Bovids | Bovidae

Bovids are one of the largest existing families; there are currently more than 140 species alive and 300 extinct. Bovidae consist of cattle, antelopes, gazelles, goats, and sheep. The existence of the Bovidae family has been essential to human prosperity due to their widespread domestication and use as products, such as, milk, leather, meat and more. Usually both males and females of this family have horns, however, there is sexual dimorphism typically displayed with male Bovidae being larger than females. Members of the Bovidae family usually have multiple partners and will mate at least once, sometimes twice, a year.

Why do male bovids have horns?

In most species of bovid males, horns play an important role. Horns are used by males to engage in male-male competitions or to show-off and impress females. Bovid horns vary in shape and size – some are straight, curved or spiral. Horns are sharp and can be used as a defense mechanism against predators. Unfortunately, many bovids are hunted for their horns.

How many bovids are there?

There are about 143 species in the Bovidae family. The bovids are the largest family of hoofed mammals. Antelopes, sheep, goats, cattle, buffalo, and bison are all part of the Bovidae family. Other species of bovids include impala, gazelles, and muskoxen. There are 300 known extinct species.

How many toes do bovids have?

All bovids have 4 toes on each foot. They walk on the 2 central toes which are the hooves, and the 2 outer toes which are dewclaws are smaller and rarely touch the ground. Standing on their toes increases the bovids speed while running and jumping, and lets them hold their head higher to better look out for predators.

Bovids Guides
Browse through our curated Bovids Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Bovids. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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Addax
329400
35.4”-39.4” | 90-100 cm
12.6”-14.2” | 32-36 cm
45.3”-51.2” | 115-130 cm
132-298 lb | 60-135 kg
19-25 years
Addax
100.000
36.000
130.000
135.000
25.00
329400
GUIDE
3D
Addax
36.6”-45.7” | 93-116 cm
11.4”-14.2” | 29-36 cm
43.3”-53.1” | 110-135 cm
55-132 lb | 25-60 kg
14-22 years
Alpine Chamois
116.000
36.000
135.000
60.000
22.00
1350
GUIDE
3D
Alpine Chamois
36.2”-52” | 92-132 cm
13”-18.1” | 33-46 cm
47.2”-66.9” | 120-170 cm
88-265 lb | 40-120 kg
10-21 years
Alpine Ibex
132.000
46.000
170.000
120.000
21.00
9600
GUIDE
3D
Alpine Ibex
63.8”-84.3” | 162-214 cm
30.7”-40.6” | 78-103 cm
86”-114” | 218-290 cm
900-2000 lb | 410-910 kg
12-20 years (wild); 20-40 years (captivity)
American Bison
214.000
103.000
290.000
910.000
40.00
36600
GUIDE
3D
American Bison
93.7”-100.8” | 238-256 cm
46.9”-51.2” | 119-130 cm
113”-123” | 286-312 cm
3300-3500 lb | 1500-1590 kg
14-16 years
Ancient Bison
256.000
130.000
312.000
1590.000
16.00
1750
GUIDE
3D
Ancient Bison
30.3”-41.3” | 77-105 cm
7.5”-10.2” | 19-26 cm
31.5”-43.3” | 80-110 cm
35-66 lb | 16-30 kg
8-15 years
Arabian Gazelle
105.000
26.000
110.000
30.000
15.00
2900
GUIDE
3D
Arabian Gazelle
43.3”-66.9” | 110-170 cm
13.4”-21.3” | 34-54 cm
59”-92.5” | 150-235 cm
143-165 lb | 65-75 kg
15-21 years
Arabian Oryx
170.000
54.000
235.000
75.000
21.00
15450
GUIDE
3D
Arabian Oryx
Argali
12300
49.6”-72.8” | 126-185 cm
16.1”-22.4” | 41-57 cm
53.1”-78.7” | 135-200 cm
132-408 lb | 60-185 kg
7-13 years (wild); 10-17 years (captivity)
Argali
185.000
57.000
200.000
185.000
17.00
12300
GUIDE
3D
Argali
Auroch
32800
61.4”-74” | 156-188 cm
24.8”-28.7” | 63-73 cm
105”-128” | 267-325 cm
1550-3300 lb | 700-1500 kg
25-30 years
Auroch
188.000
73.000
325.000
1500.000
30.00
32800
GUIDE
3D
Auroch
Banteng
44700
55.5”-74” | 141-188 cm
22.8”-30.7” | 58-78 cm
89”-118” | 226-299 cm
1300-1764 lb | 590-800 kg
16-20 years (wild); 20-27 years (captivity)
Banteng
188.000
78.000
299.000
800.000
27.00
44700
GUIDE
3D
Banteng
36.2”-46.1” | 92-117 cm
11.8”-15.75” | 30-40 cm
51.2”-65” | 130-165 cm
88-309 lb | 40-140 kg
10-20 years
Barbary Sheep
117.000
40.000
165.000
140.000
20.00
5600
GUIDE
3D
Barbary Sheep
Beira
16040
27.6”-35.4” | 70-90 cm
7.1”-9.1” | 18-23 cm
31.5”-39.4” | 80-100 cm
20-31 lb | 9-14 kg
10-14 years
Beira
90.000
23.000
100.000
14.000
14.00
16040
GUIDE
3D
Beira
Bharal
7050
42.1”-60.2” | 107-153 cm
11.4”-18.1” | 29-46 cm
45.3”-65” | 115-165 cm
77-165 lb | 35-75 kg
12-21 years
Bharal
153.000
46.000
165.000
75.000
21.00
7050
GUIDE
3D
Bharal
46.5”-65.4” | 118-166 cm
13.8”-19.3” | 35-49 cm
51.2”-72.8” | 130-185 cm
110-315 lb | 50-143 kg
10-21 years
Bighorn Sheep
166.000
49.000
185.000
143.000
21.00
35700
GUIDE
3D
Bighorn Sheep
57.1”-61” | 145-155 cm
22.4”-24.4” | 57-62 cm
86”-94” | 218-238 cm
1150-2300 lb | 520-1045 kg (Total)
2-3 years (productive); 10-15 years (natural)
Black Angus Cattle
155.000
62.000
238.000
1045.000
15.00
1900
GUIDE
3D
Black Angus Cattle
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
17.3”-22” | 44-56 cm
66.9”-86.6” | 170-220 cm
243-375 lb | 110-170 kg
15-22 years
Black Wildebeest
180.000
56.000
220.000
170.000
22.00
5100
GUIDE
3D
Black Wildebeest
34.6”-44.9” | 88-114 cm
9.4”-12.2” | 24-31 cm
39.4”-51.2” | 100-130 cm
68-126 lb | 31-57 kg
10-24 years
Blackbuck
114.000
31.000
130.000
57.000
24.00
58200
GUIDE
3D
Blackbuck
15”-22.8” | 38-58 cm
5.5”-8.3” | 14-21 cm
21.7”-31.5” | 55-80 cm
8.8-20 lb | 4-9 kg
10-16 years
Blue Duiker
58.000
21.000
80.000
9.000
16.00
2560
GUIDE
3D
Blue Duiker
49.2”-76.8” | 125-195 cm
15.75”-26.4” | 40-67 cm
59”-94.5” | 150-240 cm
265-639 lb | 120-290 kg
15-24 years
Blue Wildebeest
195.000
67.000
240.000
290.000
24.00
9800
GUIDE
3D
Blue Wildebeest
50”-61” | 127-155 cm
13.4”-15.75” | 34-40 cm
61”-94.5” | 155-190 cm
265-441 lb | 120-200 kg
15-22 years
Bluebuck
155.000
40.000
190.000
200.000
22.00
4150
GUIDE
3D
Bluebuck
Bongo
11250
53.9”-63.4” | 137-161 cm
18.1”-22” | 46-56 cm
66”-77” | 167-196 cm
330-904 lb | 150-410 kg
8-12 years (wild); 18-21 years (captivity)
Bongo
161.000
56.000
196.000
410.000
21.00
11250
GUIDE
3D
Bongo
40.2”-65” | 102-165 cm
13”-22” | 33-56 cm
51.2”-82.7” | 130-210 cm
121-342 lb | 55-155 kg
12-23 years
Bontebok
165.000
56.000
210.000
155.000
23.00
5350
GUIDE
3D
Bontebok
60.2”-73.6” | 153-187 cm
32.7”-38.6” | 83-98 cm
96”-118” | 245-300 cm
1213-1918 lb | 550-870 kg
20-23 years (wild); 23-29 years (captivity)
Cape Buffalo
187.000
98.000
300.000
870.000
29.00
25600
GUIDE
3D
Cape Buffalo
56.3”-61.4” | 143-156 cm
22.8”-25.2” | 58-64 cm
91”-100” | 230-253 cm
1250-2500 lb | 565-1135 kg (Total)
4-6 years (productive); 15-40 years (natural)
Charolais Cattle
156.000
64.000
253.000
1135.000
40.00
17000
GUIDE
3D
Charolais Cattle
26.8”-36.2” | 68-92 cm
10.2”-14.2” | 26-36 cm
35.4”-47.2” | 90-120 cm
49-93 lb | 22-42 kg
10-22 years
Chinese Goral
92.000
36.000
120.000
42.000
22.00
155
GUIDE
3D
Chinese Goral
29.9”-39.4” | 76-100 cm
9.1”-11.4” | 23-29 cm
35.4”-47.2” | 90-120 cm
44-55 lb | 20-25 kg
12-15 years
Chinkara
100.000
29.000
120.000
25.000
15.00
20900
GUIDE
3D
Chinkara
24.8”-35.8” | 63-91 cm
6.3”-9.4” | 16-24 cm
31.5”-45.3” | 80-115 cm
33-55 lb | 15-25 kg
8-14 years
Common Duiker
91.000
24.000
115.000
25.000
14.00
1390
GUIDE
3D
Common Duiker
55.9”-71.7” | 142-182 cm
19.7”-25.2” | 50-64 cm
83”-106” | 212-269 cm
661-2072 lb | 300-940 kg
15-20 years (wild); up to 25 years (captivity)
Common Eland
182.000
64.000
269.000
940.000
25.00
5700
GUIDE
3D
Common Eland
52.75”-81.9” | 134-208 cm
18.1”-26.4” | 46-67 cm
59”-90.6” | 150-230 cm
265-353 lb | 120-160 kg
10-15 years
Common Tsessebe
208.000
67.000
230.000
160.000
15.00
805
GUIDE
3D
Common Tsessebe
44.1”-61” | 112-155 cm
16.1”-23.2” | 41-59 cm
51.2”-70.9” | 130-180 cm
123-220 lb | 56-100 kg
14-19 years
Dall Sheep
155.000
59.000
180.000
100.000
19.00
14090
GUIDE
3D
Dall Sheep
52”-60.6” | 132-154 cm
9.8”-11.4” | 25-29 cm
55.1”-65” | 140-165 cm
77-165 lb | 35-75 kg
12-19 years
Dama Gazelle
154.000
29.000
165.000
75.000
19.00
1750
GUIDE
3D
Dama Gazelle
20.1”-29.1” | 51-74 cm
5.5”-8.3” | 14-21 cm
26.8”-39.4” | 68-100 cm
121-220 lb | 55-100 kg
12-18 years
Domestic Goat
74.000
21.000
100.000
100.000
18.00
3200
GUIDE
3D
Domestic Goat
37”-54.3” | 94-138 cm
17.3”-26” | 44-66 cm
47.2”-70.9” | 120-180 cm
99-287 lb | 45-130 kg
10-12 years (captivity)
Domestic Sheep
138.000
66.000
180.000
130.000
12.00
4400
GUIDE
3D
Domestic Sheep
48”-62.6” | 122-159 cm
26.8”-34.25” | 68-87 cm
84”-109” | 214-276 cm
496-1290 lb | 225-585 kg
20-25 years (wild); 25-28 years (captivity)
Domestic Yak
159.000
87.000
276.000
585.000
28.00
1500
GUIDE
3D
Domestic Yak
28.7”-36.2” | 73-92 cm
7.1”-9.1” | 18-23 cm
35.4”-43.3” | 90-110 cm
31-44 lb | 14-20 kg
15-24 years
Dorcas Gazelle
92.000
23.000
110.000
20.000
24.00
3100
GUIDE
3D
Dorcas Gazelle
75.2”-81.5” | 191-207 cm
33.1”-35” | 84-89 cm
98”-107” | 250-271 cm
661-2028 lb | 300-920 kg
18-24 years (wild); 25-30 years (captivity)
European Bison
207.000
89.000
271.000
920.000
30.00
14500
GUIDE
3D
European Bison
28.7”-33.1” | 73-84 cm
7.5”-8.7” | 19-22 cm
30.7”-34.6” | 78-88 cm
37-49 lb | 17-22 kg
8-10 years (wild); up to 17 years (captivity)
Four-Horned Antelope
84.000
22.000
88.000
22.000
17.00
3670
GUIDE
3D
Four-Horned Antelope
Gaur
125800
76.8”-98.4” | 195-250 cm
32.7”-41.7” | 83-106 cm
120”-152” | 305-386 cm
1323-3307 lb | 600-1500 kg
20-26 years
Gaur
250.000
106.000
386.000
1500.000
26.00
125800
GUIDE
3D
Gaur
Gemsbok
33250
48.4”-64.6” | 123-164 cm
15.4”-19.3” | 39-49 cm
70.9”-94.5” | 180-240 cm
220-661 lb | 100-300 kg
18-24 years
Gemsbok
164.000
49.000
240.000
300.000
24.00
33250
GUIDE
3D
Gemsbok
Gerenuk
20250
52.4”-61.4” | 133-156 cm
10.6”-12.6” | 27-32 cm
55.1”-63” | 140-160 cm
66-110 lb | 30-50 kg
8-13 years
Gerenuk
156.000
32.000
160.000
50.000
13.00
20250
GUIDE
3D
Gerenuk
69.7”-83.1” | 177-211 cm
20.1”-24” | 51-61 cm
88”-106” | 224-269 cm
661-2645 lb | 300-1200 kg
15-20 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
Giant Eland
211.000
61.000
269.000
1200.000
25.00
3200
GUIDE
3D
Giant Eland
48”-71.7” | 122-182 cm
12.6”-19.7” | 32-50 cm
54”-81” | 138-206 cm
265-595 lb | 120-270 kg
7-10 years (wild); 15-23 years (captivity)
Greater Kudu
182.000
50.000
206.000
270.000
23.00
11800
GUIDE
3D
Greater Kudu
61.8”-89.4” | 157-227 cm
19.7”-27.6” | 50-70 cm
68.9”-98.4” | 175-250 cm
220-441 lb | 100-200 kg
11-20 years
Hartebeest
227.000
70.000
250.000
200.000
20.00
8700
GUIDE
3D
Hartebeest
60.2”-64.6” | 153-164 cm
25.2”-27.6” | 64-70 cm
93”-100” | 236-255 cm
1200-2300 lb | 545-1045 kg (Total)
1-2 years (productive); 12-20 years (natural)
Hereford Cattle
164.000
70.000
255.000
1045.000
20.00
25000
GUIDE
3D
Hereford Cattle
37.4”-48.8” | 95-124 cm
19.3”-25.2” | 49-64 cm
62”-81” | 157-206 cm
900-2000 lb | 410-910 kg (Total)
1-3 years (productive); 15-22 years (natural)
Highland Cattle
124.000
64.000
206.000
910.000
22.00
48000
GUIDE
3D
Highland Cattle
48.8”-63.8” | 124-162 cm
13.4”-17.3” | 34-44 cm
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
187-309 lb | 85-140 kg
19-22 years
Himalayan Serow
162.000
44.000
180.000
140.000
22.00
4920
GUIDE
3D
Himalayan Serow
28.3”-44.9” | 72-114 cm
12.2”-18.9” | 31-48 cm
35.4”-55.1” | 90-140 cm
121-198 lb | 55-90 kg
12-22 years
Himalayan Tahr
114.000
48.000
140.000
90.000
22.00
6550
GUIDE
3D
Himalayan Tahr
Hirola
5250
39.4”-65.4” | 100-166 cm
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm
47.2”-80.7” | 120-205 cm
154-254 lb | 70-115 kg
10-15 years
Hirola
166.000
40.000
205.000
115.000
15.00
5250
GUIDE
3D
Hirola
62.2”-67.3” | 158-171 cm
23.6”-25.6” | 60-65 cm
93”-98” | 235-250 cm
1200-1700 lb | 545-770 kg
4-6 years (productive); 15-20 years (natural)
Holstein Friesian Cattle
171.000
65.000
250.000
770.000
20.00
28000
GUIDE
3D
Holstein Friesian Cattle
35.4”-50.4” | 90-128 cm
11.4”-17.7” | 29-45 cm
47.2”-66.9” | 120-170 cm
77-176 lb | 35-80 kg
12-20 years
Iberian Ibex
128.000
45.000
170.000
80.000
20.00
2500
GUIDE
3D
Iberian Ibex
Impala
28450
41.7”-55.5” | 106-141 cm
8.7”-11.8” | 22-30 cm
47.2”-63” | 120-160 cm
88-168 lb | 40-76 kg
10-25 years
Impala
141.000
30.000
160.000
76.000
25.00
28450
GUIDE
3D
Impala
25.6”-41.3” | 65-105 cm
10.2”-17.7” | 26-45 cm
31.5”-51.2” | 80-130 cm
66-99 lb | 30-45 kg
20-25 years
Japanese Serow
105.000
45.000
130.000
45.000
25.00
2800
GUIDE
3D
Japanese Serow
25.6”-39.4” | 65-100 cm
8.7”-13” | 22-33 cm
29.5”-45.3” | 75-115 cm
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
12-18 years
Klipspringer
100.000
33.000
115.000
18.000
18.00
18080
GUIDE
3D
Klipspringer
Kob
49200
39.4”-57.9” | 100-147 cm
9.8”-14.6” | 25-37 cm
49.2”-70.9” | 125-180 cm
198-265 lb | 90-120 kg
17-22 years
Kob
147.000
37.000
180.000
120.000
22.00
49200
GUIDE
3D
Kob
Lechwe
4000
37.4”-51.2” | 95-130 cm
10.6”-15” | 27-38 cm
51.2”-70.9” | 130-180 cm
132-265 lb | 60-120 kg
15-25 years
Lechwe
130.000
38.000
180.000
120.000
25.00
4000
GUIDE
3D
Lechwe
47.6”-58.3” | 121-148 cm
12.6”-15.75” | 32-40 cm
49”-61” | 125-154 cm
198-342 lb | 90-155 kg
7-15 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Lesser Kudu
148.000
40.000
154.000
155.000
20.00
4750
GUIDE
3D
Lesser Kudu
Markhor
68900
44.9”-65” | 114-165 cm
15.4”-20.9” | 39-53 cm
52”-73.2” | 132-186 cm
77-243 lb | 35-110 kg
12-13 years
Markhor
165.000
53.000
186.000
110.000
13.00
68900
GUIDE
3D
Markhor
33.5”-49.2” | 85-125 cm
9.8”-15.4” | 25-39 cm
39.4”-59” | 100-150 cm
44-86 lb | 20-39 kg
7-12 years
Mongolian Gazelle
125.000
39.000
150.000
39.000
12.00
1860
GUIDE
3D
Mongolian Gazelle
Mouflon
27070
38.6”-52” | 98-132 cm
12.6”-16.5” | 32-42 cm
43.3”-57.1” | 110-145 cm
55-121 lb | 25-55 kg
8-12 years (wild); 18-23 years (captivity)
Mouflon
132.000
42.000
145.000
55.000
23.00
27070
GUIDE
3D
Mouflon
39”-50” | 99-127 cm
16.5”-20.9” | 42-53 cm
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
132-265 lb | 60-120 kg
10-21 years
Mountain Goat
127.000
53.000
180.000
120.000
21.00
87350
GUIDE
3D
Mountain Goat
34.6”-46.5” | 88-118 cm
8.7”-11.4” | 22-29 cm
39.4”-53.5” | 100-136 cm
53-84 lb | 24-38 kg
10-15 years
Mountain Reedbuck
118.000
29.000
136.000
38.000
15.00
1330
GUIDE
3D
Mountain Reedbuck
Muskox
36450
52.4”-64.2” | 133-163 cm
25.2”-33.5” | 64-85 cm
74.8”-96.5” | 190-245 cm
397-838 lb | 180-380 kg
12-22 years
Muskox
163.000
85.000
245.000
380.000
22.00
36450
GUIDE
3D
Muskox
Nilgai
119150
57.9”-72.4” | 147-184 cm
17.3”-22.4” | 44-57 cm
68”-85” | 172-217 cm
220-639 lb | 100-290 kg
12-13 years (wild); 20-22 years (captivity)
Nilgai
184.000
57.000
217.000
290.000
22.00
119150
GUIDE
3D
Nilgai
26.4”-40.9” | 67-104 cm
9.4”-14.6” | 24-37 cm
35.4”-55.1” | 90-140 cm
110-220 lb | 50-100 kg
9-17 years
Nilgiri Tahr
104.000
37.000
140.000
100.000
17.00
19030
GUIDE
3D
Nilgiri Tahr
Nyala
31250
42.9”-57.5” | 109-146 cm
13”-17.7” | 33-45 cm
53”-70” | 134-178 cm
121-275 lb | 55-125 kg
11-16 years (wild); 15-19 years (captivity)
Nyala
146.000
45.000
178.000
125.000
19.00
31250
GUIDE
3D
Nyala
Oribi
16070
31.5”-37” | 80-94 cm
8.3”-9.8” | 21-25 cm
36.2”-43.3” | 92-110 cm
26-49 lb | 12-22 kg
8-14 years
Oribi
94.000
25.000
110.000
22.000
14.00
16070
GUIDE
3D
Oribi
Puku
44020
41.7”-52.75” | 106-134 cm
11.8”-15” | 30-38 cm
49.6”-63” | 126-160 cm
132-170 lb | 60-77 kg
15-18 years
Puku
134.000
38.000
160.000
77.000
18.00
44020
GUIDE
3D
Puku
61”-64.6” | 155-164 cm
21.3”-22.4” | 54-57 cm
82”-87” | 208-220 cm
1100-1800 lb | 500-815 kg (Total)
1-2 years (productive); 10-15 years (natural)
Red Angus Cattle
164.000
57.000
220.000
815.000
15.00
1800
GUIDE
3D
Red Angus Cattle
61.8”-77.6” | 157-197 cm
17.7”-24.8” | 45-63 cm
74.8”-94.5” | 190-240 cm
496-661 lb | 225-300 kg
17-26 years
Roan Antelope
197.000
63.000
240.000
300.000
26.00
5700
GUIDE
3D
Roan Antelope
59”-78” | 150-198 cm
19.7”-26” | 50-66 cm
74.8”-100.4” | 190-255 cm
485-529 lb | 220-240 kg
16-22 years
Sable Antelope
198.000
66.000
255.000
240.000
22.00
12200
GUIDE
3D
Sable Antelope
Saiga
35400
31.1”-41.3” | 79-105 cm
10.6”-14.2” | 27-36 cm
43.3”-57.5” | 110-146 cm
44-110 lb | 20-50 kg
6-12 years
Saiga
105.000
36.000
146.000
50.000
12.00
35400
GUIDE
3D
Saiga
Saola
45600
40.2”-45.7” | 102-116 cm
11”-13” | 28-33 cm
46”-52.75” | 117-134 cm
175-220 lb | 80-100 kg
8-11 years (wild); 12-15 years (captivity)
Saola
116.000
33.000
134.000
100.000
15.00
45600
GUIDE
3D
Saola
44.1”-67.7” | 112-172 cm
14.2”-21.7” | 36-55 cm
59”-90.6” | 150-230 cm
198-463 lb | 90-210 kg
15-28 years
Scimitar Oryx
172.000
55.000
230.000
210.000
28.00
13200
GUIDE
3D
Scimitar Oryx
59”-70” | 150-178 cm
22”-25.6” | 56-65 cm
83”-98” | 212-250 cm
1545-2865 lb | 700-1300 kg (Total)
1-1.5 years (productive); 15-20 years (natural)
Simmental Cattle
178.000
65.000
250.000
1300.000
20.00
19000
GUIDE
3D
Simmental Cattle
32.7”-53.5” | 83-136 cm
9.4”-15” | 24-38 cm
42”-67” | 106-170 cm
88-275 lb | 40-125 kg
10-15 years (wild); 17-22 years (captivity)
Sitatunga
136.000
38.000
170.000
125.000
22.00
7160
GUIDE
3D
Sitatunga
38.6”-55.5” | 98-141 cm
14.2”-20.9” | 36-53 cm
49.2”-70.9” | 125-180 cm
73-231 lb | 33-105 kg
9-24 years
Snow Sheep
141.000
53.000
180.000
105.000
24.00
1000
GUIDE
3D
Snow Sheep
37”-46.1” | 94-117 cm
9.1”-11” | 23-28 cm
47.2”-59” | 120-150 cm
60-106 lb | 27-48 kg
7-19 years
Springbok
117.000
28.000
150.000
48.000
19.00
93350
GUIDE
3D
Springbok
23.6”-31.5” | 60-80 cm
5.9”-7.9” | 15-20 cm
27.6”-37.4” | 70-95 cm
15.4-35 lb | 7-16 kg
7-12 years
Steenbok
80.000
20.000
95.000
16.000
12.00
25200
GUIDE
3D
Steenbok
Suni
27005
17.7”-20.9” | 45-53 cm
5.1”-6.3” | 13-16 cm
21.7”-25.6” | 55-65 cm
8.8-13.2 lb | 4-6 kg
9-14 years
Suni
53.000
16.000
65.000
6.000
14.00
27005
GUIDE
3D
Suni
Takin
31250
44.1”-57.1” | 112-145 cm
16.5”-22” | 42-56 cm
66.9”-86.6” | 170-220 cm
529-772 lb | 240-350 kg
12-22 years
Takin
145.000
56.000
220.000
350.000
22.00
31250
GUIDE
3D
Takin
Tamaraw
25100
41.3”-51.2” | 105-130 cm
20.1”-24.4” | 51-62 cm
72”-87” | 183-222 cm
400-660 lb | 180-300 kg
20-25 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
Tamaraw
130.000
62.000
222.000
300.000
25.00
25100
GUIDE
3D
Tamaraw
52.8”-66.1” | 134-168 cm
19.3”-24.4” | 49-62 cm
82”-104” | 209-264 cm
600-2500 lb | 270-1135 kg (Total)
1-5 years (productive); 20-30 years (natural)
Texas Longhorn Cattle
168.000
62.000
264.000
1135.000
30.00
3100
GUIDE
3D
Texas Longhorn Cattle
37.4”-41.3” | 95-105 cm
12.6”-14.2” | 32-36 cm
47.2”-51.2” | 120-130 cm
55-86 lb | 25-39 kg
8-10 years
Tibetan Antelope
105.000
36.000
130.000
39.000
10.00
5950
GUIDE
3D
Tibetan Antelope
Urial
12200
42.1”-56.7” | 107-144 cm
13”-17.7” | 33-45 cm
47.2”-63” | 120-160 cm
110-198 lb | 50-90 kg
8-20 years
Urial
144.000
45.000
160.000
90.000
20.00
12200
GUIDE
3D
Urial
48.4”-55.5” | 123-141 cm
22.4”-27.6” | 57-70 cm
80”-91” | 203-232 cm
1320-2645 lb | 600-1200 kg
20-25 years
Water Buffalo
141.000
70.000
232.000
1200.000
25.00
112700
GUIDE
3D
Water Buffalo
57.1”-74” | 145-188 cm
15.75”-21.3” | 40-54 cm
70.9”-92.5” | 180-235 cm
353-573 lb | 160-260 kg
11-30 years
Waterbuck
188.000
54.000
235.000
260.000
30.00
15150
GUIDE
3D
Waterbuck
35.4”-47.6” | 90-121 cm
10.6”-15.4” | 27-39 cm
47.2”-65” | 120-165 cm
121-220 lb | 55-100 kg
10-19 years
West Caucasian Tur
121.000
39.000
165.000
100.000
19.00
700
GUIDE
3D
West Caucasian Tur
68.1”-87.4” | 173-222 cm
29.5”-38.6” | 75-98 cm
115”-149” | 292-378 cm
1102-2645 lb | 500-1200 kg
20-25 years (wild); 25-28 years (captivity)
Wild Yak
222.000
98.000
378.000
1200.000
28.00
10600
GUIDE
3D
Wild Yak
22.4”-25.2” | 57-64 cm
7.1”-7.9” | 18-20 cm
33.5”-35.4” | 85-90 cm
33-51 lb | 15-23 kg
11-13 years
Zebra Duiker
64.000
20.000
90.000
23.000
13.00
790
GUIDE
3D
Zebra Duiker
Zebu
91150
48.8”-62.2” | 124-158 cm
22.4”-28” | 57-71 cm
71”-89” | 180-226 cm
330-600 lb | 150-270 kg
18-21 years
Zebu
158.000
71.000
226.000
270.000
21.00
91150
GUIDE
3D
Zebu
Simmental Cattle
Scale illustration of an average Simmental Cattle compared to a human

The Simmental is a two-purpose cattle, they are raised for both milk and meat consumption. The Simmental or commonly referred to as ”Swiss Fleckvieh” received its name from the valley of the Simme River in Switzerland where they originated from. Simmental colors range from gold, red, and white. Simmentals can commonly be distinguished by their white patchy backs, white heads, and sometimes white shoulder bands. The Simmental has spread to all six continents since its origin in Switzerland and records show that 40 to 60 million Simmentals range across the globe, yet the majority of them are in Europe.

Simmental Cattle have a shoulder height between 53.1”-63” (135-160 cm), body length from 83”-98” (212-250 cm), standing height of roughly 59”-70” (150-178 cm), and a body width of 22”-25.6” (56-65 cm). Weights of Simmental Cattle vary between males and females with males weighing between 2315-2865 lb (1050-1300 kg) and females from 1545-1985 lb (700-900 kg). Simmental Cattle have a typical productive lifespan of 1-1.5 years and natural lifespan of 15-20 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of Simmental Cattle in various standing poses
The Simmental is a two-purpose cattle, they are raised for both milk and meat consumption. The Simmental or commonly referred to as ”Swiss Fleckvieh” received its name from the valley of the Simme River in Switzerland where they originated from. Simmental colors range from gold, red, and white.

Simmental Cattle have a shoulder height between 53.1”-63” (135-160 cm), body length from 83”-98” (212-250 cm), standing height of roughly 59”-70” (150-178 cm), and a body width of 22”-25.6” (56-65 cm). Weights of Simmental Cattle vary between males and females with males weighing between 2315-2865 lb (1050-1300 kg) and females from 1545-1985 lb (700-900 kg). Simmental Cattle have a typical productive lifespan of 1-1.5 years and natural lifespan of 15-20 years.

Collection of scaled drawings of Simmental Cattle in various standing poses
Simmental Cattle
Height:
59”-70” | 150-178 cm
Width:
22”-25.6” | 56-65 cm
Length:
83”-98” | 212-250 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
53.1”-63” | 135-160 cm
Weight:
1545-2865 lb | 700-1300 kg (Total)
Area:

Weight (Male): 2315-2865 lb | 1050-1300 kg

Weight (Female): 1545-1985 lb | 700-900 kg

Scientific Name
Bos taurus primigenius
Lifespan
1-1.5 years (productive); 15-20 years (natural)

Drawings include:

Simmental Cattle side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Himalayan Serow (Capricornis thar)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Himalayan Serow compared to an average person

The Himalayan Serow (Capricornis thar) is native to the Himalayan ecosystem. This is in the tropical rainforest, deciduous rainforest, and temperate forests. The most prominent feature of this animal is the body covered in three distinct colors. The back is black, the hindquarters and upper legs are rusty red, and the lower parts of the legs are white. The underparts and inner thighs can be lighter or creamy. It has a black tail and a long mane that is white and black. The ears are donkey-like and males have larger horns than females. It is primarily a browser.

Himalayan Serows have a standing shoulder height between 35.4”-39.4” (90-100 cm), overall body length from 55.1”-70.9” (140-180 cm), standing height of roughly 48.8”-63.8” (124-162 cm), and a body width of 13.4”-17.3” (34-44 cm). The weight of a Himalayan Serow is between 187-309 lb (85-140 kg). Himalayan Serows have a typical lifespan of 19-22 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Himalayan Serow
The Himalayan Serow (Capricornis thar) is native to the Himalayan ecosystem. This is in the tropical rainforest, deciduous rainforest, and temperate forests. The most prominent feature of this animal is the body covered in three distinct colors.

Himalayan Serows have a standing shoulder height between 35.4”-39.4” (90-100 cm), overall body length from 55.1”-70.9” (140-180 cm), standing height of roughly 48.8”-63.8” (124-162 cm), and a body width of 13.4”-17.3” (34-44 cm). The weight of a Himalayan Serow is between 187-309 lb (85-140 kg). Himalayan Serows have a typical lifespan of 19-22 years.

Set of standing side and front elevation drawings of the Himalayan Serow
Himalayan Serow (Capricornis thar)
Height:
48.8”-63.8” | 124-162 cm
Width:
13.4”-17.3” | 34-44 cm
Length:
55.1”-70.9” | 140-180 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
35.4”-39.4” | 90-100 cm
Weight:
187-309 lb | 85-140 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Capricornis thar
Lifespan
19-22 years

Drawings include:

Himalayan Serow side elevation, front, lying down

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Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Common Eland to a typical person

The Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx) or commonly referred to as Cape Eland is native to Eastern and Southern Africa. The Common Eland explores different environments from mountains, plains, sub deserts, and forests. The Common Eland remains the largest antelope in the family and male Elands show it with their bulky figure vs the slimmer female Elands. The Common Eland has an orange to yellowish coat with large white streaks across the torse. They also have dark markings on their lips, neck, and tail. The horns are straight with one or two screw-like spirals; the horns are typically broader and narrower in the females.

Common Elands have a shoulder height between 51.2”-66.9” (130-170 cm), body length from 83”-106” (212-269 cm), standing height of roughly 55.9”-71.7” (142-182 cm), and a body width of 19.7”-25.2” (50-64 cm). The horns of a Common Eland are between 17”-27” (43.2-68.6 cm). Weights of Common Eland vary between males and females with males weighing between 882-2072 lb (400-940 kg) and females from 661-1323 lb (300-600 kg). Common Elands have a typical lifespan of 15-20 years in the wild and up to 25 years in captivity.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Common Eland
The Common Eland (T. oryx) or commonly referred to as Cape Eland is native to Eastern and Southern Africa. The Common Eland explores different environments from mountains, plains, sub deserts, and forests. The Common Eland remains the largest antelope in the family and male Elands show it.

Common Elands have a shoulder height between 51.2”-66.9” (130-170 cm), body length from 83”-106” (212-269 cm), standing height of roughly 55.9”-71.7” (142-182 cm), and a body width of 19.7”-25.2” (50-64 cm). The horns of a Common Eland are between 17”-27” (43.2-68.6 cm). Weights of Common Eland vary between males and females with males weighing between 882-2072 lb (400-940 kg) and females from 661-1323 lb (300-600 kg). Common Elands have a typical lifespan of 15-20 years in the wild and up to 25 years in captivity.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Common Eland
Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx)
Height:
55.9”-71.7” | 142-182 cm
Width:
19.7”-25.2” | 50-64 cm
Length:
83”-106” | 212-269 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
51.2”-66.9” | 130-170 cm
Weight:
661-2072 lb | 300-940 kg
Area:

Horn Length: 17”-27” | 43.2-68.6 cm
Weight (Male): 882-2072 lb | 400-940 kg

Weight (Female): 661-1323 lb | 300-600 kg

Scientific Name
Taurotragus oryx
Lifespan
15-20 years (wild); up to 25 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Common Eland side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Muskox (Ovibos moschatus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Muskox to a typical person

The Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) gets its name from the powerful odor emitted mostly by males. Apart from the odor, it is also noted for its long thick shaggy coat covering the entire body, leaving only the lips and nostrils. This hooved animal is native to the arctic. It has a barrel-shaped body held firmly by strong short legs and males and females have long, curved horns and small tails. Their dark brown or black coats have a light-colored patch or cream on the saddle while the legs are white. The muskox is social and vocal, with males being polygamous and dominating a harem. It feeds on shrubs, herbs, and leafy vegetables.

Muskoxen have a standing shoulder height between 49.2”-59.8” (125-152 cm), overall body length from 74.8”-96.5” (190-245 cm), standing height of roughly 52.4”-64.2” (133-163 cm), and a body width of 25.2”-33.5” (64-85 cm). The weight of a Muskoxe is between 397-838 lb (180-380 kg). Muskoxen have a typical lifespan of 12-22 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Muskox
The Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) gets its name from the powerful odor emitted mostly by males. Apart from the odor, it is also noted for its long thick shaggy coat covering the entire body, leaving only the lips and nostrils. This hooved animal is native to the arctic. It has a barrel-shaped body.

Muskoxen have a standing shoulder height between 49.2”-59.8” (125-152 cm), overall body length from 74.8”-96.5” (190-245 cm), standing height of roughly 52.4”-64.2” (133-163 cm), and a body width of 25.2”-33.5” (64-85 cm). The weight of a Muskoxe is between 397-838 lb (180-380 kg). Muskoxen have a typical lifespan of 12-22 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Muskox
Muskox (Ovibos moschatus)
Height:
52.4”-64.2” | 133-163 cm
Width:
25.2”-33.5” | 64-85 cm
Length:
74.8”-96.5” | 190-245 cm
Depth:
Shoulder Height
49.2”-59.8” | 125-152 cm
Weight:
397-838 lb | 180-380 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Ovibos moschatus
Lifespan
12-22 years

Drawings include:

Muskox side elevation, front, back, lying down

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Zebu (Bos taurus indicus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Zebu to a typical person

The Zebu (Bos taurus indicus) is a species or subspecies of domestic cattle that originated in South Asia. Zebus are often referred to as indigenous cattle or humped cattle because of their distinct fat bump on their shoulders. Zebus characteristics are also: a large dewlap (a long flap of skin) and occasionally drooping ears. Zebus are capable of withstanding high temperatures and are is used as draught and riding livestock, dairy cattle, and beef cattle, as well as by-products of hides, fuel, and manure. Zebus are farmed as pure zebu and as hybrids throughout all tropical countries in Asia.

Zebus have a shoulder height between 43.3”-55.1” (110-140 cm), body length from 71”-89” (180-226 cm), standing height of roughly 48.8”-62.2” (124-158 cm), and a body width of 22.4”-28” (57-71 cm). The horns of a Zebu are between 6”-18” (15.2-45.7 cm). Weights of Zebu vary between males and females with males weighing between 400-600 lb (180-270 kg) and females from 330-440 lb (150-200 kg). Zebus have a typical lifespan of 18-21 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Zebu
The Zebu (Bos taurus indicus) is a species or subspecies of domestic cattle that originated in South Asia. Zebus are often referred to as indigenous cattle or humped cattle because of their distinct fat bump on their shoulders. Zebus characteristics include a large dewlap (a long flap of skin).

Zebus have a shoulder height between 43.3”-55.1” (110-140 cm), body length from 71”-89” (180-226 cm), standing height of roughly 48.8”-62.2” (124-158 cm), and a body width of 22.4”-28” (57-71 cm). The horns of a Zebu are between 6”-18” (15.2-45.7 cm). Weights of Zebu vary between males and females with males weighing between 400-600 lb (180-270 kg) and females from 330-440 lb (150-200 kg). Zebus have a typical lifespan of 18-21 years.

Series of side and front elevation illustrations of the Zebu
Zebu (Bos taurus indicus)
Height:
48.8”-62.2” | 124-158 cm
Width:
22.4”-28” | 57-71 cm
Length:
71”-89” | 180-226 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
43.3”-55.1” | 110-140 cm
Weight:
330-600 lb | 150-270 kg
Area:

Horn Length: 6”-18” | 15.2-45.7 cm
Weight (Male): 400-600 lb | 180-270 kg

Weight (Female): 330-440 lb | 150-200 kg

Scientific Name
Bos taurus indicus
Lifespan
18-21 years

Drawings include:

Zebu side elevation, front, back, lying down

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