Deer are cloven hooved even-toed ungulates which range in size from 1.25’-6.5’ (.4-1.9 m) with all species, except for one, having antlers. Male deer grow antlers (except for reindeer where both males and females grow antlers) which are covered in velvet until fully grown when the velvet dies and they rub it off on vegetation.

Deer exist on every continent besides Australia and Antarctica and live in temperate, alpine, wetlands, and grasslands. A social animal, deer travel in herds and are most active during dawn and dusk. Being herbivores, much of a deer’s day is spent foraging for grasses, small shrubs, and leaves.

What do deer eat?

Deer are herbivores and generally eat grass, nuts, twigs, alfalfa, corn, fruit, and fungi. Their diet fluctuates all year to what is available each season. During the winter deer tend to eat buds, bark, and shoots, while in the spring and summer time they will generally eat corn, and acorns.

When do deer shed their antlers?

Deer shed their antlers once a year usually between January and April. The shedding process takes between 2 to 3 weeks and it can take from 24 to 48 hours for the antlers to fall off. Deer will grow new antlers throughout the summer.

Where do deer sleep?

Deer are able to sleep in spaces that feel safe and offer protection to them. They typically bed in places that shield them against cold temperatures and winds. They also like to be near food sources, and once they find a bedding space that they like they may go back to the same location often.

* Under Development *

Related Collections
Deer Guides
Browse through our curated Deer Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Deer. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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3’11”-4’1” | 120-125 cm
4’-5’10” | 122-180 cm
375-617 lb | 170-280 kg
10-20 years
Barasingha
125.000
180.000
280.000
20.00
1400
3D
Barasingha
2’2”-2’4” | 65-70 cm
4’-4’7” | 122-140 cm
110-132 lb | 50-60 kg
15-20 years
Bawean Deer
70.000
140.000
60.000
20.00
400
3D
Bawean Deer
Chital
2900
2’6”-3’3” | 75-100 cm
3’7”-4’7” | 110-140 cm
99-187 lb | 45-85 kg
10-15 years
Chital
100.000
140.000
85.000
15.00
2900
3D
Chital
4’-5’7” | 122-170 cm
6’10”-8” | 208-244 cm
325-1100 lb | 147-500 kg
10-15 years
Elk | Wapiti
170.000
244.000
500.000
15.00
143000
3D
Elk | Wapiti
2’6”-3’1” | 76-94 cm
4’3”-5’3” | 130-160 cm
65-220 lb | 29-100 kg
8-15 years
Fallow Deer
94.000
160.000
100.000
15.00
19000
3D
Fallow Deer
6’6”-7’ | 198-213 cm
9’10”-10’6” | 3-3.2 m
1190-1543 lb | 540-700 kg
10-15 years
Irish Elk
213.000
320.000
700.000
15.00
19000
3D
Irish Elk
3’7”-4’ | 109-122 cm
6’-6’6” | 183-198 cm
155-330 lb | 70-150 kg
10-15 years
Marsh Deer
122.000
198.000
150.000
15.00
600
3D
Marsh Deer
Moose
176500
5’6”-6’11” | 168-211 cm
9.2’-10’ | 280-305 cm
600-1500 lb | 270-680 kg
15-25 years
Moose
211.000
305.000
680.000
25.00
176500
3D
Moose
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
15-22 years
Mule Deer
107.000
168.000
150.000
22.00
38000
3D
Mule Deer
Pudú
12300
1’2”-1’3” | 35-38 cm
2’7”-2’9” | 80-85 cm
20-33 lb | 9-15 kg
8-10 years
Pudú
38.000
85.000
15.000
10.00
12300
3D
Pudú
2’3”-2’4” | 70-72 cm
2’3”-4’3” | 70-130 cm
35-55 lb | 16-25 kg
7-12 years
Red Brocket
72.000
130.000
25.000
12.00
305
3D
Red Brocket
3’3”-3’11” | 100-120 cm
5’6”-8’6” | 168-259 cm
250-550 lb | 113-250 kg
10-15 years
Red Deer
120.000
259.000
250.000
15.00
18000
3D
Red Deer
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
15-20 years
Reindeer | Caribou
140.000
220.000
320.000
20.00
204000
3D
Reindeer | Caribou
2’2”-2’9” | 65-85 cm
3’1”-4’9” | 95-145 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
7-10 years
Roe Deer
85.000
145.000
60.000
10.00
12000
3D
Roe Deer
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
10-20 years
Sambar Deer
160.000
269.000
544.000
20.00
4700
3D
Sambar Deer
2’2”-3’7” | 65-110 cm
3’5”-5’1” | 105-155 cm
55-245 lb | 25-111 kg
10-15 years
Sika Deer
110.000
155.000
111.000
15.00
13000
3D
Sika Deer
2’7”-2’11” | 80-90 cm
4’7”-5’9” | 140-175 cm
154-220 lb | 70-100 kg
10-15 years
South Andean Deer
90.000
175.000
100.000
15.00
1900
3D
South Andean Deer
2’7”-3’ | 79-91 cm
4’11”-5’7” | 150-170 cm
99-143 lb | 45-65 kg
8-10 years
Taruca
91.000
170.000
65.000
10.00
700
3D
Taruca
1’7”-2’4” | 48-71 cm
3’7”-5’4” | 109-163 cm
35-110 lb | 16-50 kg
10-15 years
Tufted Deer
71.000
163.000
50.000
15.00
6600
3D
Tufted Deer
1’6”-1’10” | 46-56 cm
2’6”-3’4” | 76-102 cm
20-30 lb | 9-14 kg
10-12 years
Water Deer
56.000
102.000
14.000
12.00
7100
3D
Water Deer
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
6-15 years
White-Tailed Deer
91.000
220.000
113.000
15.00
30000
3D
White-Tailed Deer
Sambar Deer
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Sambar Deer to a typical person

Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor) are a widely spread species of deer native to India, but range to Nepal and the east across Southeast Asia. The Sambar lives in the woodland areas, alone or in small groups. The coat of a Sambar Deer forms a rough dark brown layer around its neck.

The male Sambar grows long three-tined antlers. Because of its large scale, the Sambar Deer can consume a lot of food every single day with a diet that consists of grass and herbs found around their surroundings.

Sambar Deer have standing shoulder heights between 3’4”-5’3” (101-160 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 5’4”-8’10” (163-269 cm), and overall weights of 220-1200 lb (100-544 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sambar Deer is roughly 10-20 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sambar Deer
Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor) are a widely spread species of deer native to India, but range to Nepal and the east across Southeast Asia. The Sambar lives in the woodland areas, alone or in small groups. The coat of a Sambar Deer forms a rough dark brown layer around its neck.

Sambar Deer have standing shoulder heights between 3’4”-5’3” (101-160 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 5’4”-8’10” (163-269 cm), and overall weights of 220-1200 lb (100-544 kg). The lifespan of a wild Sambar Deer is roughly 10-20 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Sambar Deer
Sambar Deer
Height:
3’4”-5’3” | 101-160 cm
Width:
Length:
5’4”-8’10” | 163-269 cm
Depth:
Weight:
220-1200 lb | 100-544 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rusa unicolor
Lifespan
10-20 years

Drawings include:

Sambar Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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Marsh Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a Marsh Deer to an average human

The Marsh Deer (Blastocerus dichotomus) is the largest deer species found in South America and is primarily found from the southern borders of Amazonian Peru and southern Brazil to northeastern Argentina. Marsh Deer have huge ears, with white hair, red-golden brown fur, dark-large eyes, and long dark legs.

Their shoulders and the eyes of the Marsh Deer also have white line coloring. The legs of Marsh Deer have dark black patches underneath their muzzles and their tail is a light reddish color on the upper and black on the bottom of the rest of the body. Throughout winter months, the Marsh Deer’s coat becomes darker and their primary food source, aquatic plants, becomes harder to forage.

Marsh Deer have standing shoulder heights between 3’7”-4’ (109-122 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 6’-6’6” (183-198 cm), and overall weights of 155-330 lb (70-150 kg). The lifespan of a wild Marsh Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Marsh Deer
The Marsh Deer (Blastocerus dichotomus) is the largest deer species found in South America and is primarily found from the southern borders of Amazonian Peru and southern Brazil to northeastern Argentina. Marsh Deer have huge ears, with white hair, red-golden brown fur, dark eyes, and long legs.

Marsh Deer have standing shoulder heights between 3’7”-4’ (109-122 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 6’-6’6” (183-198 cm), and overall weights of 155-330 lb (70-150 kg). The lifespan of a wild Marsh Deer is roughly 10-15 years.

Group of illustrated side elevation drawings of the Marsh Deer
Marsh Deer
Height:
3’7”-4’ | 109-122 cm
Width:
Length:
6’-6’6” | 183-198 cm
Depth:
Weight:
155-330 lb | 70-150 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Blastocerus dichotomus
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Marsh Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

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White-Tailed Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a White-Tailed Deer to an average human

White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear while the rest of their coat is reddish in the summer and a dull gray in the winter.

The hair of the White-Tailed Deer is flared during flight, and their tail resembles a signaling flag. While White-Tailed Deer from North and South America are generally accepted as one group, genetically these deer are farther apart than White-Tailed and Black-Tailed Deer in North America.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear.

White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the White-Tailed Deer
White-Tailed Deer
Height:
2'8"-3' | 81-91 cm
Width:
Length:
3’1”-7’2” | 95-220 cm
Depth:
Weight:
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Odocoileus virginianus
Lifespan
6-15 years

Drawings include:

White-Tailed Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running)

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Reindeer | Caribou
Scaled drawing comparing the size of a Reindeer (Caribou) to a typical person

Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), known in North America as Caribou, is a species of deer found in the Arctic tundra and neighboring boreal forests of Greenland, Scandinavia, Russia, Alaska, and Canada. Reindeer have been domesticated in Europe and range from two varieties or ecotypes: Tundra Reindeer and Woodland Reindeer.

Tundra Reindeer migrate between the tundra and the forest in large herds of up to half a million that travel as far as 5,000 km on their strong cloven hoofs. Both male and female Reindeer can grow antlers with up to 44 tines for males and half that for females. This is the only deer species that both genders can have antlers.

Reindeer (Caribou) have standing shoulder heights between 2’9”-4’7” (85-140 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’11”-7’2” (120-220 cm), and overall weights of 132-705 lb (60-320 kg). The lifespan of a wild Reindeer is roughly 15-20 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Reindeer (Caribou)
Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), known in North America as Caribou, is a species of deer found in the Arctic tundra and neighboring boreal forests of Greenland, Scandinavia, Russia, Alaska, and Canada. Reindeer have been domesticated in Europe and range from two varieties: Tundra and Woodland.

Reindeer (Caribou) have standing shoulder heights between 2’9”-4’7” (85-140 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’11”-7’2” (120-220 cm), and overall weights of 132-705 lb (60-320 kg). The lifespan of a wild Reindeer is roughly 15-20 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Reindeer (Caribou)
Reindeer | Caribou
Height:
2’9”-4’7” | 85-140 cm
Width:
Length:
3’11”-7’2” | 120-220 cm
Depth:
Weight:
132-705 lb | 60-320 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Rangifer tarandus
Lifespan
15-20 years

Drawings include:

Reindeer (Caribou) side elevation (standing), side (walking), side (eating), side (lying down), front (standing)

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Mule Deer
Comparison illustration of the size of a Mule Deer to an average human

The Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is deer species indigenous to western North America and is named for its large eyes that resemble those of a mule. Mule Deer’s are mainly found throughout the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and North America's West Coast. Argentina and Kauai, Hawaii were also introduced to the Mule Deer.

Often compared to the White-Tailed Deer, the most notable distinctions between them are that the Mule Deer has larger ears, black-tipped tail color instead of white, and antlers that become "forks" when they grow instead of being branched off a single main beam.

Mule Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’8”-3’6” (81-107 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-5’6” (109-168 cm), and overall weights of 99-330 lb (45-150 kg). The lifespan of a wild Mule Deer is roughly 15-22 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Mule Deer
The Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is deer species indigenous to western North America and is named for its large eyes that resemble those of a mule. Mule Deer’s are mainly found throughout the western Great Plains, the Rocky Mountains, the southwest United States, and North America's West Coast.

Mule Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2’8”-3’6” (81-107 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’7”-5’6” (109-168 cm), and overall weights of 99-330 lb (45-150 kg). The lifespan of a wild Mule Deer is roughly 15-22 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of the Mule Deer
Mule Deer
Height:
2’8”-3’6” | 81-107 cm
Width:
Length:
3’7”-5’6” | 109-168 cm
Depth:
Weight:
99-330 lb | 45-150 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Odocoileus hemionus
Lifespan
15-22 years

Drawings include:

Mule Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing)

Details & Downloads

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