Horses | Horse Breeds

Horses are odd-toed ungulate mammals that have been widely domesticated by humans since about 4000 BC. Due to this long history of domestication, only one true species of wild horse remains with other wild horse breeds actually existing as feral colonies of once domesticated horses. A pack animal, horses roam in herds of mares (females) and foals (young horses) led by a stallion (a mature male). Having spent years with running as the primary form of defense for these herbivores, horses are able to walk and run shortly after being born. Horses have been bred and domesticated for many reasons over the years such as working, racing, and riding.

How long do horses live?

Horses have an average lifespan of 25 to 30 years, and are able to live beyond that age with good care. The life expectancy of a horse has continued to increase over the years with improving veterinary care. Larger horses like draft breeds typically do not live as long as smaller breeds like Arabians.

What do horses eat?

Horses are herbivores and their diet consist of pasture, hay, concentrates as well as treats. Horses tend to graze all day long, and consume many small meals. The concentrates in a horse’s diet are grains like oats, barley and corn, and provide additional nutrition for working, older, young, or pregnant horses.

How fast do horses run?

Horses are able to run at the average speed of 30 miles (48.2 kilometers) per hour. The fastest speed of a racehorse on record was reported at 43.97 miles (70.76 kilometers) per hour and was accomplished by the horse named Winning Brew in 2008.

Horses

Miniature Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
3D
Shetland Pony
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
3D
Haflinger Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
3D
Arabian Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
3D
Morgan Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
3D
Andalusian Horse
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
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Appaloosa Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
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Paint Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
3D
Quarter Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Akhal-Teke
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
3D
Friesian Horse
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
3D
Thoroughbred
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
3D
Clydesdale Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
3D
Shire Horse
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
3D

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Thoroughbred Horse
Scale illustration of an average Thoroughbred Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses are categorized as the "hot-blooded" types, which are horse breeds for specific stamina, endurance, and agility events. Thoroughbred Horses of good quality have a smooth head on their long neck, high withers, deep chest, short back, good hindquarter depth, a lean bodily, and long legs. Most of the time, they are bay, dark bay or brown, brown, black, or gray.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
Thoroughbred Horse
Height:
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, white
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Thoroughbred Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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Morgan Horse
Comparison illustration of the size of a Morgan Horse to a typical person

The Morgan Horse is one of the United States’ oldest breeds of horses. The Morgan Horse is a lightweight and elegant breed, typically bay, black, and chestnut brown, but it is available in other shades, including numerous pint-variations. The breed is renowned for its flexibility in both English and Western disciplines.

Compact and polished in form, the Morgan Horse has sturdy legs, an elegant head with a straight or slightly convex profile and a high forehead; wide, conspicuous eyes; well-defined withers, shoulders set back, and an erect, strongly arched jaw. The Morgan Horses has been a staple in many children’s books, movies, and ads because of their gentle characteristics.

Morgan Horses have a shoulder height of 14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1100 lb (408-499 kg), and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Morgan Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and chestnut.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Morgan Horse
The Morgan Horse is one of the United States’ oldest breeds of horses. The Morgan Horse is a lightweight and elegant breed, typically bay, black, and chestnut brown, but it is available in other shades, including numerous pint-variations. The breed is renowned for its flexibility and discipline.

Morgan Horses have a shoulder height of 14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1100 lb (408-499 kg), and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Morgan Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and chestnut.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Morgan Horse
Morgan Horse
Height:
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1100 lb | 408-499 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, chestnut, black
Lifespan
30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Morgan Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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Haflinger Horse
Scale illustration of an average Haflinger Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Haflinger Horse, also known as the Avelignese, is a horse breed established towards the end of the 19th century in Austria and Northern Italy. Haflinger Horses are very small, mostly flax-male and tail-male chestnut and have strong-defined smooth gaits, and still elegantly stirred.

The race's head and light poll are streamlined. The neck is average in length from their slopped shoulders and deep chest. The back is medium-length and gently sloping and strongly muscled. Haflinger Horses are used for several specific reasons, including light shooting, harness, and numerous sports such as fitness, dressage, horse-drawn sailing, and counsel riding.

Haflinger Horses have a shoulder height of 13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1300 lb (363-590 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Haflinger Horses have a Chestnut coat color.

Collection of scaled drawings of Haflinger Horse in various poses
The Haflinger Horse, also known as the Avelignese, is a horse breed established towards the end of the 19th century in Austria and Northern Italy. Haflinger Horses are very small, mostly flax-male and tail-male chestnut and have strong-defined smooth gaits, and still elegantly stirred.

Haflinger Horses have a shoulder height of 13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1300 lb (363-590 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Haflinger Horses have a Chestnut coat color.

Collection of scaled drawings of Haflinger Horse in various poses
Haflinger Horse
Height:
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Chestnut
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Haflinger Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Arabian Horse
Scale illustration of an average Arabian Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Most of them show a distinctive concave or "dished" profile. The Arab is a flexible breed, they control the art of horse riding and participate today in many other equestrian sports areas. They are also one of the top ten most common horse breeds in the world. The Arabian Horse is also one of the oldest races in the Middle East and is dated back 4,500 years ago, with archeological evidence.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles.

Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.

Collection of scaled drawings of Arabian Horse in various poses
Arabian Horse
Height:
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, gray
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Arabian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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Clydesdale Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Clydesdale Horse compared to an average person

The Clydesdale Horse is a Scottish horse-drawn breed. This is known after its place of roots, the Clydesdale or the valley of the River Clyde, much of which is situated in the county of Lanarkshire. It is a large and strong animal, but not as heavy as it was in the past.

It is well-muscled and heavy, with an arched back, high withers, and a sloping head and with indistinguishable hooves and legs. It has historically been used for draught strength, both in agriculture and in road haulage. It is now primarily a carriage horse, so it can be ridden or guided in parades or processions.

Clydesdale Horses have a shoulder height of 16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1800-2200 lb (816-998 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years. Clydesdale Horses have coat colors of bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, and roan.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Clydesdale Horse
The Clydesdale Horse is a Scottish horse-drawn breed. This is known after its place of roots, the Clydesdale or the valley of the River Clyde, much of which is situated in the county of Lanarkshire. It is a large and strong animal, but not as heavy as it was in the past.

Clydesdale Horses have a shoulder height of 16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1800-2200 lb (816-998 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years. Clydesdale Horses have coat colors of bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, and roan.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Clydesdale Horse
Clydesdale Horse
Height:
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, roan
Lifespan
20-25 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Clydesdale Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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