Big Cats popularly refers to the class of wild animals in the family Felidae, and more specifically the larger species in the genus Panthera. Initially, they consisted of the Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Snow Leopard, and Jaguar but now include also the Cheetah, Clouded Leopard, Cougar, and Sunda Clouded Leopard.

Most big cats can be found in Africa, America, and Asia. These animals are normally large and muscular except for the Cheetah and also portray different behaviors both in the wild, in captivity, and conservatory parks. Big Cats also commonly sport a spotted skin and a skull or face that is flatted or evenly convex. The Lion, Leopard, Tiger, and Jaguar are the only big cats with the ability to roar.

Big Cats

Caracal
10-12 years (wild); 15-20 years (captivity)
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Jaguarundi
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Serval
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Cougar
10-13 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Clouded Leopard
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)
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Ocelot
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)
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Asiatic Lion
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)
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Snow Leopard
8-15 years (wild); 18-22 years (captivity)
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Margay
12-14 years (wild); Up to 24 years (captivity)
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Siberian Tiger
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)
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Bengal Tiger
8-10 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
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Jaguar
8-15 years (wild); 18-25 years (captivity)
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Siberian Tiger
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Siberian Tiger compared to an average person

The Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also known as the Amur tiger, is the largest subspecies of tiger originating from the Korean Peninsula, the north-eastern parts of China, and eastern Siberia. It has coarse fur in the summer and dense, silky fur in the winter, acclimating the Siberian Tiger to the extreme cold weather of its environment.

The color pattern of the Siberian Tiger is generally paler than that of big cats with narrow black stripes running along its body. Other physical attributes include short, stocky legs, a long tail, and a head similar in size to that of a lion. The Siberian Tiger is a powerful hunter known to travel great distances, capturing prey alone and with stealth.

Siberian Tigers have a shoulder height between 30”-42” (75-107 cm), body length of 5’7”-6’10” (170-208 cm), and weight in the range of 260-700 lb (118-318 kg). The tail of a Siberian Tiger is 35”-40” (89-102 cm) in length. Siberian Tigers have a typical lifespan of 10-15 years in the wild and 20-25 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Siberian Tiger
The Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris), also known as the Amur tiger, is the largest subspecies of tiger originating from the Korean Peninsula, the north-eastern parts of China, and eastern Siberia. It has coarse fur in the summer and dense, silky fur in the winter, acclimated to the extreme.

Siberian Tigers have a shoulder height between 30”-42” (75-107 cm), body length of 5’7”-6’10” (170-208 cm), and weight in the range of 260-700 lb (118-318 kg). The tail of a Siberian Tiger is 35”-40” (89-102 cm) in length. Siberian Tigers have a typical lifespan of 10-15 years in the wild and 20-25 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Siberian Tiger
Siberian Tiger
Height:
30”-42” | 75-107 cm
Width:
Length:
5’7”-6’10” | 170-208 cm
Depth:
Weight:
260-700 lb | 118-318 kg
Area:
Tail Length
35”-40” | 89-102 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera tigris tigris
Lifespan
10-15 years (wild); 20-25 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Siberian Tiger side elevation (standing), side (sitting), side (lying down)

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Asiatic Lion
Scale illustration of average male and female Asiatic Lions with dimensions for height and length compared to a human

A subspecies of lion, the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) finds its origins in the Middle East and India and inhabits the sanctuary of the Gir Forest National Park. Currently, the population of this subspecies is approximately 500 to 600 living animals.

Differences between the Asiatic lion and the African lion include: shape and bone development of the head, a more moderate mane that leaves the top of the head and the ears exposed, and color variations of tawny to a sandy hue. Male Asiatic lions are solitary, often forming loose prides while female Asiatic lions form stronger and more numbered prides with other female lions and their cubs.

Asiatic Lions have a shoulder height between 30”-46” (76-117 cm), body length of 4’7”-6’5” (1.4-2 m), and weight in the range of 265-500 lb (120-250 kg). The tail of an Asiatic Lion is 30”-40” (76-102 cm) in length. Asiatic Lions have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years in the wild and 18-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of male Asiatic Lions in various poses
A subspecies of lion, the Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo leo) finds its origins in the Middle East and India and inhabits the sanctuary of the Gir Forest National Park. Currently, the population of the Asiatic Lion subspecies is approximately 500 to 600 living animals on the planet.

Asiatic Lions have a shoulder height between 30”-46” (76-117 cm), body length of 4’7”-6’5” (1.4-2 m), and weight in the range of 265-500 lb (120-250 kg). The tail of an Asiatic Lion is 30”-40” (76-102 cm) in length. Asiatic Lions have a typical lifespan of 12-18 years in the wild and 18-20 years in captivity.

Collection of scaled drawings of male Asiatic Lions in various poses
Asiatic Lion
Height:
30”-46” | 76-117 cm
Width:
Length:
4’7”-6’5” | 1.4-2 m
Depth:
Weight:
265-500 lb | 120-250 kg
Area:

Male:

Height: 36”-46” | 91-117 cm

Length: 5’6”-6’5” | 1.68-2 m

Weight: 330-500 lb | 150-250 kg



Female:

Height: 30”-40” | 76-102 cm

Length: 4’7”-5’8” | 1.4-1.73 m

Weight: 265-408 lb | 120-185 kg

Tail Length
30”-40” | 76-102 cm
Scientific Name
Panthera leo leo
Lifespan
12-18 years (wild); 18-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Asiatic Lion male and female side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (lying down)

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Jaguarundi
Comparison illustration of the size of a Jaguarundi to a typical person

The Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) is a small wild cat inhabiting the brushy regions of the southwestern United States and South America. The Jaguarundi is also known as the eyra due to both names being used to represent and differentiate the two color varieties: reddish brown (jaguarundi) and grey (eyra).

Both colors are uniform and without any prominent spots or markings. It resembles that of an otter in appearance as its body is sleek and elongated with short ears and a long tail. Although the Jaguarundi typically lives alone, it is noted to withstand the presence of others of its kind.

Jaguarundis have a shoulder height between 10”-14” (25-36 cm), body length of 22”-30” (56-76 cm), and weight in the range of 6-20 lb (3-9 kg). The tail of a Jaguarundi is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Jaguarundis have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Jaguarundi
The Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) is a small wild cat inhabiting the brushy regions of the southwestern USA and South America. The Jaguarundi is also known as the eyra due to both names being used to represent and differentiate the two colors: reddish brown (jaguarundi) and grey (eyra).

Jaguarundis have a shoulder height between 10”-14” (25-36 cm), body length of 22”-30” (56-76 cm), and weight in the range of 6-20 lb (3-9 kg). The tail of a Jaguarundi is 12”-20" (31-51 cm) in length. Jaguarundis have a typical lifespan of 10-12 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Jaguarundi
Jaguarundi
Height:
10”-14” | 25-36 cm
Width:
Length:
22”-30” | 56-76 cm
Depth:
Weight:
6-20 lb | 3-9 kg
Area:
Tail Length
12”-20" | 31-51 cm
Scientific Name
Herpailurus yagouaroundi
Lifespan
10-12 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Jaguarundi side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

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Clouded Leopard
Comparison illustration of the size of a Clouded Leopard to a typical person

The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), also called the mainland clouded leopard or clouded tiger, is a wild cat inhabiting the Himalayan foothills, Southeast Asia, and southern parts of China. The Clouded Leopard has a grayish brown coat made distinctive with black and dark grey blotches, spots, and patches.

These notable and extensive markings are irregular in shape and size and suggest the reason for its name. Known as one of the most skillful climbers among the cats, the Clouded Leopard has longer hind limbs than its front which aid in its jumping and leaping abilities. As such, the Clouded Leopard often resides in the trees until night falls when it will jump to the ground to hunt.

Clouded Leopards have a shoulder height between 18”-22” (46-56 cm), body length of 27”-43” (69-109 cm), and weight in the range of 25-50 lb (11-23 kg). The tail of a Clouded Leopard is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Clouded Leopards have a typical lifespan of 11-15 years in the wild and 17-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Clouded Leopard
The Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), also called the mainland clouded leopard or clouded tiger, is a wild cat inhabiting the Himalayan foothills, Southeast Asia, and southern parts of China. The Clouded Leopard has a grayish brown coat made distinctive with black and dark grey spots.

Clouded Leopards have a shoulder height between 18”-22” (46-56 cm), body length of 27”-43” (69-109 cm), and weight in the range of 25-50 lb (11-23 kg). The tail of a Clouded Leopard is 24”-36” (61-91 cm) in length. Clouded Leopards have a typical lifespan of 11-15 years in the wild and 17-20 years in captivity.

Series of side elevation illustrations of the Clouded Leopard
Clouded Leopard
Height:
18”-22” | 46-56 cm
Width:
Length:
27”-43” | 69-109 cm
Depth:
Weight:
25-50 lb | 11-23 kg
Area:
Tail Length
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
Scientific Name
Neofelis nebulosa
Lifespan
11-15 years (wild); 17-20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Clouded Leopard side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (sitting)

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Ocelot
Dimensioned comparison drawing of the Ocelot compared to an average person

The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a spotted wild cat spanning from the southwestern United States to South America. It is larger in size than domestic cats but relatively small in comparison to the more well known big cats.

Its extensively marked fur is the Ocelot’s most distinguishable feature: black spots on the head and underside, stripes or bands on the neck and back, and splotches along the tail. The coat itself is short, smooth, and varying in color from a tawny cream to a reddish grey. The Ocelot is solitary and silent, easily adapting to disturbed habitats.

Ocelots have a shoulder height between 15”-20” (38-51 cm), body length of 27”-40” (69-102 cm), and weight in the range of 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). The tail of an Ocelot is 12”-18” (31-46 cm) in length. Ocelots have a typical lifespan of 12-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Ocelot
The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is a spotted wild cat spanning from the southwestern United States to South America. It is larger in size than domestic cats but relatively small in comparison to the more well known big cats. Its extensively marked fur is the Ocelot’s most distinguishable feature.

Ocelots have a shoulder height between 15”-20” (38-51 cm), body length of 27”-40” (69-102 cm), and weight in the range of 18-40 lb (8-18 kg). The tail of an Ocelot is 12”-18” (31-46 cm) in length. Ocelots have a typical lifespan of 12-15 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity.

Set of standing side elevation drawings of the Ocelot
Ocelot
Height:
15”-20” | 38-51 cm
Width:
Length:
27”-40” | 69-102 cm
Depth:
Weight:
18-40 lb | 8-18 kg
Area:
Tail Length
12”-18” | 31-46 cm
Scientific Name
Leopardus pardalis
Lifespan
12-15 years (wild); Up to 20 years (captivity)

Drawings include:

Ocelot side elevation (standing), front (sitting), side (lying down)

Details & Downloads

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