Antelopes | Antilopinae 

Antelopes (Antilopinae) refers to a group of ruminants mostly found in Africa and Eurasia. They can be browsers or grazers, and have or lack horns and coats. They may as well have or lack fur, depending on where they are found. Most have a robust body with sturdy legs or powerful long hind legs for jumping and escaping predation. You can find them in savannahs, deserts, forested areas, and woodlands. A common feature about antelopes is that they are fast runners and most males are larger than females. Males also are polygamous and prefer to stay in separate herds from females and juveniles. Although smaller antelopes form monogamous pairs. A few notable antelopes include the impalas, saiga, zeren, hirola, kob, and zebra duiker.

Which animals hunt antelope?

Antelopes are a favorite meal for many predators: lions, cheetahs, leopards, and even crocodiles. As a result, they must always be on the lookout for danger. Fortunately, they are blessed with quick long legs that make them agile and capable of leaping very high in the air to avoid predation. Antelopes can also whistle to warn others of attackers.

What do antelopes eat?

Antelopes love open savannahs, woodlands, and grasslands where there is plenty of grass, weed, and flowers to eat. Some species also browse bushes, leaves, shoots, and stems while others, especially the duikers, eat insects, small mammals, and birds. Antelopes living in desert areas must eat food with a good amount of water and minerals to help them survive the harsh environment.

What are male and female antelopes called?

Male and female antelopes can exist in groups, pairs, or just alone, like the duikers. For those species living in groups, like the impalas, females also called does form separate herds with their young, while males also known as bucks live in male or bachelor herds and have to fight other bucks for mating rights or controlling a female herd.

Antelopes Guides
Browse through our curated Antelopes Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Antelopes. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Addax
329400
35.4”-39.4” | 90-100 cm
12.6”-14.2” | 32-36 cm
45.3”-51.2” | 115-130 cm
132-298 lb | 60-135 kg
19-25 years
Addax
100.000
36.000
130.000
135.000
25.00
329400
3D
Addax
30.3”-41.3” | 77-105 cm
7.5”-10.2” | 19-26 cm
31.5”-43.3” | 80-110 cm
35-66 lb | 16-30 kg
8-15 years
Arabian Gazelle
105.000
26.000
110.000
30.000
15.00
2900
3D
Arabian Gazelle
43.3”-66.9” | 110-170 cm
13.4”-21.3” | 34-54 cm
59”-92.5” | 150-235 cm
143-165 lb | 65-75 kg
15-21 years
Arabian Oryx
170.000
54.000
235.000
75.000
21.00
15450
3D
Arabian Oryx
Beira
16040
27.6”-35.4” | 70-90 cm
7.1”-9.1” | 18-23 cm
31.5”-39.4” | 80-100 cm
20-31 lb | 9-14 kg
10-14 years
Beira
90.000
23.000
100.000
14.000
14.00
16040
3D
Beira
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
17.3”-22” | 44-56 cm
66.9”-86.6” | 170-220 cm
243-375 lb | 110-170 kg
15-22 years
Black Wildebeest
180.000
56.000
220.000
170.000
22.00
5100
3D
Black Wildebeest
34.6”-44.9” | 88-114 cm
9.4”-12.2” | 24-31 cm
39.4”-51.2” | 100-130 cm
68-126 lb | 31-57 kg
10-24 years
Blackbuck
114.000
31.000
130.000
57.000
24.00
58200
3D
Blackbuck
15”-22.8” | 38-58 cm
5.5”-8.3” | 14-21 cm
21.7”-31.5” | 55-80 cm
8.8-20 lb | 4-9 kg
10-16 years
Blue Duiker
58.000
21.000
80.000
9.000
16.00
2560
3D
Blue Duiker
49.2”-76.8” | 125-195 cm
15.75”-26.4” | 40-67 cm
59”-94.5” | 150-240 cm
265-639 lb | 120-290 kg
15-24 years
Blue Wildebeest
195.000
67.000
240.000
290.000
24.00
9800
3D
Blue Wildebeest
50”-61” | 127-155 cm
13.4”-15.75” | 34-40 cm
61”-94.5” | 155-190 cm
265-441 lb | 120-200 kg
15-22 years
Bluebuck
155.000
40.000
190.000
200.000
22.00
4150
3D
Bluebuck
40.2”-65” | 102-165 cm
13”-22” | 33-56 cm
51.2”-82.7” | 130-210 cm
121-342 lb | 55-155 kg
12-23 years
Bontebok
165.000
56.000
210.000
155.000
23.00
5350
3D
Bontebok
29.9”-39.4” | 76-100 cm
9.1”-11.4” | 23-29 cm
35.4”-47.2” | 90-120 cm
44-55 lb | 20-25 kg
12-15 years
Chinkara
100.000
29.000
120.000
25.000
15.00
20900
3D
Chinkara
24.8”-35.8” | 63-91 cm
6.3”-9.4” | 16-24 cm
31.5”-45.3” | 80-115 cm
33-55 lb | 15-25 kg
8-14 years
Common Duiker
91.000
24.000
115.000
25.000
14.00
1390
3D
Common Duiker
52.75”-81.9” | 134-208 cm
18.1”-26.4” | 46-67 cm
59”-90.6” | 150-230 cm
265-353 lb | 120-160 kg
10-15 years
Common Tsessebe
208.000
67.000
230.000
160.000
15.00
805
3D
Common Tsessebe
52”-60.6” | 132-154 cm
9.8”-11.4” | 25-29 cm
55.1”-65” | 140-165 cm
77-165 lb | 35-75 kg
12-19 years
Dama Gazelle
154.000
29.000
165.000
75.000
19.00
1750
3D
Dama Gazelle
28.7”-36.2” | 73-92 cm
7.1”-9.1” | 18-23 cm
35.4”-43.3” | 90-110 cm
31-44 lb | 14-20 kg
15-24 years
Dorcas Gazelle
92.000
23.000
110.000
20.000
24.00
3100
3D
Dorcas Gazelle
Gemsbok
33250
48.4”-64.6” | 123-164 cm
15.4”-19.3” | 39-49 cm
70.9”-94.5” | 180-240 cm
220-661 lb | 100-300 kg
18-24 years
Gemsbok
164.000
49.000
240.000
300.000
24.00
33250
3D
Gemsbok
Gerenuk
20250
52.4”-61.4” | 133-156 cm
10.6”-12.6” | 27-32 cm
55.1”-63” | 140-160 cm
66-110 lb | 30-50 kg
8-13 years
Gerenuk
156.000
32.000
160.000
50.000
13.00
20250
3D
Gerenuk
61.8”-89.4” | 157-227 cm
19.7”-27.6” | 50-70 cm
68.9”-98.4” | 175-250 cm
220-441 lb | 100-200 kg
11-20 years
Hartebeest
227.000
70.000
250.000
200.000
20.00
8700
3D
Hartebeest
Hirola
5250
39.4”-65.4” | 100-166 cm
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm
47.2”-80.7” | 120-205 cm
154-254 lb | 70-115 kg
10-15 years
Hirola
166.000
40.000
205.000
115.000
15.00
5250
3D
Hirola
Impala
28450
41.7”-55.5” | 106-141 cm
8.7”-11.8” | 22-30 cm
47.2”-63” | 120-160 cm
88-168 lb | 40-76 kg
10-25 years
Impala
141.000
30.000
160.000
76.000
25.00
28450
3D
Impala
25.6”-39.4” | 65-100 cm
8.7”-13” | 22-33 cm
29.5”-45.3” | 75-115 cm
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
12-18 years
Klipspringer
100.000
33.000
115.000
18.000
18.00
18080
3D
Klipspringer
Kob
49200
39.4”-57.9” | 100-147 cm
9.8”-14.6” | 25-37 cm
49.2”-70.9” | 125-180 cm
198-265 lb | 90-120 kg
17-22 years
Kob
147.000
37.000
180.000
120.000
22.00
49200
3D
Kob
Lechwe
4000
37.4”-51.2” | 95-130 cm
10.6”-15” | 27-38 cm
51.2”-70.9” | 130-180 cm
132-265 lb | 60-120 kg
15-25 years
Lechwe
130.000
38.000
180.000
120.000
25.00
4000
3D
Lechwe
33.5”-49.2” | 85-125 cm
9.8”-15.4” | 25-39 cm
39.4”-59” | 100-150 cm
44-86 lb | 20-39 kg
7-12 years
Mongolian Gazelle
125.000
39.000
150.000
39.000
12.00
1860
3D
Mongolian Gazelle
34.6”-46.5” | 88-118 cm
8.7”-11.4” | 22-29 cm
39.4”-53.5” | 100-136 cm
53-84 lb | 24-38 kg
10-15 years
Mountain Reedbuck
118.000
29.000
136.000
38.000
15.00
1330
3D
Mountain Reedbuck
Oribi
16070
31.5”-37” | 80-94 cm
8.3”-9.8” | 21-25 cm
36.2”-43.3” | 92-110 cm
26-49 lb | 12-22 kg
8-14 years
Oribi
94.000
25.000
110.000
22.000
14.00
16070
3D
Oribi
Puku
44020
41.7”-52.75” | 106-134 cm
11.8”-15” | 30-38 cm
49.6”-63” | 126-160 cm
132-170 lb | 60-77 kg
15-18 years
Puku
134.000
38.000
160.000
77.000
18.00
44020
3D
Puku
61.8”-77.6” | 157-197 cm
17.7”-24.8” | 45-63 cm
74.8”-94.5” | 190-240 cm
496-661 lb | 225-300 kg
17-26 years
Roan Antelope
197.000
63.000
240.000
300.000
26.00
5700
3D
Roan Antelope
59”-78” | 150-198 cm
19.7”-26” | 50-66 cm
74.8”-100.4” | 190-255 cm
485-529 lb | 220-240 kg
16-22 years
Sable Antelope
198.000
66.000
255.000
240.000
22.00
12200
3D
Sable Antelope
Saiga
35400
31.1”-41.3” | 79-105 cm
10.6”-14.2” | 27-36 cm
43.3”-57.5” | 110-146 cm
44-110 lb | 20-50 kg
6-12 years
Saiga
105.000
36.000
146.000
50.000
12.00
35400
3D
Saiga
44.1”-67.7” | 112-172 cm
14.2”-21.7” | 36-55 cm
59”-90.6” | 150-230 cm
198-463 lb | 90-210 kg
15-28 years
Scimitar Oryx
172.000
55.000
230.000
210.000
28.00
13200
3D
Scimitar Oryx
37”-46.1” | 94-117 cm
9.1”-11” | 23-28 cm
47.2”-59” | 120-150 cm
60-106 lb | 27-48 kg
7-19 years
Springbok
117.000
28.000
150.000
48.000
19.00
93350
3D
Springbok
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm
5.9”-7.9” | 15-20 cm
27.6”-37.4” | 70-95 cm
15.4-35 lb | 7-16 kg
7-12 years
Steenbok
80.000
20.000
95.000
16.000
12.00
25200
3D
Steenbok
Suni
27005
17.7”-20.9” | 45-53 cm
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
21.7”-25.6” | 55-65 cm
8.8-13.2 lb | 4-6 kg
9-14 years
Suni
53.000
16.000
65.000
6.000
14.00
27005
3D
Suni
57.1”-74” | 145-188 cm
15.75”-21.3” | 40-54 cm
70.9”-92.5” | 180-235 cm
353-573 lb | 160-260 kg
11-30 years
Waterbuck
188.000
54.000
235.000
260.000
30.00
15150
3D
Waterbuck
22.4”-25.2” | 57-64 cm
7.1”-7.9” | 18-20 cm
33.5”-35.4” | 85-90 cm
33-51 lb | 15-23 kg
11-13 years
Zebra Duiker
64.000
20.000
90.000
23.000
13.00
790
3D
Zebra Duiker
Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Klipspringer compared to an average person

It may be hard to see the Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus) in the wild because it is nocturnal. Besides, it has a perfectly camouflage thick coat composed of bristle hairs. The coat, which is yellowish gray to reddish brown, makes it blend well with the rocky terrain it inhabits. This is in eastern and southern Africa. The Klipspringer is a small browser with large hindquarters, large and round ears, and a small tail. Males and females form lifelong partners. In addition, males inhabiting the eastern regions of Africa have horns, while those in the south lack them.

Klipspringers have a standing shoulder height between 16.9”-23.6” (43-60 cm), overall body length from 29.5”-45.3” (75-115 cm), standing height of roughly 25.6”-39.4” (65-100 cm), and a body width of 8.7”-13” (22-33 cm). The weight of a Klipspringer is between 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). Klipspringers have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Klipspringer
It may be hard to see the Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus) in the wild because it is nocturnal. Besides, it has a perfectly camouflage thick coat composed of bristle hairs. The coat, which is yellowish gray to reddish brown, makes it blend well with the rocky terrain it inhabits.

Klipspringers have a standing shoulder height between 16.9”-23.6” (43-60 cm), overall body length from 29.5”-45.3” (75-115 cm), standing height of roughly 25.6”-39.4” (65-100 cm), and a body width of 8.7”-13” (22-33 cm). The weight of a Klipspringer is between 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). Klipspringers have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Klipspringer
Klipspringer (Oreotragus oreotragus)
Height:
25.6”-39.4” | 65-100 cm
Width:
8.7”-13” | 22-33 cm
Length:
29.5”-45.3” | 75-115 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
16.9”-23.6” | 43-60 cm
Weight:
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Oreotragus oreotragus
Lifespan
12-18 years

Drawings include:

Klipspringer side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Gerenuk compared to an average person

The Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri) is a browser that is highly adapted to several habitats. You can find it in deserts, sun dunes, savanna, or grasslands in countries like Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, and even Eritrea. It is also called giraffe gazelle. The neck and legs are thin and long while the finely glossy coat is short and pale, tawny brown with white or cream underside. The inner parts of the legs are also white while the tail is black. Besides, we may see white fur surrounding the mouth and eyes. Both males and females have horns. The Gerenuk is diurnal and may live in small herds of single-sex, although males may lead a solitary life.

Gerenuks have a standing shoulder height between 31.5”-41.3” (80-105 cm), overall body length from 55.1”-63” (140-160 cm), standing height of roughly 52.4”-61.4” (133-156 cm), and a body width of 10.6”-12.6” (27-32 cm). The weight of a Gerenuk is between 66-110 lb (30-50 kg). Gerenuks have a typical lifespan of 8-13 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Gerenuk
The Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri) is a browser that is highly adapted to several habitats. You can find it in deserts, sun dunes, savanna, or grasslands in countries like Tanzania, Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia, and even Eritrea. It is also called giraffe gazelle.

Gerenuks have a standing shoulder height between 31.5”-41.3” (80-105 cm), overall body length from 55.1”-63” (140-160 cm), standing height of roughly 52.4”-61.4” (133-156 cm), and a body width of 10.6”-12.6” (27-32 cm). The weight of a Gerenuk is between 66-110 lb (30-50 kg). Gerenuks have a typical lifespan of 8-13 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Gerenuk
Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri)
Height:
52.4”-61.4” | 133-156 cm
Width:
10.6”-12.6” | 27-32 cm
Length:
55.1”-63” | 140-160 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
31.5”-41.3” | 80-105 cm
Weight:
66-110 lb | 30-50 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Litocranius walleri
Lifespan
8-13 years

Drawings include:

Gerenuk side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Addax (Addax nasomaculatus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Addax to a typical person

The Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) is native to the Sahara desert. It can also be called white antelope, or the screwhorn antelope. In these areas, you can see it in the dunes, savannah, and grasslands. During summer, the coat is sandy or whitish and in winter it is grayish brown. Both sexes have a black tip of the hair on the forehead and horns. Besides, the face, ears, hips, legs, and belly have visible white markings. It lives in herds controlled by a dominant male and eats desert grass and scrubs. The addax is large, heavy, and a slow runner.

Addaxes have a standing shoulder height between 33.5”-37.4” (85-95 cm), overall body length from 45.3”-51.2” (115-130 cm), standing height of roughly 35.4”-39.4” (90-100 cm), and a body width of 12.6”-14.2” (32-36 cm). The weight of a Addax is between 132-298 lb (60-135 kg). Addaxes have a typical lifespan of 19-25 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Addax
The Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) is native to the Sahara desert. It can also be called white antelope, or the screwhorn antelope. In these areas, you can see it in the dunes, savannah, and grasslands. During summer, the coat is sandy or whitish and in winter it is grayish brown.

Addaxes have a standing shoulder height between 33.5”-37.4” (85-95 cm), overall body length from 45.3”-51.2” (115-130 cm), standing height of roughly 35.4”-39.4” (90-100 cm), and a body width of 12.6”-14.2” (32-36 cm). The weight of a Addax is between 132-298 lb (60-135 kg). Addaxes have a typical lifespan of 19-25 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Addax
Addax (Addax nasomaculatus)
Height:
35.4”-39.4” | 90-100 cm
Width:
12.6”-14.2” | 32-36 cm
Length:
45.3”-51.2” | 115-130 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
33.5”-37.4” | 85-95 cm
Weight:
132-298 lb | 60-135 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Addax nasomaculatus
Lifespan
19-25 years

Drawings include:

Addax side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Suni (Nesotragus moschatus)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Suni compared to an average person

The Suni (Neotragus moschatus) is hard to see because it is shy and most active at night. During this time, you may find it feeding on fruits and flowers. These small social antelopes use scent marks to mark their boundaries and are well camouflaged in their environment by their reddish brown, dark coats. However, their throat, chin, and belly are white. Males have horns and are very territorial. These animals may also show red nostrils, hooves, and eyes surrounded by black markings. It can also whistle or bark. You can find the Suni in countries on the Eastern side of Africa — that is, from Kenya to South Africa.

Sunies have a standing shoulder height between 11.8”-16.9” (30-43 cm), overall body length from 21.7”-25.6” (55-65 cm), standing height of roughly 17.7”-20.9” (45-53 cm), and a body width of 5.1”-6.3” (13-16 cm). The weight of a Suni is between 8.8-13.2 lb (4-6 kg). Sunies have a typical lifespan of 9-14 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Suni
The Suni (Neotragus moschatus) is hard to see because it is shy and most active at night. During this time, you may find it feeding on fruits and flowers. These small social antelopes use scent marks to mark their boundaries and are well camouflaged in their environment.

Sunies have a standing shoulder height between 11.8”-16.9” (30-43 cm), overall body length from 21.7”-25.6” (55-65 cm), standing height of roughly 17.7”-20.9” (45-53 cm), and a body width of 5.1”-6.3” (13-16 cm). The weight of a Suni is between 8.8-13.2 lb (4-6 kg). Sunies have a typical lifespan of 9-14 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Suni
Suni (Nesotragus moschatus)
Height:
17.7”-20.9” | 45-53 cm
Width:
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
Length:
21.7”-25.6” | 55-65 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
11.8”-16.9” | 30-43 cm
Weight:
8.8-13.2 lb | 4-6 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Nesotragus moschatus
Lifespan
9-14 years

Drawings include:

Suni side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Oribi (Ourebia ourebi)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Oribi to a typical person

Oribi (Ourebia ourebi) males are slightly smaller than females. You can find this bovid in grasslands and floodplains of central, eastern, and southern Africa. It is diurnal and a grazer, preferring fresh grass. Oribis live in herds of four to twelve defended by a territorial male. Males have thin, straight horns. This animal has a long neck and limbs and a back that is slightly raised, giving it a slender profile. The ventral part together with the chin and throat is white, while the dorsal part is yellowish to rufous brown. Males mark territories using secretions from their preorbital glands.

Oribis have a standing shoulder height between 19.7”-26.4” (50-67 cm), overall body length from 36.2”-43.3” (92-110 cm), standing height of roughly 31.5”-37” (80-94 cm), and a body width of 8.3”-9.8” (21-25 cm). The weight of a Oribi is between 26-49 lb (12-22 kg). Oribis have a typical lifespan of 8-14 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Oribi
Oribi (Ourebia ourebi) males are slightly smaller than females. You can find this bovid in grasslands and floodplains of central, eastern, and southern Africa. It is diurnal and a grazer, preferring fresh grass. Oribis live in herds of four to twelve defended by a territorial male.

Oribis have a standing shoulder height between 19.7”-26.4” (50-67 cm), overall body length from 36.2”-43.3” (92-110 cm), standing height of roughly 31.5”-37” (80-94 cm), and a body width of 8.3”-9.8” (21-25 cm). The weight of a Oribi is between 26-49 lb (12-22 kg). Oribis have a typical lifespan of 8-14 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Oribi
Oribi (Ourebia ourebi)
Height:
31.5”-37” | 80-94 cm
Width:
8.3”-9.8” | 21-25 cm
Length:
36.2”-43.3” | 92-110 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
19.7”-26.4” | 50-67 cm
Weight:
26-49 lb | 12-22 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Ourebia ourebi
Lifespan
8-14 years

Drawings include:

Oribi side elevation, front, back, lying down

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