Farm animals are animals that are domesticated for agricultural purposes. Raised for a variety of purposes serving human demands, farm animals are commonly used for commodities such as meat, leather, wool, and the production of milk, eggs, and other natural products. Keeping livestock has been a human activity across the world since humans transitioned to farming from hunter-gatherer lifestyles. Farm animals can be differentiated by dairy animals, poultry animals, and transportation animals.

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Farm Animals

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Sheep
Dimensioned drawing comparing an average sheep to a human

Sheep are stocky ruminant mammals of the Ovis genus. Sheep are known for their undercoats of fine wool which has led to them being domesticated for their fleeces. Sheep are seen as fundamental farming animals throughout the world and have a core livestock for many civilizations. A male sheep is referred to as a ram while a female is known as an ewe.

The average Sheep has an overall height of 46.0" (117 cm), withers height of 36.0" (91 cm), and body length of 50.0" (127 cm). A typical Sheep weighs between 80-400 lb (35-180 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.

Illustrations of a sheep from the side, front, and laying down
Sheep are stocky ruminant mammals of the Ovis genus. Sheep are known for their undercoats of fine wool which has led to them being domesticated for their fleeces. Sheep are seen as fundamental farming animals throughout the world and have a core livestock for many civilizations.

The average Sheep has an overall height of 46.0" (117 cm), withers height of 36.0" (91 cm), and body length of 50.0" (127 cm). A typical Sheep weighs between 80-400 lb (35-180 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.

Illustrations of a sheep from the side, front, and laying down
Sheep
Height:
46.0" | 117 cm
Width:
Length:
50.0" | 127 cm
Depth:
36.0" (3’) | 91 cm
Weight:
80-400 lbs | 35-180 kg
Area:

Uses: Wool fleece, meat, milk

Ovis aries
Lifespan
10-12 years

Drawings include:
Sheep side elevation (standing), front, side (laying down)

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Alpaca
Scale illustration of an Alpaca and a young boy with dimensions

The Alpaca, a member of the camelid family from South America, is a domesticated relative of the Guanaco and the Vicuña who is bred for its luxurious, soft coat. The Alpaca is frequently confused with the llama, but while both domesticated South American camelids, they are two distinct species; the Alpaca being the smaller of the two, and the Llama being larger and used as a pack animal. There two types of Alpacas, the more common Huacayas, identifiable by their fluffy, teddy-bear like appearance, and the Suris, identifiable by their silky fleece that grows in locks. Alpaca fibers can come in as many as 52 natural colors from Peru, but only 12 and 16 are from Australia and the United States, respectively.

The average Alpaca has an overall height of 39.0"-46.0" (99-117 cm), withers height of 32.0"-39.0" (81-99 cm), and body length of 48.0"-84.0" (122-213 cm). A typical Alpaca weighs between 45-68 lb (100-175 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 15-25 years.

Multiple drawings of Alpaca in various poses from walking to standing and lying down
The Alpaca, a member of the camelid family from South America, is a domesticated relative of the Guanaco and the Vicuña who is bred for its luxurious, soft coat. There two types of Alpacas, the more common fluffy Huacayas, and the Suris, identifiable by their silky fleece that grows in locks.

The average Alpaca has an overall height of 39.0"-46.0" (99-117 cm), withers height of 32.0"-39.0" (81-99 cm), and body length of 48.0"-84.0" (122-213 cm). A typical Alpaca weighs between 45-68 lb (100-175 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 15-25 years.

Multiple drawings of Alpaca in various poses from walking to standing and lying down
Alpaca
Height:
39.0"-46.0" | 99-117 cm
Width:
Length:
48.0"-84.0" | 122-213 cm
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
32.0"-39.0" | 81-99 cm
Weight:
45-68 lb | 100-175 kg
Area:

Uses: Wool

Vicugna pacos
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:
Alpaca side elevation (standing), side (person), front, walking, lying down

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Donkey
Dimensioned drawing of an average donkey with measurements for height and length compared to a human farmer for scale

Donkeys, also known as asses or burros, are members of the horse family (Equidae) that are distinguished from horses by their stockier stature and floppy ears. With variations that include wild, feral, and domestic, donkeys are herd animals found around the world that are most commonly kept as beasts of burden that have assisted in the transportation of goods for thousands of years. On farms, donkeys are often bred as pets and for producing milk but they have also been found to act as guardians that help protect the other livestock. Male donkeys are called jacks, while female donkeys are known as jennies or jennets.

The average Donkey has an overall height of 43.0”-57.0” (109-145 cm), withers height of 36.0”-48.0” (92-123 cm), and body length of 57.0”-76.0” (145-193 cm). A typical Donkey weighs between 400-500 lb (180-225 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25-40 years.

Illustrations of a donkey as viewed from the side, front, and laying down
Donkeys, also known as asses or burros, are members of the horse family (Equidae) that are distinguished from horses by their stockier stature and floppy ears.

The average Donkey has an overall height of 43.0”-57.0” (109-145 cm), withers height of 36.0”-48.0” (92-123 cm), and body length of 57.0”-76.0” (145-193 cm). A typical Donkey weighs between 400-500 lb (180-225 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25-40 years.

Illustrations of a donkey as viewed from the side, front, and laying down
Donkey
Height:
43.0”-57.0” | 109-145 cm
Width:
Length:
57.0”-76.0” | 145-193 cm
Depth:
36.0”-48.0” | 92-123 cm
Weight:
400-500 lb | 180-225 kg
Area:

Uses: Milk, pack (transport), guardians

Equus asinus
Lifespan
25-40 years

Drawings include:
Donkey side elevation (standing), side (male farmer), front, side (laying down)

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Llama
Comparison drawing of a llama to the size of a human (Napoleon Dynamite) with dimensions for height and length

Llamas are domesticated herbivorous members of the camel family (camelids) characterized by their coats of thick wool and their upright posture. An iconic traditional South American animal, llamas have long been kept as useful beasts of burden that serve human needs for transportation of goods as well as for the production of wool and meat. Llamas live collectively with others in herds and are often used as guardians for other livestock because of their keen awareness and intelligence. Often confused with the alpaca, llamas are noticeably larger than alpacas and produce less wool.

The average Llama has an overall height of 67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) (1.7-1.8 m), withers (shoulder) height of 48"-53" (4’-4’5”) (1.2-1.3 m), and body length of 72"-78" (6’-6’6”) (1.8-2.0 m). A typical Llama weighs between 290-440 lb (130-200 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 15-25 years.

Multiple illustrations of a llama as viewed from the side profile, front, and laying down positions
Llamas are domesticated members of the camel family characterized by their coats of thick wool and their upright posture. An iconic traditional South American animal, llamas have long been kept as useful beasts of burden that serve human needs for transportation of goods as well as wool and meat.

The average Llama has an overall height of 67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) (1.7-1.8 m), withers (shoulder) height of 48"-53" (4’-4’5”) (1.2-1.3 m), and body length of 72"-78" (6’-6’6”) (1.8-2.0 m). A typical Llama weighs between 290-440 lb (130-200 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 15-25 years.

Multiple illustrations of a llama as viewed from the side profile, front, and laying down positions
Llama
Height:
67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) | 1.7-1.8 m
Width:
Length:
72"-78" (6’-6’6”) | 1.8-2.0 m
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
48"-53" (4’-4’5”) | 1.2-1.3 m
Weight:
290-440 lb | 130-200 kg
Area:

Uses: Wool, pack (transport), meat (Peru), guards

Lama glama
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:
Llamas side elevation (standing), side (Napoleon Dynamite), front, side (laying down)

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Horses
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