Big Cats popularly refers to the class of wild animals in the family Felidae, and more specifically the larger species in the genus Panthera. Initially, they consisted of the Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Jaguar but now include also the Cheetah, Clouded Leopard, Cougar, and Sunda Clouded Leopard.

Most big cats can be found in Africa, America, and Asia. These animals are normally large and muscular except for the Cheetah and also portray different behaviors both in the wild, in captivity, and conservatory parks. Big Cats also commonly sport a spotted skin and a skull or face that is flatted or evenly convex. The Lion, Leopard, Tiger, and Jaguar are the only big cats with the ability to roar.

Big Cats

Caracal
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
3D
Jaguarundi
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
3D
Serval
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
3D
Cougar
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
3D
Clouded Leopard
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)
3D
Ocelot
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
3D
Asiatic Lion
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
3D
Snow Leopard
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
3D
Margay
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)
3D
Siberian Tiger
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
3D
Bengal Tiger
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
3D
Jaguar
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
3D

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Snow Leopard
Comparison illustration of the size of a Snow Leopard to a typical person

The Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as an ounce, is a large cat inhabiting the mountains of Central and South Asia. This stocky, short-legged cat is pale grey in color with dark spots and rosettes. Due to living in alpine environments, the Snow Leopard has many features or adaptations to provide warmth and stability.

It has broad paws for walking on snow, a dense undercoat for insulation, a long, bushy tail to cover its face when asleep and to maintain balance, and small ears to lessen heat loss. The Snow Leopard typically rest and reside by ridges in the mountains to ensure a vantage point as it prefers to ambush prey from up above.

Snow Leopards have a shoulder height between 22”-26” (56-66 cm), body length of 36”-51” (91-130 cm), and weight in the range of 75-120 lb (34-54 kg). The tail of a Snow Leopard is 31”-39” (79-99 cm) in length. Snow Leopards have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-22 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Snow Leopard
The Snow Leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as an ounce, is a large cat inhabiting the mountains of Central and South Asia. This stocky, short-legged cat is pale grey in color with dark spots and rosettes. Due to living in cold alpine environments, the Snow Leopard has many adaptive features.

Snow Leopards have a shoulder height between 22”-26” (56-66 cm), body length of 36”-51” (91-130 cm), and weight in the range of 75-120 lb (34-54 kg). The tail of a Snow Leopard is 31”-39” (79-99 cm) in length. Snow Leopards have a typical lifespan of 8-15 years in the wild and up to 18-22 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Snow Leopard
Snow Leopard
Height:
22”-26” | 56-66 cm
Width:
Length:
36”-51” | 91-130 cm
Depth:
Weight:
75-120 lb | 34-54 kg
Area:
Tail Length
31”-39” | 79-99 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera uncia
Lifespan
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Snow Leopard side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Ocelot
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Ocelot compared to an average person

The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a spotted wild cat spanning from the southwestern United States to South America. It is larger in size than domestic cats but relatively small in comparison to the more well known big cats.

Its extensively marked fur is the Ocelot’s most distinguishable feature: black spots on the head and underside, stripes or bands on the neck and back, and splotches along the tail. The coat itself is short, smooth, and varying in color from a tawny cream to a reddish grey. The Ocelot is solitary and silent, easily adapting to disturbed habitats.

Ocelots have a shoulder height between 15”-20” (38-51 cm), body length of 27”-40” (69-102 cm), and weight in the range of 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). The tail of an Ocelot is 12”-18” (31-46 cm) in length. Ocelots have a typical lifespan of 12-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Ocelot
The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a spotted wild cat spanning from the southwestern United States to South America. It is larger in size than domestic cats but relatively small in comparison to the more well known big cats. Its extensively marked fur is the Ocelot’s most distinguishable feature.

Ocelots have a shoulder height between 15”-20” (38-51 cm), body length of 27”-40” (69-102 cm), and weight in the range of 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). The tail of an Ocelot is 12”-18” (31-46 cm) in length. Ocelots have a typical lifespan of 12-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Ocelot
Ocelot
Height:
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
Width:
Length:
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
Depth:
Weight:
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
Area:
Tail Length
12”-18” | 31-46 cm
Scientific Name
Leopardus pardalis
Lifespan
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Ocelot side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Jaguarundi
Comparison illustration of the size of a Jaguarundi to a typical person

The Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) is a small wild cat inhabiting the brushy regions of the southwestern United States and South America. The Jaguarundi is also known as the eyra due to both names being used to represent and differentiate the two color varieties: reddish brown (jaguarundi) and grey (eyra).

Both colors are uniform and without any prominent spots or markings. It resembles that of an otter in appearance as its body is sleek and elongated with short ears and a long tail. Although the Jaguarundi typically lives alone, it is noted to withstand the presence of others of its kind.

Jaguarundis have a shoulder height between 10”-14” (25-36 cm), body length of 22”-30” (56-76 cm), and weight in the range of 6-20 lb (3-9 kg). The tail of a Jaguarundi is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Jaguarundis have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Jaguarundi
The Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) is a small wild cat inhabiting the brushy regions of the southwestern USA and South America. The Jaguarundi is also known as the eyra due to both names being used to represent and differentiate the two colors: reddish brown (jaguarundi) and grey (eyra).

Jaguarundis have a shoulder height between 10”-14” (25-36 cm), body length of 22”-30” (56-76 cm), and weight in the range of 6-20 lb (3-9 kg). The tail of a Jaguarundi is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Jaguarundis have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Jaguarundi
Jaguarundi
Height:
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
Width:
Length:
22”-30” | 56-76 cm
Depth:
Weight:
6-20 lb | 3-9 kg
Area:
Tail Length
12”-20" | 31-51 cm
Scientific Name
Herpailurus yagouaroundi
Lifespan
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Jaguarundi side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Clouded Leopard
Comparison illustration of the size of a Clouded Leopard to a typical person

The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), also called the mainland clouded leopard or clouded tiger, is a wild cat inhabiting the Himalayan foothills, Southeast Asia, and southern parts of China. The Clouded Leopard has a grayish brown coat made distinctive with black and dark grey blotches, spots, and patches.

These notable and extensive markings are irregular in shape and size and suggest the reason for its name. Known as one of the most skillful climbers among the cats, the Clouded Leopard has longer hind limbs than its front which aid in its jumping and leaping abilities. As such, the Clouded Leopard often resides in the trees until night falls when it will jump to the ground to hunt.

Clouded Leopards have a shoulder height between 18”-22” (46-56 cm), body length of 27”-43” (69-109 cm), and weight in the range of 25-50 lb (11-23 kg). The tail of a Clouded Leopard is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Clouded Leopards have a typical lifespan of 11-15 years in the wild and 17-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Clouded Leopard
The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), also called the mainland clouded leopard or clouded tiger, is a wild cat inhabiting the Himalayan foothills, Southeast Asia, and southern parts of China. The Clouded Leopard has a grayish brown coat made distinctive with black and dark grey spots.

Clouded Leopards have a shoulder height between 18”-22” (46-56 cm), body length of 27”-43” (69-109 cm), and weight in the range of 25-50 lb (11-23 kg). The tail of a Clouded Leopard is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Clouded Leopards have a typical lifespan of 11-15 years in the wild and 17-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Clouded Leopard
Clouded Leopard
Height:
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
Width:
Length:
27”-43” | 69-109 cm
Depth:
Weight:
25-50 lb | 11-23 kg
Area:
Tail Length
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
Scientific Name
Neofelis nebulosa
Lifespan
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Clouded Leopard side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting)

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Cougar
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Cougar compared to an average person

The Cougar (Puma concolor), also known as puma, mountain lion, or catamount, is the second largest cat of the New World behind the Jaguar. Despite its large size, the cougar is considered more closely related to the domestic cat because of its inability to roar.

The Cougar has a slender body with a coat color spanning from sandy brown to a brownish-grey. It also has a round head and erect ears.Found in many habitats, the Cougar is one of the most widely-dispersed of any large land mammal. The range of its environment extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from northern Canada to South America. Solitary and nocturnal by nature, the Cougar is rarely spotted as it is wary of humans.

Cougars have a shoulder height between 21”-28” (53-71 cm), body length of 42”-54” (107-137 cm), and weight in the range of 65-200 lb (30-91 kg). The tail of a Cougar is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Cougars have a typical lifespan of 10-13 years and the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Cougar
The Cougar (Puma concolor), also known as puma, mountain lion, or catamount, is the second largest cat of the New World behind the Jaguar. Despite its large size, the cougar is considered more closely related to the domestic cat because of its inability to roar.

Cougars have a shoulder height between 21”-28” (53-71 cm), body length of 42”-54” (107-137 cm), and weight in the range of 65-200 lb (30-91 kg). The tail of a Cougar is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Cougars have a typical lifespan of 10-13 years and the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Cougar
Cougar
Height:
21”-28” | 53-71 cm
Width:
Length:
42”-54” | 107-137 cm
Depth:
Weight:
65-200 lb | 30-91 kg
Area:
Tail Length
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
Scientific Name
Puma concolor
Lifespan
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Cougar side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting)

Details & Downloads

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