Big Cats popularly refers to the class of wild animals in the family Felidae, and more specifically the larger species in the genus Panthera. Initially, they consisted of the Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Jaguar but now include also the Cheetah, Clouded Leopard, Cougar, and Sunda Clouded Leopard.

Most big cats can be found in Africa, America, and Asia. These animals are normally large and muscular except for the Cheetah and also portray different behaviors both in the wild, in captivity, and conservatory parks. Big Cats also commonly sport a spotted skin and a skull or face that is flatted or evenly convex. The Lion, Leopard, Tiger, and Jaguar are the only big cats with the ability to roar.

Big Cats Guides
Browse through our curated Big Cats Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Big Cats. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)
African Lion
130.000
200.000
190.000
15.00
449000
3D
African Lion
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
3D
Asiatic Lion
34”-45” | 86-114 cm
5’3”-6’5” | 160-196 cm
220-650 lb | 100-295 kg
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Bengal Tiger
114.000
196.000
295.000
25.00
45000
3D
Bengal Tiger
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
3D
Caracal
Cheetah
185000
28”-35” | 70–90 cm
44”-59” | 112-150 cm
77-143 lb | 35-65 kg
10-12 years
Cheetah
90.000
150.000
65.000
10.00
185000
3D
Cheetah
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
27”-43” | 69-109 cm
25-50 lb | 11-23 kg
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)
Clouded Leopard
56.000
109.000
23.000
20.00
30000
3D
Clouded Leopard
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
3D
Cougar
Jaguar
407000
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
4’10”-6’ | 147-183 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Jaguar
79.000
183.000
113.000
25.00
407000
3D
Jaguar
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
22”-30” | 56-76 cm
6-20 lb | 3-9 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Jaguarundi
36.000
76.000
9.000
20.00
26000
3D
Jaguarundi
Margay
19000
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
18”-31” | 36-79 cm
5-9 lb | 2-4 kg
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)
Margay
43.000
79.000
4.000
24.00
19000
3D
Margay
Ocelot
137000
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Ocelot
51.000
102.000
18.000
20.00
137000
3D
Ocelot
Serval
78000
21”-26” | 53-66 cm
23”-36” | 58-91 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Serval
66.000
91.000
18.000
20.00
78000
3D
Serval
30”-42” | 75-107 cm
5’7”-6’10” | 170-208 cm
260-700 lb | 118-318 kg
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
Siberian Tiger
107.000
208.000
318.000
25.00
49000
3D
Siberian Tiger
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
Snow Leopard
66.000
130.000
54.000
22.00
121000
3D
Snow Leopard
Jaguarundi
Comparison illustration of the size of a Jaguarundi to a typical person

The Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) is a small wild cat inhabiting the brushy regions of the southwestern United States and South America. The Jaguarundi is also known as the eyra due to both names being used to represent and differentiate the two color varieties: reddish brown (jaguarundi) and grey (eyra).

Both colors are uniform and without any prominent spots or markings. It resembles that of an otter in appearance as its body is sleek and elongated with short ears and a long tail. Although the Jaguarundi typically lives alone, it is noted to withstand the presence of others of its kind.

Jaguarundis have a shoulder height between 10”-14” (25-36 cm), body length of 22”-30” (56-76 cm), and weight in the range of 6-20 lb (3-9 kg). The tail of a Jaguarundi is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Jaguarundis have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Jaguarundi
The Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) is a small wild cat inhabiting the brushy regions of the southwestern USA and South America. The Jaguarundi is also known as the eyra due to both names being used to represent and differentiate the two colors: reddish brown (jaguarundi) and grey (eyra).

Jaguarundis have a shoulder height between 10”-14” (25-36 cm), body length of 22”-30” (56-76 cm), and weight in the range of 6-20 lb (3-9 kg). The tail of a Jaguarundi is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Jaguarundis have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Jaguarundi
Jaguarundi
Height:
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
Width:
Length:
22”-30” | 56-76 cm
Depth:
Weight:
6-20 lb | 3-9 kg
Area:
Tail Length
12”-20" | 31-51 cm
Scientific Name
Herpailurus yagouaroundi
Lifespan
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Jaguarundi side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Cougar
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Cougar compared to an average person

The Cougar (Puma concolor), also known as puma, mountain lion, or catamount, is the second largest cat of the New World behind the Jaguar. Despite its large size, the cougar is considered more closely related to the domestic cat because of its inability to roar.

The Cougar has a slender body with a coat color spanning from sandy brown to a brownish-grey. It also has a round head and erect ears.Found in many habitats, the Cougar is one of the most widely-dispersed of any large land mammal. The range of its environment extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from northern Canada to South America. Solitary and nocturnal by nature, the Cougar is rarely spotted as it is wary of humans.

Cougars have a shoulder height between 21”-28” (53-71 cm), body length of 42”-54” (107-137 cm), and weight in the range of 65-200 lb (30-91 kg). The tail of a Cougar is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Cougars have a typical lifespan of 10-13 years and the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Cougar
The Cougar (Puma concolor), also known as puma, mountain lion, or catamount, is the second largest cat of the New World behind the Jaguar. Despite its large size, the cougar is considered more closely related to the domestic cat because of its inability to roar.

Cougars have a shoulder height between 21”-28” (53-71 cm), body length of 42”-54” (107-137 cm), and weight in the range of 65-200 lb (30-91 kg). The tail of a Cougar is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Cougars have a typical lifespan of 10-13 years and the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Cougar
Cougar
Height:
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
Width:
Length:
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
Depth:
Weight:
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
Area:
Tail Length
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
Scientific Name
Puma concolor
Lifespan
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Cougar side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting)

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Jaguar
Scale illustration of an average Jaguar with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Jaguar (Panthera onca) is the largest species of the New World cat family and the third largest in the world just behind the tiger and lion. Preferring to live in swamps and wooded areas, the largest population of jaguars is resides in the Amazon rainforest.

The Jaguar closely resembles the Leopard due to its fur color being either gold or black and its rosette pattern for camouflage, however the Jaguar is larger in build and has spots inside of its rosettes. The name ‘jaguar’ comes from the Indian ‘yaguar’ meaning, “he who kills with one leap.” Noted as an apex predator, the Jaguar stalks and jumps its prey and is known to be a skillful climber and swimmer.

Jaguars have a shoulder height between 27”-31” (69-79 cm), body length of 4’10”-6’ (147-183 cm), and weight in the range of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The tail of a Jaguar is 18”-32” (46-81 cm) in length. Jaguars have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-25 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Jaguar in various poses
The Jaguar (Panthera onca) is the largest species of the New World cat family and the third largest in the world just behind the tiger and lion. Preferring to live in swamps and wooded areas, the largest population of jaguars is resides in the Amazon rainforest.

Jaguars have a shoulder height between 27”-31” (69-79 cm), body length of 4’10”-6’ (147-183 cm), and weight in the range of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The tail of a Jaguar is 18”-32” (46-81 cm) in length. Jaguars have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-25 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Jaguar in various poses
Jaguar
Height:
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
Width:
Length:
4’10”-6’ | 147-183 cm
Depth:
Weight:
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
Area:
Tail Length
18”-32” | 46-81 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera onca
Lifespan
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Jaguar side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Caracal
Scale illustration of an average Caracal with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Caracal (Caracal caracal), also known as the Desert lynx, is a moderately sized wild cat found in the deserts and plains of Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. Like a Lynx, the Caracal has tufted ears but can be differentiated by its uniform reddish brown coat.

The Caracal also has distinctive black markings on its face: two stripes between the forehead and nose, a black outline around the mouth, and sometimes prominent eyebrow-like blotches. The Caracal is solitary and secretive, but has been trained and used for hunting throughout history.

Caracals have a shoulder height between 16”-20” (41-51 cm), body length of 24”-42” (61-107 cm), and weight in the range of 15-45 lb (7-20 kg). The tail of a Caracal is 9”-13” (23-33 cm) in length. Caracals have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and around 15-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Caracal in various poses
The Caracal (Caracal caracal), also known as the Desert lynx, is a moderately sized wild cat found in the deserts and plains of Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. Like a Lynx, the Caracal has tufted ears but can be differentiated by its uniform reddish brown coat.

Caracals have a shoulder height between 16”-20” (41-51 cm), body length of 24”-42” (61-107 cm), and weight in the range of 15-45 lb (7-20 kg). The tail of a Caracal is 9”-13” (23-33 cm) in length. Caracals have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and around 15-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Caracal in various poses
Caracal
Height:
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
Width:
Length:
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
Depth:
Weight:
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
Area:
Tail Length
9”-13” | 23-33 cm
Scientific Name
Caracal caracal
Lifespan
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Caracal side elevation (standing), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Asiatic Lion
Scale illustration of average male and female Asiatic Lions with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

A subspecies of lion, the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) finds its origins in the Middle East and India and inhabits the sanctuary of the Gir Forest National Park. Currently, the population of this subspecies is approximately 500 to 600 living animals.

Differences between the Asiatic lion and the African lion include: shape and bone development of the head, a more moderate mane that leaves the top of the head and the ears exposed, and color variations of tawny to a sandy hue. Male Asiatic lions are solitary, often forming loose prides while female Asiatic lions form stronger and more numbered prides with other female lions and their cubs.

Asiatic Lions have a shoulder height between 30”-46” (76-117 cm), body length of 4’7”-6’5” (1.4-2 m), and weight in the range of 265-500 lb (120-250 kg). The tail of an Asiatic Lion is 30”-40” (76-102 cm) in length. Asiatic Lions have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years in the wild and 18-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of male Asiatic Lions in various poses
A subspecies of lion, the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) finds its origins in the Middle East and India and inhabits the sanctuary of the Gir Forest National Park. Currently, the population of the Asiatic Lion subspecies is approximately 500 to 600 living animals on the planet.

Asiatic Lions have a shoulder height between 30”-46” (76-117 cm), body length of 4’7”-6’5” (1.4-2 m), and weight in the range of 265-500 lb (120-250 kg). The tail of an Asiatic Lion is 30”-40” (76-102 cm) in length. Asiatic Lions have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years in the wild and 18-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of male Asiatic Lions in various poses
Asiatic Lion
Height:
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
Width:
Length:
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
Depth:
Weight:
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
Area:

Male:

Height: 36”-46” | 91-117 cm

Length: 5’6”-6’5” | 1.68-2 m

Weight: 330-500 lb | 150-250 kg



Female:

Height: 30”-40” | 76-102 cm

Length: 4’7”-5’8” | 1.4-1.73 m

Weight: 265-408 lb | 120-185 kg

Tail Length
30”-40” | 76-102 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera leo leo
Lifespan
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Asiatic Lion male and female side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

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