Cypresses | Cupressus

Cypresses | Cupressus

Description
Description

Cypresses, belonging to the genus Cupressus, are evergreen coniferous trees known for their durable, aromatic wood and distinctive, conical growth habit. Native primarily to the Northern Hemisphere, they thrive in a variety of climates, from temperate to Mediterranean regions. Cypresses have a long evolutionary history, with fossil records indicating their presence since the Cretaceous period.

These trees typically have small, scale-like leaves and produce small, round cones. They are highly valued for ornamental purposes, often planted in parks, gardens, and cemeteries. Cypresses are also important ecologically, providing habitat and food for wildlife. Their wood has historically been used for construction, shipbuilding, and carpentry, prized for its resistance to decay and insects.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Cypresses are evergreen trees recognized for their slender, conical shape, often with a pointed top. They have a straight trunk covered in fibrous, sometimes peeling bark. The leaves of cypresses are small, scale-like, and grow tightly against the branches, creating a dense foliage pattern. These trees produce small, spherical cones that mature over several years, eventually releasing seeds.

Cypresses have a moderate to slow growth rate but can live for several centuries, growing tall and sturdy. They are adaptable to different soil types but often prefer well-drained soils. Their elegant, upright growth and enduring greenery make them a favorite in landscapes and gardens.

Cultural Impact
Cultural Impact

Cypresses have a profound cultural and historical significance across various civilizations. In ancient times, their durable wood was highly valued for building ships and temples, notably in the Mediterranean region. Cypresses are often associated with mourning and are commonly found in cemeteries, symbolizing eternal life and the heavens in various cultures due to their tall, upward growth.

Their aesthetic appeal has made them a staple in classical and modern landscaping, featuring prominently in gardens and parks worldwide. Art and literature frequently reference cypresses, symbolizing strength, endurance, and immortality. Their distinct, elegant form and evergreen nature have made them an enduring symbol in both practical and symbolic realms throughout human history.

Common Questions
Common Questions
What are Cypress trees used for?

Cypress trees have a variety of uses, both practical and aesthetic. They are often used for landscaping and decorative purposes due to their attractive evergreen foliage and cone-shaped growth habit. Cypresses are also popular choices for use as windbreaks or privacy screens, as they can grow quite tall and provide a dense, protective barrier. Additionally, the wood of cypress trees is highly valued for its durability, resistance to rot, and attractive grain pattern. Some species of cypress are also grown for their essential oil, which is used in aromatherapy and perfumery.

What does cypress smell like?

Cypress trees have a distinct, woody scent that is often described as being fresh and slightly pine-like. Some people find the smell of cypress to be invigorating and uplifting, while others may find it to be a bit overwhelming. The smell of cypress can be particularly strong when the tree is freshly cut or when its foliage is crushed. Some people use cypress essential oil for its aromatic properties, as it is believed to have a calming and grounding effect when used in aromatherapy.

Do Cypress trees survive winter?

Yes, many species of cypress trees are able to survive winter weather. Cypresses are generally hardy trees that are well-adapted to a variety of climates, including those with cold winters. In general, cypress trees are able to survive winter by going into a state of dormancy, during which their growth slows down and their metabolism decreases. This allows them to conserve energy and resources until the arrival of spring, when they can resume active growth.

Plants

* Under Development *

30’-50’ | 9.1-15.2 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
1’-2’ | .3-.61 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Arizona Cypress
1520.000
910.000
61.000
0.500
6000
GUIDE
3D
Arizona Cypress
30’-70’ | 9.1-21.3 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
2.6’-6.6’ | .8-2 m (Trunk)
.08”-.16” | 2-4 mm (Leaf)
Atlantic White Cypress
2130.000
910.000
200.000
0.400
2025
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic White Cypress
35’-50’ | 10.7-15.2 m
28’-35’ | 8.5-10.7 m (Spread)
1.6’-3.3’ | .5-1 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Baker Cypress
1520.000
1070.000
100.000
0.500
80
GUIDE
3D
Baker Cypress
52’-82’ | 15.8-25 m
15’-20’ | 4.6-6 m (Spread)
2.6’-3.3’ | .8-1 m (Trunk)
.04”-.08” | 1-2 mm (Leaf)
Chinese Cypress
2500.000
600.000
100.000
0.200
120
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Cypress
50’-75’ | 15.2-22.9 m
10’-30’ | 3-9.1 m (Spread)
3.3’-10’ | 1-3 m (Trunk)
.08”-.16” | 2-4 mm (Leaf)
Hinoki Cypress
2290.000
910.000
300.000
0.400
15650
GUIDE
3D
Hinoki Cypress
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
5’-10’ | 1.5-3 m (Spread)
1.6’-3.3’ | .5-1 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Italian Cypress
2130.000
300.000
100.000
0.500
15500
GUIDE
3D
Italian Cypress
49’-66’ | 15-20 m
13’-22’ | 4-6.7 m (Spread)
3.3’-9.8’ | 1-3 m (Trunk)
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm (Leaf)
Kashmir Cypress
2000.000
670.000
300.000
0.300
25
GUIDE
3D
Kashmir Cypress
40’-60’ | 12.2-18.3 m
10’-18’ | 3-5.5 m (Spread)
4’-9’ | 1.2-2.7 m (Trunk)
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm (Leaf)
Lawson Cypress
1830.000
550.000
270.000
0.500
1950
GUIDE
3D
Lawson Cypress
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
20’-80’ | 6.1-24.4 m (Spread)
3.3’-8.2’ | 1-2.5 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Monterey Cypress
2130.000
2440.000
250.000
0.500
3300
GUIDE
3D
Monterey Cypress
20’-35’ | 6.1-10.7 m
8’-15’ | 2.4-4.6 m (Spread)
1.6’-6.6’ | .5-2 m (Trunk)
.08”-.12” | 2-3 mm (Leaf)
Nootka Cypress
1070.000
460.000
200.000
0.300
350
GUIDE
3D
Nootka Cypress
25’-35’ | 7.6-10.7 m
20’-30’ | 6.1-9.1 m (Spread)
3’-5’ | .91-1.5 m (Trunk)
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm (Leaf)
Sawara False Cypress
1070.000
910.000
150.000
0.300
150
GUIDE
3D
Sawara False Cypress
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
1.6’-2.6’ | .5-.8 m (Trunk)
.05”-.08” | 1.2-2 mm (Leaf)
Tecate Cypress
910.000
910.000
80.000
0.200
80
GUIDE
3D
Tecate Cypress
Tecate Cypress (Cupressus forbesii)
Scale illustration of an average Tecate Cypress compared to other species of Cypresses and a human

The Tecate Cypress (Cupressus forbesii), also referenced as the Forbes’ Cypress is an evergreen coniferous cypress tree species that is known for being the only tree in which Thorne’s Hairstreak butterfly lays its eggs. The Tecate Cypress is native to the southwestern region of North America typically found within the montane chaparral and woodlands habitats in the western Peninsular Ranges. The bark of its trunk has a reddish to mahogany color that flakes off every year. The foliage of the Tecate Cypress ranges from a light to deep green coloring. The Tecate Cypress is non-flowering and produces seed cones. The Tecate Cypress is considered vulnerable to extinction.

Tecate Cypresses have a typical overall height between 15’-30’ (4.6-9.1 m) and spread diameter of 15’-30’ (4.6-9.1 m). Exceptional mature Tecate Cypress trees may grow to heights of 32.8’ (10 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Tecate Cypress has a diameter of 1.6’-2.6’ (.5-.8 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .05”-.08” (1.2-2 mm).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Tecate Cypress seen from the top and elevation views
The Tecate Cypress (Cupressus forbesii), also referenced as the Forbes’ Cypress is an evergreen coniferous cypress tree species that is known for being the only tree in which Thorne’s Hairstreak butterfly lays its eggs. The Tecate Cypress is native to the southwestern region of North America.

Tecate Cypresses have a typical overall height between 15’-30’ (4.6-9.1 m) and spread diameter of 15’-30’ (4.6-9.1 m). Exceptional mature Tecate Cypress trees may grow to heights of 32.8’ (10 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Tecate Cypress has a diameter of 1.6’-2.6’ (.5-.8 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .05”-.08” (1.2-2 mm).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Tecate Cypress seen from the top and elevation views
Tecate Cypress (Cupressus forbesii)
Height:
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m
Width:
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
Length:
.05”-.08” | 1.2-2 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
1.6’-2.6’ | .5-.8 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
32.8’ | 10 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cupressus forbesii

Drawings include:

Tecate Cypress front elevation, plan view

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Chinese Cypress (Cupressus duclouxiana)
Comparison drawing of the Chinese Cypress compared to similar Cypress species and a person

The Chinese Cypress (Cupressus ducloxiana), also known as the Yunnan Cypress, is a conifer evergreen tree that is typically grown to become an ornamental tree. The Chinese Cypress is native to China, specifically from Yunnan and Sichuan regions where it is found within the deep river gorges. The branches of the Chinese Cypress are slender, densely arranged, and twig-like. Its branchlets can either spread or droop and its leaves have a diamond shape that is typically ridged. The Chinese Cypress is non-flowering, but creates cones. It is not known if the Chinese Cypress is in danger of extinction.

Chinese Cypresses have a typical overall height between 52’-82’ (15.8-25 m) and spread diameter of 15’-20’ (4.6-6 m). Exceptional mature Chinese Cypress trees may grow to heights of 115’ (35 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Chinese Cypress has a diameter of 2.6’-3.3’ (.8-1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .04”-.08” (1-2 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Chinese Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
The Chinese Cypress (Cupressus ducloxiana), also known as the Yunnan Cypress, is a conifer evergreen tree that is typically grown to become an ornamental tree. The Chinese Cypress is native to China, specifically from Yunnan and Sichuan regions where it is found within the deep river gorges.

Chinese Cypresses have a typical overall height between 52’-82’ (15.8-25 m) and spread diameter of 15’-20’ (4.6-6 m). Exceptional mature Chinese Cypress trees may grow to heights of 115’ (35 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Chinese Cypress has a diameter of 2.6’-3.3’ (.8-1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .04”-.08” (1-2 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Chinese Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
Chinese Cypress (Cupressus duclouxiana)
Height:
52’-82’ | 15.8-25 m
Width:
15’-20’ | 4.6-6 m (Spread)
Length:
.04”-.08” | 1-2 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
2.6’-3.3’ | .8-1 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
115’ | 35 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cupressus duclouxiana

Drawings include:

Chinese Cypress front elevation, plan view

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Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa)
Size comparison drawing of the Hinoki Cypress compared to a person and other Cypress species

The Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa), is an evergreen cypress plant species that is known for its quality timber as well as ornamental qualities. The Hinoki Cypress is native to central Japan and East Asia. It is a slow-growing tree with a dark red-brown bark trunk and branches that droop at the ends. The leaves of the Hinoki Cypress are long, are needle-like, and have a blunt tip. The leaves are also green above and below with a white stomatal band at its base. The cones produced by the Hinoki Cypress are spherical. The Hinoki Cypress is near threatened to extinction.

Hinoki Cypresses have a typical overall height between 50’-75’ (15.2-22.9 m) and spread diameter of 10’-30’ (3-9.1 m). Exceptional mature Hinoki Cypress trees may grow to heights of 120’ (36.5 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Hinoki Cypress has a diameter of 3.3’-10’ (1-3 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.16” (2-4 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Hinoki Cypress viewed from the front and top
The Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa), is an evergreen cypress plant species that is known for its quality timber as well as ornamental qualities. The Hinoki Cypress is native to central Japan and East Asia. It is a slow-growing tree with a dark red-brown bark trunk and branches that droop.

Hinoki Cypresses have a typical overall height between 50’-75’ (15.2-22.9 m) and spread diameter of 10’-30’ (3-9.1 m). Exceptional mature Hinoki Cypress trees may grow to heights of 120’ (36.5 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Hinoki Cypress has a diameter of 3.3’-10’ (1-3 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.16” (2-4 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Hinoki Cypress viewed from the front and top
Hinoki Cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa)
Height:
50’-75’ | 15.2-22.9 m
Width:
10’-30’ | 3-9.1 m (Spread)
Length:
.08”-.16” | 2-4 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
3.3’-10’ | 1-3 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
120’ | 36.5 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Chamaecyparis obtusa

Drawings include:

Hinoki Cypress front elevation, plan view

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Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
Comparison drawing of the Monterey Cypress compared to similar Cypress species and a person

The Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree that is known for its irregular silhouette and flat top. The Monterey Cypress naturally grows on the central coast of California in the United States. The foliage of the Monterey Cypress grows in dense sprays that are bright green and exude a deep lemon-like aroma when crushed. Its soft green leaves resemble scales and are created from rounded shoots. The Monterey Cypress produces cones and is non-flowering. As the tree matures it becomes broad and spreads with age. The Monterey Cypress is vulnerable to extinction.

Monterey Cypresses have a typical overall height between 40’-70’ (12.2-21.3 m) and spread diameter of 20’-80’ (6.1-24.4 m). Exceptional mature Monterey Cypress trees may grow to heights of 157’ (48 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Monterey Cypress has a diameter of 3.3’-8.2’ (1-2.5 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Monterey Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
The Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree that is known for its irregular silhouette and flat top. The Monterey Cypress naturally grows on the central coast of California in the United States. The foliage of the Monterey Cypress grows in dense sprays.

Monterey Cypresses have a typical overall height between 40’-70’ (12.2-21.3 m) and spread diameter of 20’-80’ (6.1-24.4 m). Exceptional mature Monterey Cypress trees may grow to heights of 157’ (48 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Monterey Cypress has a diameter of 3.3’-8.2’ (1-2.5 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Monterey Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
Height:
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
Width:
20’-80’ | 6.1-24.4 m (Spread)
Length:
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
3.3’-8.2’ | 1-2.5 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
157’ | 48 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cupressus macrocarpa

Drawings include:

Monterey Cypress front elevation, plan view

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Baker Cypress (Cupressus bakeri)
Scale illustration of an average Baker Cypress compared to other species of Cypresses and a human

The Baker Cypress (Cupressus bakeri), also known as the Modoc Cypress, is a rare evergreen coniferous cypress tree species known for growing on soils that other plants struggle to thrive in. The Baker Cypress is native to a small northern region within the state of California in the United States. The Baker Cypress has a conic crown with spreading branches. Its leaves are scale-like and have a gray-green to blue-green coloring. The Baker Cypress is non-flowering and creates male and female cones. The Baker Cypress is considered vulnerable to extinction due to its dependency on fire for seed dispersal.

Baker Cypresses have a typical overall height between 35’-50’ (10.7-15.2 m) and spread diameter of 28’-35’ (8.5-10.7 m). Exceptional mature Baker Cypress trees may grow to heights of 98’ (30 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Baker Cypress has a diameter of 1.6’-3.3’ (.5-1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Baker Cypress seen from the top and elevation views
The Baker Cypress (Cupressus bakeri), also known as the Modoc Cypress, is a rare evergreen coniferous cypress tree species known for growing on soils that other plants struggle to thrive in. The Baker Cypress is native to a small northern region within the state of California in the United States.

Baker Cypresses have a typical overall height between 35’-50’ (10.7-15.2 m) and spread diameter of 28’-35’ (8.5-10.7 m). Exceptional mature Baker Cypress trees may grow to heights of 98’ (30 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Baker Cypress has a diameter of 1.6’-3.3’ (.5-1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Pair of dimensioned illustrations of the Baker Cypress seen from the top and elevation views
Baker Cypress (Cupressus bakeri)
Height:
35’-50’ | 10.7-15.2 m
Width:
28’-35’ | 8.5-10.7 m (Spread)
Length:
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
1.6’-3.3’ | .5-1 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
98’ | 30 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cupressus bakeri

Drawings include:

Baker Cypress front elevation, plan view

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