Many different species of animals live in the forest including larger animals like big cats, deer, and bears, and smaller animals, such as chipmunks, skunks, and foxes. There are three different types of forests: coniferous forests, characterized by cone-bearing trees like pine and fir, temperate forests, characterized by both cone-bearing trees and deciduous (broad leafed) trees that change color with the seasons, and tropical forests, with abundant rainfall and constantly warm temperatures. Forests are home to 80% of the earth’s biodiversity and are an important source of oxygen and carbon sequestration. Due to their large amounts of biodiversity and carbon sink abilities, the forests need to be protected. However, due to deforestation for agriculture, logging, and fires, the forests are being destroyed quickly causing many species to lose their home and the loss of essential carbon sinks.

How do forest animals adapt to the changing seasons?

Forest animals adapt to the changing seasons to be able to withstand the cold winters and hot summer temperatures. Forest animals adapt by either hibernating or migrating to warmer weather during the cold. During the warm summer seasons, forest animals typically find an abundance of food and find ways to stay cool.

How do animals help trees?

Animals help trees because they breathe oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide while plants take in carbon dioxide and emit oxygen back into their surrounding air. Plants also serve as food and shelter for animals. Plants rely on animals for seed dispersal and pollination. Plants also help with filtering water that animals drink.

How do forest fires affect animals?

Forest fires affect animals as they alter the 3 sources that animals rely on the most – food, water, and shelter. Forest fires often cause animals to move away from the areas they are used to in search of a new shelter. Forest fires also cause deaths among animals through smoke inhalation or fire-caused injuries.

* Under Development *

Forest Animals Guides
Browse through our curated Forest Animals Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Forest Animals. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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8.5’-13’ | 2.6-4 m
4.27’-6.89’ | 1.3-2.1 m
10’-16.5’ | 3-5 m
5,500-15,400 lb | 2,500-7,000 kg
60-75 years
African Bush Elephant
400.000
210.000
500.000
7000.000
75.00
42900
3D
African Bush Elephant
1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
2.75”-3.9” | 7-10 cm
.6-1.2 oz | 18-34 g
4 years (wild); 5-6 years (captivity)
African Dormouse
5.000
10.000
0.034
6.00
70
3D
African Dormouse
34”-40” | 86-102 cm
28”-33” | 71-84 cm
20-60 lb | 9-27 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 15-17 years (captivity)
Agile Wallaby
102.000
84.000
27.000
17.00
67000
3D
Agile Wallaby
2’6”-3’5” | .75-1.05 m
4’-6’8” | 1.25-2.1 m
200-600 lb | 90-272 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
American Black Bear
105.000
210.000
272.000
45.00
10000
3D
American Black Bear
.35”-.51” | 9-13 mm
3.9”-5.1” | 10-13 cm
.07-.09 oz | 2-2.5 g
5-11 years
American Giant Millipede
1.300
13.000
0.003
11.00
2500
3D
American Giant Millipede
1.4”-1.75” | 3.6-4.4 cm
3”-3.9” | 7.5-10 cm
.42-.63 oz | 12-18 g
1-3 years
American Water Shrew
4.400
10.000
0.018
3.00
100
3D
American Water Shrew
2’5”-3’4” | .71-1.02 m
3’10”-6’6” | 1.2-2 m
90-440 lb | 41-200 kg
25-30 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Asiatic Black Bear
102.000
200.000
200.000
35.00
14000
3D
Asiatic Black Bear
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
3D
Asiatic Lion
3.15”-5.9” | 8-15 cm
6.5’-12’ | 1.98-3.66 m
6.6-11 lb | 3-5 kg
12-18 years
Atlantic Bushmaster
15.000
366.000
5.000
18.00
3205
3D
Atlantic Bushmaster
1.2”-2.75” | 3-7 cm
2’-5’ | .61-1.52 m
2.6-6.6 lb | 1.2-3 kg
30-50 years
Ball Python
7.000
152.000
3.000
50.00
227400
3D
Ball Python
3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
10-20 years
Barasingha
125.000
180.000
280.000
20.00
1400
3D
Barasingha
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
15-20 years
Bawean Deer
70.000
140.000
60.000
20.00
400
3D
Bawean Deer
.55”-.98” | 1.4-2.5 cm
.59”-1.18” | 1.5-3 cm
3.15”-5.91” | 8-15 cm
1-2 years
Black Slug
2.500
3.000
15.000
2.00
2900
3D
Black Slug
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
3’-6.5’ | .91-1.98 m
1-3.3 lb | .45-1.5 kg
10-20 years
California Kingsnake
5.000
198.000
1.500
20.00
16400
3D
California Kingsnake
Capybara
157000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
42”-53” | 107-135 cm
77-146 lb | 35-66 kg
7-10 years (wild); 10-15 years (captivity)
Capybara
61.000
135.000
66.000
15.00
157000
3D
Capybara
1.6”-3.15” | 4-8 cm
6.5’-10’ | 1.98-3.05 m
26.4-33 lb | 12-15 kg
15-30 years
Carpet Python
8.000
305.000
15.000
30.00
27200
3D
Carpet Python
4’7”-5’7” | 1.4-1.7 m
8’8”-11’6” | 2.7-3.5 m
500-1300 lb | 227-590 kg
Cave Bear
170.000
350.000
590.000
13000
3D
Cave Bear
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
27”-43” | 69-109 cm
25-50 lb | 11-23 kg
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)
Clouded Leopard
56.000
109.000
23.000
20.00
30000
3D
Clouded Leopard
.28”-.39” | 7-10 mm (Diameter)
7.87”-9.84” | 20-25 cm
.01-.09 lb | 5-40 g
4-8 years
Common Earthworm
1.000
25.000
0.040
8.00
6800
3D
Common Earthworm
2.4”-3.5” | 6-9 cm
6”-10” | 15-25 cm
.6-1.5 lb | 250-700 g
1-2 years (wild); 2-3 years (captivity)
Common Rat
9.000
25.000
0.700
3.00
120000
3D
Common Rat
1”-1.5” | 2.5-3.8 cm
2”-3.1” | 5-8 cm
.18-.5 oz | 5-14 g
1-2 years
Common Shrew
3.800
8.000
0.014
2.00
1300
3D
Common Shrew
24”-28” | 61-71 cm
40”-45” | 102-114 cm
45-75 lb | 20-34 kg
5-12 years (wild); up to 20-30 years (captivity)
Common Wombat
71.000
114.000
34.000
30.00
149000
3D
Common Wombat
1.2”-2” | 3-5 cm
24”-40” | .61-1.02 m
.22-.77 lb | .1-.35 kg
10-30 years
Copperhead
5.000
102.000
0.350
30.00
227700
3D
Copperhead
.6”-1.4” | 1.5-3.5 cm
2’-6’ | .61-1.83 m
1-2 lb | .45-.9 kg
10-23 years
Corn Snake
3.500
183.000
0.900
23.00
255000
3D
Corn Snake
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
3D
Cougar
21”-24” | 53-61 cm
32”-37” | 81-94 cm
20-45 lb | 9-20 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Coyote
61.000
94.000
20.000
20.00
600
3D
Coyote
4.25’-4.58’ | 1.3-1.4 m
2.4’-2.5’ | .73-.76 m
5.58’-5.91’ | 1.7-1.8 m
440-550 lb | 200-250 kg
68 years (minimum)
Cyprus Dwarf Elephant
140.000
76.000
180.000
250.000
68.00
70
3D
Cyprus Dwarf Elephant
Dingo
105000
20”-24” | 51-61 cm
28”-43” | 71-109 cm
30-45 lb | 14-20 kg
3-7 years (wild); up to 16 years (captivity)
Dingo
61.000
109.000
20.000
16.00
105000
3D
Dingo
1”-1.4” | 2.5-3.5 cm
3.5’-6’ | 1.07-1.83 m
1.1-4.9 lb | .5-2.2 kg
10-34 years
Eastern Black Rat Snake
3.500
183.000
2.200
34.00
1200
3D
Eastern Black Rat Snake
1.6”-2.4” | 4-6 cm
3”-4.5” | 7.6-11.4 cm
.14-.33 lb | 65-150 g
2-4 years (wild); 6-8 years (captivity)
Eastern Chipmunk
6.000
11.400
0.150
8.00
4100
3D
Eastern Chipmunk
7”-9” | 17.8-22.9 cm
15”-18” | 38-45.7 cm
2-4.5 lb | .9-2 kg
2-3 years (wild); up to 7-9 years (captivity)
Eastern Cottontail
22.900
45.700
2.000
9.00
7600
3D
Eastern Cottontail
22”-25” | 56-64 cm
34”-39” | 86-99 cm
45-55 lb | 20-25 kg
10-15 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Coyote
64.000
99.000
25.000
20.00
3600
3D
Eastern Coyote
4.3”-5.5” | 11-14 cm
8”-11” | 20-28 cm
.9-1.3 lb | 400-600 g
6-12 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Eastern Gray Squirrel
14.000
28.000
0.600
20.00
1900
3D
Eastern Gray Squirrel
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
3D
Elk | Wapiti
.8”-1.2” | 2-3 cm
1.8”-2.4” | 4.5-6 cm
.09-.21 oz | 2.5-6 g
1-2 years
Eurasian Pygmy Shrew
3.000
6.000
0.006
2.00
40
3D
Eurasian Pygmy Shrew
.2”-.24” | 5-6 mm (Diameter)
1.97”-5.12” | 5-13 cm
.002-.003 lb | 1-1.5 g
1-3 years
European Nightcrawler
0.600
13.000
0.002
3.00
700
3D
European Nightcrawler
2’6”-3’1” | 76-94 cm
4’3”-5’3” | 130-160 cm
65-220 lb | 29-100 kg
8-15 years
Fallow Deer
94.000
160.000
100.000
15.00
19000
3D
Fallow Deer
.98”-1.77” | 2.5-4.5 cm
.98”-1.57” | 2.5-4 cm
1.97”-3.54” | 5-9 cm
.015-.03 lb | .007-.015 kg
2-5 years
Garden Snail
4.500
4.000
9.000
0.015
5.00
7100
3D
Garden Snail
.6”-.75” | 15-19 mm
11”-13.4” | 28-34 cm
6.4-9.6 oz | 181-272 g
7-10 years
Giant African Millipede
1.900
34.000
0.272
10.00
4600
3D
Giant African Millipede
.28”-.55” | 7-14 mm
3”-6.3” | 7.5-16 cm
3-5 years
Giant Centipede
1.400
16.000
5.00
29040
3D
Giant Centipede
2’6”-3’7” | 76-110 cm
4’3”-6’11” | 130-210 cm
220-600 lb | 100-275 kg
5 years average (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Giant Forest Hog
110.000
210.000
275.000
20.00
1400
3D
Giant Forest Hog
.79”-1.18” | 2-3 cm (Diameter)
3.28’-9.84’ | 1-3 m
.44-.88 lb | .2-.4 kg
10-20 years
Giant Gippsland Earthworm
3.000
300.000
0.400
20.00
4100
3D
Giant Gippsland Earthworm
1’6”-3" | .46-.91 m
4’6”-6’ | 1.37-1.83 m
150-250 lb | 68-114 kg
15-25 (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Giant Panda Bear
91.000
183.000
114.000
30.00
307000
3D
Giant Panda Bear
12”-17” | 30-43 cm
21”-32” | 53-81 cm
6-16 lb | 2.7-7 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 14-16 years (captivity)
Gray Fox
43.000
81.000
7.000
16.00
32000
3D
Gray Fox
26”-33” | 66-84 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
50-150 lb | 23-68 kg
6-8 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
Gray Wolf
84.000
183.000
68.000
17.00
35000
3D
Gray Wolf
.08”-.1” | 2-2.5 mm
.7”-.9” | 1.8-2.3 cm
4-7 years
Greenhouse Millipede
0.250
2.300
7.00
5800
3D
Greenhouse Millipede
3’-4’6” | .91-1.37 m
5’6”-8’ | 1.68-2.44 m
300-800 lb | 136-363 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 45 years (captivity)
Grizzly Bear
137.000
244.000
363.000
45.00
102000
3D
Grizzly Bear
Groundhog
172000
8.7”-11” | 22-28 cm
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
5-13 lb | 2.3-5.9 kg
3-6 years (wild); 10-14 years (captivity)
Groundhog
28.000
51.000
5.900
14.00
172000
3D
Groundhog
3.3”-4.1” | 8.5-10.5 cm
7.9”-9.8” | 20-25 cm
1.5-2.6 lb | .7-1.2 kg
2-4 years (wild); 5-7 years (captivity)
Guinea Pig | Cavy
10.500
25.000
1.200
7.00
7300
3D
Guinea Pig | Cavy
6”-7” | 15.2-17.8 cm
11”-12.6” | 28-32 cm
1.5-2.2 lb | .7-1 kg
10-12 years (captivity)
Hispaniolan Solenodon
17.800
32.000
1.000
12.00
3400
3D
Hispaniolan Solenodon
1”-1.4” | 2.5-3.5 cm
3.5’-5’ | 1.07-1.52 m
4.4-6.6 lb | 2-3 kg
24-32 years
Indian Cobra
3.500
152.000
3.000
32.00
38100
3D
Indian Cobra
6.58’-11.42’ | 2-3.5 m
3.28’-6.23’ | 1-1.9 m
8.2’-14.44’ | 2.5-4.4 m
4,409-11,023 lb | 2,000-5,500 kg
50-80 years
Indian Elephant
350.000
190.000
440.000
5500.000
80.00
61700
3D
Indian Elephant
Jaguar
407000
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
4’10”-6’ | 147-183 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Jaguar
79.000
183.000
113.000
25.00
407000
3D
Jaguar
2.6”-4.3” | 6.5-11 cm
5.5”-9” | 14-23 cm
.3-.5 lb | 150-220 g
5-7 years (wild); 10-19 years (captivity)
Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
11.000
23.000
0.220
19.00
5900
3D
Japanese Dwarf Flying Squirrel
Koala
148000
15”-23” | 38-58
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
9-20 lb | 4-9 kg
8-12 years (wild); up to 16-20 years (captivity)
Koala
58.000
91.000
9.000
20.00
148000
3D
Koala
3’4”-5’ | 1.02-1.52 m
6’5”-9’ | 1.96-2.74 m
400-1400 lb | 181-635 kg
20-25 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Kodiak Bear
152.000
274.000
635.000
35.00
39000
3D
Kodiak Bear
.39”-.79” | 1-2 cm
.55”-1.02” | 1.4-2.6 cm
3.94”-7.87” | 10-20 cm
2-4 years
Leopard Slug
2.000
2.600
20.000
4.00
8200
3D
Leopard Slug
11”-14.6” | 28-37 cm
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm
13-31 lb | 6-14 kg
Up to 12 years (wild); 12-16 years (captivity)
Lowland Paca
37.000
80.000
14.000
16.00
700
3D
Lowland Paca
Margay
19000
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
18”-31” | 36-79 cm
5-9 lb | 2-4 kg
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)
Margay
43.000
79.000
4.000
24.00
19000
3D
Margay
Moose
176500
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
15-25 years
Moose
211.000
305.000
680.000
25.00
176500
3D
Moose
.08”-.2” | 2-5 mm (Diameter)
1.57”-2.75” | 4-7 cm
.001-.002 lb | .5-1 g
New Guinea Flatworm
0.500
7.000
0.001
6000
3D
New Guinea Flatworm
14.2”-16.9” | 36-43 cm
29”-35” | 74-89 cm
25-75 lb | 11.3-34 kg
10-15 years (wild); 15-25 years (captivity)
North American Beaver
43.000
89.000
34.000
25.00
3500
3D
North American Beaver
12.6”-16.5” | 32-42 cm
23.6”-35.4” | 60-90 cm
20-40 lb | 9-18 kg
10-15 years (wild); 15-30 years (captivity)
North American Porcupine
42.000
90.000
18.000
30.00
200
3D
North American Porcupine
Numbat
11000
5”-7” | 13-18 cm
8”-11.5” | 20-29 cm
.6-1.25 lb | .3-.6 kg
4-5 years (wild); up to 8 years (captivity)
Numbat
18.000
29.000
0.600
8.00
11000
3D
Numbat
8.3”-11.8” | 21-30 cm
16”-25” | 41-64 cm
10-35 lb | 4.5-16 kg
4-7 years (wild); up to 12 years (captivity)
Nutria | Coypu
30.000
64.000
16.000
12.00
11000
3D
Nutria | Coypu
.16”-.35” | 4-9 mm
.3”-.8” | .8-2 cm
5-11 years
Pill Millipede
0.900
2.000
11.00
1700
3D
Pill Millipede
Quokka
190000
9.5”-13” | 24-33 cm
16”-21” | 41-53 cm
5-11 lb | 2.3-5 kg
8-12 years (wild); up to 13-15 years (captivity)
Quokka
33.000
53.000
5.000
15.00
190000
3D
Quokka
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
20”-27” | 51-69 cm
14-22 lb | 6-10 kg
4-8 years (wild): up to 11-16 years (captivity)
Raccoon Dog
51.000
69.000
10.000
16.00
62000
3D
Raccoon Dog
2’3”-2’4” | 70-72 cm
2’3”-4’3” | 70-130 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
7-12 years
Red Brocket
72.000
130.000
25.000
12.00
305
3D
Red Brocket
3’3”-3’11” | 100-120 cm
5’6”-8’6” | 168-259 cm
250-550 lb | 113-250 kg
10-15 years
Red Deer
120.000
259.000
250.000
15.00
18000
3D
Red Deer
Red Fox
112000
14”-18” | 35-46 cm
22”-34” | 56-86 cm
12-18 lb | 5-8 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 10-12 years (captivity)
Red Fox
46.000
86.000
8.000
12.00
112000
3D
Red Fox
1’10”-2’7” | 56-79 cm
3’4”-5’ | 102-152 cm
100-285 lb | 45-130 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Red River Hog
79.000
152.000
130.000
20.00
3400
3D
Red River Hog
24”-26” | 61-66 cm
38”-60” | 97-152 cm
45-85 lb | 20-39 kg
5-6 years (wild); up to 14 years (captivity)
Red Wolf
66.000
152.000
39.000
14.00
42000
3D
Red Wolf
.12”-.2” | 3-5 mm (Diameter)
1.18”-5.12” | 3-13 cm
.009-.013 lb | 4-6 g
2-5 years
Redworm
0.500
13.000
0.006
5.00
5900
3D
Redworm
2.4”-5.9” | 6-15 cm
5’-21’ | 1.52-6.4 m
165-385 lb | 75-175 kg
15-30 years
Reticulated Python
15.000
640.000
175.000
30.00
75800
3D
Reticulated Python
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
7-10 years
Roe Deer
85.000
145.000
60.000
10.00
12000
3D
Roe Deer
.4”-.6” | 1-1.5 cm
22”-32” | 56-81 cm
.03-.07 lb | 15-30 g
5-15 years
Rough Green Snake
1.500
81.000
0.030
15.00
13300
3D
Rough Green Snake
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
10-20 years
Sambar Deer
160.000
269.000
544.000
20.00
4700
3D
Sambar Deer
4’-6’ | 1.22-1.83 m
6’9”-9’6” | 2.06-2.9 m
650-2200 lb | 295-998 kg
Short-Faced Bear
183.000
290.000
998.000
16700
3D
Short-Faced Bear
30”-42” | 75-107 cm
5’7”-6’10” | 170-208 cm
260-700 lb | 118-318 kg
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
Siberian Tiger
107.000
208.000
318.000
25.00
49000
3D
Siberian Tiger
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
10-15 years
Sika Deer
110.000
155.000
111.000
15.00
13000
3D
Sika Deer
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
120-320 lb | 54-145 kg
20 years (wild); up to 40 years (captivity)
Sloth Bear
91.000
185.000
145.000
40.00
37000
3D
Sloth Bear
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’-3’ | .61-.91 m
5’-6’ | 1.52-1.85 m
80-440 lb | 36-200 kg
20 years (wild); up to 35 years (captivity)
Spectacled Bear
91.000
185.000
200.000
35.00
17000
3D
Spectacled Bear
13.5”-17” | 34-43 cm
22”-28” | 56-71 cm
13-18 lb | 6-8 kg
4-6 years (wild); up to 8 years (captivity)
Tasmanian Devil
43.000
71.000
8.000
8.00
127000
3D
Tasmanian Devil
.4”-1” | 1-2.5 cm
2’-4’ | .61-1.22 m
2-5 lb | .9-2.3 kg
7-15 years
Texas Coral Snake
2.500
122.000
2.300
15.00
7700
3D
Texas Coral Snake
20”-27” | 51-69 cm
39”-51” | 99-130 cm
35-65 lb | 16-29 kg
5-7 years (wild); up to 8-11 years (captivity)
Thylacine
69.000
130.000
29.000
11.00
44000
3D
Thylacine
.28”-.47” | 7-12 mm
3.9”-7.1” | 10-18 cm
4-6 years
Tiger Centipede
1.200
18.000
6.00
2600
3D
Tiger Centipede
1’7”-2’4” | 48-71 cm
3’7”-5’4” | 109-163 cm
35-110 lb | 16-50 kg
10-15 years
Tufted Deer
71.000
163.000
50.000
15.00
6600
3D
Tufted Deer
Turkey
18000
48.0" (4’) | 122 cm
46.0" (3’10”) | 117 cm
17-30 lb | 7.7-13.6 kg
1.5-1.75 years (farm); 10 (wild)
Turkey
122.000
117.000
13.600
1.75
18000
3D
Turkey
8”-11” | 20-28 cm
14”-19” | 36-48 cm
4-14 lb | 2-6 kg
2-4 years (wild); up to 6 years (captivity)
Virginia Opossum
28.000
48.000
6.000
6.00
8900
3D
Virginia Opossum
1.4”-2.75” | 3.5-7 cm
3’-7’ | .91-2.13 m
2.6-14.8 lb | 1.2-6.7 kg
15-26 years
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
7.000
213.000
6.700
26.00
20800
3D
Western Diamondback Rattlesnake
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Wild Boar
91.000
183.000
100.000
20.00
39000
3D
Wild Boar
9.4”-13.4” | 24-34 cm
18.5”-27.5” | 47-70 cm
3.5-11 lb | 1.6-5 kg
12-15 years (wild); up to 21 years (captivity)
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
34.000
70.000
5.000
21.00
4200
3D
Yellow-Bellied Marmot
.24”-.39” | 6-10 mm
1.6”-2” | 4-5 cm
.03-.05 oz | .8-1.5 g
2-3 years
Yellow-Spotted Millipede
1.000
5.000
0.002
3.00
500
3D
Yellow-Spotted Millipede
North American Porcupine
Dimensioned size comparison illustration of the North American Porcupine compared to an average person

The North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), a common New World porcupine, is second in size behind the beaver as one of the largest rodents in North America. The North American Porcupine is best known for and made distinguishable by its spiny quills that cover its body.

The quills are used as a means of defense and can be used in two ways: they can be shaken to create a warning rattle and they can be embedded into a predator if the porcupine decides to charge. To maintain this defense system, the quills can grow back.

North American Porcupines have a height of 12.6”-16.5” (32-42 cm), body length between 23.6”-35.4” (60-90 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 20-40 lb (9-18 kg). The tail length of a North American Porcupine is 8”-10” (20-25 cm). North American Porcupines have a typical lifespan of 10-15 years in the wild and up to 15-30 years in captivity.

Series of elevation illustrations of the North American Porcupine in various poses
The North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), a common New World porcupine, is second in size behind the beaver as one of the largest rodents in North America. The North American Porcupine is best known for and made distinguishable by its spiny quills that cover its body.

North American Porcupines have a height of 12.6”-16.5” (32-42 cm), body length between 23.6”-35.4” (60-90 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 20-40 lb (9-18 kg). The tail length of a North American Porcupine is 8”-10” (20-25 cm). North American Porcupines have a typical lifespan of 10-15 years in the wild and up to 15-30 years in captivity.

Series of elevation illustrations of the North American Porcupine in various poses
North American Porcupine
Height:
12.6”-16.5” | 32-42 cm
Width:
Length:
23.6”-35.4” | 60-90 cm
Depth:
Weight:
20-40 lb | 9-18 kg
Area:
Tail Length
8”-10” | 20-25 cm
Scientific Name
Erethizon dorsatum
Lifespan
10-15 years (wild); 15-30 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

North American Porcupine side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (upright)

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Groundhog | Woodchuck

The Groundhog or Woodchuck, scientifically known as Marmota monax, is one kind of the 14 species of giant ground squirrels identified as marmots. The Groundhog undergoes hibernation and will dig a winter burrow deep enough to ensure a temperature above freezing as well as maintain a maximum weight right before entering this state.

Also called the “whistle-pig,” the Groundhog utilizes a high-pitched whistle to alert its colony if it notices danger. Another way it remains watchful is by standing completely still on its hind feet. The Groundhog or Woodchuck is noted for being territorial and aggressive in nature, using its claws and incisors to dig or attack if needed.

Groundhogs have a height of 8.7”-11” (22-28 cm), body length between 16”-20” (41-51 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 5-13 lb (2.3-5.9 kg). The tail length of a Groundhog is 4”-6” (10-15 cm). Groundhogs have a typical lifespan of 3-6 years in the wild and up to 10-14 years in captivity.

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Groundhog (Woodchuck)
The Groundhog or Woodchuck, scientifically known as Marmota monax, is one kind of the 14 species of giant ground squirrels identified as marmots. The Groundhog undergoes hibernation and will dig a winter burrow deep enough to ensure a temperature above freezing as well as keeping a maximized weight.

Groundhogs have a height of 8.7”-11” (22-28 cm), body length between 16”-20” (41-51 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 5-13 lb (2.3-5.9 kg). The tail length of a Groundhog is 4”-6” (10-15 cm). Groundhogs have a typical lifespan of 3-6 years in the wild and up to 10-14 years in captivity.

Set of dimensioned elevation drawings of the Groundhog (Woodchuck)
Groundhog | Woodchuck
Height:
8.7”-11” | 22-28 cm
Width:
Length:
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
Depth:
Weight:
5-13 lb | 2.3-5.9 kg
Area:
Tail Length
4”-6” | 10-15 cm
Scientific Name
Marmota monax
Lifespan
3-6 years (wild); 10-14 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Groundhog (Woodchuck) side elevation (standing), front (standing), front (upright)

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Eastern Cottontail Rabbit

The Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a member of the Leporidae family and has a chunky appearance with a red-brown or gray-brown fur coloring. It is the most common rabbit species in North America and can be found in the United States, southern Canada, eastern Mexico, central America, and northern most South America.

They are a territorial animal and run in a zigzag pattern when being chased. The Eastern Cottontail diet consists of bark, twigs, leaves, fruits, buds, flowers, grass seeds, sedge fruits, and rush seeds.

Eastern Cottontail Rabbits have a shoulder height of 7”-9” (17.8-22.9 cm), body length between 15”-18” (38-45.7 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 2-4.5 lb (.9-2 kg). The ears of an Eastern Cottontail Rabbit are 2.5”-3.5” (6.4-8.9 cm) in length. The typical lifespan of an Eastern Cottontail Rabbit is 2-3 years in the wild and up to 7-9 years in captivity.

Series of dimensioned elevation illustrations of the Eastern Cottontail Rabbit
The Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) is a member of the Leporidae family and has a chunky appearance with a red-brown or gray-brown fur coloring. It is the most common rabbit species in North America. Eastern Cottontails run in a zig-zag pattern when chased.

Eastern Cottontail Rabbits have a shoulder height of 7”-9” (17.8-22.9 cm), body length between 15”-18” (38-45.7 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 2-4.5 lb (.9-2 kg). The ears of an Eastern Cottontail Rabbit are 2.5”-3.5” (6.4-8.9 cm) in length. The typical lifespan of an Eastern Cottontail Rabbit is 2-3 years in the wild and up to 7-9 years in captivity.

Series of dimensioned elevation illustrations of the Eastern Cottontail Rabbit
Eastern Cottontail Rabbit
Height:
7”-9” | 17.8-22.9 cm
Width:
Length:
15”-18” | 38-45.7 cm
Depth:
Weight:
2-4.5 lb | .9-2 kg
Area:
Ear Length
2.5”-3.5” | 6.4-8.9 cm
Scientific Name
Sylvilagus floridanus
Lifespan
2-3 years (wild); up to 7-9 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Eastern Cottontail Rabbit side elevation (standing), side (crouching), front (standing), back (sitting), side (sitting)

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Virginia Opossum

The Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is a marsupial, and the only marsupial found north of Mexico. In the United States the Virginia Opossum is referred to as possum. Virginia Opossums are a dull gray-brown with the exception of their faces which are white. They have hairless, prehensile tails used to grab branches and carry small objects. Other characteristics are hairless ears, a long, flat nose, and opposable, clawless thumbs on their rear limbs. As omnivorous, the species eats a wide range of plants and animals like fruits, grains, insects, birds, and other small animals. When reacting to threats, the Virginia Opossum will feign death or “play possum”.

Virginia Opossums have a shoulder height of 8”-11” (20-28 cm), body length between 14”-19” (36-48 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 4-14 lb (2-6 kg). The tail of the Virginia Opossum is 10”-12” (25-30 cm) in length. Virginia Opossums have a typical lifespan of 2-4 years in the wild and up to 6 years captivity.

Dimensioned side view drawing of the Virginia Opossum with height and length
The Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is a marsupial, and the only marsupial found north of Mexico. In the United States the Virginia Opossum is referred to as possum. Virginia Opossums are a dull gray-brown with the exception of their faces which are white.

Virginia Opossums have a shoulder height of 8”-11” (20-28 cm), body length between 14”-19” (36-48 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 4-14 lb (2-6 kg). The tail of the Virginia Opossum is 10”-12” (25-30 cm) in length. Virginia Opossums have a typical lifespan of 2-4 years in the wild and up to 6 years captivity.

Dimensioned side view drawing of the Virginia Opossum with height and length
Virginia Opossum
Height:
8”-11” | 20-28 cm
Width:
Length:
14”-19” | 36-48 cm
Depth:
Weight:
4-14 lb | 2-6 kg
Area:
Tail Length
10”-12” | 25-30 cm
Scientific Name
Didelphis virginiana
Lifespan
2-4 years (wild); up to 6 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Virginia Opossum side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Beetles
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
Scientific Name
Lifespan
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