Mountain | Alpine Animals

The Alpine biome is a relatively inhospitable biome with its high altitude, low oxygen content, low precipitation levels, and low temperatures ranging from 40-60 degrees Fahrenheit (4.4-15.5 degrees Celsius) in the summer and below freezing in the winter. Therefore, alpine animals have adaptations that help them live in these conditions including layers of fat and fur, larger lungs, and shorter tails, legs, and ears. These adaptations help alpine animals, such as Elk, Sheep, and Alpacas, stay warm and thrive in this difficult climate. The fur, fat, and shorter appendages help the animals to stay insulated and lose less heat, while the larger lungs help them breathe with the thinner atmosphere at the high altitude. Some animals also migrate or hibernate during the winter months.

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Asiatic Black Bear | Asian Black Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear) compared to an average person

The Asiatic Bear (Ursus Thibetanus), Moon Bear, or Asian Black Bear, is a medium-sized bear species endemic to Asia. Most suited to the Arboreal lifestyle, the Asiatic Bear is a dark-colored bear with a light brown muzzle on the chest which is sometimes shaped like a V and has distinct white patches. Its ears take a bell shape which is considerably longer than those of other bears and hit the head sideways. It lives in the Himalayas of India, the Korean Peninsula, north-east China, East Russia, Japan's Shikoku islands and Taiwan.

Male Asiatic Black Bear have a shoulder height between 2’10”-3’4” (.86-1.02 m) and a weight in the range of 130-440 lb (60-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’5”-3’ (.74-.91 m) with weights from 90-275 lb (41-125 kg). Asiatic Black Bears have overall body lengths of roughly 3’10”-6’6” (1.2-2 m), upright standing heights of 5’-5’6” (1.5-1.7 m), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years in the wild and up to 35 years if protected in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear)
The Asiatic Bear (Ursus Thibetanus), Moon Bear, or Asian Black Bear, is a medium-sized bear species endemic to Asia. Most suited to the Arboreal lifestyle, the Asiatic Bear is a dark-colored bear with a light brown muzzle on the chest which is sometimes shaped like a V with distinct white patches.

Male Asiatic Black Bear have a shoulder height between 2’10”-3’4” (.86-1.02 m) and a weight in the range of 130-440 lb (60-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’5”-3’ (.74-.91 m) with weights from 90-275 lb (41-125 kg). Asiatic Black Bears have overall body lengths of roughly 3’10”-6’6” (1.2-2 m), upright standing heights of 5’-5’6” (1.5-1.7 m), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years in the wild and up to 35 years if protected in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear)
Asiatic Black Bear | Asian Black Bear
Height:
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
Width:
Length:
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’-5’6” | 1.5-1.7 m
Weight:
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’10”-3’4” | .86-1.02 m

Length: 4’11”-6’6” | 1.5-2 m

Weight: 130-440 lb | 60-200 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’5”-3’ | .74-.91 m

Length: 3’10”-5’3” | 1.2-1.6 m

Weight: 90-275 lb | 41-125 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus thibetanus
Lifespan
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Asiatic Black Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Guanaco
Size comparison illustration of a Guanaco compared to a typical woman with labeled standard measurements

The Guanaco, like the Vicuña, is a wild camelid that lives in the high elevations of the Andes. The Guanaco is the wild parent to the Llama, a the result of domesticating the Guanaco for use as pack animal, and the Alpaca, who is the result of domesticating the Guanaco for its coat. The Guanaco is an extremely speedy runner, capable of reaching speeds upwards of 40 miles per hour, and a talented swimmer. The Guanaco is a herd animal and has developed different ways of communicating which include, ear movements, vocalizations, spitting, and marking territory with dung.

The average Guanaco has an overall height of 57"-61" (145-155 cm), withers height of 39"-43" (100-110 cm), and body length of 82"-86" (210-220 cm). A typical Guanaco weighs between 200-310 lb (90-140 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-25 years.

Set of elevation drawings of Guanaco in multiple poses from waking to standing upright
The Guanaco, like the Vicuña, is a wild camelid that lives in the high elevations of the Andes. The Guanaco is the wild parent to the Llama, who is the result of domesticating the Guanaco for use as pack animal, and the Alpaca, who is the result of domesticating the Guanaco for its coat.

The average Guanaco has an overall height of 57"-61" (145-155 cm), withers height of 39"-43" (100-110 cm), and body length of 82"-86" (210-220 cm). A typical Guanaco weighs between 200-310 lb (90-140 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-25 years.

Set of elevation drawings of Guanaco in multiple poses from waking to standing upright
Guanaco
Height:
57"-61" | 145-155 cm
Width:
Length:
82"-86" | 210-220 cm
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
39"-43" | 100-110 cm
Weight:
200-310 lb | 90-140 kg
Area:

Uses: Wool

Lama guanicoe
Lifespan
20-25 years

Drawings include:
Guanaco side elevation (standing), side (person), front, back, walking

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Giant Panda Bear
Illustration comparing the size of an average Giant Panda Bear to a human person

The Giant Panda, also known simply as panda or panda bear, is a peaceful creature with a distinctive black and white coat which resides primarily in the mountains of Western China. Due to deforestation and habitat loss, the Giant Panda is a conservation reliant species, although as of 2016 the Giant Panda moved from the endangered list to the vulnerable list. Even though the Giant Panda belongs to the Carnivora order, its diet (26 to 84 pounds of food daily) is 99% comprised of bamboo shoots. Despite its large size, the Giant Panda is only about the size of a stick of butter, 1/900th of its full size, when it is first born.

Male Giant Panda Bears have a shoulder height between 2’-3’ (.61-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 185-250 lb (84-114 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 1’6”-2’6” (46-76 cm) with weights from 150-225 lb (68-102 kg). The Giant Panda Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’6”-6’ (1.37-1.83 m), standing height of 4’8”-6’ (1.42-1.83 m), and a typical lifespan of 15-25 years in the wild, or 20-30 years in captivity.

Collection of drawings of a Giant Panda Bear in various resting positions of sitting or laying down
The Giant Panda, also known simply as panda or panda bear, is a peaceful creature with a distinctive black and white coat which resides primarily in the mountains of Western China. Even though the Giant Panda belongs to the Carnivora order, its diet is 99% comprised of bamboo shoots.

Male Giant Panda Bears have a shoulder height between 2’-3’ (.61-.91 m) and a weight in the range of 185-250 lb (84-114 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 1’6”-2’6” (46-76 cm) with weights from 150-225 lb (68-102 kg). The Giant Panda Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’6”-6’ (1.37-1.83 m), standing height of 4’8”-6’ (1.42-1.83 m), and a typical lifespan of 15-25 years in the wild, or 20-30 years in captivity.

Collection of drawings of a Giant Panda Bear in various resting positions of sitting or laying down
Giant Panda Bear
Height:
1’6”-3" | .46-.91 m
Width:
Length:
4’6”-6’ | 1.37-1.83 m
Depth:
Standing Height
Weight:
150-250 lb | 68-114 kg
Area:

Male:
Height (Shoulder): 2’-3’ | 61-91 cm
Length: 5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
Weight: 175-250 lb | 79-114 kg

Female:
Height (Shoulder):
1’6”-2’6” | 46-76 cm
Length: 4’6”-5’6” | 137-168 cm
Weight (Female):
150-225 lb | 68-102 kg

Scientific Name
Ailuropoda melanoleuca
Lifespan
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)

Drawings include:
Giant Panda Bear side elevation (standing), side (woman peace sign), front (standing), front (sitting), back (sitting), side (laying down), side (standing upright)

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Water Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Water Deer to a typical person

The Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis), is a very small Asian deer in the Cervidae family, found in fertile Korean river bottoms, and near the Chang Jiang valley in China. They are the only species of deer in which males lack antlers, yet the Water Deer is armed with long, curved, sharp, canine teeth that poke out from the mouth.

The length of these canines can be over 2 inches (5 cm) long. The Water Deer is the only deer species that have inguinal glands. Water deer like to eat the dense vegetation that grows along the bottoms of the river—they consume a significant amount of coarse-fiber grass that serves both as food and as shelter.

Water Deer have standing shoulder heights between 1’6”-1’10” (46-56 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’6”-3’4” (76-102 cm), and overall weights of 20-30 lb (9-14 kg). The lifespan of a wild Water Deer is roughly 10-12 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Water Deer
The Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis), is a very small Asian deer in the Cervidae family, found in fertile Korean river bottoms, and near the Chang Jiang valley in China. They are the only species of deer in which males lack antlers, yet the mouth of the Water Deer has long curved canine teeth.

Water Deer have standing shoulder heights between 1’6”-1’10” (46-56 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’6”-3’4” (76-102 cm), and overall weights of 20-30 lb (9-14 kg). The lifespan of a wild Water Deer is roughly 10-12 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Water Deer
Water Deer
Height:
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
Width:
Length:
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
Depth:
Weight:
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hydropotes inermis
Lifespan
10-12 years

Drawings include:

Water Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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American Black Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a American Black Bear to an average human

The American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America. It is the smallest and most distributed species of bear on the continent. American Black Bears are omnivores, and their diets vary greatly from time to time. They usually live in forested areas but leave forests for food because of the immediate availability of food brought to them by humans. The US Black Bear is the most common species of the world's bears. They seem to be moving awkwardly, but they are very fast. Once recorded, some of these bears reach a speed of more than 30 mph (50 kph) at short distances.

Male American Black Bears have a shoulder height between 2’11”-3’5” (.89-1.04 m) and a weight in the range of 375-600 lb (170-272 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’6”-3’1” (.75-.94 m) with weights from 200-450 lb (90-204 kg). The American Black Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-6’8” (1.25-2.1 m), upright standing height of 5’3”-5’8” (1.6-1.75 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild, or up to 45 years in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the American Black Bear
The American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America. It is the smallest and most distributed species of bear on the continent. American Black Bears are omnivores, and their diets vary greatly from time to time.

Male American Black Bears have a shoulder height between 2’11”-3’5” (.89-1.04 m) and a weight in the range of 375-600 lb (170-272 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’6”-3’1” (.75-.94 m) with weights from 200-450 lb (90-204 kg). The American Black Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-6’8” (1.25-2.1 m), upright standing height of 5’3”-5’8” (1.6-1.75 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild, or up to 45 years in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the American Black Bear
American Black Bear
Height:
2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
Width:
Length:
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’3”-5’8” | 1.6-1.75 m
Weight:
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’11”-3’5” | .89-1.04 m

Length: 5’2”-6’8” | 1.58-2.03 m

Weight: 375-600 lb | 170-272 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’6”-3’1” | .75-.94 m
Length: 4’-5’6” | 1.22-1.7 m

Weight: 200-450 lb | 90-204 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus americanus
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

American Black Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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