Big Cats popularly refers to the class of wild animals in the family Felidae, and more specifically the larger species in the genus Panthera. Initially, they consisted of the Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Jaguar but now include also the Cheetah, Clouded Leopard, Cougar, and Sunda Clouded Leopard.

Most big cats can be found in Africa, America, and Asia. These animals are normally large and muscular except for the Cheetah and also portray different behaviors both in the wild, in captivity, and conservatory parks. Big Cats also commonly sport a spotted skin and a skull or face that is flatted or evenly convex. The Lion, Leopard, Tiger, and Jaguar are the only big cats with the ability to roar.

Big Cats

Caracal
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
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Jaguarundi
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Serval
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Cougar
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Clouded Leopard
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)
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Ocelot
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Asiatic Lion
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
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Snow Leopard
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
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Margay
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)
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Siberian Tiger
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
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Bengal Tiger
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
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Jaguar
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
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Margay
Scale illustration of an average Margay with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Margay (Leopardus wiedii), also known as the tiger cat, is a small cat native to South and Central America. Its primary habitat is the deciduous forest where it prefers to spend most of its time among the trees. As such, the Margay is a talented climber that has the ability to climb down trees head-first—a skill only shared with the Clouded Leopard.

The Margay has large eyes, round ears, brown fur with brownish-black rosettes, and claws that increase its tree climbing capabilities. It is similar in appearance to an ocelot although it has a more distinct face and longer tail.

Margays have a shoulder height between 12”-17” (31-43 cm), body length of 18”-31” (36-79 cm), and weight in the range of 5-9 lb (2-4 kg). The tail of a Margay is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Margays have a typical lifespan of 12-14 years wild and up to 24 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Margay in various poses
The Margay (Leopardus wiedii), also known as the tiger cat, is a small cat native to South & Central America. Its lives in the deciduous forest where it prefers to spend most of its time among the trees. As such, the Margay is a talented climber with the ability to climb down trees head first.

Margays have a shoulder height between 12”-17” (31-43 cm), body length of 18”-31” (36-79 cm), and weight in the range of 5-9 lb (2-4 kg). The tail of a Margay is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Margays have a typical lifespan of 12-14 years wild and up to 24 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Margay in various poses
Margay
Height:
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
Width:
Length:
18”-31” | 36-79 cm
Depth:
Weight:
5-9 lb | 2-4 kg
Area:
Tail Length
12”-20" | 31-51 cm
Scientific Name
Leopardus wiedii
Lifespan
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Margay side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Clouded Leopard
Comparison illustration of the size of a Clouded Leopard to a typical person

The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), also called the mainland clouded leopard or clouded tiger, is a wild cat inhabiting the Himalayan foothills, Southeast Asia, and southern parts of China. The Clouded Leopard has a grayish brown coat made distinctive with black and dark grey blotches, spots, and patches.

These notable and extensive markings are irregular in shape and size and suggest the reason for its name. Known as one of the most skillful climbers among the cats, the Clouded Leopard has longer hind limbs than its front which aid in its jumping and leaping abilities. As such, the Clouded Leopard often resides in the trees until night falls when it will jump to the ground to hunt.

Clouded Leopards have a shoulder height between 18”-22” (46-56 cm), body length of 27”-43” (69-109 cm), and weight in the range of 25-50 lb (11-23 kg). The tail of a Clouded Leopard is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Clouded Leopards have a typical lifespan of 11-15 years in the wild and 17-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Clouded Leopard
The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), also called the mainland clouded leopard or clouded tiger, is a wild cat inhabiting the Himalayan foothills, Southeast Asia, and southern parts of China. The Clouded Leopard has a grayish brown coat made distinctive with black and dark grey spots.

Clouded Leopards have a shoulder height between 18”-22” (46-56 cm), body length of 27”-43” (69-109 cm), and weight in the range of 25-50 lb (11-23 kg). The tail of a Clouded Leopard is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Clouded Leopards have a typical lifespan of 11-15 years in the wild and 17-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Clouded Leopard
Clouded Leopard
Height:
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
Width:
Length:
27”-43” | 69-109 cm
Depth:
Weight:
25-50 lb | 11-23 kg
Area:
Tail Length
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
Scientific Name
Neofelis nebulosa
Lifespan
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Clouded Leopard side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting)

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African Lion
Comparison of the size of a male and female Lion seen from the front profile

African Lions are large felines with compact and powerful bodies for hunting prey. Characterized by their yellow-gold coats and prominent manes (on males), lions are the world’s most social cats and live in communities called prides. Lions inhabit a range of habitats from open plains, to grasslands, savannas, and forests.

The average Lion has an overall height of 44"-50" (1.1-1.3 m), withers height of 34"-40" (.9-1.0 m), and body length of 54"-78" (1.4-2 m). A typical Lion weighs between 270-420 lb (120-190 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity).

Dimensions comparing the height and length of male and female Lions to humans
Lions are large felines with compact and powerful bodies for hunting. Characterized by their yellow-gold coats and prominent manes (on males), lions are the world’s most social cats and live in communities called prides. Lions inhabit a range of habitats from open plains, to savannas, and forests.

The average Lion has an overall height of 44"-50" (1.1-1.3 m), withers height of 34"-40" (.9-1.0 m), and body length of 54"-78" (1.4-2 m). A typical Lion weighs between 270-420 lb (120-190 kg) and has a lifespan of roughly 10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity).

Dimensions comparing the height and length of male and female Lions to humans
African Lion
Height:
44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
Width:
Length:
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
Depth:
34"-40" | .9-1.0 m
Weight:
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
Area:

Male
Length:
4’6”-6’6” | 1.4-2 m
Height (Shoulder): 3’4” | 1 m
Height (Overall): 4’2” | 1.3 m

Female:
Length: 4’6” | 1.4 m
Height (Shoulder): 2’10” | .9 m
Height (Overall): 3’8” | 1.1 m

Tail Length
Scientific Name
Panthera leo
Lifespan
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)

Drawings include:
Male and female Lion side (standing), front, side (lying down)

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Serval
Comparison illustration of the size of a Serval to a typical person

The Serval (Leptailurus serval) is a slender, medium-sized cat native to Africa. It inhabits semi-arid regions near the Mediterranean Sea and avoids rainforests. Servals have a small head, large ears, and a yellow to red-brown coat with spots and stripes.

The black markings are extensive and vary in size along its body. Relative to its body size, the Serval has the longest legs of any cat—with long toes as well. The Serval is solitary and remains active throughout the day as well as at night.

Servals have a shoulder height between 21”-26” (53-66 cm), body length of 23”-36” (58-91 cm), and weight in the range of 15-40 lb (7-18 kg). The tail of a Serval is 8”-16” (20-41 cm) in length. Servals have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Serval
The Serval (Leptailurus serval) is a slender, medium-sized cat native to Africa. It inhabits semi-arid regions near the Mediterranean Sea and avoids rainforests. Servals have a small head, large ears, and a yellow to red-brown coat with spots and stripes.

Servals have a shoulder height between 21”-26” (53-66 cm), body length of 23”-36” (58-91 cm), and weight in the range of 15-40 lb (7-18 kg). The tail of a Serval is 8”-16” (20-41 cm) in length. Servals have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Serval
Serval
Height:
21”-26” | 53-66 cm
Width:
Length:
23”-36” | 58-91 cm
Depth:
Weight:
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
Area:
Tail Length
8”-16” | 20-41 cm
Scientific Name
Leptailurus serval
Lifespan
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Serval side elevation (standing), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Asiatic Lion
Scale illustration of average male and female Asiatic Lions with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

A subspecies of lion, the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) finds its origins in the Middle East and India and inhabits the sanctuary of the Gir Forest National Park. Currently, the population of this subspecies is approximately 500 to 600 living animals.

Differences between the Asiatic lion and the African lion include: shape and bone development of the head, a more moderate mane that leaves the top of the head and the ears exposed, and color variations of tawny to a sandy hue. Male Asiatic lions are solitary, often forming loose prides while female Asiatic lions form stronger and more numbered prides with other female lions and their cubs.

Asiatic Lions have a shoulder height between 30”-46” (76-117 cm), body length of 4’7”-6’5” (1.4-2 m), and weight in the range of 265-500 lb (120-250 kg). The tail of an Asiatic Lion is 30”-40” (76-102 cm) in length. Asiatic Lions have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years in the wild and 18-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of male Asiatic Lions in various poses
A subspecies of lion, the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) finds its origins in the Middle East and India and inhabits the sanctuary of the Gir Forest National Park. Currently, the population of the Asiatic Lion subspecies is approximately 500 to 600 living animals on the planet.

Asiatic Lions have a shoulder height between 30”-46” (76-117 cm), body length of 4’7”-6’5” (1.4-2 m), and weight in the range of 265-500 lb (120-250 kg). The tail of an Asiatic Lion is 30”-40” (76-102 cm) in length. Asiatic Lions have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years in the wild and 18-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of male Asiatic Lions in various poses
Asiatic Lion
Height:
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
Width:
Length:
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
Depth:
Weight:
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
Area:

Male:

Height: 36”-46” | 91-117 cm

Length: 5’6”-6’5” | 1.68-2 m

Weight: 330-500 lb | 150-250 kg



Female:

Height: 30”-40” | 76-102 cm

Length: 4’7”-5’8” | 1.4-1.73 m

Weight: 265-408 lb | 120-185 kg

Tail Length
30”-40” | 76-102 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera leo leo
Lifespan
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Asiatic Lion male and female side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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