Sports Balls

Sports Balls

Description
Description

Sports balls are spherical objects designed for use in various sports and recreational activities. They come in diverse types and styles, each tailored to the demands of a specific sport. Examples include soccer balls for soccer, basketballs for basketball, and tennis balls for tennis. These balls are made from materials like leather, rubber, or synthetic compounds to optimize performance. Their sizes, weights, and textures vary to suit the unique requirements of different sports, facilitating accurate passing, dribbling, and striking. Sports balls are used in a wide range of settings, from professional stadiums to local parks, forming the core equipment of countless sports and games.

History
History

Sports balls have a rich and ancient past, evolving alongside the development of sports themselves. Initially, balls were crafted from materials like animal bladders, leather, and even human heads in some cultures. Over time, innovations in manufacturing led to more standardized designs. The 19th century saw the emergence of specific ball designs for various sports, such as the soccer ball's iconic spherical shape.

Advancements in materials, like rubber and synthetic compounds, improved durability and performance. Today, sports balls are finely engineered, with each type tailored to the unique demands of its respective sport, reflecting centuries of design evolution.

Future
Future

The future of sports balls will likely see continued innovation in materials and design. Advances in aerodynamics may lead to soccer balls with enhanced flight stability or golf balls with superior distance and accuracy. Smart technology integration, like sensors in basketballs for tracking performance metrics, could become commonplace. Eco-friendly materials and manufacturing processes will align with sustainability trends.

Adaptations for accessibility may include balls with tactile features for visually impaired athletes. Overall, sports balls will remain integral to sports and recreation, evolving to optimize performance, durability, and inclusivity while embracing technology and sustainable practices.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How have advancements in technology impacted the design of sports balls?

Advancements in technology have revolutionized sports ball design. Materials like synthetic compounds and advanced polymers offer improved durability and performance. Aerodynamic simulations help optimize shapes for better flight stability. Smart technology integration allows for tracking performance data in real-time. These innovations have led to more efficient and responsive sports balls, enhancing gameplay across a range of sports, from soccer to golf and beyond.

How are sports balls tested and approved for official use in competitions?

Sports balls undergo rigorous testing and approval processes to meet official standards. Testing involves evaluating factors like size, weight, circumference, and rebound characteristics. They are subjected to impact, durability, and performance assessments. Governing bodies, such as FIFA for soccer or the NBA for basketball, set specific criteria. If a ball passes these tests, it receives official certification and approval for use in competitive events, ensuring fairness and consistency in play.

How do air pressure and inflation affect the bounce and play of various sports balls?

Air pressure and inflation significantly impact the performance of sports balls. Inflating a ball to the correct pressure ensures it bounces predictably and consistently. Overinflation can make a ball harder and less responsive, while underinflation reduces its bounce and makes it feel sluggish. Proper inflation is crucial for maintaining the balance between playability and safety in various sports, from soccer to basketball and tennis.

Sports

* Under Development *

6.68”-6.76” | 16.9-17.2 cm (Short)
11”-11.25” | 28-29 cm
14-15 oz | 400-425 g
American Football
17.200
29.000
0.425
5600
https://p3d.in/e/RDbUd
GUIDE
3D
American FootballView of a American Football in 3D available for downloadView of a American Football in 3D available for download
2.86”-2.94” | 7.3-7.5 cm (Diameter)
5-5.25 oz | 142-149 g
Baseball
7.500
0.149
3600
https://p3d.in/e/YLyi6
GUIDE
3D
BaseballPerspective view of a 3D model of a BaseballPerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball
9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm
Basketball
24.200
https://p3d.in/e/cHJyj
GUIDE
3D
BasketballPerspective view of a 3D model of the BasketballPerspective view of a 3D model of the Basketball
2.06"-2.69" | 52.5-68 mm (Diameter)
Billiard Balls
2.690
800
GUIDE
3D
Billiard Balls
4.5” | 11 cm (Diameter)
2.2-2.42 lb | 1-1.1 kg
Bowling Ball - Candlepin
11.000
1.100
70
https://p3d.in/e/OYuLR
GUIDE
3D
Bowling Ball - CandlepinView of a Candlepin Bowling Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Candlepin Bowling Ball in 3D available for download
4.75”-5” | 12.1-12.7 cm (Diameter)
3.3-3.75 lb | 1.5-1.7 kg
Bowling Ball - Five-Pin & Duckpin
12.700
1.700
75
https://p3d.in/e/Kthod
GUIDE
3D
Bowling Ball - Five-Pin & DuckpinPerspective view of a 3D model of a Bowling Ball (Five-Pin & Duckpin)Perspective view of a 3D model of a Bowling Ball (Five-Pin & Duckpin)
8.595” | 21.83 cm (Diameter)
10-16 lb | 4.54-7.26 kg (Max)
Bowling Ball - Ten-Pin
21.830
7.260
40
https://p3d.in/e/iHChp
GUIDE
3D
Bowling Ball - Ten-Pin3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball viewed in perspective3D model of a Ten-Pin Bowling Ball viewed in perspective
2.8”-2.86” | 7.1-7.26 cm (Diameter)
5.5-5.75 oz | 156-163 g
Cricket Ball
7.260
0.164
3600
https://p3d.in/e/4RLvN
GUIDE
3D
Cricket BallView of a Cricket Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Cricket Ball in 3D available for download
8.5” | 21.59 cm (Diameter)
14 oz | 410 g
Dodgeball
21.590
0.410
350
https://p3d.in/e/No1M6
GUIDE
3D
DodgeballPerspective view of a 3D model of a DodgeballPerspective view of a 3D model of a Dodgeball
2.81”-2.94” | 71.3-74.8 mm (Diameter)
5.5-5.7 oz | 156-163 g
Field Hockey Ball
7.480
0.163
500
https://p3d.in/e/0zZ7O
GUIDE
3D
Field Hockey BallView of a Field Hockey Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Field Hockey Ball in 3D available for download
1.68” | 42.67 mm (Diameter)
1.62 oz | 45.93 g
Golf Ball
4.267
0.046
19000
https://p3d.in/e/23U9i
GUIDE
3D
Golf BallPerspective view of a 3D model of a Golf BallPerspective view of a 3D model of a Golf Ball
7.3”-7.5” | 185-191 mm (Diameter)
15-17 oz | 425-475 g
Handball - Size 3
19.100
0.475
1000
https://p3d.in/e/qrgdp
GUIDE
3D
Handball - Size 33D model of a Handball - Size III viewed in perspective3D model of a Handball - Size III viewed in perspective
2.47”-2.55” | 62.7-64.7 mm (Diameter)
5-5.2 oz | 140-147 g
Lacrosse Ball
6.470
0.147
8600
https://p3d.in/e/R39nn
GUIDE
3D
Lacrosse BallPerspective view of a 3D model of a Lacrosse BallPerspective view of a 3D model of a Lacrosse Ball
2.874”-2.972” | 73-75.5 mm (Diameter)
.78-.935 oz | 22-26.5 g
Pickleball
7.550
0.027
900
https://p3d.in/e/J6b8i
GUIDE
3D
Pickleball3D model of a Pickleball viewed in perspective3D model of a Pickleball viewed in perspective
1.57” | 40 mm (Diameter)
.095 oz | 2.7 g
Ping-Pong Ball
4.000
0.003
3320
https://p3d.in/e/LJdco
GUIDE
3D
Ping-Pong Ball3D model of a Ping-Pong Ball (Table Tennis Ball) viewed in perspective3D model of a Ping-Pong Ball (Table Tennis Ball) viewed in perspective
3”-3.5” | 7.6-8.9 cm (Diameter)
3.5-4.5 oz | 99-130 g
Polo Ball
8.900
0.130
250
https://p3d.in/e/P1Sou
GUIDE
3D
Polo BallView of a Polo Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Polo Ball in 3D available for download
2.25” | 57 mm (Diameter)
1.4 oz | 40 g
Racquetball
5.700
0.040
50
https://p3d.in/e/61ASv
GUIDE
3D
RacquetballPerspective view of a 3D model of a RacquetballPerspective view of a 3D model of a Racquetball
7.27”-7.77” | 18.46-19.74 cm (Short)
11”-12” | 28-30 cm
14-16 oz | 400-450 g
Rugby Ball
19.740
30.000
0.450
1700
https://p3d.in/e/5v5sY
GUIDE
3D
Rugby BallPerspective view of a 3D model of a Rugby BallPerspective view of a 3D model of a Rugby Ball
8.6”-9” | 22-23 cm (Diameter)
14-16 oz | 400-450 g
Soccer Ball | Football - Size 5
23.000
0.450
126000
https://p3d.in/e/bV91S
GUIDE
3D
Soccer Ball | Football - Size 5View of a Size 5 Soccer Ball (Football) in 3D available for downloadView of a Size 5 Soccer Ball (Football) in 3D available for download
3.82” | 9.7 cm (Diameter)
6.25-7 oz | 177-198 g
Softball
9.700
0.198
500
https://p3d.in/e/rT6i7
GUIDE
3D
Softball3D model of a Softball viewed in perspective3D model of a Softball viewed in perspective
1.56”-1.59” | 39.5-40.5 mm (Diameter)
.8-.9 oz | 23-25 g
Squash Ball
4.050
0.025
2500
https://p3d.in/e/p2cbE
GUIDE
3D
Squash Ball3D model of a Squash Ball viewed in perspective3D model of a Squash Ball viewed in perspective
2.575”-2.7” | 6.54-6.86 cm (Diameter)
1.975-2.095 oz | 56-59.4 g
Tennis Ball
6.860
59.400
72000
https://p3d.in/e/nVkNk
GUIDE
3D
Tennis BallView of a Tennis Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Tennis Ball in 3D available for download
8.15”-8.39” | 20.7-21.3 cm (Diameter)
9-10 oz | 260-280 g
Volleyball
21.300
0.280
5800
https://p3d.in/e/rUtQT
GUIDE
3D
VolleyballPerspective view of a 3D model of a VolleyballPerspective view of a 3D model of a Volleyball
8.5”-8.9” | 21.65-22.6 cm (Diameter)
14-16 oz | 400-450 g
Water Polo Ball - Size 5
22.600
0.450
2100
https://p3d.in/e/GxkJn
GUIDE
3D
Water Polo Ball - Size 53D model of a Size 5 Water Polo Ball viewed in perspective3D model of a Size 5 Water Polo Ball viewed in perspective
Field Hockey Ball
Size comparison diagram of the Field Hockey Ball compared to other similar sports balls

A Field Hockey Ball is used during a game of Field Hockey with the objective of shooting it towards the goal. A Field Hockey Ball is constructed out of solid plastic and is very hard. Sometimes, it also has a core made out of cork. A Field Hockey Ball for outdoor use is generally dimpled to have a consistent speed while playing on turf or wet surfaces. Typically, the color of the ball is white and is the same for both indoor and outdoor use. A Field Hockey Ball can be customized to a specific team or logo.

Field Hockey Balls have a diameter of 2.81”-2.94” (71.3-74.8 mm) and circumference of 8.82”-9.25” (22.4-23.5 cm). The mass of a Field Hockey Ball is between 5.5-5.7 oz (156-163 g).

Measured illustration of a Field Hockey Ball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
A Field Hockey Ball is used during a game of Field Hockey with the objective of shooting it towards the goal. A Field Hockey Ball is constructed out of solid plastic and is very hard. Sometimes, it also has a core made out of cork. A Field Hockey Ball for outdoor use is generally dimpled for speed.

Field Hockey Balls have a diameter of 2.81”-2.94” (71.3-74.8 mm) and circumference of 8.82”-9.25” (22.4-23.5 cm). The mass of a Field Hockey Ball is between 5.5-5.7 oz (156-163 g).

Measured illustration of a Field Hockey Ball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
Field Hockey Ball
Height:
2.81”-2.94” | 71.3-74.8 mm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
5.5-5.7 oz | 156-163 g
Area:

Circumference: 8.82”-9.25” | 22.4-23.5 cm

Materials: Solid plastic
Surface: Dimpled

Birthday

Drawings include:
Field Hockey Ball Elevations (various)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Rugby Ball
Scaled comparison drawings of the Rugby Ball and other sports balls

A Rugby Ball is used to play Rugby and is passed through players with purpose of scoring a goal. Regulations for the Rugby Ball are set by the World Rugby and Rugby League International Federation. Historically Rugby Balls were constructed from pig’s bladder.

Currently, Rugby Balls are made from synthetics that are weatherproof and allow the game to be consistent. A Rugby Ball is elongated in the form of an ellipse, has bumps to provide better grip, and has 4 panels. There are 4 different Rugby Ball sizes used by different age groups. Rugby Balls are available in different colors and designs on them.

Rugby Balls have a short diameter of 7.27”-7.77” (18.46-19.74 cm) and length of 11”-12” (28-30 cm), resulting in circumferences of 22.83”-24.41” (58-62 cm) on the short side and 29.13”-30.31” (74-77 cm) across the length. The mass of a Rugby Ball is between 14-16 oz (400-450 g) with a pressure between 9.5-10 psi (65.7-68.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Rugby Ball dimensioned with overall diameters and circumferences
A Rugby Ball is used to play Rugby and is passed through players with purpose of scoring a goal. Regulations for the Rugby Ball are set by the World Rugby and Rugby League International Federation. Historically Rugby Balls were constructed from pig’s bladder.

Rugby Balls have a short diameter of 7.27”-7.77” (18.46-19.74 cm) and length of 11”-12” (28-30 cm), resulting in circumferences of 22.83”-24.41” (58-62 cm) on the short side and 29.13”-30.31” (74-77 cm) across the length. The mass of a Rugby Ball is between 14-16 oz (400-450 g) with a pressure between 9.5-10 psi (65.7-68.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Rugby Ball dimensioned with overall diameters and circumferences
Rugby Ball
Height:
7.27”-7.77” | 18.46-19.74 cm (Short)
Width:
Length:
11”-12” | 28-30 cm
Depth:
Weight:
14-16 oz | 400-450 g
Area:

Circumference (Short): 22.83”-24.41” | 58-62 cm
Circumference (Long): 29.13”-30.31” | 74-77 cm
Pressure: 9.5-10 psi | 65.7-68.8 kPa

Materials: Leather, natural rubber, or synthetic surface; polyester backing

Birthday

Drawings include:
Rugby Ball Elevations (various)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Volleyball
Group of scaled illustrations of various sporting balls compared to the Volleyball

A Volleyball is the official ball used to play indoor Volleyball, beach Volleyball, and other variations of the Volleyball sport. A Volleyball has a sphere form and has 18 rectangular panels that are made of synthetic or genuine leather. The panels are arranged in 6 identical sections of 3 panels each. The Volleyball has a valve that allows its internal air pressure to be adjusted is available in a Youth or Adult version size. An indoor Volleyball is a solid white or a bright yellow color. A beach Volleyball is slightly larger than a standard indoor Volleyball, had a rougher exterior surface and a lower internal pressure. 

Volleyballs have a diameter of 8.15”-8.39” (20.7-21.3 cm) and circumference of 22.59”-26.34” (65-67 cm). The mass of a Volleyball is between 9-10 oz (260-280 g) with a pressure between 4.26-4.61 psi (29.4-31.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Volleyball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
A Volleyball is the official ball used to play indoor Volleyball, beach Volleyball, and other variations of the Volleyball sport. A Volleyball has a sphere form and has 18 rectangular panels that are made of synthetic or genuine leather. The panels are arranged in 6 identical sections of 3 panels.

Volleyballs have a diameter of 8.15”-8.39” (20.7-21.3 cm) and circumference of 22.59”-26.34” (65-67 cm). The mass of a Volleyball is between 9-10 oz (260-280 g) with a pressure between 4.26-4.61 psi (29.4-31.8 kPa).

Measured illustration of a Volleyball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
Volleyball
Height:
8.15”-8.39” | 20.7-21.3 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
9-10 oz | 260-280 g
Area:

Circumference: 22.59”-26.34” | 65-67 cm
Pressure: 4.26-4.61 psi | 29.4-31.8 kPa

Material: Leather, synthetic leather

Birthday

Drawings include:
Volleyball elevations (various)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Basketball
Dimensioned drawing showing the circumference and diameter of a professional Basketball

Basketball sizes come in variations for different ages, genders, and level of play. The official NBA and competitive professional basketball is 29.5” | 74.9 cm in circumference with a diameter between 9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm. Professional basketballs must be inflated to a pressure between 7.5-8.5 PSI and cannot exceed the maximum weight of 22 ounces. When choosing a basketball, consider whether the play environment will be primarily outdoor or indoor because indoor basketballs perform best as full-grain leather constructions and outdoor basketballs are better as rubber.

Basketball sizes come in variations for different ages, genders, and levels of play. The professional NBA basketball is 29.5” | 74.9 cm in circumference with a diameter between 9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm. Basketballs have a pressure between 7.5-8.5 PSI and cannot exceed a weight of 22 ounces.

Basketball
Height:
9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Circumference: 29.5” | 74.9 cm
Diameter: 9.43”-9.51” | 24-24.2 cm
Pressure: 7.5-8.5 PSI
Weight: 22 ounces (maximum)
Material (Indoor): Full-grain leather
Material (Outdoor): Rubber

Birthday

Drawings include:
Basketball elevation

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

American Football
Size comparison diagram of the American Football compared to other similar sports balls

An American Football is the leather spheroid ball used to play the sport of American Football. The form of an American Football is a prolate spheroid which allows players to easily tuck it under their arm. It is typically made of cow hide leather giving it its characteristic brown color and has 8 white laces. An American Football used in youth games or recreationally is usually made from rubber. An American Football has on its surface a pebble bump texture designed to make it easier to catch. The appearance and dimensions of the American Football are regulated by the National Football League.

American Footballs have a short diameter of 6.68”-6.76” (16.9-17.2 cm) and length of 11”-11.25” (28-29 cm), resulting in circumferences of 21”-21.25” (53-54 cm) on the short axis and 28”-28.5” (71-72 cm) in the long. The mass of a American Football is between 14-15 oz (400-425 g) with a pressure between 12.5-13.5 psi (86.2-93.1 kPa
).

Drawing of a American Football showing dimensioned analysis of the diameters and circumferences
An American Football is the leather ball used to play the sport of American Football. The form of an American Football is a prolate spheroid which allows players to easily tuck it under their arm. It is typically made of cow hide leather giving it its characteristic brown color and 8 laces.

American Footballs have a short diameter of 6.68”-6.76” (16.9-17.2 cm) and length of 11”-11.25” (28-29 cm), resulting in circumferences of 21”-21.25” (53-54 cm) on the short axis and 28”-28.5” (71-72 cm) in the long. The mass of a American Football is between 14-15 oz (400-425 g) with a pressure between 12.5-13.5 psi (86.2-93.1 kPa
).

Drawing of a American Football showing dimensioned analysis of the diameters and circumferences
American Football
Height:
6.68”-6.76” | 16.9-17.2 cm (Short)
Width:
Length:
11”-11.25” | 28-29 cm
Depth:
Weight:
14-15 oz | 400-425 g
Area:

Circumference (Short): 21”-21.25” | 53-54 cm
Circumference (Long): 28”-28.5” | 71-72 cm
Pressure: 12.5-13.5 psi | 86.2-93.1 kPa

Materials: Leather (cow hide)
Surface: 8 cross stitches

Birthday

Drawings include:
American Football elevations (various)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads