Horses | Horse Breeds

Horses are odd-toed ungulate mammals that have been widely domesticated by humans since about 4000 BC. Due to this long history of domestication, only one true species of wild horse remains with other wild horse breeds actually existing as feral colonies of once domesticated horses. A pack animal, horses roam in herds of mares (females) and foals (young horses) led by a stallion (a mature male). Having spent years with running as the primary form of defense for these herbivores, horses are able to walk and run shortly after being born. Horses have been bred and domesticated for many reasons over the years such as working, racing, and riding.

How long do horses live?

Horses have an average lifespan of 25 to 30 years, and are able to live beyond that age with good care. The life expectancy of a horse has continued to increase over the years with improving veterinary care. Larger horses like draft breeds typically do not live as long as smaller breeds like Arabians.

What do horses eat?

Horses are herbivores and their diet consist of pasture, hay, concentrates as well as treats. Horses tend to graze all day long, and consume many small meals. The concentrates in a horse’s diet are grains like oats, barley and corn, and provide additional nutrition for working, older, young, or pregnant horses.

How fast do horses run?

Horses are able to run at the average speed of 30 miles (48.2 kilometers) per hour. The fastest speed of a racehorse on record was reported at 43.97 miles (70.76 kilometers) per hour and was accomplished by the horse named Winning Brew in 2008.

Horses Guides
Browse through our curated Horses Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Horses. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1000 lb | 408-454 kg
20 years (Typical)
Akhal-Teke
163.000
454.000
20.00
6900
3D
Akhal-Teke
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
900-1200 lb | 408-544 kg
25 years (Typical)
Andalusian Horse
158.000
544.000
25.00
19000
3D
Andalusian Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
950-1250 lb | 431-567 kg
30 years (Typical)
Appaloosa Horse
163.000
567.000
30.00
17000
3D
Appaloosa Horse
14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm)
800-1000 lb | 363-454 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Arabian Horse
155.000
454.000
30.00
39000
3D
Arabian Horse
16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm)
1800-2200 lb | 816-998 kg
20-25 years (Typical)
Clydesdale Horse
183.000
998.000
25.00
24000
3D
Clydesdale Horse
14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm)
1200-1400 lb | 544-635 kg
16 years (Typical)
Friesian Horse
173.000
635.000
16.00
38000
3D
Friesian Horse
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Haflinger Horse
152.000
590.000
30.00
5100
3D
Haflinger Horse
8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm)
150-350 lb | 68-159 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Miniature Horse
97.000
159.000
35.00
16000
3D
Miniature Horse
14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm)
900-1100 lb | 408-499 kg
30 years (Typical)
Morgan Horse
155.000
499.000
30.00
15000
3D
Morgan Horse
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
1000-1200 lb | 454-544 kg
31 years (Typical)
Paint Horse
163.000
544.000
31.00
16000
3D
Paint Horse
14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm)
900-1250 lb | 408-567 kg
25-35 years (Typical)
Quarter Horse
163.000
567.000
35.00
26000
3D
Quarter Horse
7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm)
400-450 lb | 181-204 kg
30 years (Typical)
Shetland Pony
112.000
204.000
30.00
21000
3D
Shetland Pony
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
1975-2425 lb | 900–1100 kg
24-28 years (Typical)
Shire Horse
193.000
1100.000
28.00
26000
3D
Shire Horse
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
25-30 years (Typical)
Thoroughbred
173.000
522.000
30.00
7500
3D
Thoroughbred
American Paint Horse
Scale illustration of an average American Paint Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The American Paint Horse is a horse breeding that combines the confirmative characteristics of a western stocking horse with a pinto pattern of colors of brown and white. Spots can have any shape or scale-like the Appaloosa Horse and can be found on part of the Paint Horse.

Thanks to its bright coloring, pleasant disposition, and flexibility, the paint horse is very popular. In fact, in some 40 countries around the world, the American Paint Horse Association has around 100,000 members. The Paint Horse is ideal for riders with all levels of experience. They compete as training horses and strong competition horses in different equestrian activities.

American Paint Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1000-1200 lb (454-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 31 years. American Paint Horses have a range of coat colors and patterns including blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, and varnish.

Collection of scaled drawings of the American Paint Horse in various poses
The American Paint Horse is a horse breeding that combines the confirmative characteristics of a western stocking horse with a pinto pattern of colors of brown and white. Spots can have any shape or scale-like the Appaloosa Horse and can be found on part of the Paint Horse.

American Paint Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1000-1200 lb (454-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 31 years. American Paint Horses have a range of coat colors and patterns including blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, and varnish.

Collection of scaled drawings of the American Paint Horse in various poses
American Paint Horse
Height:
14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1000-1200 lb | 454-544 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, varnish
Scientific Name
Lifespan
31 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

American Paint Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Shire Horse
Scale illustration of an average Shire Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Shire Horse, Equus Caballus, is a British breed of the draft horse, a horse used to draw or haul objects. This horse breed is typically black, bay, or grey. The Shire Horse is tall and this breed has held the world record various times for the largest horse and tallest horse.

The Shire Horse is intentionally used for farm work as they have a great capacity for weight-pulling. The Shire Horse is known for its easy-going temperament, eagerness to please, and has a life expectancy of 25 to 30 years. This breed of horses is considered at risk of extinction.

Shire Horses have a shoulder height of 16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1975-2425 lb (900–1100 kg) and a typical lifespan of 24-28 years. Shire Horses have coat colors of black, bay, brown, grey.

Collection of scaled drawings of Shire Horse in various poses
The Shire Horse, Equus Caballus, is a British breed of the draft horse, a horse used to draw or haul objects. This horse breed is typically black, bay, or grey. The Shire Horse is tall and this breed has held the world record various times for the largest horse and tallest horse.

Shire Horses have a shoulder height of 16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1975-2425 lb (900–1100 kg) and a typical lifespan of 24-28 years. Shire Horses have coat colors of black, bay, brown, grey.

Collection of scaled drawings of Shire Horse in various poses
Shire Horse
Height:
16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
1975-2425 lb | 900–1100 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Black, bay, brown, grey
Scientific Name
Lifespan
24-28 years (Typical)

Drawings include:
Shire Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Thoroughbred Horse
Scale illustration of an average Thoroughbred Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses are categorized as the "hot-blooded" types, which are horse breeds for specific stamina, endurance, and agility events. Thoroughbred Horses of good quality have a smooth head on their long neck, high withers, deep chest, short back, good hindquarter depth, a lean bodily, and long legs. Most of the time, they are bay, dark bay or brown, brown, black, or gray.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed.

Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.

Collection of scaled drawings of Thoroughbred Horse in various poses
Thoroughbred Horse
Height:
15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1150 lb | 408-522 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, white
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Thoroughbred Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Andalusian Horse
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Andalusian Horse compared to an average person

The Andalusian Horse is a breed from the Iberian Peninsula and is also known as Pure Spanish Horse, where its forefathers lived for thousands of years. Andalusian Horses have long, thick manes and tails, strongly built and compact yet elegant.

The Andalusian Horse is sleek and heavy, and their most common color is gray, even though many other colors have been spotted on them. Their intellect, feeling, and docility are well recognized. The species have medium-length heads that are straight or slightly convex, also their necks are long and wide, with a definite back and a massive chest.

Andalusian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1200 lb (408-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25 years. Andalusian Horses have coat colors of gray (common), bay, black, and chestnut.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Andalusian Horse
The Andalusian Horse is a breed from the Iberian Peninsula and is also known as Pure Spanish Horse, where its forefathers lived for thousands of years. Andalusian Horses have long, thick manes and tails, strongly built and compact yet elegant.

Andalusian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1200 lb (408-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25 years. Andalusian Horses have coat colors of gray (common), bay, black, and chestnut.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Andalusian Horse
Andalusian Horse
Height:
14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
900-1200 lb | 408-544 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Gray (common), bay, black, chestnut
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Andalusian Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Haflinger Horse
Scale illustration of an average Haflinger Horse with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Haflinger Horse, also known as the Avelignese, is a horse breed established towards the end of the 19th century in Austria and Northern Italy. Haflinger Horses are very small, mostly flax-male and tail-male chestnut and have strong-defined smooth gaits, and still elegantly stirred.

The race's head and light poll are streamlined. The neck is average in length from their slopped shoulders and deep chest. The back is medium-length and gently sloping and strongly muscled. Haflinger Horses are used for several specific reasons, including light shooting, harness, and numerous sports such as fitness, dressage, horse-drawn sailing, and counsel riding.

Haflinger Horses have a shoulder height of 13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1300 lb (363-590 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Haflinger Horses have a Chestnut coat color.

Collection of scaled drawings of Haflinger Horse in various poses
The Haflinger Horse, also known as the Avelignese, is a horse breed established towards the end of the 19th century in Austria and Northern Italy. Haflinger Horses are very small, mostly flax-male and tail-male chestnut and have strong-defined smooth gaits, and still elegantly stirred.

Haflinger Horses have a shoulder height of 13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1300 lb (363-590 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Haflinger Horses have a Chestnut coat color.

Collection of scaled drawings of Haflinger Horse in various poses
Haflinger Horse
Height:
13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
800-1300 lb | 363-590 kg
Area:
Coat Colors
Chestnut
Scientific Name
Lifespan
25-30 years (Typical)

Drawings include:

Haflinger Horse side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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