Combat Sports

A combat sport is one where athletes compete against each other by being tasked with disabling or overcoming the opponent through competitive contact. Combat sports include a variety of formal styles with differing rules ranging from boxing and fencing to judo, wrestling, and many more types of martial arts. Combat sports dates back to 2000BC in ancient Egypt where casual combat was used for the overall entertainment of the public. The popularity of modern combat sport has grown to also include female combatants and is now augmented with specialized training provided by sophisticated sporting equipment. Combat sports help to improve focus, confidence, perseverance, physical activity, and will improve a person's self-defense and conflict resolution skills.

Combat Sports Guides
Browse through our curated Combat Sports Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Combat Sports. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Combat Sports

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6’8” | 2.03 m
514 lb | 233 kg
May 8, 1969
Akebono Tarō
203.000
233.000
1969.00
40000
3D
Akebono Tarō
5’8” | 1.73 m
May 30, 1988
Amanda Nunes
173.000
1988.00
108000
3D
Amanda Nunes
6’2” | 1.88 m
April 14, 1975
Anderson Silva
188.000
1975.00
108000
3D
Anderson Silva
655 ft2 | 60.9 m2
Boxing Ring
3D
Boxing Ring
5’9” | 1.75 m
July 18, 1990
Canelo Álvarez
175.000
1990.00
109000
3D
Canelo Álvarez
6’0” | 1.83 m
278 lb | 126 kg
June 1, 1955
Chiyonofuji Mitsugu
183.000
126.000
1955.00
5700
3D
Chiyonofuji Mitsugu
6’2” | 1.88 m
December 17, 1969
Chuck Liddell
188.000
1969.00
50000
3D
Chuck Liddell
5’9” | 1.75 m
July 14, 1988
Conor McGregor
175.000
1988.00
789000
3D
Conor McGregor
5’8” | 1.73 m
July 9, 1985
Cris Cyborg
173.000
1985.00
81000
3D
Cris Cyborg
5’9” | 1.75 m
150 lb | 68 kg
October 25, 1948
Dan Gable
175.000
68.000
1948.00
11000
3D
Dan Gable
5’11” | 1.80 m
March 20, 1979
Daniel Cormier
180.000
1979.00
114000
3D
Daniel Cormier
5’8” | 1.73 m
163 lb | 74 kg
June 6, 1959
Dave Schultz
173.000
74.000
1959.00
9000
3D
Dave Schultz
6’2.5” | 1.89 m
October 19, 1962
Evander Holyfield
189.000
1962.00
61000
3D
Evander Holyfield
4.73” | 12 cm (Handguard)
43.31” | 110 cm
17.63 oz | 500 g (Max)
Fencing Foil
12.000
110.000
0.500
4700
https://p3d.in/e/g9DoJ
3D
Fencing FoilView of a Fencing Foil in 3D available for downloadView of a Fencing Foil in 3D available for download
.375” | 10 mm
4.92’-6.56’ | 1.5-2 m (Contest)
45.93’ | 14 m (Contest)
21-28 ft² | 2-2.6 m²
Fencing Piste
1.000
200.000
1400.000
2.60
100
https://p3d.in/e/JOie8
3D
Fencing PistePerspective view of a 3D model of a Fencing PistePerspective view of a 3D model of a Fencing Piste
19.69” | 50 cm
4.92’-6.56’ | 1.5-2 m (Contest)
45.93’ | 14 m (Contest)
21-28 ft² | 2-2.6 m² (Contest)
Fencing Piste - Raised
50.000
200.000
1400.000
2.60
100
https://p3d.in/e/eP4F0
3D
Fencing Piste - RaisedPerspective view of a 3D model of a Fencing Piste (Raised Final Strip)Perspective view of a 3D model of a Fencing Piste (Raised Final Strip)
5.5” | 14 cm (Handguard)
5.9” | 15 cm (Handguard)
41.34” | 105 cm
17.63 oz | 500 g (Max)
Fencing Sabre
14.000
15.000
105.000
0.500
3300
https://p3d.in/e/wNv2i
3D
Fencing SabrePerspective view of a 3D model of a Fencing SabrePerspective view of a 3D model of a Fencing Sabre
5.31” | 13.5 cm (Handguard)
43.31” | 110 cm
27.34 oz | 775 g (Max)
Fencing Épée
13.500
110.000
0.775
1200
https://p3d.in/e/28qJC
3D
Fencing Épée3D model of a Fencing Épée viewed in perspective3D model of a Fencing Épée viewed in perspective
5’8” | 1.73 m
February 24, 1977
Floyd Mayweather Jr
173.000
1977.00
242000
3D
Floyd Mayweather Jr
6’3” | 1.91 m
January 10, 1949
George Foreman
191.000
1949.00
88000
3D
George Foreman
6’4” | 1.93 m
333 lb | 151 kg
March 11, 1985
Hakuhō Shō
193.000
151.000
1985.00
22000
3D
Hakuhō Shō
5’8” | 1.73 m
October 17, 1981
Holly Holm
173.000
1981.00
102000
3D
Holly Holm
6’.5” | 1.84 m
March 31, 1878
Jack Johnson
184.000
1878.00
74000
3D
Jack Johnson
5’6” | 1.68 m
August 18, 1987
Joanna Jędrzejczyk
168.000
1987.00
63000
3D
Joanna Jędrzejczyk
5’11.5” | 1.82 m
January 12, 1944
Joe Frazier
182.000
1944.00
40000
3D
Joe Frazier
6’7” | 2.01 m
467 lb | 212 kg
June 22, 1963
John Tenta (Earthquake)
201.000
212.000
1963.00
6600
3D
John Tenta (Earthquake)
Jon Jones
290000
6’4” | 1.93 m
July 19, 1987
Jon Jones
193.000
1987.00
290000
3D
Jon Jones
1.5”-2” | 38.1-50.8 mm
26.25’-32.8’ | 8-10 m (Contest)
26.25’-32.8’ | 8-10 m (Contest)
689-1076 ft² | 64-100 m² (Contest)
Judo Competition Area
5.080
1000.000
1000.000
100.00
10
https://p3d.in/e/58gz4
3D
Judo Competition Area3D model of a Judo Competition Area viewed in perspective3D model of a Judo Competition Area viewed in perspective
2”-4” | 50.8-101.6 mm
26.25’ | 8 m (Contest)
26.25’ | 8 m (Contest)
689 ft² | 64 m² (Contest)
Karate Competition Area
10.160
800.000
800.000
64.00
50
https://p3d.in/e/7PotE
3D
Karate Competition AreaView of a Karate Competition Area in 3D available for downloadView of a Karate Competition Area in 3D available for download
2”-4” | 50.8-101.6 mm
26.25’ | 8 m (Contest)
26.25’ | 8 m (Contest)
689 ft² | 64 m² (Contest)
Karate Competition Area - Judge Zone
10.160
800.000
800.000
64.00
50
https://p3d.in/e/MxY0A
3D
Karate Competition Area - Judge ZonePerspective view of a 3D model of a Karate Competition Area with Judge zonePerspective view of a 3D model of a Karate Competition Area with Judge zone
5’10” | 1.78 m
181 lb | 82 kg
November 25, 1964
Kevin Jackson
178.000
82.000
1964.00
7300
3D
Kevin Jackson
5’10” | 1.78 m
September 20, 1988
Khabib Nurmagomedov
178.000
1988.00
160000
3D
Khabib Nurmagomedov
6’.5” | 1.84 m
633 lb | 287 kg
December 31, 1963
Konishiki Yasokichi
184.000
287.000
1963.00
8200
3D
Konishiki Yasokichi
6’0” | 1.83 m
220 lb | 100 kg
December 9, 1968
Kurt Angle
183.000
100.000
1968.00
86000
3D
Kurt Angle
6’5” | 1.96 m
September 2, 1965
Lennox Lewis
196.000
1965.00
45000
3D
Lennox Lewis
5’6” | 1.68 m
December 17, 1978
Manny Pacquiao
168.000
1978.00
11100
3D
Manny Pacquiao
5’10” | 1.78 m
June 30, 1966
Mike Tyson
178.000
1966.00
331000
3D
Mike Tyson
6’3” | 1.91 m
January 17, 1942
Muhammad Ali
191.000
1942.00
303000
3D
Muhammad Ali
5’10.5” | 1.79 m
February 4, 1973
Oscar De La Hoya
179.000
1973.00
49000
3D
Oscar De La Hoya
8’ | 243.8 cm (Top Rope)
20’ | 6.1 m
20’ | 6.1 m
400 ft² | 37.2 m²
Professional Wrestling Ring
243.800
610.000
610.000
37.21
7800
https://p3d.in/e/ZqL2B
3D
Professional Wrestling Ring3D model of a Professional Wrestling Ring viewed in perspective3D model of a Professional Wrestling Ring viewed in perspective
5’7” | 1.70 m
February 1, 1987
Ronda Rousey
170.000
1987.00
420000
3D
Ronda Rousey
6’4” | 1.93 m
August 19, 1982
Stipe Miocic
193.000
1982.00
80000
3D
Stipe Miocic
13.4”-23.6” | 34-60 cm
14.93’ | 4.55 m (Diameter)
14.93’ | 4.55 m (Diameter)
175 ft² | 16.26 m² (Dohyō)
Sumo Dohyō
60.000
455.000
455.000
16.26
160
https://p3d.in/e/U5xA4
3D
Sumo DohyōPerspective view of a 3D model of a Sumo Dohyō | Sumo RingPerspective view of a 3D model of a Sumo Dohyō | Sumo Ring
.75”-1” | 19.1-25.4 mm
26.25’ | 8 m (Contest)
26.25’ | 8 m (Contest)
689 ft² | 64 m² (Contest)
Taekwondo Competition Area
2.540
800.000
800.000
64.00
35
https://p3d.in/e/Kmylg
3D
Taekwondo Competition AreaView of a Taekwondo Competition Area in 3D available for downloadView of a Taekwondo Competition Area in 3D available for download
23.62”-39.37” | 60-100 cm
26.25’ | 8 m (Contest)
26.25’ | 8 m (Contest)
689 ft² | 64 m² (Contest)
Taekwondo Competition Area - Platform
100.000
800.000
800.000
64.00
35
https://p3d.in/e/dJ7c4
3D
Taekwondo Competition Area - Platform3D model of a Taekwondo Competition Area Platform viewed in perspective3D model of a Taekwondo Competition Area Platform viewed in perspective
6’1.5” | 1.87 m
337 lb | 153 kg
May 29, 1940
Taihō Kōki
187.000
153.000
1940.00
5700
3D
Taihō Kōki
6’9” | 2.06 m
August 12, 1988
Tyson Fury
206.000
1988.00
287000
3D
Tyson Fury
5’9”-6’ | 1.75-1.83 m (Fence)
30’ | 9.14 m
30’ | 9.14 m
750 ft² | 69.7 m² (Contest)
UFC Octagon
183.000
914.000
914.000
69.70
1100
https://p3d.in/e/HfMI2
3D
UFC OctagonPerspective view of a 3D model of a UFC OctagonPerspective view of a 3D model of a UFC Octagon
5’5” | 1.65 m
March 7, 1988
Valentina Shevchenko
165.000
1988.00
75000
3D
Valentina Shevchenko
1.25”-2” | 31.8-50.8 mm
29.53’ | 9 m (Diameter)
29.53’ | 9 m (Diameter)
684 ft² | 63.5 m² (Contest)
Wrestling Mat
5.080
900.000
900.000
63.50
5500
https://p3d.in/e/VxxuP
3D
Wrestling Mat3D model of a Wrestling Mat viewed in perspective3D model of a Wrestling Mat viewed in perspective
Akebono Tarō
Set of scaled height illustrations of various sumo wrestlers compared to Akebono Tarō

While other sumo wrestlers only hold titles in sumo wrestling, Akebono Tarō, the American-born former professional sumo wrestler, also has professional wrestling titles. Born Chadwick Haheo Rowan, he rose to fame and ranking swiftly after joining sumo wrestling in 1988 thanks to the training of Takamiyama. Akebono is the first non-Japanese wrestler to reach yokozuna. He possesses eleven titles, with eight tournament champions won while still a yokozuna. As a professional wrestler, he was signed with the All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW), winning the World Tag Team Champion, Triple Crown Heavyweight Champion, All Asia Tag Team Champion twice, and the 2015 Champion Carnival.

Akebono Tarō has a height of 6’8” (2.03 m) and wrestled at a weight of 514 lb (233 kg).

Collection of drawings of Akebono Tarō measured with overall height
While other sumo wrestlers only hold titles in sumo wrestling, Akebono Tarō, the American-born former professional sumo wrestler, also has professional wrestling titles. Born Chadwick Haheo Rowan, he rose to fame and ranking swiftly after joining sumo wrestling in 1988.

Akebono Tarō has a height of 6’8” (2.03 m) and wrestled at a weight of 514 lb (233 kg).

Collection of drawings of Akebono Tarō measured with overall height
Akebono Tarō
Height:
6’8” | 2.03 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
514 lb | 233 kg
Area:

Nationality: United States

Years Active: 1988-2001

Birthday
May 8, 1969

Drawings include:
Akebono Tarō standing, stance, wrestling

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Jack Johnson
Scaled height comparison drawings of Jack Johnson compared to other boxers

Jack Johnson was probably the first world heavyweight boxing champion of African American origin. As a boxing legend, John Arthur Johnson was nicknamed the “Galveston Giant” and won seventy matches in his boxing career. At one time, he fought boxing abroad to avoid serving prison sentences. His boxing style was defensive, leaving the opponent to tire first and then becoming offensive as the fight continues. He also preferred not to win on knockout but punishing opponents with strikes and blows through the rounds. He is also among legendary boxers admitted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame and the disbanded Boxing Hall of Fame of The Ring magazine.

Jack Johnson boxed in the Heavyweight weight class at a height of 6’ 1/2” (1.84 m). Jack Johnson had a reach of 6’2” (1.88 m) and fought with an Orthodox stance.

Set of illustrations of Jack Johnson in various boxing poses measured with overall height
Jack Johnson was probably the first world heavyweight boxing champion of African American origin. As a boxing legend, John Arthur Johnson was nicknamed the “Galveston Giant” and won seventy matches in his boxing career. At one time, he fought boxing abroad to avoid serving prison sentences.

Jack Johnson boxed in the Heavyweight weight class at a height of 6’ 1/2” (1.84 m). Jack Johnson had a reach of 6’2” (1.88 m) and fought with an Orthodox stance.

Set of illustrations of Jack Johnson in various boxing poses measured with overall height
Jack Johnson
Height:
6’.5” | 1.84 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Stance: Orthodox

Weight Class: Heavyweight

Reach: 6’2” | 1.88 m

Years Active: 1897-1931

Death: June 10, 1946

Birthday
March 31, 1878

Drawings include:
Jack Johnson standing, punching

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Dave Schultz
Scaled height comparison drawings of Dave Schultz compared to other amateur wrestlers

Dave Schultz was an American wrestler and a 7-time world and Olympic Gold medalist. He won 10 Senior Wrestling National titles over the span of 19 years at 3 different weight divisions. Dave Schultz was an assistant coach at the University of Oklahoma, Stanford University, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In addition to coaching college teams, he also coached teams privately. Dave Schultz was tragically murdered by John Eleuthère du Pont in 1996 at the age of 36. After his death his wife founded the Dave Schultz Wrestling Club which trained and sponsored Wrestling athletes until its closing in 2005.

Dave Schultz had a height of 5’8” (1.73 m) and wrestled at a weight of 163 lb (74 kg).

Set of illustrations of Dave Schultz in various wrestling poses measured with overall height
Dave Schultz was an American wrestler and a 7-time world and Olympic Gold medalist. He won 10 Senior Wrestling National titles over the span of 19 years at 3 different weight divisions. Dave Schultz was an assistant coach for colleges while also coaching privately.

Dave Schultz had a height of 5’8” (1.73 m) and wrestled at a weight of 163 lb (74 kg).

Set of illustrations of Dave Schultz in various wrestling poses measured with overall height
Dave Schultz
Height:
5’8” | 1.73 m
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
163 lb | 74 kg
Area:

Nationality: United States

Years Active: 1980-1995

Death: January 26, 1996

Birthday
June 6, 1959

Drawings include:
Dave Schultz standing, stance, wrestling

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Fencing Piste
Scaled side elevation illustration the Fencing Piste with fencers and measurements

The Fencing Field of Play, known as the piste, is used for fencing matches and training either in groups or individually. The different types of pistes include rubber conductive pistes, aluminum section pistes, and metallic pistes. Five lines are drawn clearly at right angles and a centerline cuts across the whole width with each side of the centerline having two en-garde lines on each of the center.

At the rear limits are two lines with clearly distinguishing colors to make the fencers aware of their position on the piste. Each fencer will stand 4 cm apart on guard lines after each touch. If the lines are not available, fencers can stand apart where the blades touch when they extend fully to both ends.

Fencing Pistes have an overall competition length of 45.93’ (14 m) and width between 4.92’-6.56’ (1.5-2 m). Fencing en-garde lines are 78.75” (2 m) from the center and warning zones are 78.75” (2 m) from the end of the piste. The total contest area of a Fencing Piste is 21-28 ft² (2-2.6 m²).

Top view drawing of a Fencing Piste measured with length and width
The Fencing Field of Play, known as the piste, is used for fencing matches and training either in groups or individually. The different types of pistes include rubber conductive pistes, aluminum section pistes, and metallic pistes. Five lines are on the piste to differentiate zones.

Fencing Pistes have an overall competition length of 45.93’ (14 m) and width between 4.92’-6.56’ (1.5-2 m). Fencing en-garde lines are 78.75” (2 m) from the center and warning zones are 78.75” (2 m) from the end of the piste. The total contest area of a Fencing Piste is 21-28 ft² (2-2.6 m²).

Top view drawing of a Fencing Piste measured with length and width
Fencing Piste
Height:
.375” | 10 mm
Width:
4.92’-6.56’ | 1.5-2 m (Contest)
Length:
45.93’ | 14 m (Contest)
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
21-28 ft² | 2-2.6 m²

En-garde Lines: 78.75” | 2 m (from center)
Warning Zones: 78.75” | 2 m (from end)
Runoff Extension: 59”-78.75” | 1.5-2 m
Safety Border: 9.84” | 25 cm
Side Clearance: 9.84’ | 3 m
End Clearance: 13.12’ | 4 m
Overall Area (Clearance): 2378 ft² | 221 m²
Surface Materials: Rubber conductive, aluminum sections, or woven metal

Drawings include:
Fencing Piste plan, elevation (fencers)

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Professional Wrestling Ring
Elevation drawing of a Professional Wrestling Ring with pro wrestlers and dimensions

The Professional Wrestling Ring is a sports construction used by professional wrestlers for a variety of wrestling match types. A wrestling ring construction consists primarily of a wood and plank stage that is covered by canvas mat and foam padding or shock-absorbing material, and high steel beam.

There are ring ropes around the ring held up by turnbuckles and not tethered together. The traditional professional wrestling ring is four-sided, but there are also six-sided rings with opponents standing on either end of the ring or in the middle while striking or grappling. Professional wrestling rings are mainly for indoor wrestling events, but there are also those portable once used outdoors.

Professional Wrestling Rings have a length and width inside the ropes of 20’ (6.1 m) for a total area of 400 ft² (37.2 m²). The ring has an outer apron of 1’ (30.5 cm) and mat height of 40” (101.6 cm). The height of the top rope of a Pro Wrestling Ring is 8' (243.8 cm) and the ropes are spaced 18" (45.7 cm) apart.

Dimensioned plan drawing of a Professional Wrestling Ring measured with length and width
The Professional Wrestling Ring is a sports construction used by professional wrestlers for a variety of wrestling match types. A wrestling ring construction consists primarily of a wood and plank stage that is covered by canvas mat and foam padding or shock-absorbing material, and high steel beam.

Professional Wrestling Rings have a length and width inside the ropes of 20’ (6.1 m) for a total area of 400 ft² (37.2 m²). The ring has an outer apron of 1’ (30.5 cm) and mat height of 40” (101.6 cm). The height of the top rope of a Pro Wrestling Ring is 8' (243.8 cm) and the ropes are spaced 18" (45.7 cm) apart.

Dimensioned plan drawing of a Professional Wrestling Ring measured with length and width
Professional Wrestling Ring
Height:
8’ | 243.8 cm (Top Rope)
Width:
20’ | 6.1 m
Length:
20’ | 6.1 m
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
400 ft² | 37.2 m²

Mat Height: 40” | 101.6 cm
Rope Spacing: 18” | 45.7 cm
Rope Thickness: 1”-1.5” | 2.5-3.8 cm
Post Diameter: 6” | 15.2 cm
Ring Apron Width: 1’ | 30.5 cm
Overall Area: 484 ft² | 45 m²
Surface Materials: Wood plank structure; foam padding; canvas cover; fiber rope with tape wrap or steel cable with rubber case; padded turnbuckles

Birthday

Drawings include:
Professional Wrestling Ring plan, side elevation (wrestlers)

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