Robots refer to machines that have been programmed to respond to external actions and behaviors automatically. The word robots usually signifies a degree of artificial intelligence. We think of robots and we think of famous robots in culture, such as C-3PO and R2-D2 in Star Wars, The Terminator, Robocop, or more recently, Ava in Ex- Machina. These robots have human-like qualities but are in fact machines made by humans. Robotic technology can be used in production lines, to create machines that will take over from humans. There is a great fear that robots will learn too much, and be able to think for themselves and then they will take over the world.

What is a robot?

A robot can be defined as a physical embodiment of artificial intelligence that can take actions and create effects on the physical world. Robots also make decisions that make them useful as intelligence has become an essential component of robots. A robot can also be defined as a physical machine that’s programmable by a computer and execute tasks automatically by itself. A robot is essentially a physical embodiment of artificial intelligence.

What are the Three Laws of Robotics?

The 3 Laws of Robotics were created by Isaac Asimov in the 1940s. The first law is that a robot may not injure a human being or allow a human being to be harmed. The second law is that a robot must obey the orders given by a human being except where it would conflict with the First law. The third law is that a robot must protect its own existence as long as it does not conflict with the First or Second law.

Who is the father of robotics?

Joseph F. Engelberger is considered all over the world as the father of robotics. Joseph Engelberger was an American physicist, engineer, businessman and is referred to as the man responsible for the birth of one of the most impactful industries, robotics. He developed the first industrial robot in the United States in the 1950s. He was born in 1925 and died in 2015.

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C-3PO
Pair of drawings of the front and back of C-3PO with label for height

C-3PO is a fictional droid and anxiety-ridden sidekick of the Skywalker family in the Star Wars movies and extended franchise. He is a protocol droid meant to help with etiquette and other formalities, and speaks a variety of languages, including most droid languages and English, and serves as a helpful translator between his friend R2-D2 and the rest of the team. He is adverse to danger and thrives on recommending safer alternatives to notorious hot-headed Skywalker plans. In addition to providing comic relief, he looks after R2-D2 and the rest of the team, saving them on multiple occasions.

C-3PO, portrayed by Anthony Daniels in Star Wars, is 5 foot 9 inches (1.75 m) tall.

Multiple illustrations of C-3PO in various pointing poses
C-3PO is a fictional droid and anxiety-ridden sidekick of the Skywalker family in the Star Wars movies and extended franchise. He is a protocol droid meant to help with etiquette and other formalities, and speaks a variety of languages that often save the team in dangerous situations.

C-3PO, portrayed by Anthony Daniels in Star Wars, is 5 foot 9 inches (1.75 m) tall.

Multiple illustrations of C-3PO in various pointing poses
C-3PO
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5’9” | 1.75 m
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Species: Protocol Droid
Homeworld:
Tatooine
Affiliation: Rebel Alliance

Actor
Anthony Daniels
First Appearance
1977 (Episode IV: A New Hope)

Drawings include:
C-3PO front elevation (standing), back, side (pointing), front (pointing)

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BB-8

BB-8, aka Beebee-Ate, is a fictional astromech droid in the Star Wars movies and extended franchise. He is originally Poe Dameron’s adorable sidekick, later joining forces with Finn and Rey after being separated from Poe in a crash. He is responsible for successfully delivering a piece of the map to Luke Skywalker’s location, allowing Rey to later find Luke. Like R2-D2, BB-8 speaks in only beeps, relying on Rey, Poe, and C-3PO to translate to the rest of the team, and communicating with body language and the occasional thumbs up in their absence. He is identified by his distinctive orange and white coloring.

BB-8, voiced by Voiced by Ben Schwartz & Bill Hader, is 26.5” (67 cm) tall.

Set of illustrations of BB-8 in various poses measured with overall height
BB-8, aka Beebee-Ate, is a fictional astromech droid in the Star Wars movies and extended franchise. He is originally Poe Dameron’s adorable sidekick, later joining forces with Finn and Rey after being separated from Poe in a crash.

BB-8, voiced by Voiced by Ben Schwartz & Bill Hader, is 26.5” (67 cm) tall.

Set of illustrations of BB-8 in various poses measured with overall height
BB-8
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26.5” | 67 cm
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Actor
Voiced by Ben Schwartz & Bill Hader
First Appearance
2015 (Episode VII: The Force Awakens)

Drawings include:
BB-8 side (rolling), front, side (thumbs up)

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R2-D2
Front and side elevation drawings of R2-D2 measuring overall height

R2-D2 is a fictional droid and sassy messenger of the Skywalker family in the Star Wars movies and their extended franchise. Though he can understand English, he only speaks in beeps and chirps, usually relying on C-3PO to translate for the rest of the team. He is a skilled astromech droid and fantastic pilot’s assistant. His successful delivery of various messages, such as Princess Leia’s message to Obi-Wan Kenobi, is critical to the success of the resistance. R2-D2 and C-3PO are the only characters to appear in all the films in the original, prequel, and sequel trilogies.

R2-D2, operated by Kenny Baker in Star Wars, is 3 foot 7 inches (1.09 m) tall.

R2-D2 is a fictional droid and sassy messenger of the Skywalker family in the Star Wars movies and their extended franchise. Though he can understand English, R2 speaks in beeps and chirps, usually relying on C-3PO to translate for the rest of the team. He is a skilled astromech droid and assistant.

R2-D2, operated by Kenny Baker in Star Wars, is 3 foot 7 inches (1.09 m) tall.

R2-D2
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3’7” | 1.09 m
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Species: Astromech droid
Homeworld:
Naboo
Affiliation: Rebel Alliance

Actor
Kenny Baker
First Appearance
1977 (Episode IV: A New Hope)

Drawings include:
R2-D2 front elevation, side

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Iron Man
Multiple dimensioned drawings of Iron Man standing casually and firing his hand blasters

Iron Man, real name Tony Stark, is a genius scientist and engineer who uses his wealth and intelligence to create the superhero Iron Man armored suit in Marvel Comics. One of the founding members of the superhero group the Avengers, Tony Stark constantly enhances and improves upon the powers, strength, durability, and weaponry of his Iron Man suits through many specialized iterations. Iron Man was introduced by Marvel in Tales of Suspense #39 in March, 1963.

Iron Man has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m) in the Marvel Cinematic Universe and 6’6” (1.98 m) in the comics.

Illustrations of Iron Man in multiple flying postures
Iron Man, real name Tony Stark, is a genius scientist and engineer who uses his wealth and intelligence to create the superhero Iron Man armored suit in Marvel Comics. Iron Man is one of the founding members of the superhero group the Avengers.

Iron Man has a height of 6’1” (1.85 m) in the Marvel Cinematic Universe and 6’6” (1.98 m) in the comics.

Illustrations of Iron Man in multiple flying postures
Iron Man
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73.0" (6’1”) | 1.85 m
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Name: Tony Stark
Height: 6’1” | 1.85 m (MCU); 6’6” | 1.98 m (Comics)
First Appearance: Tales of Suspense #39 (March, 1963)
Powers: Genius intellect; powered armor suit with super strength, flight, durability, weapons

First Appearance
1963

Drawings include:
Iron Man standing (passive), standing (fighting), flying (angle), flying (hover)

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General Grievous
Collection of drawings of General Grievous measured with overall height

General Grievous is a fictional Jedi hunter and military strategist for the Separatist military during the clone wars in the Star Wars movies and their franchise. He is an intimidating figure and his body itself is a weapon, the technology adapting to his needs. Always knowing when to cut his losses, Grievous is willing to run from a fight to save his own skin, a tactic that saves him more than once. General Grievous is known for his iconic skull-like head, and techno-organic figure, as well as his proficiency wielding as many as four lightsabers at once.

General Grievous, voiced by Matthew Wood, is 7 foot 1 inch (2.16 m) tall.

General Grievous is a fictional Jedi hunter and military strategist for the Separatist military during the clone wars in the Star Wars movies and their franchise. He is an intimidating figure and his body itself is a weapon, the technology adapting to his needs.

General Grievous, voiced by Matthew Wood, is 7 foot 1 inch (2.16 m) tall.

General Grievous
Height:
7’1” | 2.16 m
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Actor
Matthew Wood
First Appearance
2005 (Episode III: Revenge of the Sith)

Drawings include:
General Grievous front (standing), fighting (front)

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