Grassland | Plains Animals

Plains animals refer to the small but unique set of animals that inhabit the Great Plains regions of North America. Living within this diverse ecosystem that faces difficult natural conditions including limited rainfall and harsh winters and summers, plains animals have uniquely adapted to survive by roaming the prairie grasslands and hillsides. Today, plains animals are increasingly threatened by resource extraction and fragmentation which has led to calls for preservation and restoration of the region. Plains animals include a broad variety of species from the iconic bison to ferrets, wolves, coyotes, foxes, and grazing animals.

How do grazing animals help grasslands?

Grazing animals help grasslands by maintaining the ecosystem as well as stimulating plants for new growth. The constant grazing of these animals helps trigger biological activity while promoting nutrient exchanges. Grazing animals also help compact soil with their hooves as well as open new areas for seeds to spread.

What are grazing animals called?

Grazing animals are called ruminants as they eat by looking for forage, selecting the grass, and then grabbing and eating the forage with their mouth. Ruminants stand out from other animals as the way that they grasp and ingest food is different. Grazing animals also move differently in new pastures than other animals.

How do animals adapt to the grasslands?

Animals adapt to the grasslands through multiple factors as they have to withstand the challenges of the grasslands. Animals adapt to the grasslands by being fast and agile as well as carrying out nesting behavior adequate for their environment. Grassland animals typically embrace camouflage to blend, have a structured social system, and burrowing behavior.

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Grassland Animals Guides
Browse through our curated Grassland Animals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Grassland Animals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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8.5’-13’ | 2.6-4 m
4.27’-6.89’ | 1.3-2.1 m
10’-16.5’ | 3-5 m
5,500-15,400 lb | 2,500-7,000 kg
60-75 years
African Bush Elephant
400.000
210.000
500.000
7000.000
75.00
42900
3D
African Bush Elephant
1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
2.75”-3.9” | 7-10 cm
.6-1.2 oz | 18-34 g
4 years (wild); 5-6 years (captivity)
African Dormouse
5.000
10.000
0.034
6.00
70
3D
African Dormouse
44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)
African Lion
130.000
200.000
190.000
15.00
449000
3D
African Lion
55.1”-65” | 140-165 cm
78.7”-92.5” | 200-235 cm
507-606 lb | 230-275 kg
25-40 years
African Wild Ass
165.000
235.000
275.000
40.00
4200
3D
African Wild Ass
34”-40” | 86-102 cm
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
20-60 lb | 9-27 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 15-17 years (captivity)
Agile Wallaby
102.000
84.000
27.000
17.00
67000
3D
Agile Wallaby
60"-78" (5’-6’6”) | 1.52-1.98 m
79.0"-138.0" (6’7”-11’6”) | 2-3.5 m
660-2,200 lb | 300-1000 kg
15 years (wild), 25 years (captivity)
American Bison
198.000
350.000
1000.000
15.00
100000
3D
American Bison
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
3D
Asiatic Lion
1.2”-2.75” | 3-7 cm
2’-5’ | .61-1.52 m
2.6-6.6 lb | 1.2-3 kg
30-50 years
Ball Python
7.000
152.000
3.000
50.00
227400
3D
Ball Python
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
18”-26” | 46-66 cm
7-12 lb | 3-5 kg
5-7 years (wild); up to 12-16 years (captivity)
Bat-Eared Fox
38.000
66.000
5.000
16.00
12300
3D
Bat-Eared Fox
34”-45” | 86-114 cm
5’3”-6’5” | 160-196 cm
220-650 lb | 100-295 kg
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Bengal Tiger
114.000
196.000
295.000
25.00
45000
3D
Bengal Tiger
2”-3.9” | 5-10 cm
6.5’-14’ | 1.98-4.27 m
2.2-3.5 lb | 1-1.6 kg
10-20 years
Black Mamba
10.000
427.000
1.600
20.00
437350
3D
Black Mamba
.55”-.98” | 1.4-2.5 cm
.59”-1.18” | 1.5-3 cm
3.15”-5.91” | 8-15 cm
1-2 years
Black Slug
2.500
3.000
15.000
2.00
2900
3D
Black Slug
5.9”-7.3” | 15-18.5 cm
12”-16” | 31-41 cm
2-4 lb | .9-1.8 kg
3-5 years (wild); 8-10 years (captivity)
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog
18.500
41.000
1.800
10.00
800
3D
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog
3.5”-8.7” | 9-22 cm
8’-26’ | 2.44-7.92 m
15-165 lb | 6.8-75 kg
20-28 years
Burmese Python
22.000
792.000
75.000
28.00
72500
3D
Burmese Python
7”-8.7” | 18-22 cm
15.7”-20” | 40-51 cm
.6-1.6 lb | 280-740 g
3-6 years (wild); up to 10 years (captivity)
California Ground Squirrel
22.000
51.000
0.740
10.00
4000
3D
California Ground Squirrel
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
3’-6.5’ | .91-1.98 m
1-3.3 lb | .45-1.5 kg
10-20 years
California Kingsnake
5.000
198.000
1.500
20.00
16400
3D
California Kingsnake
.51”-.83” | 1.3-2.1 cm
.47”-.79” | 1.2-2 cm
4.72”-7.87” | 12-20 cm
.21-.39 oz | 6-11 g
15-30 years
California Newt
2.100
2.000
20.000
0.011
30.00
2700
3D
California Newt
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
3D
Caracal
1.6”-3.15” | 4-8 cm
6.5’-10’ | 1.98-3.05 m
26.4-33 lb | 12-15 kg
15-30 years
Carpet Python
8.000
305.000
15.000
30.00
27200
3D
Carpet Python
Cheetah
185000
28”-35” | 70–90 cm
44”-59” | 112-150 cm
77-143 lb | 35-65 kg
10-12 years
Cheetah
90.000
150.000
65.000
10.00
185000
3D
Cheetah
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
2.4”-3.5” | 6-9 cm
6”-10” | 15-25 cm
.6-1.5 lb | 250-700 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-3 years (captivity)
Common Rat
9.000
25.000
0.700
3.00
120000
3D
Common Rat
1”-1.5” | 2.5-3.8 cm
2”-3.1” | 5-8 cm
.18-.5 oz | 5-14 g
1-2 years
Common Shrew
3.800
8.000
0.014
2.00
1300
3D
Common Shrew
1.4”-2.2” | 3.5-5.5 cm
3.1”-5.1” | 8-13 cm
.7-1.4 oz | 20-40 g
.5-1 year (wild); 1-3 years (captivity)
Common Vole
5.500
13.000
0.040
3.00
73000
3D
Common Vole
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
4.25’-4.58’ | 1.3-1.4 m
2.4’-2.5’ | .73-.76 m
5.58’-5.91’ | 1.7-1.8 m
440-550 lb | 200-250 kg
68 years (minimum)
Cyprus Dwarf Elephant
140.000
76.000
180.000
250.000
68.00
70
3D
Cyprus Dwarf Elephant
Dingo
105000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
28”-43” | 71-109 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Dingo
61.000
109.000
20.000
16.00
105000
3D
Dingo
Donkey
119000
43”-57” | 109-145 cm
57”-76” | 145-193 cm
400-500 lb | 180-225 kg
25-40 years
Donkey
145.000
193.000
225.000
25.00
119000
3D
Donkey
7”-9” | 17.8-22.9 cm
15”-18” | 38-45.7 cm
2-4.5 lb | .9-2 kg
2-3 years (wild); up to 7-9 years (captivity)
Eastern Cottontail
22.900
45.700
2.000
9.00
7600
3D
Eastern Cottontail
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
3D
Eastern Coyote
1.5”-2” | 3.8-5.1 cm
4.3”-6.3” | 11-16 cm
.17-.3 lb | 75-130 g
3-6 years
Eastern Mole
5.100
16.000
0.130
6.00
2100
3D
Eastern Mole
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
3D
Elk | Wapiti
2.6”-4” | 6.6-10.2 cm
6”-9” | 15.2-22.9 cm
.9-1.3 lb | 400-600 g
2-4 years (wild), up to 6-10 years (captivity)
Four-Toed Hedgehog
10.200
22.900
0.600
10.00
3750
3D
Four-Toed Hedgehog
3.7”-4.9” | 9.5-12.5 cm
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
17.6-24.3 lb | 8-11 kg
13-20 years
Gaboon Viper
12.500
183.000
11.000
20.00
140400
3D
Gaboon Viper
Gazelle
237000
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
90-180 lb | 41-82 kg
10-12 years
Gazelle
125.000
125.000
82.000
10.00
237000
3D
Gazelle
.79”-1.18” | 2-3 cm (Diameter)
3.28’-9.84’ | 1-3 m
.44-.88 lb | .2-.4 kg
10-20 years
Giant Gippsland Earthworm
3.000
300.000
0.400
20.00
4100
3D
Giant Gippsland Earthworm
Giraffe
302000
18’-20’ | 5.5-6.0 m
7.5’-8.5' | 2.2-2.6 m
1,750-2,800 lb | 795-1,270 kg
25 years
Giraffe
600.000
260.000
1270.000
25.00
302000
3D
Giraffe
18”-20” | 46-51 cm
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
18-24 lb | 8-11 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Golden Jackal
51.000
84.000
11.000
16.00
5000
3D
Golden Jackal
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
50-150 lb | 23-68 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
Gray Wolf
84.000
183.000
68.000
17.00
35000
3D
Gray Wolf
3.5”-7.9” | 9-20 cm
10’-30’ | 3.05-9.14 m
100-550 lb | 45-250 kg
10-32 years
Green Anaconda
20.000
914.000
250.000
32.00
77400
3D
Green Anaconda
3’-4’6” | .91-1.37 m
5’6”-8’ | 1.68-2.44 m
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Grizzly Bear
137.000
244.000
363.000
45.00
102000
3D
Grizzly Bear
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm
1.5-2.6 lb | .7-1.2 kg
2-4 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Guinea Pig | Cavy
10.500
25.000
1.200
7.00
7300
3D
Guinea Pig | Cavy
Hinny
36000
41.3”-57” | 105-145 cm
53.1”-72.8” | 135-185 cm
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
30-40 years
Hinny
145.000
185.000
363.000
40.00
36000
3D
Hinny
54.0"-78.0" (4’6"-6'6") | 1.4-2 m
114.0"-168.0" (9’6"-14’) | 2.9-4.3 m
3,100-8,800 lb | 1,500-4,000 kg
40-50 years
Hippopotamus
200.000
430.000
4000.000
50.00
84000
3D
Hippopotamus
.14”-.26” | 3.5-6.5 mm
1”-1.5” | 2.5-3.8 cm
3-7 years
House Centipede
0.650
3.800
7.00
148000
3D
House Centipede
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
2.5”-4” | 6.3-10.2 cm
1.4-1.6 oz | 40-45 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-5 years (captivity)
House Mouse
5.000
10.200
0.045
5.00
17000
3D
House Mouse
Hyena
139000
38.0” | 97 cm
47.0”-59.0” | 120-150 cm
110-190 lb | 50-86 kg
25 years
Hyena
97.000
150.000
86.000
25.00
139000
3D
Hyena
1”-1.4” | 2.5-3.5 cm
3.5’-5’ | 1.07-1.52 m
4.4-6.6 lb | 2-3 kg
24-32 years
Indian Cobra
3.500
152.000
3.000
32.00
38100
3D
Indian Cobra
6.58’-11.42’ | 2-3.5 m
3.28’-6.23’ | 1-1.9 m
8.2’-14.44’ | 2.5-4.4 m
4,409-11,023 lb | 2,000-5,500 kg
50-80 years
Indian Elephant
350.000
190.000
440.000
5500.000
80.00
61700
3D
Indian Elephant
45.3”-51.2” | 115-130 cm
55.1”-63.8” | 140-162 cm
441-573 lb | 200-260 kg
20-40 years
Indian Wild Ass
130.000
162.000
260.000
40.00
5080
3D
Indian Wild Ass
3”-3.9” | 7.5-10 cm
6’-9’ | 1.83-2.74 m
2.2-4.4 lb | 1-2 kg
10-20 years
Inland Taipan
10.000
274.000
2.000
20.00
79900
3D
Inland Taipan
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
10-15 years
Irish Elk
213.000
320.000
700.000
15.00
19000
3D
Irish Elk
Jaguar
407000
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
4’10”-6’ | 147-183 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Jaguar
79.000
183.000
113.000
25.00
407000
3D
Jaguar
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
22”-30” | 56-76 cm
6-20 lb | 3-9 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Jaguarundi
36.000
76.000
9.000
20.00
26000
3D
Jaguarundi
3.15”-5.5” | 8-14 cm
10’-18’ | 3.05-5.49 m
11-15 lb | 5-6.8 kg
15-23 years
King Cobra
14.000
549.000
6.800
23.00
353900
3D
King Cobra
Kit Fox
13000
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
17”-21” | 43-53 cm
4-6 lb | 2-2.7 kg
4-7 years (wild); up to 12-14 years (captivity)
Kit Fox
30.000
53.000
2.700
14.00
13000
3D
Kit Fox
6”-8.5” | 15-22 cm
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
1.6-3.3 lb | .7-1.5 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 5-6 years (captivity)
Long-Nosed Bandicoot
22.000
43.000
1.500
6.00
44000
3D
Long-Nosed Bandicoot
2.2”-2.7” | 5.6-6.8 cm
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
2-4.6 oz | 60-130 g
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)
Mongolian Gerbil
6.800
14.500
0.130
5.00
2700
3D
Mongolian Gerbil
41.3”-55.1” | 105-140 cm
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
441-573 lb | 200-260 kg
15-40 years
Mongolian Wild Ass
140.000
180.000
260.000
40.00
3180
3D
Mongolian Wild Ass
Mule
309000
63”-78.7” | 160-200 cm
70.9”-86.6” | 180-220 cm
820-1,000 lb | 372-454 kg
30-40 years
Mule
200.000
220.000
454.000
40.00
309000
3D
Mule
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
15-22 years
Mule Deer
107.000
168.000
150.000
22.00
38000
3D
Mule Deer
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Diameter)
1.57”-2.75” | 4-7 cm
.001-.002 lb | .5-1 g
New Guinea Flatworm
0.500
7.000
0.001
6000
3D
New Guinea Flatworm
12.6”-16.5” | 32-42 cm
23.6”-35.4” | 60-90 cm
20-40 lb | 9-18 kg
10-15 years (wild); 15-30 years (captivity)
North American Porcupine
42.000
90.000
18.000
30.00
200
3D
North American Porcupine
Ocelot
137000
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Ocelot
51.000
102.000
18.000
20.00
137000
3D
Ocelot
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
3.5”-5.5” | 8-14 cm
2.1-3.4 oz | 60-95 g
2-5 years (wild); 5-10 years (captivity)
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
6.000
14.000
0.095
10.00
26000
3D
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
56.3”-63” | 143-160 cm
66.9”-75.6” | 170-192 cm
441-573 lb | 200-260 kg
20-40 years
Persian Onager
160.000
192.000
260.000
40.00
1000
3D
Persian Onager
3.5”-5.1” | 9-13 cm
8.2”-13.8” | 21-35 cm
.26-.44 lb | 120-200 g
1-3 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Plains Pocket Gopher
13.000
35.000
0.200
7.00
450
3D
Plains Pocket Gopher
51"-75" | 130-191 cm
64"-96" | 163-244 cm
440-990 lb | 200-450 kg
20-30 years
Plains Zebra
191.000
244.000
450.000
30.00
128000
3D
Plains Zebra
51.2”-61” | 130-155 cm
63”-74.8” | 160-190 cm
551-794 lb | 250-360 kg
20-25 years
Przewalski's Horse
155.000
190.000
360.000
25.00
310
3D
Przewalski's Horse
8”-12” | 20-31 cm
22”-28” | 55-71 cm
14-22 lb | 6.5-10 kg
Up to 14 years (captivity)
Pygmy Hog
31.000
71.000
10.000
14.00
1500
3D
Pygmy Hog
Quagga
102300
53.1”-57” | 135-145 cm
65”-70.9” | 165-180 cm
551-661 lb | 250-300 kg
20-40 years
Quagga
145.000
180.000
300.000
40.00
102300
3D
Quagga
Quokka
190000
9.5”-13” | 24-33 cm
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
5-11 lb | 2.3-5 kg
8-12 years (wild); up to 13-15 years (captivity)
Quokka
33.000
53.000
5.000
15.00
190000
3D
Quokka
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
3D
Red Fox
4’10”-6’10” | 147-208 cm
39”-63” | 99-160 cm
50-200 lb | 23-91 kg
8-16 years (wild); up to 25-27 years (captivity)
Red Kangaroo
208.000
160.000
91.000
27.00
132000
3D
Red Kangaroo
24”-26” | 61-66 cm
38”-60” | 97-152 cm
45-85 lb | 20-39 kg
5-6 years (wild); up to 14 years (captivity)
Red Wolf
66.000
152.000
39.000
14.00
42000
3D
Red Wolf
2.4”-5.9” | 6-15 cm
5’-21’ | 1.52-6.4 m
165-385 lb | 75-175 kg
15-30 years
Reticulated Python
15.000
640.000
175.000
30.00
75800
3D
Reticulated Python
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
11’-13’9" | 3.4-4.2 m
3,500-8,800 lb | 1,600-4,000 kg
35-40 years
Rhinoceros
210.000
420.000
4000.000
40.00
106000
3D
Rhinoceros
.4”-.8” | 1-2 cm
16”-38” | 41-97 cm
2.2-3.3 lb | 1-1.5 kg
9-11 years
Ribbon Snake
2.000
97.000
1.500
11.00
21005
3D
Ribbon Snake
.4”-.6” | 1-1.5 cm
22”-32” | 56-81 cm
.03-.07 lb | 15-30 g
5-15 years
Rough Green Snake
1.500
81.000
0.030
15.00
13300
3D
Rough Green Snake
Serval
78000
21”-26” | 53-66 cm
23”-36” | 58-91 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Serval
66.000
91.000
18.000
20.00
78000
3D
Serval
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Short-Faced Bear
183.000
290.000
998.000
16700
3D
Short-Faced Bear
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
120-320 lb | 54-145 kg
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)
Sloth Bear
91.000
185.000
145.000
40.00
37000
3D
Sloth Bear
11”-12” | 28-30 cm
15”-21” | 38-53 cm
4-7 lb | 2-3 kg
3-6 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
Swift Fox
30.000
53.000
3.000
14.00
7600
3D
Swift Fox
Tarpan
27100
54.3”-59.8” | 138-152 cm
70.9”-78.7” | 180-200 cm
661-882 lb | 300-400 kg
25-30 years
Tarpan
152.000
200.000
400.000
30.00
27100
3D
Tarpan
13.5”-17” | 34-43 cm
22”-28” | 56-71 cm
13-18 lb | 6-8 kg
4-6 years (wild); up to 8 years (captivity)
Tasmanian Devil
43.000
71.000
8.000
8.00
127000
3D
Tasmanian Devil
.4”-1” | 1-2.5 cm
2’-4’ | .61-1.22 m
2-5 lb | .9-2.3 kg
7-15 years
Texas Coral Snake
2.500
122.000
2.300
15.00
7700
3D
Texas Coral Snake
20”-27” | 51-69 cm
39”-51” | 99-130 cm
35-65 lb | 16-29 kg
5-7 years (wild); up to 8-11 years (captivity)
Thylacine
69.000
130.000
29.000
11.00
44000
3D
Thylacine
.28”-.47” | 7-12 mm
3.9”-7.1” | 10-18 cm
4-6 years
Tiger Centipede
1.200
18.000
6.00
2600
3D
Tiger Centipede
Turkey
18000
48.0" (4’) | 122 cm
46.0" (3’10”) | 117 cm
17-30 lb | 7.7-13.6 kg
1.5-1.75 years (farm); 10 (wild)
Turkey
122.000
117.000
13.600
1.75
18000
3D
Turkey
32”-58” | 81-147 cm
30”-55” | 75-140 cm
40-120 lb | 18-54 kg
12-18 years (wild); up to 20-22 years (captivity)
Wallaroo
147.000
140.000
54.000
22.00
7000
3D
Wallaroo
Warthog
41000
25”-33” | 64-84 cm
36”-60” | 91-152 cm
120-250 lb | 55-110 kg
15-18 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Warthog
84.000
152.000
110.000
20.00
41000
3D
Warthog
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
.8”-1.4” | 2-3.5 cm
2’-4’ | .61-1.22 m
.55-1.3 lb | .25-.6 kg
20-25 years
Water Moccasin
3.500
122.000
0.600
25.00
191000
3D
Water Moccasin
1.4”-2.75” | 3.5-7 cm
3’-7’ | .91-2.13 m
2.6-14.8 lb | 1.2-6.7 kg
15-26 years
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
7.000
213.000
6.700
26.00
20800
3D
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Wild Boar
91.000
183.000
100.000
20.00
39000
3D
Wild Boar
8.5’-11.17’ | 2.6-3.4 m
4.59’-6.23’ | 1.4-1.9 m
9.19’-12.47’ | 2.8-3.8 m
13,205-17,593 lb | 5,990-7,980 kg
60-80 years
Woolly Mammoth
340.000
190.000
380.000
7980.000
80.00
146900
3D
Woolly Mammoth
9.4”-13.4” | 24-34 cm
18.5”-27.5” | 47-70 cm
3.5-11 lb | 1.6-5 kg
12-15 years (wild); up to 21 years (captivity)
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
34.000
70.000
5.000
21.00
4200
3D
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Zonkey
40000
45.3”-65” | 115-165 cm
53.1”-76.8” | 135-195 cm
500-700 lb | 227-318 kg
15-25 years
Zonkey
165.000
195.000
318.000
25.00
40000
3D
Zonkey
Zony
15000
46.5”-53.1” | 118-135 cm
55.1”-66.9” | 140-170 cm
500-700 lb | 227-318 kg
15-25 years
Zony
135.000
170.000
318.000
25.00
15000
3D
Zony
Coyote
Comparison illustration of the size of a Coyote to a typical person

The Mexican Coyote (Canis latrans cagottis) has a vivid fur coloring ranging from brown, white, tawny, gray, and rust red. The Mexican coyote is 1 of 19 subspecies of the coyote. They are native to both Mexico and central America.

They usually breed once a year and are less likely to form packs than wolves. The Mexican Coyote is carnivorous and 90% of the diet is other mammals, but they may also eat frogs and snakes. In the wild coyotes have a lifespan of about 10 years and in captivity they have a longevity of up to 18 years.

Coyotes have a shoulder height of 21”-24” (53-61 cm), body length between 32”-37” (81-94 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 20-45 lb (9-20 kg). The typical lifespan of a Coyote is 10-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Coyote
The Mexican Coyote (Canis latrans cagottis) has a vivid fur coloring ranging from brown, white, tawny, gray, and rust red. The Mexican coyote is 1 of 19 subspecies of the coyote. They are native to both Mexico and central America.

Coyotes have a shoulder height of 21”-24” (53-61 cm), body length between 32”-37” (81-94 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 20-45 lb (9-20 kg). The typical lifespan of a Coyote is 10-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Coyote
Coyote
Height:
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
Width:
Length:
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
Depth:
Weight:
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
Area:
Coat Color
Scientific Name
Canis latrans
Lifespan
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Coyote side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Short-Faced Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Short-Faced Bear to an average human

The Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus sp.) is a genus of extinct bears that lived in North America from approximately 11,000 years earlier in the Pleistocene period. It was the earliest North American bear and the largest in California. The bear could run up to 40 miles an hour and scare off or threaten other competitors from prey. To survive, the Short-Faced Bear has been estimated to have had to eat 35 pounds of meat each day. The Short-Faced Bear would weigh 2,000 pounds, for comparison, a male grizzly weighs approximately 600 pounds.

Male Short-Faced Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-6’ (1.52-1.83 m )and a weight in the range of 1750-2200 lb (794-998 kg). The shoulder heights of females were between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) with weights from 650-900 lb (295-408 kg). The Short-Faced Bear had an overall body length of roughly 6’9”-9’6” (2.06-2.9 m) and an upright standing height of 8’-12’ (2.5-3.66 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Short-Faced Bear
The Short-Faced Bear (Arctodus sp.) is a genus of extinct bears that lived in North America from approximately 11,000 years earlier in the Pleistocene period. It was the earliest North American bear and the largest in California. The bear could run up to 40 miles an hour and scare off competition.

Male Short-Faced Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-6’ (1.52-1.83 m )and a weight in the range of 1750-2200 lb (794-998 kg). The shoulder heights of females were between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) with weights from 650-900 lb (295-408 kg). The Short-Faced Bear had an overall body length of roughly 6’9”-9’6” (2.06-2.9 m) and an upright standing height of 8’-12’ (2.5-3.66 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Short-Faced Bear
Short-Faced Bear
Height:
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
Width:
Length:
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
Depth:
Standing Height
8’-12’ | 2.5-3.66 m
Weight:
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-6’ | 1.52-1.83 m

Length: 8’6”-9’6” | 2.6-2.9 m

Weight: 1750-2200 lb | 794-998 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m

Length: 6’9”-7’7” | 2.1-2.3 m

Weight: 650-900 lb | 295-408 kg

Scientific Name
Arctodus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Short-Faced Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

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California Newt (Taricha torosa)
Scale illustration of an average California Newt compared to other salamander species

The California newt, Taricha torosa, is a newt that is native to California in the United States. Physically, they have warty, slate-gray skin on their backs with bright orange-yellow skin underneath. They also have eyes that protrude beyond the edge of the jaw line, and they are often indistinguishable to the rough-skinned newt. The California newt eats mostly invertebrates like earthworms, snails, slugs, woodlice, bloodworms, mosquito larvae, and crickets. In the Sierra Nevada the newt will also eat trout eggs, and in an aquarium habitat, earthworms provide all the necessary nutrients.

The California Newt has an overall length between 4.72”-7.87” (12-20 cm), body width of .47”-.79” (1.2-2 cm), body height of .51”-.83” (1.3-2.1 cm), and weight between .21-.39 oz (6-11 g). The typical lifespan of the California Newt is between 15-30 years.

Series of top view illustrations of the California Newt
The California newt, Taricha torosa, is a newt that is native to California in the United States. Physically, they have warty, slate-gray skin on their backs with bright orange-yellow skin underneath. They also have eyes that protrude beyond the edge of the jaw line.

The California Newt has an overall length between 4.72”-7.87” (12-20 cm), body width of .47”-.79” (1.2-2 cm), body height of .51”-.83” (1.3-2.1 cm), and weight between .21-.39 oz (6-11 g). The typical lifespan of the California Newt is between 15-30 years.

Series of top view illustrations of the California Newt
California Newt (Taricha torosa)
Height:
.51”-.83” | 1.3-2.1 cm
Width:
.47”-.79” | 1.2-2 cm
Length:
4.72”-7.87” | 12-20 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.21-.39 oz | 6-11 g
Area:
Scientific Name
Taricha torosa
Lifespan
15-30 years

Drawings include:

California Newt top view, side

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Indian Cobra (Naja naja)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Indian Cobra to other snakes

Known to be highly venomous, the Indian Cobra (Naja naja) is also identified by its large impressive hood, which it raises super-fast when threatened. It belongs to the family Elapidae and is common in Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. It is also called Asian cobra, spectacled cobra or binucleate cobra because it shows two circular ocelli patterns (resembling worn spectacles) connected by a curved line. The snake is moderate but heavily bodied with large nostrils and short rounded snout and prefers wetlands, rocky terrain, forest, and agricultural land. The Indian cobra is oviparous, an heraldic animal, and has also featured in popular cultures such as snake charming, and Hindu mythology.

The Indian Cobra has an overall length between 3.5’-5’ (1.07-1.52 m), body width of roughly 1”-1.4” (2.5-3.5 cm), and weight from 4.4-6.6 lb (2-3 kg). The typical lifespan of the Indian Cobra is between 24-32 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Indian Cobra in various poses
Known to be highly venomous, the Indian Cobra (Naja naja) is also identified by its large impressive hood, which it raises super-fast when threatened. It belongs to the family Elapidae and is common in Bangladesh, Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan. It is also called the spectacled cobra.

The Indian Cobra has an overall length between 3.5’-5’ (1.07-1.52 m), body width of roughly 1”-1.4” (2.5-3.5 cm), and weight from 4.4-6.6 lb (2-3 kg). The typical lifespan of the Indian Cobra is between 24-32 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Indian Cobra in various poses
Indian Cobra (Naja naja)
Height:
Width:
1”-1.4” | 2.5-3.5 cm
Length:
3.5’-5’ | 1.07-1.52 m
Depth:
Weight:
4.4-6.6 lb | 2-3 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Naja naja
Lifespan
24-32 years

Drawings include:

Indian Cobra top view (assorted)

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Black Slug (Arion ater)
Scale illustration of an average Black Slug with compared to other gastropods

The Black Slug (Arion Ater) is a large terrestrial gastropod mollusk that is native to Europe. They are known to be deep black, and their pigmentation darkens with increasing latitude. Young Black Slugs are brown or ivory, and they turn gray before becoming black at maturity. Black Slugs are omnivores, and their diet includes fungi, carrion, earthworms, leaves, stems, and dead plant material. They produce three forms of mucus to prevent them from dying of dehydration. Thin mucus covers the slug laterally, and the thicker mucus is secreted along the length of the slug. The vile-tasting mucus scares of predators.

Black Slugs have a length between 3.15”-5.91” (8-15 cm), body width from .59”-1.18” (1.5-3 cm), and height of .55”-.98” (1.4-2.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Black Slug is 1-2 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Black Slug seen from the side, front, and top
The Black Slug (Arion Ater) is a large terrestrial gastropod mollusk that is native to Europe. They are known to be deep black, and their pigmentation darkens with increasing latitude. Young Black Slugs are brown or ivory, and they turn gray before becoming black at maturity.

Black Slugs have a length between 3.15”-5.91” (8-15 cm), body width from .59”-1.18” (1.5-3 cm), and height of .55”-.98” (1.4-2.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Black Slug is 1-2 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Black Slug seen from the side, front, and top
Black Slug (Arion ater)
Height:
.55”-.98” | 1.4-2.5 cm
Width:
.59”-1.18” | 1.5-3 cm
Length:
3.15”-5.91” | 8-15 cm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Arion ater
Lifespan
1-2 years

Drawings include:

Black Slug side elevation, front, top

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