Grassland | Plains Animals

Plains animals refer to the small but unique set of animals that inhabit the Great Plains regions of North America. Living within this diverse ecosystem that faces difficult natural conditions including limited rainfall and harsh winters and summers, plains animals have uniquely adapted to survive by roaming the prairie grasslands and hillsides. Today, plains animals are increasingly threatened by resource extraction and fragmentation which has led to calls for preservation and restoration of the region. Plains animals include a broad variety of species from the iconic bison to ferrets, wolves, coyotes, foxes, and grazing animals.

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Grassland Animals Guides
Browse through our curated Grassland Animals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Grassland Animals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
2.75”-3.9” | 7-10 cm
.6-1.2 oz | 18-34 g
4 years (wild); 5-6 years (captivity)
African Dormouse
5.000
10.000
0.034
6.00
70
3D
African Dormouse
8’3”-13’ | 2.5-4 m
10’-16’6” | 3-5 m
5,500-15,400 lb | 2,500-7,000 kg
70 years
African Elephant
400.000
500.000
7000.000
70.00
293000
3D
African Elephant
44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)
African Lion
130.000
200.000
190.000
15.00
449000
3D
African Lion
34”-40” | 86-102 cm
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
20-60 lb | 9-27 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 15-17 years (captivity)
Agile Wallaby
102.000
84.000
27.000
17.00
67000
3D
Agile Wallaby
60"-78" (5’-6’6”) | 1.52-1.98 m
79.0"-138.0" (6’7”-11’6”) | 2-3.5 m
660-2,200 lb | 300-1000 kg
15 years (wild), 25 years (captivity)
American Bison
198.000
350.000
1000.000
15.00
100000
3D
American Bison
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
3D
Asiatic Lion
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
18”-26” | 46-66 cm
7-12 lb | 3-5 kg
5-7 years (wild); up to 12-16 years (captivity)
Bat-Eared Fox
38.000
66.000
5.000
16.00
12300
3D
Bat-Eared Fox
34”-45” | 86-114 cm
5’3”-6’5” | 160-196 cm
220-650 lb | 100-295 kg
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Bengal Tiger
114.000
196.000
295.000
25.00
45000
3D
Bengal Tiger
5.9”-7.3” | 15-18.5 cm
12”-16” | 31-41 cm
2-4 lb | .9-1.8 kg
3-5 years (wild); 8-10 years (captivity)
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog
18.500
41.000
1.800
10.00
800
3D
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog
7”-8.7” | 18-22 cm
15.7”-20” | 40-51 cm
.6-1.6 lb | 280-740 g
3-6 years (wild); up to 10 years (captivity)
California Ground Squirrel
22.000
51.000
0.740
10.00
4000
3D
California Ground Squirrel
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
3D
Caracal
Cheetah
185000
28”-35” | 70–90 cm
44”-59” | 112-150 cm
77-143 lb | 35-65 kg
10-12 years
Cheetah
90.000
150.000
65.000
10.00
185000
3D
Cheetah
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
2.4”-3.5” | 6-9 cm
6”-10” | 15-25 cm
.6-1.5 lb | 250-700 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-3 years (captivity)
Common Rat
9.000
25.000
0.700
3.00
120000
3D
Common Rat
1”-1.5” | 2.5-3.8 cm
2”-3.1” | 5-8 cm
.18-.5 oz | 5-14 g
1-2 years
Common Shrew
3.800
8.000
0.014
2.00
1300
3D
Common Shrew
1.4”-2.2” | 3.5-5.5 cm
3.1”-5.1” | 8-13 cm
.7-1.4 oz | 20-40 g
.5-1 year (wild); 1-3 years (captivity)
Common Vole
5.500
13.000
0.040
3.00
73000
3D
Common Vole
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
Dingo
105000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
28”-43” | 71-109 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Dingo
61.000
109.000
20.000
16.00
105000
3D
Dingo
7”-9” | 17.8-22.9 cm
15”-18” | 38-45.7 cm
2-4.5 lb | .9-2 kg
2-3 years (wild); up to 7-9 years (captivity)
Eastern Cottontail
22.900
45.700
2.000
9.00
7600
3D
Eastern Cottontail
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
3D
Eastern Coyote
1.5”-2” | 3.8-5.1 cm
4.3”-6.3” | 11-16 cm
.17-.3 lb | 75-130 g
3-6 years
Eastern Mole
5.100
16.000
0.130
6.00
2100
3D
Eastern Mole
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
3D
Elk | Wapiti
2.6”-4” | 6.6-10.2 cm
6”-9” | 15.2-22.9 cm
.9-1.3 lb | 400-600 g
2-4 years (wild), up to 6-10 years (captivity)
Four-Toed Hedgehog
10.200
22.900
0.600
10.00
3750
3D
Four-Toed Hedgehog
Gazelle
237000
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
90-180 lb | 41-82 kg
10-12 years
Gazelle
125.000
125.000
82.000
10.00
237000
3D
Gazelle
Giraffe
302000
18’-20’ | 5.5-6.0 m
7.5’-8.5' | 2.2-2.6 m
1,750-2,800 lb | 795-1,270 kg
25 years
Giraffe
600.000
260.000
1270.000
25.00
302000
3D
Giraffe
18”-20” | 46-51 cm
27”-33” | 69-84 cm
18-24 lb | 8-11 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Golden Jackal
51.000
84.000
11.000
16.00
5000
3D
Golden Jackal
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
50-150 lb | 23-68 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
Gray Wolf
84.000
183.000
68.000
17.00
35000
3D
Gray Wolf
3’-4’6” | .91-1.37 m
5’6”-8’ | 1.68-2.44 m
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Grizzly Bear
137.000
244.000
363.000
45.00
102000
3D
Grizzly Bear
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm
1.5-2.6 lb | .7-1.2 kg
2-4 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Guinea Pig | Cavy
10.500
25.000
1.200
7.00
7300
3D
Guinea Pig | Cavy
54.0"-78.0" (4’6"-6'6") | 1.4-2 m
114.0"-168.0" (9’6"-14’) | 2.9-4.3 m
3,100-8,800 lb | 1,500-4,000 kg
40-50 years
Hippopotamus
200.000
430.000
4000.000
50.00
84000
3D
Hippopotamus
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
2.5”-4” | 6.3-10.2 cm
1.4-1.6 oz | 40-45 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-5 years (captivity)
House Mouse
5.000
10.200
0.045
5.00
17000
3D
House Mouse
Hyena
139000
38.0” | 97 cm
47.0”-59.0” | 120-150 cm
110-190 lb | 50-86 kg
25 years
Hyena
97.000
150.000
86.000
25.00
139000
3D
Hyena
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
10-15 years
Irish Elk
213.000
320.000
700.000
15.00
19000
3D
Irish Elk
Jaguar
407000
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
4’10”-6’ | 147-183 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Jaguar
79.000
183.000
113.000
25.00
407000
3D
Jaguar
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
22”-30” | 56-76 cm
6-20 lb | 3-9 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Jaguarundi
36.000
76.000
9.000
20.00
26000
3D
Jaguarundi
Kit Fox
13000
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
17”-21” | 43-53 cm
4-6 lb | 2-2.7 kg
4-7 years (wild); up to 12-14 years (captivity)
Kit Fox
30.000
53.000
2.700
14.00
13000
3D
Kit Fox
6”-8.5” | 15-22 cm
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
1.6-3.3 lb | .7-1.5 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 5-6 years (captivity)
Long-Nosed Bandicoot
22.000
43.000
1.500
6.00
44000
3D
Long-Nosed Bandicoot
2.2”-2.7” | 5.6-6.8 cm
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
2-4.6 oz | 60-130 g
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)
Mongolian Gerbil
6.800
14.500
0.130
5.00
2700
3D
Mongolian Gerbil
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
15-22 years
Mule Deer
107.000
168.000
150.000
22.00
38000
3D
Mule Deer
12.6”-16.5” | 32-42 cm
23.6”-35.4” | 60-90 cm
20-40 lb | 9-18 kg
10-15 years (wild); 15-30 years (captivity)
North American Porcupine
42.000
90.000
18.000
30.00
200
3D
North American Porcupine
Ocelot
137000
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Ocelot
51.000
102.000
18.000
20.00
137000
3D
Ocelot
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
3.5”-5.5” | 8-14 cm
2.1-3.4 oz | 60-95 g
2-5 years (wild); 5-10 years (captivity)
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
6.000
14.000
0.095
10.00
26000
3D
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
3.5”-5.1” | 9-13 cm
8.2”-13.8” | 21-35 cm
.26-.44 lb | 120-200 g
1-3 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Plains Pocket Gopher
13.000
35.000
0.200
7.00
450
3D
Plains Pocket Gopher
8”-12” | 20-31 cm
22”-28” | 55-71 cm
14-22 lb | 6.5-10 kg
Up to 14 years (captivity)
Pygmy Hog
31.000
71.000
10.000
14.00
1500
3D
Pygmy Hog
Quokka
190000
9.5”-13” | 24-33 cm
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
5-11 lb | 2.3-5 kg
8-12 years (wild); up to 13-15 years (captivity)
Quokka
33.000
53.000
5.000
15.00
190000
3D
Quokka
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
3D
Red Fox
4’10”-6’10” | 147-208 cm
39”-63” | 99-160 cm
50-200 lb | 23-91 kg
8-16 years (wild); up to 25-27 years (captivity)
Red Kangaroo
208.000
160.000
91.000
27.00
132000
3D
Red Kangaroo
24”-26” | 61-66 cm
38”-60” | 97-152 cm
45-85 lb | 20-39 kg
5-6 years (wild); up to 14 years (captivity)
Red Wolf
66.000
152.000
39.000
14.00
42000
3D
Red Wolf
66.0"-81.0" (5’6"-6’9") | 1.7-2.1 m
11’-13’9" | 3.4-4.2 m
3,500-8,800 lb | 1,600-4,000 kg
35-40 years
Rhinoceros
210.000
420.000
4000.000
40.00
106000
3D
Rhinoceros
Serval
78000
21”-26” | 53-66 cm
23”-36” | 58-91 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Serval
66.000
91.000
18.000
20.00
78000
3D
Serval
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Short-Faced Bear
183.000
290.000
998.000
16700
3D
Short-Faced Bear
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
120-320 lb | 54-145 kg
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)
Sloth Bear
91.000
185.000
145.000
40.00
37000
3D
Sloth Bear
11”-12” | 28-30 cm
15”-21” | 38-53 cm
4-7 lb | 2-3 kg
3-6 years (wild); up to 10-14 years (captivity)
Swift Fox
30.000
53.000
3.000
14.00
7600
3D
Swift Fox
13.5”-17” | 34-43 cm
22”-28” | 56-71 cm
13-18 lb | 6-8 kg
4-6 years (wild); up to 8 years (captivity)
Tasmanian Devil
43.000
71.000
8.000
8.00
127000
3D
Tasmanian Devil
20”-27” | 51-69 cm
39”-51” | 99-130 cm
35-65 lb | 16-29 kg
5-7 years (wild); up to 8-11 years (captivity)
Thylacine
69.000
130.000
29.000
11.00
44000
3D
Thylacine
Turkey
18000
48.0" (4’) | 122 cm
46.0" (3’10”) | 117 cm
17-30 lb | 7.7-13.6 kg
1.5-1.75 years (farm); 10 (wild)
Turkey
122.000
117.000
13.600
1.75
18000
3D
Turkey
32”-58” | 81-147 cm
30”-55” | 75-140 cm
40-120 lb | 18-54 kg
12-18 years (wild); up to 20-22 years (captivity)
Wallaroo
147.000
140.000
54.000
22.00
7000
3D
Wallaroo
Warthog
41000
25”-33” | 64-84 cm
36”-60” | 91-152 cm
120-250 lb | 55-110 kg
15-18 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Warthog
84.000
152.000
110.000
20.00
41000
3D
Warthog
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Wild Boar
91.000
183.000
100.000
20.00
39000
3D
Wild Boar
9.4”-13.4” | 24-34 cm
18.5”-27.5” | 47-70 cm
3.5-11 lb | 1.6-5 kg
12-15 years (wild); up to 21 years (captivity)
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
34.000
70.000
5.000
21.00
4200
3D
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Zebra
128000
51.0"-75.0" (4’3”-6’3”) | 1.3-1.9 m
64.0"-96.0" (5’4”-8’) | 1.6-2.4 m
440-990 lb | 200-450 kg
25 years
Zebra
190.000
240.000
450.000
25.00
128000
3D
Zebra
Pythons
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Lifespan
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Pygmy Hog
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Pygmy Hog compared to an average person

The Pygmy Hog (Porcula salvania) is a species of pig native to the alluvial grasslands of the Himalayan foothills. The only documented Pygmy Hogs today reside in Southern Bhutan and Assam, India. The Pygmy Hog is one of the smallest hogs.

Pygmy hogs have a roughly 1" (2.5 cm) long tail and dark brownish-black skin and dark hair. Pigmy Hog piglets are born grayish-pink and become white throughout the length of the body with yellow markings.

Pygmy Hogs have a height between 8”-12” (20-31 cm), body length of 22”-28” (55-71 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 14-22 lb (6.5-10 kg). The lifespan of a Pygmy Hog is typically up to 14 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Pygmy Hog
The Pygmy Hog (Porcula salvania) is a species of pig native to the alluvial grasslands of the Himalayan foothills. The only documented Pygmy Hogs today reside in Southern Bhutan and Assam, India. The Pygmy Hog is one of the smallest hogs.

Pygmy Hogs have a height between 8”-12” (20-31 cm), body length of 22”-28” (55-71 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 14-22 lb (6.5-10 kg). The lifespan of a Pygmy Hog is typically up to 14 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Pygmy Hog
Pygmy Hog
Height:
8”-12” | 20-31 cm
Width:
Length:
22”-28” | 55-71 cm
Depth:
Weight:
14-22 lb | 6.5-10 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Porcula salvania
Lifespan
Up to 14 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Pygmy Hog side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Bat-Eared Fox

The Bat-Eared Fox (Otocyon megalotis) is a species that was named for its large ears that are used for hearing and regulating its temperature. They have sand-gray fur, lighter fur on their underside, and darker fur along their eyes and muzzle. They typically live in the African Savana. Bat-Eared Foxes are mostly insectivores and eat ants, beetles, crickets, grasshoppers, millipedes, moths, scorpions, and spiders. The Bat-Eared fox is nocturnal 85% of the time even though they are highly social animals and easily gets along with others.

Bat-Eared Foxs have a shoulder height of 12”-15” (30-38 cm), body length between 18”-26” (46-66 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 7-12 lb (3-5 kg). The typical lifespan of a Bat-Eared Fox is 5-7 years in the wild) and up to 12-16 years when raised in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Bat-Eared Fox
The Bat-Eared Fox (Otocyon megalotis) is a species that was named for its large ears that are used for hearing and regulating its temperature. They have sand-gray fur, lighter fur on their underside, and darker fur along their eyes and muzzle. They typically live in the African Savana.

Bat-Eared Foxs have a shoulder height of 12”-15” (30-38 cm), body length between 18”-26” (46-66 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 7-12 lb (3-5 kg). The typical lifespan of a Bat-Eared Fox is 5-7 years in the wild) and up to 12-16 years when raised in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Bat-Eared Fox
Bat-Eared Fox
Height:
12”-15” | 30-38 cm
Width:
Length:
18”-26” | 46-66 cm
Depth:
Weight:
7-12 lb | 3-5 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Otocyon megalotis
Lifespan
5-7 years (wild); up to 12-16 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Bat-Eared Fox side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (walking), side (lying down)

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White-Tailed Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a White-Tailed Deer to an average human

White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear while the rest of their coat is reddish in the summer and a dull gray in the winter.

The hair of the White-Tailed Deer is flared during flight, and their tail resembles a signaling flag. While White-Tailed Deer from North and South America are generally accepted as one group, genetically these deer are farther apart than White-Tailed and Black-Tailed Deer in North America.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer
Height:
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
Width:
Length:
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
Depth:
Weight:
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Odocoileus virginianus
Lifespan
6-15 years

Drawings include:

White-Tailed Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Gazelle
Comparison with measurements illustrating the size of a Gazelle to a human woman

Gazelles are medium-sized antelopes known for their ringed horns and swift running speeds that can reach up to 40 mph (64 km/h). Living in large herds of several hundred, gazelles graze in wide-open plains in search of grasses, shoots, and leaves.

The average Gazelle has an overall height of 42.0”-49.0” (107-125 cm), withers height of 30.0”-37.0” (76-94 cm), and body length of 42.0”-49.0” (107-125 cm). A typical Gazelle weighs between 90-180 lb (41-82 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.

Drawings of Gazelles from the side, front, back and laying down
Gazelles are medium-sized antelopes known for their ringed horns and swift speeds up to 40 mph (64 km/h). Living in large herds, gazelles graze in open plains in search of grasses, shoots, and leaves.

The average Gazelle has an overall height of 42.0”-49.0” (107-125 cm), withers height of 30.0”-37.0” (76-94 cm), and body length of 42.0”-49.0” (107-125 cm). A typical Gazelle weighs between 90-180 lb (41-82 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.

Drawings of Gazelles from the side, front, back and laying down
Gazelle
Height:
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
Width:
Length:
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
Depth:
30.0”-37.0” | 76-94 cm
Weight:
90-180 lb | 41-82 kg
Area:
Gazella
10-12 years

Drawings include:
Gazelle side profile (standing), front, back, side (laying down)

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