Big Cats popularly refers to the class of wild animals in the family Felidae, and more specifically the larger species in the genus Panthera. Initially, they consisted of the Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Jaguar but now include also the Cheetah, Clouded Leopard, Cougar, and Sunda Clouded Leopard.

Most big cats can be found in Africa, America, and Asia. These animals are normally large and muscular except for the Cheetah and also portray different behaviors both in the wild, in captivity, and conservatory parks. Big Cats also commonly sport a spotted skin and a skull or face that is flatted or evenly convex. The Lion, Leopard, Tiger, and Jaguar are the only big cats with the ability to roar.

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Big Cats

Caracal
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
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Jaguarundi
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Serval
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Cougar
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Clouded Leopard
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)
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Ocelot
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
3D
Asiatic Lion
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
3D
Snow Leopard
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
3D
Margay
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)
3D
Siberian Tiger
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
3D
Bengal Tiger
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
3D
Jaguar
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
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African Lion
Comparison of the size of a male and female Lion seen from the front profile

African Lions are large felines with compact and powerful bodies for hunting prey. Characterized by their yellow-gold coats and prominent manes (on males), lions are the world’s most social cats and live in communities called prides. Lions inhabit a range of habitats from open plains, to grasslands, savannas, and forests.

The average Lion has an overall height of 44"-50" (1.1-1.3 m), withers height of 34"-40" (.9-1.0 m), and body length of 54"-78" (1.4-2 m). A typical Lion weighs between 270-420 lb (120-190 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity).

Dimensions comparing the height and length of male and female Lions to humans
Lions are large felines with compact and powerful bodies for hunting. Characterized by their yellow-gold coats and prominent manes (on males), lions are the world’s most social cats and live in communities called prides. Lions inhabit a range of habitats from open plains, to savannas, and forests.

The average Lion has an overall height of 44"-50" (1.1-1.3 m), withers height of 34"-40" (.9-1.0 m), and body length of 54"-78" (1.4-2 m). A typical Lion weighs between 270-420 lb (120-190 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity).

Dimensions comparing the height and length of male and female Lions to humans
African Lion
Height:
44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
Width:
Length:
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
Depth:
34"-40" | .9-1.0 m
Weight:
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
Area:

Male
Length:
4’6”-6’6” | 1.4-2 m
Height (Shoulder): 3’4” | 1 m
Height (Overall): 4’2” | 1.3 m

Female:
Length: 4’6” | 1.4 m
Height (Shoulder): 2’10” | .9 m
Height (Overall): 3’8” | 1.1 m

Tail Length
Scientific Name
Panthera leo
Lifespan
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)

Drawings include:
Male and female Lion side (standing), front, side (lying down)

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Siberian Tiger
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Siberian Tiger compared to an average person

The Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also known as the Amur tiger, is the largest subspecies of tiger originating from the Korean Peninsula, the north-eastern parts of China, and eastern Siberia. It has coarse fur in the summer and dense, silky fur in the winter, acclimating the Siberian Tiger to the extreme cold weather of its environment.

The color pattern of the Siberian Tiger is generally paler than that of big cats with narrow black stripes running along its body. Other physical attributes include short, stocky legs, a long tail, and a head similar in size to that of a lion. The Siberian Tiger is a powerful hunter known to travel great distances, capturing prey alone and with stealth.

Siberian Tigers have a shoulder height between 30”-42” (75-107 cm), body length of 5’7”-6’10” (170-208 cm), and weight in the range of 260-700 lb (118-318 kg). The tail of a Siberian Tiger is 35”-40” (89-102 cm) in length. Siberian Tigers have a typical lifespan of 10-15 years in the wild and 20-25 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Siberian Tiger
The Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also known as the Amur tiger, is the largest subspecies of tiger originating from the Korean Peninsula, the north-eastern parts of China, and eastern Siberia. It has coarse fur in the summer and dense, silky fur in the winter, acclimated to the extreme.

Siberian Tigers have a shoulder height between 30”-42” (75-107 cm), body length of 5’7”-6’10” (170-208 cm), and weight in the range of 260-700 lb (118-318 kg). The tail of a Siberian Tiger is 35”-40” (89-102 cm) in length. Siberian Tigers have a typical lifespan of 10-15 years in the wild and 20-25 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Siberian Tiger
Siberian Tiger
Height:
30”-42” | 75-107 cm
Width:
Length:
5’7”-6’10” | 170-208 cm
Depth:
Weight:
260-700 lb | 118-318 kg
Area:
Tail Length
35”-40” | 89-102 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera tigris tigris
Lifespan
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Siberian Tiger side elevation (standing), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Snow Leopard
Comparison illustration of the size of a Snow Leopard to a typical person

The Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as an ounce, is a large cat inhabiting the mountains of Central and South Asia. This stocky, short-legged cat is pale grey in color with dark spots and rosettes. Due to living in alpine environments, the Snow Leopard has many features or adaptations to provide warmth and stability.

It has broad paws for walking on snow, a dense undercoat for insulation, a long, bushy tail to cover its face when asleep and to maintain balance, and small ears to lessen heat loss. The Snow Leopard typically rest and reside by ridges in the mountains to ensure a vantage point as it prefers to ambush prey from up above.

Snow Leopards have a shoulder height between 22”-26” (56-66 cm), body length of 36”-51” (91-130 cm), and weight in the range of 75-120 lb (34-54 kg). The tail of a Snow Leopard is 31”-39” (79-99 cm) in length. Snow Leopards have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-22 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Snow Leopard
The Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as an ounce, is a large cat inhabiting the mountains of Central and South Asia. This stocky, short-legged cat is pale grey in color with dark spots and rosettes. Due to living in cold alpine environments, the Snow Leopard has many adaptive features.

Snow Leopards have a shoulder height between 22”-26” (56-66 cm), body length of 36”-51” (91-130 cm), and weight in the range of 75-120 lb (34-54 kg). The tail of a Snow Leopard is 31”-39” (79-99 cm) in length. Snow Leopards have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-22 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Snow Leopard
Snow Leopard
Height:
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
Width:
Length:
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
Depth:
Weight:
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
Area:
Tail Length
31”-39” | 79-99 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera uncia
Lifespan
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Snow Leopard side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Ocelot
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Ocelot compared to an average person

The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a spotted wild cat spanning from the southwestern United States to South America. It is larger in size than domestic cats but relatively small in comparison to the more well known big cats.

Its extensively marked fur is the Ocelot’s most distinguishable feature: black spots on the head and underside, stripes or bands on the neck and back, and splotches along the tail. The coat itself is short, smooth, and varying in color from a tawny cream to a reddish grey. The Ocelot is solitary and silent, easily adapting to disturbed habitats.

Ocelots have a shoulder height between 15”-20” (38-51 cm), body length of 27”-40” (69-102 cm), and weight in the range of 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). The tail of an Ocelot is 12”-18” (31-46 cm) in length. Ocelots have a typical lifespan of 12-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Ocelot
The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a spotted wild cat spanning from the southwestern United States to South America. It is larger in size than domestic cats but relatively small in comparison to the more well known big cats. Its extensively marked fur is the Ocelot’s most distinguishable feature.

Ocelots have a shoulder height between 15”-20” (38-51 cm), body length of 27”-40” (69-102 cm), and weight in the range of 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). The tail of an Ocelot is 12”-18” (31-46 cm) in length. Ocelots have a typical lifespan of 12-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Ocelot
Ocelot
Height:
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
Width:
Length:
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
Depth:
Weight:
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
Area:
Tail Length
12”-18” | 31-46 cm
Scientific Name
Leopardus pardalis
Lifespan
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Ocelot side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Bengal Tiger
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Bengal Tiger compared to an average person

The Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also known as the Royal Bengal tiger, is the national animal of India and Bangladesh. It is considered one of the biggest cats in size as well as population as the Bengal tiger makes up nearly half of the existing tiger population.

Its coat is light orange and features black stripes on its body and black rings on its tail. It also has a substantial set of teeth as its canines are recorded as the longest of all cats. The Bengal tiger leads a solitary life, maintaining only a basic social unit of the female and her cubs.

Bengal Tigers have a shoulder height between 34”-45” (86-114 cm), body length of 5’3”-6’5” (160-196 cm), and weight in the range of 220-650 lb (100-295 kg). The tail of a Bengal Tiger is 33”-43” (84-109 cm) in length. Bengal Tigers have a typical lifespan of 8-10 years in the wild and 18-25 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Bengal Tiger
The Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also known as the Royal Bengal tiger, is the national animal of India and Bangladesh. It is considered one of the biggest cats in size as well as population as the Bengal tiger makes up nearly half of the existing tiger population.

Bengal Tigers have a shoulder height between 34”-45” (86-114 cm), body length of 5’3”-6’5” (160-196 cm), and weight in the range of 220-650 lb (100-295 kg). The tail of a Bengal Tiger is 33”-43” (84-109 cm) in length. Bengal Tigers have a typical lifespan of 8-10 years in the wild and 18-25 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Bengal Tiger
Bengal Tiger
Height:
34”-45” | 86-114 cm
Width:
Length:
5’3”-6’5” | 160-196 cm
Depth:
Weight:
220-650 lb | 100-295 kg
Area:
Tail Length
33”-43” | 84-109 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera tigris tigris
Lifespan
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Bengal Tiger side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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