Cypresses | Cupressus

A Cypress is a type of coniferous tree that belongs to the Cupressaceae family and more narrowly in the Cupressoideae subfamily. It is characterized by its evergreen, cone-shaped foliage and its ability to grow in a variety of climates. Cypresses are known for their durability and resistance to pests and diseases, making them popular choices for landscaping and timber production.

For many communities, Cypresses (Cupressus) symbolize many things. It can symbolize death or mourning. These trees are not only found in the wild, but also in parks and gardens. In the wild, you can find cypresses in the Northern Hemisphere in places with warm temperate climates and well-drained but not waterlogged soils. These trees, together with their seeds, are drought-tolerant and highly adapted to forest fires. All the trees or shrubs in this category are large and evergreen and produce small seeds with two narrow wings and scale-like leaves that can exist for three to five years.

What are Cypress trees used for?

Cypress trees have a variety of uses, both practical and aesthetic. They are often used for landscaping and decorative purposes due to their attractive evergreen foliage and cone-shaped growth habit. Cypresses are also popular choices for use as windbreaks or privacy screens, as they can grow quite tall and provide a dense, protective barrier. Additionally, the wood of cypress trees is highly valued for its durability, resistance to rot, and attractive grain pattern. Some species of cypress are also grown for their essential oil, which is used in aromatherapy and perfumery.

What does cypress smell like?

Cypress trees have a distinct, woody scent that is often described as being fresh and slightly pine-like. Some people find the smell of cypress to be invigorating and uplifting, while others may find it to be a bit overwhelming. The smell of cypress can be particularly strong when the tree is freshly cut or when its foliage is crushed. Some people use cypress essential oil for its aromatic properties, as it is believed to have a calming and grounding effect when used in aromatherapy.

Do Cypress trees survive winter?

Yes, many species of cypress trees are able to survive winter weather. Cypresses are generally hardy trees that are well-adapted to a variety of climates, including those with cold winters. In general, cypress trees are able to survive winter by going into a state of dormancy, during which their growth slows down and their metabolism decreases. This allows them to conserve energy and resources until the arrival of spring, when they can resume active growth.

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Cypresses Guides
Browse through our curated Cypresses Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Cypresses. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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30’-50’ | 9.1-15.2 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
1’-2’ | .3-.61 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Arizona Cypress
1520.000
910.000
61.000
0.500
6000
GUIDE
3D
Arizona Cypress
30’-70’ | 9.1-21.3 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
2.6’-6.6’ | .8-2 m (Trunk)
.08”-.16” | 2-4 mm (Leaf)
Atlantic White Cypress
2130.000
910.000
200.000
0.400
2025
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic White Cypress
35’-50’ | 10.7-15.2 m
28’-35’ | 8.5-10.7 m (Spread)
1.6’-3.3’ | .5-1 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Baker Cypress
1520.000
1070.000
100.000
0.500
80
GUIDE
3D
Baker Cypress
52’-82’ | 15.8-25 m
15’-20’ | 4.6-6 m (Spread)
2.6’-3.3’ | .8-1 m (Trunk)
.04”-.08” | 1-2 mm (Leaf)
Chinese Cypress
2500.000
600.000
100.000
0.200
120
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Cypress
50’-75’ | 15.2-22.9 m
10’-30’ | 3-9.1 m (Spread)
3.3’-10’ | 1-3 m (Trunk)
.08”-.16” | 2-4 mm (Leaf)
Hinoki Cypress
2290.000
910.000
300.000
0.400
15650
GUIDE
3D
Hinoki Cypress
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
5’-10’ | 1.5-3 m (Spread)
1.6’-3.3’ | .5-1 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Italian Cypress
2130.000
300.000
100.000
0.500
15500
GUIDE
3D
Italian Cypress
49’-66’ | 15-20 m
13’-22’ | 4-6.7 m (Spread)
3.3’-9.8’ | 1-3 m (Trunk)
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm (Leaf)
Kashmir Cypress
2000.000
670.000
300.000
0.300
25
GUIDE
3D
Kashmir Cypress
40’-60’ | 12.2-18.3 m
10’-18’ | 3-5.5 m (Spread)
4’-9’ | 1.2-2.7 m (Trunk)
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm (Leaf)
Lawson Cypress
1830.000
550.000
270.000
0.500
1950
GUIDE
3D
Lawson Cypress
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
20’-80’ | 6.1-24.4 m (Spread)
3.3’-8.2’ | 1-2.5 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Monterey Cypress
2130.000
2440.000
250.000
0.500
3300
GUIDE
3D
Monterey Cypress
20’-35’ | 6.1-10.7 m
8’-15’ | 2.4-4.6 m (Spread)
1.6’-6.6’ | .5-2 m (Trunk)
.08”-.12” | 2-3 mm (Leaf)
Nootka Cypress
1070.000
460.000
200.000
0.300
350
GUIDE
3D
Nootka Cypress
25’-35’ | 7.6-10.7 m
20’-30’ | 6.1-9.1 m (Spread)
3’-5’ | .91-1.5 m (Trunk)
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm (Leaf)
Sawara False Cypress
1070.000
910.000
150.000
0.300
150
GUIDE
3D
Sawara False Cypress
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
1.6’-2.6’ | .5-.8 m (Trunk)
.05”-.08” | 1.2-2 mm (Leaf)
Tecate Cypress
910.000
910.000
80.000
0.200
80
GUIDE
3D
Tecate Cypress
Sawara False Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera)
Comparison drawing of the Sawara False Cypress compared to similar Cypress species and a person

The Sawara Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera), also known as Sawara Japanese, is a large coniferous evergreen tree that is part of the Cupressaceae family and has a pyramidal crown. The Sawara Cypress is native to central and southern Japan, specifically on the islands of Honshu and Kyushu. This tree grows slowly, has loosely placed branches covered by a red-brown bark that has a stringy texture. The foliage of the Sawara Cypress is arranged into flat sprays with leaves growing to resemble scales with pointed tips. The Sawara Cypress produces globose cones instead of flowers. The Sawara Cypress is not considered in danger of extinction.

Sawara False Cypresses have a typical overall height between 25’-35’ (7.6-10.7 m) and spread diameter of 20’-30’ (6.1-9.1 m). Exceptional mature Sawara False Cypress trees may grow to heights of 150’ (46 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Sawara False Cypress has a diameter of 3’-5’ (.91-1.5 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .06”-.12” (1.5-3 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Sawara False Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
The Sawara Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera), also known as Sawara Japanese, is a large coniferous evergreen tree that is part of the Cupressaceae family and has a pyramidal crown. The Sawara Cypress is native to central and southern Japan, specifically on the islands of Honshu and Kyushu.

Sawara False Cypresses have a typical overall height between 25’-35’ (7.6-10.7 m) and spread diameter of 20’-30’ (6.1-9.1 m). Exceptional mature Sawara False Cypress trees may grow to heights of 150’ (46 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Sawara False Cypress has a diameter of 3’-5’ (.91-1.5 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .06”-.12” (1.5-3 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Sawara False Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
Sawara False Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera)
Height:
25’-35’ | 7.6-10.7 m
Width:
20’-30’ | 6.1-9.1 m (Spread)
Length:
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
3’-5’ | .91-1.5 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
150’ | 46 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Chamaecyparis pisifera

Drawings include:

Sawara False Cypress front elevation, plan view

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Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)
Size comparison drawing of the Italian Cypress compared to a person and other Cypress species

The Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), also known as the Pencil Pine, is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree that grows into a columnar form. The Italian Cypress is native to the eastern Mediterranean region specifically in northeast Libya, southern Albania, and the southern coast of Croatia. The Italian Cypress is distinguished by its erect branches that grow branchlets that loosely hang from them. Its foliage is made up of dense sprays that are dark green in color and resemble rounded scales. The Italian Cypress is non-flowering and produces cones. The Italian Cypress is not in danger of extinction.

Italian Cypresses have a typical overall height between 40’-70’ (12.2-21.3 m) and spread diameter of 5’-10’ (1.5-3 m). Exceptional mature Italian Cypress trees may grow to heights of 115’ (35 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Italian Cypress has a diameter of 1.6’-3.3’ (.5-1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Italian Cypress viewed from the front and top
The Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), also known as the Pencil Pine, is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree that grows into a columnar form. The Italian Cypress is native to the eastern Mediterranean region specifically in northeast Libya, southern Albania, and the south of Croatia.

Italian Cypresses have a typical overall height between 40’-70’ (12.2-21.3 m) and spread diameter of 5’-10’ (1.5-3 m). Exceptional mature Italian Cypress trees may grow to heights of 115’ (35 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Italian Cypress has a diameter of 1.6’-3.3’ (.5-1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Italian Cypress viewed from the front and top
Italian Cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)
Height:
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
Width:
5’-10’ | 1.5-3 m (Spread)
Length:
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
1.6’-3.3’ | .5-1 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
115’ | 35 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cupressus sempervirens

Drawings include:

Italian Cypress front elevation, plan view

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Tecate Cypress (Cupressus forbesii)
Scale illustration of an average Tecate Cypress compared to other species of Cypresses and a human

The Tecate Cypress (Cupressus forbesii), also referenced as the Forbes’ Cypress is an evergreen coniferous cypress tree species that is known for being the only tree in which Thorne’s Hairstreak butterfly lays its eggs. The Tecate Cypress is native to the southwestern region of North America typically found within the montane chaparral and woodlands habitats in the western Peninsular Ranges. The bark of its trunk has a reddish to mahogany color that flakes off every year. The foliage of the Tecate Cypress ranges from a light to deep green coloring. The Tecate Cypress is non-flowering and produces seed cones. The Tecate Cypress is considered vulnerable to extinction.

Tecate Cypresses have a typical overall height between 15’-30’ (4.6-9.1 m) and spread diameter of 15’-30’ (4.6-9.1 m). Exceptional mature Tecate Cypress trees may grow to heights of 32.8’ (10 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Tecate Cypress has a diameter of 1.6’-2.6’ (.5-.8 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .05”-.08” (1.2-2 mm).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Tecate Cypress seen from the top and elevation views
The Tecate Cypress (Cupressus forbesii), also referenced as the Forbes’ Cypress is an evergreen coniferous cypress tree species that is known for being the only tree in which Thorne’s Hairstreak butterfly lays its eggs. The Tecate Cypress is native to the southwestern region of North America.

Tecate Cypresses have a typical overall height between 15’-30’ (4.6-9.1 m) and spread diameter of 15’-30’ (4.6-9.1 m). Exceptional mature Tecate Cypress trees may grow to heights of 32.8’ (10 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Tecate Cypress has a diameter of 1.6’-2.6’ (.5-.8 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .05”-.08” (1.2-2 mm).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Tecate Cypress seen from the top and elevation views
Tecate Cypress (Cupressus forbesii)
Height:
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m
Width:
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
Length:
.05”-.08” | 1.2-2 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
1.6’-2.6’ | .5-.8 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
32.8’ | 10 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cupressus forbesii

Drawings include:

Tecate Cypress front elevation, plan view

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Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
Comparison drawing of the Monterey Cypress compared to similar Cypress species and a person

The Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree that is known for its irregular silhouette and flat top. The Monterey Cypress naturally grows on the central coast of California in the United States. The foliage of the Monterey Cypress grows in dense sprays that are bright green and exude a deep lemon-like aroma when crushed. Its soft green leaves resemble scales and are created from rounded shoots. The Monterey Cypress produces cones and is non-flowering. As the tree matures it becomes broad and spreads with age. The Monterey Cypress is vulnerable to extinction.

Monterey Cypresses have a typical overall height between 40’-70’ (12.2-21.3 m) and spread diameter of 20’-80’ (6.1-24.4 m). Exceptional mature Monterey Cypress trees may grow to heights of 157’ (48 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Monterey Cypress has a diameter of 3.3’-8.2’ (1-2.5 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Monterey Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
The Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree that is known for its irregular silhouette and flat top. The Monterey Cypress naturally grows on the central coast of California in the United States. The foliage of the Monterey Cypress grows in dense sprays.

Monterey Cypresses have a typical overall height between 40’-70’ (12.2-21.3 m) and spread diameter of 20’-80’ (6.1-24.4 m). Exceptional mature Monterey Cypress trees may grow to heights of 157’ (48 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Monterey Cypress has a diameter of 3.3’-8.2’ (1-2.5 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Monterey Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
Height:
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
Width:
20’-80’ | 6.1-24.4 m (Spread)
Length:
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
3.3’-8.2’ | 1-2.5 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
157’ | 48 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cupressus macrocarpa

Drawings include:

Monterey Cypress front elevation, plan view

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Chinese Cypress (Cupressus duclouxiana)
Comparison drawing of the Chinese Cypress compared to similar Cypress species and a person

The Chinese Cypress (Cupressus ducloxiana), also known as the Yunnan Cypress, is a conifer evergreen tree that is typically grown to become an ornamental tree. The Chinese Cypress is native to China, specifically from Yunnan and Sichuan regions where it is found within the deep river gorges. The branches of the Chinese Cypress are slender, densely arranged, and twig-like. Its branchlets can either spread or droop and its leaves have a diamond shape that is typically ridged. The Chinese Cypress is non-flowering, but creates cones. It is not known if the Chinese Cypress is in danger of extinction.

Chinese Cypresses have a typical overall height between 52’-82’ (15.8-25 m) and spread diameter of 15’-20’ (4.6-6 m). Exceptional mature Chinese Cypress trees may grow to heights of 115’ (35 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Chinese Cypress has a diameter of 2.6’-3.3’ (.8-1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .04”-.08” (1-2 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Chinese Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
The Chinese Cypress (Cupressus ducloxiana), also known as the Yunnan Cypress, is a conifer evergreen tree that is typically grown to become an ornamental tree. The Chinese Cypress is native to China, specifically from Yunnan and Sichuan regions where it is found within the deep river gorges.

Chinese Cypresses have a typical overall height between 52’-82’ (15.8-25 m) and spread diameter of 15’-20’ (4.6-6 m). Exceptional mature Chinese Cypress trees may grow to heights of 115’ (35 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Chinese Cypress has a diameter of 2.6’-3.3’ (.8-1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .04”-.08” (1-2 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Chinese Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
Chinese Cypress (Cupressus duclouxiana)
Height:
52’-82’ | 15.8-25 m
Width:
15’-20’ | 4.6-6 m (Spread)
Length:
.04”-.08” | 1-2 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
2.6’-3.3’ | .8-1 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
115’ | 35 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cupressus duclouxiana

Drawings include:

Chinese Cypress front elevation, plan view

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