Steel Walls

Steel Walls

Description
Description

Steel framed walls are a type of building construction that uses steel studs instead of wood studs. Steel studs are made of cold-formed steel, which is a type of steel that is rolled into thin sheets. Steel studs are strong and durable, and they can be used to build walls that are both safe and energy-efficient. Steel framed walls are also resistant to fire, insects, and rot, which makes them a good choice for buildings in areas with harsh climates.

History
History

Steel walls, or steel framing, entered the construction scene in the late 19th century. As cities aimed for the sky, traditional materials couldn't keep pace. Steel's strength and lightness became the backbone of skyscrapers, with landmarks like the Empire State Building standing tall. Unlike wood, steel resisted fire and termites, offering a durable alternative. Over the 20th century, it wasn't just towering giants; homes and smaller buildings started adopting steel framing for its stability and design flexibility.

Future
Future

The future of steel walls and framing shines with innovation and sustainability. Recycled steel becomes more prevalent, reducing environmental impact. Light-gauge steel framing offers a durable yet lightweight option for rapid construction. Skyscrapers, like the Jeddah Tower in Saudi Arabia, push architectural boundaries, supported by advanced steel technologies. As urban landscapes transform, modular and prefab steel homes gain popularity, providing efficient and resilient housing solutions. Steel's adaptability ensures its continued role in shaping our buildings and cities.

Common Questions
Common Questions
When are steel framed walls used instead of wood framed walls?

Steel framed walls are often used instead of wood framed walls in scenarios requiring higher structural strength, durability, and resistance to fire or termites. They are prevalent in commercial and industrial construction due to their ability to support larger loads and longer spans. Additionally, in areas with limited wood availability or where sustainability is a priority, steel is favored for its recyclability and reduced environmental impact. Steel framing also performs well in areas prone to earthquakes, due to its ductility and strength.

How can steel framed walls fail?

Steel framed walls can fail due to various factors including overload, which causes buckling or yielding of members. Inadequate bracing may lead to lateral-torsional buckling. Corrosion from exposure to moisture can weaken the steel. Poor design or construction practices can result in insufficient load paths and connections. Additionally, steel loses strength in high temperatures, so fire can compromise structural integrity. In seismic regions, inadequate ductility or detailing may lead to failure during an earthquake.

How are steel framed walls constructed?

Steel framed walls are constructed by first assembling a skeleton of vertical steel studs and horizontal tracks. The studs are secured within the tracks at the top and bottom. Sheathing materials like gypsum board are then attached to the steel frame for rigidity and surface finish. Openings for doors and windows are framed using headers. Electrical and plumbing utilities are routed through punch-outs in the studs. Finally, interior finishes and insulation can be added as needed.

Buildings

* Under Development *

8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Corner, Inside
850.000
61.000
14.000
600
https://p3d.in/e/RrgYJ
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Corner, InsideView of Steel Wall Inside Corner in 3D available for downloadView of Steel Wall Inside Corner in 3D available for download
8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Corner, Outside
850.000
61.000
14.000
600
https://p3d.in/e/kFZ9c
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Corner, OutsidePerspective view of a 3D model of Steel Wall Outside CornerPerspective view of a 3D model of Steel Wall Outside Corner
8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Framing, C-Studs
850.000
61.000
14.000
2000
https://p3d.in/e/2xzpk
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Framing, C-Studs3D model of C-Stud Framed Steel Wall viewed in perspective3D model of C-Stud Framed Steel Wall viewed in perspective
8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Framing, Channel Studs
850.000
61.000
14.000
2000
https://p3d.in/e/BnjpR
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Framing, Channel StudsView of Channel Stud Framed Steel Wall in 3D available for downloadView of Channel Stud Framed Steel Wall in 3D available for download
8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Framing, Door
850.000
61.000
14.000
2010
https://p3d.in/e/tP40Q
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Framing, DoorPerspective view of a 3D model of Steel Wall Door FramePerspective view of a 3D model of Steel Wall Door Frame
8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Framing, Strap Bracing
850.000
61.000
14.000
1979
https://p3d.in/e/qDUvK
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Framing, Strap Bracing3D model of Strap Bracing Framed Steel Wall viewed in perspective3D model of Strap Bracing Framed Steel Wall viewed in perspective
8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Framing, Window
850.000
61.000
14.000
2010
https://p3d.in/e/rbZ7c
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Framing, WindowView of Steel Wall Window Frame in 3D available for downloadView of Steel Wall Window Frame in 3D available for download
3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” | 9.2, 14, 19.1 cm (Header)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Header, C-Joists
14.000
61.000
14.000
400
https://p3d.in/e/SSfpG
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Header, C-JoistsPerspective view of a 3D model of C-Joist Header Steel WallPerspective view of a 3D model of C-Joist Header Steel Wall
3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” | 9.2, 14, 19.1 cm (Header)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Header, Channel
14.000
61.000
14.000
430
https://p3d.in/e/7bYJK
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Header, Channel3D model of Channel Header Steel Wall viewed in perspective3D model of Channel Header Steel Wall viewed in perspective
3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” | 9.2, 14, 19.1 cm (Header)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Header, E
19.100
61.000
14.000
400
https://p3d.in/e/8eCYv
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Header, EView of E-Header Steel Wall in 3D available for downloadView of E-Header Steel Wall in 3D available for download
3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” | 9.2, 14, 19.1 cm (Header)
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Steel Wall - Header, L
14.000
61.000
14.000
400
https://p3d.in/e/eYzuv
GUIDE
3D
Steel Wall - Header, LPerspective view of a 3D model of L-Header Steel WallPerspective view of a 3D model of L-Header Steel Wall
Steel Wall - Header, Channel
Comparison drawing of Channel Header Steel Wall compared to similar steel wall systems

Channel steel wall headers employ U-shaped structural steel channels to span over openings in walls, such as windows and doors. These channels serve as the primary load-bearing elements, effectively distributing the weight from above. The U-shape inherently offers a convenient cavity which can be utilized for insulation, significantly enhancing the thermal efficiency of the wall.

This is particularly beneficial in energy-conscious construction as it helps in minimizing heat transfer. The combination of robust structural support and thermal insulation makes channel steel wall headers an efficient and practical solution in both residential and commercial construction.

Channel Header Steel Walls have header heights of 3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” (9.2, 14, 19.1 cm). Steel framed walls are typically constructed with stud depths of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm).

Scaled set of drawings of Channel Header Steel Wall in side and top views
Channel steel wall headers employ U-shaped structural steel channels to span over openings in walls, such as windows and doors. These channels serve as the primary load-bearing elements, effectively distributing the weight from above. The U-shape inherently offers a convenient cavity for insulation.

Channel Header Steel Walls have header heights of 3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” (9.2, 14, 19.1 cm). Steel framed walls are typically constructed with stud depths of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm).

Scaled set of drawings of Channel Header Steel Wall in side and top views
Steel Wall - Header, Channel
Height:
3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” | 9.2, 14, 19.1 cm (Header)
Width:
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
Length:
Depth:
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Weight:
Area:
Materials
Structural steel

Drawings include:

Channel Header Steel Wall elevation (various sizes), plan

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Steel Wall - Framing, Channel Studs
Scale illustration of Channel Stud Framed Steel Wall compared to other steel wall systems

Channel stud framed steel walls utilize vertical framing members known as channel studs, which have a U-shaped cross-section. These studs are secured between horizontal tracks at the floor and ceiling, creating a robust framework for partition walls. Compared to C-Studs, channel studs have a more open profile, providing space for utilities like electrical wiring and plumbing.

The assembly is lightweight, which eases handling and installation. Once the channel stud frame is erected, it is clad with drywall or other materials. This construction method is favored for its strength, durability, resistance to rot and pests, and fire-resistant properties.

Channel Stud Framed Steel Walls are constructed with stud sizes of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm). Steel studs are punched with openings of 4” x 1.5” (10.2 x 3.8 cm). Overall heights for Channel Stud Framed Steel Walls are typically between 8’-12’ (2.44-3.66 m).

Group of dimensioned illustrations of Channel Stud Framed Steel Wall seen in elevation and plan
Channel stud framed steel walls utilize vertical framing members known as channel studs, which have a U-shaped cross-section. These studs are secured between horizontal tracks at the floor and ceiling, creating a robust framework for partition walls.

Channel Stud Framed Steel Walls are constructed with stud sizes of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm). Steel studs are punched with openings of 4” x 1.5” (10.2 x 3.8 cm). Overall heights for Channel Stud Framed Steel Walls are typically between 8’-12’ (2.44-3.66 m).

Group of dimensioned illustrations of Channel Stud Framed Steel Wall seen in elevation and plan
Steel Wall - Framing, Channel Studs
Height:
8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
Width:
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
Length:
Depth:
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Weight:
Area:

Overall Depth (Drywall): 4.5”, 6.5” | 11.4, 16.5 cm

Stud Width: 1.625” | 4.1 cm (Typical)

Punch Size: 4” x 1.5” | 10.2 x 3.8 cm

Materials
Structural steel

Drawings include:
C
hannel Stud Framed Steel Wall elevation (various sizes), plan

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Steel Wall - Header, L
Style and size comparison drawing of L-Header Steel Wall compared to other steel wall systems

L steel wall headers utilize L-shaped steel joists, which are positioned along the top track of wall openings such as windows and doors. The L-shaped profile provides structural support for the loads above the opening. When two L-shaped joists are used in tandem, they form a box configuration which adds rigidity and strength.

The headers can also be configured with a single L-joist for lighter load conditions. This design is space-efficient, and the angular profile of the L-joist allows for ease of attachment to other framing members. L-headers are valued for their simplicity, structural integrity, and ease of installation.

L-Header Steel Walls have header heights of 3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” (9.2, 14, 19.1 cm). Steel framed walls are typically constructed with stud depths of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of L-Header Steel Wall viewed from the front and plan
L steel wall headers utilize L-shaped steel joists, which are positioned along the top track of wall openings such as windows and doors. The L-shaped profile provides structural support for the loads above the opening. When two L-shaped joists are used in tandem, they form a box configuration.

L-Header Steel Walls have header heights of 3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” (9.2, 14, 19.1 cm). Steel framed walls are typically constructed with stud depths of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of L-Header Steel Wall viewed from the front and plan
Steel Wall - Header, L
Height:
3.63”, 5.5”, 7.5” | 9.2, 14, 19.1 cm (Header)
Width:
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
Length:
Depth:
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Weight:
Area:
Materials
Structural steel

Drawings include:

L-Header Steel Wall elevation (various sizes), plan

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Steel Wall - Framing, Strap Bracing
Comparison drawing of Strap Bracing Framed Steel Wall compared to similar steel wall systems

Strap bracing framed steel walls employ thin, flat metal strips attached diagonally across the vertical studs and horizontal runners to enhance structural stability. This bracing technique is crucial in regions prone to high winds or seismic activity, as it helps distribute loads and resist lateral forces.

The straps are usually made of galvanized steel and are fastened to the studs and runners using screws or nails. By creating a rigid triangle between the studs and runners, strap bracing prevents the wall from deforming or collapsing under lateral loads. This method is vital for ensuring the safety and integrity of steel-framed structures.

Strap Bracing for Steel Wall Frames are typically sized at 1.2” x .08” (3 x .2 cm). Steel Walls are constructed with stud depths of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm). Steel studs are punched with openings of 4” x 1.5” (10.2 x 3.8 cm). Overall heights for Steel Walls are typically between 8’-12’ (2.44-3.66 m).

Scaled set of drawings of Strap Bracing Framed Steel Wall in side and top views
Strap bracing framed steel walls employ thin, flat metal strips attached diagonally across the vertical studs and horizontal runners to enhance structural stability. This bracing technique is crucial in regions prone to high winds or seismic activity, as it helps resist lateral forces.

Strap Bracing for Steel Wall Frames are typically sized at 1.2” x .08” (3 x .2 cm). Steel Walls are constructed with stud depths of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm). Steel studs are punched with openings of 4” x 1.5” (10.2 x 3.8 cm). Overall heights for Steel Walls are typically between 8’-12’ (2.44-3.66 m).

Scaled set of drawings of Strap Bracing Framed Steel Wall in side and top views
Steel Wall - Framing, Strap Bracing
Height:
8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
Width:
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
Length:
Depth:
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Weight:
Area:

Overall Depth (Drywall): 4.5”, 6.5” | 11.4, 16.5 cm

Stud Width: 1.625” | 4.1 cm (Typical)

Punch Size: 4” x 1.5” | 10.2 x 3.8 cm

Bracing Size: 1.2” x .08” | 3 x .2 cm

Materials
Structural steel

Drawings include:

Strap Bracing Framed Steel Wall elevation (various sizes)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Steel Wall - Corner, Inside
Scale illustration of Steel Wall Inside Corner compared to other steel wall systems

Inside corner steel walls, constructed with four C-Studs meeting perpendicularly, are a method used in drywall framing to create a sturdy, angular connection between walls. The C-Studs, named for their channel-shaped cross-section, are aligned in pairs to form two walls that intersect at a 90-degree angle.

This construction method ensures structural integrity, stability, and clean finish in the corners of rooms. The C-Studs are usually fastened together and to the floor and ceiling tracks with screws or welding, and are particularly effective in optimizing space while creating sound and fire barriers in both residential and commercial settings.

Steel Wall Inside Corners are constructed with stud depths of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm). Overall heights for Steel Walls are typically between 8’-12’ (2.44-3.66 m).

Group of dimensioned illustrations of Steel Wall Inside Corner seen in elevation and plan
Inside corner steel walls, constructed with four C-Studs meeting perpendicularly, are a method used in drywall framing to create a sturdy, angular connection between walls. The C-Studs, named for their channel-shaped cross-section, are aligned in pairs to form two walls that intersect at 90-degrees.

Steel Wall Inside Corners are constructed with stud depths of 3.625”, 5.5” (9.2, 14 cm) and stud spacings of 12”, 16”, 24” (30.5, 40.6, 61 cm). Overall heights for Steel Walls are typically between 8’-12’ (2.44-3.66 m).

Group of dimensioned illustrations of Steel Wall Inside Corner seen in elevation and plan
Steel Wall - Corner, Inside
Height:
8’-28’ | 2.44-8.5 m (Overall); 8’-12’ | 2.44-3.66 m (Typical)
Width:
12”, 16”, 24” | 30.5, 40.6, 61 cm (Spacing)
Length:
Depth:
3.625”, 5.5” | 9.2, 14 cm (Stud)
Weight:
Area:
Materials
Structural steel

Drawings include:

Steel Wall Inside Corner elevation (various sizes), plan

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads