Description
Description

Polo is a team sport played on horseback, where the objective is to score goals by driving a small ball into the opposing team's goal using a long-handled mallet. Each team typically consists of four riders. The game is played on a large grass field, and matches are divided into periods called chukkas or chukkers. Key skills in polo include horsemanship, mallet handling, strategic thinking, and teamwork. The sport requires players to have a strong bond with their horses, as well as the ability to make quick decisions at high speeds. Scoring is straightforward: each goal scored by hitting the ball into the net counts as one point.

Polo is most popular in countries like Argentina, the United States, the United Kingdom, and parts of the Middle East. Major tournaments include the Argentine Open and the U.S. Open Polo Championship. Polo clubs around the world host regular matches and training sessions, making the sport accessible to a range of skill levels.

History
History

Polo, often referred to as "the sport of kings," has ancient origins, believed to have started in Persia over 2,000 years ago. Initially, it was a training game for cavalry units, particularly the king’s guard. The game spread across Asia, becoming a popular sport among the nobility in Persia, India, and China. In the 19th century, British tea planters in India adopted the sport, subsequently introducing it to England. Polo then spread to the Americas and other parts of the world. Over time, the rules and style of play evolved to the modern game known today, with standardized rules and professional leagues, making it accessible to a broader audience beyond the aristocracy.

Future
Future

Polo is evolving to become more inclusive and accessible. Traditionally viewed as an elite sport, efforts are underway to broaden its appeal. This includes introducing more affordable versions like arena polo, which requires fewer horses and can be played indoors or on smaller fields. Global interest in polo is rising, with countries not traditionally associated with the sport showing increased participation.

The growth of women's polo is also notable, with more female players and dedicated tournaments enhancing diversity in the sport. Technological advancements in gear and broadcasting are making polo more viewer-friendly. These trends suggest a future where polo balances its rich heritage with modern, inclusive approaches, appealing to a wider audience.

Common Questions
Common Questions
What is polo?

Polo is a team sport and is horseback ridden. Polo is a game between two teams of four players each using long mallets pushing a wooden ball down a grass field to score a goal on the opposing team.

How long is a polo match?

A polo match lasts between one and two hours and is divided into chukker (periods) that last seven-and-a-half minutes. A polo match, depending on the tournament setting and whether or not the match goes into overtime, can consist of four to six chukkers.

How big is a polo field?

300 yards long (275m) and 200 yards wide (145m). At the end of the playing field, there are the goalposts on each end, and they require 33 feet (10 m) aside and 98 feet (30 m) behind them for the safety zone.

Sports

* Under Development *

3”-3.5” | 7.6-8.9 cm (Diameter)
3.5-4.5 oz | 99-130 g
Polo Ball
8.900
0.130
250
https://p3d.in/e/P1Sou
GUIDE
3D
Polo BallView of a Polo Ball in 3D available for downloadView of a Polo Ball in 3D available for download
480’ (160 yd) | 146.3 m
900’ (300 yd) | 274.32 m
432,000 ft² | 40,134 m²
Polo Field
14631.000
27432.000
40134.00
250
https://p3d.in/e/Zh630
GUIDE
3D
Polo FieldPerspective view of a 3D model of a Polo FieldPerspective view of a 3D model of a Polo Field
10’ | 3.05 m
24’ | 7.3 m (Inside)
1’ | 30.5 cm (Diameter)
18 oz | .51 kg
Polo Goal
305.000
730.000
30.500
0.510
90
https://p3d.in/e/gw6Cw
GUIDE
3D
Polo GoalPerspective view of a 3D model of a Polo GoalPerspective view of a 3D model of a Polo Goal
9”-9.25” | 228-235 mm (Head)
1.77” | 45 mm (Head Diameter)
50”-53” | 127-135 cm
17.1-19.93 oz | 485-565 g (Overall); 5.6-8.5 oz | 160-240 g (Mallet Head)
Polo Mallet
23.500
4.500
135.000
0.565
450
https://p3d.in/e/HYvL2
GUIDE
3D
Polo MalletPerspective view of a 3D model of a Polo MalletPerspective view of a 3D model of a Polo Mallet
Polo Goal Posts
Elevation illustrations of a Polo Goal with a player on horseback

Polo Goal Posts are used for scoring within the sport of Polo. Polo Goal Posts are tall, collapsible upon impact, and have no crossbar or net. This allows the ball to be hit through the Polo Goal Posts without a height limit. There are 4 Polo Goal Posts used within a game and they are centered at each end of the field. Polo Goal Posts commonly have a foam core and are covered with a heavy-duty vinyl for durability and to protect players or horses in case they crash into them. Polo Goal Posts are available in different colors and can be customized for a team.

Polo Goals have a regulated inside width of 24’ (7.3 m), a typical height of 10’ (3.05 m), and diameter of 1’ (30.5 cm).

Elevation drawings of a Polo Goal showing dimensioned analysis of their length, width and depth
Polo Goal Posts are used for scoring within the sport of Polo. Polo Goal Posts are tall, collapsible upon impact, and have no crossbar or net. This allows the ball to be hit through the Polo Goal Posts without a height limit. There are 4 Polo Goal Posts used within a game and they are centered at ea

Polo Goals have a regulated inside width of 24’ (7.3 m), a typical height of 10’ (3.05 m), and diameter of 1’ (30.5 cm).

Elevation drawings of a Polo Goal showing dimensioned analysis of their length, width and depth
Polo Goal Posts
Height:
10’ | 3.05 m
Width:
24’ | 7.3 m (Inside)
Length:
Depth:
1’ | 30.5 cm (Diameter)
Weight:
18 oz | .51 kg
Area:

Support Stake Depth: 12” | 30.5 cm (In ground)

Color: Red, Blue, Orange, Yellow (varies)
Materials: Wooden dowel support stake; foam Vinyl cover

Drawings include:
Polo Goal front elevation, side, top, back, front (player)

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Polo Field
Scaled illustration of a Polo Field compared to other sports fields

The Polo Field is a vast rectangular field of grass defined by two goal posts on opposing ends for the equestrian sport of Polo. Equivalent to the same size as nine football fields, a Polo Field is meant to be a safe and soft playing field in the case a player or horse falls. At both ends of the polo field are two goal posts for scoring, and they are traditionally painted in a blue, green, or red color with white stripes. During halftime, spectators can participate in a divot stomp and are encouraged to walk onto the field to help fill divots and socialize.

Polo Fields have an overall length of 300 yard (274.32 m) and width of 160 yards (146.31 m) for a total area of 432,000 ft² (40,134 m²). A safety area of 10 yards (9.14 m) should be provided for the sides of the field with a larger safety zone of 30 yards (27.43 m) at the ends. Penalty lines are marked at 30, 40, and 60 yards (27.4, 36.6, 54.9 m).

Dimensioned plan drawing of a Polo Field measured with length, width, and other field markings
The Polo Field is a vast rectangular field of grass defined by two goal posts on opposing ends for the equestrian sport of Polo. Equivalent to the same size as nine football fields, a Polo Field is meant to be a safe and soft playing field in the case a player or horse falls.

Polo Fields have an overall length of 300 yard (274.32 m) and width of 160 yards (146.31 m) for a total area of 432,000 ft² (40,134 m²). A safety area of 10 yards (9.14 m) should be provided for the sides of the field with a larger safety zone of 30 yards (27.43 m) at the ends. Penalty lines are marked at 30, 40, and 60 yards (27.4, 36.6, 54.9 m).

Dimensioned plan drawing of a Polo Field measured with length, width, and other field markings
Polo Field
Height:
Width:
480’ (160 yd) | 146.3 m
Length:
900’ (300 yd) | 274.32 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
432,000 ft² | 40,134 m²

Safety Zone (Side): 30’ (10 yd) | 9.14 m
Safety Zone (End): 90’ (30 yd) | 27.43 m
Penalty Lines: 30, 40, 60 yd | 27.4, 36.6, 54.9 m
Goal Width: 24’ | 7.3m (Inside)
Surface Materials: Natural or artificial turf

Drawings include:
Polo Field plan

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Polo Ball
Scaled comparison drawings of the Polo Ball and other sports balls

The Polo Ball is used to play the sport of Polo and is hit by the player with a mallet. Modern Polo Balls are made from high-impact plastic. Their plastic material makes them less prone to breakage and cheaper in price. Indoor and arena Polo Balls are typically covered in leather.

The ideal Polo Ball is hard and dynamic. When hitting a Polo Ball, players should consider the speed, force, timing, and positioning at which they are hitting the ball. A chipped or broken ball does not stop the game until it is unplayable by both teams. Polo Balls are typically white in color.

Polo Balls have a diameter between 3”-3.5” (7.6-8.9 cm) and circumferences from of 9.42”-11” (23.93-27.94 cm). The mass of a Polo Ball is between 3.5-4.5 oz (99-130 g).

Drawing of a Polo Ball showing dimensioned analysis of the diameter and circumference
The Polo Ball is used to play the sport of Polo and is hit by the player with a mallet. Modern Polo Balls are made from high-impact plastic. Their plastic material makes them less prone to breakage and cheaper in price. Indoor and arena Polo Balls are typically covered in leather.

Polo Balls have a diameter between 3”-3.5” (7.6-8.9 cm) and circumferences from of 9.42”-11” (23.93-27.94 cm). The mass of a Polo Ball is between 3.5-4.5 oz (99-130 g).

Drawing of a Polo Ball showing dimensioned analysis of the diameter and circumference
Polo Ball
Height:
3”-3.5” | 7.6-8.9 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
3.5-4.5 oz | 99-130 g
Area:

Circumference: 9.42”-11” | 23.93-27.94 cm

Materials: High-impact plastic (modern); leather covered cork, hard rubber, bamboo (historically)

Drawings include:
Polo Ball Elevations (various)

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Polo Mallet
Scaled comparison drawings of the Polo Mallet and other sports equipment

A Polo Mallet, also known as a Pallet Stick, is the equipment that is used to hit a ball during a game of Polo. A Polo Ball is hit with the broad sides of the mallet head. The Polo Mallet is made up of a shaft with a grip, a sling to wrap around the thumb, and a cigar-shaped head. The shaft of the Polo Mallet is typically made from cane or composite materials. The head of the Polo Mallet is usually made from tipa, a hardwood. Female players typically use lighter mallets than male players. The length of the mallet varies and depends on the horse.

Polo Mallets have a length of 50”-53” (127-135 cm), head width of 9”-9.25” (228-235 mm), and head diameter of 1.77” (45 mm). The weight of a Polo Mallet is 17.1-19.93 oz (485-565 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Polo Mallet measured with length, width and depth
A Polo Mallet, also known as a Pallet Stick, is the equipment that is used to hit a ball during a game of Polo. A Polo Ball is hit with the broad sides of the mallet head. The Polo Mallet is made up of a shaft with a grip, a sling to wrap around the thumb, and a cigar-shaped head.

Polo Mallets have a length of 50”-53” (127-135 cm), head width of 9”-9.25” (228-235 mm), and head diameter of 1.77” (45 mm). The weight of a Polo Mallet is 17.1-19.93 oz (485-565 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Polo Mallet measured with length, width and depth
Polo Mallet
Height:
Width:
9”-9.25” | 228-235 mm (Head)
Length:
50”-53” | 127-135 cm
Depth:
1.77” | 45 mm (Head Diameter)
Weight:
17.1-19.93 oz | 485-565 g (Overall); 5.6-8.5 oz | 160-240 g (Mallet Head)
Area:

Materials: Cane shaft; rubber grip; wooden head

Drawings include:
Polo Mallet Elevations (various)

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