Polo is a team sport where individuals who ride horseback attempt to knock a small ball into the opposing teams goal. Originating from the middle ages, polo is one of the world’s earliest team sports and was designed to train cavalry units in Persia. Played on a field nine times the size of a football field, two teams of four individuals ride horseback and use long wooden mallets to strike a small plastic ball into the opposing goal. Polo is played throughout the world, yet is often played by nobility such as the Royal British princes William and Harry.

What is polo?

Polo is a team sport and is horseback ridden. Polo is a game between two teams of four players each using long mallets pushing a wooden ball down a grass field to score a goal on the opposing team.

How long is a polo match?

A polo match lasts between one and two hours and is divided into chukker (periods) that last seven-and-a-half minutes. A polo match, depending on the tournament setting and whether or not the match goes into overtime, can consist of four to six chukkers.

How big is a polo field?

300 yards long (275m) and 200 yards wide (145m). At the end of the playing field, there are the goalposts on each end, and they require 33 feet (10 m) aside and 98 feet (30 m) behind them for the safety zone.

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Polo Ball
Scaled comparison drawings of the Polo Ball and other sports balls

The Polo Ball is used to play the sport of Polo and is hit by the player with a mallet. Modern Polo Balls are made from high-impact plastic. Their plastic material makes them less prone to breakage and cheaper in price. Indoor and arena Polo Balls are typically covered in leather.

The ideal Polo Ball is hard and dynamic. When hitting a Polo Ball, players should consider the speed, force, timing, and positioning at which they are hitting the ball. A chipped or broken ball does not stop the game until it is unplayable by both teams. Polo Balls are typically white in color.

Polo Balls have a diameter between 3”-3.5” (7.6-8.9 cm) and circumferences from of 9.42”-11” (23.93-27.94 cm). The mass of a Polo Ball is between 3.5-4.5 oz (99-130 g).

Drawing of a Polo Ball showing dimensioned analysis of the diameter and circumference
The Polo Ball is used to play the sport of Polo and is hit by the player with a mallet. Modern Polo Balls are made from high-impact plastic. Their plastic material makes them less prone to breakage and cheaper in price. Indoor and arena Polo Balls are typically covered in leather.

Polo Balls have a diameter between 3”-3.5” (7.6-8.9 cm) and circumferences from of 9.42”-11” (23.93-27.94 cm). The mass of a Polo Ball is between 3.5-4.5 oz (99-130 g).

Drawing of a Polo Ball showing dimensioned analysis of the diameter and circumference
Polo Ball
Height:
3”-3.5” | 7.6-8.9 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
3.5-4.5 oz | 99-130 g
Area:

Circumference: 9.42”-11” | 23.93-27.94 cm

Materials: High-impact plastic (modern); leather covered cork, hard rubber, bamboo (historically)

Drawings include:
Polo Ball Elevations (various)

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Polo Field
Scaled illustration of a Polo Field compared to other sports fields

The Polo Field is a vast rectangular field of grass defined by two goal posts on opposing ends for the equestrian sport of Polo. Equivalent to the same size as nine football fields, a Polo Field is meant to be a safe and soft playing field in the case a player or horse falls. At both ends of the polo field are two goal posts for scoring, and they are traditionally painted in a blue, green, or red color with white stripes. During halftime, spectators can participate in a divot stomp and are encouraged to walk onto the field to help fill divots and socialize.

Polo Fields have an overall length of 300 yard (274.32 m) and width of 160 yards (146.31 m) for a total area of 432,000 ft² (40,134 m²). A safety area of 10 yards (9.14 m) should be provided for the sides of the field with a larger safety zone of 30 yards (27.43 m) at the ends. Penalty lines are marked at 30, 40, and 60 yards (27.4, 36.6, 54.9 m).

Dimensioned plan drawing of a Polo Field measured with length, width, and other field markings
The Polo Field is a vast rectangular field of grass defined by two goal posts on opposing ends for the equestrian sport of Polo. Equivalent to the same size as nine football fields, a Polo Field is meant to be a safe and soft playing field in the case a player or horse falls.

Polo Fields have an overall length of 300 yard (274.32 m) and width of 160 yards (146.31 m) for a total area of 432,000 ft² (40,134 m²). A safety area of 10 yards (9.14 m) should be provided for the sides of the field with a larger safety zone of 30 yards (27.43 m) at the ends. Penalty lines are marked at 30, 40, and 60 yards (27.4, 36.6, 54.9 m).

Dimensioned plan drawing of a Polo Field measured with length, width, and other field markings
Polo Field
Height:
Width:
480’ (160 yd) | 146.3 m
Length:
900’ (300 yd) | 274.32 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
432,000 ft² | 40,134 m²

Safety Zone (Side): 30’ (10 yd) | 9.14 m
Safety Zone (End): 90’ (30 yd) | 27.43 m
Penalty Lines: 30, 40, 60 yd | 27.4, 36.6, 54.9 m
Goal Width: 24’ | 7.3m (Inside)
Surface Materials: Natural or artificial turf

Drawings include:
Polo Field plan

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Polo Goal Posts
Elevation illustrations of a Polo Goal with a player on horseback

Polo Goal Posts are used for scoring within the sport of Polo. Polo Goal Posts are tall, collapsible upon impact, and have no crossbar or net. This allows the ball to be hit through the Polo Goal Posts without a height limit. There are 4 Polo Goal Posts used within a game and they are centered at each end of the field. Polo Goal Posts commonly have a foam core and are covered with a heavy-duty vinyl for durability and to protect players or horses in case they crash into them. Polo Goal Posts are available in different colors and can be customized for a team.

Polo Goals have a regulated inside width of 24’ (7.3 m), a typical height of 10’ (3.05 m), and diameter of 1’ (30.5 cm).

Elevation drawings of a Polo Goal showing dimensioned analysis of their length, width and depth
Polo Goal Posts are used for scoring within the sport of Polo. Polo Goal Posts are tall, collapsible upon impact, and have no crossbar or net. This allows the ball to be hit through the Polo Goal Posts without a height limit. There are 4 Polo Goal Posts used within a game and they are centered at ea

Polo Goals have a regulated inside width of 24’ (7.3 m), a typical height of 10’ (3.05 m), and diameter of 1’ (30.5 cm).

Elevation drawings of a Polo Goal showing dimensioned analysis of their length, width and depth
Polo Goal Posts
Height:
10’ | 3.05 m
Width:
24’ | 7.3 m (Inside)
Length:
Depth:
1’ | 30.5 cm (Diameter)
Weight:
18 oz | .51 kg
Area:

Support Stake Depth: 12” | 30.5 cm (In ground)

Color: Red, Blue, Orange, Yellow (varies)
Materials: Wooden dowel support stake; foam Vinyl cover

Drawings include:
Polo Goal front elevation, side, top, back, front (player)

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Polo Mallet
Scaled comparison drawings of the Polo Mallet and other sports equipment

A Polo Mallet, also known as a Pallet Stick, is the equipment that is used to hit a ball during a game of Polo. A Polo Ball is hit with the broad sides of the mallet head. The Polo Mallet is made up of a shaft with a grip, a sling to wrap around the thumb, and a cigar-shaped head. The shaft of the Polo Mallet is typically made from cane or composite materials. The head of the Polo Mallet is usually made from tipa, a hardwood. Female players typically use lighter mallets than male players. The length of the mallet varies and depends on the horse.

Polo Mallets have a length of 50”-53” (127-135 cm), head width of 9”-9.25” (228-235 mm), and head diameter of 1.77” (45 mm). The weight of a Polo Mallet is 17.1-19.93 oz (485-565 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Polo Mallet measured with length, width and depth
A Polo Mallet, also known as a Pallet Stick, is the equipment that is used to hit a ball during a game of Polo. A Polo Ball is hit with the broad sides of the mallet head. The Polo Mallet is made up of a shaft with a grip, a sling to wrap around the thumb, and a cigar-shaped head.

Polo Mallets have a length of 50”-53” (127-135 cm), head width of 9”-9.25” (228-235 mm), and head diameter of 1.77” (45 mm). The weight of a Polo Mallet is 17.1-19.93 oz (485-565 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Polo Mallet measured with length, width and depth
Polo Mallet
Height:
Width:
9”-9.25” | 228-235 mm (Head)
Length:
50”-53” | 127-135 cm
Depth:
1.77” | 45 mm (Head Diameter)
Weight:
17.1-19.93 oz | 485-565 g (Overall); 5.6-8.5 oz | 160-240 g (Mallet Head)
Area:

Materials: Cane shaft; rubber grip; wooden head

Drawings include:
Polo Mallet Elevations (various)

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