Antelopes | Antilopinae 

Antelopes (Antilopinae) refers to a group of ruminants mostly found in Africa and Eurasia. They can be browsers or grazers, and have or lack horns and coats. They may as well have or lack fur, depending on where they are found. Most have a robust body with sturdy legs or powerful long hind legs for jumping and escaping predation. You can find them in savannahs, deserts, forested areas, and woodlands. A common feature about antelopes is that they are fast runners and most males are larger than females. Males also are polygamous and prefer to stay in separate herds from females and juveniles. Although smaller antelopes form monogamous pairs. A few notable antelopes include the impalas, saiga, zeren, hirola, kob, and zebra duiker.

Which animals hunt antelope?

Antelopes are a favorite meal for many predators: lions, cheetahs, leopards, and even crocodiles. As a result, they must always be on the lookout for danger. Fortunately, they are blessed with quick long legs that make them agile and capable of leaping very high in the air to avoid predation. Antelopes can also whistle to warn others of attackers.

What do antelopes eat?

Antelopes love open savannahs, woodlands, and grasslands where there is plenty of grass, weed, and flowers to eat. Some species also browse bushes, leaves, shoots, and stems while others, especially the duikers, eat insects, small mammals, and birds. Antelopes living in desert areas must eat food with a good amount of water and minerals to help them survive the harsh environment.

What are male and female antelopes called?

Male and female antelopes can exist in groups, pairs, or just alone, like the duikers. For those species living in groups, like the impalas, females also called does form separate herds with their young, while males also known as bucks live in male or bachelor herds and have to fight other bucks for mating rights or controlling a female herd.

Antelopes Guides
Browse through our curated Antelopes Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Antelopes. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Addax
329400
35.4”-39.4” | 90-100 cm
12.6”-14.2” | 32-36 cm
45.3”-51.2” | 115-130 cm
132-298 lb | 60-135 kg
19-25 years
Addax
100.000
36.000
130.000
135.000
25.00
329400
3D
Addax
30.3”-41.3” | 77-105 cm
7.5”-10.2” | 19-26 cm
31.5”-43.3” | 80-110 cm
35-66 lb | 16-30 kg
8-15 years
Arabian Gazelle
105.000
26.000
110.000
30.000
15.00
2900
3D
Arabian Gazelle
43.3”-66.9” | 110-170 cm
13.4”-21.3” | 34-54 cm
59”-92.5” | 150-235 cm
143-165 lb | 65-75 kg
15-21 years
Arabian Oryx
170.000
54.000
235.000
75.000
21.00
15450
3D
Arabian Oryx
Beira
16040
27.6”-35.4” | 70-90 cm
7.1”-9.1” | 18-23 cm
31.5”-39.4” | 80-100 cm
20-31 lb | 9-14 kg
10-14 years
Beira
90.000
23.000
100.000
14.000
14.00
16040
3D
Beira
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
17.3”-22” | 44-56 cm
66.9”-86.6” | 170-220 cm
243-375 lb | 110-170 kg
15-22 years
Black Wildebeest
180.000
56.000
220.000
170.000
22.00
5100
3D
Black Wildebeest
34.6”-44.9” | 88-114 cm
9.4”-12.2” | 24-31 cm
39.4”-51.2” | 100-130 cm
68-126 lb | 31-57 kg
10-24 years
Blackbuck
114.000
31.000
130.000
57.000
24.00
58200
3D
Blackbuck
15”-22.8” | 38-58 cm
5.5”-8.3” | 14-21 cm
21.7”-31.5” | 55-80 cm
8.8-20 lb | 4-9 kg
10-16 years
Blue Duiker
58.000
21.000
80.000
9.000
16.00
2560
3D
Blue Duiker
49.2”-76.8” | 125-195 cm
15.75”-26.4” | 40-67 cm
59”-94.5” | 150-240 cm
265-639 lb | 120-290 kg
15-24 years
Blue Wildebeest
195.000
67.000
240.000
290.000
24.00
9800
3D
Blue Wildebeest
50”-61” | 127-155 cm
13.4”-15.75” | 34-40 cm
61”-94.5” | 155-190 cm
265-441 lb | 120-200 kg
15-22 years
Bluebuck
155.000
40.000
190.000
200.000
22.00
4150
3D
Bluebuck
40.2”-65” | 102-165 cm
13”-22” | 33-56 cm
51.2”-82.7” | 130-210 cm
121-342 lb | 55-155 kg
12-23 years
Bontebok
165.000
56.000
210.000
155.000
23.00
5350
3D
Bontebok
29.9”-39.4” | 76-100 cm
9.1”-11.4” | 23-29 cm
35.4”-47.2” | 90-120 cm
44-55 lb | 20-25 kg
12-15 years
Chinkara
100.000
29.000
120.000
25.000
15.00
20900
3D
Chinkara
24.8”-35.8” | 63-91 cm
6.3”-9.4” | 16-24 cm
31.5”-45.3” | 80-115 cm
33-55 lb | 15-25 kg
8-14 years
Common Duiker
91.000
24.000
115.000
25.000
14.00
1390
3D
Common Duiker
52.75”-81.9” | 134-208 cm
18.1”-26.4” | 46-67 cm
59”-90.6” | 150-230 cm
265-353 lb | 120-160 kg
10-15 years
Common Tsessebe
208.000
67.000
230.000
160.000
15.00
805
3D
Common Tsessebe
52”-60.6” | 132-154 cm
9.8”-11.4” | 25-29 cm
55.1”-65” | 140-165 cm
77-165 lb | 35-75 kg
12-19 years
Dama Gazelle
154.000
29.000
165.000
75.000
19.00
1750
3D
Dama Gazelle
28.7”-36.2” | 73-92 cm
7.1”-9.1” | 18-23 cm
35.4”-43.3” | 90-110 cm
31-44 lb | 14-20 kg
15-24 years
Dorcas Gazelle
92.000
23.000
110.000
20.000
24.00
3100
3D
Dorcas Gazelle
Gemsbok
33250
48.4”-64.6” | 123-164 cm
15.4”-19.3” | 39-49 cm
70.9”-94.5” | 180-240 cm
220-661 lb | 100-300 kg
18-24 years
Gemsbok
164.000
49.000
240.000
300.000
24.00
33250
3D
Gemsbok
Gerenuk
20250
52.4”-61.4” | 133-156 cm
10.6”-12.6” | 27-32 cm
55.1”-63” | 140-160 cm
66-110 lb | 30-50 kg
8-13 years
Gerenuk
156.000
32.000
160.000
50.000
13.00
20250
3D
Gerenuk
61.8”-89.4” | 157-227 cm
19.7”-27.6” | 50-70 cm
68.9”-98.4” | 175-250 cm
220-441 lb | 100-200 kg
11-20 years
Hartebeest
227.000
70.000
250.000
200.000
20.00
8700
3D
Hartebeest
Hirola
5250
39.4”-65.4” | 100-166 cm
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm
47.2”-80.7” | 120-205 cm
154-254 lb | 70-115 kg
10-15 years
Hirola
166.000
40.000
205.000
115.000
15.00
5250
3D
Hirola
Impala
28450
41.7”-55.5” | 106-141 cm
8.7”-11.8” | 22-30 cm
47.2”-63” | 120-160 cm
88-168 lb | 40-76 kg
10-25 years
Impala
141.000
30.000
160.000
76.000
25.00
28450
3D
Impala
25.6”-39.4” | 65-100 cm
8.7”-13” | 22-33 cm
29.5”-45.3” | 75-115 cm
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
12-18 years
Klipspringer
100.000
33.000
115.000
18.000
18.00
18080
3D
Klipspringer
Kob
49200
39.4”-57.9” | 100-147 cm
9.8”-14.6” | 25-37 cm
49.2”-70.9” | 125-180 cm
198-265 lb | 90-120 kg
17-22 years
Kob
147.000
37.000
180.000
120.000
22.00
49200
3D
Kob
Lechwe
4000
37.4”-51.2” | 95-130 cm
10.6”-15” | 27-38 cm
51.2”-70.9” | 130-180 cm
132-265 lb | 60-120 kg
15-25 years
Lechwe
130.000
38.000
180.000
120.000
25.00
4000
3D
Lechwe
33.5”-49.2” | 85-125 cm
9.8”-15.4” | 25-39 cm
39.4”-59” | 100-150 cm
44-86 lb | 20-39 kg
7-12 years
Mongolian Gazelle
125.000
39.000
150.000
39.000
12.00
1860
3D
Mongolian Gazelle
34.6”-46.5” | 88-118 cm
8.7”-11.4” | 22-29 cm
39.4”-53.5” | 100-136 cm
53-84 lb | 24-38 kg
10-15 years
Mountain Reedbuck
118.000
29.000
136.000
38.000
15.00
1330
3D
Mountain Reedbuck
Oribi
16070
31.5”-37” | 80-94 cm
8.3”-9.8” | 21-25 cm
36.2”-43.3” | 92-110 cm
26-49 lb | 12-22 kg
8-14 years
Oribi
94.000
25.000
110.000
22.000
14.00
16070
3D
Oribi
Puku
44020
41.7”-52.75” | 106-134 cm
11.8”-15” | 30-38 cm
49.6”-63” | 126-160 cm
132-170 lb | 60-77 kg
15-18 years
Puku
134.000
38.000
160.000
77.000
18.00
44020
3D
Puku
61.8”-77.6” | 157-197 cm
17.7”-24.8” | 45-63 cm
74.8”-94.5” | 190-240 cm
496-661 lb | 225-300 kg
17-26 years
Roan Antelope
197.000
63.000
240.000
300.000
26.00
5700
3D
Roan Antelope
59”-78” | 150-198 cm
19.7”-26” | 50-66 cm
74.8”-100.4” | 190-255 cm
485-529 lb | 220-240 kg
16-22 years
Sable Antelope
198.000
66.000
255.000
240.000
22.00
12200
3D
Sable Antelope
Saiga
35400
31.1”-41.3” | 79-105 cm
10.6”-14.2” | 27-36 cm
43.3”-57.5” | 110-146 cm
44-110 lb | 20-50 kg
6-12 years
Saiga
105.000
36.000
146.000
50.000
12.00
35400
3D
Saiga
44.1”-67.7” | 112-172 cm
14.2”-21.7” | 36-55 cm
59”-90.6” | 150-230 cm
198-463 lb | 90-210 kg
15-28 years
Scimitar Oryx
172.000
55.000
230.000
210.000
28.00
13200
3D
Scimitar Oryx
37”-46.1” | 94-117 cm
9.1”-11” | 23-28 cm
47.2”-59” | 120-150 cm
60-106 lb | 27-48 kg
7-19 years
Springbok
117.000
28.000
150.000
48.000
19.00
93350
3D
Springbok
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm
5.9”-7.9” | 15-20 cm
27.6”-37.4” | 70-95 cm
15.4-35 lb | 7-16 kg
7-12 years
Steenbok
80.000
20.000
95.000
16.000
12.00
25200
3D
Steenbok
Suni
27005
17.7”-20.9” | 45-53 cm
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
21.7”-25.6” | 55-65 cm
8.8-13.2 lb | 4-6 kg
9-14 years
Suni
53.000
16.000
65.000
6.000
14.00
27005
3D
Suni
57.1”-74” | 145-188 cm
15.75”-21.3” | 40-54 cm
70.9”-92.5” | 180-235 cm
353-573 lb | 160-260 kg
11-30 years
Waterbuck
188.000
54.000
235.000
260.000
30.00
15150
3D
Waterbuck
22.4”-25.2” | 57-64 cm
7.1”-7.9” | 18-20 cm
33.5”-35.4” | 85-90 cm
33-51 lb | 15-23 kg
11-13 years
Zebra Duiker
64.000
20.000
90.000
23.000
13.00
790
3D
Zebra Duiker
Blue Duiker (Philantomba monticola)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Blue Duiker to a typical person

The Blue Duiker (Philantomba monticola) is unique from most antelopes in that females are larger than males. Even so, it is the smallest in the duiker family and inhabits the rainforests, the dense thickest, and mountain forests of Central and Southern Africa. The coat can be brown or another color with a blue tint and white underside while the hide is short, with spiky horns. Both sexes may have horns, but this is more dominant in males. The blue duiker is diurnal and secretive, eating leaves and fallen fruits. Males and females form monogamous pairs. It has a short dark tail and sounds alarms by snorting, stamping, or whistling.

Blue Duikers have a standing shoulder height between 11.8”-16.1” (30-41 cm), overall body length from 21.7”-31.5” (55-80 cm), standing height of roughly 15”-22.8” (38-58 cm), and a body width of 5.5”-8.3” (14-21 cm). The weight of a Blue Duiker is between 8.8-20 lb (4-9 kg). Blue Duikers have a typical lifespan of 10-16 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Blue Duiker
The Blue Duiker (Philantomba monticola) is unique from most antelopes in that females are larger than males. Even so, it is the smallest in the duiker family and inhabits the rainforests, the dense thickest, and mountain forests of Central and Southern Africa.

Blue Duikers have a standing shoulder height between 11.8”-16.1” (30-41 cm), overall body length from 21.7”-31.5” (55-80 cm), standing height of roughly 15”-22.8” (38-58 cm), and a body width of 5.5”-8.3” (14-21 cm). The weight of a Blue Duiker is between 8.8-20 lb (4-9 kg). Blue Duikers have a typical lifespan of 10-16 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Blue Duiker
Blue Duiker (Philantomba monticola)
Height:
15”-22.8” | 38-58 cm
Width:
5.5”-8.3” | 14-21 cm
Length:
21.7”-31.5” | 55-80 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
11.8”-16.1” | 30-41 cm
Weight:
8.8-20 lb | 4-9 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Philantomba monticola
Lifespan
10-16 years

Drawings include:

Blue Duiker side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Impala (Aepyceros melampus)
Scale illustration of an average Impala compared to a human

Eastern and Southern Africa are the ideal places to find the Impala (Aepyceros melampus). This is in the savannas and woodlands, but these places should be near a water source. Male impalas are larger and grow slender, lyre-shaped horns. Otherwise, all have glossy, reddish brown coats. Impalas have a black streak on the upper part of the buttocks, a white underbelly, white rings around the eye, and a bushy tail. They are usually diurnal and browsers, and form or live in three distinct herds: female herds, bachelor herds, and territorial males. A common feature it is known for is its anti-predator strategy of leaping.

Impalas have a standing shoulder height between 27.6”-36.2” (70-92 cm), overall body length from 47.2”-63” (120-160 cm), standing height of roughly 41.7”-55.5” (106-141 cm), and a body width of 8.7”-11.8” (22-30 cm). The weight of a Impala is between 88-168 lb (40-76 kg). Impalas have a typical lifespan of 10-25 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of Impala in various poses
Eastern and Southern Africa are the ideal places to find the Impala (Aepyceros melampus). This is in the savannas and woodlands, but these places should be near a water source. Male impalas are larger and grow slender, lyre-shaped horns. Otherwise, all have glossy, reddish brown coats.

Impalas have a standing shoulder height between 27.6”-36.2” (70-92 cm), overall body length from 47.2”-63” (120-160 cm), standing height of roughly 41.7”-55.5” (106-141 cm), and a body width of 8.7”-11.8” (22-30 cm). The weight of a Impala is between 88-168 lb (40-76 kg). Impalas have a typical lifespan of 10-25 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of Impala in various poses
Impala (Aepyceros melampus)
Height:
41.7”-55.5” | 106-141 cm
Width:
8.7”-11.8” | 22-30 cm
Length:
47.2”-63” | 120-160 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
27.6”-36.2” | 70-92 cm
Weight:
88-168 lb | 40-76 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Aepyceros melampus
Lifespan
10-25 years

Drawings include:

Impala side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Arabian Gazelle (Gazella arabica)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Arabian Gazelle to a typical person

Illegal hunting and capture have immensely affected the population of the Arabian Gazelle (Gazella arabica). In the last centuries, you could easily encounter it in most countries in the Middle East. Now, it is a protected animal found only in the Arabian and Syrian deserts. It is also called the Mountain gazelle, preferring arid areas, gravel plains, coastal plains, and plateaus where it can find shrubs, grasses, and leaves to eat. Males and females have horns and coats that are dark brown with white underparts. Their black tail is short and bushy. The proportional head and hind legs make them agile and exceptional runners.

Arabian Gazelles have a standing shoulder height between 23.6”-35.4” (60-90 cm), overall body length from 31.5”-43.3” (80-110 cm), standing height of roughly 30.3”-41.3” (77-105 cm), and a body width of 7.5”-10.2” (19-26 cm). The weight of a Arabian Gazelle is between 35-66 lb (16-30 kg). Arabian Gazelles have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Arabian Gazelle
Illegal hunting and capture have immensely affected the population of the Arabian Gazelle (Gazella arabica). In the last centuries, you could easily encounter it in most countries in the Middle East. Now, it is a protected animal found only in the Arabian and Syrian deserts.

Arabian Gazelles have a standing shoulder height between 23.6”-35.4” (60-90 cm), overall body length from 31.5”-43.3” (80-110 cm), standing height of roughly 30.3”-41.3” (77-105 cm), and a body width of 7.5”-10.2” (19-26 cm). The weight of a Arabian Gazelle is between 35-66 lb (16-30 kg). Arabian Gazelles have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Arabian Gazelle
Arabian Gazelle (Gazella arabica)
Height:
30.3”-41.3” | 77-105 cm
Width:
7.5”-10.2” | 19-26 cm
Length:
31.5”-43.3” | 80-110 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
23.6”-35.4” | 60-90 cm
Weight:
35-66 lb | 16-30 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Gazella arabica
Lifespan
8-15 years

Drawings include:

Arabian Gazelle side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Common Tsessebe (Damaliscus lunatus lunatus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Common Tsessebe to a typical person

An important feature of the Common Tsessebe (Damaliscus lunatus lunatus) is that it is a fast runner. You can find it in South Africa, Angola, Namibia, and even Botswana. These are in open plains or woodland savannahs. Some communities call it sassaby. These animals are social, existing in bulls, females, and bachelor herds. Besides, they are territorial. The common tsessebe grazes on fresh grass and even leaves. Physically, it is large and possesses long, sturdy horns. The body coat is chestnut brown with white or purple markings on the belly. It has a black tail and grayish or blue-black thighs and limbs.

Common Tsessebes have a standing shoulder height between 40.2”-47.2” (102-120 cm), overall body length from 59”-90.6” (150-230 cm), standing height of roughly 52.75”-81.9” (134-208 cm), and a body width of 18.1”-26.4” (46-67 cm). The weight of a Common Tsessebe is between 265-353 lb (120-160 kg). Common Tsessebes have a typical lifespan of 10-15 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Common Tsessebe
An important feature of the Common Tsessebe (Damaliscus lunatus lunatus) is that it is a fast runner. You can find it in South Africa, Angola, Namibia, and even Botswana. These are in open plains or woodland savannahs. Some communities call it sassaby.

Common Tsessebes have a standing shoulder height between 40.2”-47.2” (102-120 cm), overall body length from 59”-90.6” (150-230 cm), standing height of roughly 52.75”-81.9” (134-208 cm), and a body width of 18.1”-26.4” (46-67 cm). The weight of a Common Tsessebe is between 265-353 lb (120-160 kg). Common Tsessebes have a typical lifespan of 10-15 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Common Tsessebe
Common Tsessebe (Damaliscus lunatus lunatus)
Height:
52.75”-81.9” | 134-208 cm
Width:
18.1”-26.4” | 46-67 cm
Length:
59”-90.6” | 150-230 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
40.2”-47.2” | 102-120 cm
Weight:
265-353 lb | 120-160 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Damaliscus lunatus lunatus
Lifespan
10-15 years

Drawings include:

Common Tsessebe side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus)
Scale illustration of an average Hartebeest compared to a human

The savannah and grasslands of Africa are where the Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) once colonized. Now, we can only see it in countries like Kenya, Tanzania, or even Botswana. It is also called kaama or kongoni. The hartebeest is easily identified by its weird horns and elongated forehead, supported by a short neck. The legs are long with black markings, and the short shiny coat can be sandy brown or chocolate brown. Males and females have horns. The good thing about these grazers is that they are non-aggressive. In addition, they form four different social groupings and only migrate or change location during extreme weather.

Hartebeests have a standing shoulder height between 47.2”-57.1” (120-145 cm), overall body length from 68.9”-98.4” (175-250 cm), standing height of roughly 61.8”-89.4” (157-227 cm), and a body width of 19.7”-27.6” (50-70 cm). The weight of a Hartebeest is between 220-441 lb (100-200 kg). Hartebeests have a typical lifespan of 11-20 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of Hartebeest in various poses
The savannah and grasslands of Africa are where the Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) once colonized. Now, we can only see it in countries like Kenya, Tanzania, or even Botswana. It is also called kaama or kongoni. The hartebeest is easily identified by its weird horns and elongated forehead.

Hartebeests have a standing shoulder height between 47.2”-57.1” (120-145 cm), overall body length from 68.9”-98.4” (175-250 cm), standing height of roughly 61.8”-89.4” (157-227 cm), and a body width of 19.7”-27.6” (50-70 cm). The weight of a Hartebeest is between 220-441 lb (100-200 kg). Hartebeests have a typical lifespan of 11-20 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of Hartebeest in various poses
Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus)
Height:
61.8”-89.4” | 157-227 cm
Width:
19.7”-27.6” | 50-70 cm
Length:
68.9”-98.4” | 175-250 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
47.2”-57.1” | 120-145 cm
Weight:
220-441 lb | 100-200 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Alcelaphus buselaphus
Lifespan
11-20 years

Drawings include:

Hartebeest side elevation, front, back, lying down

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