New World Monkeys

New World Monkeys

Description
Description

New World monkeys, belonging to the parvorder Platyrrhini, are a captivating group of primates native to the tropical forests of Central and South America. Diverging from their Old World counterparts around 40 million years ago, these monkeys showcase a remarkable variety of adaptations, including prehensile tails in some species—a trait not found in Old World monkeys. They exhibit a wide range of sizes, diets, and social structures. Habitats range from the dense Amazonian rainforests to savannas, each species uniquely tailored to its environment. Their evolution has been shaped by the diverse and challenging ecosystems of the New World, making them an integral part of the Americas' biodiversity.

Anatomy
Anatomy

New World monkeys are a diverse group with varying anatomies, but common traits exist. Many possess prehensile tails, acting as a fifth limb for gripping branches—a unique feature among primates. Their noses have wide, side-facing nostrils, differing from their Old World relatives. New World monkeys are agile climbers and leapers, with strong limbs and flexible joints aiding in tree navigation. They communicate through vocalizations, facial expressions, and postures. Their vision is sharp, crucial for detecting predators and food in dense foliage. With a keen sense of touch, they deftly manipulate objects and explore their environment, enhancing their survival in the treetops.

Human Interaction
Human Interaction

Throughout history, New World monkeys have captivated humans with their remarkable agility and expressive faces, inspiring curiosity and affection. They frequently appear in media and pop culture, often as symbols of playfulness and mischief. In the wild, their habitats are increasingly threatened by human activities like deforestation and urbanization.

This has spurred conservation efforts, with many species protected under law and conservationists working to preserve their natural environments. Additionally, New World monkeys contribute to biomedical research due to their physiological similarities to humans. Recognizing their ecological and scientific importance, concerted efforts are being made to ensure their survival and well-being.

Common Questions
Common Questions
Where are New World monkeys found?

The American continent is the ideal place to find the New World monkey. That is from Mexico to Argentina, mainly in the forest where they can swing among trees during play and also find abundant food to eat. They descended from the African simian and crossed the Atlantic over 40 million years ago.

Which are the most intelligent species of the New World monkey?

New World monkeys have large brains compared to their body size. However, this doesn’t mean they are smarter but it is because of their diet. Even so, the most intelligent species in the New World monkey is the Capuchin. This monkey has been recorded fashioning products and even using tools.

Which is the largest New World monkey?

Howler monkeys are the largest among all New World monkeys. They produce loud howls and are also the only folivores in this category. This monkey is very social, living in groups of multiple females with one to three males. It is rarely aggressive but gentle, hence a common pet.

Animals

* Under Development *

12.2”-16.1” | 31-41 cm
9”-11.4” | 23-29 cm
20”-26” | 51-66 cm
8.8-17.6 lb | 4-8 kg
15-20 years (wild); 25-33 years (captivity)
Black Howler
41.000
29.000
66.000
8.000
33.00
6100
GUIDE
3D
Black Howler
6.3”-9” | 16-23 cm
3.1”-4.5” | 8-11.5 cm
9”-13” | 23-33 cm
1.1-2.2 lb | .5-1 kg
15-21 years (wild); 20-30 years (captivity)
Common Squirrel Monkey
23.000
11.500
33.000
1.000
30.00
3700
GUIDE
3D
Common Squirrel Monkey
7.5”-10.2” | 19-26 cm
5.9”-7.7” | 15-19.5 cm
11.4”-15.4” | 29-39 cm
2.2-2.6 lb | 1-1.2 kg
20-27 years
Coppery Titi
26.000
19.500
39.000
1.200
27.00
250
GUIDE
3D
Coppery Titi
10.2”-14.2” | 26-36 cm
5.1”-7.1” | 13-18 cm
13”-17.7” | 33-45 cm
4.4-8.8 lb | 2-4 kg
30-37 years (wild); 45-54 years (captivity)
Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin
36.000
18.000
45.000
4.000
54.00
1900
GUIDE
3D
Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin
13”-20.9” | 33-53 cm
7.9”-13” | 20-33 cm
16.5”-26” | 42-66 cm
15.4-19.8 lb | 7-9 kg
25-30 years (wild); 33-46 years (captivity)
Red-Faced Spider Monkey
53.000
33.000
66.000
9.000
46.00
1900
GUIDE
3D
Red-Faced Spider Monkey
10.2”-16.5” | 26-42 cm
5.5”-9.4” | 14-24 cm
13”-22” | 33-56 cm
4.4-11 lb | 2-5 kg
15-25 years (wild); 40-50 years (captivity)
Tufted Capuchin
42.000
24.000
56.000
5.000
50.00
2450
GUIDE
3D
Tufted Capuchin
13.8”-20” | 35-51 cm
7.5”-11” | 19-28 cm
18.1”-28.3” | 46-72 cm
9.25-19.8 lb | 4.2-9 kg
15-25 years
Venezuelan Red Howler
51.000
28.000
72.000
9.000
25.00
1030
GUIDE
3D
Venezuelan Red Howler
Coppery Titi (Plecturocebus cupreus)
Scale illustration of an average Coppery Titi compared to other species of New World Monkeys

The Coppery Titi (Callicebus cupreus) is a species of small monkeys native to South America. They are reddish in color, with bare, dark faces. Coppery titis are mostly herbivores, loving the soft fruits of the forest, but are also adaptable and will eat bamboo or insects if need be. They live in the tropical forests of Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, and Colombia, and rarely leave the trees to venture to the ground. Rather than climbing or walking, the coppery titi prefers to leap from place to place in short bounds. Their tail cannot grasp branches, but does help them balance as they leap around the forest.

Coppery Titis have a head-body length of 11.4”-15.4” (29-39 cm), tail length of 14.2”-25.2” (36-64 cm), height on all fours of 7.5”-10.2” (19-26 cm), and body width between 5.9”-7.7” (15-19.5 cm). The typical weight of the Coppery Titi is in the range of 2.2-2.6 lb (1-1.2 kg). Coppery Titis have lifespans between 20-27 years.

Group of measured illustrations of the Coppery Titi seen from the front and side
The Coppery Titi (Callicebus cupreus) is a species of small monkeys native to South America. They are reddish in color, with bare, dark faces. Coppery titis are mostly herbivores, loving the soft fruits of the forest, but are also adaptable and will eat bamboo or insects if need be.

Coppery Titis have a head-body length of 11.4”-15.4” (29-39 cm), tail length of 14.2”-25.2” (36-64 cm), height on all fours of 7.5”-10.2” (19-26 cm), and body width between 5.9”-7.7” (15-19.5 cm). The typical weight of the Coppery Titi is in the range of 2.2-2.6 lb (1-1.2 kg). Coppery Titis have lifespans between 20-27 years.

Group of measured illustrations of the Coppery Titi seen from the front and side
Coppery Titi (Plecturocebus cupreus)
Height:
7.5”-10.2” | 19-26 cm
Width:
5.9”-7.7” | 15-19.5 cm
Length:
11.4”-15.4” | 29-39 cm
Depth:
Weight:
2.2-2.6 lb | 1-1.2 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 14.2”-25.2” | 36-64 cm

Scientific Name
Plecturocebus cupreus
Lifespan
20-27 years

Drawings include:

Coppery Titi side elevation (assorted), front

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Red-Faced Spider Monkey (Ateles paniscus)
Drawing comparing the size of the Red-Faced Spider Monkey to similar New World Monkey species

The Red-Faced Spider Monkey, also known as the black spider monkey or Guiana spider monkey (Ateles paniscus) is a species of small primate native to South America. Red-faced spider monkeys have full control over their tails, using them as an extra appendage to hold things while their hands and feet gather food or reach for the next branch.  They live in the dense forests of Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, and Suriname north of the Amazon River. They are primarily arboreal and live their lives in the upper canopy of their forests, preferring to remain in treetops higher than eighty feet above the ground.

Red-Faced Spider Monkeys have a head-body length of 16.5”-26” (42-66 cm), tail length of 25.2”-32.3” (64-82 cm), height on all fours of 13”-20.9” (33-53 cm), and body width between 7.9”-13” (20-33 cm). The typical weight of the Red-Faced Spider Monkey is in the range of 15.4-19.8 lb (7-9 kg). Red-Faced Spider Monkeys have lifespans between 25-30 years in the wild and 33-46 years in captivity.

Collection of dimensioned scaled drawings of the Red-Faced Spider Monkey viewed from the side and front elevations
The Red-Faced Spider Monkey, also known as the black spider monkey or Guiana spider monkey (Ateles paniscus) is a species of small primate native to South America. Red-faced spider monkeys have full control over their tails, using them as an extra appendage to hold things.

Red-Faced Spider Monkeys have a head-body length of 16.5”-26” (42-66 cm), tail length of 25.2”-32.3” (64-82 cm), height on all fours of 13”-20.9” (33-53 cm), and body width between 7.9”-13” (20-33 cm). The typical weight of the Red-Faced Spider Monkey is in the range of 15.4-19.8 lb (7-9 kg). Red-Faced Spider Monkeys have lifespans between 25-30 years in the wild and 33-46 years in captivity.

Collection of dimensioned scaled drawings of the Red-Faced Spider Monkey viewed from the side and front elevations
Red-Faced Spider Monkey (Ateles paniscus)
Height:
13”-20.9” | 33-53 cm
Width:
7.9”-13” | 20-33 cm
Length:
16.5”-26” | 42-66 cm
Depth:
Weight:
15.4-19.8 lb | 7-9 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 25.2”-32.3” | 64-82 cm

Scientific Name
Ateles paniscus
Lifespan
25-30 years (wild); 33-46 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Red-Faced Spider Monkey side elevation (assorted), front

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Tufted Capuchin (Sapajus apella)
Scale illustration of an average Tufted Capuchin compared to other species of New World Monkeys

The Tufted Capuchin (Sapajus apella), also called the black-capped capuchin, pin monkey, or brown capuchin, is a species of small primate native to South America. They are most comfortable in trees, while they will walk through the open to gather food, they return to tall trees at night to sleep. It has a distinct tufts of fur on the forehead that give it its name, and is typically tougher than other capuchins. The species is remarkable in that they use tools; the capuchin will dry a hard nut and then use a rock to crack it open.

Tufted Capuchins have a head-body length of 13”-22” (33-56 cm), tail length of 15”-22” (38-56 cm), height on all fours of 10.2”-16.5” (26-42 cm), and body width between 5.5”-9.4” (14-24 cm). The typical weight of the Tufted Capuchin is in the range of 4.4-11 lb (2-5 kg). Tufted Capuchins have lifespans between 15-25 years in the wild and 40-50 years in captivity.

Group of measured illustrations of the Tufted Capuchin seen from the front and side
The Tufted Capuchin (Sapajus apella), also called the black-capped capuchin, pin monkey, or brown capuchin, is a species of small primate native to South America. They are most comfortable in trees, while they will walk through the open to gather food, they return to tall trees at night to sleep.

Tufted Capuchins have a head-body length of 13”-22” (33-56 cm), tail length of 15”-22” (38-56 cm), height on all fours of 10.2”-16.5” (26-42 cm), and body width between 5.5”-9.4” (14-24 cm). The typical weight of the Tufted Capuchin is in the range of 4.4-11 lb (2-5 kg). Tufted Capuchins have lifespans between 15-25 years in the wild and 40-50 years in captivity.

Group of measured illustrations of the Tufted Capuchin seen from the front and side
Tufted Capuchin (Sapajus apella)
Height:
10.2”-16.5” | 26-42 cm
Width:
5.5”-9.4” | 14-24 cm
Length:
13”-22” | 33-56 cm
Depth:
Weight:
4.4-11 lb | 2-5 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 15”-22” | 38-56 cm

Scientific Name
Sapajus apella
Lifespan
15-25 years (wild); 40-50 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Tufted Capuchin side elevation (assorted), front

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Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin (Cebus imitator)
Comparison drawing of the Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin compared to similar New World Monkey species at scale

The Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin (Cebus imitator) is also sometimes called the Central American white-faced capuchin. It is a species of medium-sized primates native to Central America. They live in a variety of Central American forests, preferring humid climates, but have been found as far south as Argentina. Perhaps the best known monkey in the species is Chiquita, the monkey actor who played Jack the Monkey in the Pirates of the Caribbean film franchise. Although fiction, that portrayal isn’t too far off from the truth; the Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin is very intelligent and can be trained as a service animal.

Panamanian White-Faced Capuchins have a head-body length of 13”-17.7” (33-45 cm), tail length of 13.4”-21.7” (34-55 cm), height on all fours of 10.2”-14.2” (26-36 cm), and body width between 5.1”-7.1” (13-18 cm). The typical weight of the Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin is in the range of 4.4-8.8 lb (2-4 kg). Panamanian White-Faced Capuchins have lifespans between 30-37 years in the wild and 45-54 years in captivity.

Series of dimensioned drawings of the Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin in front and side views
The Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin (Cebus imitator) is also sometimes called the Central American white-faced capuchin. It is a species of medium-sized primates native to Central America. They live in a variety of Central American forests, preferring humid climates, but have been found far south.

Panamanian White-Faced Capuchins have a head-body length of 13”-17.7” (33-45 cm), tail length of 13.4”-21.7” (34-55 cm), height on all fours of 10.2”-14.2” (26-36 cm), and body width between 5.1”-7.1” (13-18 cm). The typical weight of the Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin is in the range of 4.4-8.8 lb (2-4 kg). Panamanian White-Faced Capuchins have lifespans between 30-37 years in the wild and 45-54 years in captivity.

Series of dimensioned drawings of the Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin in front and side views
Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin (Cebus imitator)
Height:
10.2”-14.2” | 26-36 cm
Width:
5.1”-7.1” | 13-18 cm
Length:
13”-17.7” | 33-45 cm
Depth:
Weight:
4.4-8.8 lb | 2-4 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 13.4”-21.7” | 34-55 cm

Scientific Name
Cebus imitator
Lifespan
30-37 years (wild); 45-54 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Panamanian White-Faced Capuchin side elevation (assorted), front

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Venezuelan Red Howler (Alouatta seniculus)
Comparison drawing of the Venezuelan Red Howler compared to similar New World Monkey species at scale

The Venezuelan Red Howler (Alouatta seniculus), sometimes called the Colombian red howler, is a small primate native to South America. Red howlers are identifiable by their bright red, nearly orange, fur that they are named after. They live in almost every biome within their geographic range, from all types of forests, to river terraces and swamp woodlands. The only thing all their habitats have in common is a proximity to water; they stay within a mile of the coast, and will chose to live near a lake or river over forests solidly on dry land. They rarely leap from tree to tree, preferring to have a solid handhold on the next branch before letting go of the first.

Venezuelan Red Howlers have a head-body length of 18.1”-28.3” (46-72 cm), tail length of 19.3”-29.5” (49-75 cm), height on all fours of 13.8”-20” (35-51 cm), and body width between 7.5”-11” (19-28 cm). The typical weight of the Venezuelan Red Howler is in the range of 9.25-19.8 lb (4.2-9 kg). Venezuelan Red Howlers have lifespans between 15-25 years.

Series of dimensioned drawings of the Venezuelan Red Howler in front and side views
The Venezuelan Red Howler (Alouatta seniculus), sometimes called the Colombian red howler, is a small primate native to South America. Red howlers are identifiable by their bright red, nearly orange, fur that they are named after. They live in almost every biome within their geographic range.

Venezuelan Red Howlers have a head-body length of 18.1”-28.3” (46-72 cm), tail length of 19.3”-29.5” (49-75 cm), height on all fours of 13.8”-20” (35-51 cm), and body width between 7.5”-11” (19-28 cm). The typical weight of the Venezuelan Red Howler is in the range of 9.25-19.8 lb (4.2-9 kg). Venezuelan Red Howlers have lifespans between 15-25 years.

Series of dimensioned drawings of the Venezuelan Red Howler in front and side views
Venezuelan Red Howler (Alouatta seniculus)
Height:
13.8”-20” | 35-51 cm
Width:
7.5”-11” | 19-28 cm
Length:
18.1”-28.3” | 46-72 cm
Depth:
Weight:
9.25-19.8 lb | 4.2-9 kg
Area:

Tail Length: 19.3”-29.5” | 49-75 cm

Scientific Name
Alouatta seniculus
Lifespan
15-25 years

Drawings include:

Venezuelan Red Howler side elevation (assorted), front

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