenge is ensuring sinks cater to diverse space constraints, from compact urban apartments to lavish homes. As aesthetics and eco-friendliness converge, features like integrated soap dispensers and water-saving aerators are becoming standard, shaping the next wave of bathroom innovations.
When measuring a bathroom sink, use a tape measure starting at the edge to find out the length and width. Measure the height, top to bottom, of the sink’s exterior. The depth is the measurement of the interior of the water bowl. To find this, measure from the deepest part of the basin to the top edge.
Before installing a bathroom sink, make sure to shut off the water by closing the valves or going to the main supply. Mark and measure, cutting out a hole in the countertop to fit the sink. Refer to the manufacturer's instructions for the sink installation, using provided tools. Use a waterproof sealant around the edges of the cut out (area between the sink and counter surface) to prevent water leaks or rot. Lower the sink into the hole, making sure the seal of the caulk is secure. The next step is to install the drain, connecting it to the hole underneath the sink and sealing it with putty and caulk. Connect the water lines and allow all of the sealant to dry for 24 hours.
To clean a bathroom sink drain, regular maintenance is required to prevent clogs. The pop-up stopper or guard on the sink should be taken off to remove any debris that has collected. Rinse and replace both the stopper and drain guard. Home items such as baking soda, vinegar, and lemon juice can be used to clean the sink with hot water being poured down the drain afterward.