Bony Fish | Osteichthyes

Osteichthyes, commonly referred to as the bony fish, is a taxonomic group of fish with skeletons mostly made of bone tissue, rather than cartilage. The group is sorted into two, the ray-finned fish (Actinopterygii) and the lobe-finned fish (Sarcopterygii). All bony fish have gills, and this is the sole means of respiration. Most Osteichthyes are ectothermic (cold blooded), so their body temperature is dependent on that of the water; but some larger marine variations like the opah, swordfish, and tuna, have evolved various levels of endothermy. Bony fish have a variety of diets; they can be carnivores, omnivores, herbivores, filter-feeders, or detritivores.

What is the largest bony fish?

The largest bony fish is a female Mola alexandrine that was caught on the Japanese coast of Kamogwa, Chiba in 1996. The fish has a total weight of 2,300 kilograms and a height of 2.72 meters. It is currently the heaviest bony fish ever recorded in history.

When did bony fish first appear?

Bony fish first appeared between 530 to 410 million years ago during the Cambrian explosion. The first bony fish did not have jaws and had a primitive spinal column. It is believed that the first bony fish appeared along with the placoderms, who were the first jawed fish that evolved from their gill arches.

How do Osteichthyes reproduce?

Osteichthyes mostly reproduce through the sperm and eggs that are developed by male and female Osteichthyes. Some Osteichthyes are hermaphrodites and can produce both sperm and eggs. Male and female Osteichthyes may at times look similar or different due to their size, color, head characteristics, and overall body shape.

Bony Fish Guides
Browse through our curated Bony Fish Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Bony Fish. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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7”-9” | 17.8-22.9 cm
5’-6.5’ | 1.5-2 m
50-125 lb | 22.7-56.7 kg
20-50 years
Alligator Gar
22.900
200.000
56.700
50.00
72000
3D
Alligator Gar
.9”-1.5” | 2.4-3.8 cm
3.1”-5.1” | 8-13 cm
8-10 years
Amazon Puffer
3.800
13.000
10.00
3250
3D
Amazon Puffer
1.2”-2.4” | 3-6 cm
20”-40” | 51-102 cm
13-17 lb | 6-7.7 kg
15-40 years
American Eel
6.000
102.000
7.700
40.00
10000
3D
American Eel
8.5”-11.5” | 21.6-29.2 cm
5’-7’ | 1.52-2.13 m
60-200 lb | 27-91 kg
20-30 years
American Paddlefish
29.200
213.000
91.000
30.00
21000
3D
American Paddlefish
5”-6.75” | 12.7-17.1 cm
19”-24” | 48-61 cm
3-8 lb | 1.4-3.6 kg
6-10 years
American Shad
17.100
61.000
3.600
10.00
4500
3D
American Shad
1.2”-3.1” | 3-8 cm; 5.1” | 13 cm (Max)
6”-16” | 15-41 cm; 24” | 61 cm (Max)
.44-6 lb | .2-2.7 kg
3-6 years
Apache Trout
8.000
41.000
2.700
6.00
3460
3D
Apache Trout
2.5”-4” | 6.4-10.2 cm
12”-20” | 30.5-51 cm
2-4 lb | .9-1.8 kg
5-10 years
Arctic Grayling
10.200
51.000
1.800
10.00
3500
3D
Arctic Grayling
10”-23” | 25.4-58.4 cm
5.5’-14’ | 1.7-4.3 m
200-1800 lb | 90-816 kg
20-30 years
Atlantic Blue Marlin
58.400
430.000
816.000
30.00
1500
3D
Atlantic Blue Marlin
24”-50” | 61-127 cm
7’-15’ | 2.1-4.6 m
550–2000 lb | 250-907 kg
15-30 years
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna
127.000
460.000
907.000
30.00
4300
3D
Atlantic Bluefin Tuna
13”-20” | 33-50.8 cm
7.5’-11’ | 2.3-3.4 m
132-220 lb | 60-100 kg
10-15 years
Atlantic Sailfish
50.800
340.000
100.000
15.00
450
3D
Atlantic Sailfish
6.5”-9” | 16.5-22.9 cm
28”-40” | 71-102 cm
8-12 lb | 3.6-5.4 kg
5-13 years
Atlantic Salmon
22.900
102.000
5.400
13.00
13000
3D
Atlantic Salmon
10.2”-13.8” | 26-35 cm; 26” | 66 cm (Max)
6’-8’ | 1.83-2.44 m; 15’ | 4.57 m (Max)
198-794 lb | 90-360 kg
30-60 years
Atlantic Sturgeon
35.000
244.000
360.000
60.00
4340
3D
Atlantic Sturgeon
12”-19” | 30.5-48 cm
5’-8’ | 152-244 cm
60-280 lb | 27-127 kg
30-55 years
Atlantic Tarpon
48.000
244.000
127.000
55.00
700
3D
Atlantic Tarpon
8.3”-18.9” | 21-48 cm; 41” | 104 cm (Max)
4.7’-10.75’ | 1.42-3.28 m; 24’ | 7.32 m (Max)
573-3,307 lb | 260-1,500 kg
50-118 years
Beluga Sturgeon
48.000
328.000
1500.000
118.00
29800
3D
Beluga Sturgeon
1.4”-2” | 3.5-5 cm
9.1”-13.8” | 23-35 cm
3-6 years
Big-Belly Seahorse
5.000
35.000
6.00
1250
3D
Big-Belly Seahorse
1.5”-3.75” | 3.8-9.5 cm
4”-11” | 10-28 cm
3-4 lb | 1.4-1.8 kg
7-15 years
Black Crappie
9.500
28.000
1.800
15.00
6800
3D
Black Crappie
1.8”-3” | 4.5-7.5 cm
9”-14.6” | 23-37 cm
.4-.5 lb | .18-.2 kg
9-11 years
Bloater
7.500
37.000
0.200
11.00
3800
3D
Bloater
2.6”-3.9” | 6.5-10 cm
11”-16” | 28-41 cm
.5-.6 lb | .2-.3 kg
6-8 years
Blueback Herring
10.000
41.000
0.300
8.00
2240
3D
Blueback Herring
3”-6.5” | 7.6-16.5 cm
7”-16” | 18-41 cm
1-2.6 lb | .5-1.2 kg
5-10 years
Bluegill
16.500
41.000
1.200
10.00
33000
3D
Bluegill
3.5”-6.5” | 8.9-16.5 cm
16”-30” | 40-75 cm
7-20 lb | 3-9 kg
10-20 years
Bonefish
16.500
75.000
9.000
20.00
100
3D
Bonefish
2”-5.5” | 5-14 cm
10”-26” | 25-66 cm
.6-6.6 lb | .3-3 kg
5-15 years
Brook Trout
14.000
66.000
3.000
15.00
24000
3D
Brook Trout
5”-7” | 12.7-17.8 cm
24”-34” | 61-86 cm
3-9 lb | 1.4-4 kg
5-12 years
Bull Trout
17.800
86.000
4.000
12.00
5600
3D
Bull Trout
2”-4.5” | 5-11.4 cm
12”-24” | 30.5-61 cm
2-7 lb | .9-3.2 kg
15-25 years
Channel Catfish
11.400
61.000
3.200
25.00
19000
3D
Channel Catfish
5.5”-8.5” | 14-21.6 cm
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
30-40 lb | 13.6-18.1 kg
5-9 years
Chinook Salmon
21.600
91.000
18.100
9.00
17000
3D
Chinook Salmon
6”-10” | 15.2-25.4 cm
24”-40” | 61-102 cm
8-22 lb | 3.6-10 kg
3-7 years
Chum Salmon
25.400
102.000
10.000
7.00
6200
3D
Chum Salmon
4.5”-7.5” | 11.4-19 cm
18”-30” | 46-76 cm
8-35 lb | 3.6-16 kg
2-4 years
Coho Salmon
19.000
76.000
16.000
4.00
20000
3D
Coho Salmon
3.7”-5.9” | 9.5-15 cm; 11.4” | 29 cm (Max)
2’-3’ | 61-91 cm; 6’ | 183 cm (Max)
40-79 lb | 18-36 kg
40-50 years
Colorado Pikeminnow
15.000
91.000
36.000
50.00
1200
3D
Colorado Pikeminnow
3.5”-12.6” | 9-32 cm
10”-36” | 25.4-91.4 cm
11-22 lb | 5-10 kg
8-11 years
Common Hogfish
32.000
91.400
10.000
11.00
45080
3D
Common Hogfish
.4”-1” | 1-2.5 cm
2.75”-6.7” | 7-17 cm;
1-4 years
Common Seahorse
2.500
17.000
4.00
240800
3D
Common Seahorse
5.1”-5.9” | 13-15 cm
7”-8” | 18-20 cm
4-10 years
Copperband Butterflyfish
15.000
20.000
10.00
3700
3D
Copperband Butterflyfish
.2”-.3” | .5-.75 cm
.8”-1.2” | 2-3 cm
.14-.21 oz | 4-6 g
6-12 months
Devil’s Hole Pupfish
0.750
3.000
0.006
1.00
12700
3D
Devil’s Hole Pupfish
.1”-.2” | .3-.6 cm
1”-2” | 2.5-5.1 cm
1-2 years
Dwarf Seahorse
0.600
5.100
2.00
3900
3D
Dwarf Seahorse
3.1”-4.7” | 8-12 cm
60”-84” | 1.52-2.13 m
6.6-55 lb | 3-25 kg
15-20 years
European Conger
12.000
213.000
25.000
20.00
1150
3D
European Conger
1.6”-2.75” | 4-7 cm
24”-39” | 61-99 cm
3-8 lb | 1.4-3.6 kg
15-20 years
European Eel
7.000
99.000
3.600
20.00
9500
3D
European Eel
2.4”-3.1” | 6-8 cm
31”-37” | 79-94 cm
2.2-4.4 lb | 1-2 kg
10-30 years
Fimbriated Moray
8.000
94.000
2.000
30.00
140
3D
Fimbriated Moray
5.9”-8.7” | 15-22 cm
5.92’-9.83’ | 1.8-3 m
66-79 lb | 30-36 kg
10-30 years
Giant Moray
22.000
300.000
36.000
30.00
1900
3D
Giant Moray
3.5”-5.1” | 9-13 cm
59”-79” | 1.5-2 m
44-62 lb | 20-28 kg
20-40 years
Giant Mottled Eel
13.000
200.000
28.000
40.00
1050
3D
Giant Mottled Eel
7.9”-22” | 20-56 cm
10’-26.2’ | 3-8 m; 36’ | 11 m (Max)
882-1,322 lb | 400-600 kg
7-12 years
Giant Oarfish
56.000
800.000
600.000
12.00
21900
3D
Giant Oarfish
10”-20” | 25.4-50.8 cm
33”-67” | 85-170 cm
33-132 lb | 15-60 kg
10-25 years
Giant Trevally
50.800
170.000
60.000
25.00
4700
3D
Giant Trevally
3.3”-3.9” | 8.5-10 cm
8.3”-9.8” | 21-25 cm
.9-1.2 oz | .02-.03 kg
15-20 years
Hairy Frogfish
10.000
25.000
0.030
20.00
5250
3D
Hairy Frogfish
3.1”-4.1” | 8-10.5 cm
15”-19” | 38-48 cm
1.5-2.5 lb | .7-1.1 kg
20-40 years
Humpback Chub
10.500
48.000
1.100
40.00
1550
3D
Humpback Chub
3.1”-4.7” | 8-12 cm
39”-51” | 99-130 cm
6.6-8.8 lb | 3-4 kg
15-20 years
Japanese Eel
12.000
130.000
4.000
20.00
7800
3D
Japanese Eel
1.8”-4.9” | 4.5-12.5 cm
8”-22” | 20-56 cm
5-10 lb | 2.3-4.5 kg
5-14 years
Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
12.500
56.000
4.500
14.00
2260
3D
Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
5.5”-11” | 14-28 cm
36”-72” | 91-183 cm
30-100 lb | 13.6-45.4 kg
55-150 years
Lake Sturgeon
28.000
183.000
45.400
150.00
7300
3D
Lake Sturgeon
4”-7” | 10.2-17.8 cm
20”-36” | 51-91 cm
4-22 lb | 1.8-10 kg
10-40 years
Lake Trout
17.800
91.000
10.000
40.00
14000
3D
Lake Trout
4”-8” | 10.2-20.3 cm
15”-30” | 38-76 cm
1.8-30 lb | .8-13.6 kg
15-20 years
Largemouth Bass
20.300
76.000
13.600
20.00
42000
3D
Largemouth Bass
1”-1.4” | 2.5-3.5 cm
5”-7.5” | 13-19 cm
1-4 years
Lined Seahorse
3.500
19.000
4.00
1800
3D
Lined Seahorse
6.5”-10.5” | 16.5-26.7 cm
33”-55” | 84-140 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
4-5 years
Mahi-Mahi
26.700
140.000
18.000
5.00
6200
3D
Mahi-Mahi
3.5”-6.5” | 8.9-16.5 cm
28”-48” | 71-122 cm
10-40 lb | 4.5-18.1 kg
15-30 years
Muskellunge
16.500
122.000
18.100
30.00
10000
3D
Muskellunge
2.25”-3.75” | 5.7-9.5 cm
16”-26” | 41-66 cm
1.5-4 lb | .7-1.8 kg
10-25 years
Northern Pike
9.500
66.000
1.800
25.00
30000
3D
Northern Pike
.6”-1.4” | 1.5-3.5 cm
1.5”-4” | 4-10 cm
.4-.7 lb | .2-.3 kg
3-6 years
Ocellaris Clownfish
3.500
10.000
0.300
6.00
10700
3D
Ocellaris Clownfish
3.5”-7.1” | 9-18 cm
30”-60” | 76-152 cm
80-100 lb | 36-45 kg
40-70 years
Pallid Sturgeon
18.000
152.000
45.000
70.00
1620
3D
Pallid Sturgeon
5.5”-8.7” | 14-22 cm
11.8”-17.7” | 30-45 cm
2.5-3.5 lb | 1.1-1.6 kg
15-20 years
Queen Angelfish
22.000
45.000
1.600
20.00
7650
3D
Queen Angelfish
4.5”-7” | 11.4-17.8 cm
20”-30” | 51-76 cm
2-8 lb | .9-3.6 kg
4-11 years
Rainbow Trout
17.800
76.000
3.600
11.00
19000
3D
Rainbow Trout
3.5”-7.1” | 9-18 cm
1.6’-3’ | 48-91 cm
6.6-13.2 lb | 3-6 kg
35-50 years
Razorback Sucker
18.000
91.000
6.000
50.00
840
3D
Razorback Sucker
3.1”-4.3” | 8-11 cm
11-15” | 28-38 cm
1-2.6 lb | .5-1.2 kg
10-18 years
Red Lionfish
11.000
38.000
1.200
18.00
10100
3D
Red Lionfish
2.6”-4.3” | 6.5-11 cm
9.8”-15.75” | 25-40 cm
.7-.9 lb | .3-.4 kg
9-12 years
Red-Lipped Batfish
11.000
40.000
0.400
12.00
11800
3D
Red-Lipped Batfish
3.7”-4.9” | 9.5-12.5 cm
9.8”-11.8” | 25-30 cm
5-10 years
Reef Triggerfish
12.500
30.000
10.00
5750
3D
Reef Triggerfish
13”-16.5” | 33-41.9 cm
48”-63” | 122-160 cm
25-80 lb | 11-36 kg
20-35 years
Roosterfish
41.900
160.000
36.000
35.00
3000
3D
Roosterfish
2.4”-3.1” | 6-8 cm
11.5’-13.1’ | 3.5-4 m
29-60 lb | 13-27 kg
10-40 years
Slender Giant Moray
8.000
400.000
27.000
40.00
90
3D
Slender Giant Moray
1”-1.6” | 2.5-4 cm
51”-79” | 1.3-2 m
.4-.5 lb | .17-.23 kg
7-10 years
Slender Snipe Eel
4.000
200.000
0.230
10.00
450
3D
Slender Snipe Eel
2.5”-6.5” | 6.4-16.5 cm
10”-27” | 25-69 cm
.8-12 lb | .4-5.4 kg
5-15 years
Smallmouth Bass
16.500
69.000
5.400
15.00
26000
3D
Smallmouth Bass
2”-3.1” | 5-8 cm
24”-36” | 61-91 cm
15-30 years
Snowflake Moray
8.000
91.000
30.00
1150
3D
Snowflake Moray
.3”-.4” | .75-1 cm
4”-4.5” | 10.2-11.4 cm
10-30 years
Snyder’s Moray
1.000
11.400
30.00
15
3D
Snyder’s Moray
5.5”-15.5” | 14-39.4 cm
20”-55” | 51-140 cm
5-70 lb | 2.3-32 kg
20-30 years
Striped Bass
39.400
140.000
32.000
30.00
32000
3D
Striped Bass
Wahoo
41000
6.5”-12” | 16.5-30.5 cm
40”-72” | 102-183 cm
15-40 lb | 7-18 kg
5-9 years
Wahoo
30.500
183.000
18.000
9.00
41000
3D
Wahoo
Walleye
58000
4.5”-8.5” | 11.4-21.6 cm
22”-42” | 56-107 cm
3-7 lb | 1.4-3.2 kg
15-25 years
Walleye
21.600
107.000
3.200
25.00
58000
3D
Walleye
1.6”-2.4” | 4-6 cm; 3.5” | 9 cm (Max)
8”-12” | 20-30 cm; 18” | 46 cm (Max)
2-3.3 lb | .9-1.5 kg
6-8 years
Westslope Cutthroat Trout
6.000
30.000
1.500
8.00
1505
3D
Westslope Cutthroat Trout
2.5”-5.5” | 6.4-14 cm
10”-18” | 25-46 cm
2-5 lb | .9-2.3 kg
4-9 years
White Bass
14.000
46.000
2.300
9.00
15000
3D
White Bass
.6”-2.6” | 1.5-6.5 cm
3.9”-12.2” | 10-31 cm
5-8 years
Yellow Goatfish
6.500
31.000
8.00
430
3D
Yellow Goatfish
1”-2.5” | 2.5-6.4 cm
4”-10” | 10-25 cm
.5-1 lb | .2-.5 kg
7-13 years
Yellow Perch
6.400
25.000
0.500
13.00
12000
3D
Yellow Perch
10.5”-20.5” | 26.7-52 cm
43”-83” | 110-210 cm
300-400 lb | 136-181 kg
5-10 years
Yellowfin Tuna
52.000
210.000
181.000
10.00
22000
3D
Yellowfin Tuna
1.2”-3.5” | 3-9 cm
20”-59” | 51-150 cm
10-20 years
Zebra Moray
9.000
150.000
20.00
1100
3D
Zebra Moray
Common Hogfish (Lachnolaimus maximus)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Common Hogfish to other saltwater fish

The Common Hogfish, also known scientifically as Lachnolaimus maximus, earned its name “hogfish,” from its tendency to root around in sand in order to find food. The Common Hogfish, when compared to other species of wrasse, is uncharacteristically flat and oval shaped with red irises that change color over the course of its life. The Common Hogfish lives in groups of females led by an alpha male. Hogfish start their lives as females and once they have grown to a certain size, they change to males. The Common Hogfish can usually be found in open bottoms or coral reefs from Bermuda and North Carolina through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean.

The  Common Hogfish is also called pez perro, boquinete, or doncella de pluma. This fish is carnivorous, sequential hermaphrodite, and long-lived. Males and females are easy to differentiate. Females and juveniles are usually pale gray, reddish-brown, or brown but paler on the underside with no distinctive marks. Males have deep dark bands from the snout to the first dorsal spine. You may also see a prominent black spot behind the pectoral fin. All hogfish have their dorsal fin made of three to four long dorsal spines and a series of shorter dorsal spines.



Common Hogfish have a total length between 10”-36” (25.4-91.4 cm) and body height of 3.5”-12.6” (9-32 cm). The typical weight of the Common Hogfish is in the range of 11-22 lb (5-10 kg). Common Hogfish have lifespans between 8-11 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Common Hogfish in various poses
The Common Hogfish, also known scientifically as Lachnolaimus maximus, earned its name “hogfish,” from its tendency to root around in sand in order to find food. The Common Hogfish, when compared to other species of wrasse, is uncharacteristically flat and oval shaped with red irises.

Common Hogfish have a total length between 10”-36” (25.4-91.4 cm) and body height of 3.5”-12.6” (9-32 cm). The typical weight of the Common Hogfish is in the range of 11-22 lb (5-10 kg). Common Hogfish have lifespans between 8-11 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Common Hogfish in various poses
Common Hogfish (Lachnolaimus maximus)
Height:
3.5”-12.6” | 9-32 cm
Width:
Length:
10”-36” | 25.4-91.4 cm
Depth:
Weight:
11-22 lb | 5-10 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Lachnolaimus maximus
Lifespan
8-11 years

Drawings include:

Common Hogfish side elevation, front

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Roosterfish
Measured comparison illustration of the size of a Roosterfish to a typical person

The Roosterfish (Nematistius pectoralis) belong to the fish family Mematistiidae inhabiting the East Pacific oceans, starting from Baja in California to Peru. The fish is a popular saltwater game fish because of its deep hard fight. They are identified by the arrangement of their ears and a swim bladder used to amplify sound and body covered in bluish-gray color.

It gets its name from its seven elongated dorsal fin spines. The base of their pectoral fin has a dark spot. Roosterfish love near-shore areas, reefs, and sandy in-shore waters and can be hunted using fly-fishing, live baits, and even spinners.

Roosterfish have a total length between 48”-63” (122-160 cm), body height of 13”-16.5” (33-41.9 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 25-80 lb (11-36 kg). The typical lifespan of the Roosterfish is 20-35 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Roosterfish seen from the side and front
The Roosterfish (Nematistius pectoralis) belong to the fish family Mematistiidae inhabiting the East Pacific oceans, starting from Baja in California to Peru. The fish is a popular saltwater game fish because of its deep hard fight. They are identified by their ear arrangements and swim bladder.

Roosterfish have a total length between 48”-63” (122-160 cm), body height of 13”-16.5” (33-41.9 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 25-80 lb (11-36 kg). The typical lifespan of the Roosterfish is 20-35 years.

Pair of elevation illustrations of the Roosterfish seen from the side and front
Roosterfish
Height:
13”-16.5” | 33-41.9 cm
Width:
Length:
48”-63” | 122-160 cm
Depth:
Weight:
25-80 lb | 11-36 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Nematistius pectoralis
Lifespan
20-35 years

Drawings include:

Roosterfish side elevation, front

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Coho Salmon

The Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) is also called the Silver salmon or “silvers” and inhabits the North Pacific oceans, rivers, and coastal streams of Alaska and California. They belong to the family Salmonidae with adults having lighter bellies, silversides, and metallic blue backs. As an anadromous fish, the Coho Salmon shows distinct color patterns when in freshwater and ocean water.

Juveniles also show different color patterns when compared to adults. Coho Salmon are distinguished by their white gums, lower lobes having black spots, and large beaks during spawning in males. The indigenous people saw the fish as a representation of life and sustenance.

Coho Salmons have a total length between 18”-30” (46-76 cm), body height of 4.5”-7.5” (11.4-19 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 8-35 lb (3.6-16 kg). The typical lifespan of the Coho Salmon is 2-4 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Coho Salmon viewed from the front and side
The Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) is also called the Silver salmon or “silvers” and inhabits the North Pacific oceans, rivers, and coastal streams of Alaska and California. They belong to the family Salmonidae with adults having lighter bellies, silversides, and metallic blue backs.

Coho Salmons have a total length between 18”-30” (46-76 cm), body height of 4.5”-7.5” (11.4-19 cm), and an overall weight in the range of 8-35 lb (3.6-16 kg). The typical lifespan of the Coho Salmon is 2-4 years.

Set of scaled elevation drawings of the Coho Salmon viewed from the front and side
Coho Salmon
Height:
4.5”-7.5” | 11.4-19 cm
Width:
Length:
18”-30” | 46-76 cm
Depth:
Weight:
8-35 lb | 3.6-16 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Oncorhynchus kisutch
Lifespan
2-4 years

Drawings include:

Coho Salmon side elevation, front

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Blueback Herring (Alosa aestivalis)
Comparison illustration of the size of a Blueback Herring to other freshwater fish and a typical person

The Blueback Herring (Alosa aestivalis) is a valuable source of food most often caught when migrating upstream to spawn. It is also called summer shad or blue-black shad, endemic to the east coast of North America. It forms schools and is easily identified by its silvery color and a series of modified scales called scutes along the belly. The back is deep bluish-green and distinguished from other similar-looking fish it co-exists with by its black or dusky peritoneum. This anadromous fish is slender, has smaller eyes, and has a dark spot on the shoulder.

Blueback Herring have a total length between 11”-16” (28-41 cm) and body height of 2.6”-3.9” (6.5-10 cm). The typical weight of the Blueback Herring is in the range of .5-.6 lb (.2-.3 kg). Blueback Herring have lifespans between 6-8 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Blueback Herring in various poses
The Blueback Herring (Alosa aestivalis) is a valuable source of food most often caught when migrating upstream to spawn. It is also called summer shad or blue-black shad, endemic to the east coast of North America. It forms schools and is easily identified by its silvery color.

Blueback Herring have a total length between 11”-16” (28-41 cm) and body height of 2.6”-3.9” (6.5-10 cm). The typical weight of the Blueback Herring is in the range of .5-.6 lb (.2-.3 kg). Blueback Herring have lifespans between 6-8 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of Blueback Herring in various poses
Blueback Herring (Alosa aestivalis)
Height:
2.6”-3.9” | 6.5-10 cm
Width:
Length:
11”-16” | 28-41 cm
Depth:
Weight:
.5-.6 lb | .2-.3 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Alosa aestivalis
Lifespan
6-8 years

Drawings include:

Blueback Herring side elevation, front

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European Conger (Conger conger)
Comparison illustration of the size of a European Conger to other eels and a typical person

The largest eel on the planet, the European conger (Conger conger) reproduces once in its life. The European Conger is a nocturnal predator possessing a lengthy body without scales and is national to the European coastline, specifically Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Juveniles love coastal areas while adults prefer deeper waters. The European conger’s conical head, slightly reduced rounded snout and merged dorsal and anal fins enable it to hide effortlessly under rocks and cracks. The fish is a representative of the family Congridae and undergoes metamorphosis in its reproductive organs, skeleton mass, and teeth between the ages of 5 to 15 years.

European Congers have a total length between 60”-84” (1.52-2.13 m) and body height of 3.1”-4.7” (8-12 cm). The typical weight of the European Conger is in the range of 6.6-55 lb (3-25 kg). European Congers have lifespans between 15-20 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of European Conger in various poses
The largest eel on the planet, the European conger (Conger conger) reproduces once in its life. The European Conger is a nocturnal predator possessing a lengthy body without scales and is national to the European coastline, specifically Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.

European Congers have a total length between 60”-84” (1.52-2.13 m) and body height of 3.1”-4.7” (8-12 cm). The typical weight of the European Conger is in the range of 6.6-55 lb (3-25 kg). European Congers have lifespans between 15-20 years.

Scaled collection of drawings of European Conger in various poses
European Conger (Conger conger)
Height:
3.1”-4.7” | 8-12 cm
Width:
Length:
60”-84” | 1.52-2.13 m
Depth:
Weight:
6.6-55 lb | 3-25 kg
Area:
Scientific Name
Conger conger
Lifespan
15-20 years

Drawings include:

European Conger side elevation, side (perspective), front, top

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