A horse is an odd-toed ungulate mammal that has been widely domesticated by humans since about 4000 BC. Horses have been bred and domesticated for many reasons over the years such as working, racing, and riding. Horses are able to walk and run shortly after being born.
Horse Racing is a competitive sport based on how quickly an individual or multiple horses can outrun each other over the course of a set distance. Horse racing has occurred in ancient civilizations such as Greece and Egypt. Horse races may involve only select breeds, obstacles, or varying distances.
The Clydesdale Horse is a Scottish horse-drawn breed. This is known after its place of roots, the Clydesdale or the valley of the River Clyde, much of which is situated in the county of Lanarkshire. It is a large and strong animal, but not as heavy as it was in the past. Clydesdale Horses have a shoulder height of 16-18 hands (64”-72” | 162-183 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1800-2200 lb (816-998 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20-25 years. Clydesdale Horses have coat colors of bay with white blaze (common), black, chestnut, gray, pinto, and roan.
The Thoroughbred Horse is a horse breed commonly known for its use in professional horse racing. Although the term thoroughbred is often used to apply to any breed of purebred horse, theoretically it applies exclusively to the Thoroughbred breed. Thoroughbred Horses have a shoulder height of 15-17 hands (60”-68” | 152-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1150 lb (408-522 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Thoroughbreds have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, brown, gray, roan, palomino, and white.
The Haflinger Horse, also known as the Avelignese, is a horse breed established towards the end of the 19th century in Austria and Northern Italy. Haflinger Horses are very small, mostly flax-male and tail-male chestnut and have strong-defined smooth gaits, and still elegantly stirred. Haflinger Horses have a shoulder height of 13.5-15 hands (54”-60” | 137-152 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1300 lb (363-590 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Haflinger Horses have a Chestnut coat color.
The Morgan Horse is one of the United States’ oldest breeds of horses. The Morgan Horse is a lightweight and elegant breed, typically bay, black, and chestnut brown, but it is available in other shades, including numerous pint-variations. The breed is renowned for its flexibility and discipline. Morgan Horses have a shoulder height of 14-15.25 hands (56”-61” | 142-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1100 lb (408-499 kg), and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Morgan Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and chestnut.
The Friesian Horse is a breed of horses from Friesland, the Netherlands. While the shape of the breed is like that of an easy draught, the Friesian horses are pleasant and sizable. The Friesian horse is most recognized for its black color, but often they are born in a chestnut color. Friesian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-17 hands (58”-68” | 147-173 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1200-1400 lb (544-635 kg) and a typical lifespan of 16 years. Friesian Horses have black coats.
The Shire Horse, Equus Caballus, is a British breed of the draft horse, a horse used to draw or haul objects. This horse breed is typically black, bay, or grey. The Shire Horse is tall and this breed has held the world record various times for the largest horse and tallest horse. Shire Horses have a shoulder height of 16-19 hands (64”-76” | 163-193 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1975-2425 lb (900–1100 kg) and a typical lifespan of 24-28 years. Shire Horses have coat colors of black, bay, brown, grey.
Miniature Horses are characterized by their limited height. This is the product of decades of selective breeding as seen in several countries, like Europe and the United States. Mini horses are typically bred for fun and successful connections between people. Miniature Horses have a shoulder height of 8.5-9.5 hands (34”-38” | 86-97 cm), an overall weight in the range of 150-350 lb (68-159 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Miniature Horses have coat colors of bay, black, and palomino.
The Appaloosa Horse is an American horse breed most famous for its colorful pattern of spotted coats. There are a variety of body types within the race, which stem from various horse races' historical influence. The pattern of each horse is genetically derived from the various patterns of spots. Appaloosa Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 950-1250 lb (431-567 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Appaloosa Horses have coat color and spotting variations labeled as: spots, snowflake, snowcap, frost, blanket, Roan blanket, Appaloosa Roan, leopard, and mottled.
The Andalusian Horse is a breed from the Iberian Peninsula and is also known as Pure Spanish Horse, where its forefathers lived for thousands of years. Andalusian Horses have long, thick manes and tails, strongly built and compact yet elegant. Andalusian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.75-15.5 hands (59”-62” | 150-158 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1200 lb (408-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25 years. Andalusian Horses have coat colors of gray (common), bay, black, and chestnut.
The Arabian Horse has been bred on the Arab Peninsula. The Arabian Horse is one of the world's most identifiable species with its characteristic head shape and long tail. The Arabian horses have polished, wedge-shaped ears, short foreheads, wide lips, big noses, and tiny muzzles. Arabian Horses have a shoulder height of 14.25-15.25 hands (57”-61” | 145-155 cm), an overall weight in the range of 800-1000 lb (363-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 25-30 years. Arabian Horses have coat colors of bay, black, chestnut, and gray.
The American Paint Horse is a horse breeding that combines the confirmative characteristics of a western stocking horse with a pinto pattern of colors of brown and white. Spots can have any shape or scale-like the Appaloosa Horse and can be found on part of the Paint Horse. American Paint Horses have a shoulder height of 14.5-16 hands (58”-64” | 147-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 1000-1200 lb (454-544 kg) and a typical lifespan of 31 years. American Paint Horses have a range of coat colors and patterns including blanket, few spot, flecked, leopard, mottled, overo, pintaloosa, sabino overo, tobiano, tovero, and varnish.
The Quarter Horse is an American horse breed that excels in short-distance sprinting, they were bred in Iberia and then brought to what is now the Southeastern United States. Its name is based on the ability to surpass other horse breeds in a quarter mile or less, some with speeds of up to 50 mph. American Quarter Horses have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1250 lb (408-567 kg), and a typical lifespan of 25-35 years. Quarter Horses have a broad range of coat colors including bay, brown, black, buckskin, chestnut, cremello, dun, gray, grullo, palomino, perlino, roan, and sorrel.
Pat Day is a retired American horse jockey known for having 8,803 career wins making him the 4th most winning horse jockey of all time. Pat Day learned to ride from his father and began his jockey career in 1973. His career wins included 9 Triple Crown wins, 12 Breeder’s Cup wins, and Breeder's Cup. Pat Day has a height of 4’11” (1.50 m).
Laffit Pincay Jr. is a horse jockey originally from Panama, who is known as one of the most winning horse jockey racers of all time. He is the most decorated horse jockey with 9,530 career wins. He learned to ride by watching his father who was also a horse jockey and in 1966 became sponsored. Laffit Pincay Jr has a height of 5’1” (1.55 m).
Mike E. Smith is an American horse jockey who is known as one of the leading horse riders in the United States. Mike E. Smith began riding at the age of 8 and started participating in races at the age of 11. He has been thoroughbred racing since the early 1990s and has won the most Breeders’ Cups. Mike E. Smith has a height of 5'4" (1.63 m).
Bill Shoemaker was an American horse jockey known for holding the world record for the most total professional jockey win for a total of 29 years. He had a total of 8,833 career wins that included 11 Triple Crown races throughout his career that spanned 4 decades. Bill Shoemaker had a height of 4’10” (1.47 m).
Frankie Dettori is an Italian horse racing jockey based in the United Kingdom, who is regarded by some as the best horse jockey currently riding. Franke Dettori first started horse riding at the age of 12 and won his first race at the age of 16. Frankie Dettori has a height of 5’4” (1.63 m).
John R. Velazquez is a Puerto Rican horse jockey involved in thoroughbred horse racing and known for his cool riding manner. John R. Velazquez won his first race in 1990 at the age of 19. He has over 6,000 career wins including 15 Breeders’ Cups, and 5 Triple Crown races. John R. Velazquez has a height of 5’6” (1.68 m).
The Ahkal-Teke is a Turkmenistan horse breed and is one of the oldest domesticated horse breeds. Their coat has a metallic sheen giving them their nickname, “Golden Horses”. Physically they are thin, have fine bones, and flat muscles. They are mostly found in Russia and Europe. Akhal-Tekes have a shoulder height of 14-16 hands (56”-64” | 142-163 cm), an overall weight in the range of 900-1000 lb (408-454 kg) and a typical lifespan of 20 years. Akhal-Tekes have coat colors of Black, bay, red.
The Equidae family is comprised of horses, donkeys, and zebras with only one existing family, Equus. The Equidae family most likely originated in North America, however, domestic zebras, horses, and donkeys now exist worldwide while wild horses and zebras exist only in Asia and Africa.
Carrying is an activity in which one moves or transports another person or object from one place to another. This type of movement is characterized by having some degree of physical contact between the person doing the carrying and the person or object being carried.
Donkeys, also known as asses or burros, are members of the horse family (Equidae) that are distinguished from horses by their stockier stature and floppy ears. The average Donkey has an overall height of 43.0”-57.0” (109-145 cm), withers height of 36.0”-48.0” (92-123 cm), and body length of 57.0”-76.0” (145-193 cm). A typical Donkey weighs between 400-500 lb (180-225 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25-40 years.
The Shetland Pony is a Scottish pony breed from the northern Scotland Shetland Islands. Shetland Ponies can be almost any color, like skewbald and pinto, but they are mostly black, chestnut, bay, brown, palomino, dun, roan, and silver. They have a heavy coating, short legs and are regarded as smart. Shetland Ponies have a shoulder height of 7-11 hands (28”-44” | 71-112 cm), an overall weight in the range of 400-450 lb (181-204 kg) and a typical lifespan of 30 years. Shetland Ponies have coat colors that include bay, black, brown, buckskin, champagne, chestnut, cream, dun, gray, palomino, and various types of roan.
Zebra are a variation of the horse family known for their uniquely distinct coats of black-and-white stripes. Not unlike a fingerprint, the patterns on every individual zebra are different and are used as a form of camouflage that makes it difficult for predators to target a single zebra in a herd. The average Zebra has an overall height of 51.0"-75.0" (1.3-1.9 m), withers height of 42.0"-60.0" (1.1-1.5 m), and body length of 64.0"-96.0" (1.6-2.4 m). A typical Zebra weighs between 440-990 lb (200-450 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 25 years.
Odd-toed ungulates, in comparison to even-toed ungulates, bear the majority of weight on one toe only; their third toe. The odd-toed ungulate family is rather small, consisting of horses, donkeys, tapirs, and rhinoceros. Odd-toed ungulates digest cellulose in their intestines, not their stomach.
Horseshoes is a recreational sport, where players attempt to throw a horseshoe and catch it on or land it near a stake set into the ground. Rising in popularity during the early 20th century in the United States, the game is only requires a horseshoe and a stake that is set a certain distance away.
A roadster, also known as a Spyder, is an open roof-top car that is usually configured with two seats, a lightweight frame, quick off the line speed, and a stylish sporty look. The origin of the term roadster comes from the nineteenth century which was used in North America.
Coupés, or coupes, are cars with two doors and a fixed-roof body. Coupes are often understood as the sporty streamlined shorter variation of an automobile manufacturer’s sedan option and generally seats at least two people.