Even-Toed Ungulates

Even-toed ungulates received their name because they are hoofed creatures with five toes and they primarily put their weight on two of their five toes. Members of this family include camels, alpacas, llamas, pigs, and more. There is a great diversity within the family of even-toed ungulates and are the most successful group of large herbivores in existence. Oddly enough, whales and dolphins evolved from this group and there has been classification drama over whether to merge their two orders. Also, in recent news, a rare member of the even-toed ungulates, the silver-backed mouse deer, was just spotted in Vietnam in November 2019 for the first time since the 1990s.

Which animals are even-toed ungulates?

There are about 220 species of even-toed ungulates. Animals that are even-toed ungulates include the saola, pygmy hog, bawean deer, addax, tamaraw, togian babirusa, walia ibex, and rhim gazelle. Other animals include the four-horned antelope, gaur, taruca, wild yak, moose, domestic sheep, and domestic pig.

What are the differences between even and odd-toed ungulates?

The most notable difference between odd and even-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4) while odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes. Also, there are 220 species of even-toed ungulates while there are 17 species of odd-toed ungulates.

What are the shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates?

Shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates include them being mostly herbivores, and having 2 or 4 functional toes. Almost all species of even-toed ungulates have a form of weapon like unbranched horns, forked horns, antlers, well-developed canines or tusks. They also have grooves at their ankle joints while helps them resist lateral motion.

Even-Toed Ungulates Guides
Browse through our curated Even-Toed Ungulates Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Even-Toed Ungulates. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Even-Toed Ungulates

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Alpaca
137000
39"-46" | 99-117 cm
48"-84" | 122-213 cm
45-68 lb | 100-175 kg
15-25 years
Alpaca
117.000
213.000
175.000
25.00
137000
3D
Alpaca
60"-78" (5’-6’6”) | 1.52-1.98 m
79.0"-138.0" (6’7”-11’6”) | 2-3.5 m
660-2,200 lb | 300-1000 kg
15 years (wild), 25 years (captivity)
American Bison
198.000
350.000
1000.000
15.00
100000
3D
American Bison
7’ | 2.13 m
7.42'-11.5' | 2.25-3.5 m
990-1100 lb | 450-500 kg
20-40 years; 50 (wild)
Bactrian Camel
213.000
350.000
500.000
50.00
12000
3D
Bactrian Camel
3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
10-20 years
Barasingha
125.000
180.000
280.000
20.00
1400
3D
Barasingha
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
15-20 years
Bawean Deer
70.000
140.000
60.000
20.00
400
3D
Bawean Deer
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
20”-38” | 51-97 cm
35”-71” | 90-180 cm
300-700 lb | 140-300 kg
6-10 years (farm); 15-20 years (pet)
Domestic Pig
97.000
180.000
300.000
10.00
53000
3D
Domestic Pig
7’ | 2.13 m
7.17'-11.17' | 2.19-3.41 m
880-1320 lb | 400-600 kg
40-50 years
Dromedary Camel
213.000
341.000
600.000
50.00
3400
3D
Dromedary Camel
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
3D
Elk | Wapiti
2’6”-3’1” | 76-94 cm
4’3”-5’3” | 130-160 cm
65-220 lb | 29-100 kg
8-15 years
Fallow Deer
94.000
160.000
100.000
15.00
19000
3D
Fallow Deer
Gazelle
237000
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
90-180 lb | 41-82 kg
10-12 years
Gazelle
125.000
125.000
82.000
10.00
237000
3D
Gazelle
2’6”-3’7” | 76-110 cm
4’3”-6’11” | 130-210 cm
220-600 lb | 100-275 kg
5 years average (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Giant Forest Hog
110.000
210.000
275.000
20.00
1400
3D
Giant Forest Hog
Giraffe
302000
18’-20’ | 5.5-6.0 m
7.5’-8.5' | 2.2-2.6 m
1,750-2,800 lb | 795-1,270 kg
25 years
Giraffe
600.000
260.000
1270.000
25.00
302000
3D
Giraffe
Goat
432000
30.0" | 76 cm
39.0" | 99 cm
44-310 lbs | 19-140 kg
15-18 years
Goat
76.000
99.000
140.000
18.00
432000
3D
Goat
Guanaco
15000
57"-61" | 145-155 cm
82"-86" | 210-220 cm
200-310 lb | 90-140 kg
20-25 years
Guanaco
155.000
220.000
140.000
25.00
15000
3D
Guanaco
54.0"-78.0" (4’6"-6'6") | 1.4-2 m
114.0"-168.0" (9’6"-14’) | 2.9-4.3 m
3,100-8,800 lb | 1,500-4,000 kg
40-50 years
Hippopotamus
200.000
430.000
4000.000
50.00
84000
3D
Hippopotamus
62.0"-69.0" | 1.6-1.8 m
92.0"-103.0" | 2.3-2.6 m
1,400-2,000 lb | 635-907 kg
4-5 years (farm); 20 (natural)
Holstein Friesian Cattle
180.000
260.000
907.000
5.00
194000
3D
Holstein Friesian Cattle
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
10-15 years
Irish Elk
213.000
320.000
700.000
15.00
19000
3D
Irish Elk
Llama
154000
67"-71" | 1.7-1.8 m
72"-78" | 1.8-2.0 m
290-440 lb | 130-200 kg
15-25 years
Llama
180.000
200.000
200.000
25.00
154000
3D
Llama
3’7”-4’ | 109-122 cm
6’-6’6” | 183-198 cm
155-330 lb | 70-150 kg
10-15 years
Marsh Deer
122.000
198.000
150.000
15.00
600
3D
Marsh Deer
14”-20” | 36-51 cm
22”-32” | 56-130 cm
50-200 lb | 23-90 kg
5 years (typical); 12-18 years (captivity)
Miniature Pig
51.000
130.000
90.000
18.00
12000
3D
Miniature Pig
Moose
176500
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
15-25 years
Moose
211.000
305.000
680.000
25.00
176500
3D
Moose
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
15-22 years
Mule Deer
107.000
168.000
150.000
22.00
38000
3D
Mule Deer
23”-26” | 58-66 cm
33”-43” | 85-110 cm
100-220 lb | 45-100 kg
Up to 20 years (wild); up to 24 years (captivity)
North Sulawesi Babirusa
66.000
110.000
100.000
24.00
150
3D
North Sulawesi Babirusa
Pudú
12300
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
8-10 years
Pudú
38.000
85.000
15.000
10.00
12300
3D
Pudú
8”-12” | 20-31 cm
22”-28” | 55-71 cm
14-22 lb | 6.5-10 kg
Up to 14 years (captivity)
Pygmy Hog
31.000
71.000
10.000
14.00
1500
3D
Pygmy Hog
2’3”-2’4” | 70-72 cm
2’3”-4’3” | 70-130 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
7-12 years
Red Brocket
72.000
130.000
25.000
12.00
305
3D
Red Brocket
3’3”-3’11” | 100-120 cm
5’6”-8’6” | 168-259 cm
250-550 lb | 113-250 kg
10-15 years
Red Deer
120.000
259.000
250.000
15.00
18000
3D
Red Deer
1’10”-2’7” | 56-79 cm
3’4”-5’ | 102-152 cm
100-285 lb | 45-130 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Red River Hog
79.000
152.000
130.000
20.00
3400
3D
Red River Hog
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
15-20 years
Reindeer | Caribou
140.000
220.000
320.000
20.00
204000
3D
Reindeer | Caribou
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
7-10 years
Roe Deer
85.000
145.000
60.000
10.00
12000
3D
Roe Deer
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
10-20 years
Sambar Deer
160.000
269.000
544.000
20.00
4700
3D
Sambar Deer
Sheep
142000
46.0" | 117 cm
50.0" | 127 cm
80-400 lbs | 35-180 kg
10-12 years
Sheep
117.000
127.000
180.000
12.00
142000
3D
Sheep
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
10-15 years
Sika Deer
110.000
155.000
111.000
15.00
13000
3D
Sika Deer
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
3D
Taruca
1’7”-2’4” | 48-71 cm
3’7”-5’4” | 109-163 cm
35-110 lb | 16-50 kg
10-15 years
Tufted Deer
71.000
163.000
50.000
15.00
6600
3D
Tufted Deer
Vicuña
18000
49"-52" | 124-132 cm
60"-72" | 152-183 cm
77-144 lb | 35-65 kg
20-24 years
Vicuña
132.000
183.000
65.000
24.00
18000
3D
Vicuña
Warthog
41000
25”-33” | 64-84 cm
36”-60” | 91-152 cm
120-250 lb | 55-110 kg
15-18 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Warthog
84.000
152.000
110.000
20.00
41000
3D
Warthog
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Wild Boar
91.000
183.000
100.000
20.00
39000
3D
Wild Boar
2’9”-3’ | 84-91 cm
5’6”-6’6” | 168-198 cm
450-750 lb | 204-340 kg
6-10 years (farm); 15-20 years (pet)
Yorkshire Pig
91.000
198.000
340.000
20.00
3500
3D
Yorkshire Pig
Moose | Eurasian Elk
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Moose (Eurasian Elk) to a typical person

Moose (Alces alces), also known as Eurasian Elk, are found in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia, are the largest member of the deer family. Moose comes from the word ‘moosh’ meaning “stripper and eater of bark” in the language of the Innu of Canada and is the common name for these mammals in North America. In Europe however, moose are called elk.

Physically, moose are grand in size due to their long legs, broad muzzle, and wide antlers. The shape of their muzzle aids in these mammals’ feeding on submerged aquatic vegetation. Personality-wise, moose are valiant and ready to be on the defense against predators such as grizzly bears, black bears, and wolf packs.

Moose (Eurasian Elk) have standing shoulder heights between 5’6”-6’11” (168-211 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9.2’-10’ (280-305 cm), and overall weights of 600-1500 lb (270-680 kg). The lifespan of a wild Moose is roughly 15-25 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Moose (Eurasian) Elk
Moose (Alces alces), also known as Eurasian Elk, are found in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia, are the largest member of the deer family. Moose comes from the word ‘moosh’ meaning “stripper and eater of bark" in the language of the Innu of Canada.

Moose (Eurasian Elk) have standing shoulder heights between 5’6”-6’11” (168-211 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9.2’-10’ (280-305 cm), and overall weights of 600-1500 lb (270-680 kg). The lifespan of a wild Moose is roughly 15-25 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Moose (Eurasian) Elk
Moose | Eurasian Elk
Height:
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
Width:
Length:
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
Depth:
Weight:
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Alces alces
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:

Moose (Eurasian Elk) side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down), side (walking)

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Llama (Lama glama)
Comparison drawing of a llama to the size of a human (Napoleon Dynamite) with dimensions for height and length

Llamas are domesticated herbivorous members of the camel family (camelids) characterized by their coats of thick wool and their upright posture. An iconic traditional South American animal, llamas have long been kept as useful beasts of burden that serve human needs for transportation of goods as well as for the production of wool and meat. Llamas live collectively with others in herds and are often used as guardians for other livestock because of their keen awareness and intelligence. Often confused with the alpaca, llamas are noticeably larger than alpacas and produce less wool.

The average Llama has an overall height of 67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) (1.7-1.8 m), withers (shoulder) height of 48"-53" (4’-4’5”) (1.2-1.3 m), and body length of 72"-78" (6’-6’6”) (1.8-2.0 m). A typical Llama weighs between 290-440 lb (130-200 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 15-25 years.

Multiple illustrations of a llama as viewed from the side profile, front, and laying down positions
Llamas are domesticated members of the camel family characterized by their coats of thick wool and their upright posture. An iconic traditional South American animal, llamas have long been kept as useful beasts of burden that serve human needs for transportation of goods as well as wool and meat.

The average Llama has an overall height of 67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) (1.7-1.8 m), withers (shoulder) height of 48"-53" (4’-4’5”) (1.2-1.3 m), and body length of 72"-78" (6’-6’6”) (1.8-2.0 m). A typical Llama weighs between 290-440 lb (130-200 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 15-25 years.

Multiple illustrations of a llama as viewed from the side profile, front, and laying down positions
Llama (Lama glama)
Height:
67"-71" | 1.7-1.8 m
Width:
Length:
72"-78" | 1.8-2.0 m
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
48"-53" | 1.2-1.3 m
Weight:
290-440 lb | 130-200 kg
Area:

Uses: Wool, pack (transport), meat (Peru), guards

Scientific Name
Lama glama
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:
Llamas side elevation (standing), side (Napoleon Dynamite), front, side (laying down)

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Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius)
Side elevation drawing of a Dromedary Camel compared to the height of a person with dimensions for heights and body length

The Dromedary Camel, also known as the Arabian Camel, is a one-humped camelid that resides primarily in Northern Africa, with a small feral population in Australia. The Dromedary Camel has not occurred in the wild for about 2,000 years after being domesticated about 4,000 in Arabian Peninsula. The Dromedary Camel is the tallest of all the camel species with a hump that can store up to 80 pounds of fat that can be converted to water in time of need. Due to its ability to store plenty of water reserves, the Dromedary Camel can cover distances of 100 miles in the desert and go several weeks without access to water.

The average Dromedary Camel has an overall height of 84" (7’) (2.13 m), withers height of 71"-78" (5’11”-6’6”) (180-198 cm), and body length of 86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) (219-341 cm). A typical Dromedary Camel weighs between 880-1320 lb (400-600 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 40-50 years.

Pair of illustrations of a Dromedary Camel viewed walking from the side and standing from behind
The Dromedary Camel is a one-humped camelid that resides in primarily in Northern Africa, with a small feral population in Australia. The Dromedary Camel is the tallest of all the camel species with a hump that can store up to 80 pounds of fat that can be converted to water in time of need.

The average Dromedary Camel has an overall height of 84" (7’) (2.13 m), withers height of 71"-78" (5’11”-6’6”) (180-198 cm), and body length of 86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) (219-341 cm). A typical Dromedary Camel weighs between 880-1320 lb (400-600 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 40-50 years.

Pair of illustrations of a Dromedary Camel viewed walking from the side and standing from behind
Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius)
Height:
7’ | 2.13 m
Width:
Length:
7.17'-11.17' | 2.19-3.41 m
Depth:
Withers Height (Shoulder)
5.92'-6.5' | 1.8-1.98 m
Weight:
880-1320 lb | 400-600 kg
Area:

Uses: Pack animal

Scientific Name
Camelus dromedarius
Lifespan
40-50 years

Drawings include:
Dromedary Cameld side elevation (standing), side (person), front, back, walking, lying down

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Wild Boar
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Wild Boar compared to an average person

Wild Boars (Sus scrofa) are a species of Suidae common to most of the Palearctic and has been introduced in the Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Caribbean Islands, and Southeast Asia. Humans have been responsible for contributing to the wide-ranging spread of the Wild Boar as it has proved to be highly adaptable to diverse environments and habitats.

The Wild Boar is a large, heavily developed pig with small-lean legs. The trunk of the Wild Boar is short and tough, while the back of the trunk is relatively underdeveloped. The area behind the shoulder blades rises to a hump and the neck is short and thick, making it one of the body deficiencies for the Wild Boar.

Wild Boars have a height between 2’6”-3’ (76-91 cm), body length of 5’-6’ (152-183 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 150-220 lb (68-100 kg). The lifespan of a Wild Boar is typically 10-14 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Wild Boar
Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is common to most of the Palearctic and has been introduced in the Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, the Caribbean Islands, and Southeast Asia. Human intervention has further spread it, making the species one of the largest mammals in the world, as well as the most widespread sp

Wild Boars have a height between 2’6”-3’ (76-91 cm), body length of 5’-6’ (152-183 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 150-220 lb (68-100 kg). The lifespan of a Wild Boar is typically 10-14 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Wild Boar
Wild Boar
Height:
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
Width:
Length:
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
Depth:
Weight:
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Sus scrofa
Lifespan
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Wild Boar side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

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Roe Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a Roe Deer to an average human

The beautiful Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a slender, medium-sized deer commonly native to the United Kingdom. Their range extends to parts of northern Europe and Asia to the high mountains of Central Asia, and from the south of Spain with varied habitats from woodland, forest, grassland and heathland environments.

Roe Deer have short antlers and no tail. The Roe Deer is predominantly white with a pale buff patch around the rear. Their hair turns reddish in the summer and gray in the winter. Like other deer, a “buck” is what a male Roe Deer is called, and the female is a “doe”.

Roe Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-2’9” (65-85 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-4’9” (95-145 cm), and overall weights of 33-132 lb (15-60 kg). The lifespan of a wild Roe Deer is roughly 7-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Roe Deer
The beautiful Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a slender, medium-sized deer commonly native to the United Kingdom. Their range extends to parts of northern Europe and Asia to the high mountains of Central Asia, and from the south of Spain with varied habitats including forests and grasslands.

Roe Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-2’9” (65-85 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-4’9” (95-145 cm), and overall weights of 33-132 lb (15-60 kg). The lifespan of a wild Roe Deer is roughly 7-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Roe Deer
Roe Deer
Height:
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
Width:
Length:
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
Depth:
Weight:
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Capreolus capreolus
Lifespan
7-10 years

Drawings include:

Roe Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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