Deer are cloven hooved even-toed ungulates which range in size from 1.25’-6.5’ (.4-1.9 m) with all species, except for one, having antlers. Male deer grow antlers (except for reindeer where both males and females grow antlers) which are covered in velvet until fully grown when the velvet dies and they rub it off on vegetation.

Deer exist on every continent besides Australia and Antarctica and live in temperate, alpine, wetlands, and grasslands. A social animal, deer travel in herds and are most active during dawn and dusk. Being herbivores, much of a deer’s day is spent foraging for grasses, small shrubs, and leaves.

What do deer eat?

Deer are herbivores and generally eat grass, nuts, twigs, alfalfa, corn, fruit, and fungi. Their diet fluctuates all year to what is available each season. During the winter deer tend to eat buds, bark, and shoots, while in the spring and summer time they will generally eat corn, and acorns.

When do deer shed their antlers?

Deer shed their antlers once a year usually between January and April. The shedding process takes between 2 to 3 weeks and it can take from 24 to 48 hours for the antlers to fall off. Deer will grow new antlers throughout the summer.

Where do deer sleep?

Deer are able to sleep in spaces that feel safe and offer protection to them. They typically bed in places that shield them against cold temperatures and winds. They also like to be near food sources, and once they find a bedding space that they like they may go back to the same location often.

Updated on

Deer

Moose
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
3D
Taruca
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
3D

'Popularity' is determined by the average monthly online search statistics for each category or element

Pudú
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Pudú to a typical person

The Pudú (Pudu mephistophiles) is the smallest deer in the world, with the northern Pudú being marginally smaller than the southern Pudú.  It has four slender, short legs with a sturdy body. Pudús have eyes that are small and black, with black necks, and 3 inch (8 cm) rounded long ears.

Males do grow antlers, but they are only several inches long because of their small body size. The cautious movements of Pudú keep the species hidden to prevent raising the chance of being detected by predators. Pudús generally only go out into open plains for food then rush back into the forest.

Pudú have standing shoulder heights between 1’2”-1’3” (35-38 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’7”-2’9” (80-85 cm), and overall weights of 20-33 lb (9-15 kg). The lifespan of a wild Pudú is roughly 8-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Pudú
The Pudú (Pudu mephistophiles) is the smallest deer in the world, with the northern Pudú being marginally smaller than the southern Pudú. It has four slender, short legs with a sturdy body. Pudús have eyes that are small and black, with black necks, and 3 inch (8 cm) rounded long ears.

Pudú have standing shoulder heights between 1’2”-1’3” (35-38 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’7”-2’9” (80-85 cm), and overall weights of 20-33 lb (9-15 kg). The lifespan of a wild Pudú is roughly 8-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Pudú
Pudú
Height:
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
Width:
Length:
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
Depth:
Weight:
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Pudu puda
Lifespan
8-10 years

Drawings include:

Pudú side elevation (standing), front (standing)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

Irish Elk | Giant Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Irish Elk (Giant Deer) to a typical person

The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct breed of deer, with a massive body size and large-wide antlers ranging up to 13 feet (4 m). The Irish Elk is also known as the Irish Deer or Giant Deer and is most closely related to a modern-day Moose from body size to similar colors of fur.

Irish Elks ranged from the West of Ireland to the UK, to the South and North of Africa, and to East Siberia and China during the Pleistocene.

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) had standing shoulder heights between 6’6”-7’ (198-213 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9’10”-10’6” (3-3.2 m), and overall weights of 1190-1543 lb (540-700 kg). The lifespan of an Irish Elk is thought to be roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Irish Elk (Giant Deer)
The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct breed of deer, with a massive body size and large-wide antlers ranging up to 13 feet (4 m). The Irish Elk is also known as the Irish Deer or Giant Deer and is most closely related to a modern-day Moose from body size to similar colors of fur.

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) had standing shoulder heights between 6’6”-7’ (198-213 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9’10”-10’6” (3-3.2 m), and overall weights of 1190-1543 lb (540-700 kg). The lifespan of an Irish Elk is thought to be roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Irish Elk (Giant Deer)
Irish Elk | Giant Deer
Height:
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
Width:
Length:
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
Depth:
Weight:
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Megaloceros giganteus
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) side elevation (standing), front (standing)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

Taruca
Comparison illustration of the size of a Taruca to an average human

The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or northern Andean deer, is a deer species located in South America that dwells in the high altitude regions of Peru, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina. The Taruca Deer is a medium-sized deer with a stocky body.

Taruca fur is a light shade of brown with small white patches all around their head, neck, tail, and underbelly. Both male and female Taruca Deer have a black “Y” or “V” pattern above their forehead. Taruca Deer are known to live in groups of up to seven, including males, females, and fawns (newborn deers). The social structure of the Taruca herd is unique when compared to different species of deer as it is led by a female deer.

Taruca have standing shoulder heights between 2’7”-3’ (79-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’11”-5’7” (150-170 cm), and overall weights of 99-143 lb (45-65 kg). The lifespan of a wild Taruca is roughly 8-10 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Taruca
The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or northern Andean deer, is a deer species located in South America that dwells in the high altitude regions of Peru, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina. The Taruca Deer is a medium-sized deer with a stocky body. Taruca herds are uniquely led by a female doe.

Taruca have standing shoulder heights between 2’7”-3’ (79-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’11”-5’7” (150-170 cm), and overall weights of 99-143 lb (45-65 kg). The lifespan of a wild Taruca is roughly 8-10 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Taruca
Taruca
Height:
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
Width:
Length:
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
Depth:
Weight:
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hippocamelus antisensis
Lifespan
8-10 years

Drawings include:

Taruca side elevation (standing), front (standing)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

Roe Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a Roe Deer to an average human

The beautiful Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a slender, medium-sized deer commonly native to the United Kingdom. Their range extends to parts of northern Europe and Asia to the high mountains of Central Asia, and from the south of Spain with varied habitats from woodland, forest, grassland and heathland environments.

Roe Deer have short antlers and no tail. The Roe Deer is predominantly white with a pale buff patch around the rear. Their hair turns reddish in the summer and gray in the winter. Like other deer, a “buck” is what a male Roe Deer is called, and the female is a “doe”.

Roe Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-2’9” (65-85 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-4’9” (95-145 cm), and overall weights of 33-132 lb (15-60 kg). The lifespan of a wild Roe Deer is roughly 7-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Roe Deer
The beautiful Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a slender, medium-sized deer commonly native to the United Kingdom. Their range extends to parts of northern Europe and Asia to the high mountains of Central Asia, and from the south of Spain with varied habitats including forests and grasslands.

Roe Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-2’9” (65-85 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-4’9” (95-145 cm), and overall weights of 33-132 lb (15-60 kg). The lifespan of a wild Roe Deer is roughly 7-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Roe Deer
Roe Deer
Height:
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
Width:
Length:
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
Depth:
Weight:
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Capreolus capreolus
Lifespan
7-10 years

Drawings include:

Roe Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

Sambar Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Sambar Deer to a typical person

Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor) are a widely spread species of deer native to India, but range to Nepal and the east across Southeast Asia. The Sambar lives in the woodland areas, alone or in small groups. The coat of a Sambar Deer forms a rough dark brown layer around its neck.

The male Sambar grows long three-tined antlers. Because of its large scale, the Sambar Deer can consume a lot of food every single day with a diet that consists of grass and herbs found around their surroundings.

Sambar Deer have standing shoulder heights between 3’4”-5’3” (101-160 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 5’4”-8’10” (163-269 cm), and overall weights of 220-1200 lb (100-544 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sambar Deer is roughly 10-20 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sambar Deer
Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor) are a widely spread species of deer native to India, but range to Nepal and the east across Southeast Asia. The Sambar lives in the woodland areas, alone or in small groups. The coat of a Sambar Deer forms a rough dark brown layer around its neck.

Sambar Deer have standing shoulder heights between 3’4”-5’3” (101-160 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 5’4”-8’10” (163-269 cm), and overall weights of 220-1200 lb (100-544 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sambar Deer is roughly 10-20 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sambar Deer
Sambar Deer
Height:
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
Width:
Length:
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
Depth:
Weight:
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rusa unicolor
Lifespan
10-20 years

Drawings include:

Sambar Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

Right Click and 'Save As' to Download

3D Downloads

1 / 5
Next
Related Animals Collections
Animals