Mountain | Alpine Animals

The Alpine biome is a relatively inhospitable biome with its high altitude, low oxygen content, low precipitation levels, and low temperatures ranging from 40-60 degrees Fahrenheit (4.4-15.5 degrees Celsius) in the summer and below freezing in the winter. Therefore, alpine animals have adaptations that help them live in these conditions including layers of fat and fur, larger lungs, and shorter tails, legs, and ears. These adaptations help alpine animals, such as Elk, Sheep, and Alpacas, stay warm and thrive in this difficult climate. The fur, fat, and shorter appendages help the animals to stay insulated and lose less heat, while the larger lungs help them breathe with the thinner atmosphere at the high altitude. Some animals also migrate or hibernate during the winter months.

How do animals survive in the mountains?

Animals survive in the mountains by physically having thick fur and wool to protect themselves from extreme temperatures. Mountain animals also typically have hooves that help them climb the slopes of hills. Some Mountain Animals also have large lungs and a heart that help them compensate for the scarcity of oxygen at high altitudes.

What are common features of mountain animals?

The common features and characteristics of mountain animals include having thick fur as well as hard hooves. Mountain animals are also typically larger in size to not lose heat quickly as well as cool down. Animals that frequent this type of environment adapt physically to withstand and thrive within these conditions.

Which animals can you ride on a mountain?

The animals that you can ride on a mountain include donkeys and mules. They are often used to ride on a mountain by humans since they can easily be saddled and ridden in a similar manner to horses. Donkeys and mules are also gentle and steady footed.

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Mountain | Alpine Animals Guides
Browse through our curated Mountain | Alpine Animals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Mountain | Alpine Animals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Mountain | Alpine Animals

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Alpaca
137000
39"-46" | 99-117 cm
48"-84" | 122-213 cm
45-68 lb | 100-175 kg
15-25 years
Alpaca
117.000
213.000
175.000
25.00
137000
3D
Alpaca
2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
American Black Bear
105.000
210.000
272.000
45.00
10000
3D
American Black Bear
4.25”-4.75” | 10.8-12 cm
6”-9” | 15-23 cm
.25-.45 lb | 125-200 g
3-4 years (wild); up to 7 years (captivity)
American Pika
12.000
23.000
0.200
7.00
4900
3D
American Pika
1.4”-1.75” | 3.6-4.4 cm
3”-3.9” | 7.5-10 cm
.42-.63 oz | 12-18 g
1-3 years
American Water Shrew
4.400
10.000
0.018
3.00
100
3D
American Water Shrew
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Asiatic Black Bear
102.000
200.000
200.000
35.00
14000
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
3D
Caracal
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Cave Bear
170.000
350.000
590.000
13000
3D
Cave Bear
5.1”-5.9” | 13-15 cm
9.8”-12.2” | 25-31 cm
6-10.6 lb | 170-300 g
1-4 years (wild); 5-9 years (captivity)
Common Degu
15.000
31.000
0.300
9.00
19200
3D
Common Degu
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
3D
Cougar
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
3D
Eastern Coyote
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
33”-40” | 84-102 cm
25-45 lb | 11-20 kg
7-9 years (wild); up to 12 years (captivity)
Ethiopian Wolf
61.000
102.000
20.000
12.00
7800
3D
Ethiopian Wolf
1’6”-3" | .46-.91 m
4’6”-6’ | 1.37-1.83 m
150-250 lb | 68-114 kg
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Giant Panda Bear
91.000
183.000
114.000
30.00
307000
3D
Giant Panda Bear
Goat
432000
30.0" | 76 cm
39.0" | 99 cm
44-310 lbs | 19-140 kg
15-18 years
Goat
76.000
99.000
140.000
18.00
432000
3D
Goat
Guanaco
15000
57"-61" | 145-155 cm
82"-86" | 210-220 cm
200-310 lb | 90-140 kg
20-25 years
Guanaco
155.000
220.000
140.000
25.00
15000
3D
Guanaco
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm
1.5-2.6 lb | .7-1.2 kg
2-4 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Guinea Pig | Cavy
10.500
25.000
1.200
7.00
7300
3D
Guinea Pig | Cavy
4.5”-5” | 11.4-12.7 cm
7”-9” | 18-23 cm
.3-.6 lb | 150-250 g
3-4 years (wild); up to 7 years (captivity)
Ili Pika
12.700
23.000
0.250
7.00
3900
3D
Ili Pika
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Kodiak Bear
152.000
274.000
635.000
35.00
39000
3D
Kodiak Bear
Llama
154000
67"-71" | 1.7-1.8 m
72"-78" | 1.8-2.0 m
290-440 lb | 130-200 kg
15-25 years
Llama
180.000
200.000
200.000
25.00
154000
3D
Llama
4.1”-6.9” | 10.5-17.5 cm
8.5”-14” | 22-36 cm
1.8-2.4 lb | 800-1100 g
8-10 years (wild); 10-20 years (captivity)
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
17.500
36.000
1.100
20.00
1200
3D
Long-Tailed Chinchilla
2.2”-2.7” | 5.6-6.8 cm
4.5”-5.7” | 11.5-14.5 cm
2-4.6 oz | 60-130 g
2-3 years (wild); 3-5 years (captivity)
Mongolian Gerbil
6.800
14.500
0.130
5.00
2700
3D
Mongolian Gerbil
3.5”-5.1” | 9-13 cm
8.2”-13.8” | 21-35 cm
.26-.44 lb | 120-200 g
1-3 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Plains Pocket Gopher
13.000
35.000
0.200
7.00
450
3D
Plains Pocket Gopher
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
3D
Red Fox
Sheep
142000
46.0" | 117 cm
50.0" | 127 cm
80-400 lbs | 35-180 kg
10-12 years
Sheep
117.000
127.000
180.000
12.00
142000
3D
Sheep
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
Snow Leopard
66.000
130.000
54.000
22.00
121000
3D
Snow Leopard
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
3D
Taruca
Vicuña
18000
49"-52" | 124-132 cm
60"-72" | 152-183 cm
77-144 lb | 35-65 kg
20-24 years
Vicuña
132.000
183.000
65.000
24.00
18000
3D
Vicuña
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
9.4”-13.4” | 24-34 cm
18.5”-27.5” | 47-70 cm
3.5-11 lb | 1.6-5 kg
12-15 years (wild); up to 21 years (captivity)
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
34.000
70.000
5.000
21.00
4200
3D
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
Cave Bear
Comparison illustration of the size of a Cave Bear to an average human

The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws, which made it the ancestor to the Brown Bear in its skeletal form. The size of Cave Bears was like those of the largest modern bears.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a bear species that lived in the Pleistocene region of Europe and Asia and died in the Last Glacial Maximums about 24,000 years ago. The Cave Bear had a very wide and dome-skull with a steep forehead. Its sturdy body had long thighs, large frame, and turning paws.

Male Cave Bears had a shoulder height between 5’-5’7” (1.52-1.7 m) and a weight in the range of 750-1300 lb (340-590 kg). The shoulder heights of females was between 4’7”-5’2” (1.4-1.57 m) with weights from 500-550 lb (227-250 kg). The Cave Bear had an overall body length of roughly 8’8”-11’6” (2.7-3.5 m) and giant upright standing height of 10’-11’6” (3.05-3.5 m).

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Cave Bear
Cave Bear
Height:
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
Width:
Length:
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
Depth:
Standing Height
10’-11’6” | 3.05-3.5 m
Weight:
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 5’-5’7” | 1.52-1.7 m

Length: 9’10”-11’6” | 3-3.5 m

Weight: 750-1300 lb | 340-590 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 4’7”-5’2” | 1.4-1.57 m

Length: 8’8”-10’6” | 2.7-3.2 m

Weight: 500-550 lb | 227-250 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus spelaeus
Lifespan

Drawings include:

Cave Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing upright)

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Sheep
Dimensioned drawing comparing an average sheep to a human

Sheep are stocky ruminant mammals of the Ovis genus. Sheep are known for their undercoats of fine wool which has led to them being domesticated for their fleeces. Sheep are seen as fundamental farming animals throughout the world and have a core livestock for many civilizations. A male sheep is referred to as a ram while a female is known as an ewe.

The average Sheep has an overall height of 46.0" (117 cm), withers height of 36.0" (91 cm), and body length of 50.0" (127 cm). A typical Sheep weighs between 80-400 lb (35-180 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.

Illustrations of a sheep from the side, front, and laying down
Sheep are stocky ruminant mammals of the Ovis genus. Sheep are known for their undercoats of fine wool which has led to them being domesticated for their fleeces. Sheep are seen as fundamental farming animals throughout the world and have a core livestock for many civilizations.

The average Sheep has an overall height of 46.0" (117 cm), withers height of 36.0" (91 cm), and body length of 50.0" (127 cm). A typical Sheep weighs between 80-400 lb (35-180 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.

Illustrations of a sheep from the side, front, and laying down
Sheep
Height:
46.0" | 117 cm
Width:
Length:
50.0" | 127 cm
Depth:
36.0" (3’) | 91 cm
Weight:
80-400 lbs | 35-180 kg
Area:

Uses: Wool fleece, meat, milk

Scientific Name
Ovis aries
Lifespan
10-12 years

Drawings include:
Sheep side elevation (standing), front, side (laying down)

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Eastern Coyote
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Eastern Coyote compared to an average person

The Eastern Coyote (Canis latrans var) is a North American canine of the wolf and coyote family. They have straight ears, a bushy tail, and a narrow chest with fur ranging from dark brown to reddish blonde. The Eastern Coyote is at times referred to as a coyote, coydog, brush wolf, and new wolf.

The Eastern coyote is an omnivore and will eat what is available and easy to either kill or scavenge. They will hunt for mice, moose, rabbits, hares, and deer. Their diet shifts with the seasons.

Eastern Coyotes have a shoulder height of 22”-25” (56-64 cm), body length between 34”-39” (86-99 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 45-55 lb (20-25 kg). The typical lifespan of a Eastern Coyote is 10-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Eastern Coyote
The Eastern Coyote (Canis latrans var) is a North American canine of the wolf and coyote family. They have straight ears, a bushy tail, and a narrow chest with fur ranging from dark brown to reddish blonde. The Eastern Coyote is at times referred to as a coyote, coydog, brush wolf, and new wolf.

Eastern Coyotes have a shoulder height of 22”-25” (56-64 cm), body length between 34”-39” (86-99 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 45-55 lb (20-25 kg). The typical lifespan of a Eastern Coyote is 10-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Eastern Coyote
Eastern Coyote
Height:
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
Width:
Length:
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
Depth:
Weight:
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
Area:
Coat Color
Scientific Name
C. latrans × C. lupus × C. lycaon
Lifespan
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Eastern Coyote side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (howling), side (walking)

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White-Tailed Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a White-Tailed Deer to an average human

White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear while the rest of their coat is reddish in the summer and a dull gray in the winter.

The hair of the White-Tailed Deer is flared during flight, and their tail resembles a signaling flag. While White-Tailed Deer from North and South America are generally accepted as one group, genetically these deer are farther apart than White-Tailed and Black-Tailed Deer in North America.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer
Height:
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
Width:
Length:
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
Depth:
Weight:
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Odocoileus virginianus
Lifespan
6-15 years

Drawings include:

White-Tailed Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Asiatic Black Bear | Asian Black Bear
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear) compared to an average person

The Asiatic Bear (Ursus Thibetanus), Moon Bear, or Asian Black Bear, is a medium-sized bear species endemic to Asia. Most suited to the Arboreal lifestyle, the Asiatic Bear is a dark-colored bear with a light brown muzzle on the chest which is sometimes shaped like a V and has distinct white patches. Its ears take a bell shape which is considerably longer than those of other bears and hit the head sideways. It lives in the Himalayas of India, the Korean Peninsula, north-east China, East Russia, Japan's Shikoku islands and Taiwan.

Male Asiatic Black Bear have a shoulder height between 2’10”-3’4” (.86-1.02 m) and a weight in the range of 130-440 lb (60-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’5”-3’ (.74-.91 m) with weights from 90-275 lb (41-125 kg). Asiatic Black Bears have overall body lengths of roughly 3’10”-6’6” (1.2-2 m), upright standing heights of 5’-5’6” (1.5-1.7 m), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years in the wild and up to 35 years if protected in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear)
The Asiatic Bear (Ursus Thibetanus), Moon Bear, or Asian Black Bear, is a medium-sized bear species endemic to Asia. Most suited to the Arboreal lifestyle, the Asiatic Bear is a dark-colored bear with a light brown muzzle on the chest which is sometimes shaped like a V with distinct white patches.

Male Asiatic Black Bear have a shoulder height between 2’10”-3’4” (.86-1.02 m) and a weight in the range of 130-440 lb (60-200 kg). The shoulder heights of females are between 2’5”-3’ (.74-.91 m) with weights from 90-275 lb (41-125 kg). Asiatic Black Bears have overall body lengths of roughly 3’10”-6’6” (1.2-2 m), upright standing heights of 5’-5’6” (1.5-1.7 m), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years in the wild and up to 35 years if protected in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Asiatic Black Bear (Asian Black Bear)
Asiatic Black Bear | Asian Black Bear
Height:
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
Width:
Length:
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
Depth:
Standing Height
5’-5’6” | 1.5-1.7 m
Weight:
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
Area:

Males:

Height (Shoulder): 2’10”-3’4” | .86-1.02 m

Length: 4’11”-6’6” | 1.5-2 m

Weight: 130-440 lb | 60-200 kg



Females:

Height (Shoulder): 2’5”-3’ | .74-.91 m

Length: 3’10”-5’3” | 1.2-1.6 m

Weight: 90-275 lb | 41-125 kg

Scientific Name
Ursus thibetanus
Lifespan
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Asiatic Black Bear side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (standing upright), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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