Deer are cloven hooved even-toed ungulates which range in size from 1.25’-6.5’ (.4-1.9 m) with all species, except for one, having antlers. Male deer grow antlers (except for reindeer where both males and females grow antlers) which are covered in velvet until fully grown when the velvet dies and they rub it off on vegetation.

Deer exist on every continent besides Australia and Antarctica and live in temperate, alpine, wetlands, and grasslands. A social animal, deer travel in herds and are most active during dawn and dusk. Being herbivores, much of a deer’s day is spent foraging for grasses, small shrubs, and leaves.

What do deer eat?

Deer are herbivores and generally eat grass, nuts, twigs, alfalfa, corn, fruit, and fungi. Their diet fluctuates all year to what is available each season. During the winter deer tend to eat buds, bark, and shoots, while in the spring and summer time they will generally eat corn, and acorns.

When do deer shed their antlers?

Deer shed their antlers once a year usually between January and April. The shedding process takes between 2 to 3 weeks and it can take from 24 to 48 hours for the antlers to fall off. Deer will grow new antlers throughout the summer.

Where do deer sleep?

Deer are able to sleep in spaces that feel safe and offer protection to them. They typically bed in places that shield them against cold temperatures and winds. They also like to be near food sources, and once they find a bedding space that they like they may go back to the same location often.

Deer

Moose
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
3D
Taruca
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
3D

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Reindeer | Caribou
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Reindeer (Caribou) to a typical person

Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), known in North America as Caribou, is a species of deer found in the Arctic tundra and neighboring boreal forests of Greenland, Scandinavia, Russia, Alaska, and Canada. Reindeer have been domesticated in Europe and range from two varieties or ecotypes: Tundra Reindeer and Woodland Reindeer.

Tundra Reindeer migrate between the tundra and the forest in large herds of up to half a million that travel as far as 5,000 km on their strong cloven hoofs. Both male and female Reindeer can grow antlers with up to 44 tines for males and half that for females. This is the only deer species that both genders can have antlers.

Reindeer (Caribou) have standing shoulder heights between 2’9”-4’7” (85-140 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’11”-7’2” (120-220 cm), and overall weights of 132-705 lb (60-320 kg). The lifespan of a wild Reindeer is roughly 15-20 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Reindeer (Caribou)
Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), known in North America as Caribou, is a species of deer found in the Arctic tundra and neighboring boreal forests of Greenland, Scandinavia, Russia, Alaska, and Canada. Reindeer have been domesticated in Europe and range from two varieties: Tundra and Woodland.

Reindeer (Caribou) have standing shoulder heights between 2’9”-4’7” (85-140 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’11”-7’2” (120-220 cm), and overall weights of 132-705 lb (60-320 kg). The lifespan of a wild Reindeer is roughly 15-20 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Reindeer (Caribou)
Reindeer | Caribou
Height:
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
Width:
Length:
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
Depth:
Weight:
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rangifer tarandus
Lifespan
15-20 years

Drawings include:

Reindeer (Caribou) side elevation (standing), side (walking), side (eating), side (lying down), front (standing)

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Irish Elk | Giant Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Irish Elk (Giant Deer) to a typical person

The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct breed of deer, with a massive body size and large-wide antlers ranging up to 13 feet (4 m). The Irish Elk is also known as the Irish Deer or Giant Deer and is most closely related to a modern-day Moose from body size to similar colors of fur.

Irish Elks ranged from the West of Ireland to the UK, to the South and North of Africa, and to East Siberia and China during the Pleistocene.

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) had standing shoulder heights between 6’6”-7’ (198-213 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9’10”-10’6” (3-3.2 m), and overall weights of 1190-1543 lb (540-700 kg). The lifespan of an Irish Elk is thought to be roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Irish Elk (Giant Deer)
The Irish Elk (Megaloceros giganteus) is an extinct breed of deer, with a massive body size and large-wide antlers ranging up to 13 feet (4 m). The Irish Elk is also known as the Irish Deer or Giant Deer and is most closely related to a modern-day Moose from body size to similar colors of fur.

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) had standing shoulder heights between 6’6”-7’ (198-213 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9’10”-10’6” (3-3.2 m), and overall weights of 1190-1543 lb (540-700 kg). The lifespan of an Irish Elk is thought to be roughly 10-15 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Irish Elk (Giant Deer)
Irish Elk | Giant Deer
Height:
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
Width:
Length:
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
Depth:
Weight:
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Megaloceros giganteus
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Irish Elk (Giant Deer) side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Pudú
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Pudú to a typical person

The Pudú (Pudu mephistophiles) is the smallest deer in the world, with the northern Pudú being marginally smaller than the southern Pudú.  It has four slender, short legs with a sturdy body. Pudús have eyes that are small and black, with black necks, and 3 inch (8 cm) rounded long ears.

Males do grow antlers, but they are only several inches long because of their small body size. The cautious movements of Pudú keep the species hidden to prevent raising the chance of being detected by predators. Pudús generally only go out into open plains for food then rush back into the forest.

Pudú have standing shoulder heights between 1’2”-1’3” (35-38 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’7”-2’9” (80-85 cm), and overall weights of 20-33 lb (9-15 kg). The lifespan of a wild Pudú is roughly 8-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Pudú
The Pudú (Pudu mephistophiles) is the smallest deer in the world, with the northern Pudú being marginally smaller than the southern Pudú. It has four slender, short legs with a sturdy body. Pudús have eyes that are small and black, with black necks, and 3 inch (8 cm) rounded long ears.

Pudú have standing shoulder heights between 1’2”-1’3” (35-38 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 2’7”-2’9” (80-85 cm), and overall weights of 20-33 lb (9-15 kg). The lifespan of a wild Pudú is roughly 8-10 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Pudú
Pudú
Height:
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
Width:
Length:
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
Depth:
Weight:
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Pudu puda
Lifespan
8-10 years

Drawings include:

Pudú side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Moose | Eurasian Elk
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Moose (Eurasian Elk) to a typical person

Moose (Alces alces), also known as Eurasian Elk, are found in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia, are the largest member of the deer family. Moose comes from the word ‘moosh’ meaning “stripper and eater of bark” in the language of the Innu of Canada and is the common name for these mammals in North America. In Europe however, moose are called elk.

Physically, moose are grand in size due to their long legs, broad muzzle, and wide antlers. The shape of their muzzle aids in these mammals’ feeding on submerged aquatic vegetation. Personality-wise, moose are valiant and ready to be on the defense against predators such as grizzly bears, black bears, and wolf packs.

Moose (Eurasian Elk) have standing shoulder heights between 5’6”-6’11” (168-211 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9.2’-10’ (280-305 cm), and overall weights of 600-1500 lb (270-680 kg). The lifespan of a wild Moose is roughly 15-25 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Moose (Eurasian) Elk
Moose (Alces alces), also known as Eurasian Elk, are found in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia, are the largest member of the deer family. Moose comes from the word ‘moosh’ meaning “stripper and eater of bark" in the language of the Innu of Canada.

Moose (Eurasian Elk) have standing shoulder heights between 5’6”-6’11” (168-211 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 9.2’-10’ (280-305 cm), and overall weights of 600-1500 lb (270-680 kg). The lifespan of a wild Moose is roughly 15-25 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Moose (Eurasian) Elk
Moose | Eurasian Elk
Height:
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
Width:
Length:
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
Depth:
Weight:
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Alces alces
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:

Moose (Eurasian Elk) side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down), side (walking)

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Bawean Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Bawean Deer to a typical person

The Bawean Deer (Hyelaphus kuhlii) is a highly endangered species of deer found only on Indonesia's island of Bawean. Bawean Deer are medium brown, with a yellowish fur tint and their skin appears grizzled in close vicinity. On the top of the throat is a light spot and the eye has a ring of light hair.

The eyes of a Bawean Deer are lighter than the ears, and a prominent black line that stretches from the sides of the mouth to the nose reinforces this coloration. Bawean Deer have relatively low legs and (when they stand) the torso is angled to the shoulders from the hump. Males only grew antlers and each antler has three prongs of roughly 10"-19" (25-47 cm) long.

Bawean Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-2’4” (65-70 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-4’7” (122-140 cm), and overall weights of 110-132 lb (50-60 kg). The lifespan of a wild Bawean Deer is roughly 15-20 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Bawean Deer
The Bawean Deer (Hyelaphus kuhlii) is a highly endangered species of deer found only on Indonesia's island of Bawean. Bawean Deer are medium brown, with a yellowish fur tint and their skin appears grizzled in close vicinity. On the top of the throat and around the eye are spots of light hair.

Bawean Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’2”-2’4” (65-70 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 4’-4’7” (122-140 cm), and overall weights of 110-132 lb (50-60 kg). The lifespan of a wild Bawean Deer is roughly 15-20 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Bawean Deer
Bawean Deer
Height:
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
Width:
Length:
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
Depth:
Weight:
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hyelaphus kuhlii
Lifespan
15-20 years

Drawings include:

Bawean Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

Details & Downloads

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