Big Cats popularly refers to the class of wild animals in the family Felidae, and more specifically the larger species in the genus Panthera. Initially, they consisted of the Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Jaguar but now include also the Cheetah, Clouded Leopard, Cougar, and Sunda Clouded Leopard.

Most big cats can be found in Africa, America, and Asia. These animals are normally large and muscular except for the Cheetah and also portray different behaviors both in the wild, in captivity, and conservatory parks. Big Cats also commonly sport a spotted skin and a skull or face that is flatted or evenly convex. The Lion, Leopard, Tiger, and Jaguar are the only big cats with the ability to roar.

Big Cats Guides
Browse through our curated Big Cats Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Big Cats. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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44"-50" | 1.1-1.3 m
54"-78" | 1.4-2 m
270-420 lb | 120-190 kg
10-15 years (wild), 30 (captivity)
African Lion
130.000
200.000
190.000
15.00
449000
3D
African Lion
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
Asiatic Lion
117.000
200.000
250.000
20.00
7400
3D
Asiatic Lion
34”-45” | 86-114 cm
5’3”-6’5” | 160-196 cm
220-650 lb | 100-295 kg
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Bengal Tiger
114.000
196.000
295.000
25.00
45000
3D
Bengal Tiger
Caracal
81000
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
Caracal
51.000
107.000
20.000
20.00
81000
3D
Caracal
Cheetah
185000
28”-35” | 70–90 cm
44”-59” | 112-150 cm
77-143 lb | 35-65 kg
10-12 years
Cheetah
90.000
150.000
65.000
10.00
185000
3D
Cheetah
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
27”-43” | 69-109 cm
25-50 lb | 11-23 kg
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)
Clouded Leopard
56.000
109.000
23.000
20.00
30000
3D
Clouded Leopard
Cougar
150000
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Cougar
71.000
137.000
91.000
20.00
150000
3D
Cougar
Jaguar
407000
27”-31” | 69-79 cm
4’10”-6’ | 147-183 cm
80-250 lb | 36-113 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
Jaguar
79.000
183.000
113.000
25.00
407000
3D
Jaguar
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
22”-30” | 56-76 cm
6-20 lb | 3-9 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Jaguarundi
36.000
76.000
9.000
20.00
26000
3D
Jaguarundi
Margay
19000
12”-17” | 31-43 cm
18”-31” | 36-79 cm
5-9 lb | 2-4 kg
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)
Margay
43.000
79.000
4.000
24.00
19000
3D
Margay
Ocelot
137000
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Ocelot
51.000
102.000
18.000
20.00
137000
3D
Ocelot
Serval
78000
21”-26” | 53-66 cm
23”-36” | 58-91 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
Serval
66.000
91.000
18.000
20.00
78000
3D
Serval
30”-42” | 75-107 cm
5’7”-6’10” | 170-208 cm
260-700 lb | 118-318 kg
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
Siberian Tiger
107.000
208.000
318.000
25.00
49000
3D
Siberian Tiger
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
Snow Leopard
66.000
130.000
54.000
22.00
121000
3D
Snow Leopard
Snow Leopard
Comparison illustration of the size of a Snow Leopard to a typical person

The Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as an ounce, is a large cat inhabiting the mountains of Central and South Asia. This stocky, short-legged cat is pale grey in color with dark spots and rosettes. Due to living in alpine environments, the Snow Leopard has many features or adaptations to provide warmth and stability.

It has broad paws for walking on snow, a dense undercoat for insulation, a long, bushy tail to cover its face when asleep and to maintain balance, and small ears to lessen heat loss. The Snow Leopard typically rest and reside by ridges in the mountains to ensure a vantage point as it prefers to ambush prey from up above.

Snow Leopards have a shoulder height between 22”-26” (56-66 cm), body length of 36”-51” (91-130 cm), and weight in the range of 75-120 lb (34-54 kg). The tail of a Snow Leopard is 31”-39” (79-99 cm) in length. Snow Leopards have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-22 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Snow Leopard
The Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as an ounce, is a large cat inhabiting the mountains of Central and South Asia. This stocky, short-legged cat is pale grey in color with dark spots and rosettes. Due to living in cold alpine environments, the Snow Leopard has many adaptive features.

Snow Leopards have a shoulder height between 22”-26” (56-66 cm), body length of 36”-51” (91-130 cm), and weight in the range of 75-120 lb (34-54 kg). The tail of a Snow Leopard is 31”-39” (79-99 cm) in length. Snow Leopards have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-22 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Snow Leopard
Snow Leopard
Height:
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
Width:
Length:
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
Depth:
Weight:
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
Area:
Tail Length
31”-39” | 79-99 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera uncia
Lifespan
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Snow Leopard side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Ocelot
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Ocelot compared to an average person

The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a spotted wild cat spanning from the southwestern United States to South America. It is larger in size than domestic cats but relatively small in comparison to the more well known big cats.

Its extensively marked fur is the Ocelot’s most distinguishable feature: black spots on the head and underside, stripes or bands on the neck and back, and splotches along the tail. The coat itself is short, smooth, and varying in color from a tawny cream to a reddish grey. The Ocelot is solitary and silent, easily adapting to disturbed habitats.

Ocelots have a shoulder height between 15”-20” (38-51 cm), body length of 27”-40” (69-102 cm), and weight in the range of 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). The tail of an Ocelot is 12”-18” (31-46 cm) in length. Ocelots have a typical lifespan of 12-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Ocelot
The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a spotted wild cat spanning from the southwestern United States to South America. It is larger in size than domestic cats but relatively small in comparison to the more well known big cats. Its extensively marked fur is the Ocelot’s most distinguishable feature.

Ocelots have a shoulder height between 15”-20” (38-51 cm), body length of 27”-40” (69-102 cm), and weight in the range of 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). The tail of an Ocelot is 12”-18” (31-46 cm) in length. Ocelots have a typical lifespan of 12-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Ocelot
Ocelot
Height:
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
Width:
Length:
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
Depth:
Weight:
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
Area:
Tail Length
12”-18” | 31-46 cm
Scientific Name
Leopardus pardalis
Lifespan
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Ocelot side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Cheetah
Illustration with dimensions comparing the size of an average Cheetah to a human man

Cheetahs are big cats famed for being the world’s fastest land mammals. Characterized by their slender bodies, distinctive spotted coats, long thin legs, deep chests and small heads, cheetahs are talented daytime hunters that chase gazelles with bursts of speed that can go from 0-60 mph | 27 km/h in three seconds.

The typical Cheetah has an overall height of 28”-35” (70–90 cm) and body length of 44”-59” (112-150 cm). An average Cheetah weighs between 77-143 lb (35-65 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 10-12 years.

Collection of drawings of Cheetahs sitting in various poses that include sitting, front and back profiles, and lying down
Cheetahs are big cats famed for being the world’s fastest land mammals. With slender bodies, spotted coats, and long thin legs, cheetahs are talented hunters with bursts of speed from 0-60 mph | 27 km/h.

The typical Cheetah has an overall height of 28”-35” (70–90 cm) and body length of 44”-59” (112-150 cm). An average Cheetah weighs between 77-143 lb (35-65 kg) and has a typical lifespan of 10-12 years.

Collection of drawings of Cheetahs sitting in various poses that include sitting, front and back profiles, and lying down
Cheetah
Height:
28”-35” | 70–90 cm
Width:
Length:
44”-59” | 112-150 cm
Depth:
Weight:
77-143 lb | 35-65 kg
Area:


Tail Length
Scientific Name
Acinonyx jubatus
Lifespan
10-12 years

Drawings include:
Cheetah side profile (standing), side (sitting), front, back, side (lying down)

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Asiatic Lion
Scale illustration of average male and female Asiatic Lions with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

A subspecies of lion, the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) finds its origins in the Middle East and India and inhabits the sanctuary of the Gir Forest National Park. Currently, the population of this subspecies is approximately 500 to 600 living animals.

Differences between the Asiatic lion and the African lion include: shape and bone development of the head, a more moderate mane that leaves the top of the head and the ears exposed, and color variations of tawny to a sandy hue. Male Asiatic lions are solitary, often forming loose prides while female Asiatic lions form stronger and more numbered prides with other female lions and their cubs.

Asiatic Lions have a shoulder height between 30”-46” (76-117 cm), body length of 4’7”-6’5” (1.4-2 m), and weight in the range of 265-500 lb (120-250 kg). The tail of an Asiatic Lion is 30”-40” (76-102 cm) in length. Asiatic Lions have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years in the wild and 18-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of male Asiatic Lions in various poses
A subspecies of lion, the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) finds its origins in the Middle East and India and inhabits the sanctuary of the Gir Forest National Park. Currently, the population of the Asiatic Lion subspecies is approximately 500 to 600 living animals on the planet.

Asiatic Lions have a shoulder height between 30”-46” (76-117 cm), body length of 4’7”-6’5” (1.4-2 m), and weight in the range of 265-500 lb (120-250 kg). The tail of an Asiatic Lion is 30”-40” (76-102 cm) in length. Asiatic Lions have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years in the wild and 18-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of male Asiatic Lions in various poses
Asiatic Lion
Height:
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
Width:
Length:
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
Depth:
Weight:
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
Area:

Male:

Height: 36”-46” | 91-117 cm

Length: 5’6”-6’5” | 1.68-2 m

Weight: 330-500 lb | 150-250 kg



Female:

Height: 30”-40” | 76-102 cm

Length: 4’7”-5’8” | 1.4-1.73 m

Weight: 265-408 lb | 120-185 kg

Tail Length
30”-40” | 76-102 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera leo leo
Lifespan
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Asiatic Lion male and female side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

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Caracal
Scale illustration of an average Caracal with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

The Caracal (Caracal caracal), also known as the Desert lynx, is a moderately sized wild cat found in the deserts and plains of Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. Like a Lynx, the Caracal has tufted ears but can be differentiated by its uniform reddish brown coat.

The Caracal also has distinctive black markings on its face: two stripes between the forehead and nose, a black outline around the mouth, and sometimes prominent eyebrow-like blotches. The Caracal is solitary and secretive, but has been trained and used for hunting throughout history.

Caracals have a shoulder height between 16”-20” (41-51 cm), body length of 24”-42” (61-107 cm), and weight in the range of 15-45 lb (7-20 kg). The tail of a Caracal is 9”-13” (23-33 cm) in length. Caracals have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and around 15-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Caracal in various poses
The Caracal (Caracal caracal), also known as the Desert lynx, is a moderately sized wild cat found in the deserts and plains of Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia, and India. Like a Lynx, the Caracal has tufted ears but can be differentiated by its uniform reddish brown coat.

Caracals have a shoulder height between 16”-20” (41-51 cm), body length of 24”-42” (61-107 cm), and weight in the range of 15-45 lb (7-20 kg). The tail of a Caracal is 9”-13” (23-33 cm) in length. Caracals have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and around 15-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of Caracal in various poses
Caracal
Height:
16”-20” | 41-51 cm
Width:
Length:
24”-42” | 61-107 cm
Depth:
Weight:
15-45 lb | 7-20 kg
Area:
Tail Length
9”-13” | 23-33 cm
Scientific Name
Caracal caracal
Lifespan
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Caracal side elevation (standing), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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