Pigs | Suidae

Pigs | Suidae

Description
Description

Pigs, or swine, are medium-sized animals in the family Suidae with a typically stocky barrel-like body with thick, sparsely haired skin and a mobile snout. Suidae are social, companionable, highly intelligent (considered to be more intelligent than dogs), creatures that love mud baths and foraging. Suidae are omnivores and feed on fungi, roots, fruit, earthworms, and more.

Female suidae and their young will typically travel together, while the males are more solitary. Litter sizes for females can range from one to twelve which the female suid will give birth to in grass, or similar, den that the young are able to leave in about 10 days. Suidae display sexual dimorphism, and the males are usually significantly larger than the females.

Anatomy
Anatomy

Pigs, members of the Suidae family, are stout-bodied animals with short, robust legs. They have a broad snout, which is both highly sensitive and adaptable for digging and foraging. Their skin, often covered in bristles, can range from smooth to very hairy, and in various colors. Pigs possess a compact, barrel-shaped body, built for endurance rather than speed.

Their eyesight is limited, but they make up for it with an exceptional sense of smell, crucial for locating food. Pigs communicate using a variety of vocalizations, including grunts, squeals, and oinks, each indicating different emotions or intentions. Their versatile anatomy allows them to thrive in diverse habitats.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

Humans and pigs share a multifaceted history. Pigs were domesticated over 9,000 years ago for meat, making them one of the earliest livestock animals. In many cultures, they symbolize prosperity and abundance. Pop culture is peppered with pig references: from the wise "Babe" to the playful "Peppa Pig", they're beloved characters. The "Three Little Pigs" tale teaches resilience, while in the Chinese zodiac, the pig represents luck and good fortune.

However, industrial farming has raised ethical concerns about their treatment. Wild species, like the Javan warty pig, face extinction risks. Conservation efforts work towards habitat preservation and promoting humane pig farming practices.

Common Questions
Common Questions
What is a group of swine called?

What a group of swine is called depends on the ages of the swine. A young group of swine is called a drift, drove, or littler. A group of older pigs can be called a sounder of swine, a team of hogs, a passel of hogs, or a singular of boars.

What do pigs eat?

Pigs are omnivores meaning they feed on both plants and meats. Wild pigs typically eat flowers, fruits, leaves, grass, roots, mushrooms, tree bark. They also eat garbage, worms, dead insects, and carcasses. Domesticated pigs eat farm grains like corn, oats, barley, and wheat. They also eat soybean meal, hay, and vegetables.

What is the meaning of “when pigs fly”?

The meaning of the phrase “when pigs fly” is that something is not likely to happen at all. The phrase most likely originated in either Germany or Scotland since there are various examples of the expression being used to describe an occurrence that is not physically possible.

Animals

* Under Development *

25”-33” | 64-84 cm
36”-60” | 91-152 cm
120-250 lb | 55-110 kg
15-18 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Common Warthog
84.000
152.000
110.000
20.00
41000
GUIDE
3D
Common Warthog
20”-38” | 51-97 cm
35”-71” | 90-180 cm
300-700 lb | 140-300 kg
6-10 years (farm); 15-20 years (pet)
Domestic Pig
97.000
180.000
300.000
10.00
53000
GUIDE
3D
Domestic Pig
2’6”-3’7” | 76-110 cm
4’3”-6’11” | 130-210 cm
220-600 lb | 100-275 kg
5 years average (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Giant Forest Hog
110.000
210.000
275.000
20.00
1400
GUIDE
3D
Giant Forest Hog
14”-20” | 36-51 cm
22”-32” | 56-130 cm
50-200 lb | 23-90 kg
5 years (typical); 12-18 years (captivity)
Miniature Pig
51.000
130.000
90.000
18.00
12000
GUIDE
3D
Miniature Pig
23”-26” | 58-66 cm
33”-43” | 85-110 cm
100-220 lb | 45-100 kg
Up to 20 years (wild); up to 24 years (captivity)
North Sulawesi Babirusa
66.000
110.000
100.000
24.00
150
GUIDE
3D
North Sulawesi Babirusa
8”-12” | 20-31 cm
22”-28” | 55-71 cm
14-22 lb | 6.5-10 kg
Up to 14 years (captivity)
Pygmy Hog
31.000
71.000
10.000
14.00
1500
GUIDE
3D
Pygmy Hog
1’10”-2’7” | 56-79 cm
3’4”-5’ | 102-152 cm
100-285 lb | 45-130 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Red River Hog
79.000
152.000
130.000
20.00
3400
GUIDE
3D
Red River Hog
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)
Wild Boar
91.000
183.000
100.000
20.00
39000
GUIDE
3D
Wild Boar
2’9”-3’ | 84-91 cm
5’6”-6’6” | 168-198 cm
450-750 lb | 204-340 kg
6-10 years (farm); 15-20 years (pet)
Yorkshire Pig
91.000
198.000
340.000
20.00
3500
GUIDE
3D
Yorkshire Pig
Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Giant Forest Hog to a typical person

Considered the largest wild member in the pig (Suidae) family, the Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) has a large hair-covered body that thins out with age. Thebody of the Giant Forest Hog surface is mainly black, but the hair closest to the skin is brown or orange. Their ears are wide and pointed and the male's tusks can reach 14 inches (36 cm) in length.

In Western and Central Africa, Giant Forest Hogs are mostly confined to the forests of Guinea and Congo. Usually, Giant Forest Hogs are nocturnal, but they are seen more often during daylight hours in cold periods. In regions protected against humans, they may also be adventurous and often travel up to 8 miles (12.9 km).

Giant Forest Hogs have a height between 2’6”-3’7” (76-110 cm), body length of 4’3”-6’11” (130-210 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 220-600 lb (100-275 kg). The lifespan of a Giant Forest Hog is typically 5 years in the wild and 15-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Giant Forest Hog
Considered the largest wild member in the pig (Suidae) family, the Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) has a large hair-covered body that thins out with age. Thebody of the Giant Forest Hog surface is mainly black, but the hair closest to the skin is brown or orange.

Giant Forest Hogs have a height between 2’6”-3’7” (76-110 cm), body length of 4’3”-6’11” (130-210 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 220-600 lb (100-275 kg). The lifespan of a Giant Forest Hog is typically 5 years in the wild and 15-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Giant Forest Hog
Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni)
Height:
2’6”-3’7” | 76-110 cm
Width:
Length:
4’3”-6’11” | 130-210 cm
Depth:
Weight:
220-600 lb | 100-275 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Hylochoerus meinertzhageni
Lifespan
5 years average (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Giant Forest Hog side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

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3D Downloads

Wild Boar (Sus scrofa)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Wild Boar compared to an average person

Wild Boars (Sus scrofa) are a species of Suidae common to most of the Palearctic and has been introduced in the Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Caribbean Islands, and Southeast Asia. Humans have been responsible for contributing to the wide-ranging spread of the Wild Boar as it has proved to be highly adaptable to diverse environments and habitats.

The Wild Boar is a large, heavily developed pig with small-lean legs. The trunk of the Wild Boar is short and tough, while the back of the trunk is relatively underdeveloped. The area behind the shoulder blades rises to a hump and the neck is short and thick, making it one of the body deficiencies for the Wild Boar.

Wild Boars have a height between 2’6”-3’ (76-91 cm), body length of 5’-6’ (152-183 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 150-220 lb (68-100 kg). The lifespan of a Wild Boar is typically 10-14 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Wild Boar
Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is common to most of the Palearctic and has been introduced in the Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, the Caribbean Islands, and Southeast Asia. Human intervention has further spread it, making the species one of the largest mammals in the world, as well as the most widespread sp

Wild Boars have a height between 2’6”-3’ (76-91 cm), body length of 5’-6’ (152-183 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 150-220 lb (68-100 kg). The lifespan of a Wild Boar is typically 10-14 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Wild Boar
Wild Boar (Sus scrofa)
Height:
2’6”-3’ | 76-91 cm
Width:
Length:
5’-6’ | 152-183 cm
Depth:
Weight:
150-220 lb | 68-100 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Sus scrofa
Lifespan
10-14 years (wild); up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Wild Boar side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Domestic Pig (Sus domesticus)
Scale illustration of an average domestic pig with dimensions for height and length compared to a female farmer

Domestic pigs, also referred to as swine or hogs, are stocky bodied hoofed animals that have developed for farming purposes as a subspecies of the wild boar. Raised around the world to provide valuable products for humans, Domestic Pigs are bred to be much larger than their ancestors in order to produce higher yields of meat (pork), lard, leather, glue, fertilizer, and samples for medical research. Naturally intelligent and social, Domestic Pigs are among the smartest of all domesticated animals and are often credited as being smarter than dogs.

The typical Domestic Pig has an overall height of 20”-38” (51-97 cm) and body length of 35"-71” (.9-1.8 m). An average Domestic Pig weighs between 300-700 lb (140-300 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 6-10 years on a farm or up to 15-20 years if kept as a pet.

Illustrations of a common domestic pig drawn from the side profile, front, and laying down positions
Domestic pigs, also referred to as swine or hogs, are stocky bodied hoofed animals that have developed for farming purposes as a subspecies of the wild boar. Domestic Pigs are among the smartest of all domesticated animals and are often credited as being smarter than dogs.

The typical Domestic Pig has an overall height of 20”-38” (51-97 cm) and body length of 35"-71” (.9-1.8 m). An average Domestic Pig weighs between 300-700 lb (140-300 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 6-10 years on a farm or up to 15-20 years if kept as a pet.

Illustrations of a common domestic pig drawn from the side profile, front, and laying down positions
Domestic Pig (Sus domesticus)
Height:
20”-38” | 51-97 cm
Width:
Length:
35”-71” | 90-180 cm
Depth:
Weight:
300-700 lb | 140-300 kg
Area:

Uses: Pork, lard, leather, glue, fertilizer, medicines

Scientific Name
Sus domesticus
Lifespan
6-10 years (farm); 15-20 years (pet)

Drawings include:
Domestic Pig side elevation (standing), side (female farmer), front, side (laying down)

Downloads

2D Downloads

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North Sulawesi Babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis)
Comparison illustration of the size of a North Sulawesi Babirusa to a typical person

The North Sulawesi Babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis) is a pig-like mammal from Sulawesi and several of the neighboring islands of Indonesia. They are definied by their prominent double sets of wide tusks of canine teeth. The top of the snout is crossed by the tusks which curve back towards the forehead. The North Sulawesi Babirusa is virtually hairless, which reveals its gray skin.

In males, the upper canines are relatively long and thick but in females, their canines hardly protrude and curve. North Sulawesi Babirusas live in the center of tropical forests and canebrakes and the river and lakeshores. Since the North Sulawesi Babirusa is hairless, their mottled-gray and brown skin acts as camouflage.

North Sulawesi Babirusas have a height between 23”-26” (58-66 cm), body length of 33”-43” (85-110 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 100-220 lb (45-100 kg). The lifespan of a North Sulawesi Babirusa is up to 20 years in the wild and up to 24 years when held in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the North Sulawesi Babirusa
The North Sulawesi Babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis) is a pig-like mammal from Sulawesi and several of the neighboring islands of Indonesia. They are definied by their prominent double sets of wide tusks of canine teeth. The top of the snout is crossed by tusks which curve back towards the forehead.

North Sulawesi Babirusas have a height between 23”-26” (58-66 cm), body length of 33”-43” (85-110 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 100-220 lb (45-100 kg). The lifespan of a North Sulawesi Babirusa is up to 20 years in the wild and up to 24 years when held in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the North Sulawesi Babirusa
North Sulawesi Babirusa (Babyrousa celebensis)
Height:
23”-26” | 58-66 cm
Width:
Length:
33”-43” | 85-110 cm
Depth:
Weight:
100-220 lb | 45-100 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Babyrousa celebensis
Lifespan
Up to 20 years (wild); up to 24 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

North Sulawesi Babirusa side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Miniature Pig
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Miniature Pig compared to an average person

The Miniature Pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) is a breed of domestic pig that was first introduced as a research animal. Working with a large 500 lb (227 kg) pig was not ideal for researchers, thus the Miniature Pig was born.

The Miniature Pig is the 3rd smartest animal, right behind the Chimpanzee and Dolphin, this makes them great house pets because they can easily learn new tricks and tasks like going out to the bathroom or being a comfort animal. Appearances can vary depending on the breed of pig, but a Miniature Pig can be pink, grey, or even black with certain spotting or marks along their face or body.

Miniature Pigs have a height between 14”-20” (36-51 cm), body length of 22”-32” (56-130 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 50-200 lb (23-90 kg). The lifespan of a Miniature Pig is typically 5 years, but the breed can live up to 12-18 years if cared for properly.

Collection of scaled drawings of Miniature Pig in various poses
The Miniature Pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) is a breed of domestic pig that was first introduced as a research animal. Working with a 500 lb (227 kg) pig was not ideal for researchers, thus the Miniature Pig was born. The Miniature Pig is the 3rd smartest animal, behind the Chimpanzee and Dolphin.

Miniature Pigs have a height between 14”-20” (36-51 cm), body length of 22”-32” (56-130 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 50-200 lb (23-90 kg). The lifespan of a Miniature Pig is typically 5 years, but the breed can live up to 12-18 years if cared for properly.

Collection of scaled drawings of Miniature Pig in various poses
Miniature Pig
Height:
14”-20” | 36-51 cm
Width:
Length:
22”-32” | 56-130 cm
Depth:
Weight:
50-200 lb | 23-90 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Sus scrofa domesticus
Lifespan
5 years (typical); 12-18 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Miniature Pig side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads