Deciduous Trees

Deciduous Trees are a type of tree that seasonally sheds their leaves for part of the year—typically in the autumn. As a natural occurring process for conserving water during winter or drought seasons, deciduous trees will often display bright autumn colors as they prepare for shedding their leaves as the production of chlorophyll pigments is decreased. Deciduous trees are commonly found in temperate forest biomes, and mixed subtropical and tropical biomes.

Why do leaves change color in autumn?

Leaves on trees change color in the fall season due to reduced chlorophyll pigment production in preparation for shedding their leaves for the winter. Brighter leaf colors occur in environments where nights are cold and days are shorter.

Why do trees lose their leaves?

Trees shed their leaves to conserve water for either the winter season in temperate climates or for the dry season in tropical and subtropical environments.

What is a Deciduous Tree?

Deciduous Trees are trees that naturally shed their leaves during specific seasons.

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Deciduous Trees Guides
Browse through our curated Deciduous Trees Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Deciduous Trees. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Deciduous Trees

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25’-30’ | 7.6-9.1 m
25’-30’ | 7.6-9.1 m
Blue Palo Verde Tree
910.000
910.000
3D
Blue Palo Verde Tree
Red Oak | Champion Oak Tree
3D
Red Oak | Champion Oak Tree
White Ash | American Ash Tree
3D
White Ash | American Ash Tree
Dogwood Tree
Dimensioned drawing of a Dogwood Tree with a person for scale

The Dogwood Tree, Cornus florida, is a deciduous tree, easily distinguished by its showy white blossoms, berries, and distinguishable bark. The Dogwood Tree has untoothed leaves with veins and grows in a rounded shape. There are between 30 to 60 different species of Dogwood Trees.

Most Dogwood Tree Species are native to boreal Eurasia, North America with various native species particularly found in China, Japan, and the southeastern United States, preferring moist soils. Dogwood Trees have an average lifespan of 80 years, but are vulnerable to fungus. The fruits, drupes, produced by the Dogwood Tree are eaten by migrating birds, deer, chipmunks, and black bears.

Multiple elevation drawings of a Dogwood Tree illustrated in detail and in silhouette profiles
The Dogwood Tree, Cornus florida, is a deciduous tree, easily distinguished by its showy white blossoms, berries, and distinguishable bark. The Dogwood Tree has untoothed leaves with veins and grows in a rounded shape. There are between 30 to 60 different species of Dogwood Trees.

Multiple elevation drawings of a Dogwood Tree illustrated in detail and in silhouette profiles
Dogwood Tree
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Height: 25’-40’ | 7.6-12.2 m
Width (Canopy): 20’-30’ | 6.1-9.1 m
Leaf Shape: Oval
Leaves (Length): 3.0”-6.0” | 7.6-15.2 cm
Color: Green slightly pale below
Scientific Name: Cornus Florida

Drawings include:
Dogwood Tree elevation (detail), elevation (outline)

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White Ash | American Ash Tree
Elevation drawing of the White Ash (American Ash) Tree with dimensions for overall height and canopy sizes

The White Ash (American Ash Tree), Fraxinus americana, is a deciduous tree with a wide-spreading canopy and was given it is named due to the color of the underside of its leaves. In appearance, it is very similar to the Green Ash Tree making it difficult to distinguish between both trees. The White Ash (American Ash Tree) is native to eastern and central North America and does not thrive under harsh conditions.

The White Ash Tree has a lifespan that can reach the age of 200 years old, but is highly susceptible to the Emerald Ash Borer which has been spreading across different landscapes. The tree provides seeds to wildlife like finches and cardinals as well as habitat.

Detailed elevation and plan drawings of the White Ash (American Ash) Tree
The White Ash (American Ash Tree), Fraxinus americana, is a deciduous tree with a wide-spreading canopy and was given it is named due to the color of the underside of its leaves. In appearance, it is very similar to the Green Ash Tree making it difficult to distinguish between both trees.

Detailed elevation and plan drawings of the White Ash (American Ash) Tree
White Ash | American Ash Tree
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Height: 50’-80’ | 15.2-24.4 m
Width (Canopy): 40’-50’ | 12.2-15.2 m
Leaf Shape: Five to Nine leaflets per leaf
Leaves (Length): 8”-15” | 20.3-38.1 cm
Color: Dark green and lighter below; yellowish with purple (Seasonal)
Scientific Name: Fraxinus americana

Drawings include:
White Ash | American Ash Tree elevation (detail), plan (detail), elevation (simple), plan (simple)

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Blue Palo Verde Tree
Elevation drawing of a Blue Palo Verde Tree with dimensions for typical overall height

The Blue Palo Verde Tree, Parkinsonia florida, is a deciduous tree with a name translating to ‘green pole or stick’ referring to its green trunk and branches. The Blue Palo Verde is multi-stemmed and has a long hanging canopy. The tree is native to Sonoran deserts in the southwestern part of the United States and northwestern Mexico preferring soil with good drainage and low amounts of moisture.

The Blue Palo Verde Tree grows fast and has a lifespan of up to 100 years. The Blue Palo Verde Tree produces seeds, nectar, and shaded cover creating wildlife value.

The Blue Palo Verde Tree, Parkinsonia florida, is a deciduous tree with a name translating to ‘green pole or stick’ referring to its green trunk and branches. The Blue Palo Verde is multi-stemmed and has a long hanging canopy. The tree is native to Sonoran deserts in the southwestern United States.

Blue Palo Verde Tree
Height:
25’-30’ | 7.6-9.1 m
Width:
25’-30’ | 7.6-9.1 m
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Leaf Shape: Tiny leaves with pods
Color:
Light green; yellow (seasonal)
Scientific Name:
Parkinsonia florida

Drawings include:
Blue Palo Verde Tree elevation

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Hawthorn Tree
Scale drawing of a Hawthorn Tree labeled with typical heights compared to the size of a person

The Hawthorn Tree, Crataegus monogyna, is a small deciduous tree with a dense canopy. Also known as the Common Hawthorn or Oneseed Hawthorn the tree has dull brown bark with orange-colored cracks. The Hawthorn Tree is native to Europe, Northwest Africa, and West Asia preferring hedgerows, fields, and woodland habitats.

The average lifespan of the Hawthorn Tree is about 250 years, but this tree has been known to live longer. The Hawthorn Tree has been traditionally used for herbalism and provides over 300 insects like the Hawthorn Moth or Orchard Ermine with food and birds with habitat and shelter.

Pair of elevation drawings of a Hawthorn Tree illustrated in silhouette and detail
The Hawthorn Tree, Crataegus monogyna, is a small deciduous tree with a dense canopy. Also known as the Common Hawthorn or Oneseed Hawthorn the tree has dull brown bark with orange-colored cracks. The Hawthorn Tree is native to Europe, Northwest Africa, and West Asia preferring hedgerows and fields.

Pair of elevation drawings of a Hawthorn Tree illustrated in silhouette and detail
Hawthorn Tree
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Height: 15’-49’ | 4.6-14.9 m
Width (Canopy): 35’-85’ | 10.7-25.9 m
Leaf Shape: Ovate with serrate on the margin
Leaves (Length): 3.0”-4.0” | 7.6-10.2 cm
Leaves (Width): 2.0”-3.0” | 5.1-7.6 cm
Color: Green; white flower bloom
Scientific Name: Crataegus

Drawings include:
Hawthorn Tree elevation (detail), elevation (outline)

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Ginkgo | Maidenhair Tree
Dimensioned elevation drawing of the Ginkgo (Maidenhair) Tree measuring height and canopy size

The Ginkgo (Maidenhair) Tree, Ginkgo bilboa, is a deciduous tree with a large angular canopy and long erratic branches as it grows with a pyramidal silhouette. The Ginkgo (Maidenhair) Tree also grows deep roots and has fan-shaped leaves with veins that radiate out.

This species of tree is native to native to China with the first Ginkgo (Maidenhair) Tree first appearing over 290 million years ago. The Ginkgo (Maidenhair) Tree has a long lifespan as it can live up to 3,000 years. Although the Gingko (Maidenhair) Tree has withstood the test of time it currently does not provide much wildlife value.

Detailed plan and elevation drawings of the Ginkgo (Maidenhair) Tree
The Ginkgo (Maidenhair) Tree, Ginkgo bilboa, is a deciduous tree with a large angular canopy and long erratic branches as it grows with a pyramidal silhouette. The Ginkgo (Maidenhair) Tree also grows deep roots and has fan-shaped leaves with veins that radiate out.

Detailed plan and elevation drawings of the Ginkgo (Maidenhair) Tree
Ginkgo | Maidenhair Tree
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Height: 25’-50’ | 7.5-15.2 m
Width (Canopy): 25’-35’ | 7.6-10.7 m
Leaf Shape: Fan shaped with leaf blade
Leaves (Length): 2”-3.9” | 5-10 cm
Color: Green, Yellow (Seasonal)
Scientific Name: Ginkgo biloba

Drawings include:
Ginkgo | Maidenhair Tree elevation (detail), plan (detail), elevation (simple), plan (simple)

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