Landfowl | Game Birds | Galliformes

Galliformes is a large and diverse group of heavy-bodied, ground feeding birds. Also known as landfowl or game birds, galliformes are non-migratory and skilled runners, using their speed to escape predators as opposed to flying away. Galliformes are found on essentially all continents, but are rare or completely absent on islands, or areas that are completely ice or desert. Galliformes are chicken-like in appearance with blunt wings; their plumage can range from dark and drab to bright and colorful. Galliformes are omnivores and eat plant matter, as well as, insects, snakes, worms, or even small rodents. Galliformes have been domesticated and bred by humans for food or kept as pets.

What are game birds?

Game birds are wild birds that are hunted for sport and also raised for commercial purposes for their meat or egg production. Some species are trained to become ‘flight-ready’ birds for release in hunting preserves. Laws regulate their hunting, as well as protect their breeding season.

What do game birds eat?

A game birds diet depends on their species and if they are in the wild or in captivity. Typically, game birds in captivity have a diet that varies depending if they are being raised for breeding, meat, or shooting preserves. Game birds in the wild typically eat leaves, grasses, fruits, berries, seeds, and insects.

What species are game birds?

There are more than 400 species of game birds. The species include the guinea fowl, peacock, pigeon, and squab. Other species are the swan, dove, and some ducks. The most popular game birds hunted for sport and food are grouses, patridges, pheasants, quails, snipes, wild turkeys, and woodcocks.

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Landfowl | Game Birds

Turkey
Dimensioned drawing comparing a farm turkey to a human with average lengths and heights

Turkeys are a large game bird native to North America and can be identified by their fan-shaped tail feathers, bald heads and red wattle that hangs from their neck. Female turkeys are referred to as hens, while males are known as toms. Typically domesticated as a poultry food source, turkeys are traditionally famous for serving during festive occasions such as Thanksgiving and Christmas.

The typical Turkey has an overall height of 48.0" (122 cm) and body length of 46.0" (117 cm). An average Turkey weighs between 17-30 lb (7.7-13.6 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 1.5-1.75 years (farm); 10 (wild).

Multiple drawings of a turkey from the front and side showing walking, standing, and pointing
Turkeys are a large game bird native to North America and can be identified by their fan-shaped tail feathers, bald heads and red wattle that hangs from their neck. Turkeys average 4’ | 122 cm in height with weights that average 17 lbs | 7.7 kg in the wild.

The typical Turkey has an overall height of 48.0" (122 cm) and body length of 46.0" (117 cm). An average Turkey weighs between 17-30 lb (7.7-13.6 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 1.5-1.75 years (farm); 10 (wild).

Multiple drawings of a turkey from the front and side showing walking, standing, and pointing
Turkey
Height:
48.0" (4’) | 122 cm
Width:
Length:
46.0" (3’10”) | 117 cm
Depth:
Weight:
17-30 lb | 7.7-13.6 kg
Area:

Uses: Meat

Meleagris gallopavo
Lifespan
1.5-1.75 years (farm); 10 (wild)

Drawings include:
Turkeys side elevation (walking), front, side (standing), side (pointing)

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