Terrestrial Birds

Terrestrial Birds

Description
Description

Terrestrial birds are a diverse group of avian species that spend the majority of their lives on land. Unlike their water-bound or arboreal counterparts, these birds are adapted to a variety of terrestrial habitats, from dense forests and arid deserts to vast grasslands and urban areas. Evolution has equipped them with strong legs for walking or running, and beaks adapted to their specific diets, which can range from seeds and insects to small mammals. While some terrestrial birds are capable of flight, others, like ostriches and emus, have evolved to be flightless, relying on their speed and camouflage for survival. Their nests are typically built on the ground or in low shrubbery, making their reproductive strategies as varied as their habitats.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Terrestrial birds boast a fascinating anatomy adapted for life on land. They have sturdy legs for walking, running, or hopping, with claws suited to their specific environments. Their wings vary; some maintain the power of flight, while others, like the ostrich, are flightless with wings used for balance or display. Beaks are tailored to their diet, from sharp for predators to sturdy for seed-crackers. Many terrestrial birds have vocal cords for communication, producing a range of sounds from songs to alarm calls. Their keen vision is a primary sense, aiding in finding food and spotting predators, while some also have a fine-tuned sense of smell or hearing.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

Humans have a diverse relationship with terrestrial birds. Historically, they've been sources of food, feathers, and even companionship. Some species, like chickens and turkeys, are domesticated for agriculture, while others, such as crows, appear widely in mythology and storytelling. In popular culture, terrestrial birds like Big Bird from "Sesame Street" and the Angry Birds video game franchise have captured hearts.

Sadly, many species face threats from habitat loss and hunting, prompting conservation efforts. Sanctuaries, breeding programs, and legal protections aim to preserve these birds, emphasizing their ecological importance and cultural significance. Public awareness campaigns often bolster these conservation endeavors.

Common Questions
Common Questions
How are terrestrial and marine birds different?

Terrestrial and marine birds are different as marine birds can make a home anywhere and live in the open ocean as they have no attachment to the land. Terrestrial birds in contrast are attached to the land they live on. Terrestrial birds also forage the ground for food while marine birds look for food during their flights.

Which terrestrial bird species has the largest geographic range?

The terrestrial bird species that has the largest geographic range is the common ostrich as it Is the largest terrestrial bird. The common ostrich can run for an extended period of time at 34 mph (55 km/h) and can spring at 40 mph (70 km/h).

Can terrestrial birds fly?

Terrestrial birds are naturally flightless, but there are some species that can fly, but not long distances. The terrestrial birds that can fly, stay low above the ground or close to any cover while flying. They also fly in short distances rather than longer distances.

5.7”-8.1” | 14.5-20.5 cm
19.7”-24” | 50-61 cm (Wingspan)
8.7”-12.2” | 22-31 cm
.18-.36 lb | .08-.165 kg
5-11 years
American Kestrel
20.500
61.000
31.000
0.165
11.00
25500
GUIDE
3D
American Kestrel
25.4”-33.7” | 64.5-85.5 cm
106.3”-130” | 270-330 cm (Wingspan)
39.4”-52” | 100-132 cm
17-33.1 lb | 7.7-15 kg
50-75 years
Andean Condor
85.500
330.000
132.000
15.000
75.00
45450
GUIDE
3D
Andean Condor
14.2”-17.9” | 36-45.5 cm
31.5”-33.5” | 80-85 cm (Wingspan)
23.6”-29.5” | 60-75 cm
4-6.6 lb | 1.8-3 kg
10-13 years
Australian Brushturkey
45.500
85.000
75.000
3.000
13.00
120
GUIDE
3D
Australian Brushturkey
16.9”-24.2” | 43-61.5 cm
70”-90” | 178-229 cm (Wingspan)
27.6”-39.4” | 70-100 cm
6.5-14 lb | 2.95-6.35 kg
20-30 years
Bald Eagle
61.500
229.000
100.000
6.350
30.00
272400
GUIDE
3D
Bald Eagle
Barn Owl
201000
12.2”-15.2” | 31-38.5 cm
31.5”-43.3” | 80-110 cm (Wingspan)
12.6”-15.75” | 32-40 cm
.55-1.26 lb | .25-.57 kg
4-15 years
Barn Owl
38.500
110.000
40.000
0.570
15.00
201000
GUIDE
3D
Barn Owl
19.3”-26.2” | 49-66.5 cm
90.6”-112.2” | 230-285 cm (Wingspan)
37”-49.2” | 94-125 cm
8.2-15.7 lb | 3.7-7.1 kg
21-45 years
Bearded Vulture
66.500
285.000
125.000
7.100
45.00
31900
GUIDE
3D
Bearded Vulture
5.3”-8.9” | 13.5-22.5 cm
20”-24” | 51-61 cm (Wingspan)
6.7”-11” | 17-28 cm
.29-.57 lb | .13-.26 kg
6-11 years
Burrowing Owl
22.500
61.000
28.000
0.260
11.00
34200
GUIDE
3D
Burrowing Owl
30.3”-37.4” | 77-95 cm
106.3”-126” | 270-320 cm (Wingspan)
42.9”-52.8” | 109-134 cm
18.7-26.5 lb | 8.5-12 kg
30-60 years
California Condor
95.000
320.000
134.000
12.000
60.00
53200
GUIDE
3D
California Condor
5.9”-6.7” | 15-17 cm
12.6”-16.1” | 32-41 cm (Wingspan)
9.4”-10.6” | 24-27 cm
.33-.42 lb | .15-.19 kg
4-10 years
California Quail
17.000
41.000
27.000
0.190
10.00
15100
GUIDE
3D
California Quail
Chukar
20400
9.1”-10.2” | 23-26 cm
20.1”-22” | 51-56 cm (Wingspan)
13.4”-15” | 34-38 cm
1-1.76 lb | .45-.8 kg
3-5 years
Chukar
26.000
56.000
38.000
0.800
5.00
20400
GUIDE
3D
Chukar
11.6”-16.7” | 29.5-42.5 cm
43.3”-51.2” | 110-130 cm (Wingspan)
17.7”-25.6” | 45-65 cm
1.2-2.9 lb | .55-1.3 kg
20-29 years
Common Buzzard
42.500
130.000
65.000
1.300
29.00
21900
GUIDE
3D
Common Buzzard
8.1”-9.4” | 20.5-24 cm
26.8”-31.5” | 68-80 cm (Wingspan)
13”-15.4” | 33-39 cm
.31-.68 lb | .14-.31 kg
15-18 years
Common Kestrel
24.000
80.000
39.000
0.310
18.00
33500
GUIDE
3D
Common Kestrel
12.4”-16.1” | 31.5-41 cm
22”-35.4” | 56-90 cm (Wingspan)
27.6”-35.4” | 70-90 cm
1.7-3.75 lb | .75-1.7 kg
11-20 years
Common Pheasant
41.000
90.000
90.000
1.700
20.00
4200
GUIDE
3D
Common Pheasant
5.3”-6.1” | 13.5-15.5 cm
12.6”-13.8” | 32-35 cm (Wingspan)
6.3”-7.1” | 16-18 cm
.22-.37 lb | .1-.17 kg
2-6 years
Common Quail
15.500
35.000
18.000
0.170
6.00
13500
GUIDE
3D
Common Quail
9.8”-14.6” | 25-37 cm
23.6”-35.4” | 60-90 cm (Wingspan)
15.75”-23.6” | 40-60 cm
5.7-9.9 lb | 2.6-4.5 kg
2-20 months (Farm); 3-10 years (Captivity)
Domestic Chicken
37.000
90.000
60.000
4.500
10.00
8400
GUIDE
3D
Domestic Chicken
25.6”-31.5” | 65-80 cm
59.1”-70.9” | 150-180 cm (Wingspan)
39.4”-49.2” | 100-125 cm
29.8-86 lb | 13.5-39 kg
5-6 months (Farm); 3-5 years (Wild)
Domestic Turkey
80.000
180.000
125.000
39.000
5.00
5900
GUIDE
3D
Domestic Turkey
4.1”-6.7” | 10.5-17 cm
18.1”-24” | 46-61 cm (Wingspan)
6.3”-9.8” | 16-25 cm
.26-.55 lb | .12-.25 kg
14-21 years
Eastern Screech Owl
17.000
61.000
25.000
0.250
21.00
18100
GUIDE
3D
Eastern Screech Owl
14.2”-19.5” | 36-49.5 cm
52”-59.8” | 132-152 cm (Wingspan)
19.7”-27.2” | 50-69 cm
2.2-4.6 lb | .98-2.08 kg
16-24 years
Ferruginous Hawk
49.500
152.000
69.000
2.080
24.00
10200
GUIDE
3D
Ferruginous Hawk
19.7”-23.6” | 50-60 cm
72.8”-88.6” | 185-225 cm (Wingspan)
29.5”-35.4” | 75-90 cm
6.2-14.8 lb | 2.8-6.7 kg
30-48 years
Golden Eagle
60.000
225.000
90.000
6.700
48.00
235500
GUIDE
3D
Golden Eagle
15.2”-19.5” | 38.5-49.5 cm
25.6”-29.5” | 65-75 cm (Wingspan)
35.4”-45.3” | 90-115 cm
1.2-1.5 lb | .55-.7 kg
5-15 years
Golden Pheasant
49.500
75.000
115.000
0.700
15.00
52500
GUIDE
3D
Golden Pheasant
24”-29.1” | 61-74 cm
29.5”-35.4” | 75-90 cm (Wingspan)
30.7”-36.2” | 78-92 cm
6.8-10.6 lb | 3.1-4.8 kg
22-24 years
Great Curassow
74.000
90.000
92.000
4.800
24.00
1300
GUIDE
3D
Great Curassow
9.6”-14.2” | 24.5-36 cm
35.8”-59.8” | 91-152 cm (Wingspan)
16.9”-25.2” | 43-64 cm
2-5.5 lb | .9-2.5 kg
13-35 years
Great Horned Owl
36.000
152.000
64.000
2.500
35.00
106000
GUIDE
3D
Great Horned Owl
12.2”-13.2” | 31-33.5 cm
27.2”-28.7” | 69-73 cm (Wingspan)
16.9”-18.1” | 43-46 cm
1.5-2.6 lb | .7-1.2 kg
2-5 years
Greater Prairie Chicken
33.500
73.000
46.000
1.200
5.00
3700
GUIDE
3D
Greater Prairie Chicken
28.3”-38.6” | 72-98 cm
47.2”-63” | 120-160 cm (Wingspan)
35.4”-50” | 90-127 cm (Body); 70.9”-96.5” | 180-245 cm (Overall)
8.5-11 lb | 3.85-5 kg
15-23 years
Green Peafowl
98.000
160.000
245.000
5.000
23.00
9700
GUIDE
3D
Green Peafowl
12.6”-19.7” | 32-50 cm
22”-33.9” | 56-86 cm (Wingspan)
22”-35.4” | 56-90 cm
1.5-3.1 lb | .7-1.4 kg
2-3 years
Green Pheasant
50.000
86.000
90.000
1.400
3.00
4650
GUIDE
3D
Green Pheasant
9.1”-9.8” | 23-25 cm
20.9”-22” | 53-56 cm (Wingspan)
11.8”-13” | 30-33 cm
.75-1.1 lb | .34-.48 kg
2-5 years
Grey Partridge
25.000
56.000
33.000
0.480
5.00
8200
GUIDE
3D
Grey Partridge
25.8”-33.1” | 65.5-84 cm
90.6”-110.2” | 230-280 cm (Wingspan)
37.4”-48” | 95-122 cm
13.2-33.1 lb | 6-15 kg
35-42 years
Griffon Vulture
84.000
280.000
122.000
15.000
42.00
20700
GUIDE
3D
Griffon Vulture
14.6”-19.3” | 37-49 cm
43.3”-63” | 110-160 cm (Wingspan)
18.9”-25.6” | 48-65 cm
1.8-4.6 lb | .8-2.1 kg
12-25 years
Gyrfalcon
49.000
160.000
65.000
2.100
25.00
17700
GUIDE
3D
Gyrfalcon
21.7”-26.6” | 55-67.5 cm
69.3”-88.2” | 176-224 cm (Wingspan)
34.3”-42.9” | 87-109 cm
8.8-19.8 lb | 4-9 kg
25-35 years
Harpy Eagle
67.500
224.000
109.000
9.000
35.00
293500
GUIDE
3D
Harpy Eagle
16.5”-19.7” | 42-50 cm
37.4”-39.4” | 95-100 cm (Wingspan)
20.9”-24.8” | 53-63 cm
2.2-4 lb | 1-1.8 kg
10-15 years
Helmeted Guineafowl
50.000
100.000
63.000
1.800
15.00
9650
GUIDE
3D
Helmeted Guineafowl
11.8”-15.2” | 30-38.5 cm
38.2”-48” | 97-122 cm (Wingspan)
16.1”-20.5” | 41-52 cm
.64-1.39 lb | .29-.63 kg
8-17 years
Hen Harrier
38.500
122.000
52.000
0.630
17.00
13900
GUIDE
3D
Hen Harrier
17.3”-23.6” | 44-60 cm
35.4”-51.2” | 90-130 cm (Wingspan)
33.5”-46” | 85-117 cm
4.4-5.5 lb | 2-2.5 kg
10-20 years
Horned Guan
60.000
130.000
117.000
2.500
20.00
700
GUIDE
3D
Horned Guan
26.4”-30.7” | 67-78 cm
55.1”-63” | 140-160 cm (Wingspan)
39.4”-45.3” | 100-115 cm (Body); 76.8”-88.6” | 195-225 cm (Overall)
6.1-13.2 lb | 2.75-6 kg
10-25 years
Indian Peafowl
78.000
160.000
225.000
6.000
25.00
29500
GUIDE
3D
Indian Peafowl
5.5”-6.3” | 14-16 cm
11”-13” | 28-33 cm (Wingspan)
6.3”-7.1” | 16-18 cm
.22-.35 lb | .1-.16 kg
2-6 years
Japanese Quail
16.000
33.000
18.000
0.160
6.00
10400
GUIDE
3D
Japanese Quail
Maleo
14040
16.1”-18.5” | 41-47 cm
11.8”-13.4” | 30-34 cm (Wingspan)
21.7”-23.6” | 55-60 cm
2.9-4 lb | 1.3-1.8 kg
16-23 years
Maleo
47.000
34.000
60.000
1.800
23.00
14040
GUIDE
3D
Maleo
8.3”-9.1” | 21-23 cm
29.5”-32.7” | 75-83 cm (Wingspan)
13.4”-14.6” | 34-37 cm
.46-.86 lb | .21-.39 kg
7-11 years
Mississippi Kite
23.000
83.000
37.000
0.390
11.00
9450
GUIDE
3D
Mississippi Kite
7.9”-8.9” | 20-22.5 cm
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm (Wingspan)
10.2”-11” | 26-28 cm
.42-.64 lb | .19-.29 kg
2-4 years
Mountain Quail
22.500
40.000
28.000
0.290
4.00
5400
GUIDE
3D
Mountain Quail
6.3”-7.5” | 16-19 cm
13”-15” | 33-38 cm (Wingspan)
9.4”-11” | 24-28 cm
.35-.4 lb | .16-.18 kg
3-7 years
Northern Bobwhite
19.000
38.000
28.000
0.180
7.00
5500
GUIDE
3D
Northern Bobwhite
16.9”-20.1” | 43-51 cm
42.1”-47.2” | 107-120 cm (Wingspan)
19.3”-22.8” | 49-58 cm
2-3.5 lb | .9-1.6 kg
18-30 years
Northern Crested Caracara
51.000
120.000
58.000
1.600
30.00
2700
GUIDE
3D
Northern Crested Caracara
9.8”-12.8” | 25-32.5 cm
38.2”-48” | 97-122 cm (Wingspan)
16.1”-20.5” | 41-52 cm
.64-1.65 lb | .29-.75 kg
8-17 years
Northern Harrier
32.500
122.000
52.000
0.750
17.00
15060
GUIDE
3D
Northern Harrier
22.4”-29.9” | 57-76 cm
63”-66.9” | 160-170 cm (Wingspan)
35.4”-48” | 90-122 cm
6-11 lb | 2.7-5 kg
3-5 years
Ocellated Turkey
76.000
170.000
122.000
5.000
5.00
12700
GUIDE
3D
Ocellated Turkey
Osprey
444000
11.4”-16.3” | 29-41.5 cm
50”-70.9” | 127-180 cm (Wingspan)
16.9”-24” | 43-61 cm
2.4-4.4 lb | 1.1-2 kg
25-32 years
Osprey
41.500
180.000
61.000
2.000
32.00
444000
GUIDE
3D
Osprey
8.1”-13” | 20.5-33 cm
29.1”-47.2” | 74-120 cm (Wingspan)
14.2”-22.8” | 36-58 cm
.73-3.3 lb | .33-1.5 kg
15-25 years
Peregrine Falcon
33.000
120.000
58.000
1.500
25.00
205000
GUIDE
3D
Peregrine Falcon
10”-12.4” | 25.5-31.5 cm
24”-27.2” | 61-69 cm (Wingspan)
18.9”-22.8” | 48-58 cm
.66-1.5 lb | .3-.7 kg
5-9 years
Plain Chachalaca
31.500
69.000
58.000
0.700
9.00
1600
GUIDE
3D
Plain Chachalaca
8.3”-10.6” | 21-27 cm
35.4”-44.5” | 90-113 cm (Wingspan)
15”-19.7” | 38-50 cm
1.1-2.1 lb | .5-.95 kg
15-20 years
Prairie Falcon
27.000
113.000
50.000
0.950
20.00
5970
GUIDE
3D
Prairie Falcon
12.2”-15.75” | 31-40 cm
31.5”-39.4” | 80-100 cm (Wingspan)
23.6”-29.5” | 60-75 cm
2.2-5.5 lb | 1-2.5 kg
3-11 years
Red Junglefowl
40.000
100.000
75.000
2.500
11.00
20000
GUIDE
3D
Red Junglefowl
24”-28” | 61-71 cm
29.5”-35.4” | 75-90 cm (Wingspan)
29.5”-35.4” | 75-90 cm
3.3-6.6 lb | 1.5-3 kg
20-30 years
Red-Legged Seriema
71.000
90.000
90.000
3.000
30.00
2500
GUIDE
3D
Red-Legged Seriema
10”-16.1” | 25.5-41 cm
35.4”-44.9” | 90-114 cm (Wingspan)
15”-24” | 38-61 cm
1.2-1.7 lb | .55-.77 kg
20-25 years
Red-Shouldered Hawk
41.000
114.000
61.000
0.770
25.00
31070
GUIDE
3D
Red-Shouldered Hawk
11.2”-15.9” | 28.5-40.5 cm
43.3”-55.5” | 110-141 cm (Wingspan)
17.7”-25.6” | 45-65 cm
1.5-4.4 lb | .69-2 kg
20-31 years
Red-Tailed Hawk
40.500
141.000
65.000
2.000
31.00
102500
GUIDE
3D
Red-Tailed Hawk
10.4”-11.2” | 26.5-28.5 cm
22”-25.2” | 56-64 cm (Wingspan)
16.9”-18.1” | 43-46 cm
1-1.65 lb | .45-.75 kg
1-3 years
Ruffed Grouse
28.500
64.000
46.000
0.750
3.00
24300
GUIDE
3D
Ruffed Grouse
7.9”-9.1” | 20-23 cm
14.2”-16.1” | 36-41 cm (Wingspan)
9.8”-11.4” | 25-29 cm
.33-.44 lb | .15-.2 kg
2-4 years
Scaled Quail
23.000
41.000
29.000
0.200
4.00
2350
GUIDE
3D
Scaled Quail
29.5”-35” | 75-89 cm
74.8”-84.6” | 190-215 cm (Wingspan)
43.3”-51.2” | 110-130 cm
5.1-9.9 lb | 2.3-4.5 kg
10-19 years
Secretary Bird
89.000
215.000
130.000
4.500
19.00
89500
GUIDE
3D
Secretary Bird
13.4”-18.9” | 34-48 cm
20.5”-35.4” | 52-90 cm (Wingspan)
27.6”-49.2” | 70-125 cm
2.5-4.4 lb | 1.15-2 kg
6-12 years
Silver Pheasant
48.000
90.000
125.000
2.000
12.00
6250
GUIDE
3D
Silver Pheasant
8.7”-10.4” | 22-26.5 cm
39.4”-47.2” | 100-120 cm (Wingspan)
14.2”-16.9” | 36-43 cm
.66-1.26 lb | .3-.57 kg
9-14 years
Snail Kite
26.500
120.000
43.000
0.570
14.00
2450
GUIDE
3D
Snail Kite
Snowy Owl
108800
12.4”-16.9” | 31.5-43 cm
51.2”-65.4” | 130-166 cm (Wingspan)
20.5”-28” | 52-71 cm
2.9-6.5 lb | 1.3-2.95 kg
10-28 years
Snowy Owl
43.000
166.000
71.000
2.950
28.00
108800
GUIDE
3D
Snowy Owl
10”-11.6” | 25.5-29.5 cm
21.25”-22.8” | 54-58 cm (Wingspan)
15”-16.9” | 38-43 cm
1-1.72 lb | .45-.78 kg
5-6 years
Spruce Grouse
29.500
58.000
43.000
0.780
6.00
7805
GUIDE
3D
Spruce Grouse
9.6”-12” | 24.5-30.5 cm
31.9”-40.9” | 81-104 cm (Wingspan)
14.6”-18.1” | 37-46 cm
.73-1.6 lb | .33-.72 kg
10-27 years
Tawny Owl
30.500
104.000
46.000
0.720
27.00
43500
GUIDE
3D
Tawny Owl
23.6”-31.1” | 60-79 cm
49.2”-61” | 125-155 cm (Wingspan)
35.8”-46.1” | 91-117 cm
5.5-24.3 lb | 2.5-11 kg
3-5 years
Wild Turkey
79.000
155.000
117.000
11.000
5.00
3300
GUIDE
3D
Wild Turkey
10.2”-13.2” | 26-33.5 cm
23.6”-24.4” | 60-62 cm (Wingspan)
13.8”-17.3” | 35-44 cm
.95-1.8 lb | .43-.81 kg
5-9 years
Willow Ptarmigan
33.500
62.000
44.000
0.810
9.00
5300
GUIDE
3D
Willow Ptarmigan
Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus)
Comparison drawing of the Mountain Quail compared to other gamefowl

The Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus) is a small ground-dwelling gamebird with short wings and long featherless legs. It is characterized by its top knots that are shorter in the female Mountain Quail. The Mountain Quail has a brown face, gray breast, brown back, and white underside. Its habitat ranges from the Rocky Mountains in the United States to Baja Peninsula in Mexico. A Mountain Quail is typically found in altitudes of up to 9,800 ft (3,000 m). The diet of the Mountain Quail is mostly made up of plant matter and seeds. A chick may eat insects and more plant matter as it matures.

The Mountain Quail has a wingspan in the range of 13.8”-15.75” (35-40 cm) and total weight of .42-.64 lb (.19-.29 kg). The body of the Mountain Quail has an overall length between 10.2”-11” (26-28 cm), body width of 2.75”-3.15” (7-8 cm), and standing height of roughly 7.9”-8.9” (20-22.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Mountain Quail is between 2-4 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Mountain Quail
The Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus) is a small ground-dwelling gamebird with short wings and long featherless legs. It is characterized by its top knots that are shorter in the female Mountain Quail. The Mountain Quail has a brown face, gray breast, brown back, and white underside.

The Mountain Quail has a wingspan in the range of 13.8”-15.75” (35-40 cm) and total weight of .42-.64 lb (.19-.29 kg). The body of the Mountain Quail has an overall length between 10.2”-11” (26-28 cm), body width of 2.75”-3.15” (7-8 cm), and standing height of roughly 7.9”-8.9” (20-22.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Mountain Quail is between 2-4 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the Mountain Quail
Mountain Quail (Oreortyx pictus)
Height:
7.9”-8.9” | 20-22.5 cm
Width:
13.8”-15.75” | 35-40 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
10.2”-11” | 26-28 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.42-.64 lb | .19-.29 kg
Area:

Body Width: 2.75”-3.15” | 7-8 cm

Scientific Name
Oreortyx pictus
Lifespan
2-4 years

Drawings include:

Mountain Quail side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Grey Partridge to other species of gamefowl

The Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix) also known as the Hungarian is a gamebird with a long brown-back with gray flanks and chest. The Grey Partridge is typically seen on ground and found in farmlands across Europe, Canada, the United States, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. It is mostly found in grasslands and agricultural fields. The Hungarian Partridge is a ground forager and mainly eats seeds, wheat, barley, oats, corn, sunflower, foxtail, ragweed, and Russian thistle. A female Grey Partridge can lay up to 22 eggs, the most eggs among any bird species.

The Grey Partridge has a wingspan in the range of 20.9”-22” (53-56 cm) and total weight of .75-1.1 lb (.34-.48 kg). The body of the Grey Partridge has an overall length between 11.8”-13” (30-33 cm), body width of 4.7”-5.3” (12-13.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 9.1”-9.8” (23-25 cm). The typical lifespan of the Grey Partridge is between 2-5 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Grey Partridge in various poses with dimensions
The Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix) also known as the Hungarian is a gamebird with a long brown-back with gray flanks and chest. The Grey Partridge is typically seen on ground and found in farmlands across Europe, Canada, the United States, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand.

The Grey Partridge has a wingspan in the range of 20.9”-22” (53-56 cm) and total weight of .75-1.1 lb (.34-.48 kg). The body of the Grey Partridge has an overall length between 11.8”-13” (30-33 cm), body width of 4.7”-5.3” (12-13.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 9.1”-9.8” (23-25 cm). The typical lifespan of the Grey Partridge is between 2-5 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Grey Partridge in various poses with dimensions
Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix)
Height:
9.1”-9.8” | 23-25 cm
Width:
20.9”-22” | 53-56 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
11.8”-13” | 30-33 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.75-1.1 lb | .34-.48 kg
Area:

Body Width: 4.7”-5.3” | 12-13.5 cm

Scientific Name
Perdix perdix
Lifespan
2-5 years

Drawings include:

Grey Partridge side view, front, flying (assorted)

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California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus)
Comparison drawing of the California Condor compared to other birds of prey

The California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) is the largest North American land bird. Since its extinct status in 1987, they were bred in captivity and reintroduced to northern Arizona, southern Utah, the coastal mountains of central and southern California, and northern Baja California. They live in rocky shrub land, coniferous forest, and oak savanna, and are often found near cliffs or large trees. Physically they have a black plumage with white patches on the underside of the wings. The head is bald; adults’ heads are yellow or bright orange, and young birds have variations of gray. As a scavenger, the California Condor eats mostly carrion.

The California Condor has a wingspan in the range of 106.3”-126” (270-320 cm) and total weight of 18.7-26.5 lb (8.5-12 kg). The body of the California Condor has an overall length between 42.9”-52.8” (109-134 cm), body width of 14.4”-17.3” (36.5-44 cm), and standing height of roughly 30.3”-37.4” (77-95 cm). The typical lifespan of the California Condor is between 30-60 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the California Condor
The California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus) is the largest North American land bird. Since its extinct status in 1987, they were bred in captivity and reintroduced to northern Arizona, southern Utah, the coastal mountains of central and southern California, and northern Baja California.

The California Condor has a wingspan in the range of 106.3”-126” (270-320 cm) and total weight of 18.7-26.5 lb (8.5-12 kg). The body of the California Condor has an overall length between 42.9”-52.8” (109-134 cm), body width of 14.4”-17.3” (36.5-44 cm), and standing height of roughly 30.3”-37.4” (77-95 cm). The typical lifespan of the California Condor is between 30-60 years.

Set of scaled side and front drawings of the California Condor
California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus)
Height:
30.3”-37.4” | 77-95 cm
Width:
106.3”-126” | 270-320 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
42.9”-52.8” | 109-134 cm
Depth:
Weight:
18.7-26.5 lb | 8.5-12 kg
Area:

Body Width: 14.4”-17.3” | 36.5-44 cm

Scientific Name
Gymnogyps californianus
Lifespan
30-60 years

Drawings include:

California Condor side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Australian Brushturkey to other species of gamefowl

The Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami) also known as the scrub turkey, is a large gamebird species with a black plumage, a red head, and a yellow throat. As its name suggests, it is native to eastern Australia. The Australian Brushturkey likes to live in rainforests, but can also be found in drier lands. It is often seen in urban environments and can sometimes be sighted in the backyards of Brisbane and Sydney. The diet of the Australian Brushturkey consists of insects, seeds, and fallen fruits. It forages the ground for its food and only sometimes eats fruits among tree branches.

The Australian Brushturkey has a wingspan in the range of 31.5”-33.5” (80-85 cm) and total weight of 4-6.6 lb (1.8-3 kg). The body of the Australian Brushturkey has an overall length between 23.6”-29.5” (60-75 cm), body width of 5.1”-6.9” (13-17.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 14.2”-17.9” (36-45.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Australian Brushturkey is between 10-13 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Australian Brushturkey in various poses with dimensions
The Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami) also known as the scrub turkey, is a large gamebird species with a black plumage, a red head, and a yellow throat. As its name suggests, it is native to eastern Australia. The Australian Brushturkey likes to live in rainforests.

The Australian Brushturkey has a wingspan in the range of 31.5”-33.5” (80-85 cm) and total weight of 4-6.6 lb (1.8-3 kg). The body of the Australian Brushturkey has an overall length between 23.6”-29.5” (60-75 cm), body width of 5.1”-6.9” (13-17.5 cm), and standing height of roughly 14.2”-17.9” (36-45.5 cm). The typical lifespan of the Australian Brushturkey is between 10-13 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Australian Brushturkey in various poses with dimensions
Australian Brushturkey (Alectura lathami)
Height:
14.2”-17.9” | 36-45.5 cm
Width:
31.5”-33.5” | 80-85 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
23.6”-29.5” | 60-75 cm
Depth:
Weight:
4-6.6 lb | 1.8-3 kg
Area:

Body Width: 5.1”-6.9” | 13-17.5 cm

Scientific Name
Alectura lathami
Lifespan
10-13 years

Drawings include:

Australian Brushturkey side view, front, flying (assorted)

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Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica)
Scale illustration of an average Japanese Quail compared to other gamefowl species

The Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica) is a gamebird with a dark brown plumage and light brown eyes. There are some color variations among the plumage of the Japanese Quail species. The Japanese Quail is native to Japan, East Asia, and Russia. It is also seen in India, Korea, Japan, and China. The Japanese Quail is a ground-dwelling species that tend to stay within dense vegetation. It typically eats at the beginning and end of the day and feeds off grass seeds like white millet, but also includes insects, larvae, and other small invertebrates. The Japanese Quail is considered near threatened to extinction.

The Japanese Quail has a wingspan in the range of 11”-13” (28-33 cm) and total weight of .22-.35 lb (.1-.16 kg). The body of the Japanese Quail has an overall length between 6.3”-7.1” (16-18 cm), body width of 2.75”-3.15” (7-8 cm), and standing height of roughly 5.5”-6.3” (14-16 cm). The typical lifespan of the Japanese Quail is between 2-6 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Japanese Quail
The Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica) is a gamebird with a dark brown plumage and light brown eyes. There are some color variations among the plumage of the Japanese Quail species. The Japanese Quail is native to Japan, East Asia, and Russia. It is also seen in India, Korea, Japan, and China.

The Japanese Quail has a wingspan in the range of 11”-13” (28-33 cm) and total weight of .22-.35 lb (.1-.16 kg). The body of the Japanese Quail has an overall length between 6.3”-7.1” (16-18 cm), body width of 2.75”-3.15” (7-8 cm), and standing height of roughly 5.5”-6.3” (14-16 cm). The typical lifespan of the Japanese Quail is between 2-6 years.

Series of measured illustrations of the Japanese Quail
Japanese Quail (Coturnix japonica)
Height:
5.5”-6.3” | 14-16 cm
Width:
11”-13” | 28-33 cm (Wingspan)
Length:
6.3”-7.1” | 16-18 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.22-.35 lb | .1-.16 kg
Area:

Body Width: 2.75”-3.15” | 7-8 cm

Scientific Name
Coturnix japonica
Lifespan
2-6 years

Drawings include:

Japanese Quail side view, front, flying (assorted)

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