Overhead Doors | Garage Doors
An overhead door, commonly known as a garage door, is a large, motorized or manually operated entryway designed for vehicles and storage access in residential or commercial garages. These doors consist of multiple panels, hinged together, which run on tracks or rails affixed to the garage's ceiling and walls. When opened, the panels slide upwards, retracting horizontally into the garage's interior, thereby maximizing the available space. Overhead doors come in various materials, including wood, steel, aluminum, and fiberglass, and can be customized in design, insulation, and window options. Their primary function is to provide security, weather protection, and aesthetic appeal to a property.
The history of garage doors can be traced back to the early 20th century, coinciding with the rise of automobiles. Initially, carriage houses with outward-swinging wooden doors were adapted for vehicle storage. In the 1920s, C.G. Johnson invented the sectional overhead garage door, enabling efficient use of space and easier access. The subsequent invention of the electric garage door opener in the 1930s revolutionized convenience and security. Over the decades, garage doors evolved in materials, designs, and functionalities, incorporating steel, aluminum, fiberglass, and insulation. Today, they offer improved security, energy efficiency, and aesthetics, catering to diverse architectural styles and preferences.
The parts of an overhead door include panels, hinges, springs (torsion or extension), tracks, rollers, cables, brackets, pulleys, weatherstripping, and a garage door opener with remote control. These elements work in unison to facilitate smooth opening and closing, offer support and balance, and ensure secure and efficient operation.
Garage door failures can be caused by various factors, including worn-out springs, damaged tracks, broken cables, misaligned sensors, and malfunctioning openers. Environmental factors, such as extreme temperatures or corrosion, can also affect performance.
Garage doors can be secure when built with quality materials and equipped with modern locking mechanisms. Features like sturdy construction, deadbolt locks, and electronic openers with rolling code technology enhance security. However, regular maintenance and updates are essential to ensure the door remains secure and resistant to break-ins.