Eating is the process of consuming food for the sake of energy gain, nutrient absorption, or simple enjoyment. While this is an activity essential to the survival humans and other heterotrophic organisms that are unable to produce their own food, eating has also taken on a significant cultural relevance for humans across history and has been studied extensively in the academic disciplines of anthropology, psychology, sociology, and so on. While many dwellings have designated areas for eating, such as a kitchen or dining room, this activity can be done in a vast range of contexts, from restaurants to food courts to outdoor picnics and so on.
The amount of calories consumed depends on age, activity level, and gender. According to the US Department of Health, adult males should eat 2000-3000 calories per day to maintain their weight, and adult females need 1600-2400 calories to maintain their weight.
According to the Dietary Reference Intake, people should consume 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight, or 0.36 grams per pound. An average sedentary man should consume around 56 grams of protein per day, and the average sedentary woman should consume around 46 grams of protein per day.
An ideal post-workout meal should have a 3:1carbs to protein ratio to enhance glycogen storage and muscle protein synthesis. Some examples of simple and easily digested carbs are sweet potatoes, quinoa, fruit, rice cakes, oatmeal, and dark leafy vegetables. Some protein choices include plant-based protein powder, protein bars, and eggs, and healthy fat options are avocados, nuts, and nut butters.