Mountain | Alpine Animals

The Alpine biome is a relatively inhospitable biome with its high altitude, low oxygen content, low precipitation levels, and low temperatures ranging from 40-60 degrees Fahrenheit (4.4-15.5 degrees Celsius) in the summer and below freezing in the winter. Therefore, alpine animals have adaptations that help them live in these conditions including layers of fat and fur, larger lungs, and shorter tails, legs, and ears. These adaptations help alpine animals, such as Elk, Sheep, and Alpacas, stay warm and thrive in this difficult climate. The fur, fat, and shorter appendages help the animals to stay insulated and lose less heat, while the larger lungs help them breathe with the thinner atmosphere at the high altitude. Some animals also migrate or hibernate during the winter months.

* Under Development *

Related Collections
Related Tags
Mountain | Alpine Animals Guides
Browse through our curated Mountain | Alpine Animals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Mountain | Alpine Animals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Mountain | Alpine Animals

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
Alpaca
137000
39.0"-46.0" | 99-117 cm
48.0"-84.0" | 122-213 cm
45-68 lb | 100-175 kg
15-25 years
Alpaca
117.000
213.000
175.000
15.00
137000
3D
Alpaca
2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
American Black Bear
105.000
210.000
272.000
45.00
10000
3D
American Black Bear
4.25”-4.75” | 10.8-12 cm
6”-9” | 15-23 cm
.25-.45 lb | 125-200 g
3-4 years (wild); up to 7 years (captivity)
American Pika
12.000
23.000
0.200
7.00
4900
3D
American Pika
1.4”-1.75” | 3.6-4.4 cm
3”-3.9” | 7.5-10 cm
.42-.63 oz | 12-18 g
1-3 years
American Water Shrew
4.400
10.000
0.018
3.00
100
3D
American Water Shrew
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Asiatic Black Bear
102.000
200.000
200.000
35.00
14000
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
3D
Caracal
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Cave Bear
170.000
350.000
590.000
13000
3D
Cave Bear
5.1”-5.9” | 13-15 cm
9.8”-12.2” | 25-31 cm
6-10.6 lb | 170-300 g
1-4 years (wild); 5-9 years (captivity)
Common Degu
15.000
31.000
0.300
9.00
19200
3D
Common Degu
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
3D
Cougar
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
3D
Eastern Coyote
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
33”-40” | 84-102 cm
25-45 lb | 11-20 kg
7-9 years (wild); up to 12 years (captivity)
Ethiopian Wolf
61.000
102.000
20.000
12.00
7800
3D
Ethiopian Wolf
1’6”-3" | .46-.91 m
4’6”-6’ | 1.37-1.83 m
150-250 lb | 68-114 kg
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Giant Panda Bear
91.000
183.000
114.000
30.00
307000
3D
Giant Panda Bear
Goat
432000
30.0" | 76 cm
39.0" | 99 cm
44-310 lbs | 19-140 kg
15-18 years
Goat
76.000
99.000
140.000
18.00
432000
3D
Goat
Guanaco
15000
57"-61" | 145-155 cm
82"-86" | 210-220 cm
200-310 lb | 90-140 kg
20-25 years
Guanaco
155.000
220.000
140.000
20.00
15000
3D
Guanaco
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm
1.5-2.6 lb | .7-1.2 kg
2-4 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Guinea Pig | Cavy
10.500
25.000
1.200
7.00
7300
3D
Guinea Pig | Cavy
4.5”-5” | 11.4-12.7 cm
7”-9” | 18-23 cm
.3-.6 lb | 150-250 g
3-4 years (wild); up to 7 years (captivity)
Ili Pika
12.700
23.000
0.250
7.00
3900
3D
Ili Pika
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Kodiak Bear
152.000
274.000
635.000
35.00
39000
3D
Kodiak Bear
Llama
154000
67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) | 1.7-1.8 m
72"-78" (6’-6’6”) | 1.8-2.0 m
290-440 lb | 130-200 kg
15-25 years
Llama
180.000
200.000
200.000
15.00
154000
3D
Llama
4.1”-6.9” | 10.5-17.5 cm
8.5”-14” | 22-36 cm
1.8-2.4 lb | 800-1100 g
8-10 years (wild); 10-20 years (captivity)
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
17.500
36.000
1.100
20.00
1200
3D
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
2.2”-2.7” | 5.6-6.8 cm
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
2-4.6 oz | 60-130 g
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)
Mongolian Gerbil
6.800
14.500
0.130
5.00
2700
3D
Mongolian Gerbil
3.5”-5.1” | 9-13 cm
8.2”-13.8” | 21-35 cm
.26-.44 lb | 120-200 g
1-3 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Plains Pocket Gopher
13.000
35.000
0.200
7.00
450
3D
Plains Pocket Gopher
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
3D
Red Fox
Sheep
142000
46.0" | 117 cm
50.0" | 127 cm
80-400 lbs | 35-180 kg
10-12 years
Sheep
117.000
127.000
180.000
12.00
142000
3D
Sheep
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
Snow Leopard
66.000
130.000
54.000
22.00
121000
3D
Snow Leopard
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
3D
Taruca
Vicuña
18000
49"-52" | 124-132 cm
60"-72" | 152-183 cm
77-144 lb | 35-65 kg
20-24 years
Vicuña
132.000
183.000
65.000
20.00
18000
3D
Vicuña
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
9.4”-13.4” | 24-34 cm
18.5”-27.5” | 47-70 cm
3.5-11 lb | 1.6-5 kg
12-15 years (wild); up to 21 years (captivity)
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
34.000
70.000
5.000
21.00
4200
3D
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Kodiak Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Kodiak Bear compared to an average person

The Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi), also known as the Alaskan Brown bear is one of the largest brown bears. The Kodiak bear looks similar to other brown bears except it is much larger. It is native to the southwestern Alaska region, but can be found in Europe, Asia, and other parts of North America.

Kodiak Bears are omnivores and eat grass, plants, and berries. They also eat fish such as salmon. They tend to eat the most nutritious parts of fish to gain weight.

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear
The Kodiak Bear (Ursus arctos middendorffi), also known as the Alaskan Brown bear is one of the largest brown bears. The Kodiak bear looks similar to other brown bears except it is much larger. It is native to the southwestern Alaska region, but can be found in Europe, Asia, and parts of N America.

Male Kodiak Bears have a shoulder height between 4’-5’ (1.22-1.52 m) and a weight in the range of 600-1400 lb (272-635 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 3’4”-4’ (1.02-1.22 m) with weights from 400-700 lb (181-318 kg). The Kodiak Bear has an overall body length of roughly 6’5”-9’ (1.96-2.74 m), standing height of 9’-10’ (2.75-3.05 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild and up to 35 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Kodiak Bear
Kodiak Bear
Height:
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
Width:
Length:
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
Depth:
Standing Height
9’-10’ | 2.75-3.05 m
Weight:
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 4’-5’ | 1.22-1.52 m

Length: 8’-9’ | 2.44-2.74 m

Weight: 600-1400 lb | 272-635 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 3’4”-4’ | 1.02-1.22 m

Length: 6’5”-7’4” | 1.96-2.23 m

Weight: 400-700 lb | 181-318 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus arctos middendorffi
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Kodiak Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

Water Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Water Deer to a typical person

The Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis), is a very small Asian deer in the Cervidae family, found in fertile Korean river bottoms, and near the Chang Jiang valley in China. They are the only species of deer in which males lack antlers, yet the Water Deer is armed with long, curved, sharp, canine teeth that poke out from the mouth.

The length of these canines can be over 2 inches (5 cm) long. The Water Deer is the only deer species that have inguinal glands. Water deer like to eat the dense vegetation that grows along the bottoms of the river—they consume a significant amount of coarse-fiber grass that serves both as food and as shelter.

Water Deer have standing shoulder heights between 1’6”-1’10” (46-56 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’6”-3’4” (76-102 cm), and overall weights of 20-30 lb (9-14 kg). The lifespan of a wild Water Deer is roughly 10-12 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Water Deer
The Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis), is a very small Asian deer in the Cervidae family, found in fertile Korean river bottoms, and near the Chang Jiang valley in China. They are the only species of deer in which males lack antlers, yet the mouth of the Water Deer has long curved canine teeth.

Water Deer have standing shoulder heights between 1’6”-1’10” (46-56 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’6”-3’4” (76-102 cm), and overall weights of 20-30 lb (9-14 kg). The lifespan of a wild Water Deer is roughly 10-12 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Water Deer
Water Deer
Height:
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
Width:
Length:
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
Depth:
Weight:
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hydropotes inermis
Lifespan
10-12 years

Drawings include:

Water Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

Red Fox

The Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest group of true foxes. They have a long body and short limbs typically with a rust-red fur coat. Red Foxes stand apart from other foxes due to their large size and ability to adapt to new environments.

They are native to the northern hemisphere including North America, Europe, Asia, and northern Africa with common habitats consisting of forests, grasslands, mountains, and deserts. Red foxes are typically found in pairs or small groups that consist of families. Their diet consists of small rodents, rabbits, game birds, reptiles, invertebrates, and young ungulates.

Red Foxs have a shoulder height of 14”-18” (35-46 cm), body length between 22”-34” (56-86 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 12-18 lb (5-8 kg). The typical lifespan of a Red Fox is 2-4 years in the wild and up to 10-12 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Red Fox
The Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest group of true foxes. They have a long body and short limbs typically with a rust-red fur coat. Red Foxes stand apart from other foxes due to their large size and ability to adapt to new environments.

Red Foxs have a shoulder height of 14”-18” (35-46 cm), body length between 22”-34” (56-86 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 12-18 lb (5-8 kg). The typical lifespan of a Red Fox is 2-4 years in the wild and up to 10-12 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Red Fox
Red Fox
Height:
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
Width:
Length:
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
Depth:
Weight:
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Vulpes vulpes
Lifespan
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Red Fox side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

Vicuña
Size comparison drawing of a Vicuña to the height of a woman with dimensions labeled for heights and body length

The Vicuña is one of the two wild South American camelids that live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, with the other species being the Guanaco. The Vicuña is highly prized for its fine coat, which can only be shone every three years. The fine fibers of their coat have been desired since Incan times, when garments made from Vicuña wool were reserved for royalty only. The Vicuña is the national animal of Peru and is protected by conservationists after a brief stint on the endangered animals list in 1974. Despite being previously considered distinct from the Alpaca and the Llama, recent DNA research has revealed potential wild Vicuña parentage in domesticated Alpaca.

The average Vicuña has an overall height of 49"-52" (124-132 cm), withers height of 34"-36" (86-90 cm), and body length of 60"-72" (152-183 cm). A typical Vicuña weighs between 77-144 lb (35-65 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-24 years.

Collection of front and side elevation illustrations of Vicuña in various postures from eating to standing upright
The Vicuña is one of the two wild South American camelids that live in the high alpine areas of the Andes. The Vicuña is highly prized for its fine coat, which can only be shone every three years and is the national animal of Peru.

The average Vicuña has an overall height of 49"-52" (124-132 cm), withers height of 34"-36" (86-90 cm), and body length of 60"-72" (152-183 cm). A typical Vicuña weighs between 77-144 lb (35-65 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-24 years.

Collection of front and side elevation illustrations of Vicuña in various postures from eating to standing upright
Vicuña
Height:
49"-52" | 124-132 cm
Width:
Length:
60"-72" | 152-183 cm
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
34"-36" | 86-90 cm
Weight:
77-144 lb | 35-65 kg
Area:

Uses: Wool

Scientific Name
Vicugna vicugna
Lifespan
20-24 years

Drawings include:
Vicuña side elevation (standing), side (person), front, eating, back

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

Guanaco
Size comparison illustration of a Guanaco compared to a typical woman with labeled standard measurements

The Guanaco, like the Vicuña, is a wild camelid that lives in the high elevations of the Andes. The Guanaco is the wild parent to the Llama, a the result of domesticating the Guanaco for use as pack animal, and the Alpaca, who is the result of domesticating the Guanaco for its coat. The Guanaco is an extremely speedy runner, capable of reaching speeds upwards of 40 miles per hour, and a talented swimmer. The Guanaco is a herd animal and has developed different ways of communicating which include, ear movements, vocalizations, spitting, and marking territory with dung.

The average Guanaco has an overall height of 57"-61" (145-155 cm), withers height of 39"-43" (100-110 cm), and body length of 82"-86" (210-220 cm). A typical Guanaco weighs between 200-310 lb (90-140 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-25 years.

Set of elevation drawings of Guanaco in multiple poses from waking to standing upright
The Guanaco, like the Vicuña, is a wild camelid that lives in the high elevations of the Andes. The Guanaco is the wild parent to the Llama, who is the result of domesticating the Guanaco for use as pack animal, and the Alpaca, who is the result of domesticating the Guanaco for its coat.

The average Guanaco has an overall height of 57"-61" (145-155 cm), withers height of 39"-43" (100-110 cm), and body length of 82"-86" (210-220 cm). A typical Guanaco weighs between 200-310 lb (90-140 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-25 years.

Set of elevation drawings of Guanaco in multiple poses from waking to standing upright
Guanaco
Height:
57"-61" | 145-155 cm
Width:
Length:
82"-86" | 210-220 cm
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
39"-43" | 100-110 cm
Weight:
200-310 lb | 90-140 kg
Area:

Uses: Wool

Scientific Name
Lama guanicoe
Lifespan
20-25 years

Drawings include:
Guanaco side elevation (standing), side (person), front, back, walking

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

Related Animals Collections
Animals