Big Cats popularly refers to the class of wild animals in the family Felidae, and more specifically the larger species in the genus Panthera. Initially, they consisted of the Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Jaguar but now include also the Cheetah, Clouded Leopard, Cougar, and Sunda Clouded Leopard.

Most big cats can be found in Africa, America, and Asia. These animals are normally large and muscular except for the Cheetah and also portray different behaviors both in the wild, in captivity, and conservatory parks. Big Cats also commonly sport a spotted skin and a skull or face that is flatted or evenly convex. The Lion, Leopard, Tiger, and Jaguar are the only big cats with the ability to roar.

What makes an animal a Panthera?

A Panthera animal is characterized by its specific skull shape that has a flat dorsal profile. All Panthera species also have an incomplete ossified hyoid bone. They have an adapted larynx with larger vocal folds that are covered in a fibro-elastic pad that allows all Panthera species except the snow leopard to roar.

What is the largest Big Cat species?

The largest Big Cat species is the Siberian Tiger which typically weighs a total of 931 pounds and is native to Northeastern China, Korea, Russia, as well as parts of India and the Himalayas. The other large Big Cats species include the Lion, Jaguar, Cougar, and Snow Leopard.

Do all Big Cats purr?

Generally, all Big Cats, which include lions, tigers, leopards, and jaguars, cannot purr, but they can roar. Small cats, including bobcats, ocelots, lynxes, cougars, and house cats can purr, but they cannot roar. Roaring and purring allow these species of cats to vocalize and communicate with each other.

Big Cats Guides
Browse through our curated Big Cats Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Big Cats. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)
African Lion
130.000
200.000
190.000
15.00
449000
3D
African Lion
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
3D
Asiatic Lion
34”-45” | 86-114 cm
5’3”-6’5” | 160-196 cm
220-650 lb | 100-295 kg
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Bengal Tiger
114.000
196.000
295.000
25.00
45000
3D
Bengal Tiger
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
3D
Caracal
Cheetah
185000
28”-35” | 70–90 cm
44”-59” | 112-150 cm
77-143 lb | 35-65 kg
10-12 years
Cheetah
90.000
150.000
65.000
10.00
185000
3D
Cheetah
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
27”-43” | 69-109 cm
25-50 lb | 11-23 kg
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)
Clouded Leopard
56.000
109.000
23.000
20.00
30000
3D
Clouded Leopard
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
3D
Cougar
Jaguar
407000
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
4’10”-6’ | 147-183 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Jaguar
79.000
183.000
113.000
25.00
407000
3D
Jaguar
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
22”-30” | 56-76 cm
6-20 lb | 3-9 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Jaguarundi
36.000
76.000
9.000
20.00
26000
3D
Jaguarundi
Margay
19000
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
18”-31” | 36-79 cm
5-9 lb | 2-4 kg
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)
Margay
43.000
79.000
4.000
24.00
19000
3D
Margay
Ocelot
137000
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Ocelot
51.000
102.000
18.000
20.00
137000
3D
Ocelot
Serval
78000
21”-26” | 53-66 cm
23”-36” | 58-91 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Serval
66.000
91.000
18.000
20.00
78000
3D
Serval
30”-42” | 75-107 cm
5’7”-6’10” | 170-208 cm
260-700 lb | 118-318 kg
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
Siberian Tiger
107.000
208.000
318.000
25.00
49000
3D
Siberian Tiger
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
Snow Leopard
66.000
130.000
54.000
22.00
121000
3D
Snow Leopard
Margay (Leopardus wiedii)
Scale illustration of an average Margay with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Margay (Leopardus wiedii), also known as the tiger cat, is a small cat native to South and Central America. Its primary habitat is the deciduous forest where it prefers to spend most of its time among the trees. As such, the Margay is a talented climber that has the ability to climb down trees head-first—a skill only shared with the Clouded Leopard.

The Margay has large eyes, round ears, brown fur with brownish-black rosettes, and claws that increase its tree climbing capabilities. It is similar in appearance to an ocelot although it has a more distinct face and longer tail.

Margays have a shoulder height between 12”-17” (31-43 cm), body length of 18”-31” (36-79 cm), and weight in the range of 5-9 lb (2-4 kg). The tail of a Margay is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Margays have a typical lifespan of 12-14 years wild and up to 24 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Margay in various poses
The Margay (Leopardus wiedii), also known as the tiger cat, is a small cat native to South & Central America. Its lives in the deciduous forest where it prefers to spend most of its time among the trees. As such, the Margay is a talented climber with the ability to climb down trees head first.

Margays have a shoulder height between 12”-17” (31-43 cm), body length of 18”-31” (36-79 cm), and weight in the range of 5-9 lb (2-4 kg). The tail of a Margay is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Margays have a typical lifespan of 12-14 years wild and up to 24 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Margay in various poses
Margay (Leopardus wiedii)
Height:
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
Width:
Length:
18”-31” | 36-79 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
Weight:
5-9 lb | 2-4 kg
Area:
Tail Length
12”-20" | 31-51 cm
Scientific Name
Leopardus wiedii
Lifespan
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Margay side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Serval (Leptailurus serval)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Serval to a typical person

The Serval (Leptailurus serval) is a slender, medium-sized cat native to Africa. It inhabits semi-arid regions near the Mediterranean Sea and avoids rainforests. Servals have a small head, large ears, and a yellow to red-brown coat with spots and stripes.

The black markings are extensive and vary in size along its body. Relative to its body size, the Serval has the longest legs of any cat—with long toes as well. The Serval is solitary and remains active throughout the day as well as at night.

Servals have a shoulder height between 21”-26” (53-66 cm), body length of 23”-36” (58-91 cm), and weight in the range of 15-40 lb (7-18 kg). The tail of a Serval is 8”-16” (20-41 cm) in length. Servals have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Serval
The Serval (Leptailurus serval) is a slender, medium-sized cat native to Africa. It inhabits semi-arid regions near the Mediterranean Sea and avoids rainforests. Servals have a small head, large ears, and a yellow to red-brown coat with spots and stripes.

Servals have a shoulder height between 21”-26” (53-66 cm), body length of 23”-36” (58-91 cm), and weight in the range of 15-40 lb (7-18 kg). The tail of a Serval is 8”-16” (20-41 cm) in length. Servals have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Serval
Serval (Leptailurus serval)
Height:
21”-26” | 53-66 cm
Width:
Length:
23”-36” | 58-91 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
Weight:
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
Area:
Tail Length
8”-16” | 20-41 cm
Scientific Name
Leptailurus serval
Lifespan
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Serval side elevation (standing), side (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)
Illustration with dimensions comparing the size of an average Cheetah to a human man

Cheetahs are big cats famed for being the world’s fastest land mammals. Characterized by their slender bodies, distinctive spotted coats, long thin legs, deep chests and small heads, cheetahs are talented daytime hunters that chase gazelles with bursts of speed that can go from 0-60 mph | 27 km/h in three seconds.

The typical Cheetah has an overall height of 28”-35” (70–90 cm) and body length of 44”-59” (112-150 cm). An average Cheetah weighs between 77-143 lb (35-65 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 10-12 years.

Collection of drawings of Cheetahs sitting in various poses that include sitting, front and back profiles, and lying down
Cheetahs are big cats famed for being the world’s fastest land mammals. With slender bodies, spotted coats, and long thin legs, cheetahs are talented hunters with bursts of speed from 0-60 mph | 27 km/h.

The typical Cheetah has an overall height of 28”-35” (70–90 cm) and body length of 44”-59” (112-150 cm). An average Cheetah weighs between 77-143 lb (35-65 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 10-12 years.

Collection of drawings of Cheetahs sitting in various poses that include sitting, front and back profiles, and lying down
Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)
Height:
28”-35” | 70–90 cm
Width:
Length:
44”-59” | 112-150 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
Weight:
77-143 lb | 35-65 kg
Area:


Tail Length
Scientific Name
Acinonyx jubatus
Lifespan
10-12 years

Drawings include:
Cheetah side profile (standing), side (sitting), front, back, side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Bengal Tiger compared to an average person

The Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also known as the Royal Bengal tiger, is the national animal of India and Bangladesh. It is considered one of the biggest cats in size as well as population as the Bengal tiger makes up nearly half of the existing tiger population.

Its coat is light orange and features black stripes on its body and black rings on its tail. It also has a substantial set of teeth as its canines are recorded as the longest of all cats. The Bengal tiger leads a solitary life, maintaining only a basic social unit of the female and her cubs.

Bengal Tigers have a shoulder height between 34”-45” (86-114 cm), body length of 5’3”-6’5” (160-196 cm), and weight in the range of 220-650 lb (100-295 kg). The tail of a Bengal Tiger is 33”-43” (84-109 cm) in length. Bengal Tigers have a typical lifespan of 8-10 years in the wild and 18-25 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Bengal Tiger
The Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also known as the Royal Bengal tiger, is the national animal of India and Bangladesh. It is considered one of the biggest cats in size as well as population as the Bengal tiger makes up nearly half of the existing tiger population.

Bengal Tigers have a shoulder height between 34”-45” (86-114 cm), body length of 5’3”-6’5” (160-196 cm), and weight in the range of 220-650 lb (100-295 kg). The tail of a Bengal Tiger is 33”-43” (84-109 cm) in length. Bengal Tigers have a typical lifespan of 8-10 years in the wild and 18-25 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Bengal Tiger
Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)
Height:
34”-45” | 86-114 cm
Width:
Length:
5’3”-6’5” | 160-196 cm
Depth:
Withers Height
Weight:
220-650 lb | 100-295 kg
Area:
Tail Length
33”-43” | 84-109 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera tigris tigris
Lifespan
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Bengal Tiger side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

African Lion (Panthera leo leo)
Comparison of the size of a male and female Lion seen from the front profile

African Lions are large felines with compact and powerful bodies for hunting prey. Characterized by their yellow-gold coats and prominent manes (on males), lions are the world’s most social cats and live in communities called prides. Lions inhabit a range of habitats from open plains, to grasslands, savannas, and forests.

The average Lion has an overall height of 44"-50" (1.1-1.3 m), withers height of 34"-40" (.9-1.0 m), and body length of 54"-78" (1.4-2 m). A typical Lion weighs between 270-420 lb (120-190 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity).

Dimensions comparing the height and length of male and female Lions to humans
Lions are large felines with compact and powerful bodies for hunting. Characterized by their yellow-gold coats and prominent manes (on males), lions are the world’s most social cats and live in communities called prides. Lions inhabit a range of habitats from open plains, to savannas, and forests.

The average Lion has an overall height of 44"-50" (1.1-1.3 m), withers height of 34"-40" (.9-1.0 m), and body length of 54"-78" (1.4-2 m). A typical Lion weighs between 270-420 lb (120-190 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity).

Dimensions comparing the height and length of male and female Lions to humans
African Lion (Panthera leo leo)
Height:
44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
Width:
Length:
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
Depth:
Withers Height
34"-40" | .9-1.0 m
Weight:
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
Area:

Male
Length:
4’6”-6’6” | 1.4-2 m
Height (Shoulder): 3’4” | 1 m
Height (Overall): 4’2” | 1.3 m

Female:
Length: 4’6” | 1.4 m
Height (Shoulder): 2’10” | .9 m
Height (Overall): 3’8” | 1.1 m

Tail Length
Scientific Name
Panthera leo
Lifespan
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)

Drawings include:
Male and female Lion side (standing), front, side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

Downloads

2D Downloads

3D Downloads

Related Animals Collections
Animals