Bushes | Shrubs

Bushes | Shrubs

Description
Description

Shrubs, also described interchangeably as bushes, are small to medium-sized plants with woody above ground stems. With multiple stems and heights that are shorter than trees, shrubs are distinguished from bushes by being cultivated and shaped in garden settings (bushes are often understood as occurring in the wild) and more upright foliage (bushes have foliage that droop closer to the ground).

Common Questions
Common Questions
What are shrubs?

Shrubs are small to medium-sized plants that are smaller than trees and are characterized by their woody stems that occur above ground.

What is the difference between a shrub and a bush?

While there is no defined horticultural difference between the usage of the term shrub or bush, shrubs are generally understood to be plants that are cultivate and shaped in garden settings and typically have vertical foliage that doesn’t encroach the ground.

What is an example of a popular shrub?

Hydrangeas and Lilacs are both very popular flowering shrubs that are iconic additions to any garden.

Plants

* Under Development *

12’-20’ | 3.7-6.1 m
15.75’-19.4’ | 4.8-5.9 m (Spread)
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm (Trunk)
10’-12’ | 3-3.7 m (Leaf)
Bottle Palm
610.000
590.000
80.000
370.000
20800
GUIDE
3D
Bottle Palm
4.9’-6.6’ | 1.5-2 m
6.9’-12.8’ | 2.1-3.9 m (Diameter)
11.8”-31.5” | 30-80 cm (Trunk)
39”-79” | 100-200 cm (Leaf)
Burrawang
200.000
390.000
80.000
200.000
700
GUIDE
3D
Burrawang
5.9’-7.9’ | 1.8-2.4 m
4.3’-10.8’ | 1.3-3.3 m (Diameter)
5.9”-11.8” | 15-30 cm (Trunk)
27.5”-71” | 70-180 cm (Leaf)
Chestnut Dioon
240.000
330.000
30.000
180.000
9800
GUIDE
3D
Chestnut Dioon
6.6’-9.8’ | 2-3 m
3.8’-7.5’ | 1.15-2.3 m (Diameter)
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
27.5”-59” | 70-150 cm (Leaf)
Dukou Cycad
300.000
230.000
40.000
150.000
1700
GUIDE
3D
Dukou Cycad
13.1’-23’ | 4-7 m
10.8’-16’ | 3.3-4.9 m (Diameter)
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm (Trunk)
6’-9’ | 183-274 cm (Leaf)
Eastern Cape Giant Cycad
700.000
490.000
40.000
274.000
500
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Cape Giant Cycad
8’-13.1’ | 2.4-4 m
11.5’-15.75’ | 3.5-4.8 m (Spread)
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm (Trunk)
18”-24” | .45-.61 m (Leaf)
European Fan Palm
400.000
480.000
25.000
61.000
5200
GUIDE
3D
European Fan Palm
3.9’-11.8’ | 1.2-3.6 m
9.8’-15.6’ | 3-4.75 m (Diameter)
12”-16” | 30.5-41 cm (Trunk)
59”-83” | 150-210 cm (Leaf)
Giant Dioon
360.000
475.000
41.000
210.000
1700
GUIDE
3D
Giant Dioon
3.3’-6.6’ | 1-2 m
3.6’-11.5’ | 1.1-3.5 m (Diameter)
7.9”-11.8” | 20-30 cm (Trunk)
20”-59” | 50-150 cm (Leaf)
King Sago
200.000
350.000
30.000
150.000
73000
GUIDE
3D
King Sago
3’-5.9’ | .9-1.8 m
3.9’-7.9’ | 1.2-2.4 m (Spread)
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
15”-20” | .38-.51 m (Leaf)
Needle Palm
180.000
240.000
40.000
51.000
5100
GUIDE
3D
Needle Palm
13.1’-23’ | 4-7 m
9.8’-19’ | 3-5.8 m (Diameter)
24”-36” | 61-91 cm (Trunk)
4.9’-9.8’ | 150-300 cm (Leaf)
Pineapple Cycad
700.000
580.000
91.000
300.000
600
GUIDE
3D
Pineapple Cycad
5.9’-9.8’ | 1.8-3 m
5.9’-7.9’ | 1.8-2.4 m (Spread)
3”-6” | 7.6-15.2 cm (Trunk)
2’-3.9’ | .6-1.2 m (Leaf)
Pygmy Date Palm
300.000
240.000
15.200
120.000
44000
GUIDE
3D
Pygmy Date Palm
3.6’-7.2’ | 1.1-2.2 m
3’-5.9’ | .9-1.8 m (Diameter)
5.9”-11.8” | 15-30 cm (Trunk)
39”-79” | 100-200 cm (Leaf)
Teosinte
220.000
180.000
30.000
200.000
500
GUIDE
3D
Teosinte
1.6’-9.8’ | .5-3 m
5.25’-9.2’ | 1.6-2.8 m (Diameter)
9.8”-17.7” | 25-45 cm (Trunk)
47”-87” | 120-220 cm (Leaf)
Zamia Palm
300.000
280.000
45.000
220.000
350
GUIDE
3D
Zamia Palm
3.3’-5.9’ | 1-1.8 m
4.6’-9.5’ | 1.4-2.9 m (Diameter)
11.8”-13.8” | 30-35 cm (Trunk)
39”-79” | 100-200 cm (Leaf)
Zululand Cycad
180.000
290.000
35.000
200.000
1200
GUIDE
3D
Zululand Cycad
Pineapple Cycad (Lepidozamia peroffskyana)
Scale illustration of an average Pineapple Cycad compared to other species of Cycads and a human

Pineapple Cycads (Lepidozamia peroffskyana) are found in eastern Australia in wet forests, forest margins, and coastal forests. It gets its name from the Russian nobleman and benefactor, Count Peroffsky. This tall, palm-like cycad is a favorite ornamental plant because it is slow-growing, easy to maintain, and long-lived. It has large arching dark green glossy leaves fountaining from the top on maturity and both male and female trees produce cones. Female cones are barrel-shaped and gray-green, while male cones are cylindrical and curved. These produce large and numerous seeds that are toxic. It can grow in places with lots of sunlight or some shade.

Pineapple Cycads have an overall height between 13.1’-23’ (4-7 m) and diameter of 9.8’-19’ (3-5.8 m). The trunk of the Pineapple Cycad has a diameter of 24”-36” (61-91 cm) with leaf lengths between 4.9’-9.8’ (150-300 cm).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Pineapple Cycad seen from the top and elevation views
Pineapple Cycad (Lepidozamia peroffskyana) is found in eastern Australia in wet forests, forest margins, and coastal forests. It gets its name from the Russian nobleman and benefactor, Count Peroffsky. This tall, palm-like cycad is a favorite ornamental plant because it is slow-growing and easy.

Pineapple Cycads have an overall height between 13.1’-23’ (4-7 m) and diameter of 9.8’-19’ (3-5.8 m). The trunk of the Pineapple Cycad has a diameter of 24”-36” (61-91 cm) with leaf lengths between 4.9’-9.8’ (150-300 cm).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Pineapple Cycad seen from the top and elevation views
Pineapple Cycad (Lepidozamia peroffskyana)
Height:
13.1’-23’ | 4-7 m
Width:
9.8’-19’ | 3-5.8 m (Diameter)
Length:
4.9’-9.8’ | 150-300 cm (Leaf)
Depth:
24”-36” | 61-91 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Lepidozamia peroffskyana

Drawings include:

Pineapple Cycad front elevation, plan view

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Teosinte (Dioon mejiae)
Size comparison drawing of the Teosinte compared to a person and other Cycad species

The name Teosinte (dioon mejiae) means “sacred ear”. This tree is also called teocsinte, teocinte, tusinte, or teocinta. It is found in Honduras and Nicaragua in tropical and subtropical environments, growing in places with both adequate and inadequate sunlight. It is beautiful and decorative, hence ideal for landscaping. The seeds are edible while the leaves are used in religious activities. This medium-to-large evergreen tree grows stiff, upright leaves coming out of the unbranched trunk with aerial stems that are well-developed. Male cones are spindle-shaped and pale brown, while female cones are large, ovoidal, and pale brown as well.

Teosintes have an overall height between 3.6’-7.2’ (1.1-2.2 m) and diameter of 3’-5.9’ (.9-1.8 m). The trunk of the Teosinte has a diameter of 5.9”-11.8” (15-30 cm) with leaf lengths between 39”-79” (100-200 cm).

Set of scaled drawings of the Teosinte viewed from the front and top with height and width dimensions
The name Teosinte (dioon mejiae) means “sacred ear”. This tree is also called teocsinte, teocinte, tusinte, or teocinta. It is found in Honduras and Nicaragua in tropical and subtropical environments, growing in places with both adequate and inadequate sunlight. It is beautiful and decorative.

Teosintes have an overall height between 3.6’-7.2’ (1.1-2.2 m) and diameter of 3’-5.9’ (.9-1.8 m). The trunk of the Teosinte has a diameter of 5.9”-11.8” (15-30 cm) with leaf lengths between 39”-79” (100-200 cm).

Set of scaled drawings of the Teosinte viewed from the front and top with height and width dimensions
Teosinte (Dioon mejiae)
Height:
3.6’-7.2’ | 1.1-2.2 m
Width:
3’-5.9’ | .9-1.8 m (Diameter)
Length:
39”-79” | 100-200 cm (Leaf)
Depth:
5.9”-11.8” | 15-30 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Dioon mejiae

Drawings include:

Teosinte front elevation, plan view

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Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis)
Size comparison drawing of the Bottle Palm compared to a person and other Palm species

The Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis) is native to Mauritius, specifically Round Island. It is also called palmiste gargoulette and has a large swollen trunk near the base. The position of the swollen trunk (when young) separates it from other plant species with swollen trunks. Besides, the black or orange fruits are much smaller, and their inflorescence branches in four orders. It prefers tropical or subtropical climates where there is no cold. It gets its name from its unique trunk shape, though its overall size is small but striking. It has long, slender, dark-green, graceful fronds. Bottle Palms are slow-growing, high salt-tolerant, and prefer well-drained wet soils.

Bottle Palms have an overall height between 12’-20’ (3.7-6.1 m) and spread diameter of 15.75’-19.4’ (4.8-5.9 m). The trunk of the Bottle Palm has a diameter of 23.6”-31.5” (60-80 cm) with leaf lengths between 10’-12’ (3-3.7 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Bottle Palm viewed from the front and top
The Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis) is native to Mauritius, specifically Round Island. It is also called palmiste gargoulette and has a large swollen trunk near the base. The position of the swollen trunk (when young) separates it from other plant species with swollen trunks.

Bottle Palms have an overall height between 12’-20’ (3.7-6.1 m) and spread diameter of 15.75’-19.4’ (4.8-5.9 m). The trunk of the Bottle Palm has a diameter of 23.6”-31.5” (60-80 cm) with leaf lengths between 10’-12’ (3-3.7 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Bottle Palm viewed from the front and top
Bottle Palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis)
Height:
12’-20’ | 3.7-6.1 m
Width:
15.75’-19.4’ | 4.8-5.9 m (Spread)
Length:
10’-12’ | 3-3.7 m (Leaf)
Depth:
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis

Drawings include:

Bottle Palm front elevation, plan view

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King Sago (Cycas revoluta)
Comparison drawing of the King Sago compared to similar Cycad species and a person

King Sago (Cycas revoluta) or Japanese sago or sago palm is found on the island of Kyushu and Ryukyu in Japan and also in southern China. This is on hillsides in tropical and subtropical climates. It is loved as a houseplant or for landscaping because of its ease of maintenance. One important feature of this evergreen plant is that it is long-lived, with palm-like leaves growing from the trunk. Besides, the leaves have spiny tips. King sago produces cones like those of pines, but no flowers. It grows well under limited shade or places with less sunlight. As a result, it is intolerant to cold and over-watered soils.

This thick shaggy trunk is where the dark green leaves grow and also support the crown. The plant has a slow growth rate, stout, and it favors warm temperate and subtropical climates, well-drained sandy soil, under partial or full sunlight. It may be drought tolerant. The plant is dioecious and toxic, but the pitch has edible starch that can be extracted to make sago.

King Sagos have an overall height between 3.3’-6.6’ (1-2 m) and diameter of 3.6’-11.5’ (1.1-3.5 m). The trunk of the King Sago has a diameter of 7.9”-11.8” (20-30 cm) with leaf lengths between 20”-59” (50-150 cm).

Scaled set of dimensioned drawings of the King Sago in front and top views
King Sago (Cycas revoluta) or Japanese sago or sago palm is found on the island of Kyushu and Ryukyu in Japan and also in southern China. This is on hillsides in tropical and subtropical climates. It is loved as a houseplant or for landscaping because of its ease of maintenance.

King Sagos have an overall height between 3.3’-6.6’ (1-2 m) and diameter of 3.6’-11.5’ (1.1-3.5 m). The trunk of the King Sago has a diameter of 7.9”-11.8” (20-30 cm) with leaf lengths between 20”-59” (50-150 cm).

Scaled set of dimensioned drawings of the King Sago in front and top views
King Sago (Cycas revoluta)
Height:
3.3’-6.6’ | 1-2 m
Width:
3.6’-11.5’ | 1.1-3.5 m (Diameter)
Length:
20”-59” | 50-150 cm (Leaf)
Depth:
7.9”-11.8” | 20-30 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cycas revoluta

Drawings include:

King Sago front elevation, plan view

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Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix)
Size comparison drawing of the Needle Palm compared to a person and other Palm species

The Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix) holds the record as the most cold-hardy palms around. It can be found in several parts of the south Atlantic state and eastern Gulf of the US, southern Alabama, and even South Carolina, grown as a specimen plant for small spaces. It favors subtropical climates or warm temperate climates. The fan or needle-like palm takes a shrub-like clumping form. It also has several stems emanating from a single base. The leaves have long petioles and many needle-like spines in between. The plant is dioecious, producing flowers in dense short clusters and fruits in a brown drupe. It prefers moist, well-drained soil.

Needle Palms have an overall height between 3’-5.9’ (.9-1.8 m) and spread diameter of 3.9’-7.9’ (1.2-2.4 m). The trunk of the Needle Palm has a diameter of 9.8”-15.75” (25-40 cm) with leaf lengths between 15”-20” (.38-.51 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Needle Palm viewed from the front and top
The Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix) holds the record as the most cold-hardy palms around. It can be found in several parts of the south Atlantic state and eastern Gulf of the US, southern Alabama, and even South Carolina, grown as a specimen plant for small spaces.

Needle Palms have an overall height between 3’-5.9’ (.9-1.8 m) and spread diameter of 3.9’-7.9’ (1.2-2.4 m). The trunk of the Needle Palm has a diameter of 9.8”-15.75” (25-40 cm) with leaf lengths between 15”-20” (.38-.51 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Needle Palm viewed from the front and top
Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix)
Height:
3’-5.9’ | .9-1.8 m
Width:
3.9’-7.9’ | 1.2-2.4 m (Spread)
Length:
15”-20” | .38-.51 m (Leaf)
Depth:
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Rhapidophyllum hystrix

Drawings include:

Needle Palm front elevation, plan view

Downloads

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