Deer are cloven hooved even-toed ungulates which range in size from 1.25’-6.5’ (.4-1.9 m) with all species, except for one, having antlers. Male deer grow antlers (except for reindeer where both males and females grow antlers) which are covered in velvet until fully grown when the velvet dies and they rub it off on vegetation.

Deer exist on every continent besides Australia and Antarctica and live in temperate, alpine, wetlands, and grasslands. A social animal, deer travel in herds and are most active during dawn and dusk. Being herbivores, much of a deer’s day is spent foraging for grasses, small shrubs, and leaves.

What do deer eat?

Deer are herbivores and generally eat grass, nuts, twigs, alfalfa, corn, fruit, and fungi. Their diet fluctuates all year to what is available each season. During the winter deer tend to eat buds, bark, and shoots, while in the spring and summer time they will generally eat corn, and acorns.

When do deer shed their antlers?

Deer shed their antlers once a year usually between January and April. The shedding process takes between 2 to 3 weeks and it can take from 24 to 48 hours for the antlers to fall off. Deer will grow new antlers throughout the summer.

Where do deer sleep?

Deer are able to sleep in spaces that feel safe and offer protection to them. They typically bed in places that shield them against cold temperatures and winds. They also like to be near food sources, and once they find a bedding space that they like they may go back to the same location often.

Deer Guides
Browse through our curated Deer Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Deer. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
10-20 years
Barasingha
125.000
180.000
280.000
20.00
1400
3D
Barasingha
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
15-20 years
Bawean Deer
70.000
140.000
60.000
20.00
400
3D
Bawean Deer
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
3D
Elk | Wapiti
2’6”-3’1” | 76-94 cm
4’3”-5’3” | 130-160 cm
65-220 lb | 29-100 kg
8-15 years
Fallow Deer
94.000
160.000
100.000
15.00
19000
3D
Fallow Deer
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
10-15 years
Irish Elk
213.000
320.000
700.000
15.00
19000
3D
Irish Elk
3’7”-4’ | 109-122 cm
6’-6’6” | 183-198 cm
155-330 lb | 70-150 kg
10-15 years
Marsh Deer
122.000
198.000
150.000
15.00
600
3D
Marsh Deer
Moose
176500
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
15-25 years
Moose
211.000
305.000
680.000
25.00
176500
3D
Moose
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
15-22 years
Mule Deer
107.000
168.000
150.000
22.00
38000
3D
Mule Deer
Pudú
12300
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
8-10 years
Pudú
38.000
85.000
15.000
10.00
12300
3D
Pudú
2’3”-2’4” | 70-72 cm
2’3”-4’3” | 70-130 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
7-12 years
Red Brocket
72.000
130.000
25.000
12.00
305
3D
Red Brocket
3’3”-3’11” | 100-120 cm
5’6”-8’6” | 168-259 cm
250-550 lb | 113-250 kg
10-15 years
Red Deer
120.000
259.000
250.000
15.00
18000
3D
Red Deer
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
15-20 years
Reindeer | Caribou
140.000
220.000
320.000
20.00
204000
3D
Reindeer | Caribou
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
7-10 years
Roe Deer
85.000
145.000
60.000
10.00
12000
3D
Roe Deer
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
10-20 years
Sambar Deer
160.000
269.000
544.000
20.00
4700
3D
Sambar Deer
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
10-15 years
Sika Deer
110.000
155.000
111.000
15.00
13000
3D
Sika Deer
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
3D
Taruca
1’7”-2’4” | 48-71 cm
3’7”-5’4” | 109-163 cm
35-110 lb | 16-50 kg
10-15 years
Tufted Deer
71.000
163.000
50.000
15.00
6600
3D
Tufted Deer
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
Red Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a Red Deer to an average human

The famous Red Deer (Cervus elaphus), is a member of the Cervidae family, originating in North America, Europe, Asia, and Northwestern Africa. Found mainly in the woodlands, Red Deer live in sexually isolated herds, except during the breeding season, when the males fight for the females. The Red Deer has been hunted for food and sport for a long time.

A fully grown Red Deer stands around 3'11" (1.2 m) tall showing off its reddish-brown coat, that darkens to grayish-brown in winter accompanying lighter undersides and a light rump. The Red Deer has long, regularly branched antlers with a total of 10 or more tines. 12-tined deer are called "Royals" and the 14-tined deer are called "Wilsons."

Red Deer have standing shoulder heights between 3’3”-3’11” (100-120 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 5’6”-8’6” (168-259 cm), and overall weights of 250-550 lb (113-250 kg). The lifespan of a wild Red Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Red Deer
The famous Red Deer (Cervus elaphus), is a member of the Cervidae family, originating in North America, Europe, Asia, and Northwestern Africa. Found mainly in the woodlands, Red Deer live in sexually isolated herds, except during the breeding season, when the males fight for the females.

Red Deer have standing shoulder heights between 3’3”-3’11” (100-120 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 5’6”-8’6” (168-259 cm), and overall weights of 250-550 lb (113-250 kg). The lifespan of a wild Red Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Red Deer
Red Deer
Height:
3’3”-3’11” | 100-120 cm
Width:
Length:
5’6”-8’6” | 168-259 cm
Depth:
Weight:
250-550 lb | 113-250 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Cervus elaphus
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Red Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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White-Tailed Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a White-Tailed Deer to an average human

White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear while the rest of their coat is reddish in the summer and a dull gray in the winter.

The hair of the White-Tailed Deer is flared during flight, and their tail resembles a signaling flag. While White-Tailed Deer from North and South America are generally accepted as one group, genetically these deer are farther apart than White-Tailed and Black-Tailed Deer in North America.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer
Height:
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
Width:
Length:
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
Depth:
Weight:
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Odocoileus virginianus
Lifespan
6-15 years

Drawings include:

White-Tailed Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Taruca
Comparison illustration of the size of a Taruca to an average human

The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or northern Andean deer, is a deer species located in South America that dwells in the high altitude regions of Peru, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina. The Taruca Deer is a medium-sized deer with a stocky body.

Taruca fur is a light shade of brown with small white patches all around their head, neck, tail, and underbelly. Both male and female Taruca Deer have a black “Y” or “V” pattern above their forehead. Taruca Deer are known to live in groups of up to seven, including males, females, and fawns (newborn deers). The social structure of the Taruca herd is unique when compared to different species of deer as it is led by a female deer.

Taruca have standing shoulder heights between 2’7”-3’ (79-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’11”-5’7” (150-170 cm), and overall weights of 99-143 lb (45-65 kg). The lifespan of a wild Taruca is roughly 8-10 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Taruca
The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or northern Andean deer, is a deer species located in South America that dwells in the high altitude regions of Peru, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina. The Taruca Deer is a medium-sized deer with a stocky body. Taruca herds are uniquely led by a female doe.

Taruca have standing shoulder heights between 2’7”-3’ (79-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’11”-5’7” (150-170 cm), and overall weights of 99-143 lb (45-65 kg). The lifespan of a wild Taruca is roughly 8-10 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Taruca
Taruca
Height:
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
Width:
Length:
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
Depth:
Weight:
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hippocamelus antisensis
Lifespan
8-10 years

Drawings include:

Taruca side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Barasingha
Comparison illustration of the size of a Barasingha to an average human

The Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii), also known as the Swamp Deer, is a large deer with wooly and yellowish hair featuring white spots along the spine, the throat, the belly, the thighs, and the tail. Northern and Central India populations are scattered, and in south-western Nepal two isolated groups exist.

The Barasingha coat is bright brown in summer. The Barasingha is rare in having more than three antler tines more than all the other Indian wild animals. The locals call Barasingha "bârah-singgā" because of these distinctive characteristics, which means "twelve-horned." Mature stages have usually between 10 and 14 antler tines.

Barasingha have standing shoulder heights between 3’11”-4’1” (120-125 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-5’10” (122-180 cm), and overall weights of 375-617 lb (170-280 kg). The lifespan of a wild Barasingha is roughly 10-20 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Barasingha
The Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii), also known as the Swamp Deer, is a large deer with wooly and yellowish hair featuring white spots along the spine, the throat, the belly, the thighs, and the tail. Northern and Central India populations are scattered, and two groups in south-western Nepal.

Barasingha have standing shoulder heights between 3’11”-4’1” (120-125 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-5’10” (122-180 cm), and overall weights of 375-617 lb (170-280 kg). The lifespan of a wild Barasingha is roughly 10-20 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Barasingha
Barasingha
Height:
3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
Width:
Length:
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
Depth:
Weight:
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rucervus duvaucelii
Lifespan
10-20 years

Drawings include:

Barasingha side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Chital
Comparison illustration of the size of a Chital to an average human

The Chital (Axis Axis) is a deer species native to the Indian South, also known as the Spotted Deer, and the Axis Deer. In India and Sri Lanka, it lives in herds of up to 100 or more in grasslands and forests. The Chital's coat is brown, reddish overhead, and a white patch underneath and along the side of their bodies.

The male Chital usually has three-tined antlers that branch lengths of up to 39 inches (100 cm). Chital are most active in the morning hours and will rest in the midday heat in shaded areas. Though the grass is most of their diet, Chital will browse the trees during the dry season and even stand at their rear legs to access higher leaves.

Chital have standing shoulder heights between 2’6”-3’3” (75-100 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-4’7” (110-140 cm), and overall weights of 99-187 lb (45-85 kg). The lifespan of a wild Chital is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Chital
The Chital (Axis Axis) is a deer species native to the Indian South, also known as the Spotted Deer, and the Axis Deer. In India and Sri Lanka, it lives in herds of up to 100 or more in grasslands and forests. The Chital's coat is brown, reddish overhead, and has white patch underside features.

Chital have standing shoulder heights between 2’6”-3’3” (75-100 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-4’7” (110-140 cm), and overall weights of 99-187 lb (45-85 kg). The lifespan of a wild Chital is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Chital
Chital
Height:
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
Width:
Length:
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
Depth:
Weight:
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Axis axis
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Chital side elevation (standing), front (standing)

Details & Downloads

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