Brick bonds are patterns in which bricks are laid to provide stability to a wall and to enhance the aesthetic appeal of the finished construction. There are several different brick bonds that are commonly used, including the running bond, the stack bond, the English bond, the Flemish bond, and the herringbone bond. Each of these bonds has its own unique characteristics and is used in different construction projects based on the specific needs and design goals of the project. Some brick bonds are stronger and more durable than others, while others are more decorative and visually appealing. Ultimately, the choice of brick bond depends on the specific requirements of the project and the preferences of the builder or designer.
All brick bonds are structural to some extent, as they are used to hold bricks together in a wall and provide stability to the structure. However, some brick bonds are stronger and more durable than others, and are better suited for use in load-bearing walls or other structural applications. The most common and strongest brick bond is the English bond, which alternates courses of stretcher and header bricks to create a strong, cohesive wall.
The running bond is generally considered the weakest type of brick bond. In this bond, bricks are laid with their long sides (or stretchers) facing outwards, and each row of bricks is offset from the one above and below it by half a brick length. This bond is relatively simple and easy to lay, and is commonly used in non-load bearing walls or decorative applications.
The herringbone brick bond is probably the most playful and visually interesting of the commonly used brick bonds. It is characterized by rows of bricks that are laid at a 45-degree angle to create a pattern that looks like the bones of a fish (hence the name "herringbone").