Rodents are classified by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in both their upper and lower jaws; the length of their incisors are maintained by gnawing, which is how they eat. The diet of Rodents usually consists of seeds and plants, but some species do have more varied diets. Historically, Rodents have been keep as pets, used as laboratory animals, and treated as pests. Rodents accidentally introduced as invasive species to new ecosystems, most notably islands, have been seen to wreak havoc and cause extinction of naturally-occurring species. Rodents are found on all continents, except Antarctica, and are the only species, besides Bats and Sea Lions, to reach Australia without human introduction.

What do rodents eat?

A rodent’s diet depends on the species as well as habitat. For example, mice and rats are able to carry a flexible diet, and quickly adapt to the food available in their surroundings. Squirrels and beavers have more specific food requirements. Beavers exclusively eat plants such as grass and twigs. Rodents generally eat nuts, meat, fish, fruits, berries, and food scraps.

How do you keep rodents out of a garden?

In order to keep rodents out of a garden remove any shelters they have such as brush piles and tall grass, remove food sources, control lawn grubs, and maintain the garden clean by keeping garbage and recycling bins clean. Also seal any holes, place fences, and place mesh tubes around any plants to prevent rodents from eating them.

Where do rodents live?

There are about 2,050 species of rodents and these make up most the most diversified mammalian order. Rodents live all over the world except Antarctica. They can be found in almost every single country, as well as every type of habitat, including man-made environments. Rodents can be arboreal, semi-aquatic, or fossorial.

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1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
2.75”-3.9” | 7-10 cm
.6-1.2 oz | 18-34 g
4 years (wild); 5-6 years (captivity)
African Dormouse
5.000
10.000
0.034
6.00
70
3D
African Dormouse
5.9”-7.3” | 15-18.5 cm
12”-16” | 31-41 cm
2-4 lb | .9-1.8 kg
3-5 years (wild); 8-10 years (captivity)
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog
18.500
41.000
1.800
10.00
800
3D
Black-Tailed Prairie Dog
7”-8.7” | 18-22 cm
15.7”-20” | 40-51 cm
.6-1.6 lb | 280-740 g
3-6 years (wild); up to 10 years (captivity)
California Ground Squirrel
22.000
51.000
0.740
10.00
4000
3D
California Ground Squirrel
Capybara
157000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
42”-53” | 107-135 cm
77-146 lb | 35-66 kg
7-10 years (wild); 10-15 years (captivity)
Capybara
61.000
135.000
66.000
15.00
157000
3D
Capybara
5.1”-5.9” | 13-15 cm
9.8”-12.2” | 25-31 cm
6-10.6 lb | 170-300 g
1-4 years (wild); 5-9 years (captivity)
Common Degu
15.000
31.000
0.300
9.00
19200
3D
Common Degu
2.4”-3.5” | 6-9 cm
6”-10” | 15-25 cm
.6-1.5 lb | 250-700 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-3 years (captivity)
Common Rat
9.000
25.000
0.700
3.00
120000
3D
Common Rat
1.4”-2.2” | 3.5-5.5 cm
3.1”-5.1” | 8-13 cm
.7-1.4 oz | 20-40 g
.5-1 year (wild); 1-3 years (captivity)
Common Vole
5.500
13.000
0.040
3.00
73000
3D
Common Vole
1.8”-2” | 4.5-5 cm
2.75”-3.1” | 7-8 cm
.35-.6 oz | 10-17 g
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)
Dark Kangaroo Mouse
5.000
8.000
0.017
5.00
8000
3D
Dark Kangaroo Mouse
1.6”-2.4” | 4-6 cm
3”-4.5” | 7.6-11.4 cm
.14-.33 lb | 65-150 g
2-4 years (wild); 6-8 years (captivity)
Eastern Chipmunk
6.000
11.400
0.150
8.00
4100
3D
Eastern Chipmunk
4.3”-5.5” | 11-14 cm
8”-11” | 20-28 cm
.9-1.3 lb | 400-600 g
6-12 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Gray Squirrel
14.000
28.000
0.600
20.00
1900
3D
Eastern Gray Squirrel
Groundhog
172000
8.7”-11” | 22-28 cm
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
5-13 lb | 2.3-5.9 kg
3-6 years (wild); 10-14 years (captivity)
Groundhog
28.000
51.000
5.900
14.00
172000
3D
Groundhog
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm
1.5-2.6 lb | .7-1.2 kg
2-4 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Guinea Pig | Cavy
10.500
25.000
1.200
7.00
7300
3D
Guinea Pig | Cavy
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
2.5”-4” | 6.3-10.2 cm
1.4-1.6 oz | 40-45 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-5 years (captivity)
House Mouse
5.000
10.200
0.045
5.00
17000
3D
House Mouse
2.6”-4.3” | 6.5-11 cm
5.5”-9” | 14-23 cm
.3-.5 lb | 150-220 g
5-7 years (wild); 10-19 years (captivity)
Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
11.000
23.000
0.220
19.00
5900
3D
Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
4.1”-6.9” | 10.5-17.5 cm
8.5”-14” | 22-36 cm
1.8-2.4 lb | 800-1100 g
8-10 years (wild); 10-20 years (captivity)
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
17.500
36.000
1.100
20.00
1200
3D
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
11”-14.6” | 28-37 cm
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm
13-31 lb | 6-14 kg
Up to 12 years (wild); 12-16 years (captivity)
Lowland Paca
37.000
80.000
14.000
16.00
700
3D
Lowland Paca
2.2”-2.7” | 5.6-6.8 cm
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
2-4.6 oz | 60-130 g
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)
Mongolian Gerbil
6.800
14.500
0.130
5.00
2700
3D
Mongolian Gerbil
Muskrat
106000
4.5”-6.7” | 11.5-17 cm
10”-15” | 25-38 cm
1.5-4.5 lb | .7-2 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10 years (captivity)
Muskrat
17.000
38.000
2.000
10.00
106000
3D
Muskrat
14.2”-16.9” | 36-43 cm
29”-35” | 74-89 cm
25-75 lb | 11.3-34 kg
10-15 years (wild); 15-25 years (captivity)
North American Beaver
43.000
89.000
34.000
25.00
3500
3D
North American Beaver
12.6”-16.5” | 32-42 cm
23.6”-35.4” | 60-90 cm
20-40 lb | 9-18 kg
10-15 years (wild); 15-30 years (captivity)
North American Porcupine
42.000
90.000
18.000
30.00
200
3D
North American Porcupine
2.2”-2.6” | 5.5-6.5 cm
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
2.5-4.6 oz | 70-130 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-3 years (captivity)
Norway Lemming
6.500
16.000
0.130
3.00
30000
3D
Norway Lemming
8.3”-11.8” | 21-30 cm
16”-25” | 41-64 cm
10-35 lb | 4.5-16 kg
4-7 years (wild); up to 12 years (captivity)
Nutria | Coypu
30.000
64.000
16.000
12.00
11000
3D
Nutria | Coypu
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
3.5”-5.5” | 8-14 cm
2.1-3.4 oz | 60-95 g
2-5 years (wild); 5-10 years (captivity)
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
6.000
14.000
0.095
10.00
26000
3D
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
3.5”-5.1” | 9-13 cm
8.2”-13.8” | 21-35 cm
.26-.44 lb | 120-200 g
1-3 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Plains Pocket Gopher
13.000
35.000
0.200
7.00
450
3D
Plains Pocket Gopher
1.1”-1.9” | 2.7-4.7 cm
2”-3” | 4.5-7.6 cm
.7-1 oz | 20-30 g
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)
Roborovski Dwarf Hamster
4.700
7.600
0.030
5.00
17000
3D
Roborovski Dwarf Hamster
9.4”-13.4” | 24-34 cm
18.5”-27.5” | 47-70 cm
3.5-11 lb | 1.6-5 kg
12-15 years (wild); up to 21 years (captivity)
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
34.000
70.000
5.000
21.00
4200
3D
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
African Dormouse

The African Dormouse, also known as the woodland dormouse, is a kind of tiny rodent showing similarities in appearance to that of a squirrel in combination with features of a mouse. Scientifically identified as Graphiurus murinus, the wild African Dormouse lives in subtropical or tropical climates (native to Africa as its name suggests).

Physically, the African Dormouse is distinguished by large eyes, a long bushy tail, and silky coat. Its coloration includes gray/brown streaks along its body and white found on its cheeks and underbelly. The African Dormouse is a social animal, but quiet in vocalization and shy around people as pets.

African Dormice have a height of 1.4”-2” (3.5-5 cm), body length between 2.75”-3.9” (7-10 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .6-1.2 oz (18-34 g). The tail length of an African Dormouse is 2.4”-4.3” (6-11 cm). African Dormice have a typical lifespan of 4 years in the wild and up to 5-6 years in captivity.

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the African Dormouse
The African Dormouse, also known as the woodland dormouse, is a kind of tiny rodent showing similarities in appearance to that of a squirrel in combination with features of a mouse. Scientifically identified as Graphiurus murinus, the wild African Dormouse lives in subtropical or tropical climates.

African Dormice have a height of 1.4”-2” (3.5-5 cm), body length between 2.75”-3.9” (7-10 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .6-1.2 oz (18-34 g). The tail length of an African Dormouse is 2.4”-4.3” (6-11 cm). African Dormice have a typical lifespan of 4 years in the wild and up to 5-6 years in captivity.

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the African Dormouse
African Dormouse
Height:
1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
Width:
Length:
2.75”-3.9” | 7-10 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.6-1.2 oz | 18-34 g
Area:
Tail Length
2.4”-4.3” | 6-11 cm
Scientific Name
Graphiurus murinus
Lifespan
4 years (wild); 5-6 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

African Dormouse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting)

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Roborovski Dwarf Hamster

The Roborovski Dwarf Hamster, whose scientific name is Phodopus roborovskii, is a small species of hamster measuring two to three inches long on average, with a portly body, short legs, and short tail. Dwarf Hamsters are omnivores with specific diets as a result of the region they inhabit and the season.

Due to its tiny size however, it will more often prey on insects rather than on smaller animals. The Roborovski Dwarf Hamster lives in burrows dug underground to protect itself, either occupying these shelters alone or in small groups depending on the species.

Roborovski Dwarf Hamsters have a height of 1.1”-1.9” (2.7-4.7 cm), body length between 2”-3” (4.5-7.6 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .7-1 oz (20-30 g). The tail length of a Roborovski Dwarf Hamster is .125” (3 mm). Roborovski Dwarf Hamsters have a typical lifespan of 2-3 years in the wild and 4-5 years in captivity.

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Roborovski Dwarf Hamster
The Roborovski Dwarf Hamster, whose scientific name is Phodopus roborovskii, is a small species of hamster measuring two to three inches long on average, with a portly body, short legs, and short tail. Dwarf Hamsters are omnivores with specific diets as a result of their habitats and seasons.

Roborovski Dwarf Hamsters have a height of 1.1”-1.9” (2.7-4.7 cm), body length between 2”-3” (4.5-7.6 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .7-1 oz (20-30 g). The tail length of a Roborovski Dwarf Hamster is .125” (3 mm). Roborovski Dwarf Hamsters have a typical lifespan of 2-3 years in the wild and 4-5 years in captivity.

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Roborovski Dwarf Hamster
Roborovski Dwarf Hamster
Height:
1.1”-1.9” | 2.7-4.7 cm
Width:
Length:
2”-3” | 4.5-7.6 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.7-1 oz | 20-30 g
Area:
Tail Length
.125” | 3 mm
Scientific Name
Phodopus roborovskii
Lifespan
2-3 years (wild); 4-5 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Roborovski Dwarf Hamster side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel

Scientifically known as Pteromys momonga, the Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel is a medium-sized rodent that is active at night unlike the common squirrel. In actuality, flying squirrels glide rather than flies (like bats or birds) through membranes of fur connected from its front to its back legs.

The apanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel can maintain stability and maneuver itself through the air with both its limbs and tail. When landing, the flying squirrel comes down on its padded hind feet. Its gliding abilities in combination with its sole activity at night allow the flying squirrel to evade potential predators, utilizing its large eyes to see in the dark.

Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrels have a height of 2.6”-4.3” (6.5-11 cm), body length between 5.5”-9” (14-23 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .3-.5 lb (150-220 g). The tail length of a Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel is 3.9”-5.5” (10-14 cm). Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrels have a typical lifespan of 5-7 years in the wild and up to 10-19 years in captivity.

Series of measured elevation illustrations of the Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
Scientifically known as Pteromys momonga, the Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel is a medium-sized rodent that is active at night unlike the common squirrel. In actuality, flying squirrels glide rather than flies (like bats or birds) through membranes of fur connected from its front to its back legs.

Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrels have a height of 2.6”-4.3” (6.5-11 cm), body length between 5.5”-9” (14-23 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .3-.5 lb (150-220 g). The tail length of a Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel is 3.9”-5.5” (10-14 cm). Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrels have a typical lifespan of 5-7 years in the wild and up to 10-19 years in captivity.

Series of measured elevation illustrations of the Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
Height:
2.6”-4.3” | 6.5-11 cm
Width:
Length:
5.5”-9” | 14-23 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.3-.5 lb | 150-220 g
Area:
Tail Length
3.9”-5.5” | 10-14 cm
Scientific Name
Pteromys momonga
Lifespan
5-7 years (wild); 10-19 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel side elevation (standing), front (standing), flying (front), flying (side)

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Norway Lemming

The Norway Lemming, scientifically known as Lemmus lemmus, is a rodent inhabiting the Arctic tundras. Its coat, unlike that of other rodents, can be quite noticeable in appearance: gray with reddish-brown stripes or tawny and black. Other physical characteristics include short legs and stump of a tail as well as a round body and nose.

The shape of a Norway Lemming’s claws help it burrow into the snow-- a necessary action in the winter for protection as it does not hibernate. In the spring however, the lemming moves from the tundra to higher areas. Lemmings are known to reproduce at rapid rates, leading to aggressive population fluctuations.

Norway Lemmings have a height of 2.2”-2.6” (5.5-6.5 cm), body length between 5.1”-6.3” (13-16 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 2.5-4.6 oz (70-130 g). The tail length of a Norway Lemming is .4”-.75” (10-19 mm). Norway Lemmings have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years in the wild and 2-3 years in captivity.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of the Norway Lemming in various poses
The Norway Lemming, scientifically known as Lemmus lemmus, is a rodent inhabiting the Arctic tundras. Its coat, unlike that of other rodents, can be quite noticeable in appearance: gray with reddish-brown stripes or tawny and black. Other characteristics include short legs and stump of a tail.

Norway Lemmings have a height of 2.2”-2.6” (5.5-6.5 cm), body length between 5.1”-6.3” (13-16 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 2.5-4.6 oz (70-130 g). The tail length of a Norway Lemming is .4”-.75” (10-19 mm). Norway Lemmings have a typical lifespan of 1-2 years in the wild and 2-3 years in captivity.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of the Norway Lemming in various poses
Norway Lemming
Height:
2.2”-2.6” | 5.5-6.5 cm
Width:
Length:
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
Depth:
Weight:
2.5-4.6 oz | 70-130 g
Area:
Tail Length
.4”-.75” | 10-19 mm
Scientific Name
Lemmus lemmus
Lifespan
1-2 years (wild); 2-3 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Norway Lemming side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Ord’s Kangaroo Rat

Scientifically known as Dipodomys ordii, Ord's Kangaroo Rat is a small, nocturnal rodent with large hind legs found in the deserts of North America. Kangaroo Rats are solitary and have several adaptations to survive in these remote areas. Its name derives from its bipedal movement, a form of locomotion also used by the kangaroo.

Like the kangaroo, but developed entirely separately, the kangaroo rat can hop around at great distances and with the ability to quickly change direction whilst jumping. Aside from its way of getting around, the kangaroo rat is distinguished by its tail being longer than that of both its body and head combined.

Ord’s Kangaroo Rats have a height of 1.8”-2.4” (4.5-6 cm), body length between 3.5”-5.5” (8-14 cm
), and an overall weight in the range of 2.1-3.4 oz (60-95 g). The tail length of a Ord’s Kangaroo Rat is 5.5”-6.5” (14-17 cm). Ord’s Kangaroo Rats have a typical lifespan of 2-5 years in the wild and up to 5-10 years in captivity.

Series of measured elevation illustrations of the Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Scientifically known as Dipodomys ordii, Ord's Kangaroo Rat is a small, nocturnal rodent with large hind legs found in the deserts of North America. Kangaroo Rats are solitary and have several adaptations to survive in these remote areas. Its name derives from its bipedal movement.

Ord’s Kangaroo Rats have a height of 1.8”-2.4” (4.5-6 cm), body length between 3.5”-5.5” (8-14 cm
), and an overall weight in the range of 2.1-3.4 oz (60-95 g). The tail length of a Ord’s Kangaroo Rat is 5.5”-6.5” (14-17 cm). Ord’s Kangaroo Rats have a typical lifespan of 2-5 years in the wild and up to 5-10 years in captivity.

Series of measured elevation illustrations of the Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Height:
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
Width:
Length:
3.5”-5.5” | 8-14 cm
Depth:
Weight:
2.1-3.4 oz | 60-95 g
Area:
Tail Length
5.5”-6.5” | 14-17 cm
Scientific Name
Dipodomys ordii
Lifespan
2-5 years (wild); 5-10 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Ord’s Kangaroo Rat side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (jumping), front (upright)

Details & Downloads

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