Sports Equipment

Sports equipment refers to the various gear and tools which are required for individuals or sporting teams to use when participating in a game. Sports equipment varies significantly between game types and can include balls, rackets, vehicles, footwear, and training attire that athletes and players use to make competitions more enjoyable and safe. Technology has also revolutionized sports equipment to include protective gear that can prevent injuries in a games—with some games prohibiting players from participating without the required equipment. Augmenting the required gear, wearables have also grown in usage in sports with athletes being able to measure and deliver performance data that can be monitored and improved upon to achieve peak athletic performance.

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Sports Equipment

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Billiards Racks

Billiards racks are pieces of sporting equipment used to place the billiard balls (to ‘rack’ the balls) into their starting locations for a game of pocket billiards. The two most popular variations of billiards racks are the triangle (Eight-ball) and the diamond (Nine-ball). Triangle racks have inner dimensions of 11.25” | 28.58 cm by 10“ | 25.51 cm and diamond racks are 6.75” | 17.15 cm by 10“ | 25.51 cm. Billiard racks are made out of a variety of material choices that commonly include wood, plastic or metal.

In eight-ball billiards, 15 balls are placed in the triangular rack with the eight ball in the center, the one ball at the apex, and a solid and stripe as the other two corners. In nine-ball billiards, balls one through nine are placed in numerical order (left to right) in the diamond shaped rack started from the apex.

Sizes and dimensions of eight ball and nine ball racks used in the game of Billiards | Pool
Billiards racks are pieces of sporting equipment used to place the billiard balls (to ‘rack’ the balls) into their starting locations for a game of pocket billiards. The two most popular variations of billiards racks are the triangle (Eight-ball) and the diamond (Nine-ball).

Sizes and dimensions of eight ball and nine ball racks used in the game of Billiards | Pool
Billiards Racks
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Width:
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Eight-Ball Rack: 15 ball triangle
Inner Width (Eight-Ball): 11.25” | 28.58 cm
Inner Height (Eight-Ball): 10“ | 25.51 cm
Nine-Ball Rack: 9 ball diamond
Inner Width (Nine-Ball): 6.75” | 17.15 cm
Inner Height (Nine-Ball): 10“ | 25.51 cm
Materials: Wood, plastic, metal

Drawings include:
Eight-ball Rack plan, Nine-ball rack plan

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9 Foot Billiards | Pool Table
Drawing with dimensions of the length and width of a 9' Billiards | Pool Table

9’ Billiards | Pool Tables are large and challenging tables suited for the most skilled billiards players. 9’ Tables have playing surfaces with a length of 100” | 254 cm, width of 50” | 127 cm, and are set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm high. A 9’ Pool Table has an overall size of 114” x 64” | 290 x 163 cm and a height of 32” | 81.3 cm. A clearance space of at least 12’2” x 16’4” | 3.71 x 4.98 m should be provided for a 9’ Billiards | Pool Table.

Front and side elevation drawings of the measurements of a 9' Billiards | Pool Table
9’ Billiards | Pool Tables are large and challenging tables suited for the most skilled billiards players. 9’ Tables have playing surfaces with a length of 100” | 254 cm, width of 50” | 127 cm, and are set at 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm high.

Front and side elevation drawings of the measurements of a 9' Billiards | Pool Table
9 Foot Billiards | Pool Table
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Surface Length: 100” | 254 cm
Surface Width: 50” | 127 cm
Surface Height: 29 1/4”-31” | 74.3-78.7 cm
Table Length: 114” | 290 cm
Table Width: 64” | 163 cm
Table Height: 32” | 81.3 cm

9’ Billiards | Pool Table Clearances
48” Cue:
12’2” x 16’4” | 3.71 x 4.98 m
52” Cue:
12’10” x 17’ | 3.91 x 5.18 m
58” Cue:
13’10” x 18’ | 4.21 x 5.49 m
Area (52” Clearance):
218 ft2 | 20.3 m2

Drawings include:
9' Billiards | Pool Table plan, side elevation, front elevation, room size clearance

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Basketball
Dimensioned drawing showing the circumference and diameter of a professional Basketball

Basketball sizes come in variations for different ages, genders, and level of play. The official NBA and competitive professional basketball is 29.5” | 74.9 cm in circumference with a diameter between 9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm. Professional basketballs must be inflated to a pressure between 7.5-8.5 PSI and cannot exceed the maximum weight of 22 ounces. When choosing a basketball, consider whether the play environment will be primarily outdoor or indoor because indoor basketballs perform best as full-grain leather constructions and outdoor basketballs are better as rubber.

Basketball sizes come in variations for different ages, genders, and levels of play. The professional NBA basketball is 29.5” | 74.9 cm in circumference with a diameter between 9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm. Basketballs have a pressure between 7.5-8.5 PSI and cannot exceed a weight of 22 ounces.

Basketball
Height:
Width:
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Depth:
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Area:

Circumference: 29.5” | 74.9 cm
Diameter: 9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm.
Pressure: 7.5-8.5 PSI
Weight: 22 ounces (maximum)
Material (Indoor): Full-grain leather
Material (Outdoor): Rubber

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Drawings include:
Basketball elevation

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Ice Hockey Goals

Ice hockey goals are placed on each end of the ice rink and are used for scoring points. To score a goal, the entire hockey puck must cross the goal that is being defended by the goalie (goalkeeper). For professional ice hockey, the opening of a goal is 72” | 180 cm wide, 48” | 120 cm high, and 40” | 100 cm deep. This opening is held rigid by a metal tube frame that is roughly 2” | 5 cm in diameter to the outside of the goal opening and is enclosed by a cloth net with a mesh opening size of 1 5/8” | 4.1 cm.

Front and side elevation drawings of an ice hockey goal with goalie and dimensions
Ice hockey goals are placed on each end of the ice rink and are used for scoring points. To score a goal, the entire puck must cross the goal that is being defended by the goalie. For professional ice hockey, the opening of a goal is 72” | 180 cm wide, 48” | 120 cm high, and 40” | 100 cm deep.

Front and side elevation drawings of an ice hockey goal with goalie and dimensions
Ice Hockey Goals
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
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Area:

Width (Inside): 72” | 180 cm
Height (Inside): 48” | 120 cm
Depth: 40” | 100 cm
Net Mesh Size: 1 5/8” | 4.1 cm
Poles (Diameter): 2” | 5 cm
Materials: Metal frame, cloth net mesh

Drawings include:
Ice hockey goal elevation, elevation (goalie), side

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Volleyball
Dimensions of a volleyball measuring circumference and diameter

Volleyballs are spherical balls made of leather or synthetic leather used to play the sport of volleyball. Volleyballs are regulated with circumferences between 25.6”-26.4”| 65-67 cm, weights of 9.2-9.9 oz | 260-280 g, and must maintain an internal pressure of 0.30–0.325 kg/cm2. The diameter of a volleyball is between 8.15”-8.4” | 20.7-21.3 cm.

Volleyballs are spherical balls made of leather or synthetic leather used to play the sport of volleyball. Volleyballs are regulated with circumferences between 25.6”-26.4”| 65-67 cm, weights of 9.2-9.9 oz | 260-280 g, and must maintain an internal pressure of 0.30–0.325 kg/cm2.

Volleyball
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Circumference: 25.6”-26.4” | 65-67 cm
Diameter: 8.15”-8.4” | 20.7-21.3 cm
Weight: 9.2-9.9 oz | 260-280 g
Pressure (Internal): 4.3-4.6 psi | .30–.33 kg/cm2
Material: Leather, synthetic leather

Drawings include:
Volleyball elevation

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