Solar Panels

Solar Panels

Description
Description

Solar panels, also known as photovoltaic (PV) cells, are devices that convert sunlight directly into electricity. Each panel is made up of many small cells that capture sunlight and, through a process called the photovoltaic effect, generate electrical current. Typically, these cells are made from silicon, a semiconductor material. When sunlight hits the cells, it frees electrons, creating an electric current. Solar panels can be installed in a variety of locations, from rooftops to vast fields. Whether it's a small setup powering a single home or a large solar farm delivering energy to the grid, these panels harness the sun's energy for power.

History
History

The journey of solar panels began in the 19th century with the discovery of the photovoltaic effect by Alexandre-Edmond Becquerel. In the 1950s, the first silicon photovoltaic cell was developed, marking a pivotal moment. Initially used for space missions, solar technology eventually found its way to Earth, growing in efficiency and affordability. From space satellites to rooftops, solar panels underwent a transformation, both in design and application, becoming more accessible to the general public over the decades.

Future
Future

Solar energy is set to shine brighter, with panels becoming more efficient and affordable. Newer designs blend seamlessly into buildings, making urban integration smoother. Advanced materials like perovskites promise higher energy conversion rates. However, challenges lie in storage solutions, ensuring consistent power during non-sunny hours. Environmental concerns, such as recycling old panels, and land usage for solar farms, also need addressing. Still, as renewable energy's importance grows, solar remains a crucial player in the transition to cleaner power sources.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How does a solar panel work?

Solar panels contain cells that absorb sunlight. These cells are made of semiconductor materials, like silicon. When sunlight hits the cells, it frees electrons from their atoms. This movement of electrons creates an electric current, which can then be harnessed to power homes, gadgets, or even vehicles. Essentially, they convert sunlight into electricity.

How much power does a typical solar panel produce?

A typical solar panel used for residential purposes produces around 250 to 300 watts of power under ideal sunlight conditions. That means, during a sunny day, one panel might produce enough energy to power small appliances. The actual output depends on factors like sunlight intensity and panel efficiency.

How long does a solar panel last?

Solar panels generally last about 25 to 30 years. However, this doesn't mean they stop producing electricity after this period. Instead, their efficiency slightly decreases over time. By the end of their life, they might operate at around 80% of their original capacity, still providing a significant amount of power.

Fixtures

* Under Development *

2’7”, 4’3” | 79, 130 cm
Variable
4’, 7’10” | 123, 239 cm
Solar Panel - Flat Roof Mounted, Landscape
130.000
239.000
500
https://p3d.in/e/XlEca
GUIDE
3D
Solar Panel - Flat Roof Mounted, LandscapeView of Landscape Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panel in 3D available for downloadView of Landscape Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panel in 3D available for download
3’8” | 111 cm
Variable
4’11” | 150 cm
Solar Panel - Flat Roof Mounted, Portrait
111.000
150.000
500
https://p3d.in/e/tGofr
GUIDE
3D
Solar Panel - Flat Roof Mounted, Portrait3D model of Portrait Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panel viewed in perspective3D model of Portrait Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panel viewed in perspective
6” | 15 cm
Variable
Variable
Solar Panel - Flush Mounted
15.000
200
https://p3d.in/e/E5Vso
GUIDE
3D
Solar Panel - Flush MountedPerspective view of a 3D model of Flush Mounted Solar PanelPerspective view of a 3D model of Flush Mounted Solar Panel
8’ | 244 cm
Variable
11’10” | 361 cm
Solar Panel - Ground Mounted, Landscape
244.000
361.000
3800
https://p3d.in/e/QutCv
GUIDE
3D
Solar Panel - Ground Mounted, Landscape3D model of Landscape Ground Mounted Solar Panel viewed in perspective3D model of Landscape Ground Mounted Solar Panel viewed in perspective
6’9” | 205 cm
Variable
9’4” | 285 cm
Solar Panel - Ground Mounted, Portrait
205.000
285.000
3800
https://p3d.in/e/U1Y3W
GUIDE
3D
Solar Panel - Ground Mounted, PortraitView of Portrait Ground Mounted Solar Panel in 3D available for downloadView of Portrait Ground Mounted Solar Panel in 3D available for download
64”, 76.5” | 163, 194 cm
39”, 51.5” | 99, 131 cm
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
Solar Panel - Monocrystalline
194.000
131.000
5.000
10000
https://p3d.in/e/VCpBw
GUIDE
3D
Solar Panel - Monocrystalline3D model of Monocrystalline Solar Panel viewed in perspective3D model of Monocrystalline Solar Panel viewed in perspective
8’ | 2.44 m (Pole Max)
5’4” | 1.63 m
3’3”-13’ | .99-3.96 m
Solar Panel - Pole Mounted
244.000
163.000
396.000
700
https://p3d.in/e/YOXiI
GUIDE
3D
Solar Panel - Pole MountedPerspective view of a 3D model of Pole Mounted Solar PanelPerspective view of a 3D model of Pole Mounted Solar Panel
64”, 76.5” | 163, 194 cm
39”, 51.5” | 99, 131 cm
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
Solar Panel - Polycrystalline
194.000
131.000
5.000
4100
https://p3d.in/e/dPoq2
GUIDE
3D
Solar Panel - PolycrystallineView of Polycrystalline Solar Panel in 3D available for downloadView of Polycrystalline Solar Panel in 3D available for download
15.5” | 39 cm (Max)
Varies (Continuous roll)
.2”-.6” | 5-15 mm
Solar Panel - Thin-Film
39.000
1.500
830
https://p3d.in/e/R8Lsn
GUIDE
3D
Solar Panel - Thin-FilmPerspective view of a 3D model of Thin-Film Solar PanelPerspective view of a 3D model of Thin-Film Solar Panel
Solar Panel - Polycrystalline
Scale illustration of Polycrystalline Solar Panel compared to other retaining solar panels

Polycrystalline solar panels, recognizable by their bluish hue, are made from multiple silicon crystals melted together. Unlike their monocrystalline counterparts, which use single-crystal silicon, polycrystalline panels form when raw silicon is melted and cooled in a mold, resulting in various crystals in each cell. This mosaic of crystals gives them their signature look. Their production is less energy-intensive and wasteful, making them more cost-effective. However, the multiple crystal boundaries reduce their efficiency, typically ranging between 15-17%. Their grainy appearance and slightly reduced space-efficiency are trade-offs for their more attractive price point compared to monocrystalline panels.

Polycrystalline Solar Panels are manufactured in 60, 72, and 96 cell configurations with a solar efficiency between 14-17%. Polycrystalline Solar Panels have typical heights of 64”, 76.5” (163, 194 cm), widths of 39”, 51.5” (99, 131 cm), and depths between 1.2”-2” (3-5 cm). Solar cell sizes are 6” x 6” (15 x 15 cm).

Group of dimensioned illustrations of Polycrystalline Solar Panel seen in elevation and plan
Polycrystalline solar panels, recognizable by their bluish hue, are made from multiple silicon crystals melted together. Unlike their monocrystalline counterparts, polycrystalline panels form when raw silicon is melted and cooled in a mold, resulting in various crystals in each cell.

Polycrystalline Solar Panels are manufactured in 60, 72, and 96 cell configurations with a solar efficiency between 14-17%. Polycrystalline Solar Panels have typical heights of 64”, 76.5” (163, 194 cm), widths of 39”, 51.5” (99, 131 cm), and depths between 1.2”-2” (3-5 cm). Solar cell sizes are 6” x 6” (15 x 15 cm).

Group of dimensioned illustrations of Polycrystalline Solar Panel seen in elevation and plan
Solar Panel - Polycrystalline
Height:
64”, 76.5” | 163, 194 cm
Width:
39”, 51.5” | 99, 131 cm
Length:
Depth:
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
Weight:
Area:

Cells: 60, 72, 96
Cell Size:
6” x 6” | 15 x 15 cm
Efficiency Rates: 14-17%

Materials
Polycrystalline solar cells
Manufacturer

Drawings include:
Polycrystalline Solar Panel plan (various sizes), elevation

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Solar Panel - Thin-Film
Style and size comparison drawing of Thin-Film Solar Panel compared to other solar panels

Thin-film solar panels are markedly different from traditional crystalline silicon panels. Composed of layers of semiconductor materials only a few micrometers thick, they are lightweight and flexible. Their sleek appearance, adaptability, and ability to be integrated into windows or curved surfaces set them apart. Produced by depositing photovoltaic material on glass or metal, they are less efficient than their crystalline counterparts, typically achieving around 10-12% efficiency. However, their flexibility, ease of production, and potential for varied applications make them appealing. While they occupy more space for the same output, their aesthetic and versatile installation options can outweigh efficiency concerns for some users.

Thin-Film Solar Panels are manufactured as a continuous surface with a solar efficiency between 7-18%. Thin-Film Solar Panels have a typical roll height of 15.5” (39 cm), thickness of .2”-.6” (5-15 mm), and a maximum solar cell surface width of 13.75” (35 cm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of Thin-Film Solar Panel viewed from the front and plan
Thin-film solar panels are markedly different from traditional crystalline silicon panels. Composed of layers of semiconductor materials only a few micrometers thick, they are lightweight and flexible. They have a sleek appearance and ability to be integrated into windows or curved surfaces.

Thin-Film Solar Panels are manufactured as a continuous surface with a solar efficiency between 7-18%. Thin-Film Solar Panels have a typical roll height of 15.5” (39 cm), thickness of .2”-.6” (5-15 mm), and a maximum solar cell surface width of 13.75” (35 cm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of Thin-Film Solar Panel viewed from the front and plan
Solar Panel - Thin-Film
Height:
15.5” | 39 cm (Max)
Width:
Varies (Continuous roll)
Length:
Depth:
.2”-.6” | 5-15 mm
Weight:
Area:

Cells: Continuous surface
Cell Size: 13.75” | 35 cm (Max)
Efficiency Rates: 7-18%

Materials
Amorphous silicon solar cells
Manufacturer

Drawings include:
Thin-Film Solar Panel plan (various sizes), elevation

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Solar Panel - Flat Roof Mounted, Portrait
Comparison drawing of Portrait Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panel compared to solar panel mounts

Flat roof-mounted solar panels are specifically designed for roofs with minimal to no pitch. Opting for a portrait orientation, where panels are vertical with the short side at the bottom, can efficiently utilize roof space, especially on narrower sections. This orientation often reduces potential shadowing from adjacent panels or structures. On flat roofs, portrait-mounted panels can be angled for optimal sun exposure, ensuring maximum energy capture. The vertical setup not only enhances rainwater runoff, minimizing dirt accumulation on the panels, but also presents aerodynamic benefits, diminishing wind-related stresses. This combination ensures efficient energy generation while accommodating roof specifics.

Portrait Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panels are commonly available with one row of panels and varied lengths based on the desired panel quantity. The system height is 3’8” (111 cm) with a depth of 4’11” (150 cm). The solar angle should be between 10-30 degrees.

Scaled set of drawings of Portrait Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panel in side and top views
Flat roof-mounted solar panels are specifically designed for roofs with minimal to no pitch. Opting for a portrait orientation, where panels are vertical with the short side at the bottom, can efficiently utilize roof space, especially on narrower sections.

Portrait Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panels are commonly available with one row of panels and varied lengths based on the desired panel quantity. The system height is 3’8” (111 cm) with a depth of 4’11” (150 cm). The solar angle should be between 10-30 degrees.

Scaled set of drawings of Portrait Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panel in side and top views
Solar Panel - Flat Roof Mounted, Portrait
Height:
3’8” | 111 cm
Width:
Variable
Length:
Depth:
4’11” | 150 cm
Weight:
Area:

Solar Angle: 10-30 degrees

Materials
Steel or aluminum support structures
Manufacturer

Drawings include:
Portrait Flat Roof Mounted Solar Panel plan (various sizes), front, back, side

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Solar Panel - Ground Mounted, Landscape
Comparison drawing of Landscape Ground Mounted Solar Panel compared to solar panel mounts

Ground-mounted solar panels in landscape orientation are designed to capitalize on vast land areas, facilitating efficient energy capture. With the long side at the bottom, landscape panels sprawl horizontally, offering an expansive solar-absorbing surface. This design optimally captures sunlight throughout the day. Ground mounts are versatile, allowing for adjustable tilt angles to match the sun's path, boosting energy production. The elevated structures ensure easy under-panel maintenance and promote airflow, which helps in cooling the panels. Landscape ground mounts are also environmentally considerate, often allowing vegetation growth beneath, merging energy production with natural surroundings.

Landscape Ground Mounted Solar Panels are commonly available with four rows of panels and varied lengths based on the desired panel quantity. The system height is 8’ (244 cm) with a depth of 11’10” (361 cm). The solar angle should be between 10-30 degrees.

Scaled set of drawings of Landscape Ground Mounted Solar Panel in side and top views
Ground-mounted solar panels in landscape orientation are designed to capitalize on vast land areas, facilitating efficient energy capture. With the long side at the bottom, landscape panels sprawl horizontally, offering an expansive solar-absorbing surface.

Landscape Ground Mounted Solar Panels are commonly available with four rows of panels and varied lengths based on the desired panel quantity. The system height is 8’ (244 cm) with a depth of 11’10” (361 cm). The solar angle should be between 10-30 degrees.

Scaled set of drawings of Landscape Ground Mounted Solar Panel in side and top views
Solar Panel - Ground Mounted, Landscape
Height:
8’ | 244 cm
Width:
Variable
Length:
Depth:
11’10” | 361 cm
Weight:
Area:

Solar Angle: 10-30 degrees

Materials
Steel or aluminum support structures
Manufacturer

Drawings include:
Landscape Ground Mounted Solar Panel plan (various sizes), front, back, side

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Solar Panel - Pole Mounted
Style and size comparison drawing of Pole Mounted Solar Panel compared to other solar panel mounts

Pole mounted solar panels are affixed atop tall poles, elevating them above the ground. This mounting technique offers several advantages: it allows panels to capture sunlight above potential ground-level obstructions, provides natural cooling due to increased airflow, and utilizes vertical space, conserving land area. Additionally, some pole mounts incorporate tracking systems, enabling panels to rotate and follow the sun's path throughout the day, optimizing energy capture. This adaptability can significantly boost energy yield compared to fixed-angle installations. While pole mounts are versatile and efficient, their installation may be more complex, and they can be visually more prominent than ground or rooftop systems.

Pole Mounted Solar Panels are commonly available with one to four rows of landscape oriented solar panels. The maximum pole height is 8’ (2.44 m) with a panel width of 5’4” (1.63 m) and a total system depth of 3’3”-13’ (.99-3.96 m). The solar angle should be between 10-40 degrees.

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of Pole Mounted Solar Panel viewed from the front and plan
Pole mounted solar panels are affixed atop tall poles, elevating them above the ground. This mounting technique offers several advantages: it allows panels to capture sunlight above potential ground-level obstructions, provides natural cooling due to increased airflow, and utilizes vertical space.

Pole Mounted Solar Panels are commonly available with one to four rows of landscape oriented solar panels. The maximum pole height is 8’ (2.44 m) with a panel width of 5’4” (1.63 m) and a total system depth of 3’3”-13’ (.99-3.96 m). The solar angle should be between 10-40 degrees.

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of Pole Mounted Solar Panel viewed from the front and plan
Solar Panel - Pole Mounted
Height:
8’ | 2.44 m (Pole Max)
Width:
5’4” | 1.63 m
Length:
Depth:
3’3”-13’ | .99-3.96 m
Weight:
Area:

Solar Angle: 10-40 degrees

Materials
Steel or aluminum support structures
Manufacturer

Drawings include:
Pole Mounted Solar Panel plan (various sizes), front, back, side

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads