Deer | Cervids

Deer | Cervids

Description
Description

Deer (Cervidae) are a diverse family of herbivorous, hoofed mammals known for their antlers, which are usually present only in males. Found across continents from the Arctic tundra to tropical forests, their habitats vary widely. Species range from the large moose of North America to the diminutive pudú in South America. Deer have evolved over 20 million years, adapting to various environments. Their ruminant digestive systems allow them to process tough plant material. Typically, deer are social, forming groups, but behavior varies by species. Their historical significance is vast: hunted for meat, hide, and antlers, they've also held spiritual importance in many cultures.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Deer, elegant members of the Cervidae family, possess a lithe and muscular build, allowing for swift, graceful movements through varied terrains. Their legs, slender yet strong, enable speedy escapes from predators. Most notable are their antlers, which are typically found on males and shed annually, growing back larger each year. Deer have large, expressive eyes, providing a wide field of view to detect threats.

Their keen sense of hearing, emphasized by large ears, picks up even distant sounds. Deer communicate through subtle vocalizations like grunts or bleats. With a sensitive nose, they can detect food, danger, and other deer, playing a pivotal role in their survival and social interactions.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

Humans and deer have shared a relationship for millennia. Historically, deer were hunted for meat, hides, and antlers, playing a vital role in human survival. In many cultures, they symbolize grace and are linked to mythology, like the stag in Celtic traditions. Pop culture references are plentiful: Bambi, Disney's iconic fawn, represents innocence and the circle of life. Rudolph, the red-nosed reindeer, is synonymous with Christmas folklore.

However, human expansion has led to habitat loss, bringing deer into urban areas and causing conflicts. Conservation efforts often focus on habitat preservation and managing populations, ensuring that these majestic creatures coexist harmoniously with the modern world.

Common Questions
Common Questions
What do deer eat?

Deer are herbivores and generally eat grass, nuts, twigs, alfalfa, corn, fruit, and fungi. Their diet fluctuates all year to what is available each season. During the winter deer tend to eat buds, bark, and shoots, while in the spring and summer time they will generally eat corn, and acorns.

When do deer shed their antlers?

Deer shed their antlers once a year usually between January and April. The shedding process takes between 2 to 3 weeks and it can take from 24 to 48 hours for the antlers to fall off. Deer will grow new antlers throughout the summer.

Where do deer sleep?

Deer are able to sleep in spaces that feel safe and offer protection to them. They typically bed in places that shield them against cold temperatures and winds. They also like to be near food sources, and once they find a bedding space that they like they may go back to the same location often.

Animals

* Under Development *

3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
10-20 years
Barasingha
125.000
180.000
280.000
20.00
1400
GUIDE
3D
Barasingha
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
15-20 years
Bawean Deer
70.000
140.000
60.000
20.00
400
GUIDE
3D
Bawean Deer
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
GUIDE
3D
Chital
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
GUIDE
3D
Elk | Wapiti
2’6”-3’1” | 76-94 cm
4’3”-5’3” | 130-160 cm
65-220 lb | 29-100 kg
8-15 years
Fallow Deer
94.000
160.000
100.000
15.00
19000
GUIDE
3D
Fallow Deer
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
10-15 years
Irish Elk
213.000
320.000
700.000
15.00
19000
GUIDE
3D
Irish Elk
3’7”-4’ | 109-122 cm
6’-6’6” | 183-198 cm
155-330 lb | 70-150 kg
10-15 years
Marsh Deer
122.000
198.000
150.000
15.00
600
GUIDE
3D
Marsh Deer
Moose
176500
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
15-25 years
Moose
211.000
305.000
680.000
25.00
176500
GUIDE
3D
Moose
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
15-22 years
Mule Deer
107.000
168.000
150.000
22.00
38000
GUIDE
3D
Mule Deer
Pudú
12300
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
8-10 years
Pudú
38.000
85.000
15.000
10.00
12300
GUIDE
3D
Pudú
2’3”-2’4” | 70-72 cm
2’3”-4’3” | 70-130 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
7-12 years
Red Brocket
72.000
130.000
25.000
12.00
305
GUIDE
3D
Red Brocket
3’3”-3’11” | 100-120 cm
5’6”-8’6” | 168-259 cm
250-550 lb | 113-250 kg
10-15 years
Red Deer
120.000
259.000
250.000
15.00
18000
GUIDE
3D
Red Deer
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
15-20 years
Reindeer | Caribou
140.000
220.000
320.000
20.00
204000
GUIDE
3D
Reindeer | Caribou
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
7-10 years
Roe Deer
85.000
145.000
60.000
10.00
12000
GUIDE
3D
Roe Deer
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
10-20 years
Sambar Deer
160.000
269.000
544.000
20.00
4700
GUIDE
3D
Sambar Deer
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
10-15 years
Sika Deer
110.000
155.000
111.000
15.00
13000
GUIDE
3D
Sika Deer
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
GUIDE
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
GUIDE
3D
Taruca
1’7”-2’4” | 48-71 cm
3’7”-5’4” | 109-163 cm
35-110 lb | 16-50 kg
10-15 years
Tufted Deer
71.000
163.000
50.000
15.00
6600
GUIDE
3D
Tufted Deer
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
GUIDE
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
GUIDE
3D
White-Tailed Deer
Pudú
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Pudú to a typical person

The Pudú (Pudu mephistophiles) is the smallest deer in the world, with the northern Pudú being marginally smaller than the southern Pudú.  It has four slender, short legs with a sturdy body. Pudús have eyes that are small and black, with black necks, and 3 inch (8 cm) rounded long ears.

Males do grow antlers, but they are only several inches long because of their small body size. The cautious movements of Pudú keep the species hidden to prevent raising the chance of being detected by predators. Pudús generally only go out into open plains for food then rush back into the forest.

Pudú have standing shoulder heights between 1’2”-1’3” (35-38 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’7”-2’9” (80-85 cm), and overall weights of 20-33 lb (9-15 kg). The lifespan of a wild Pudú is roughly 8-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Pudú
The Pudú (Pudu mephistophiles) is the smallest deer in the world, with the northern Pudú being marginally smaller than the southern Pudú. It has four slender, short legs with a sturdy body. Pudús have eyes that are small and black, with black necks, and 3 inch (8 cm) rounded long ears.

Pudú have standing shoulder heights between 1’2”-1’3” (35-38 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’7”-2’9” (80-85 cm), and overall weights of 20-33 lb (9-15 kg). The lifespan of a wild Pudú is roughly 8-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Pudú
Pudú
Height:
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
Width:
Length:
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
Depth:
Weight:
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Pudu puda
Lifespan
8-10 years

Drawings include:

Pudú side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Barasingha
Comparison illustration of the size of a Barasingha to an average human

The Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii), also known as the Swamp Deer, is a large deer with wooly and yellowish hair featuring white spots along the spine, the throat, the belly, the thighs, and the tail. Northern and Central India populations are scattered, and in south-western Nepal two isolated groups exist.

The Barasingha coat is bright brown in summer. The Barasingha is rare in having more than three antler tines more than all the other Indian wild animals. The locals call Barasingha "bârah-singgā" because of these distinctive characteristics, which means "twelve-horned." Mature stages have usually between 10 and 14 antler tines.

Barasingha have standing shoulder heights between 3’11”-4’1” (120-125 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-5’10” (122-180 cm), and overall weights of 375-617 lb (170-280 kg). The lifespan of a wild Barasingha is roughly 10-20 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Barasingha
The Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii), also known as the Swamp Deer, is a large deer with wooly and yellowish hair featuring white spots along the spine, the throat, the belly, the thighs, and the tail. Northern and Central India populations are scattered, and two groups in south-western Nepal.

Barasingha have standing shoulder heights between 3’11”-4’1” (120-125 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-5’10” (122-180 cm), and overall weights of 375-617 lb (170-280 kg). The lifespan of a wild Barasingha is roughly 10-20 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Barasingha
Barasingha
Height:
3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
Width:
Length:
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
Depth:
Weight:
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rucervus duvaucelii
Lifespan
10-20 years

Drawings include:

Barasingha side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Red Brocket
Comparison illustration of the size of a Red Brocket to an average human

The American Red Brocket (Mazama Americana) is a brocket species of deer found in the forests of South America stretching from Northern Argentina to Colombia and Guyana. Red Brockets have also been seen on Trinidad Islands and the Tobago Republic. Red Brocket coats are reddish-brown with unique coloration on the head and neck that are lighter, grayish-brawn, and partially black.

The inside of the Red Brocket's tail is white along with the underside of the body. Fawns are white, and the legs are blackish. Only the grown-up males have antlers, which are small and spiky. The American Red Brocket prefers the fruit if it is available and is usually lonely and remains in dense jungles. The animal snorts or stumps his hooves when alarmed. The American Red Brocket is the largest of the brockets.

Red Brocket have standing shoulder heights between 2’3”-2’4” (70-72 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’3”-4’3” (70-130 cm), and overall weights of 35-55 lb (16-25 kg). The lifespan of a wild Red Brocket is roughly 7-12 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Red Brocket
The American Red Brocket (Mazama Americana) is a brocket species of deer found in the forests of South America stretching from Northern Argentina to Colombia and Guyana. The American Red Brocket is the largest of the brockets and has a reddish-brown coat with unique head and neck colorations.

Red Brocket have standing shoulder heights between 2’3”-2’4” (70-72 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’3”-4’3” (70-130 cm), and overall weights of 35-55 lb (16-25 kg). The lifespan of a wild Red Brocket is roughly 7-12 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Red Brocket
Red Brocket
Height:
2’3”-2’4” | 70-72 cm
Width:
Length:
2’3”-4’3” | 70-130 cm
Depth:
Weight:
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Mazama americana
Lifespan
7-12 years

Drawings include:

Red Brocket side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Chital
Comparison illustration of the size of a Chital to an average human

The Chital (Axis Axis) is a deer species native to the Indian South, also known as the Spotted Deer, and the Axis Deer. In India and Sri Lanka, it lives in herds of up to 100 or more in grasslands and forests. The Chital's coat is brown, reddish overhead, and a white patch underneath and along the side of their bodies.

The male Chital usually has three-tined antlers that branch lengths of up to 39 inches (100 cm). Chital are most active in the morning hours and will rest in the midday heat in shaded areas. Though the grass is most of their diet, Chital will browse the trees during the dry season and even stand at their rear legs to access higher leaves.

Chital have standing shoulder heights between 2’6”-3’3” (75-100 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-4’7” (110-140 cm), and overall weights of 99-187 lb (45-85 kg). The lifespan of a wild Chital is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Chital
The Chital (Axis Axis) is a deer species native to the Indian South, also known as the Spotted Deer, and the Axis Deer. In India and Sri Lanka, it lives in herds of up to 100 or more in grasslands and forests. The Chital's coat is brown, reddish overhead, and has white patch underside features.

Chital have standing shoulder heights between 2’6”-3’3” (75-100 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-4’7” (110-140 cm), and overall weights of 99-187 lb (45-85 kg). The lifespan of a wild Chital is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Chital
Chital
Height:
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
Width:
Length:
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
Depth:
Weight:
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Axis axis
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Chital side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Sika Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a Sika Deer to an average human

Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), or Japanese Deer, are small to medium in scale deer that is most common found in Japan. Sika Deer have spotted bodies paired with smaller legs and heads than most deer. Like other species, male Sika Deer have antlers with three or four tines. Some males get more tines depending on if they are more dominant within the herd.

While female Sika Deer do not grow antlers, they instead have two black bumps that grow on their heads in the same position. Sika Deer are found with a wide variety of colors and patterning from a white gray or a medium tone brown.

Sika Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-3’7” (65-110 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’5”-5’1” (105-155 cm), and overall weights of 55-245 lb (25-111 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sika Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Sika Deer
Sika Deer (Cervus nippon), or Japanese Deer, are small to medium in scale deer that is most common found in Japan. Sika Deer have spotted bodies paired with smaller legs and heads than most deer. Like other species, male Sika Deer have antlers with three or four tines.

Sika Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-3’7” (65-110 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’5”-5’1” (105-155 cm), and overall weights of 55-245 lb (25-111 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sika Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Sika Deer
Sika Deer
Height:
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
Width:
Length:
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
Depth:
Weight:
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Cervus nippon
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Sika Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

Downloads

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