Horses | Horse Breeds

Horses are odd-toed ungulate mammals that have been widely domesticated by humans since about 4000 BC. Due to this long history of domestication, only one true species of wild horse remains with other wild horse breeds actually existing as feral colonies of once domesticated horses. A pack animal, horses roam in herds of mares (females) and foals (young horses) led by a stallion (a mature male). Having spent years with running as the primary form of defense for these herbivores, horses are able to walk and run shortly after being born. Horses have been bred and domesticated for many reasons over the years such as working, racing, and riding.

How long do horses live?

Horses have an average lifespan of 25 to 30 years, and are able to live beyond that age with good care. The life expectancy of a horse has continued to increase over the years with improving veterinary care. Larger horses like draft breeds typically do not live as long as smaller breeds like Arabians.

What do horses eat?

Horses are herbivores and their diet consist of pasture, hay, concentrates as well as treats. Horses tend to graze all day long, and consume many small meals. The concentrates in a horse’s diet are grains like oats, barley and corn, and provide additional nutrition for working, older, young, or pregnant horses.

How fast do horses run?

Horses are able to run at the average speed of 30 miles (48.2 kilometers) per hour. The fastest speed of a racehorse on record was reported at 43.97 miles (70.76 kilometers) per hour and was accomplished by the horse named Winning Brew in 2008.

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Horses

Miniature Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
3D
Shetland Pony
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
3D
Haflinger Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
3D
Arabian Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
3D
Morgan Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
3D
Andalusian Horse
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
3D
Appaloosa Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Paint Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
3D
Quarter Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Friesian Horse
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
3D
Thoroughbred
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
3D
Clydesdale Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
3D

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Haflinger Horse
Scale illustration of an average Haflinger Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Haflinger Horse, also known as the Avelignese, is a horse breed established towards the end of the 19th century in Austria and Northern Italy. Haflinger Horses are very small, mostly flax-male and tail-male chestnut and have strong-defined smooth gaits, and still elegantly stirred.

The race's head and light poll are streamlined. The neck is average in length from their slopped shoulders and deep chest. The back is medium-length and gently sloping and strongly muscled. Haflinger Horses are used for several specific reasons, including light shooting, harness, and numerous sports such as fitness, dressage, horse-drawn sailing, and counsel riding.

Haflinger Horses have a shoulder height of 13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1300 lb (363-590 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Haflinger Horses have a Chestnut coat color.

Collection of scaled drawings of Haflinger Horse in various poses
The Haflinger Horse, also known as the Avelignese, is a horse breed established towards the end of the 19th century in Austria and Northern Italy. Haflinger Horses are very small, mostly flax-male and tail-male chestnut and have strong-defined smooth gaits, and still elegantly stirred.

Haflinger Horses have a shoulder height of 13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1300 lb (363-590 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Haflinger Horses have a Chestnut coat color.

Collection of scaled drawings of Haflinger Horse in various poses
Haflinger Horse
Height:
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Chestnut
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Haflinger Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Shetland Pony
Comparison illustration of the size of a Shetland Pony to a typical person

The Shetland Pony is a Scottish pony breed from the northern Scotland Shetland Islands. Shetland Ponies can be almost any color, like skewbald and pinto, but they are mostly black, chestnut, bay, brown, palomino, dun, roan, and silver. They have a heavy coating and short legs and are regarded as very smart. Their size is strong and used for riding, driving, and packaging purposes. Shetland Ponies are sweet, well-tempered, and by definition very knowledgeable. They make nice children's ponies, and often they are considered to have a "brave" heart.

Shetland Ponies have a shoulder height of 7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm), an overall weight in the range of 400-450 lb (181-204 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Shetland Ponies have coat colors that include bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, and various types of roan.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Shetland Pony
The Shetland Pony is a Scottish pony breed from the northern Scotland Shetland Islands. Shetland Ponies can be almost any color, like skewbald and pinto, but they are mostly black, chestnut, bay, brown, palomino, dun, roan, and silver. They have a heavy coating, short legs and are regarded as smart.

Shetland Ponies have a shoulder height of 7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm), an overall weight in the range of 400-450 lb (181-204 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Shetland Ponies have coat colors that include bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, and various types of roan.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Shetland Pony
Shetland Pony
Height:
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
400-450 lb | 181-204 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, roan
Lifespan
30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Shetland Pony side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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American Quarter Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the American Quarter Horse compared to an average person

The Quarter Horse is an American horse breed that excels in short-distance sprinting, they were bred in Iberia and then brought to what is now the Southeastern United States. Its name is based on the ability to surpass other horse breeds in a quarter mile or less, some clocked with speeds of up to 50 miles per hour.

The American Quarter Horse has a lightweight body ideally built to conduct complicated and swift actions, particularly in reining, chopping, working cow horse, barrel racing, calf roping, and other western riding activities. The American Quarter Horse is also used in English driving, exhibition jumping, dressage, hunting, etc.

American Quarter Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1250 lb (408-567 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Quarter Horses have a broad range of coat colors including bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, and sorrel.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the American Quarter Horse
The Quarter Horse is an American horse breed that excels in short-distance sprinting, they were bred in Iberia and then brought to what is now the Southeastern United States. Its name is based on the ability to surpass other horse breeds in a quarter mile or less, some with speeds of up to 50 mph.

American Quarter Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1250 lb (408-567 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Quarter Horses have a broad range of coat colors including bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, and sorrel.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the American Quarter Horse
American Quarter Horse
Height:
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1250 lb | 408-567 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, sorrel
Lifespan
25-35 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Quarter Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Thoroughbred Horse
Scale illustration of an average Thoroughbred Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses are categorized as the "hot-blooded" types, which are horse breeds for specific stamina, endurance, and agility events. Thoroughbred Horses of good quality have a smooth head on their long neck, high withers, deep chest, short back, good hindquarter depth, a lean bodily, and long legs. Most of the time, they are bay, dark bay or brown, brown, black, or gray.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
Thoroughbred Horse
Height:
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, white
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Thoroughbred Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Andalusian Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Andalusian Horse compared to an average person

The Andalusian Horse is a breed from the Iberian Peninsula and is also known as Pure Spanish Horse, where its forefathers lived for thousands of years. Andalusian Horses have long, thick manes and tails, strongly built and compact yet elegant.

The Andalusian Horse is sleek and heavy, and their most common color is gray, even though many other colors have been spotted on them. Their intellect, feeling, and docility are well recognized. The species have medium-length heads that are straight or slightly convex, also their necks are long and wide, with a definite back and a massive chest.

Andalusian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1200 lb (408-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25 years. Andalusian Horses have coat colors of gray (common), bay, black, and chestnut.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Andalusian Horse
The Andalusian Horse is a breed from the Iberian Peninsula and is also known as Pure Spanish Horse, where its forefathers lived for thousands of years. Andalusian Horses have long, thick manes and tails, strongly built and compact yet elegant.

Andalusian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1200 lb (408-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25 years. Andalusian Horses have coat colors of gray (common), bay, black, and chestnut.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Andalusian Horse
Andalusian Horse
Height:
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1200 lb | 408-544 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Gray (common), bay, black, chestnut
Lifespan
25 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Andalusian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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