Robots refer to machines that have been programmed to respond to external actions and behaviors automatically. The word robots usually signifies a degree of artificial intelligence. We think of robots and we think of famous robots in culture, such as C-3PO and R2-D2 in Star Wars, The Terminator, Robocop, or more recently, Ava in Ex- Machina. These robots have human-like qualities but are in fact machines made by humans. Robotic technology can be used in production lines, to create machines that will take over from humans. There is a great fear that robots will learn too much, and be able to think for themselves and then they will take over the world.
A robot can be defined as a physical embodiment of artificial intelligence that can take actions and create effects on the physical world. Robots also make decisions that make them useful as intelligence has become an essential component of robots. A robot can also be defined as a physical machine that’s programmable by a computer and execute tasks automatically by itself. A robot is essentially a physical embodiment of artificial intelligence.
The 3 Laws of Robotics were created by Isaac Asimov in the 1940s. The first law is that a robot may not injure a human being or allow a human being to be harmed. The second law is that a robot must obey the orders given by a human being except where it would conflict with the First law. The third law is that a robot must protect its own existence as long as it does not conflict with the First or Second law.
Joseph F. Engelberger is considered all over the world as the father of robotics. Joseph Engelberger was an American physicist, engineer, businessman and is referred to as the man responsible for the birth of one of the most impactful industries, robotics. He developed the first industrial robot in the United States in the 1950s. He was born in 1925 and died in 2015.