Cattle | Bovine | Bovinae

Cattle, also commonly referred to as cows, are the most commonly domesticated ungulates. Evidence of the domestication of cattle dates back to 6,500 B.C., with cattle being one of the first species domesticated after sheep, goats, pigs, and dogs. Domestic cattle serve a trifold purpose being raised for their meat, milk, and work abilities. In some areas of the world, such as India, cattle are a religious figure and are not raised for slaughter. Cattle are not as commonly raised for their work abilities as they used to be, since they were replace by horses and then later machines; they are now primarily raised for meat or dairy.

What do cows eat?

Cows are herbivores and need of lots of nutrition to produce milk. A cow’s diet consists of grass silage, hay, alfalfa hay, grains, and corn. Typically, barley, oats, minerals, and vitamins are mixed into their food. Cows drink about 25 gallons of water a day.

How many cows can graze per acre?

Generally, a cow and calf pair need 1.5 to 2 acres for adequate grazing, but this depends on the location. Other factors that affect how many cows can graze per acre include the soil fertility, pasture quality, and rain.

Why do cows wear bells?

Cowbells are used by farmers locate and keep track of the cow herd by the sound of the bells. They also may scare away any potential predators. As technology has improved, the use and need of cowbells has become less popular.

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Cattle | Bovine

Bison | Buffalo
Scale comparison of a Bison | Buffalo and a human with dimensions of height and length

Bison, also commonly known as buffalo, are nomadic grazing herbivores and the largest surviving terrestrial mammals in North America and Europe. Once a symbol for the American Great Plains, vast herds of bison provided food, clothing and tools for the native people of the prairies. After being hunted to near extinction by settlers, the majority of bison today are raised in captivity as livestock.

The typical Bison | Buffalo has an overall height of 60.0"-78.0" (1.52-1.98 m) and body length of 79.0"-138.0" (2-3.5 m). An average Bison | Buffalo weighs between 660-2,200 lb (300-1000 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 15 years (wild), 25 years (captivity).

Collection of drawings of Bison | Buffalo seen from the side, front, back, and laying down
Bison, also commonly known as buffalo, are nomadic grazing herbivores and the largest surviving terrestrial mammals in North America and Europe. Once a symbol for the American Great Plains, vast herds of bison provided food, clothing and tools for the native people of the prairies.

The typical Bison | Buffalo has an overall height of 60.0"-78.0" (1.52-1.98 m) and body length of 79.0"-138.0" (2-3.5 m). An average Bison | Buffalo weighs between 660-2,200 lb (300-1000 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 15 years (wild), 25 years (captivity).

Collection of drawings of Bison | Buffalo seen from the side, front, back, and laying down
Bison | Buffalo
Height:
60.0"-78.0" (5’-6’6”) | 1.52-1.98 m
Width:
Length:
79.0"-138.0" (6’7”-11’6”) | 2-3.5 m
Depth:
Withers Height
Weight:
660-2,200 lb | 300-1000 kg
Area:

Uses: Meat, hide, wool, dairy

Bison bison
Lifespan
15 years (wild), 25 years (captivity)

Drawings include:
Bison | Buffalo side elevation (standing), front, back, side (laying down)

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Dairy Cow
Drawing comparing an average Dairy Cow to a human with dimensions for length and height

Dairy cows are a type of cattle cow bred specifically for the production of greater quantities of milk used to make a range of common dairy products from cheeses, to yogurts, butters, ice cream, and sour cream. Increasingly specialized from beef cattle, dairy cows are raised in herds on dairy farms where they will spend between 2-4 years producing milk before being marketed for beef. Cattle are farmed for a variety of human products that include milk and beef, but also include leathers, fats, gelatins, and medicinal bi-products.

Knickers
Knickers is an oversized Holstein steer in Western Australia that gained internet fame for its impressive size. Standing at 6’4” (1.93 m) and weighing an estimated 2,800 pounds (1,270 kg), Knickers’ size is emphasized by his proximity to surrounding Wagyu cattle that average 4.5’ (1.37 m) tall.

The average Dairy Cow has an overall height of 62.0"-69.0" (1.6-1.8 m), withers height of 54.0"-60.0" (1.37-1.5 m), and body length of 92.0"-103.0" (2.3-2.6 m). A typical Dairy Cow weighs between 1,400-2,000 lb (635-907 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 4-5 years (farm); 20 (natural).

Multiple drawings of a dairy cow illustrated from the side standing, front, and laying down
Dairy cows are a type of cattle cow bred specifically for the production of greater quantities of milk used to make a range of common dairy products.

The average Dairy Cow has an overall height of 62.0"-69.0" (1.6-1.8 m), withers height of 54.0"-60.0" (1.37-1.5 m), and body length of 92.0"-103.0" (2.3-2.6 m). A typical Dairy Cow weighs between 1,400-2,000 lb (635-907 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 4-5 years (farm); 20 (natural).

Multiple drawings of a dairy cow illustrated from the side standing, front, and laying down
Dairy Cow
Height:
62.0"-69.0" | 1.6-1.8 m
Width:
Length:
92.0"-103.0" | 2.3-2.6 m
Depth:
Withers Height
54.0"-60.0" | 1.37-1.5 m
Weight:
1,400-2,000 lb | 635-907 kg
Area:

Uses: Milk, meat (beef), leather, gelatin, medical products

Bos taurus
Lifespan
4-5 years (farm); 20 (natural)

Drawings include:
Diary Cow standing side elevation, side (male farmer), front, side (laying down)

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