Even-Toed Ungulates

Even-toed ungulates received their name because they are hoofed creatures with five toes and they primarily put their weight on two of their five toes. Members of this family include camels, alpacas, llamas, pigs, and more. There is a great diversity within the family of even-toed ungulates and are the most successful group of large herbivores in existence. Oddly enough, whales and dolphins evolved from this group and there has been classification drama over whether to merge their two orders. Also, in recent news, a rare member of the even-toed ungulates, the silver-backed mouse deer, was just spotted in Vietnam in November 2019 for the first time since the 1990s.

Which animals are even-toed ungulates?

There are about 220 species of even-toed ungulates. Animals that are even-toed ungulates include the saola, pygmy hog, bawean deer, addax, tamaraw, togian babirusa, walia ibex, and rhim gazelle. Other animals include the four-horned antelope, gaur, taruca, wild yak, moose, domestic sheep, and domestic pig.

What are the differences between even and odd-toed ungulates?

The most notable difference between odd and even-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4) while odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes. Also, there are 220 species of even-toed ungulates while there are 17 species of odd-toed ungulates.

What are the shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates?

Shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates include them being mostly herbivores, and having 2 or 4 functional toes. Almost all species of even-toed ungulates have a form of weapon like unbranched horns, forked horns, antlers, well-developed canines or tusks. They also have grooves at their ankle joints while helps them resist lateral motion.

Even-Toed Ungulates Guides
Browse through our curated Even-Toed Ungulates Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Even-Toed Ungulates. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.

Even-Toed Ungulates

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8’3”-13’ | 2.5-4 m
10’-16’6” | 3-5 m
5,500-15,400 lb | 2,500-7,000 kg
70 years
African Elephant
400.000
500.000
7000.000
70.00
293000
3D
African Elephant
Alpaca
137000
39.0"-46.0" | 99-117 cm
48.0"-84.0" | 122-213 cm
45-68 lb | 100-175 kg
15-25 years
Alpaca
117.000
213.000
175.000
15.00
137000
3D
Alpaca
84" (7’) | 2.13 m
89"-138" (7’5”-11’6”) | 225-350 cm
990-1100 lb | 450-500 kg
20-40 years; 50 (wild)
Bactrian Camel
213.000
350.000
500.000
20.00
12000
3D
Bactrian Camel
3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
10-20 years
Barasingha
125.000
180.000
280.000
20.00
1400
3D
Barasingha
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
15-20 years
Bawean Deer
70.000
140.000
60.000
20.00
400
3D
Bawean Deer
60.0"-78.0" (5’-6’6”) | 1.52-1.98 m
79.0"-138.0" (6’7”-11’6”) | 2-3.5 m
660-2,200 lb | 300-1000 kg
15 years (wild), 25 years (captivity)
Bison | Buffalo
198.000
350.000
1000.000
15.00
100000
3D
Bison | Buffalo
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
Dairy Cow
194000
62.0"-69.0" | 1.6-1.8 m
92.0"-103.0" | 2.3-2.6 m
1,400-2,000 lb | 635-907 kg
4-5 years (farm); 20 (natural)
Dairy Cow
180.000
260.000
907.000
5.00
194000
3D
Dairy Cow
20”-38” | 51-97 cm
35”-71” | 90-180 cm
300-700 lb | 140-300 kg
6-10 years (farm); 15-20 years (pet)
Domestic Pig
97.000
180.000
300.000
10.00
53000
3D
Domestic Pig
84" (7’) | 2.13 m
86"-134" (7’2”-11’2”) | 219-341 cm
880-1320 lb | 400-600 kg
40-50 years
Dromedary Camel
213.000
341.000
600.000
40.00
3400
3D
Dromedary Camel
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
3D
Elk | Wapiti
2’6”-3’1” | 76-94 cm
4’3”-5’3” | 130-160 cm
65-220 lb | 29-100 kg
8-15 years
Fallow Deer
94.000
160.000
100.000
15.00
19000
3D
Fallow Deer
Gazelle
237000
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
42.0”-49.0” | 107-125 cm
90-180 lb | 41-82 kg
10-12 years
Gazelle
125.000
125.000
82.000
10.00
237000
3D
Gazelle
2’6”-3’7” | 76-110 cm
4’3”-6’11” | 130-210 cm
220-600 lb | 100-275 kg
5 years average (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Giant Forest Hog
110.000
210.000
275.000
20.00
1400
3D
Giant Forest Hog
Giraffe
302000
18’-20’ | 5.5-6.0 m
7.5’-8.5' | 2.2-2.6 m
1,750-2,800 lb | 795-1,270 kg
25 years
Giraffe
600.000
260.000
1270.000
25.00
302000
3D
Giraffe
Goat
432000
30.0" | 76 cm
39.0" | 99 cm
44-310 lbs | 19-140 kg
15-18 years
Goat
76.000
99.000
140.000
18.00
432000
3D
Goat
Guanaco
15000
57"-61" | 145-155 cm
82"-86" | 210-220 cm
200-310 lb | 90-140 kg
20-25 years
Guanaco
155.000
220.000
140.000
20.00
15000
3D
Guanaco
54.0"-78.0" (4’6"-6'6") | 1.4-2 m
114.0"-168.0" (9’6"-14’) | 2.9-4.3 m
3,100-8,800 lb | 1,500-4,000 kg
40-50 years
Hippopotamus
200.000
430.000
4000.000
50.00
84000
3D
Hippopotamus
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
10-15 years
Irish Elk
213.000
320.000
700.000
15.00
19000
3D
Irish Elk
Llama
154000
67"-71" (5’7”-5’11”) | 1.7-1.8 m
72"-78" (6’-6’6”) | 1.8-2.0 m
290-440 lb | 130-200 kg
15-25 years
Llama
180.000
200.000
200.000
15.00
154000
3D
Llama
3’7”-4’ | 109-122 cm
6’-6’6” | 183-198 cm
155-330 lb | 70-150 kg
10-15 years
Marsh Deer
122.000
198.000
150.000
15.00
600
3D
Marsh Deer
14”-20” | 36-51 cm
22”-32” | 56-130 cm
50-200 lb | 23-90 kg
5 years (typical); 12-18 years (captivity)
Miniature Pig
51.000
130.000
90.000
18.00
12000
3D
Miniature Pig
Moose
176500
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
15-25 years
Moose
211.000
305.000
680.000
25.00
176500
3D
Moose
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
15-22 years
Mule Deer
107.000
168.000
150.000
22.00
38000
3D
Mule Deer
23”-26” | 58-66 cm
33”-43” | 85-110 cm
100-220 lb | 45-100 kg
Up to 20 years (wild); up to 24 years (captivity)
North Sulawesi Babirusa
66.000
110.000
100.000
24.00
150
3D
North Sulawesi Babirusa
Pudú
12300
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
8-10 years
Pudú
38.000
85.000
15.000
10.00
12300
3D
Pudú
8”-12” | 20-31 cm
22”-28” | 55-71 cm
14-22 lb | 6.5-10 kg
Up to 14 years (captivity)
Pygmy Hog
31.000
71.000
10.000
14.00
1500
3D
Pygmy Hog
2’3”-2’4” | 70-72 cm
2’3”-4’3” | 70-130 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
7-12 years
Red Brocket
72.000
130.000
25.000
12.00
305
3D
Red Brocket
3’3”-3’11” | 100-120 cm
5’6”-8’6” | 168-259 cm
250-550 lb | 113-250 kg
10-15 years
Red Deer
120.000
259.000
250.000
15.00
18000
3D
Red Deer
1’10”-2’7” | 56-79 cm
3’4”-5’ | 102-152 cm
100-285 lb | 45-130 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Red River Hog
79.000
152.000
130.000
20.00
3400
3D
Red River Hog
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
15-20 years
Reindeer | Caribou
140.000
220.000
320.000
20.00
204000
3D
Reindeer | Caribou
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
7-10 years
Roe Deer
85.000
145.000
60.000
10.00
12000
3D
Roe Deer
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
10-20 years
Sambar Deer
160.000
269.000
544.000
20.00
4700
3D
Sambar Deer
Sheep
142000
46.0" | 117 cm
50.0" | 127 cm
80-400 lbs | 35-180 kg
10-12 years
Sheep
117.000
127.000
180.000
12.00
142000
3D
Sheep
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
10-15 years
Sika Deer
110.000
155.000
111.000
15.00
13000
3D
Sika Deer
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
3D
Taruca
1’7”-2’4” | 48-71 cm
3’7”-5’4” | 109-163 cm
35-110 lb | 16-50 kg
10-15 years
Tufted Deer
71.000
163.000
50.000
15.00
6600
3D
Tufted Deer
Vicuña
18000
49"-52" | 124-132 cm
60"-72" | 152-183 cm
77-144 lb | 35-65 kg
20-24 years
Vicuña
132.000
183.000
65.000
20.00
18000
3D
Vicuña
Warthog
41000
25”-33” | 64-84 cm
36”-60” | 91-152 cm
120-250 lb | 55-110 kg
15-18 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Warthog
84.000
152.000
110.000
20.00
41000
3D
Warthog
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Wild Boar
91.000
183.000
100.000
20.00
39000
3D
Wild Boar
2’9”-3’ | 84-91 cm
5’6”-6’6” | 168-198 cm
450-750 lb | 204-340 kg
6-10 years (farm); 15-20 years (pet)
Yorkshire Pig
91.000
198.000
340.000
20.00
3500
3D
Yorkshire Pig
Taruca
Comparison illustration of the size of a Taruca to an average human

The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or northern Andean deer, is a deer species located in South America that dwells in the high altitude regions of Peru, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina. The Taruca Deer is a medium-sized deer with a stocky body.

Taruca fur is a light shade of brown with small white patches all around their head, neck, tail, and underbelly. Both male and female Taruca Deer have a black “Y” or “V” pattern above their forehead. Taruca Deer are known to live in groups of up to seven, including males, females, and fawns (newborn deers). The social structure of the Taruca herd is unique when compared to different species of deer as it is led by a female deer.

Taruca have standing shoulder heights between 2’7”-3’ (79-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’11”-5’7” (150-170 cm), and overall weights of 99-143 lb (45-65 kg). The lifespan of a wild Taruca is roughly 8-10 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Taruca
The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or northern Andean deer, is a deer species located in South America that dwells in the high altitude regions of Peru, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina. The Taruca Deer is a medium-sized deer with a stocky body. Taruca herds are uniquely led by a female doe.

Taruca have standing shoulder heights between 2’7”-3’ (79-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’11”-5’7” (150-170 cm), and overall weights of 99-143 lb (45-65 kg). The lifespan of a wild Taruca is roughly 8-10 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Taruca
Taruca
Height:
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
Width:
Length:
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
Depth:
Weight:
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hippocamelus antisensis
Lifespan
8-10 years

Drawings include:

Taruca side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Wild Boar
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Wild Boar compared to an average person

Wild Boars (Sus scrofa) are a species of Suidae common to most of the Palearctic and has been introduced in the Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Caribbean Islands, and Southeast Asia. Humans have been responsible for contributing to the wide-ranging spread of the Wild Boar as it has proved to be highly adaptable to diverse environments and habitats.

The Wild Boar is a large, heavily developed pig with small-lean legs. The trunk of the Wild Boar is short and tough, while the back of the trunk is relatively underdeveloped. The area behind the shoulder blades rises to a hump and the neck is short and thick, making it one of the body deficiencies for the Wild Boar.

Wild Boars have a height between 2’6”-3’ (76-91 cm), body length of 5’-6’ (152-183 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 150-220 lb (68-100 kg). The lifespan of a Wild Boar is typically 10-14 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Wild Boar
Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is common to most of the Palearctic and has been introduced in the Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, the Caribbean Islands, and Southeast Asia. Human intervention has further spread it, making the species one of the largest mammals in the world, as well as the most widespread sp

Wild Boars have a height between 2’6”-3’ (76-91 cm), body length of 5’-6’ (152-183 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 150-220 lb (68-100 kg). The lifespan of a Wild Boar is typically 10-14 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Wild Boar
Wild Boar
Height:
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
Width:
Length:
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
Depth:
Weight:
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Sus scrofa
Lifespan
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Wild Boar side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

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Irish Elk | Giant Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Irish Elk (Giant Deer) to a typical person

The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct breed of deer, with a massive body size and large-wide antlers ranging up to 13 feet (4 m). The Irish Elk is also known as the Irish Deer or Giant Deer and is most closely related to a modern-day Moose from body size to similar colors of fur.

Irish Elks ranged from the West of Ireland to the UK, to the South and North of Africa, and to East Siberia and China during the Pleistocene.

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) had standing shoulder heights between 6’6”-7’ (198-213 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9’10”-10’6” (3-3.2 m), and overall weights of 1190-1543 lb (540-700 kg). The lifespan of an Irish Elk is thought to be roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Irish Elk (Giant Deer)
The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct breed of deer, with a massive body size and large-wide antlers ranging up to 13 feet (4 m). The Irish Elk is also known as the Irish Deer or Giant Deer and is most closely related to a modern-day Moose from body size to similar colors of fur.

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) had standing shoulder heights between 6’6”-7’ (198-213 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9’10”-10’6” (3-3.2 m), and overall weights of 1190-1543 lb (540-700 kg). The lifespan of an Irish Elk is thought to be roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Irish Elk (Giant Deer)
Irish Elk | Giant Deer
Height:
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
Width:
Length:
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
Depth:
Weight:
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Megaloceros giganteus
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Tufted Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Tufted Deer to a typical person

The Tufted Deer (Elaphodus cephalophus) is a small species of deer distinguished by a conspicuous black hair tuft on its forehead. It is a similar relative of the Muntjac, except the Tufted Deer has a longer neck and legs, which give it a much leaner look. The coat is also rugged with short, straight fur, nearly black in the winter and white in the summer.

The lips, the tips of the ears, and the underside of the tails are white. The Tufted Deer roams far north in a wide region of central China in north-eastern Myanmar. Suffering from over-hunting and habitat destruction, this deer is considered near threatened.

Tufted Deer have standing shoulder heights between 1’7”-2’4” (48-71 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-5’4” (109-163 cm), and overall weights of 35-110 lb (16-50 kg). The lifespan of a wild Tufted Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Tufted Deer
The Tufted Deer (Elaphodus cephalophus) is a small species of deer distinguished by a conspicuous black hair tuft on its forehead. It is a similar relative of the Muntjac, except the Tufted Deer has a longer neck and legs, which give it a much leaner look. The coat is rugged with short straight fur.

Tufted Deer have standing shoulder heights between 1’7”-2’4” (48-71 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-5’4” (109-163 cm), and overall weights of 35-110 lb (16-50 kg). The lifespan of a wild Tufted Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Tufted Deer
Tufted Deer
Height:
1’7”-2’4” | 48-71 cm
Width:
Length:
3’7”-5’4” | 109-163 cm
Depth:
Weight:
35-110 lb | 16-50 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Elaphodus cephalophus
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Tufted Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Barasingha
Comparison illustration of the size of a Barasingha to an average human

The Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii), also known as the Swamp Deer, is a large deer with wooly and yellowish hair featuring white spots along the spine, the throat, the belly, the thighs, and the tail. Northern and Central India populations are scattered, and in south-western Nepal two isolated groups exist.

The Barasingha coat is bright brown in summer. The Barasingha is rare in having more than three antler tines more than all the other Indian wild animals. The locals call Barasingha "bârah-singgā" because of these distinctive characteristics, which means "twelve-horned." Mature stages have usually between 10 and 14 antler tines.

Barasingha have standing shoulder heights between 3’11”-4’1” (120-125 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-5’10” (122-180 cm), and overall weights of 375-617 lb (170-280 kg). The lifespan of a wild Barasingha is roughly 10-20 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Barasingha
The Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii), also known as the Swamp Deer, is a large deer with wooly and yellowish hair featuring white spots along the spine, the throat, the belly, the thighs, and the tail. Northern and Central India populations are scattered, and two groups in south-western Nepal.

Barasingha have standing shoulder heights between 3’11”-4’1” (120-125 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-5’10” (122-180 cm), and overall weights of 375-617 lb (170-280 kg). The lifespan of a wild Barasingha is roughly 10-20 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Barasingha
Barasingha
Height:
3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
Width:
Length:
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
Depth:
Weight:
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rucervus duvaucelii
Lifespan
10-20 years

Drawings include:

Barasingha side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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