Horses | Horse Breeds

Horses are odd-toed ungulate mammals that have been widely domesticated by humans since about 4000 BC. Due to this long history of domestication, only one true species of wild horse remains with other wild horse breeds actually existing as feral colonies of once domesticated horses. A pack animal, horses roam in herds of mares (females) and foals (young horses) led by a stallion (a mature male). Having spent years with running as the primary form of defense for these herbivores, horses are able to walk and run shortly after being born. Horses have been bred and domesticated for many reasons over the years such as working, racing, and riding.

How long do horses live?

Horses have an average lifespan of 25 to 30 years, and are able to live beyond that age with good care. The life expectancy of a horse has continued to increase over the years with improving veterinary care. Larger horses like draft breeds typically do not live as long as smaller breeds like Arabians.

What do horses eat?

Horses are herbivores and their diet consist of pasture, hay, concentrates as well as treats. Horses tend to graze all day long, and consume many small meals. The concentrates in a horse’s diet are grains like oats, barley and corn, and provide additional nutrition for working, older, young, or pregnant horses.

How fast do horses run?

Horses are able to run at the average speed of 30 miles (48.2 kilometers) per hour. The fastest speed of a racehorse on record was reported at 43.97 miles (70.76 kilometers) per hour and was accomplished by the horse named Winning Brew in 2008.

Horses Guides
Browse through our curated Horses Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Horses. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1000 lb | 408-454 kg
20 years (Typical)
Akhal-Teke
163.000
454.000
20.00
6900
3D
Akhal-Teke
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
900-1200 lb | 408-544 kg
25 years (Typical)
Andalusian Horse
158.000
544.000
25.00
19000
3D
Andalusian Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
950-1250 lb | 431-567 kg
30 years (Typical)
Appaloosa Horse
163.000
567.000
30.00
17000
3D
Appaloosa Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Arabian Horse
155.000
454.000
30.00
39000
3D
Arabian Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
20-25 years (Typical)
Clydesdale Horse
183.000
998.000
25.00
24000
3D
Clydesdale Horse
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
1200-1400 lb | 544-635 kg
16 years (Typical)
Friesian Horse
173.000
635.000
16.00
38000
3D
Friesian Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Haflinger Horse
152.000
590.000
30.00
5100
3D
Haflinger Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Miniature Horse
97.000
159.000
35.00
16000
3D
Miniature Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
900-1100 lb | 408-499 kg
30 years (Typical)
Morgan Horse
155.000
499.000
30.00
15000
3D
Morgan Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
1000-1200 lb | 454-544 kg
31 years (Typical)
Paint Horse
163.000
544.000
31.00
16000
3D
Paint Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1250 lb | 408-567 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Quarter Horse
163.000
567.000
35.00
26000
3D
Quarter Horse
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
400-450 lb | 181-204 kg
30 years (Typical)
Shetland Pony
112.000
204.000
30.00
21000
3D
Shetland Pony
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
1975-2425 lb | 900–1100 kg
24-28 years (Typical)
Shire Horse
193.000
1100.000
28.00
26000
3D
Shire Horse
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Thoroughbred
173.000
522.000
30.00
7500
3D
Thoroughbred
Andalusian Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Andalusian Horse compared to an average person

The Andalusian Horse is a breed from the Iberian Peninsula and is also known as Pure Spanish Horse, where its forefathers lived for thousands of years. Andalusian Horses have long, thick manes and tails, strongly built and compact yet elegant.

The Andalusian Horse is sleek and heavy, and their most common color is gray, even though many other colors have been spotted on them. Their intellect, feeling, and docility are well recognized. The species have medium-length heads that are straight or slightly convex, also their necks are long and wide, with a definite back and a massive chest.

Andalusian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1200 lb (408-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25 years. Andalusian Horses have coat colors of gray (common), bay, black, and chestnut.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Andalusian Horse
The Andalusian Horse is a breed from the Iberian Peninsula and is also known as Pure Spanish Horse, where its forefathers lived for thousands of years. Andalusian Horses have long, thick manes and tails, strongly built and compact yet elegant.

Andalusian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1200 lb (408-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25 years. Andalusian Horses have coat colors of gray (common), bay, black, and chestnut.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Andalusian Horse
Andalusian Horse
Height:
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1200 lb | 408-544 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Gray (common), bay, black, chestnut
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Andalusian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Clydesdale Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Clydesdale Horse compared to an average person

The Clydesdale Horse is a Scottish horse-drawn breed. This is known after its place of roots, the Clydesdale or the valley of the River Clyde, much of which is situated in the county of Lanarkshire. It is a large and strong animal, but not as heavy as it was in the past.

It is well-muscled and heavy, with an arched back, high withers, and a sloping head and with indistinguishable hooves and legs. It has historically been used for draught strength, both in agriculture and in road haulage. It is now primarily a carriage horse, so it can be ridden or guided in parades or processions.

Clydesdale Horses have a shoulder height of 16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1800-2200 lb (816-998 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years. Clydesdale Horses have coat colors of bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, and roan.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Clydesdale Horse
The Clydesdale Horse is a Scottish horse-drawn breed. This is known after its place of roots, the Clydesdale or the valley of the River Clyde, much of which is situated in the county of Lanarkshire. It is a large and strong animal, but not as heavy as it was in the past.

Clydesdale Horses have a shoulder height of 16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1800-2200 lb (816-998 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years. Clydesdale Horses have coat colors of bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, and roan.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Clydesdale Horse
Clydesdale Horse
Height:
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, roan
Scientific Name
Lifespan
20-25 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Clydesdale Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Arabian Horse
Scale illustration of an average Arabian Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Most of them show a distinctive concave or "dished" profile. The Arab is a flexible breed, they control the art of horse riding and participate today in many other equestrian sports areas. They are also one of the top ten most common horse breeds in the world. The Arabian Horse is also one of the oldest races in the Middle East and is dated back 4,500 years ago, with archeological evidence.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
Arabian Horse
Height:
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, gray
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Arabian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Morgan Horse
Comparison illustration of the size of a Morgan Horse to a typical person

The Morgan Horse is one of the United States’ oldest breeds of horses. The Morgan Horse is a lightweight and elegant breed, typically bay, black, and chestnut brown, but it is available in other shades, including numerous pint-variations. The breed is renowned for its flexibility in both English and Western disciplines.

Compact and polished in form, the Morgan Horse has sturdy legs, an elegant head with a straight or slightly convex profile and a high forehead; wide, conspicuous eyes; well-defined withers, shoulders set back, and an erect, strongly arched jaw. The Morgan Horses has been a staple in many children’s books, movies, and ads because of their gentle characteristics.

Morgan Horses have a shoulder height of 14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1100 lb (408-499 kg), and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Morgan Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and chestnut.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Morgan Horse
The Morgan Horse is one of the United States’ oldest breeds of horses. The Morgan Horse is a lightweight and elegant breed, typically bay, black, and chestnut brown, but it is available in other shades, including numerous pint-variations. The breed is renowned for its flexibility and discipline.

Morgan Horses have a shoulder height of 14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1100 lb (408-499 kg), and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Morgan Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and chestnut.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Morgan Horse
Morgan Horse
Height:
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1100 lb | 408-499 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, chestnut, black
Scientific Name
Lifespan
30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Morgan Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Miniature Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Miniature Horse compared to an average person

Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people. Of this cause, they are sometimes kept as family pets, they also possess normal horse nature, like normal fighting or flight reflex, and must be handled as horses, even though they mainly act as service animals.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horse
Height:
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, palomino
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25-35 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Miniature Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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