Grassland | Plains Animals

Plains animals refer to the small but unique set of animals that inhabit the Great Plains regions of North America. Living within this diverse ecosystem that faces difficult natural conditions including limited rainfall and harsh winters and summers, plains animals have uniquely adapted to survive by roaming the prairie grasslands and hillsides. Today, plains animals are increasingly threatened by resource extraction and fragmentation which has led to calls for preservation and restoration of the region. Plains animals include a broad variety of species from the iconic bison to ferrets, wolves, coyotes, foxes, and grazing animals.

How do grazing animals help grasslands?

Grazing animals help grasslands by maintaining the ecosystem as well as stimulating plants for new growth. The constant grazing of these animals helps trigger biological activity while promoting nutrient exchanges. Grazing animals also help compact soil with their hooves as well as open new areas for seeds to spread.

What are grazing animals called?

Grazing animals are called ruminants as they eat by looking for forage, selecting the grass, and then grabbing and eating the forage with their mouth. Ruminants stand out from other animals as the way that they grasp and ingest food is different. Grazing animals also move differently in new pastures than other animals.

How do animals adapt to the grasslands?

Animals adapt to the grasslands through multiple factors as they have to withstand the challenges of the grasslands. Animals adapt to the grasslands by being fast and agile as well as carrying out nesting behavior adequate for their environment. Grassland animals typically embrace camouflage to blend, have a structured social system, and burrowing behavior.

Grassland Animals Guides
Browse through our curated Grassland Animals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Grassland Animals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Aardvark
267700
23.6”-29.9” | 60-76 cm
11”-13.4” | 28-34 cm
41.3”-51.2” | 105-130 cm (Body)
88-176 lb | 40-80 kg
15-30 years
Aardvark
76.000
34.000
130.000
80.000
30.00
267700
3D
Aardvark
16”-20” | 41-51 cm (Shoulder)
5.9”-7.9” | 15-20 cm
21.6”-31.5” | 55-80 cm
18-26.5 lb | 8-12 kg
8-14 years
Aardwolf
51.000
20.000
80.000
12.000
14.00
37000
3D
Aardwolf
Addax
329400
35.4”-39.4” | 90-100 cm
12.6”-14.2” | 32-36 cm
45.3”-51.2” | 115-130 cm
132-298 lb | 60-135 kg
19-25 years
Addax
100.000
36.000
130.000
135.000
25.00
329400
3D
Addax
8.5’-13’ | 2.6-4 m
4.27’-6.89’ | 1.3-2.1 m
10’-16.5’ | 3-5 m
5,500-15,400 lb | 2,500-7,000 kg
60-75 years
African Bush Elephant
400.000
210.000
500.000
7000.000
75.00
42900
3D
African Bush Elephant
15.75”-20.5” | 40-52 cm
7.5”-9.8” | 19-25 cm
26.4”-35” | 67-89 cm (Body)
15.4-44.1 lb | 7-20 kg
15-28 years
African Civet
52.000
25.000
89.000
20.000
28.00
10450
3D
African Civet
1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
2.75”-3.9” | 7-10 cm
.6-1.2 oz | 18-34 g
4 years (wild); 5-6 years (captivity)
African Dormouse
5.000
10.000
0.034
6.00
70
3D
African Dormouse
44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)
African Lion
130.000
200.000
190.000
15.00
449000
3D
African Lion
55.1”-65” | 140-165 cm
78.7”-92.5” | 200-235 cm
507-606 lb | 230-275 kg
25-40 years
African Wild Ass
165.000
235.000
275.000
40.00
4200
3D
African Wild Ass
34”-40” | 86-102 cm
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
20-60 lb | 9-27 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 15-17 years (captivity)
Agile Wallaby
102.000
84.000
27.000
17.00
67000
3D
Agile Wallaby
9.5’-16.1’ | 2.9-4.9 m
3.3’-5.25’ | 1-1.6 m
26’-43’ | 7.9-13.1 m
3,300-5,070 lb | 1,497-2,300 kg
25-30 years
Allosaurus
490.000
160.000
1310.000
2300.000
30.00
199000
3D
Allosaurus
10.2”-12.6” | 26-32 cm
9.1”-11.4” | 23-29 cm
23.6”-30” | 60-76 cm
9-26.5 lb | 4-12 kg
9-25 years
American Badger
32.000
29.000
76.000
12.000
25.00
31000
3D
American Badger
63.8”-84.3” | 162-214 cm
30.7”-40.6” | 78-103 cm
86”-114” | 218-290 cm
900-2000 lb | 410-910 kg
12-20 years (wild); 20-40 years (captivity)
American Bison
214.000
103.000
290.000
910.000
40.00
36600
3D
American Bison
.2”-.39” | 5-10 mm
.43”-.79” | 11-20 mm
1.18”-2.09” | 30-53 mm
1-2 years
American Cockroach
1.000
2.000
5.300
2.00
68000
3D
American Cockroach
13.4”-16.7” | 34-42.5 cm
47.2”-61” | 120-155 cm (Wingspan)
20.9”-26” | 53-66 cm
1.3-3.6 lb | .6-1.65 kg
20-32 years
American Herring Gull
42.500
155.000
66.000
1.650
32.00
190
3D
American Herring Gull
5.7”-8.1” | 14.5-20.5 cm
19.7”-24” | 50-61 cm (Wingspan)
8.7”-12.2” | 22-31 cm
.18-.36 lb | .08-.165 kg
5-11 years
American Kestrel
20.500
61.000
31.000
0.165
11.00
25500
3D
American Kestrel
5.5”-6.9” | 14-17.5 cm
12.2”-15.75” | 31-40 cm (Wingspan)
9.1”-11” | 23-28 cm
2.3-3 oz | 65-84 g
2-14 years
American Robin
17.500
40.000
28.000
0.084
14.00
49100
3D
American Robin
93.7”-100.8” | 238-256 cm
46.9”-51.2” | 119-130 cm
113”-123” | 286-312 cm
3300-3500 lb | 1500-1590 kg
14-16 years
Ancient Bison
256.000
130.000
312.000
1590.000
16.00
1750
3D
Ancient Bison
17.1’-18.7’ | 5.2-5.7 m
6.9’-7.5’ | 2.1-2.3 m
69’-75’ | 21-23 m
36,000-49,000 lb | 16,330-22,226 kg
70-100 years
Apatosaurus
570.000
230.000
2300.000
22226.000
100.00
87000
3D
Apatosaurus
30.3”-41.3” | 77-105 cm
7.5”-10.2” | 19-26 cm
31.5”-43.3” | 80-110 cm
35-66 lb | 16-30 kg
8-15 years
Arabian Gazelle
105.000
26.000
110.000
30.000
15.00
2900
3D
Arabian Gazelle
.1”-.16” | 2.5-4 mm
.16”-.26” | 4-6.5 mm
.22”-.33” | 5.5-8.5 mm
2-3 years
Asian Lady Beetle
0.400
0.650
0.850
3.00
64000
3D
Asian Lady Beetle
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
3D
Asiatic Lion
14.2”-17.9” | 36-45.5 cm
31.5”-33.5” | 80-85 cm (Wingspan)
23.6”-29.5” | 60-75 cm
4-6.6 lb | 1.8-3 kg
10-13 years
Australian Brushturkey
45.500
85.000
75.000
3.000
13.00
120
3D
Australian Brushturkey
39.4”-51.2” | 100-130 cm
16.5”-22.4” | 42-57 cm
70.9”-98.4” | 180-250 cm
331-661 lb | 150-300 kg
20-30 years
Baird's Tapir
130.000
57.000
250.000
300.000
30.00
750
3D
Baird's Tapir
16.9”-24.2” | 43-61.5 cm
70”-90” | 178-229 cm (Wingspan)
27.6”-39.4” | 70-100 cm
6.5-14 lb | 2.95-6.35 kg
20-30 years
Bald Eagle
61.500
229.000
100.000
6.350
30.00
272400
3D
Bald Eagle
1.2”-2.75” | 3-7 cm
2’-5’ | .61-1.52 m
2.6-6.6 lb | 1.2-3 kg
30-50 years
Ball Python
7.000
152.000
3.000
50.00
227400
3D
Ball Python
5.9”-9.1” | 15-23 cm (Shoulder)
2.75”-4.3” | 7-11 cm
12”-18” | 30.5-46 cm
3.3-5.5 lb | 1.5-2.5 kg
10-17 years
Banded Mongoose
23.000
11.000
46.000
2.500
17.00
2300
3D
Banded Mongoose
Barn Owl
201000
12.2”-15.2” | 31-38.5 cm
31.5”-43.3” | 80-110 cm (Wingspan)
12.6”-15.75” | 32-40 cm
.55-1.26 lb | .25-.57 kg
4-15 years
Barn Owl
38.500
110.000
40.000
0.570
15.00
201000
3D
Barn Owl
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
18”-26” | 46-66 cm
7-12 lb | 3-5 kg
5-7 years (wild); up to 12-16 years (captivity)
Bat-Eared Fox
38.000
66.000
5.000
16.00
12300
3D
Bat-Eared Fox
34”-45” | 86-114 cm
5’3”-6’5” | 160-196 cm
220-650 lb | 100-295 kg
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Bengal Tiger
114.000
196.000
295.000
25.00
45000
3D
Bengal Tiger
22.8”-26.8” | 58-68 cm
29.5”-35.4” | 75-90 cm
16.4’-19.7’ | 5-6 m
209-882 lb | 95-400 kg
30-80 years
Black Caiman
68.000
90.000
600.000
400.000
80.00
21000
3D
Black Caiman
.035”-.05” | .9-1.3 mm
.04”-.06” | 1-1.5 mm
.14”-.2” | 3.5-5 mm (Worker); .31”-.35” | 8-9 mm (Queen)
1-2 years (Worker); 10-15 years (Queen)
Black Garden Ant
0.130
0.150
0.500
2.00
29000
3D
Black Garden Ant
.14”-.24” | 3.5-6 mm (Male); .18”-.28” | 4.5-7 mm (Female)
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm (Male); .16”-.24” | 4-6 mm (Female)
.95”-1.54” | 24-39 mm (Male); 1.22”-1.85” | 31-47 mm (Female)
1-2 years
Black House Spider
0.700
0.600
4.700
2.00
41600
3D
Black House Spider
2”-3.9” | 5-10 cm
6.5’-14’ | 1.98-4.27 m
2.2-3.5 lb | 1-1.6 kg
10-20 years
Black Mamba
10.000
427.000
1.600
20.00
437350
3D
Black Mamba
4.9’-6.2’ | 1.5-1.9 m
3’-3.6’ | .9-1.1 m
9.8’-12.3’ | 3-3.75 m
1,764-3,086 lb | 800-1,400 kg
30-50 years
Black Rhinoceros
190.000
110.000
375.000
1400.000
50.00
66000
3D
Black Rhinoceros
.55”-.98” | 1.4-2.5 cm
.59”-1.18” | 1.5-3 cm
3.15”-5.91” | 8-15 cm
1-2 years
Black Slug
2.500
3.000
15.000
2.00
2900
3D
Black Slug
.18”-.22” | 4.5-5.5 mm
2.64”-3.5” | 67-89 mm (Wingspan)
.79”-1.1” | 20-28 mm
2-3 months
Black Swallowtail
0.550
8.900
2.800
0.25
20600
3D
Black Swallowtail
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
17.3”-22” | 44-56 cm
66.9”-86.6” | 170-220 cm
243-375 lb | 110-170 kg
15-22 years
Black Wildebeest
180.000
56.000
220.000
170.000
22.00
5100
3D
Black Wildebeest
3.9”-5.9” | 10-15 cm
2.6”-3.5” | 6.5-9 cm
13”-18.1” | 33-46 cm
1.3-3.1 lb | .6-1.4 kg
4-9 years
Black-Footed Ferret
15.000
9.000
46.000
1.400
9.00
24000
3D
Black-Footed Ferret
5.9”-7.3” | 15-18.5 cm
12”-16” | 31-41 cm
2-4 lb | .9-1.8 kg
3-5 years (wild); 8-10 years (captivity)
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog
18.500
41.000
1.800
10.00
800
3D
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog
34.6”-44.9” | 88-114 cm
9.4”-12.2” | 24-31 cm
39.4”-51.2” | 100-130 cm
68-126 lb | 31-57 kg
10-24 years
Blackbuck
114.000
31.000
130.000
57.000
24.00
58200
3D
Blackbuck
3.1”-3.9” | 8-10 cm
10.2”-11.4” | 26-29 cm (Wingspan)
5.5”-6.7” | 14-17 cm
.9-1.1 oz | 26-32 g
5-10 years
Blue Grosbeak
10.000
29.000
17.000
0.032
10.00
7700
3D
Blue Grosbeak
4.37”-6.5” | 11.1-16.5 cm
3.94”-5.91” | 10-15 cm
40”-60” | 101.6-152.4 cm
25-31 lb | 11-14 kg
25-69 years
Blue Iguana
16.500
15.000
152.400
14.000
69.00
34600
3D
Blue Iguana
49.2”-76.8” | 125-195 cm
15.75”-26.4” | 40-67 cm
59”-94.5” | 150-240 cm
265-639 lb | 120-290 kg
15-24 years
Blue Wildebeest
195.000
67.000
240.000
290.000
24.00
9800
3D
Blue Wildebeest
50”-61” | 127-155 cm
13.4”-15.75” | 34-40 cm
61”-94.5” | 155-190 cm
265-441 lb | 120-200 kg
15-22 years
Bluebuck
155.000
40.000
190.000
200.000
22.00
4150
3D
Bluebuck
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm
.98”-2.56” | 25-65 mm
.39”-.91” | 10-23 mm
1-3 years
Bold Jumping Spider
0.500
6.500
2.300
3.00
28000
3D
Bold Jumping Spider
.05”-.09” | 1.2-2.4 mm
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm
.16”-.31” | 4-8 mm
17-21 days
Boll Weevil
0.240
0.300
0.800
0.06
27800
3D
Boll Weevil
40.2”-65” | 102-165 cm
13”-22” | 33-56 cm
51.2”-82.7” | 130-210 cm
121-342 lb | 55-155 kg
12-23 years
Bontebok
165.000
56.000
210.000
155.000
23.00
5350
3D
Bontebok
41’-49.2’ | 12.5-15 m (Overall)
10.2’-12.5’ | 3.1-3.8 m
59’-72.2’ | 18-22 m
62,400-103,400 lb | 28,300-46,900 kg
80-100 years
Brachiosaurus
1500.000
380.000
2200.000
46900.000
100.00
291000
3D
Brachiosaurus
39.4”-47.2” | 100-120 cm
15.75”-18.9” | 40-48 cm
70.9”-87” | 180-221 cm
397-705 lb | 180-320 kg
25-40 years
Brazilian Tapir
120.000
48.000
221.000
320.000
40.00
4700
3D
Brazilian Tapir
26.6’-28.9’ | 8.1-8.8 m
6.6’-7.4’ | 2-2.25 m
69’-75’ | 21-23 m
34,000-50,000 lb | 15,422-22,680 kg
80-100 years
Brontosaurus
880.000
225.000
2300.000
22680.000
100.00
213000
3D
Brontosaurus
.03”-.04” | .7-1 mm
.04”-.07” | 1.1-1.7 mm
.17”-.24” | 4.2-6.2 mm
3-18 months
Brown Dog Tick
0.100
0.170
0.620
1.50
24000
3D
Brown Dog Tick
28”-31” | 71-79 cm (Shoulder)
11.8”-13.8” | 30-35 cm
39.4”-49.2” | 100-125 cm
84-104 lb | 38-47 kg
12-20 years
Brown Hyena
79.000
35.000
125.000
47.000
20.00
8100
3D
Brown Hyena
.14”-.22” | 3.5-5.5 mm
.26”-.42” | 6.7-10.7 mm
.47”-.75” | 12-19 mm
6-8 months
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug
0.550
1.070
1.900
0.66
80000
3D
Brown Marmorated Stink Bug
.09”-.16” | 2.2-4 mm
.08”-.16” | 2-4 mm
.83”-1.46” | 21-37 mm
2-4 years
Brown Recluse Spider
0.400
0.400
3.700
4.00
139000
3D
Brown Recluse Spider
3.5”-8.7” | 9-22 cm
8’-26’ | 2.44-7.92 m
15-165 lb | 6.8-75 kg
20-28 years
Burmese Python
22.000
792.000
75.000
28.00
72500
3D
Burmese Python
5.3”-8.9” | 13.5-22.5 cm
20”-24” | 51-61 cm (Wingspan)
6.7”-11” | 17-28 cm
.29-.57 lb | .13-.26 kg
6-11 years
Burrowing Owl
22.500
61.000
28.000
0.260
11.00
34200
3D
Burrowing Owl
7.1”-12.2” | 18-31 cm
4.3”-7.5” | 11-19 cm
12.2”-21.7” | 31-55 cm
2.9-7.9 lb | 1.3-3.6 kg
10-14 years
Bush Hyrax
31.000
19.000
55.000
3.600
14.00
150
3D
Bush Hyrax
30.3”-37.4” | 77-95 cm
106.3”-126” | 270-320 cm (Wingspan)
42.9”-52.8” | 109-134 cm
18.7-26.5 lb | 8.5-12 kg
30-60 years
California Condor
95.000
320.000
134.000
12.000
60.00
53200
3D
California Condor
7”-8.7” | 18-22 cm
15.7”-20” | 40-51 cm
.6-1.6 lb | 280-740 g
3-6 years (wild); up to 10 years (captivity)
California Ground Squirrel
22.000
51.000
0.740
10.00
4000
3D
California Ground Squirrel
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
3’-6.5’ | .91-1.98 m
1-3.3 lb | .45-1.5 kg
10-20 years
California Kingsnake
5.000
198.000
1.500
20.00
16400
3D
California Kingsnake
.51”-.83” | 1.3-2.1 cm
.47”-.79” | 1.2-2 cm
4.72”-7.87” | 12-20 cm
.21-.39 oz | 6-11 g
15-30 years
California Newt
2.100
2.000
20.000
0.011
30.00
2700
3D
California Newt
5.9”-6.7” | 15-17 cm
12.6”-16.1” | 32-41 cm (Wingspan)
9.4”-10.6” | 24-27 cm
.33-.42 lb | .15-.19 kg
4-10 years
California Quail
17.000
41.000
27.000
0.190
10.00
15100
3D
California Quail
60.2”-73.6” | 153-187 cm
32.7”-38.6” | 83-98 cm
96”-118” | 245-300 cm
1213-1918 lb | 550-870 kg
20-23 years (wild); 23-29 years (captivity)
Cape Buffalo
187.000
98.000
300.000
870.000
29.00
25600
3D
Cape Buffalo
1.6”-2” | 4-5 cm
1.6”-2” | 4-5 cm
3.9”-4.7” | 10-12 cm
.9-1.7 oz | 25-47 g
3-4 years
Cape Golden Mole
5.000
5.000
12.000
0.047
4.00
180
3D
Cape Golden Mole
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
3D
Caracal
3”-3.5” | 7.5-9 cm
9.4”-11.4” | 24-29 cm (Wingspan)
4.7”-5.5” | 12-14 cm
.6-.8 oz | 18-23 g
6-9 years
Carolina Wren
9.000
29.000
14.000
0.023
9.00
39050
3D
Carolina Wren
1.6”-3.15” | 4-8 cm
6.5’-10’ | 1.98-3.05 m
26.4-33 lb | 12-15 kg
15-30 years
Carpet Python
8.000
305.000
15.000
30.00
27200
3D
Carpet Python
.02”-.04” | .6-1 mm
.02”-.04” | .6-1 mm
.08”-.12” | 2-3 mm
4-25 days
Cat Flea
0.100
0.100
0.300
0.07
25600
3D
Cat Flea
Cheetah
185000
28”-35” | 70–90 cm
44”-59” | 112-150 cm
77-143 lb | 35-65 kg
10-12 years
Cheetah
90.000
150.000
65.000
10.00
185000
3D
Cheetah
29.9”-39.4” | 76-100 cm
9.1”-11.4” | 23-29 cm
35.4”-47.2” | 90-120 cm
44-55 lb | 20-25 kg
12-15 years
Chinkara
100.000
29.000
120.000
25.000
15.00
20900
3D
Chinkara
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
Chukar
20400
9.1”-10.2” | 23-26 cm
20.1”-22” | 51-56 cm (Wingspan)
13.4”-15” | 34-38 cm
1-1.76 lb | .45-.8 kg
3-5 years
Chukar
26.000
56.000
38.000
0.800
5.00
20400
3D
Chukar
.013”-.016” | .34-.4 mm
.018-.02” | .45-.5 mm
.055”-.063” | 1.4-1.6 mm
2-3 weeks
Clover Mite
0.040
0.050
0.160
0.06
9400
3D
Clover Mite
3’-4.3’ | .9-1.3 m
6.3”-10.2” | 16-26 cm
6.6’-9.8’ | 2-3 m
33-55 lb | 15-25 kg
Coelophysis
130.000
26.000
300.000
25.000
22000
3D
Coelophysis
.11”-.21” | 2.7-5.3 mm
.14”-.28” | 3.5-7 mm
.24”-.47” | 6-12 mm
2-12 months
Colorado Potato Beetle
0.530
0.700
1.200
1.00
7100
3D
Colorado Potato Beetle
5.5”-6.9” | 14-17.5 cm
13.4”-15.4” | 34-39 cm (Wingspan)
9.1”-11.4” | 23-29 cm
2.8-4.4 oz | 80-125 g
2-22 years
Common Blackbird
17.500
39.000
29.000
0.125
22.00
34300
3D
Common Blackbird
11.6”-16.7” | 29.5-42.5 cm
43.3”-51.2” | 110-130 cm (Wingspan)
17.7”-25.6” | 45-65 cm
1.2-2.9 lb | .55-1.3 kg
20-29 years
Common Buzzard
42.500
130.000
65.000
1.300
29.00
21900
3D
Common Buzzard
55.9”-71.7” | 142-182 cm
19.7”-25.2” | 50-64 cm
83”-106” | 212-269 cm
661-2072 lb | 300-940 kg
15-20 years (wild); up to 25 years (captivity)
Common Eland
182.000
64.000
269.000
940.000
25.00
5700
3D
Common Eland
9.6”-13.8” | 24.5-35 cm
5.3”-6.7” | 13.5-17 cm
16.9”-23.6” | 43-60 cm (Body)
3.3-7.1 lb | 1.5-3.2 kg
8-23 years
Common Genet
35.000
17.000
60.000
3.200
23.00
4000
3D
Common Genet
.35”-.71” | .9-1.8 cm
.4”-.83” | 1-2.1 cm
3”-5.9” | 7.5-15 cm
1.6-2.5 oz | 45-70 g
3-8 years
Common House Gecko
1.800
2.100
15.000
0.070
8.00
136000
3D
Common House Gecko
.06”-.12” | 1.5-3 mm (Male); .14”-.22” | 3.5-5.5 mm (Female)
.05”-.1” | 1.2-2.5 mm (Male); .12”-2” | 3-5 mm (Female)
.33”-.67” | 8.5-17 mm (Male); .79”-1.3” | 20-33 mm (Female)
1-2 years
Common House Spider
0.550
0.500
3.300
2.00
30000
3D
Common House Spider
8.1”-9.4” | 20.5-24 cm
26.8”-31.5” | 68-80 cm (Wingspan)
13”-15.4” | 33-39 cm
.31-.68 lb | .14-.31 kg
15-18 years
Common Kestrel
24.000
80.000
39.000
0.310
18.00
33500
3D
Common Kestrel
.71”-1.1” | 1.8-2.8 cm
.98”-1.38” | 2.5-3.5 cm
7.1”-11” | 18-28 cm
1.6-3 oz | 45-85 g
10-20 years
Common Leopard Gecko
2.800
3.500
28.000
0.085
20.00
300000
3D
Common Leopard Gecko
12.4”-16.1” | 31.5-41 cm
22”-35.4” | 56-90 cm (Wingspan)
27.6”-35.4” | 70-90 cm
1.7-3.75 lb | .75-1.7 kg
11-20 years
Common Pheasant
41.000
90.000
90.000
1.700
20.00
4200
3D
Common Pheasant
.12”-.26” | 3-6.5 mm
.16”-.33” | 4-8.5 mm
.35”-.71” | 9-18 mm
2-4 years
Common Potato Bug
0.650
0.850
1.800
4.00
125000
3D
Common Potato Bug
5.3”-6.1” | 13.5-15.5 cm
12.6”-13.8” | 32-35 cm (Wingspan)
6.3”-7.1” | 16-18 cm
.22-.37 lb | .1-.17 kg
2-6 years
Common Quail
15.500
35.000
18.000
0.170
6.00
13500
3D
Common Quail
10.4”-17.7” | 26.5-45 cm
6.7”-12.2” | 17-31 cm
15.75”-27.6” | 40-70 cm (Body)
7.7-23.1 lb | 3.5-10.5 kg
2-16 years
Common Raccoon
45.000
31.000
70.000
10.500
16.00
19390
3D
Common Raccoon
2.4”-3.5” | 6-9 cm
6”-10” | 15-25 cm
.6-1.5 lb | 250-700 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-3 years (captivity)
Common Rat
9.000
25.000
0.700
3.00
120000
3D
Common Rat
1”-1.5” | 2.5-3.8 cm
2”-3.1” | 5-8 cm
.18-.5 oz | 5-14 g
1-2 years
Common Shrew
3.800
8.000
0.014
2.00
1300
3D
Common Shrew
1.97”-3.27” | 5-8.3 cm
1.73”-2.87” | 4.4-7.3 cm
3”-5” | 7.6-12.7 cm
.7-2.8 oz | 20-79 g
10-40 years
Common Toad
8.300
7.300
12.700
0.079
40.00
19400
3D
Common Toad
52.75”-81.9” | 134-208 cm
18.1”-26.4” | 46-67 cm
59”-90.6” | 150-230 cm
265-353 lb | 120-160 kg
10-15 years
Common Tsessebe
208.000
67.000
230.000
160.000
15.00
805
3D
Common Tsessebe
1.4”-2.2” | 3.5-5.5 cm
3.1”-5.1” | 8-13 cm
.7-1.4 oz | 20-40 g
.5-1 year (wild); 1-3 years (captivity)
Common Vole
5.500
13.000
0.040
3.00
73000
3D
Common Vole
25”-33” | 64-84 cm
36”-60” | 91-152 cm
120-250 lb | 55-110 kg
15-18 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Common Warthog
84.000
152.000
110.000
20.00
41000
3D
Common Warthog
15.1’-17.4’ | 4.6-5.3 m
3.3’-3.9’ | 1-1.2 m
30’-33' | 9.14-10 m
6,000-11,000 lb | 2,722-4,990 kg
60-70 years
Corythosaurus
530.000
120.000
1000.000
4990.000
70.00
18000
3D
Corythosaurus
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
5.3”-5.7” | 13.5-14.5 cm
13.4”-13.8” | 34-35 cm (Wingspan)
10.6”-11” | 27-28 cm
2.2-3.3 oz | 61-94 g
5-11 years
Curve-Billed Thrasher
14.500
35.000
28.000
0.094
11.00
1650
3D
Curve-Billed Thrasher
4.25’-4.58’ | 1.3-1.4 m
2.4’-2.5’ | .73-.76 m
5.58’-5.91’ | 1.7-1.8 m
440-550 lb | 200-250 kg
68 years (minimum)
Cyprus Dwarf Elephant
140.000
76.000
180.000
250.000
68.00
70
3D
Cyprus Dwarf Elephant
52”-60.6” | 132-154 cm
9.8”-11.4” | 25-29 cm
55.1”-65” | 140-165 cm
77-165 lb | 35-75 kg
12-19 years
Dama Gazelle
154.000
29.000
165.000
75.000
19.00
1750
3D
Dama Gazelle
Deer Tick
129000
.01”-.024” | .2-.6 mm
.02”-.06” | .5-1.5 mm
.08”-.24” | 2-6 mm
2-3 years
Deer Tick
0.060
0.150
0.600
3.00
129000
3D
Deer Tick
2.8’-4.75’ | .85-1.45 m
9.4”-16.5” | 24-42 cm
9’-16’ | 2.74-4.88 m
160-220 lb | 73-100 kg
Deinonychus
145.000
42.000
488.000
100.000
99000
3D
Deinonychus
Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta)
Scale illustration of an average Rhesus Macaque compared to other species of Old World Monkeys

The Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) is a primate native to Asia. They are small monkeys with brown hair and red faces. They are found all across Asia, from China to Afghanistan, and have the largest spread of any primate other than humans. There are even populations of rhesus macaques in the US, particularly Florida and South Carolina, brought as a tourist attraction in the first half of the twentieth century. They are a highly adaptable and resilient species, traits that help them in the wild but have led to their use as lab animals in captivity.

Rhesus Macaques have a head-body length of 18.5”-25.2” (47-64 cm), tail length of 8.3”-9.1” (21-23 cm), height on all fours of 16.1”-22.4” (41-57 cm), and body width between 7.9”-11” (20-28 cm). The typical weight of the Rhesus Macaque is in the range of 11.7-17 lb (5.3-7.7 kg). Rhesus Macaques have lifespans between 20-30 years in the wild and 25-40 years in captivity.

Group of measured illustrations of the Rhesus Macaque seen from the front and side
The Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) is a primate native to Asia. They are small monkeys with brown hair and red faces. They are found all across Asia, from China to Afghanistan, and have the largest spread of any primate other than humans. There are even populations of rhesus macaques in the US.

Rhesus Macaques have a head-body length of 18.5”-25.2” (47-64 cm), tail length of 8.3”-9.1” (21-23 cm), height on all fours of 16.1”-22.4” (41-57 cm), and body width between 7.9”-11” (20-28 cm). The typical weight of the Rhesus Macaque is in the range of 11.7-17 lb (5.3-7.7 kg). Rhesus Macaques have lifespans between 20-30 years in the wild and 25-40 years in captivity.

Group of measured illustrations of the Rhesus Macaque seen from the front and side
Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta)
Height:
16.1”-22.4” | 41-57 cm
Width:
7.9”-11” | 20-28 cm
Length:
18.5”-25.2” | 47-64 cm
Depth:
Weight:
11.7-17 lb | 5.3-7.7 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 8.3”-9.1” | 21-23 cm

Scientific Name
Macaca mulatta
Lifespan
20-30 years (wild); 25-40 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Rhesus Macaque side elevation (assorted), front

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European Harvestman (Phalangium opilio)
Comparison drawing of the European Harvestman compared to other spiders

Its close relatives may be mites and not spiders, hence the European Harvestman (Opiliones) is no true spider. It falls under the class Arachnida and is separated from other long-legged spiders by a single pair of eyes in the cephalothorax middle and fused body regions. This cosmopolitan creature is also called Daddy longlegs, Harvester, or Harvestmen. Since they are not true spiders, they lack silk glands hence can’t build a web or produce venom. Therefore, their defense mechanisms include a suit of armor that may counter chemical secretions from a predator, freezing, fleeing, and bobbing. The European Harvestmen swallow both solid and liquid foods.

The European Harvestman has an overall legspan length between 2.64”-6.18” (6.7-15.7 cm). European Harvestmen have a typical body length of .16”-.35” (4-9 mm), body width of .08”-.18” (2-4.5 mm), and body height of .07”-.17” (1.8-4.3 mm). The common lifespan of the European Harvestman is between 1 year.

Set of scaled top and elevation drawings of the European Harvestman
Its close relatives may be mites and not spiders, hence the European Harvestman (Opiliones) is no true spider. It falls under the class Arachnida and is separated from other long-legged spiders by a single pair of eyes in the cephalothorax middle and fused body regions.

The European Harvestman has an overall legspan length between 2.64”-6.18” (6.7-15.7 cm). European Harvestmen have a typical body length of .16”-.35” (4-9 mm), body width of .08”-.18” (2-4.5 mm), and body height of .07”-.17” (1.8-4.3 mm). The common lifespan of the European Harvestman is between 1 year.

Set of scaled top and elevation drawings of the European Harvestman
European Harvestman (Phalangium opilio)
Height:
.07”-.17” | 1.8-4.3 mm
Width:
.08”-.18” | 2-4.5 mm
Length:
2.64”-6.18” | 6.7-15.7 cm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Body Length: .16”-.35” | 4-9 mm

Scientific Name
Phalangium opilio
Lifespan
1 year

Drawings include:

European Harvestman top view, side

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Jaguar (Panthera onca)
Scale illustration of an average Jaguar with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Jaguar (Panthera onca) is the largest species of the New World cat family and the third largest in the world just behind the tiger and lion. Preferring to live in swamps and wooded areas, the largest population of jaguars is resides in the Amazon rainforest.

The Jaguar closely resembles the Leopard due to its fur color being either gold or black and its rosette pattern for camouflage, however the Jaguar is larger in build and has spots inside of its rosettes. The name ‘jaguar’ comes from the Indian ‘yaguar’ meaning, “he who kills with one leap.” Noted as an apex predator, the Jaguar stalks and jumps its prey and is known to be a skillful climber and swimmer.

Jaguars have a shoulder height between 27”-31” (69-79 cm), body length of 4’10”-6’ (147-183 cm), and weight in the range of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The tail of a Jaguar is 18”-32” (46-81 cm) in length. Jaguars have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-25 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Jaguar in various poses
The Jaguar (Panthera onca) is the largest species of the New World cat family and the third largest in the world just behind the tiger and lion. Preferring to live in swamps and wooded areas, the largest population of jaguars is resides in the Amazon rainforest.

Jaguars have a shoulder height between 27”-31” (69-79 cm), body length of 4’10”-6’ (147-183 cm), and weight in the range of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The tail of a Jaguar is 18”-32” (46-81 cm) in length. Jaguars have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-25 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Jaguar in various poses
Jaguar (Panthera onca)
Height:
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
Width:
Length:
4’10”-6’ | 147-183 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
Weight:
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
Area:
Tail Length
18”-32” | 46-81 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera onca
Lifespan
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Jaguar side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Dorcas Gazelle compared to an average person

The Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas) inhabits the semi-desert regions of Africa. This is mostly in the savannahs and small dune fields. It is a small gazelle and sometimes called ariel gazelle. Its horns are strong and curved while the ears are longer. Coat color varies depending on location. Species in the Sahara regions have pale-colored coats with white underbellies while those north of Sahara are ochre. Because of the region it exists, it can go for days without water, and withstand high temperatures. These gazelles are mostly browsers and nocturnal. You can find them in pairs or social groupings led by a dominant male.

Dorcas Gazelles have a standing shoulder height between 21.7”-25.6” (55-65 cm), overall body length from 35.4”-43.3” (90-110 cm), standing height of roughly 28.7”-36.2” (73-92 cm), and a body width of 7.1”-9.1” (18-23 cm). The weight of a Dorcas Gazelle is between 31-44 lb (14-20 kg). Dorcas Gazelles have a typical lifespan of 15-24 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Dorcas Gazelle
The Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas) inhabits the semi-desert regions of Africa. This is mostly in the savannahs and small dune fields. It is a small gazelle and sometimes called ariel gazelle. Its horns are strong and curved while the ears are longer. Coat color varies depending on location.

Dorcas Gazelles have a standing shoulder height between 21.7”-25.6” (55-65 cm), overall body length from 35.4”-43.3” (90-110 cm), standing height of roughly 28.7”-36.2” (73-92 cm), and a body width of 7.1”-9.1” (18-23 cm). The weight of a Dorcas Gazelle is between 31-44 lb (14-20 kg). Dorcas Gazelles have a typical lifespan of 15-24 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Dorcas Gazelle
Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas)
Height:
28.7”-36.2” | 73-92 cm
Width:
7.1”-9.1” | 18-23 cm
Length:
35.4”-43.3” | 90-110 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
21.7”-25.6” | 55-65 cm
Weight:
31-44 lb | 14-20 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Gazella dorcas
Lifespan
15-24 years

Drawings include:

Dorcas Gazelle side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Gemsbok (Oryx gazella)
Scale illustration of an average Gemsbok compared to a human

The Gemsbok (Oryx gazella) is easily identified by its distinct body color, which is light taupe to tan plus the black markings that run from the face down the neck to the legs. The black markings and white ‘socks’ are also visible on the anterior part of all the legs. Their long tail is also black. This antelope is large, with a thick muscular neck and long straight horns. It is also called gemsbuck or the South African oryx found in grasslands and arid areas of the Kalahari desert. The gemsbok’s horn is highly prized, as we can use it as a natural trumpet. It is both a grazer and a browser and nomadic. Females live in social groups, but males can be solitary.

Gemsboks have a standing shoulder height between 45.3”-49.2” (115-125 cm), overall body length from 70.9”-94.5” (180-240 cm), standing height of roughly 48.4”-64.6” (123-164 cm), and a body width of 15.4”-19.3” (39-49 cm). The weight of a Gemsbok is between 220-661 lb (100-300 kg). Gemsboks have a typical lifespan of 18-24 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of Gemsbok in various poses
The Gemsbok (Oryx gazella) is easily identified by its distinct body color, which is light taupe to tan plus the black markings that run from the face down the neck to the legs. The black markings and white ‘socks’ are also visible on the anterior part of all the legs.

Gemsboks have a standing shoulder height between 45.3”-49.2” (115-125 cm), overall body length from 70.9”-94.5” (180-240 cm), standing height of roughly 48.4”-64.6” (123-164 cm), and a body width of 15.4”-19.3” (39-49 cm). The weight of a Gemsbok is between 220-661 lb (100-300 kg). Gemsboks have a typical lifespan of 18-24 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of Gemsbok in various poses
Gemsbok (Oryx gazella)
Height:
48.4”-64.6” | 123-164 cm
Width:
15.4”-19.3” | 39-49 cm
Length:
70.9”-94.5” | 180-240 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
45.3”-49.2” | 115-125 cm
Weight:
220-661 lb | 100-300 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Oryx gazella
Lifespan
18-24 years

Drawings include:

Gemsbok side elevation, front, back, lying down

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