Evergreen Trees

Evergreen Trees

Description
Description

Evergreen trees are a diverse group of plants that retain their leaves throughout the year, unlike deciduous trees that shed them seasonally. This evergreen characteristic enables them to photosynthesize and grow year-round. Evergreens include a wide range of species, from conifers like pines, spruces, and firs, to broad-leaved trees like hollies and eucalyptus. They inhabit various ecosystems, from the cold boreal forests to warm tropical regions.

The evolution of evergreen trees is closely linked to their adaptation to specific environmental conditions. In colder climates, evergreens' needle-like leaves with a waxy coating reduce water loss, crucial for survival in long, dry winters. In tropical regions, the consistent climate allows for continuous growth. These trees play a vital role in their ecosystems, providing habitats, stabilizing soil, and contributing to the carbon and water cycles. Their resilience and year-round foliage make them important both ecologically and culturally.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Evergreen trees are characterized by their ability to retain leaves or needles throughout the year. Many evergreens, like pines and spruces, have needle-like leaves with a waxy coating, which helps reduce water loss and withstand cold or dry conditions. These trees often have a conical shape, aiding in snow shedding in colder climates. Evergreens like hollies have broad, thick leaves, also designed to minimize water loss.

Their seeds vary in form – some are encased in cones, while others may be found in berries. Evergreens typically exhibit a steady, year-round growth pattern, unlike the seasonal growth spurts of deciduous trees. This continuous growth allows them to maintain their foliage and remain green throughout the year.

Cultural Impact
Cultural Impact

Evergreen trees have a profound cultural and symbolic presence in human history. In many cultures, they represent life, renewal, and endurance due to their year-round greenery. The most notable cultural reference is the Christmas tree, traditionally a spruce, pine, or fir, symbolizing festivity and celebration. Evergreens like pines and cedars have been revered in various mythologies and religions for their resilience and perennial nature.

In landscaping, they provide year-long aesthetic appeal and privacy screens. Their wood is widely used in construction and furniture. Evergreens also feature in literature and art, often symbolizing steadfastness and eternal nature, resonating with human aspirations and the changing seasons.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How do you identify evergreen trees?

To identify an evergreen tree, look for the following characteristics: needles or leaves that remain green throughout the year, cones used for reproduction, a pyramidal or conical shape, rough or scaly bark, and a location with mild winters. Needles or leaves are typically thin and pointed. Cones can be small and unnoticeable or large and showy. The bark of an evergreen tree is often rough or scaly. Evergreen trees are often found in regions with mild winters, as they are adapted to retain their leaves throughout the year. By considering these characteristics, you can often identify an evergreen tree. It is always a good idea to do additional research to confirm the identification of a tree.

How long do evergreen trees live?

The lifespan of an evergreen tree depends on the specific species and its growing conditions. Some evergreen trees can live for hundreds of years, while others have a shorter lifespan. For example, some species of pine tree can live for hundreds of years, while others may only live for 50-100 years. Factors that can influence the lifespan of an evergreen tree include the tree's location, soil conditions, and exposure to pests and diseases. Proper care, including regular watering and pruning, can also help to extend the lifespan of an evergreen tree.

How do you prune an evergreen tree?

Pruning an evergreen tree involves using the right tools, making precise cuts, and shaping the tree to maintain its natural appearance. Start by selecting the right tools for the job, such as pruning shears or loppers for small branches and a pruning saw for larger branches. When making cuts, be sure to cut branches at a slight angle, just above a bud or lateral branch. Avoid leaving a stub, as this can lead to disease. Remove any dead or damaged branches as close to the trunk as possible. To shape the tree, prune the top of the tree slightly higher than the sides to maintain a natural appearance. Regularly monitor the tree for any dead or damaged branches that need to be removed. Proper pruning techniques can help to maintain the health and appearance of the tree.

Plants

* Under Development *

49.2’-82’ | 15-25 m
23’-28.5’ | 7-8.7 m (Spread)
9.8”-19.7” | 25-50 cm (Trunk)
11.5’-14.8’ | 3.5-4.5 m (Leaf)
Alexandra Palm
2500.000
870.000
50.000
450.000
3200
GUIDE
3D
Alexandra Palm
30’-50’ | 9.1-15.2 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
1’-2’ | .3-.61 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Arizona Cypress
1520.000
910.000
61.000
0.500
6000
GUIDE
3D
Arizona Cypress
30’-70’ | 9.1-21.3 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
2.6’-6.6’ | .8-2 m (Trunk)
.08”-.16” | 2-4 mm (Leaf)
Atlantic White Cypress
2130.000
910.000
200.000
0.400
2025
GUIDE
3D
Atlantic White Cypress
40’-60’ | 12.2-18.3 m
25’-40’ | 7.6-12.2 m (Spread)
3-6’ | .9-1.8 m (Trunk)
.7”-1.5” | 18-38 mm (Needle)
Atlas Cedar
1830.000
1220.000
180.000
3.800
15100
GUIDE
3D
Atlas Cedar
35’-50’ | 10.7-15.2 m
28’-35’ | 8.5-10.7 m (Spread)
1.6’-3.3’ | .5-1 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Baker Cypress
1520.000
1070.000
100.000
0.500
80
GUIDE
3D
Baker Cypress
32.8’-65.6’ | 10-20 m
7.9’-10.2’ | 2.4-3.1 m (Spread)
3.9”-5.9” | 10-15 cm (Trunk)
4.9’-6.6’ | 1.5-2 m (Leaf)
Betel Palm
2000.000
310.000
15.000
200.000
350
GUIDE
3D
Betel Palm
49’-82’ | 15-25 m
20’-39’ | 6-12 m (Spread)
20”-59” | .5-1.5 m (Trunk)
.5”-1.25” | 13-32 mm (Needle)
Bigcone Douglas Fir
2500.000
1200.000
150.000
3.200
30
GUIDE
3D
Bigcone Douglas Fir
33’-66’ | 10-20 m
15’-25' | 4.6-7.6 m (Spread)
10”-18” | 25-46 cm (Trunk)
.24”-.59” | 6-15 mm (Needle)
Black Spruce
2000.000
760.000
46.000
1.500
12200
GUIDE
3D
Black Spruce
30’-60’ | 9.1-18.3 m
10’-20' | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
18”-32” | 46-81 cm (Trunk)
.75”-1.25” | 19-32 mm (Needle)
Blue Spruce
1830.000
610.000
81.000
3.200
38900
GUIDE
3D
Blue Spruce
12’-20’ | 3.7-6.1 m
15.75’-19.4’ | 4.8-5.9 m (Spread)
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm (Trunk)
10’-12’ | 3-3.7 m (Leaf)
Bottle Palm
610.000
590.000
80.000
370.000
20800
GUIDE
3D
Bottle Palm
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
10’-15’ | 3-4.6 m (Spread)
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
5’-7’ | 1.5-2.1 m (Leaf)
Cabbage Palm
2130.000
460.000
40.000
210.000
8900
GUIDE
3D
Cabbage Palm
49.2’-65.6’ | 15-20 m
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
24”-36” | 60-91 cm (Trunk)
3’-6.6’ | .9-2 m (Leaf)
California Fan Palm
2000.000
610.000
91.000
200.000
5500
GUIDE
3D
California Fan Palm
32.8’-65.6’ | 10-20 m
19.7’-29.5’ | 6-9 m (Spread)
23.6”-47.2” | 60-120 cm (Trunk)
9.8’-19.7’ | 3-6 m (Leaf)
Canary Island Date Palm
2000.000
900.000
120.000
600.000
5900
GUIDE
3D
Canary Island Date Palm
45’-65’ | 13.7-19.8 m
20’-30’ | 6.1-9.1 m (Spread)
3.3’-4.9’ | 1-1.5 m (Trunk)
.5”-.75” | 13-19 mm (Needle)
Carolina Hemlock
1980.000
910.000
150.000
1.900
240
GUIDE
3D
Carolina Hemlock
32.8’-49.2’ | 10-15 m
15.4’-23.3’ | 4.7-7.1 m (Spread)
39.4”-51.2” | 100-130 cm (Trunk)
10’-15’ | 3-4.6 m (Leaf)
Chilean Wine Palm
1500.000
710.000
130.000
460.000
405
GUIDE
3D
Chilean Wine Palm
52’-82’ | 15.8-25 m
15’-20’ | 4.6-6 m (Spread)
2.6’-3.3’ | .8-1 m (Trunk)
.04”-.08” | 1-2 mm (Leaf)
Chinese Cypress
2500.000
600.000
100.000
0.200
120
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Cypress
98’-131’ | 30-40 m
26’-36’ | 8-11 m (Spread)
31”-39” | .8-1 m (Trunk)
.75”-1” | 19-25 mm (Needle)
Chinese Douglas Fir
4000.000
1100.000
100.000
2.500
100
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Douglas Fir
10’-29.5’ | 3-9 m
6.6’-12.5’ | 2-3.8 m (Spread)
7.9”-11.8” | 20-30 cm (Trunk)
3’-6’ | .9-1.8 m (Leaf)
Chinese Fan Palm
900.000
380.000
30.000
180.000
20300
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Fan Palm
20’-40’ | 6.1-12.2 m
5’-10.5’ | 1.5-3.2 m (Spread)
13.8”-27.6” | 35-70 cm (Trunk)
4.6’-6.2’ | 1.4-1.9 m (Leaf)
Chinese Windmill Palm
1220.000
320.000
70.000
190.000
52600
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Windmill Palm
65.6’-100’ | 20-30.5 m
22’-32.8’ | 6.7-10 m (Spread)
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm (Trunk)
13.1’-19.7’ | 4-6 m (Leaf)
Coconut Palm
3050.000
1000.000
45.000
600.000
6200
GUIDE
3D
Coconut Palm
40’-50’ | 12.2-15.2 m
40’-50’ | 12.2-15.2 m (Spread)
3.9’-8.2’ | 1.2-2.5 m (Trunk)
.2”-.5” | 5-13 mm (Needle)
Cyprus Cedar
1520.000
1520.000
250.000
1.300
700
GUIDE
3D
Cyprus Cedar
49.2’-82’ | 15-25 m
16.4’-25’ | 5-7.6 m (Spread)
15.75”-24” | 40-60 cm (Trunk)
9.8’-16.4’ | 3-5 m (Leaf)
Date Palm
2500.000
760.000
60.000
500.000
18600
GUIDE
3D
Date Palm
49’-82’ | 15-25 m
20’-45’ | 6.1-13.7 m (Spread)
3.3’-6.6’ | 1-2 m (Trunk)
1”-2” | 25-51 mm (Needle)
Deodar Cedar
2500.000
1370.000
200.000
5.100
27450
GUIDE
3D
Deodar Cedar
70’-200’ | 21.3-61 m (Typical)
15’-35’ | 4.6-10.7 m (Spread)
47”-79” | 1.2-2 m (Trunk)
.75”-1.5” | 19-38 mm (Needle)
Douglas Fir
6100.000
1070.000
200.000
3.800
52100
GUIDE
3D
Douglas Fir
32.8’-55.8’ | 10-17 m
21’-36’ | 6.4-11 m (Spread)
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm (Trunk)
3.9’-6.6’ | 1.2-2 m (Leaf)
Doum Palm
1700.000
1100.000
45.000
200.000
120
GUIDE
3D
Doum Palm
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
25’-35’ | 7.6-10.7 m (Spread)
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m (Trunk)
.5”-.79” | 13-20 mm (Needle)
Eastern Hemlock
2130.000
1070.000
91.000
2.000
20900
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Hemlock
9.8’-11.5’ | 3-3.5 m
7.9’-12.3’ | 2.4-3.75 m (Diameter)
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm (Trunk)
39”-71” | 100-180 cm (Leaf)
Emperor Sago
350.000
375.000
40.000
180.000
1400
GUIDE
3D
Emperor Sago
82’-131’ | 25-40 m
10’-20' | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
30”-59” | 75-150 cm (Trunk)
.59”-1.18” | 15-30 mm (Needle)
Engelmann Spruce
4000.000
610.000
150.000
3.000
5000
GUIDE
3D
Engelmann Spruce
16.4’-32.8’ | 5-10 m
8.2’-11.5’ | 2.5-3.5 m (Spread)
6”-12” | 15-30.5 cm (Trunk)
8’-10’ | 2.4-3 m (Leaf)
Foxtail Palm
1000.000
350.000
30.500
300.000
35800
GUIDE
3D
Foxtail Palm
19.7’-26.2’ | 6-8 m
9.8’-15.75’ | 3-4.8 m (Diameter)
19.7”-31.5” | 50-80 cm (Trunk)
59”-98” | 150-250 cm (Leaf)
Giant Burrawang
800.000
480.000
80.000
250.000
300
GUIDE
3D
Giant Burrawang
50’-75’ | 15.2-22.9 m
10’-30’ | 3-9.1 m (Spread)
3.3’-10’ | 1-3 m (Trunk)
.08”-.16” | 2-4 mm (Leaf)
Hinoki Cypress
2290.000
910.000
300.000
0.400
15650
GUIDE
3D
Hinoki Cypress
70’-100’ | 21-30 m
20’-35’ | 6.1-10.7 m (Spread)
4’-7’ | 1.2-2.1 m (Trunk)
.25”-.5” | 6-13 mm (Leaf)
Incense Cedar
3000.000
1070.000
210.000
1.300
4500
GUIDE
3D
Incense Cedar
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
5’-10’ | 1.5-3 m (Spread)
1.6’-3.3’ | .5-1 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Italian Cypress
2130.000
300.000
100.000
0.500
15500
GUIDE
3D
Italian Cypress
50’-70’ | 15.2-21.3 m
10’-25’ | 3-7.6 m (Spread)
1.5’-3’ | .5-.9 m (Trunk)
.5”-.75” | 13-19 mm (Leaf)
Japanese Cedar
2130.000
760.000
90.000
1.900
3320
GUIDE
3D
Japanese Cedar
65’-82’ | 20-25 m
26’-33’ | 8-10 m (Spread)
16”-28” | .4-.7 m (Trunk)
.5”-1” | 15-25 mm (Needle)
Japanese Douglas Fir
2500.000
1000.000
70.000
2.500
40
GUIDE
3D
Japanese Douglas Fir
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m
10.8’-21.7’ | 3.3-6.6 m (Spread)
11.8”-23.6” | 30-60 cm (Trunk)
5’-10’ | 1.5-3 m (Leaf)
Jelly Palm
610.000
660.000
60.000
300.000
11300
GUIDE
3D
Jelly Palm
49’-66’ | 15-20 m
13’-22’ | 4-6.7 m (Spread)
3.3’-9.8’ | 1-3 m (Trunk)
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm (Leaf)
Kashmir Cypress
2000.000
670.000
300.000
0.300
25
GUIDE
3D
Kashmir Cypress
40’-60’ | 12.2-18.3 m
10’-18’ | 3-5.5 m (Spread)
4’-9’ | 1.2-2.7 m (Trunk)
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm (Leaf)
Lawson Cypress
1830.000
550.000
270.000
0.500
1950
GUIDE
3D
Lawson Cypress
40’-60’ | 12.2-18.3 m
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m (Spread)
4.9’-6.9’ | 1.5-2.1 m (Trunk)
.79”-1.57” | 20-40 mm (Needle)
Lebanese Cedar
1830.000
2130.000
210.000
4.000
9500
GUIDE
3D
Lebanese Cedar
20’-40' | 6.1-12.2 m
12’-22’ | 3.7-6.7 m (Spread)
18”-24” | 45-60 cm (Trunk)
4’-6’ | 1.2-1.8 m (Leaf)
Mexican Blue Palm
1220.000
670.000
60.000
180.000
800
GUIDE
3D
Mexican Blue Palm
50’-80’ | 15.2-24.4 m
8’-10’ | 2.4-3 m (Spread)
10”-14” | 25.4-35.6 cm (Trunk)
3’-4’ | .9-1.2 m (Leaf)
Mexican Fan Palm
2440.000
300.000
35.600
120.000
8000
GUIDE
3D
Mexican Fan Palm
40’-50’ | 12.2-15.2 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
24”-32” | 61-81 cm (Trunk)
.51”-.98” | 13-25 mm (Needle)
Meyer Spruce
1520.000
910.000
81.000
2.500
1350
GUIDE
3D
Meyer Spruce
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
20’-80’ | 6.1-24.4 m (Spread)
3.3’-8.2’ | 1-2.5 m (Trunk)
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Monterey Cypress
2130.000
2440.000
250.000
0.500
3300
GUIDE
3D
Monterey Cypress
50’-80’ | 15.2-24.4 m
25’-40' | 7.6-12.2 m (Spread)
3.3’-8.2’ | 1-2.5 m (Trunk)
.4”-.8” | 10-20 mm (Leaf)
Montezuma Bald Cypress
2440.000
1220.000
250.000
2.000
1150
GUIDE
3D
Montezuma Bald Cypress
30’-70’ | 9.1-21.3 m
20’-35' | 3-10.7 m (Spread)
3.3’-6.6’ | 1-2 m (Trunk)
1.18”-1.97” | 30-50 mm (Needle)
Morinda Spruce
2130.000
1070.000
200.000
5.000
720
GUIDE
3D
Morinda Spruce
66’-131’ | 20-40 m
10’-18’ | 3-5.5 m (Spread)
2.5’-3.5’ | .76-1.07 m (Trunk)
.5”-.75” | 13-19 mm (Needle)
Mountain Hemlock
4000.000
550.000
107.000
1.900
2900
GUIDE
3D
Mountain Hemlock
6.6’-39.4’ | 2-12 m
13.1’-18.4’ | 4-5.6 m (Diameter)
5.9”-23.6” | 15-60 cm (Trunk)
59”-95” | 150-240 cm (Leaf)
Nepal Cycas
1200.000
560.000
60.000
240.000
3200
GUIDE
3D
Nepal Cycas
20’-35’ | 6.1-10.7 m
8’-15’ | 2.4-4.6 m (Spread)
1.6’-6.6’ | .5-2 m (Trunk)
.08”-.12” | 2-3 mm (Leaf)
Nootka Cypress
1070.000
460.000
200.000
0.300
350
GUIDE
3D
Nootka Cypress
40’-60’ | 12-18 m
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
2’-5’ | .6-1.5 m (Trunk)
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm (Leaf)
Northern White Cedar
1800.000
610.000
150.000
0.500
2500
GUIDE
3D
Northern White Cedar
100’-150’ | 30-46 m
25’-45’ | 7.6-13.7 m (Spread)
3.3’-4.9’ | 1-1.5 m (Trunk)
.47”-.94” | 12-24 mm (Needle)
Norway Spruce
4600.000
1370.000
150.000
2.400
58090
GUIDE
3D
Norway Spruce
25’-50’ | 7.6-15.2 m
15’-25' | 4.6-7.6 m (Spread)
3.3’-4.9’ | 1-1.5 m (Trunk)
.24”-.51” | 6-13 mm (Needle)
Oriental Spruce
1520.000
760.000
150.000
1.300
4050
GUIDE
3D
Oriental Spruce
9.8’-32.8’ | 3-10 m
6.2’-11.5’ | 1.9-3.5 m (Diameter)
11.8”-23.6” | 30-60 cm (Trunk)
24”-47” | 60-120 cm (Leaf)
Palm Corcho
1000.000
350.000
60.000
120.000
40
GUIDE
3D
Palm Corcho
50’-60’ | 15.2-18.3 m
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
1.3’-2.3’ | .4-.7 m (Trunk)
.12”-.4” | 3-10 mm (Leaf)
Pond Cypress
1830.000
610.000
70.000
1.000
1300
GUIDE
3D
Pond Cypress
5.9’-9.8’ | 1.8-3 m
5.9’-7.9’ | 1.8-2.4 m (Spread)
3”-6” | 7.6-15.2 cm (Trunk)
2’-3.9’ | .6-1.2 m (Leaf)
Pygmy Date Palm
300.000
240.000
15.200
120.000
44000
GUIDE
3D
Pygmy Date Palm
32.8’-49.2’ | 10-15 m
20’-25’ | 6.1-7.6 m (Spread)
11.8”-23.6” | 30-60 cm (Trunk)
8.2’-16.4’ | 2.5-5 m (Leaf)
Queen Palm
1500.000
760.000
60.000
500.000
31300
GUIDE
3D
Queen Palm
5.9’-19.7’ | 1.8-6 m
11.8’-14.1’ | 3.6-4.3 m (Diameter)
15.75”-17.7” | 40-45 cm (Trunk)
71”-95” | 180-240 cm (Leaf)
Queen Sago
600.000
430.000
45.000
240.000
4200
GUIDE
3D
Queen Sago
60’-75’ | 18.3-22.9 m
30’-40’ | 9.1-12.2 m (Spread)
12”-24” | 30-61 cm (Trunk)
.47”-.59” | 12-15 mm (Needle)
Red Spruce
2290.000
1220.000
61.000
1.500
3900
GUIDE
3D
Red Spruce
50’-80’ | 15.2-24.4 m
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
18”-30” | 46-76 cm (Trunk)
6.6’-13.1’ | 2-4 m (Leaf)
Royal Palm
2440.000
610.000
76.000
400.000
8800
GUIDE
3D
Royal Palm
25’-35’ | 7.6-10.7 m
20’-30’ | 6.1-9.1 m (Spread)
3’-5’ | .91-1.5 m (Trunk)
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm (Leaf)
Sawara False Cypress
1070.000
910.000
150.000
0.300
150
GUIDE
3D
Sawara False Cypress
50’-60’ | 15.2-18.3 m
15’-25' | 4.6-7.6 m (Spread)
30”-40” | .76-1 m (Trunk)
.39”-.79” | 10-20 mm (Needle)
Serbian Spruce
1830.000
760.000
100.000
2.000
13000
GUIDE
3D
Serbian Spruce
80’-160’ | 24.4-48.8 m
20’-40’ | 6.1-12.2 m (Spread)
8’-12’ | 2.4-3.7 m (Trunk); 16’-22’ | 4.9-6.7 m (Trunk Max)
.63”-.98” | 16-25 mm (Needle)
Sitka Spruce
4880.000
910.000
370.000
2.500
13800
GUIDE
3D
Sitka Spruce
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
1.6’-2.6’ | .5-.8 m (Trunk)
.05”-.08” | 1.2-2 mm (Leaf)
Tecate Cypress
910.000
910.000
80.000
0.200
80
GUIDE
3D
Tecate Cypress
30’-66’ | 9.1-20 m
13’-20’ | 4-6.1 m (Spread)
24”-36” | 61-91 cm (Trunk)
.59”-1.18” | 15-30 mm (Needle)
Weeping Spruce
2000.000
610.000
91.000
3.000
3600
GUIDE
3D
Weeping Spruce
148’-197’ | 45-60 m
33’-49’ | 10-15 m (Spread)
2’-4’ | .61-1.22 m (Trunk)
.39”-.79” | 10-20 mm (Needle)
Western Hemlock
6000.000
1500.000
122.000
2.000
13500
GUIDE
3D
Western Hemlock
100’-150’ | 30-46 m
15’-30’ | 4.6-9.1 m (Spread)
6’-13’ | 1.8-4 m (Trunk)
.12”-.24” | 3-6 mm (Leaf)
Western Red Cedar
4600.000
910.000
400.000
0.600
250
GUIDE
3D
Western Red Cedar
40’-60’ | 12.2-18.3 m
10’-20' | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
24”-39” | 61-100 cm (Trunk)
.47”-.79” | 12-20 mm (Needle)
White Spruce
1830.000
610.000
100.000
2.000
35000
GUIDE
3D
White Spruce
16.4’-19.7’ | 5-6 m
7.9’-15.75’ | 2.4-4.8 m (Diameter)
11.8”-35.4” | 30-90 cm (Trunk)
4.9’-9.8’ | 150-300 cm (Leaf)
Wood’s Cycad
600.000
480.000
90.000
300.000
1800
GUIDE
3D
Wood’s Cycad
Japanese Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga japonica)
Size comparison drawing of the Japanese Douglas Fir compared to a person and other False Hemlock species

The Japanese Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga japonica) is a rare slow-growing tree also known as ‘Togasawara in Japan, which is its native homeland. It grows in sheltered valleys and steep ravines with temperate forests on silicate volcanic substrates. It is also planted in parks and gardens as an ornamental tree. This monoecious evergreen conifer tree has a longitudinally fissured, dark brown bark turning gray as the tree matures. The shoots are pale yellowish brown while the spirally arranged needles can be linear, straight, or slightly curved. It has the smallest seed cones. Wood from this tree is used in construction and also in making furniture.

Japanese Douglas Firs have a typical overall height between 65’-82’ (20-25 m) and spread diameter of 26’-33’ (8-10 m). Exceptional mature Japanese Douglas Fir trees may grow to heights of 100’ (30 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Japanese Douglas Fir has a diameter of 16”-28” (.4-.7 m) with needle-like leaf lengths between .5”-1” (15-25 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Japanese Douglas Fir viewed from the front and top
The Japanese Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga japonica) is a rare slow-growing tree also known as ‘Togasawara in Japan, which is its native homeland. It grows in sheltered valleys and steep ravines with temperate forests on silicate volcanic substrates. It is also ornamentally planted in parks and gardens.

Japanese Douglas Firs have a typical overall height between 65’-82’ (20-25 m) and spread diameter of 26’-33’ (8-10 m). Exceptional mature Japanese Douglas Fir trees may grow to heights of 100’ (30 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Japanese Douglas Fir has a diameter of 16”-28” (.4-.7 m) with needle-like leaf lengths between .5”-1” (15-25 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Japanese Douglas Fir viewed from the front and top
Japanese Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga japonica)
Height:
65’-82’ | 20-25 m
Width:
26’-33’ | 8-10 m (Spread)
Length:
.5”-1” | 15-25 mm (Needle)
Depth:
16”-28” | .4-.7 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
100’ | 30 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Pseudotsuga japonica

Drawings include:

Japanese Douglas Fir front elevation, plan view

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Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)
Size comparison drawing of the Incense Cedar compared to a person and other Thuja species

Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens), also referenced as California Incense-Cedar, is an evergreen conifer tree species that is often used as hedges. The Incense Cedar is native to western North America ranging from central Oregon through northern Baja California. The branches of the Incense Cedar initially grow upright and spread as the tree matures. Its bright-green foliage grows in flattened sprays with scale-like leaves that are arranged in opposite decussate pairs. When crushed the leaves have a shoe-polish-like aroma. The Incense Cedar produces seed cones that have a pale green to yellow color. The Incense Cedar is not in danger of extinction.

Incense Cedars have a typical overall height between 70’-100’ (21-30 m) and spread diameter of 20’-35’ (6.1-10.7 m). Exceptional mature Incense Cedar trees may grow to heights of 225’ (69 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Incense Cedar has a diameter of 4’-7’ (1.2-2.1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .25”-.5” (6-13 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Incense Cedar viewed from the front and top
Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens), also referenced as California Incense-Cedar, is an evergreen conifer tree species that is often used as hedges. The Incense Cedar is native to western North America ranging from central Oregon through northern Baja California.

Incense Cedars have a typical overall height between 70’-100’ (21-30 m) and spread diameter of 20’-35’ (6.1-10.7 m). Exceptional mature Incense Cedar trees may grow to heights of 225’ (69 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Incense Cedar has a diameter of 4’-7’ (1.2-2.1 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .25”-.5” (6-13 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Incense Cedar viewed from the front and top
Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens)
Height:
70’-100’ | 21-30 m
Width:
20’-35’ | 6.1-10.7 m (Spread)
Length:
.25”-.5” | 6-13 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
4’-7’ | 1.2-2.1 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
225’ | 69 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Calocedrus decurrens

Drawings include:

Incense Cedar front elevation, plan view

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Palm Corcho (Microcycas calocoma)
Size comparison drawing of the Palm Corcho compared to a person and other Cycad species

The Palm Corcho (Microcycas calocoma) is found in isolated areas in western Cuba with wet tropical climates in open grasslands and shrubs. It is an ancient plant that can be branched or unbranched and produces separate large and female cones. Its pith is edible, but its seeds are poisonous. It grows in an upright manner, producing dark green leaves truncated near the apex. The seed cones are cylindrical, yellow-brown, and hairy. This slow-growing plant has a rugged profile, but its biggest plus is that it is drought tolerant and low-maintenance. Hence, a magnificent house or ornamental plant.

Palm Corchos have an overall height between 9.8’-32.8’ (3-10 m) and diameter of 6.2’-11.5’ (1.9-3.5 m). The trunk of the Palm Corcho has a diameter of 11.8”-23.6” (30-60 cm) with leaf lengths between 24”-47” (60-120 cm).

Set of scaled drawings of the Palm Corcho viewed from the front and top with dimensions
The Palm Corcho (Microcycas calocoma) is found in isolated areas in western Cuba with wet tropical climates in open grasslands and shrubs. It is an ancient plant that can be branched or unbranched and produces separate large and female cones. Its pith is edible, but its seeds are poisonous.

Palm Corchos have an overall height between 9.8’-32.8’ (3-10 m) and diameter of 6.2’-11.5’ (1.9-3.5 m). The trunk of the Palm Corcho has a diameter of 11.8”-23.6” (30-60 cm) with leaf lengths between 24”-47” (60-120 cm).

Set of scaled drawings of the Palm Corcho viewed from the front and top with dimensions
Palm Corcho (Microcycas calocoma)
Height:
9.8’-32.8’ | 3-10 m
Width:
6.2’-11.5’ | 1.9-3.5 m (Diameter)
Length:
24”-47” | 60-120 cm (Leaf)
Depth:
11.8”-23.6” | 30-60 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Microcycas calocoma

Drawings include:

Palm Corcho front elevation, plan view

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Royal Palm (Roystonea regia)
Size comparison drawing of the Royal Palm compared to a person and other Palm species

The Royal Palm (Roystonea regia) also known as the Cuban Royal Palm or Florida Royal Palm is a species of palm that belongs to the Arecaceae family and is mostly planted as an ornamental plant. The Royal Palm is native to Mexico, parts of Central America, the Caribbean, and Southern Florida. The Royal Palm has a large crown and a smooth trunk covered in bark with a grey-white color. The Royal Palm has about 15 large leaves. The flowers grown by the Royal Palm are white with pink anthers. Its fruit is spherical and is eaten by wildlife. The Royal Palm is not in danger of extinction.

Royal Palms have an overall height between 50’-80’ (15.2-24.4 m) and spread diameter of 10’-20’ (3-6.1 m). The trunk of the Royal Palm has a diameter of 18”-30” (46-76 cm) with leaf lengths between 6.6’-13.1’ (2-4 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Royal Palm viewed from the front and top
The Royal Palm (Roystonea regia) also known as the Cuban Royal Palm or Florida Royal Palm is a species of palm that belongs to the Arecaceae family and is mostly planted as an ornamental plant. The Royal Palm is native to Mexico, parts of Central America, the Caribbean, and Southern Florida.

Royal Palms have an overall height between 50’-80’ (15.2-24.4 m) and spread diameter of 10’-20’ (3-6.1 m). The trunk of the Royal Palm has a diameter of 18”-30” (46-76 cm) with leaf lengths between 6.6’-13.1’ (2-4 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of the Royal Palm viewed from the front and top
Royal Palm (Roystonea regia)
Height:
50’-80’ | 15.2-24.4 m
Width:
10’-20’ | 3-6.1 m (Spread)
Length:
6.6’-13.1’ | 2-4 m (Leaf)
Depth:
18”-30” | 46-76 cm (Trunk)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Roystonea regia

Drawings include:

Royal Palm front elevation, plan view

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Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
Comparison drawing of the Monterey Cypress compared to similar Cypress species and a person

The Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree that is known for its irregular silhouette and flat top. The Monterey Cypress naturally grows on the central coast of California in the United States. The foliage of the Monterey Cypress grows in dense sprays that are bright green and exude a deep lemon-like aroma when crushed. Its soft green leaves resemble scales and are created from rounded shoots. The Monterey Cypress produces cones and is non-flowering. As the tree matures it becomes broad and spreads with age. The Monterey Cypress is vulnerable to extinction.

Monterey Cypresses have a typical overall height between 40’-70’ (12.2-21.3 m) and spread diameter of 20’-80’ (6.1-24.4 m). Exceptional mature Monterey Cypress trees may grow to heights of 157’ (48 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Monterey Cypress has a diameter of 3.3’-8.2’ (1-2.5 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Monterey Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
The Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa), is a medium-sized evergreen coniferous tree that is known for its irregular silhouette and flat top. The Monterey Cypress naturally grows on the central coast of California in the United States. The foliage of the Monterey Cypress grows in dense sprays.

Monterey Cypresses have a typical overall height between 40’-70’ (12.2-21.3 m) and spread diameter of 20’-80’ (6.1-24.4 m). Exceptional mature Monterey Cypress trees may grow to heights of 157’ (48 m) in the wild. The trunk of the Monterey Cypress has a diameter of 3.3’-8.2’ (1-2.5 m) with scale-like leaf lengths between .08”-.2” (2-5 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of the Monterey Cypress in front and top views with dimensions
Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
Height:
40’-70’ | 12.2-21.3 m
Width:
20’-80’ | 6.1-24.4 m (Spread)
Length:
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Leaf)
Depth:
3.3’-8.2’ | 1-2.5 m (Trunk)
Height (Exceptional)
157’ | 48 m (Max)
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Cupressus macrocarpa

Drawings include:

Monterey Cypress front elevation, plan view

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