Deer are cloven hooved even-toed ungulates which range in size from 1.25’-6.5’ (.4-1.9 m) with all species, except for one, having antlers. Male deer grow antlers (except for reindeer where both males and females grow antlers) which are covered in velvet until fully grown when the velvet dies and they rub it off on vegetation.

Deer exist on every continent besides Australia and Antarctica and live in temperate, alpine, wetlands, and grasslands. A social animal, deer travel in herds and are most active during dawn and dusk. Being herbivores, much of a deer’s day is spent foraging for grasses, small shrubs, and leaves.

What do deer eat?

Deer are herbivores and generally eat grass, nuts, twigs, alfalfa, corn, fruit, and fungi. Their diet fluctuates all year to what is available each season. During the winter deer tend to eat buds, bark, and shoots, while in the spring and summer time they will generally eat corn, and acorns.

When do deer shed their antlers?

Deer shed their antlers once a year usually between January and April. The shedding process takes between 2 to 3 weeks and it can take from 24 to 48 hours for the antlers to fall off. Deer will grow new antlers throughout the summer.

Where do deer sleep?

Deer are able to sleep in spaces that feel safe and offer protection to them. They typically bed in places that shield them against cold temperatures and winds. They also like to be near food sources, and once they find a bedding space that they like they may go back to the same location often.

Deer Guides
Browse through our curated Deer Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Deer. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
10-20 years
Barasingha
125.000
180.000
280.000
20.00
1400
3D
Barasingha
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
15-20 years
Bawean Deer
70.000
140.000
60.000
20.00
400
3D
Bawean Deer
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
3D
Elk | Wapiti
2’6”-3’1” | 76-94 cm
4’3”-5’3” | 130-160 cm
65-220 lb | 29-100 kg
8-15 years
Fallow Deer
94.000
160.000
100.000
15.00
19000
3D
Fallow Deer
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
10-15 years
Irish Elk
213.000
320.000
700.000
15.00
19000
3D
Irish Elk
3’7”-4’ | 109-122 cm
6’-6’6” | 183-198 cm
155-330 lb | 70-150 kg
10-15 years
Marsh Deer
122.000
198.000
150.000
15.00
600
3D
Marsh Deer
Moose
176500
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
15-25 years
Moose
211.000
305.000
680.000
25.00
176500
3D
Moose
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
15-22 years
Mule Deer
107.000
168.000
150.000
22.00
38000
3D
Mule Deer
Pudú
12300
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
8-10 years
Pudú
38.000
85.000
15.000
10.00
12300
3D
Pudú
2’3”-2’4” | 70-72 cm
2’3”-4’3” | 70-130 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
7-12 years
Red Brocket
72.000
130.000
25.000
12.00
305
3D
Red Brocket
3’3”-3’11” | 100-120 cm
5’6”-8’6” | 168-259 cm
250-550 lb | 113-250 kg
10-15 years
Red Deer
120.000
259.000
250.000
15.00
18000
3D
Red Deer
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
15-20 years
Reindeer | Caribou
140.000
220.000
320.000
20.00
204000
3D
Reindeer | Caribou
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
7-10 years
Roe Deer
85.000
145.000
60.000
10.00
12000
3D
Roe Deer
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
10-20 years
Sambar Deer
160.000
269.000
544.000
20.00
4700
3D
Sambar Deer
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
10-15 years
Sika Deer
110.000
155.000
111.000
15.00
13000
3D
Sika Deer
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
3D
Taruca
1’7”-2’4” | 48-71 cm
3’7”-5’4” | 109-163 cm
35-110 lb | 16-50 kg
10-15 years
Tufted Deer
71.000
163.000
50.000
15.00
6600
3D
Tufted Deer
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
Irish Elk | Giant Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Irish Elk (Giant Deer) to a typical person

The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct breed of deer, with a massive body size and large-wide antlers ranging up to 13 feet (4 m). The Irish Elk is also known as the Irish Deer or Giant Deer and is most closely related to a modern-day Moose from body size to similar colors of fur.

Irish Elks ranged from the West of Ireland to the UK, to the South and North of Africa, and to East Siberia and China during the Pleistocene.

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) had standing shoulder heights between 6’6”-7’ (198-213 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9’10”-10’6” (3-3.2 m), and overall weights of 1190-1543 lb (540-700 kg). The lifespan of an Irish Elk is thought to be roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Irish Elk (Giant Deer)
The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct breed of deer, with a massive body size and large-wide antlers ranging up to 13 feet (4 m). The Irish Elk is also known as the Irish Deer or Giant Deer and is most closely related to a modern-day Moose from body size to similar colors of fur.

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) had standing shoulder heights between 6’6”-7’ (198-213 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9’10”-10’6” (3-3.2 m), and overall weights of 1190-1543 lb (540-700 kg). The lifespan of an Irish Elk is thought to be roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Irish Elk (Giant Deer)
Irish Elk | Giant Deer
Height:
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
Width:
Length:
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
Depth:
Weight:
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Megaloceros giganteus
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Sika Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a Sika Deer to an average human

Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), or Japanese Deer, are small to medium in scale deer that is most common found in Japan. Sika Deer have spotted bodies paired with smaller legs and heads than most deer. Like other species, male Sika Deer have antlers with three or four tines. Some males get more tines depending on if they are more dominant within the herd.

While female Sika Deer do not grow antlers, they instead have two black bumps that grow on their heads in the same position. Sika Deer are found with a wide variety of colors and patterning from a white gray or a medium tone brown.

Sika Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-3’7” (65-110 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’5”-5’1” (105-155 cm), and overall weights of 55-245 lb (25-111 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sika Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Sika Deer
Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), or Japanese Deer, are small to medium in scale deer that is most common found in Japan. Sika Deer have spotted bodies paired with smaller legs and heads than most deer. Like other species, male Sika Deer have antlers with three or four tines.

Sika Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-3’7” (65-110 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’5”-5’1” (105-155 cm), and overall weights of 55-245 lb (25-111 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sika Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Sika Deer
Sika Deer
Height:
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
Width:
Length:
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
Depth:
Weight:
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Cervus nippon
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Sika Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

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Bawean Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Bawean Deer to a typical person

The Bawean Deer (Hyelaphus kuhlii) is a highly endangered species of deer found only on Indonesia's island of Bawean. Bawean Deer are medium brown, with a yellowish fur tint and their skin appears grizzled in close vicinity. On the top of the throat is a light spot and the eye has a ring of light hair.

The eyes of a Bawean Deer are lighter than the ears, and a prominent black line that stretches from the sides of the mouth to the nose reinforces this coloration. Bawean Deer have relatively low legs and (when they stand) the torso is angled to the shoulders from the hump. Males only grew antlers and each antler has three prongs of roughly 10"-19" (25-47 cm) long.

Bawean Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-2’4” (65-70 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-4’7” (122-140 cm), and overall weights of 110-132 lb (50-60 kg). The lifespan of a wild Bawean Deer is roughly 15-20 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Bawean Deer
The Bawean Deer (Hyelaphus kuhlii) is a highly endangered species of deer found only on Indonesia's island of Bawean. Bawean Deer are medium brown, with a yellowish fur tint and their skin appears grizzled in close vicinity. On the top of the throat and around the eye are spots of light hair.

Bawean Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-2’4” (65-70 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-4’7” (122-140 cm), and overall weights of 110-132 lb (50-60 kg). The lifespan of a wild Bawean Deer is roughly 15-20 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Bawean Deer
Bawean Deer
Height:
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
Width:
Length:
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
Depth:
Weight:
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hyelaphus kuhlii
Lifespan
15-20 years

Drawings include:

Bawean Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Moose | Eurasian Elk
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Moose (Eurasian Elk) to a typical person

Moose (Alces alces), also known as Eurasian Elk, are found in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia, are the largest member of the deer family. Moose comes from the word ‘moosh’ meaning “stripper and eater of bark” in the language of the Innu of Canada and is the common name for these mammals in North America. In Europe however, moose are called elk.

Physically, moose are grand in size due to their long legs, broad muzzle, and wide antlers. The shape of their muzzle aids in these mammals’ feeding on submerged aquatic vegetation. Personality-wise, moose are valiant and ready to be on the defense against predators such as grizzly bears, black bears, and wolf packs.

Moose (Eurasian Elk) have standing shoulder heights between 5’6”-6’11” (168-211 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9.2’-10’ (280-305 cm), and overall weights of 600-1500 lb (270-680 kg). The lifespan of a wild Moose is roughly 15-25 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Moose (Eurasian) Elk
Moose (Alces alces), also known as Eurasian Elk, are found in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia, are the largest member of the deer family. Moose comes from the word ‘moosh’ meaning “stripper and eater of bark" in the language of the Innu of Canada.

Moose (Eurasian Elk) have standing shoulder heights between 5’6”-6’11” (168-211 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9.2’-10’ (280-305 cm), and overall weights of 600-1500 lb (270-680 kg). The lifespan of a wild Moose is roughly 15-25 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Moose (Eurasian) Elk
Moose | Eurasian Elk
Height:
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
Width:
Length:
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
Depth:
Weight:
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Alces alces
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:

Moose (Eurasian Elk) side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down), side (walking)

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White-Tailed Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a White-Tailed Deer to an average human

White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear while the rest of their coat is reddish in the summer and a dull gray in the winter.

The hair of the White-Tailed Deer is flared during flight, and their tail resembles a signaling flag. While White-Tailed Deer from North and South America are generally accepted as one group, genetically these deer are farther apart than White-Tailed and Black-Tailed Deer in North America.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer
Height:
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
Width:
Length:
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
Depth:
Weight:
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Odocoileus virginianus
Lifespan
6-15 years

Drawings include:

White-Tailed Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

Details & Downloads

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