Sports Rules | Sports Regulations

Sports rules are the regulations that govern competitive games and are agreed upon by teams in order to set the structure of a sport. Through a competitive set of rules, sports regulations are designed to ensure the safety of both the athletes and the equipment involved in the sport without prohibitively impacting the intentions of the gameplay. Sports regulations are found in every sport and primarily define the systems of scoring while controlling which sporting equipment can accompany each game type. In modern times, greater rules of morality and conduct follow athletes and their teams on and off the field of play to better enforce a level of quality and professional competency in all walks of life.

Sports Rules

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Baseball Strike Zone
Diagram drawing of the boundaries of a Baseball Strike Zone with player, umpire, and catcher

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’ Official strike zones are calculated as the space between the width of home-plate, 17” | 43.18 cm, up to the midpoint between a batter’s shoulders and uniform pants when in their stance, and extending down to just below their kneecaps. The home-plate umpire determines balls and strikes after every pitch thrown.

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’

Baseball Strike Zone
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Width: 17” | 43.18 cm

Top: Midpoint between top of shoulders and top of pants
Bottom: A point just below the kneecap

Area for 6.5’ player: 3.75 ft2
Area for 6’ player: 3.5 ft2
Area for 5.5’ player: 3.25 ft2

Drawings include:
Baseball Strike Zone front elevation (player)

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Cornhole | Bean Bag Distance

Cornhole courts are most commonly played on lawn surfaces with the two cornhole boards (platforms) placed 27’ | 8.23 m apart. This distance places the holes at 33’ | 10.06 m and requires a total overall dimension of 35’ | 10.67 m. Pitching boxes at 3’x4’ | 91x122 cm are located on both sides of the 2’x4’ | 61-122 cm boards and designate the zones for players to throw from. At the front edge of the boards and pitching boxes is the foul line which players cannot pass when throwing their bean bags.

Pair of drawings with dimensions showing the regulation distances of Cornhole | Bean Bag Toss with people playing
Cornhole courts are commonly played on lawn surfaces with two cornhole boards (platforms) placed 27’ | 8.23 m apart. This distance puts the holes at 33’ | 10.06 m and requires a total dimension of 35’ | 10.67 m. Pitching boxes at 3’x4’ | 91x122 cm are on both sides of the 2’x4’ | 61-122 cm boards.

Pair of drawings with dimensions showing the regulation distances of Cornhole | Bean Bag Toss with people playing
Cornhole | Bean Bag Distance
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Distance (Edge of Board): 27’ | 8.23 m
Distance (Between Holes): 33’ | 10.06 m
Distance (Total): 35’ | 10.67 m
Team Pitching Boxes: 3’x4’ | 91x122 cm
Boards | Platforms: 2’x4’ | 61-122 cm
Area: 280 ft2 | 26 m2

Drawings include:
Cornhole | Bean Bag Toss side elevation, side (people), plan

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Volleyball Nets

Volleyball nets run the entire width of the court (29’6” | 9 m) and are held rigid by outer poles typically set 3’ | .91 m from the court. The center height of a volleyball net differs for men’s and women’s play with men’s nets regulated at a height of 7’ 11.69” | 2.43 m and women’s at 7’ 4.35” | 2.24 m. The dimensions of the playing court are identified by two antenna extending 32” | 80 cm above the net. Volleyball nets are 39” | 1 m from top to bottom and are constructed with a polypropylene or nylon netting with a mesh size of 3.9” | 10 cm and are capped with stiff headbands along the perimeters. Volleyball nets are typically  made with black netting with white headbands.

Elevation drawing measuring professional volleyball nets with dimensions and sizes
Volleyball nets run the width of the court (29’6” | 9 m) and are held rigid by outer poles typically set 3’ | .91 m from the court. The center height of a volleyball net differs for men’s and women’s play with men’s nets regulated at a height of 7’ 11.69” | 2.43 m and women’s at 7’ 4.35” | 2.24 m.

Elevation drawing measuring professional volleyball nets with dimensions and sizes
Volleyball Nets
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Height (Men’s): 7’ 11.69” | 2.43 m
Height (Women’s): 7’ 4.35” | 2.24 m
Width (Vertical): 39” | 1 m
Length (Between Poles): 36’ | 10.97 m
Pole Offset: 3’ | .91 m from court
Antenna: 32” | 80 cm
Above Floor: 4’1”-4’8” | 1.25-1.42 m
Net Mesh: 3.9” | 10 cm
Material: Polypropylene, nylon

Drawings include:
Volleyball Net front elevation, front (players)

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Beer Pong Racks & Re-Racks
Diagram drawing of all the possible Beer Pong Racks and Reracks available from 10 cups down to 1 cup formations

Beer pong racks, and subsequent re-racks, refer to the organization and formation of the beer pong cups on the table. Starting out with cups organized in triangular racks of 6 or 10 cups on both sides of the beer pong table, players must drink and remove any cups that have been successfully made by the opposing team. Depending on the rules established for the game, both teams are allowed one or two re-racks at the start of their turn. Re-racks are an opportunity to reorganize the remaining cups into a shape that is more desirable and/or an easier target for the team shooting. Re-rack rules in beer pong often vary, so it is always best to ask about the re-rack rules before starting a game.

Beer pong racks, and subsequent re-racks, refer to the organization and formation of the beer pong cups on the table. Starting out with cups in triangular racks of 6 or 10 cups on both sides of the table, players must drink and remove any cups that have been successfully made by the opposing team.

Beer Pong Racks & Re-Racks
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Typical Start: 10 or 6 cup
Re-Rack Rules: 1 or 2 Re-Racks per team at the start of the round

Drawings include:
Beer Pong Racks plan view (collection)

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Beer Pong Shot Techniques

Beer pong shot techniques refer to the various styles and rules of throwing the ping pong ball in a game of beer pong. Varying with team strategies and individual personal quirks when throwing the ball, the way you throw the ball has a direct impact on the game. Regardless of the shot type, players must throw the ball with their elbow behind the back edge of the table—this is referred to as the Elbow Rule. The three main throwing techniques used by beer pong players are the arc shot, the fastball or laser shot, and the bounce shot.

Arc shots are released higher and drop into the cups from above while fastball shots are thrown in a line directly at the back of the target cup. On the other hand, the bounce shot requires that the player bounces the ball beyond the center line of the table and into a cup in a single bounce. Opposing teams that see a player attempting a bounce shot have the opportunity to swat the ball away from the beer pong table after it bounces. Because bounce shots are difficult to sneak by the opposing team, successful bounce shots count as two cups.

Side elevation diagram illustrating typical Beer Pong Shot Techniques that include arc, laser, and bounce shots
Beer pong shot techniques refer to the various styles and rules of throwing the ping pong ball in a game of beer pong. The three main throwing techniques used by beer pong players are the arc shot, the fastball or laser shot, and the bounce shot.

Side elevation diagram illustrating typical Beer Pong Shot Techniques that include arc, laser, and bounce shots
Beer Pong Shot Techniques
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Arc: From above
Fastball | Laser: Straight and fast
Bounce: Beyond center line (2 Cups if successful)

Elbow Rule: Elbow cannot pass the table edge

Drawings include:
Beer Pong Shot Techniques side elevation diagram (people)

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