Door operation refers to the diverse variety of door typologies and strategies for closing and securing a space. Designed for a range of everyday uses in buildings including homes, offices, retail and public spaces, and industrial settings, the choice of door operation is essential for controlling the environment and the flow of people from the exterior to the interior of a space. Common everyday forms of door operation include swinging doors, sliding doors, folding doors, revolving doors, and overhead shutter doors.

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Door Operation Guides
Browse through our curated Door Operation Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Door Operation. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Overhead Coiling Doors
Drawing of an Overhead | Coiling Door shown in 3D axon

Overhead Doors, also known as Roll Up Doors or Coiling Doors, are opened by traveling vertically; they are gathered into a roll at the top. These doors are great for providing easy access and security to a building. They eliminate many of the service issues that can arise from a conventional door, and they come in a variety of slat shapes, materials, and finishes. Overhead Doors can be insulated, fire rated, and they are very strong. When in the open position, Overhead Doors take up less space, and the sturdy construction of the door reduces the threat of damage to the door, creating a more secure environment.

Plan view of Overhead | Coiling Doors with doors closed and open with a car for scale
Overhead Doors, also known as Roll Up Doors or Coiling Doors, are opened by traveling vertically; they are gathered into a roll at the top. These doors are great for providing easy access and security to a building. They eliminate many of the service issues that can arise from a conventional door.

Plan view of Overhead | Coiling Doors with doors closed and open with a car for scale
Overhead Coiling Doors
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Drawings include:
Overhead | Coiling Doors plan (closed), plan (open)

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Pivoting Center Hung Doors
Pivoting Center Hung door illustrated in axon view

A Pivoting Center Hung Door is a door that is supported by a pivot that is recessed in the floor at a point located on the center line of the door’s thickness. It can be either single-swing or double acting. When used on a double acting door, the edges of the door cut the radius edge to allow the door to swing in both directions. They can be used on many door types, and common applications are rescue hardware applications in hospitals or other healthcare facilities. The center hung pivots are mortised into the top and bottom of the door, which provide a low profile and are often unnoticeable.

Variations of plan views of a Pivoting Center Hung door drawn open, closed, and in operation
A Pivoting Center Hung Door is a door that is supported by a pivot that is recessed in the floor at a point located on the center line of the door’s thickness. It can be either single-swing or double acting. They can be used on many door types, and common applications are in healthcare facilities.

Variations of plan views of a Pivoting Center Hung door drawn open, closed, and in operation
Pivoting Center Hung Doors
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Drawings include:
Pivoting Center Hung Door plan (open), plan (closed), plan (operation)

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Revolving Doors
Axon drawing of a Revolving Door

A Revolving Door is a door that rotates around a vertical axis within a cylindrical enclosure. It typically consists of three or four doors or panels (called “wings or “leaves”) that hang on a central shaft. They allow large numbers of people to pass in and out, and the large diameter can accommodate strollers and wheeled luggage racks. Revolving Doors are energy efficient, as they act as an airlock to prevent drafts, decreasing the loss of heating or cooling for the building.  Revolving Doors were initially designed to relieve stack effect pressure in buildings.

Assortment of drawings of Revolving Doors in operation with people or empty
A Revolving Door is a door that rotates around a vertical axis within a cylindrical enclosure. It typically consists of three or four doors or panels (called “wings or “leaves”) that hang on a central shaft. They allow large numbers of people to pass in and out, and support larger devices.

Assortment of drawings of Revolving Doors in operation with people or empty
Revolving Doors
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Drawings include:
Revolving Doors plan, plan (people)

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Door Hand Conventions
Diagram illustrating the various Door Hand Conventions used for naming the operation of a door

Door hand conventions are descriptions used when specifying door hardware, such as door closers and locksets. Door handings are based on viewing the door from the outside (secure/key side) of a space and differ based on the location of the hinges and the direction in which the door opens.

Door hand conventions are descriptions used when specifying door hardware, such as door closers and locksets. Door handings are based on viewing the door from the outside (secure/key side) of a space and differ based on the location of the hinges and the direction in which the door opens.

Door Hand Conventions
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Left Hand (LH): Hinges on left, door opens into room
Right Hand (RH): Hinges on right, door opens into room
Left Hand Reverse (LHR): Hinges on left, door opens to outside
Right Hand Reverse (RHR): Hinges on right, door opens to outside

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Door Hand Conventions plans

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Pocket Sliding Doors
Axon drawing illustrating the operation of a Pocket Sliding Door

A Pocket Sliding Door is a door that disappears into a compartment in the adjacent wall when it is fully open. They are often used when there is no room for the swing of a hinged door. Depending on how wide an entry is, a Pocket Sliding Door can have a single door or a double door. They can be open and closed by a roller suspended from an overhead track, or from tracks and guides along the floor. Using a Pocket Sliding Door over a hinged door can free up more space; however, the hidden parts and hardware can make it difficult to replace or repair when something goes wrong.

Drawings of various phases of operating a Pocket Sliding Door showing open, closed and operating positions
A Pocket Sliding Door is a door that disappears into a compartment in the adjacent wall when it is fully open. They are often used when there is no room for the swing of a hinged door. Depending on how wide an entry is, a Pocket Sliding Door can have a single door or a double door.

Drawings of various phases of operating a Pocket Sliding Door showing open, closed and operating positions
Pocket Sliding Doors
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Drawings include:
Pocket Sliding Doors plans, plans (people)

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