Horses | Horse Breeds

Horses are odd-toed ungulate mammals that have been widely domesticated by humans since about 4000 BC. Due to this long history of domestication, only one true species of wild horse remains with other wild horse breeds actually existing as feral colonies of once domesticated horses. A pack animal, horses roam in herds of mares (females) and foals (young horses) led by a stallion (a mature male). Having spent years with running as the primary form of defense for these herbivores, horses are able to walk and run shortly after being born. Horses have been bred and domesticated for many reasons over the years such as working, racing, and riding.

How long do horses live?

Horses have an average lifespan of 25 to 30 years, and are able to live beyond that age with good care. The life expectancy of a horse has continued to increase over the years with improving veterinary care. Larger horses like draft breeds typically do not live as long as smaller breeds like Arabians.

What do horses eat?

Horses are herbivores and their diet consist of pasture, hay, concentrates as well as treats. Horses tend to graze all day long, and consume many small meals. The concentrates in a horse’s diet are grains like oats, barley and corn, and provide additional nutrition for working, older, young, or pregnant horses.

How fast do horses run?

Horses are able to run at the average speed of 30 miles (48.2 kilometers) per hour. The fastest speed of a racehorse on record was reported at 43.97 miles (70.76 kilometers) per hour and was accomplished by the horse named Winning Brew in 2008.

Horses

Miniature Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
3D
Shetland Pony
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
3D
Haflinger Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
3D
Arabian Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
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Morgan Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
3D
Andalusian Horse
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
3D
Appaloosa Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Paint Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
3D
Quarter Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Akhal-Teke
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Friesian Horse
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
3D
Thoroughbred
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
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Clydesdale Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
3D
Shire Horse
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
3D

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Arabian Horse
Scale illustration of an average Arabian Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Most of them show a distinctive concave or "dished" profile. The Arab is a flexible breed, they control the art of horse riding and participate today in many other equestrian sports areas. They are also one of the top ten most common horse breeds in the world. The Arabian Horse is also one of the oldest races in the Middle East and is dated back 4,500 years ago, with archeological evidence.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
Arabian Horse
Height:
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, gray
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Arabian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Appaloosa Horse
Comparison illustration of the size of a Appaloosa Horse to a typical person

The Appaloosa Horse is an American horse breed most famous for its colorful pattern of spotted coats. There are a variety of body types within the race, which stem from various horse races' historical influence.

The pattern of each horse is genetically derived from the various patterns of spots, overlaid by one of a few recognized colors of the base coat, such as white, black, grey, and brown. The Appaloosa Horse is a tall, tight-fit, squatty horse. The form of the body represented a mix that started before 1700 in the American plains with typical Spanish Horses.

Appaloosa Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 950-1250 lb (431-567 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Appaloosa Horses have coat color and spotting variations labeled as: spots, snowflake, snowcap, frost, blanket, Roan blanket, Appaloosa Roan, leopard, and mottled.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Appaloosa Horse
The Appaloosa Horse is an American horse breed most famous for its colorful pattern of spotted coats. There are a variety of body types within the race, which stem from various horse races' historical influence. The pattern of each horse is genetically derived from the various patterns of spots.

Appaloosa Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 950-1250 lb (431-567 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Appaloosa Horses have coat color and spotting variations labeled as: spots, snowflake, snowcap, frost, blanket, Roan blanket, Appaloosa Roan, leopard, and mottled.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Appaloosa Horse
Appaloosa Horse
Height:
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
950-1250 lb | 431-567 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Spots, snowflake, snowcap, frost, blanket, Roan blanket, Appaloosa Roan, leopard, mottled
Lifespan
30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Appaloosa Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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Akhal-Teke
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Akhal-Teke compared to an average person

The Ahkal-Teke (Equus ferus caballus) is a Turkmenistan horse breed and is one of the oldest domesticated horse breeds. Their coat has a metallic sheen giving them their nickname, “Golden Horses”. Physically they are thin, have fine bones, and flat muscles. They are mostly found in Russia and Europe, but they are also in North America.

In the past they were used for transportation, but are now used for horse racing. They are known for their speed, endurance, and intelligence. The diet of the Ahkal-Teke consists of grass, hay, and grains.

Akhal-Tekes have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1000 lb (408-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20 years. Akhal-Tekes have coat colors of Black, bay, red.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Akhal-Teke
The Ahkal-Teke is a Turkmenistan horse breed and is one of the oldest domesticated horse breeds. Their coat has a metallic sheen giving them their nickname, “Golden Horses”. Physically they are thin, have fine bones, and flat muscles. They are mostly found in Russia and Europe.

Akhal-Tekes have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1000 lb (408-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20 years. Akhal-Tekes have coat colors of Black, bay, red.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Akhal-Teke
Akhal-Teke
Height:
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1000 lb | 408-454 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Black, bay, red
Lifespan
20 years (Typical)

Drawings include:
Akhal-Teke side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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Miniature Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Miniature Horse compared to an average person

Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people. Of this cause, they are sometimes kept as family pets, they also possess normal horse nature, like normal fighting or flight reflex, and must be handled as horses, even though they mainly act as service animals.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people.

Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Miniature Horse
Miniature Horse
Height:
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, palomino
Lifespan
25-35 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Miniature Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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Shire Horse
Scale illustration of an average Shire Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

Shire Horses have a shoulder height of 16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1975-2425 lb (900–1100 kg) and a typical lifespan of 24-28 years. Shire Horses have coat colors of black, bay, brown, grey.

Collection of scaled drawings of Shire Horse in various poses

Shire Horses have a shoulder height of 16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1975-2425 lb (900–1100 kg) and a typical lifespan of 24-28 years. Shire Horses have coat colors of black, bay, brown, grey.

Collection of scaled drawings of Shire Horse in various poses
Shire Horse
Height:
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1975-2425 lb | 900–1100 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Black, bay, brown, grey
Lifespan
24-28 years (Typical)

Drawings include:
Shire Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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