Door operation refers to the diverse variety of door typologies and strategies for closing and securing a space. Designed for a range of everyday uses in buildings including homes, offices, retail and public spaces, and industrial settings, the choice of door operation is essential for controlling the environment and the flow of people from the exterior to the interior of a space. Common everyday forms of door operation include swinging doors, sliding doors, folding doors, revolving doors, and overhead shutter doors.

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Door Operation Guides
Browse through our curated Door Operation Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Door Operation. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Pivoting Center Hung Doors
Pivoting Center Hung door illustrated in axon view

A Pivoting Center Hung Door is a door that is supported by a pivot that is recessed in the floor at a point located on the center line of the door’s thickness. It can be either single-swing or double acting. When used on a double acting door, the edges of the door cut the radius edge to allow the door to swing in both directions. They can be used on many door types, and common applications are rescue hardware applications in hospitals or other healthcare facilities. The center hung pivots are mortised into the top and bottom of the door, which provide a low profile and are often unnoticeable.

Variations of plan views of a Pivoting Center Hung door drawn open, closed, and in operation
A Pivoting Center Hung Door is a door that is supported by a pivot that is recessed in the floor at a point located on the center line of the door’s thickness. It can be either single-swing or double acting. They can be used on many door types, and common applications are in healthcare facilities.

Variations of plan views of a Pivoting Center Hung door drawn open, closed, and in operation
Pivoting Center Hung Doors
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Drawings include:
Pivoting Center Hung Door plan (open), plan (closed), plan (operation)

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Swinging | Hinged Doors
Axon diagram of Swinging | Hinged Doors with the door open

Swinging doors, also commonly known as hinged doors, operate by turning on hinges installed on a side jamb. When pulled or pushed, a swing door pivots around the jamb and the threshold. These doors require designers to verify required clearances of the door swing to make sure that there is enough space for the door to fully open. The swing door is the most commonly used door system because of its convenience in allowing access and passage. In most cases the rotation axis is vertical, but it can also be hinged so that the rotation axis is not in the plane of the door. This reduces the space required on the side the door opens; it is found in train and airplane doors, so the door to the toilet opens inward. Some variations of Hinged Doors include Swing Doors (that open inward and outward), French Doors, Mead Doors, Dutch Doors, and Garden Doors.

Collection of plan drawings of Swinging | Hinged doors showing open, closed, and operating positions
Swinging doors, also commonly known as hinged doors, operate by turning on hinges installed on a side jamb. When pulled or pushed, a swing door pivots around the jamb and the threshold. The swing door is the most commonly used door system because of its convenience in allowing access and passage.

Collection of plan drawings of Swinging | Hinged doors showing open, closed, and operating positions
Swinging | Hinged Doors
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Benefits: Effective for weather proofing and acoustic and thermal insulation
Use:
Exterior and interior
Fire Rated:
Possible

Drawings include:
Swinging | Hinged Doors plan (closed), plan (operation), plan (open), plans (people)

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Folding Doors
Axon diagram of Folding Doors showing operation

A Folding Door opens by folding back in sections or panels. They are known as ‘bi-fold doors’, though most Folding Doors have more than two panels. They can be used as internal or external room dividers and can be made from a variety of materials. Most Folding Doors are glazed with wood, aluminum, or upvc panels. Compared to a traditional door, a Folding Door has a greater aperture, so they increase physical and visual accessibility between internal rooms or an internal room and an outside space.  Some examples include interior Folding Doors, for closets and pantries, folding patio doors, and larger folding wall systems for residential or commercial use.

Multiple plans of Folding Doors from closed to open with various degrees of operation in between
A Folding Door opens by folding back in sections or panels. They are known as ‘bi-fold doors’, though most Folding Doors have more than two panels. They can be used as internal or external room dividers and can be made from a variety of materials.

Multiple plans of Folding Doors from closed to open with various degrees of operation in between
Folding Doors
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Drawings include:
Folding Doors plan (open), plan (closed), plans (degrees of operation), axon

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Door Hand Conventions
Diagram illustrating the various Door Hand Conventions used for naming the operation of a door

Door hand conventions are descriptions used when specifying door hardware, such as door closers and locksets. Door handings are based on viewing the door from the outside (secure/key side) of a space and differ based on the location of the hinges and the direction in which the door opens.

Door hand conventions are descriptions used when specifying door hardware, such as door closers and locksets. Door handings are based on viewing the door from the outside (secure/key side) of a space and differ based on the location of the hinges and the direction in which the door opens.

Door Hand Conventions
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Left Hand (LH): Hinges on left, door opens into room
Right Hand (RH): Hinges on right, door opens into room
Left Hand Reverse (LHR): Hinges on left, door opens to outside
Right Hand Reverse (RHR): Hinges on right, door opens to outside

Drawings include:
Door Hand Conventions plans

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Overhead Coiling Doors
Drawing of an Overhead | Coiling Door shown in 3D axon

Overhead Doors, also known as Roll Up Doors or Coiling Doors, are opened by traveling vertically; they are gathered into a roll at the top. These doors are great for providing easy access and security to a building. They eliminate many of the service issues that can arise from a conventional door, and they come in a variety of slat shapes, materials, and finishes. Overhead Doors can be insulated, fire rated, and they are very strong. When in the open position, Overhead Doors take up less space, and the sturdy construction of the door reduces the threat of damage to the door, creating a more secure environment.

Plan view of Overhead | Coiling Doors with doors closed and open with a car for scale
Overhead Doors, also known as Roll Up Doors or Coiling Doors, are opened by traveling vertically; they are gathered into a roll at the top. These doors are great for providing easy access and security to a building. They eliminate many of the service issues that can arise from a conventional door.

Plan view of Overhead | Coiling Doors with doors closed and open with a car for scale
Overhead Coiling Doors
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Drawings include:
Overhead | Coiling Doors plan (closed), plan (open)

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