Sports Goals | Sports Targets

In sports, goals are the physical objects that serve as the sought after destinations needed for achieving points in a game or event. Goals are used to calculate game scores by separating a winning and losing team and awarding players and athletes points in individual sports or team sports. The results of goal statistics can be used by an athlete to gauge their own athletic performance and calculate the percentage of success versus attempts to get a ball into a goal in ball sports. Sharing terminology with a person's aims and ambitions, goals in sports can also be symbolic or ephemeral as sports goals can be determined in every competitive game, including those of video games and virtual reality.

Sports Goals

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FITA Recurve Target - Olympic
Scaled illustration of a FITA Recurve Target (Olympic Target) with a person and Compound target for size

A FITA Recurve Target is the Olympic sized target used within the sport of target archery. FITA stands for Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc, the organization who controls the sport of archery. There are different sizes of FITA targets and each is marked with 10 evenly spaced rings emerging from the center. Each ring has a score value that ranges from 1 to 10. The coloring of a FITA target changes in accordance with the rings. Ring 1 and 2 are white, ring 3 and 4 are black, and ring 5 and 6 are blue. Ring 7 and 8 are red, and ring 9 and 10 are yellow.

FITA Recurve Targets (Olympic Size) have a regulated diameter of 48” (122 cm) and depths of 10”-15” (25.4-38.1 cm). Each consecutive ring in a FITA Recurve Target increases by a radius of 4.8" (12.2 cm). FITA Targets should be angled at 10°-15° from vertical.

Elevation drawings of a FITA Recurve Target (Olympic) showing dimensioned analysis of their diameter, ring sizes, and depth
A FITA Recurve Target is the Olympic sized target used within the sport of target archery. FITA stands for Fédération Internationale de Tir à l'Arc, the organization who controls the sport of archery. There are different sizes of FITA targets and each is marked with 10 evenly spaced rings.

FITA Recurve Targets (Olympic Size) have a regulated diameter of 48” (122 cm) and depths of 10”-15” (25.4-38.1 cm). Each consecutive ring in a FITA Recurve Target increases by a radius of 4.8" (12.2 cm). FITA Targets should be angled at 10°-15° from vertical.

Elevation drawings of a FITA Recurve Target (Olympic) showing dimensioned analysis of their diameter, ring sizes, and depth
FITA Recurve Target - Olympic
Height:
Width:
48” | 122 cm (Diameter)
Length:
Depth:
10”-15” | 25.4-38.1 cm (Block)
Weight:
18 lb | 8.2 kg (Typical)
Area:

Rings: 4.8” | 12.2 cm radius increases

Center Height: 48” | 121.9 cm

Target Angle: 10°-15° from vertical
Materials: Paper, vinyl, or plastic target face; bale, foam, woven polypropylene block targets

Drawings include:
FITA Recurve Target front elevation, side

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Darts Throwing Distance

The throwing distance in the game of darts is regulated at 7’ 9.25” | 2.37 m from the oche to the front face of the dartboard. Dartboards must be hung on the wall with the center of the bullseye at 5’8” | 1.73 m from the floor—a height established based on the eye-level of a six foot man. Used in professional dart games, a standard oche is 2’ | .6 m wide and 1.5” | 38 mm tall to clearly establish the regulation throwing line. Casual darts environments may choose to use tape or another type of surface marking to identify the oche.

Drawings dimensioning the regulation throwing distances and board height in a game of darts
The throwing distance in the game of darts is regulated at 7’ 9.25” | 2.37 m from the oche to the front face of the dartboard. Dartboards must be hung on the wall with the center of the bullseye at 5’8” | 1.73 m from the floor—a height established based on the eye-level of a six foot man.

Drawings dimensioning the regulation throwing distances and board height in a game of darts
Darts Throwing Distance
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Height: 5’8” | 1.73 m to center of bullseye
Distance: 7’ 9.25” | 2.37 m oche to face of board
Diagonal: 9’ 7.5” | 2.93 m to bullseye
Oche Width: 2’ | .6 m
Oche Height (Pro): 1.5” | 38 mm

Drawings include:
Darts Throwing Distance side elevation, front, dart player

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Handball Goal
Elevation illustrations of a Handball Goal with a goalie

A Handball Goal is kept at both ends of a Handball Court and are required to play Handball. The frame of a typical Handball Goal is made from aluminum. A Handball Goal center has a net that is securely fastened so that a Handball Ball does not to pass through the goal. The Handball Goal is surrounded by a line inside and only the goal keeper is allowed inside the space. Goalkeepers cannot leave the goal area with the ball in their hands, but are allowed to go outside the goal area to save a ball.

Handball Goals have a regulated inside width of 9.84’ (3 m), inner height of 6.56’ (2 m), and depth of 3.28’ (1 m). The weight of a Handball Goal is typically 210 lb (95 kg).

Dimensioned elevation drawings of a Handball Goal measured with length, width and depth
A Handball Goal is kept at both ends of a Handball Court and are required to play Handball. The frame of a typical Handball Goal is made from aluminum. A Handball Goal center has a net that is securely fastened so that a Handball Ball does not to pass through the goal.

Handball Goals have a regulated inside width of 9.84’ (3 m), inner height of 6.56’ (2 m), and depth of 3.28’ (1 m). The weight of a Handball Goal is typically 210 lb (95 kg).

Dimensioned elevation drawings of a Handball Goal measured with length, width and depth
Handball Goal
Height:
6.56’ | 2 m (Inside)
Width:
9.84’ | 3 m (Inside)
Length:
Depth:
3.28’ | 1 m
Weight:
210 lb | 95 kg (Typical)
Area:

Crossbar Width: 3.15” | 8 cm

Net Mesh: .12”-.2” | 3-5 mm

Mesh Squares: 1.97”-3.94” | 5-10 cm

Color: Alternating contrasting pattern
Materials: Galvanized steel, aluminum, wood; polypropylene mesh net

Drawings include:
Handball Goal front elevation, side, top, back, front (goalie)

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Rugby Goal Post
Scaled illustration of a Rugby Goal Post compared to a Field Goal Post and a Soccer Goal

A Rugby Goal Post is an H-shaped goal post position at either end of the field opposite one another, used for scoring goals in Rugby. Rugby players use the rugby goal post to execute a drop goal, penalty goal, and conversion goal. Players usually drop or play the ball below the crossbar to make a score or convert a try and receive points. A player must kick the ball above the crossbar and between the H-shaped goal post. Otherwise, no points are awarded if the ball does not pass in between the H-shaped goal post.

Rugby Goal Posts are regulated with the top of the crossbar at 9.84’ (3 m) and an inside width of 18.04’ (5.5 m) for Rugby League and 18.37’ (5.6 m) for Rugby Union games. The overall height of a Rugby Goal Post must be a minimum of 52.5’ (16 m). The posts have a diameter of 4" (101.6 mm) and the lower 6.56’ (2 m) should be wrapped with 4" (101.6 mm) thick padding.

Dimensioned set of drawings of a Rugby Goal Post measured with width, height, and crossbar height
A Rugby Goal Post is an H-shaped goal post position at either end of the field opposite one another, used for scoring goals in Rugby. Rugby players use the rugby goal post to execute a drop goal, penalty goal, and conversion goal. Players usually drop or play the ball below the crossbar for a score.

Rugby Goal Posts are regulated with the top of the crossbar at 9.84’ (3 m) and an inside width of 18.04’ (5.5 m) for Rugby League and 18.37’ (5.6 m) for Rugby Union games. The overall height of a Rugby Goal Post must be a minimum of 52.5’ (16 m). The posts have a diameter of 4" (101.6 mm) and the lower 6.56’ (2 m) should be wrapped with 4" (101.6 mm) thick padding.

Dimensioned set of drawings of a Rugby Goal Post measured with width, height, and crossbar height
Rugby Goal Post
Height:
52.5’ | 16 m (Minimum)
Width:
18.71’-19.03’ | 5.7-5.8 m (Overall)
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Crossbar Width (Inside): 18.04’ | 5.5 m (League); 18.37’ | 5.6 m (Union)
Crossbar Height: 9.84’ | 3 m (Top)
Post Diameter: 4” | 101.6 mm
Padding Height: 6.56’ | 2 m
Padding Thickness: 4” | 101.6 mm
Materials: Structural aluminum tubing; high impact foam padding with vinyl cover

Drawings include:
Rugby Goal Post plan, front elevation, side

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Basketball Rims & Nets
Illustration of a basketball player (James Harden) dunking on a regulation Basketball Rim with dimensions

Basketball rims, or hoops, are orange painted goals attached to the backboard and used for scoring points in a game of basketball. Basketball rims today are designed as breakaway rims comprised of a hinge and spring that allow the rim to bend when a player dunks without shattering the backboard. The rim itself is made of a 5/8” | 1.6 cm steel diameter steel rod that is formed into a ring with an inner diameter of 18” | 45.72 cm. Basketball nets are hung from the bottom of the rim with lengths between 15”-18” | 38.1-45.7 cm. Basketball rims are mounted 10’ | 3.05 m from the court floor.

Pair of drawings of a Basketball Rim and Net in side and plan views with dimensions for rim diameter and net length
Basketball rims are orange painted goals attached to the backboard in a game of basketball. Basketball rims have an inner diameter of 18” | 45.72 cm. Nets are hung from the bottom of the rim with lengths between 15”-18” | 38.1-45.7 cm. Basketball rims are mounted 10’ | 3.05 m from the court floor.

Pair of drawings of a Basketball Rim and Net in side and plan views with dimensions for rim diameter and net length
Basketball Rims & Nets
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Diameter (Rim): 18” | 45.72 cm inner
Diameter (Steel): 5/8” | 1.6 cm
Distance from Backboard: 6” | 15.1 cm
Height (Rim): 10’ | 3.05 m to court
Net Length: 15”-18” | 38.1-45.7 cm below rim
Basketball to Rim Ratio: Compared to the clear area of the basketball rim, a regulation basketball is 27% of the size of the opening.

Birthday

Drawings include:
Basketball Rim & Net side elevation (basketball player - James Harden), side (detail), plan, plan (basketball)

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