Crops | Agricultural Plants

Crops | Agricultural Plants

Description
Description

Crops, or agricultural plants, are species cultivated by humans for food, fiber, fuel, and raw materials. These plants are grown in a wide range of habitats, tailored to specific climatic and soil conditions to optimize growth and yield. Over centuries of agriculture, humans have selectively bred and modified these plants for desirable traits like higher yields, resistance to pests and diseases, and improved nutritional qualities. This has led to significant genetic changes from their wild ancestors.

Crops can be broadly categorized into cereals, legumes, fruits, vegetables, and cash crops like cotton and tobacco. They are fundamental to human civilization, forming the basis of our food supply and having a profound impact on global economies and cultures. The evolution of crop cultivation has been intertwined with human development, shaping landscapes and societies worldwide.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Crop plants, cultivated for human use, have diverse anatomical features tailored to their specific purposes. Cereal crops like wheat and rice have seeds rich in carbohydrates, essential for human nutrition. These seeds are usually produced at the top of sturdy stalks, making them easier to harvest. Vegetable crops, such as tomatoes and carrots, may have edible leaves, stems, or roots, each with unique structures for nutrient storage and absorption. Fruit crops bear flowers that develop into fruits containing seeds, often with fleshy, flavorful parts to encourage consumption and seed dispersal.

The growth patterns of crop plants are generally optimized for rapid development and high yield, with many bred to mature within a single growing season. This selective breeding has led to enhancements in size, taste, and nutrient content, catering to human needs and preferences.

Cultural Impact
Cultural Impact

Crops have profoundly shaped human culture and civilization. The domestication of plants for agriculture marked the beginning of settled societies and the rise of civilizations. Crops like wheat, rice, and maize are staples in diets worldwide, deeply embedded in culinary traditions and cultural identities. They're celebrated in festivals, rituals, and art, symbolizing fertility, abundance, and life.

In literature and film, fields of crops often represent pastoral beauty, sustenance, or technological progress. Beyond food, crops like cotton and hemp are vital for textiles, and others like sugarcane and corn are used in biofuels. This intricate relationship reflects how crops have been central to human development, shaping economic, social, and cultural aspects of societies across the globe.

Common Questions
Common Questions
What is needed to plant crops?

Planting crops is a process that needs multiple steps. The steps include prepping the soil, checking the genetic potential of the seed, a fertilizer strategy, as well as the necessary equipment. The equipment that is necessary to plant crops are grain drills and a planter.

What are the three main crops?

The 3 main crops that are grown throughout the world include corn, wheat, and rice which are all grains. These crops typically make up the greater part of the world’s population diet and are known as food staples. Food staples are usually eaten regularly or sometimes daily.

When did farming begin?

Farming began about 12,000 years ago and became a catalyst for the way that people lived and society developed. After farming began the previous traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyles that were followed were pushed aside and disregarded in favor of permanent settlements as well as a reliable food supply.

Plants

* Under Development *

Wheat
Scale comparison of wheat to the size of a human

Wheat is a tall, annual, cereal plant whose grain is ground and used for the flour for producing bread, pasta, pastries, etc. Wheat is harvested in two seasons, a spring and winter wheat.

Wheat attains an average height of 4’ (1.2 m).

Elevation drawing of wheat with heights between 2'6"-4" | 76-122 cm
Wheat is a tall, annual, cereal plant whose grain is ground and used for the flour for producing bread, pasta, pastries, etc. Wheat is harvested in two seasons, a spring and winter wheat.

Wheat attains an average height of 4’ (1.2 m).

Elevation drawing of wheat with heights between 2'6"-4" | 76-122 cm
Wheat
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Genus: Triticum
Height: 2’-6’ | .6-1.8 m
Height (Average): 4’ | 1.2 m
Climate: Temperate
Harvest: Two season: spring & winter
Type: Grain
Uses: Flour for bread, pasta, pastry

Drawings include:
Wheat elevation

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Corn
Measured comparison of the height of corn stalks to humans

Corn, the most widely produced feed grain in the US, is generally harvested for two months between September and November.

Corn can grow between 8'-16' (2.4-4.9 m) tall

Collection of drawings of various corn stalks in a row
Corn, the most widely produced feed grain in the US, is generally harvested for two months between September and November.

Corn can grow between 8'-16' (2.4-4.9 m) tall

Collection of drawings of various corn stalks in a row
Corn
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Height: 8’-16’ | 2.4-4.9 m
Height (Average): 12’ | 3.7m

Drawings include:
Corn Stalk elevations

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Blue Agave | Tequila Agave
Size comparison drawing of a Blue | Tequila Agave to a human with dimensions for height

The Blue Agave (Tequila Agave), Agave tequilana, is an agave plant known for producing the base ingredient of the alcoholic drink, Tequila. The large succulent with spiky blue-green-silver leaves is what makes the Blue Agave (Tequila Agave) plant highly distinguishable.

The Blue Agave (Tequila Agave) is native to the Mexican states of Jalisco, Colima, Nayarit, and Aguascalientes, but can also be found in the southwestern United States as it prefers desert and dryland habitats. The lifespan of the Blue Agave (Tequila Agave) consists of 8 to 14 years making it short-lived. The agave of the plant is pollinated by insects, bats, and hummingbirds.

The Blue Agave (Tequila Agave), Agave tequilana, is an agave plant known for producing the base ingredient of the alcoholic drink, Tequila. The large succulent with spiky blue-green-silver leaves is what makes the Blue Agave (Tequila Agave) plant highly distinguishable.

Blue Agave | Tequila Agave
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Drawings include:
Blue Agave | Tequila Agave elevation (person)

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