Steel Beams & Joists

Steel Beams & Joists

Description
Description

Steel beams and joists are structural elements used in construction to support floors, roofs, and other loads. Steel beams are long, slender members that carry tension and compression forces, while joists are shorter, thicker members that carry bending forces. Steel beams and joists are often used together to form a rigid frame that can support large loads. Steel beams and joists can also be easily transported and installed, which makes them a cost-effective choice for many construction projects.

History
History

Steel beams have been used in construction for over 150 years. The first steel beams were made from wrought iron, which is a type of iron that is more malleable than cast iron. Wrought iron beams were used in a variety of buildings, including bridges, factories, and warehouses. In the late 19th century, the Bessemer process was developed, which made it possible to produce steel more efficiently. This led to a decrease in the cost of steel beams, and they became more widely used in construction. Today, steel beams are used in a variety of buildings, including skyscrapers, stadiums, and airports.

Future
Future

Steel beams and joists are undergoing transformative changes. Innovations like lightweight steel and high-strength alloys are making construction more efficient. Prefabrication is streamlining projects, with builders choosing pre-made sections for speed and precision. Furthermore, steel's recyclability aligns with sustainable building trends, making it a go-to choice for eco-conscious designs. Advanced coatings protect steel from rust, extending the lifespan of buildings. These trends are setting the stage for durable, green, and efficient constructions in the future.

Common Questions
Common Questions
What can be adjusted to make a steel beam stronger?

The best way to make a steel beam stronger will depend on the specific application. In some cases, it may be sufficient to increase the cross-sectional area of the beam. In other cases, it may be necessary to use a higher-strength steel or add stiffeners to the beam. In still other cases, a composite beam may be the best option.

What gives a steel beam its strength?

Steel beams are strong because of their chemical composition, their manufacturing process, and the shape of the beam. teel is an alloy of iron and carbon, and the amount of carbon in the steel determines its strength. Steel with a higher carbon content is stronger, but it is also more brittle. Steel beams are typically made with a low carbon content, which gives them a good balance of strength and ductility.

What types of buildings use steel beams?

Steel beams are used in a variety of buildings, including residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural buildings. They are also used in bridges, stadiums, and other large structures. Steel beams are strong and durable, and they can support a lot of weight. They are also relatively inexpensive, which makes them a popular choice for many types of buildings.

Buildings

* Under Development *

6.3”-16.9” | 16-43 cm
.87”-2.64” | 2.2-6.7 cm
20’-54’ | 6.1-16.5 m
Steel Beam - Bulb Plate
43.000
6.700
1650.000
5
https://p3d.in/e/LIJQZ
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - Bulb PlatePerspective view of a 3D model of Bulb Plate Steel BeamPerspective view of a 3D model of Bulb Plate Steel Beam
1.35”-3.15” | 3.4-8 cm
3”-12” | 7.6-30.5 cm
4’-20’ | 1.22-6.1 m
Steel Beam - C-Channel
8.000
30.500
610.000
10
https://p3d.in/e/D3UVN
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - C-Channel3D model of C-Channel Steel Beam viewed in perspective3D model of C-Channel Steel Beam viewed in perspective
2”, 2.5” | 5.1, 6.4 cm
5.5”-10.5” | 14-26.7 cm
6’-25’ | 1.83-7.62 m
Steel Beam - C-Purlin
6.400
26.700
762.000
30
https://p3d.in/e/NXIH3
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - C-Purlin3D model of C-Purlin Steel Beam viewed in perspective3D model of C-Purlin Steel Beam viewed in perspective
4”-16” | 10.2–40.6 cm
4”-16” | 10.2–40.6 cm
8’-20’ | 2.44-6.1 m (Typical); 40’ | 12.2 m (Max)
Steel Beam - H-Section
40.600
40.600
610.000
250
https://p3d.in/e/ucYQ5
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - H-SectionPerspective view of a 3D model of H-Section Steel BeamPerspective view of a 3D model of H-Section Steel Beam
.6”-9.84” | 1.5-25 cm
.6”-9.84” | 1.5-25 cm
20’-54’ | 6.1-16.5 m
Steel Beam - L-Section
25.000
25.000
1650.000
50
https://p3d.in/e/xCVsY
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - L-SectionView of L-Section Steel Beam in 3D available for downloadView of L-Section Steel Beam in 3D available for download
3”-18” | 7.6-45.7 cm
8”-72” | 20.3-183 cm
12’-100’ | 3.66-30.5 m
Steel Beam - Open-Web Joist
45.700
183.000
3050.000
1900
https://p3d.in/e/NPNcK
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - Open-Web JoistView of Open-Web Steel Joist in 3D available for downloadView of Open-Web Steel Joist in 3D available for download
1”-12” | 2.5-30.5 cm
1”-12” | 2.5-30.5 cm
10’-20’ | 3.05-6.1 m
Steel Beam - T-Section
30.500
30.500
610.000
35
https://p3d.in/e/VUdeG
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - T-Section3D model of T-Section Steel Beam viewed in perspective3D model of T-Section Steel Beam viewed in perspective
1.35”-3.15” | 3.4-8 cm
3”-12” | 7.6-30.5 cm
4’-20’ | 1.22-6.1 m
Steel Beam - U-Channel
8.000
30.500
610.000
5
https://p3d.in/e/7y348
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - U-ChannelView of U-Channel Steel Beam in 3D available for downloadView of U-Channel Steel Beam in 3D available for download
4”-16” | 10.2–40.6 cm
4”-16” | 10.2–40.6 cm
8’-20’ | 2.44-6.1 m (Typical); 40’ | 12.2 m (Max)
Steel Beam - Wide Flange
40.600
40.600
610.000
1700
https://p3d.in/e/zyT5K
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - Wide Flange3D model of Wide Flange Steel Beam viewed in perspective3D model of Wide Flange Steel Beam viewed in perspective
3”-18” | 7.6-45.7 cm
4”-36” | 10.2-40.6 cm
12’-80’ | 3.66-24.4 m (Span)
Steel Beam - Wide Flange, 1:2
45.700
40.600
2440.000
1700
https://p3d.in/e/PLlKC
GUIDE
3D
Steel Beam - Wide Flange, 1:23D model of 1:2 Wide Flange Steel Beam viewed in perspective3D model of 1:2 Wide Flange Steel Beam viewed in perspective
1.5”-4.9” | 3.9-12.5 cm
1.5”-4.9” | 3.9-12.5 cm
2.5”-10” | 6.4-25.4 cm
Steel Connection - Cleat, Flange
12.500
12.500
25.400
10
https://p3d.in/e/1oRFZ
GUIDE
3D
Steel Connection - Cleat, FlangePerspective view of a 3D model of Flange Cleat Steel ConnectionPerspective view of a 3D model of Flange Cleat Steel Connection
2.5”-10” | 6.4-25.4 cm
1.5”-4.9” | 3.9-12.5 cm
1.5”-4.9” | 3.9-12.5 cm
Steel Connection - Cleat, Web
25.400
12.500
12.500
20
https://p3d.in/e/sCdXJ
GUIDE
3D
Steel Connection - Cleat, Web3D model of Web Cleat Steel Connection viewed in perspective3D model of Web Cleat Steel Connection viewed in perspective
7.5”-21.1” | 19-53.6 cm
4.1”-12.2” | 10.3-31 cm
.35”-.87” | 9-22 mm (Plate)
Steel Connection - End Plate
53.600
31.000
2.200
50
https://p3d.in/e/QorIo
GUIDE
3D
Steel Connection - End PlateView of End Plate Steel Connection in 3D available for downloadView of End Plate Steel Connection in 3D available for download
9.7”-26.1” | 24.6-66.4 cm
6.1”-13” | 15.4-33 cm
4.1”-12.2” | 10.3-31 cm
Steel Connection - End Plate, Extended
66.400
33.000
31.000
20
https://p3d.in/e/l4PRu
GUIDE
3D
Steel Connection - End Plate, ExtendedPerspective view of a 3D model of Extended End Plate Steel ConnectionPerspective view of a 3D model of Extended End Plate Steel Connection
.35”-.87” | 9-22 mm (Plate)
3.7”-12.25” | 9.4-31.1 cm
3.35”-10.5” | 8.5-26.6 cm
Steel Connection - Plate, Flange
2.200
31.100
36.600
700
https://p3d.in/e/rLoc6
GUIDE
3D
Steel Connection - Plate, FlangePerspective view of a 3D model of Flange Plate Steel ConnectionPerspective view of a 3D model of Flange Plate Steel Connection
12.8”-43.3” | 32.6-110 cm
21.6”-75.6” | 54.8-192 cm
.35”-.87” | 9-22 mm (Plate)
Steel Connection - Plate, Gusset
110.000
192.000
2.200
5300
https://p3d.in/e/WU9Xs
GUIDE
3D
Steel Connection - Plate, Gusset3D model of Gusset Plate Steel Connection viewed in perspective3D model of Gusset Plate Steel Connection viewed in perspective
Steel Beam - C-Channel
Comparison drawing of C-Channel Steel Beam compared to similar steel beams

C-channel steel beams are a type of structural steel beam that is shaped like a "C". They are made from hot-rolled carbon steel and are available in a variety of sizes and thicknesses. C-channel beams are used in a variety of applications, including construction, manufacturing, and transportation. They are known for their strength, durability, and versatility.

C-Channel Steel Beams are available in a range of sizes with widths between 1.35”-3.15” (3.4-8 cm), depths from 3”-12” (7.6-30.5 cm), and thicknesses between .12”-.4” (3-10 mm). C-Channel Steel Beams are available in typical lengths between 4’-20’ (1.22-6.1 m).

Scaled set of drawings of C-Channel Steel Beam in front, side and top views
C-channel steel beams are a type of structural steel beam that is shaped like a "C". They are made from hot-rolled carbon steel and are available in a variety of sizes and thicknesses. C-channel beams are used in a variety of applications, including construction, manufacturing, and transportation.

C-Channel Steel Beams are available in a range of sizes with widths between 1.35”-3.15” (3.4-8 cm), depths from 3”-12” (7.6-30.5 cm), and thicknesses between .12”-.4” (3-10 mm). C-Channel Steel Beams are available in typical lengths between 4’-20’ (1.22-6.1 m).

Scaled set of drawings of C-Channel Steel Beam in front, side and top views
Steel Beam - C-Channel
Height:
Width:
1.35”-3.15” | 3.4-8 cm
Length:
4’-20’ | 1.22-6.1 m
Depth:
3”-12” | 7.6-30.5 cm
Weight:
Area:

Thickness: .12”-.4” | 3-10 mm

Materials
Structural steel

Drawings include:

C-Channel Steel Beam plan (various sizes), elevation

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Steel Connection - End Plate, Extended
Style and size comparison drawing of Extended End Plate Steel Connection compared to other steel connection types

An extended end plate steel connection is a type of moment connection that uses a steel plate welded to the end of a beam section to transfer forces between the beam and an adjacent member. The end plate extends beyond the beam flanges, allowing for the use of bolts other than between the flanges. Haunched steel angles are typically added for increased strength. Extended end plate connections are typically used in frames subject to heavy lateral loadings or near inflection points of gable frames. They are also used for beam-to-column moment connections.

Extended End Plate Steel Connections are available in a range of sizes with plate widths between 6.1”-13” (15.4-33 cm), depths of 4.1”-12.2” (10.3-31 cm), and an overall height of 9.7”-26.1” (24.6-66.4 cm). Plate thicknesses are commonly between .35”-.87” (9-22 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of Extended End Plate Steel Connection viewed from the front and side
An extended end plate steel connection is a type of moment connection that uses a steel plate welded to the end of a beam section to transfer forces between the beam and an adjacent member. The end plate extends beyond the beam flanges, allowing for the use of bolts other than between the flanges.

Extended End Plate Steel Connections are available in a range of sizes with plate widths between 6.1”-13” (15.4-33 cm), depths of 4.1”-12.2” (10.3-31 cm), and an overall height of 9.7”-26.1” (24.6-66.4 cm). Plate thicknesses are commonly between .35”-.87” (9-22 mm).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of Extended End Plate Steel Connection viewed from the front and side
Steel Connection - End Plate, Extended
Height:
9.7”-26.1” | 24.6-66.4 cm
Width:
6.1”-13” | 15.4-33 cm
Length:
Depth:
4.1”-12.2” | 10.3-31 cm
Weight:
Area:

Thickness: .35”-.87” | 9-22 mm

Materials
Structural Steel

Drawings include:

Extended End Plate Steel Connection elevations, plan (various sizes)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Steel Beam - T-Section (T-Bar)
Comparison drawing of T-Section Steel Beam compared to similar steel beams

T-section (T-bar) steel beams are a type of structural steel beam with a "T"-shaped cross-section. They are typically used in load-bearing applications, such as supporting roofs and floors. T-section beams are strong and durable, and they can be made from a variety of materials, including mild steel, stainless steel, and aluminum. They are also relatively easy to fabricate and install, making them a popular choice for a variety of construction projects.

T-Section Steel Beams are available in a range of sizes with widths between 1”-12” (2.5-30.5 cm), depths from 1”-12” (2.5-30.5 cm), and thicknesses between .08”-.8” (2-20 mm). T-Section Steel Beams are available in typical lengths between 10’-20’ (3.05-6.1 m).

Scaled set of drawings of T-Section Steel Beam in front, side and top views
T-section (T-bar) steel beams are a type of structural steel beam with a "T"-shaped cross-section. They are typically used in load-bearing applications, such as supporting roofs and floors. T-section beams are strong and durable.

T-Section Steel Beams are available in a range of sizes with widths between 1”-12” (2.5-30.5 cm), depths from 1”-12” (2.5-30.5 cm), and thicknesses between .08”-.8” (2-20 mm). T-Section Steel Beams are available in typical lengths between 10’-20’ (3.05-6.1 m).

Scaled set of drawings of T-Section Steel Beam in front, side and top views
Steel Beam - T-Section (T-Bar)
Height:
Width:
1”-12” | 2.5-30.5 cm
Length:
10’-20’ | 3.05-6.1 m
Depth:
1”-12” | 2.5-30.5 cm
Weight:
Area:

Thickness: .08”-.8” | 2-20 mm

Materials
Structural steel

Drawings include:

T-Section Steel Beam plan (various sizes), elevation

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Steel Connection - Plate, Gusset
Comparison drawing of Gusset Plate Steel Connection compared to similar steel connections

A gusset plate steel connection is a type of structural connection that uses a flat, triangular or rectangular plate of metal (the gusset plate) to connect two or more steel members together. The gusset plate is typically made of high-strength steel and is welded or bolted to the members. Gusset plate connections are commonly used in steel buildings, bridges and other structures. They are a versatile and efficient way to connect steel members, and they can be designed to accommodate a wide range of loads and forces.

Gusset Plate Steel Connections are available in a range of sizes with widths between 21.6”-75.6” (54.8-192 cm), heights of 12.8”-43.3” (32.6-110 cm), and plate thicknesses of .35”-.87” (9-22 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of Gusset Plate Steel Connection in front and side views
A gusset plate steel connection is a type of structural connection that uses a flat, triangular or rectangular plate of metal (the gusset plate) to connect two or more steel members together. The gusset plate is typically made of high-strength steel and is welded or bolted to the members.

Gusset Plate Steel Connections are available in a range of sizes with widths between 21.6”-75.6” (54.8-192 cm), heights of 12.8”-43.3” (32.6-110 cm), and plate thicknesses of .35”-.87” (9-22 mm).

Scaled set of drawings of Gusset Plate Steel Connection in front and side views
Steel Connection - Plate, Gusset
Height:
12.8”-43.3” | 32.6-110 cm
Width:
21.6”-75.6” | 54.8-192 cm
Length:
Depth:
.35”-.87” | 9-22 mm (Plate)
Weight:
Area:
Materials
Structural Steel

Drawings include:

Gusset Plate Steel Connection elevations (various sizes)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Steel Beam - H-Section
Style and size comparison drawing of H-Section Steel Beam compared to other steel beam types

H-section steel beams are a type of structural steel beam with a cross-section that resembles the letter "H." H-Sections have equal web and flange thicknesses. They are made of rolled steel and are available in a variety of sizes and strengths. H-section steel beams are commonly used in construction, where they are used to support floors, roofs, and other structures. They are also used in manufacturing, mining, and other industries. H-section steel beams are strong and versatile, and they offer a number of advantages over other types of structural beams.

H-Section Steel Beams are available in a range of sizes with widths between 4”-16” (10.2–40.6 cm), depths from 4”-16” (10.2–40.6 cm), and shared thicknesses between .35”-.83” (9-21 mm). H-Section Steel Beams are available in typical lengths between 8’-20’ (2.44-6.1 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of H-Section Steel Beam viewed from the front, plan, and side
H-section steel beams are a type of structural steel beam with a cross-section that resembles the letter "H." H-Sections have equal web and flange thicknesses. They are made of rolled steel and are available in a variety of sizes and strengths.

H-Section Steel Beams are available in a range of sizes with widths between 4”-16” (10.2–40.6 cm), depths from 4”-16” (10.2–40.6 cm), and shared thicknesses between .35”-.83” (9-21 mm). H-Section Steel Beams are available in typical lengths between 8’-20’ (2.44-6.1 m).

Set of scaled dimensioned drawings of H-Section Steel Beam viewed from the front, plan, and side
Steel Beam - H-Section
Height:
Width:
4”-16” | 10.2–40.6 cm
Length:
8’-20’ | 2.44-6.1 m (Typical); 40’ | 12.2 m (Max)
Depth:
4”-16” | 10.2–40.6 cm
Weight:
Area:

Flange: .35”-.83” | 9-21 mm

Web: .35”-.83” | 9-21 mm

Materials
Structural steel

Drawings include:

H-Section Steel Beam plan (various sizes), elevation

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads