Mountain | Alpine Animals

The Alpine biome is a relatively inhospitable biome with its high altitude, low oxygen content, low precipitation levels, and low temperatures ranging from 40-60 degrees Fahrenheit (4.4-15.5 degrees Celsius) in the summer and below freezing in the winter. Therefore, alpine animals have adaptations that help them live in these conditions including layers of fat and fur, larger lungs, and shorter tails, legs, and ears. These adaptations help alpine animals, such as Elk, Sheep, and Alpacas, stay warm and thrive in this difficult climate. The fur, fat, and shorter appendages help the animals to stay insulated and lose less heat, while the larger lungs help them breathe with the thinner atmosphere at the high altitude. Some animals also migrate or hibernate during the winter months.

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Mountain | Alpine Animals

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Alpaca
137000
39.0"-46.0" | 99-117 cm
48.0"-84.0" | 122-213 cm
45-68 lb | 100-175 kg
15-25 years
Alpaca
117.000
213.000
175.000
15.00
137000
3D
Alpaca
2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
American Black Bear
105.000
210.000
272.000
45.00
10000
3D
American Black Bear
4.25”-4.75” | 10.8-12 cm
6”-9” | 15-23 cm
.25-.45 lb | 125-200 g
3-4 years (wild); up to 7 years (captivity)
American Pika
12.000
23.000
0.200
7.00
4900
3D
American Pika
1.4”-1.75” | 3.6-4.4 cm
3”-3.9” | 7.5-10 cm
.42-.63 oz | 12-18 g
1-3 years
American Water Shrew
4.400
10.000
0.018
3.00
100
3D
American Water Shrew
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Asiatic Black Bear
102.000
200.000
200.000
35.00
14000
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
3D
Caracal
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Cave Bear
170.000
350.000
590.000
13000
3D
Cave Bear
5.1”-5.9” | 13-15 cm
9.8”-12.2” | 25-31 cm
6-10.6 lb | 170-300 g
1-4 years (wild); 5-9 years (captivity)
Common Degu
15.000
31.000
0.300
9.00
19200
3D
Common Degu
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
3D
Cougar
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
3D
Eastern Coyote
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
33”-40” | 84-102 cm
25-45 lb | 11-20 kg
7-9 years (wild); up to 12 years (captivity)
Ethiopian Wolf
61.000
102.000
20.000
12.00
7800
3D
Ethiopian Wolf
1’6”-3" | .46-.91 m
4’6”-6’ | 1.37-1.83 m
150-250 lb | 68-114 kg
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Giant Panda Bear
91.000
183.000
114.000
30.00
307000
3D
Giant Panda Bear
Goat
432000
30.0" | 76 cm
39.0" | 99 cm
44-310 lbs | 19-140 kg
15-18 years
Goat
76.000
99.000
140.000
18.00
432000
3D
Goat
Guanaco
15000
57"-61" | 145-155 cm
82"-86" | 210-220 cm
200-310 lb | 90-140 kg
20-25 years
Guanaco
155.000
220.000
140.000
20.00
15000
3D
Guanaco
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm
1.5-2.6 lb | .7-1.2 kg
2-4 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Guinea Pig | Cavy
10.500
25.000
1.200
7.00
7300
3D
Guinea Pig | Cavy
4.5”-5” | 11.4-12.7 cm
7”-9” | 18-23 cm
.3-.6 lb | 150-250 g
3-4 years (wild); up to 7 years (captivity)
Ili Pika
12.700
23.000
0.250
7.00
3900
3D
Ili Pika
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Kodiak Bear
152.000
274.000
635.000
35.00
39000
3D
Kodiak Bear
Llama
154000
67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) | 1.7-1.8 m
72"-78" (6’-6’6”) | 1.8-2.0 m
290-440 lb | 130-200 kg
15-25 years
Llama
180.000
200.000
200.000
15.00
154000
3D
Llama
4.1”-6.9” | 10.5-17.5 cm
8.5”-14” | 22-36 cm
1.8-2.4 lb | 800-1100 g
8-10 years (wild); 10-20 years (captivity)
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
17.500
36.000
1.100
20.00
1200
3D
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
2.2”-2.7” | 5.6-6.8 cm
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
2-4.6 oz | 60-130 g
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)
Mongolian Gerbil
6.800
14.500
0.130
5.00
2700
3D
Mongolian Gerbil
3.5”-5.1” | 9-13 cm
8.2”-13.8” | 21-35 cm
.26-.44 lb | 120-200 g
1-3 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Plains Pocket Gopher
13.000
35.000
0.200
7.00
450
3D
Plains Pocket Gopher
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
3D
Red Fox
Sheep
142000
46.0" | 117 cm
50.0" | 127 cm
80-400 lbs | 35-180 kg
10-12 years
Sheep
117.000
127.000
180.000
12.00
142000
3D
Sheep
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
Snow Leopard
66.000
130.000
54.000
22.00
121000
3D
Snow Leopard
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
3D
Taruca
Vicuña
18000
49"-52" | 124-132 cm
60"-72" | 152-183 cm
77-144 lb | 35-65 kg
20-24 years
Vicuña
132.000
183.000
65.000
20.00
18000
3D
Vicuña
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
9.4”-13.4” | 24-34 cm
18.5”-27.5” | 47-70 cm
3.5-11 lb | 1.6-5 kg
12-15 years (wild); up to 21 years (captivity)
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
34.000
70.000
5.000
21.00
4200
3D
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
American Black Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a American Black Bear to an average human

The American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America. It is the smallest and most distributed species of bear on the continent. American Black Bears are omnivores, and their diets vary greatly from time to time. They usually live in forested areas but leave forests for food because of the immediate availability of food brought to them by humans. The US Black Bear is the most common species of the world's bears. They seem to be moving awkwardly, but they are very fast. Once recorded, some of these bears reach a speed of more than 30 mph (50 kph) at short distances.

Male American Black Bears have a shoulder height between 2’11”-3’5” (.89-1.04 m) and a weight in the range of 375-600 lb (170-272 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’6”-3’1” (.75-.94 m) with weights from 200-450 lb (90-204 kg). The American Black Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-6’8” (1.25-2.1 m), upright standing height of 5’3”-5’8” (1.6-1.75 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild, or up to 45 years in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the American Black Bear
The American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) is a medium-sized bear native to North America. It is the smallest and most distributed species of bear on the continent. American Black Bears are omnivores, and their diets vary greatly from time to time.

Male American Black Bears have a shoulder height between 2’11”-3’5” (.89-1.04 m) and a weight in the range of 375-600 lb (170-272 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’6”-3’1” (.75-.94 m) with weights from 200-450 lb (90-204 kg). The American Black Bear has an overall body length of roughly 4’-6’8” (1.25-2.1 m), upright standing height of 5’3”-5’8” (1.6-1.75 m), and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years in the wild, or up to 45 years in captivity.

Pair of illustrated side elevation drawings of the American Black Bear
American Black Bear
Height:
2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
Width:
Length:
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’3”-5’8” | 1.6-1.75 m
Weight:
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’11”-3’5” | .89-1.04 m

Length: 5’2”-6’8” | 1.58-2.03 m

Weight: 375-600 lb | 170-272 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’6”-3’1” | .75-.94 m
Length: 4’-5’6” | 1.22-1.7 m

Weight: 200-450 lb | 90-204 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus americanus
Lifespan
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

American Black Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Common Degu

The Common Degu (Octodon degus), or just degu, is a small, social rodent unique to the lowlands of Chile. Active and extremely social during the day unlike the nocturnal rat, the Common Degu lives in burrows underground dug out in large communities of up to 100 rather than individually.

It is physically characterized by yellowish-brown fur, round ears, thin tail, and figure eight-shaped cheek teeth-- the reason behind its scientific name. People are able to keep the Common Degu as a pet, but it is recommended to have more than one as they thrive in colonies.

Common Degus have a height of 5.1”-5.9” (13-15 cm), body length between 9.8”-12.2” (25-31 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 6-10.6 lb (170-300 g). The tail length of a Common Degu is 5”-6” (13-15 cm). Common Degus have a typical lifespan of 1-4 years in the wild and 5-9 years in captivity.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of Common Degu in various poses
The Common Degu (Octodon degus), or just degu, is a small, social rodent unique to the lowlands of Chile. Active and extremely social during the day unlike the nocturnal rat, the Common Degu lives in burrows underground dug out in large communities of up to 100 rather than individually.

Common Degus have a height of 5.1”-5.9” (13-15 cm), body length between 9.8”-12.2” (25-31 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 6-10.6 lb (170-300 g). The tail length of a Common Degu is 5”-6” (13-15 cm). Common Degus have a typical lifespan of 1-4 years in the wild and 5-9 years in captivity.

Dimensioned collection of scaled drawings of Common Degu in various poses
Common Degu
Height:
5.1”-5.9” | 13-15 cm
Width:
Length:
9.8”-12.2” | 25-31 cm
Depth:
Weight:
6-10.6 lb | 170-300 g
Area:
Tail Length
5”-6” | 13-15 cm
Scientific Name
Octodon degus
Lifespan
1-4 years (wild); 5-9 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Common Degu side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (upright)

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Water Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Water Deer to a typical person

The Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis), is a very small Asian deer in the Cervidae family, found in fertile Korean river bottoms, and near the Chang Jiang valley in China. They are the only species of deer in which males lack antlers, yet the Water Deer is armed with long, curved, sharp, canine teeth that poke out from the mouth.

The length of these canines can be over 2 inches (5 cm) long. The Water Deer is the only deer species that have inguinal glands. Water deer like to eat the dense vegetation that grows along the bottoms of the river—they consume a significant amount of coarse-fiber grass that serves both as food and as shelter.

Water Deer have standing shoulder heights between 1’6”-1’10” (46-56 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’6”-3’4” (76-102 cm), and overall weights of 20-30 lb (9-14 kg). The lifespan of a wild Water Deer is roughly 10-12 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Water Deer
The Water Deer (Hydropotes inermis), is a very small Asian deer in the Cervidae family, found in fertile Korean river bottoms, and near the Chang Jiang valley in China. They are the only species of deer in which males lack antlers, yet the mouth of the Water Deer has long curved canine teeth.

Water Deer have standing shoulder heights between 1’6”-1’10” (46-56 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’6”-3’4” (76-102 cm), and overall weights of 20-30 lb (9-14 kg). The lifespan of a wild Water Deer is roughly 10-12 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Water Deer
Water Deer
Height:
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
Width:
Length:
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
Depth:
Weight:
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hydropotes inermis
Lifespan
10-12 years

Drawings include:

Water Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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American Pika

The American Pika (Ochotona princeps) has a small, round body, rounded ears, short legs, and no tail. They are a species of pika that generally lives in the western Northern America typically in the boulder fields or at above the tree line. The American Pika is herbivorous and their diet includes grasses, sedges, thistles, and fireweed.

Pikas can meet their water demands from their food alone, but they do drink water if it is available. Pikas do not hibernate, are diurnal, and typically breed twice a year.

American Pikas have a shoulder height of 4.25”-4.75” (10.8-12 cm), body length between 6”-9” (15-23 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .25-.45 lb (125-200 g). The ears of an American Pika are 1.5”-2” (3.8-5 cm) in length. The typical lifespan of an American Pika is 3-4 years in the wild and up to 7 years when raised in captivity.

Set of dimensioned side elevation drawings of the American Pika
The American Pika (Ochotona princeps) has a small, round body, rounded ears, short legs, and no tail. They are a species of pika that generally lives in the western Northern America typically in the boulder fields or at above the tree line.

American Pikas have a shoulder height of 4.25”-4.75” (10.8-12 cm), body length between 6”-9” (15-23 cm), and an overall weight in the range of .25-.45 lb (125-200 g). The ears of an American Pika are 1.5”-2” (3.8-5 cm) in length. The typical lifespan of an American Pika is 3-4 years in the wild and up to 7 years when raised in captivity.

Set of dimensioned side elevation drawings of the American Pika
American Pika
Height:
4.25”-4.75” | 10.8-12 cm
Width:
Length:
6”-9” | 15-23 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.25-.45 lb | 125-200 g
Area:
Ear Length
1.5”-2” | 3.8-5 cm
Scientific Name
Ochotona princeps
Lifespan
3-4 years (wild); up to 7 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

American Pika side elevation (standing), front (standing), back (standing)

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White-Tailed Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a White-Tailed Deer to an average human

White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear while the rest of their coat is reddish in the summer and a dull gray in the winter.

The hair of the White-Tailed Deer is flared during flight, and their tail resembles a signaling flag. While White-Tailed Deer from North and South America are generally accepted as one group, genetically these deer are farther apart than White-Tailed and Black-Tailed Deer in North America.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer
Height:
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
Width:
Length:
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
Depth:
Weight:
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Odocoileus virginianus
Lifespan
6-15 years

Drawings include:

White-Tailed Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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