Even-Toed Ungulates

Even-toed ungulates received their name because they are hoofed creatures with five toes and they primarily put their weight on two of their five toes. Members of this family include camels, alpacas, llamas, pigs, and more. There is a great diversity within the family of even-toed ungulates and are the most successful group of large herbivores in existence. Oddly enough, whales and dolphins evolved from this group and there has been classification drama over whether to merge their two orders. Also, in recent news, a rare member of the even-toed ungulates, the silver-backed mouse deer, was just spotted in Vietnam in November 2019 for the first time since the 1990s.

Which animals are even-toed ungulates?

There are about 220 species of even-toed ungulates. Animals that are even-toed ungulates include the saola, pygmy hog, bawean deer, addax, tamaraw, togian babirusa, walia ibex, and rhim gazelle. Other animals include the four-horned antelope, gaur, taruca, wild yak, moose, domestic sheep, and domestic pig.

What are the differences between even and odd-toed ungulates?

The most notable difference between odd and even-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4) while odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes. Also, there are 220 species of even-toed ungulates while there are 17 species of odd-toed ungulates.

What are the shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates?

Shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates include them being mostly herbivores, and having 2 or 4 functional toes. Almost all species of even-toed ungulates have a form of weapon like unbranched horns, forked horns, antlers, well-developed canines or tusks. They also have grooves at their ankle joints while helps them resist lateral motion.

Even-Toed Ungulates Guides
Browse through our curated Even-Toed Ungulates Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Even-Toed Ungulates. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Even-Toed Ungulates

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8’3”-13’ | 2.5-4 m
10’-16’6” | 3-5 m
5,500-15,400 lb | 2,500-7,000 kg
70 years
African Elephant
400.000
500.000
7000.000
70.00
293000
3D
African Elephant
Alpaca
137000
39.0"-46.0" | 99-117 cm
48.0"-84.0" | 122-213 cm
45-68 lb | 100-175 kg
15-25 years
Alpaca
117.000
213.000
175.000
15.00
137000
3D
Alpaca
60"-78" (5’-6’6”) | 1.52-1.98 m
79.0"-138.0" (6’7”-11’6”) | 2-3.5 m
660-2,200 lb | 300-1000 kg
15 years (wild), 25 years (captivity)
American Bison
198.000
350.000
1000.000
15.00
100000
3D
American Bison
84" (7’) | 2.13 m
89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) | 225-350 cm
990-1100 lb | 450-500 kg
20-40 years; 50 (wild)
Bactrian Camel
213.000
350.000
500.000
20.00
12000
3D
Bactrian Camel
3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
10-20 years
Barasingha
125.000
180.000
280.000
20.00
1400
3D
Barasingha
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
15-20 years
Bawean Deer
70.000
140.000
60.000
20.00
400
3D
Bawean Deer
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
20”-38” | 51-97 cm
35”-71” | 90-180 cm
300-700 lb | 140-300 kg
6-10 years (farm); 15-20 years (pet)
Domestic Pig
97.000
180.000
300.000
10.00
53000
3D
Domestic Pig
84" (7’) | 2.13 m
86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) | 219-341 cm
880-1320 lb | 400-600 kg
40-50 years
Dromedary Camel
213.000
341.000
600.000
40.00
3400
3D
Dromedary Camel
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
3D
Elk | Wapiti
2’6”-3’1” | 76-94 cm
4’3”-5’3” | 130-160 cm
65-220 lb | 29-100 kg
8-15 years
Fallow Deer
94.000
160.000
100.000
15.00
19000
3D
Fallow Deer
Gazelle
237000
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
90-180 lb | 41-82 kg
10-12 years
Gazelle
125.000
125.000
82.000
10.00
237000
3D
Gazelle
2’6”-3’7” | 76-110 cm
4’3”-6’11” | 130-210 cm
220-600 lb | 100-275 kg
5 years average (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Giant Forest Hog
110.000
210.000
275.000
20.00
1400
3D
Giant Forest Hog
Giraffe
302000
18’-20’ | 5.5-6.0 m
7.5’-8.5' | 2.2-2.6 m
1,750-2,800 lb | 795-1,270 kg
25 years
Giraffe
600.000
260.000
1270.000
25.00
302000
3D
Giraffe
Goat
432000
30.0" | 76 cm
39.0" | 99 cm
44-310 lbs | 19-140 kg
15-18 years
Goat
76.000
99.000
140.000
18.00
432000
3D
Goat
Guanaco
15000
57"-61" | 145-155 cm
82"-86" | 210-220 cm
200-310 lb | 90-140 kg
20-25 years
Guanaco
155.000
220.000
140.000
20.00
15000
3D
Guanaco
54.0"-78.0" (4’6"-6'6") | 1.4-2 m
114.0"-168.0" (9’6"-14’) | 2.9-4.3 m
3,100-8,800 lb | 1,500-4,000 kg
40-50 years
Hippopotamus
200.000
430.000
4000.000
50.00
84000
3D
Hippopotamus
62.0"-69.0" | 1.6-1.8 m
92.0"-103.0" | 2.3-2.6 m
1,400-2,000 lb | 635-907 kg
4-5 years (farm); 20 (natural)
Holstein Friesian Cattle
180.000
260.000
907.000
5.00
194000
3D
Holstein Friesian Cattle
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
10-15 years
Irish Elk
213.000
320.000
700.000
15.00
19000
3D
Irish Elk
Llama
154000
67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) | 1.7-1.8 m
72"-78" (6’-6’6”) | 1.8-2.0 m
290-440 lb | 130-200 kg
15-25 years
Llama
180.000
200.000
200.000
15.00
154000
3D
Llama
3’7”-4’ | 109-122 cm
6’-6’6” | 183-198 cm
155-330 lb | 70-150 kg
10-15 years
Marsh Deer
122.000
198.000
150.000
15.00
600
3D
Marsh Deer
14”-20” | 36-51 cm
22”-32” | 56-130 cm
50-200 lb | 23-90 kg
5 years (typical); 12-18 years (captivity)
Miniature Pig
51.000
130.000
90.000
18.00
12000
3D
Miniature Pig
Moose
176500
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
15-25 years
Moose
211.000
305.000
680.000
25.00
176500
3D
Moose
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
15-22 years
Mule Deer
107.000
168.000
150.000
22.00
38000
3D
Mule Deer
23”-26” | 58-66 cm
33”-43” | 85-110 cm
100-220 lb | 45-100 kg
Up to 20 years (wild); up to 24 years (captivity)
North Sulawesi Babirusa
66.000
110.000
100.000
24.00
150
3D
North Sulawesi Babirusa
Pudú
12300
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
8-10 years
Pudú
38.000
85.000
15.000
10.00
12300
3D
Pudú
8”-12” | 20-31 cm
22”-28” | 55-71 cm
14-22 lb | 6.5-10 kg
Up to 14 years (captivity)
Pygmy Hog
31.000
71.000
10.000
14.00
1500
3D
Pygmy Hog
2’3”-2’4” | 70-72 cm
2’3”-4’3” | 70-130 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
7-12 years
Red Brocket
72.000
130.000
25.000
12.00
305
3D
Red Brocket
3’3”-3’11” | 100-120 cm
5’6”-8’6” | 168-259 cm
250-550 lb | 113-250 kg
10-15 years
Red Deer
120.000
259.000
250.000
15.00
18000
3D
Red Deer
1’10”-2’7” | 56-79 cm
3’4”-5’ | 102-152 cm
100-285 lb | 45-130 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Red River Hog
79.000
152.000
130.000
20.00
3400
3D
Red River Hog
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
15-20 years
Reindeer | Caribou
140.000
220.000
320.000
20.00
204000
3D
Reindeer | Caribou
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
7-10 years
Roe Deer
85.000
145.000
60.000
10.00
12000
3D
Roe Deer
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
10-20 years
Sambar Deer
160.000
269.000
544.000
20.00
4700
3D
Sambar Deer
Sheep
142000
46.0" | 117 cm
50.0" | 127 cm
80-400 lbs | 35-180 kg
10-12 years
Sheep
117.000
127.000
180.000
12.00
142000
3D
Sheep
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
10-15 years
Sika Deer
110.000
155.000
111.000
15.00
13000
3D
Sika Deer
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
3D
Taruca
1’7”-2’4” | 48-71 cm
3’7”-5’4” | 109-163 cm
35-110 lb | 16-50 kg
10-15 years
Tufted Deer
71.000
163.000
50.000
15.00
6600
3D
Tufted Deer
Vicuña
18000
49"-52" | 124-132 cm
60"-72" | 152-183 cm
77-144 lb | 35-65 kg
20-24 years
Vicuña
132.000
183.000
65.000
20.00
18000
3D
Vicuña
Warthog
41000
25”-33” | 64-84 cm
36”-60” | 91-152 cm
120-250 lb | 55-110 kg
15-18 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Warthog
84.000
152.000
110.000
20.00
41000
3D
Warthog
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Wild Boar
91.000
183.000
100.000
20.00
39000
3D
Wild Boar
2’9”-3’ | 84-91 cm
5’6”-6’6” | 168-198 cm
450-750 lb | 204-340 kg
6-10 years (farm); 15-20 years (pet)
Yorkshire Pig
91.000
198.000
340.000
20.00
3500
3D
Yorkshire Pig
Sika Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a Sika Deer to an average human

Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), or Japanese Deer, are small to medium in scale deer that is most common found in Japan. Sika Deer have spotted bodies paired with smaller legs and heads than most deer. Like other species, male Sika Deer have antlers with three or four tines. Some males get more tines depending on if they are more dominant within the herd.

While female Sika Deer do not grow antlers, they instead have two black bumps that grow on their heads in the same position. Sika Deer are found with a wide variety of colors and patterning from a white gray or a medium tone brown.

Sika Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-3’7” (65-110 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’5”-5’1” (105-155 cm), and overall weights of 55-245 lb (25-111 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sika Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Sika Deer
Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), or Japanese Deer, are small to medium in scale deer that is most common found in Japan. Sika Deer have spotted bodies paired with smaller legs and heads than most deer. Like other species, male Sika Deer have antlers with three or four tines.

Sika Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-3’7” (65-110 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’5”-5’1” (105-155 cm), and overall weights of 55-245 lb (25-111 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sika Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Sika Deer
Sika Deer
Height:
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
Width:
Length:
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
Depth:
Weight:
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Cervus nippon
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Sika Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

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Vicuña
Size comparison drawing of a Vicuña to the height of a woman with dimensions labeled for heights and body length

The Vicuña is one of the two wild South American camelids that live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, with the other species being the Guanaco. The Vicuña is highly prized for its fine coat, which can only be shone every three years. The fine fibers of their coat have been desired since Incan times, when garments made from Vicuña wool were reserved for royalty only. The Vicuña is the national animal of Peru and is protected by conservationists after a brief stint on the endangered animals list in 1974. Despite being previously considered distinct from the Alpaca and the Llama, recent DNA research has revealed potential wild Vicuña parentage in domesticated Alpaca.

The average Vicuña has an overall height of 49"-52" (124-132 cm), withers height of 34"-36" (86-90 cm), and body length of 60"-72" (152-183 cm). A typical Vicuña weighs between 77-144 lb (35-65 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-24 years.

Collection of front and side elevation illustrations of Vicuña in various postures from eating to standing upright
The Vicuña is one of the two wild South American camelids that live in the high alpine areas of the Andes. The Vicuña is highly prized for its fine coat, which can only be shone every three years and is the national animal of Peru.

The average Vicuña has an overall height of 49"-52" (124-132 cm), withers height of 34"-36" (86-90 cm), and body length of 60"-72" (152-183 cm). A typical Vicuña weighs between 77-144 lb (35-65 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 20-24 years.

Collection of front and side elevation illustrations of Vicuña in various postures from eating to standing upright
Vicuña
Height:
49"-52" | 124-132 cm
Width:
Length:
60"-72" | 152-183 cm
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
34"-36" | 86-90 cm
Weight:
77-144 lb | 35-65 kg
Area:

Uses: Wool

Scientific Name
Vicugna vicugna
Lifespan
20-24 years

Drawings include:
Vicuña side elevation (standing), side (person), front, eating, back

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Common Warthog
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Common Warthog compared to an average person

Common Warthogs are medium-sized wild pigs with a large head that is accompanied by large tusks that can grow up to 25 inches (63.5 cm). Having those large tusks helps the warthog defend itself from its larger prey.

Warthogs have bristly black hair covering their black and/or brown skin. They are also omnivores but mainly stick to a plant-based diet since they only eat meat if they need too. Warthogs can be found all over Africa as they are not territorial and travel to find their suitable home. Warthogs are not the prettiest animal, but they are one of the smartest in Africa.

Common Warthogs have a height between 25”-33” (64-84 cm), body length of 36”-60” (91-152 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 120-250 lb (55-110 k)g. The lifespan of a Common Warthog is typically 15-18 years in the wild, or up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Common Warthog
Common Warthogs are medium-sized wild pigs with a large head that is accompanied by large tusks that can grow up to 25 inches (63.5 cm). Having those large tusks helps the warthog defend itself from its larger prey. Warthogs have bristly black hair covering their black and/or brown skin.

Common Warthogs have a height between 25”-33” (64-84 cm), body length of 36”-60” (91-152 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 120-250 lb (55-110 k)g. The lifespan of a Common Warthog is typically 15-18 years in the wild, or up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Common Warthog
Common Warthog
Height:
25”-33” | 64-84 cm
Width:
Length:
36”-60” | 91-152 cm
Depth:
Weight:
120-250 lb | 55-110 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Phacochoerus africanus
Lifespan
15-18 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Common Warthog side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

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Mule Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a Mule Deer to an average human

The Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is deer species indigenous to western North America and is named for its large eyes that resemble those of a mule. Mule Deer’s are mainly found throughout the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and North America's West Coast. Argentina and Kauai, Hawaii were also introduced to the Mule Deer.

Often compared to the White-Tailed Deer, the most notable distinctions between them are that the Mule Deer has larger ears, black-tipped tail color instead of white, and antlers that become "forks" when they grow instead of being branched off a single main beam.

Mule Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’8”-3’6” (81-107 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-5’6” (109-168 cm), and overall weights of 99-330 lb (45-150 kg). The lifespan of a wild Mule Deer is roughly 15-22 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Mule Deer
The Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is deer species indigenous to western North America and is named for its large eyes that resemble those of a mule. Mule Deer’s are mainly found throughout the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and North America's West Coast.

Mule Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’8”-3’6” (81-107 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-5’6” (109-168 cm), and overall weights of 99-330 lb (45-150 kg). The lifespan of a wild Mule Deer is roughly 15-22 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Mule Deer
Mule Deer
Height:
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
Width:
Length:
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
Depth:
Weight:
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Odocoileus hemionus
Lifespan
15-22 years

Drawings include:

Mule Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Gazelle
Comparison with measurements illustrating the size of a Gazelle to a human woman

Gazelles are medium-sized antelopes known for their ringed horns and swift running speeds that can reach up to 40 mph (64 km/h). Living in large herds of several hundred, gazelles graze in wide-open plains in search of grasses, shoots, and leaves.

The average Gazelle has an overall height of 42.0”-49.0” (107-125 cm), withers height of 30.0”-37.0” (76-94 cm), and body length of 42.0”-49.0” (107-125 cm). A typical Gazelle weighs between 90-180 lb (41-82 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.

Drawings of Gazelles from the side, front, back and laying down
Gazelles are medium-sized antelopes known for their ringed horns and swift speeds up to 40 mph (64 km/h). Living in large herds, gazelles graze in open plains in search of grasses, shoots, and leaves.

The average Gazelle has an overall height of 42.0”-49.0” (107-125 cm), withers height of 30.0”-37.0” (76-94 cm), and body length of 42.0”-49.0” (107-125 cm). A typical Gazelle weighs between 90-180 lb (41-82 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-12 years.

Drawings of Gazelles from the side, front, back and laying down
Gazelle
Height:
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
Width:
Length:
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
Depth:
30.0”-37.0” | 76-94 cm
Weight:
90-180 lb | 41-82 kg
Area:
Gazella
10-12 years

Drawings include:
Gazelle side profile (standing), front, back, side (laying down)

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