Baseball is a competitive sport where two opposing teams take turns batting and fielding a ball with the goal to score the most runs by the end of the game. The game is played when the pitcher from the fielding (defensive) team throws the baseball to a player on the batting (offensive) team who attempts to hit it with a bat. Runs (points) are scored when players on the batting team successfully hit the baseball into play and run counter-clockwise around the bases until they score by reaching home plate.

It is the goal of the defensive team to keep the offensive team from running the bases by striking them out at bat, by catching the ball when it is hit into play, or by fielding and tagging a base with the ball before the runner arrives. Each team takes turns batting and fielding every three outs. The game ends after each team has played the decided amount of innings (usually nine). In North America, professional baseball is organized by Major League Baseball (MLB).

When was baseball invented?

The modern game of baseball was established by the Knickerbocker Baseball Club in New York City in 1845 though variants of similar games have existed since the 18th century in the form of cricket and rounders.

Where is baseball primarily played?

Often called America’s pastime, baseball is also well established in Canada, Latin America, the Netherlands, Australia, and Japan.

How far was the longest home run in history?

The longest home run ever is estimated to be 643’ | 196 m and was hit by Mickey Mantle in 1960.

Baseball

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Baseball Bat - Professional
Size comparison diagram of a Professional Baseball Bat compared to other similar sports equipment

Baseball Bats (Professional) have a typical length of 34” (86.4 cm) and maximum diameter of 2.61” (67 mm). The weight of a Professional Baseball Bat is between 2.06-2.25 lb (.935-1.02 kg).

Measured illustration of a Professional Baseball Bat dimensioned with overall length and diameter

Baseball Bats (Professional) have a typical length of 34” (86.4 cm) and maximum diameter of 2.61” (67 mm). The weight of a Professional Baseball Bat is between 2.06-2.25 lb (.935-1.02 kg).

Measured illustration of a Professional Baseball Bat dimensioned with overall length and diameter
Baseball Bat - Professional
Height:
Width:
2.61” | 67 mm (Max Diameter)
Length:
34” | 86.4 cm (Typical)
Depth:
Weight:
2.06-2.25 lb | .935-1.02 kg
Area:

Handle Length: 10.5”-11.5” | 26.7-29.2 cm
Materials: Solid Wood; grip tape

Drawings include:
Baseball Bat (Professional) side elevations, top

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Baseball Strike Zone
Diagram drawing of the boundaries of a Baseball Strike Zone with player, umpire, and catcher

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’ Official strike zones are calculated as the space between the width of home-plate, 17” | 43.18 cm, up to the midpoint between a batter’s shoulders and uniform pants when in their stance, and extending down to just below their kneecaps. The home-plate umpire determines balls and strikes after every pitch thrown.

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’

Baseball Strike Zone
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Width: 17” | 43.18 cm

Top: Midpoint between top of shoulders and top of pants
Bottom: A point just below the kneecap

Area for 6.5’ player: 3.75 ft2
Area for 6’ player: 3.5 ft2
Area for 5.5’ player: 3.25 ft2

Drawings include:
Baseball Strike Zone front elevation (player)

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Softball Field
Measured drawing of the sizes and dimensions of a standard Softball Field

Softball Fields are regulated playing fields for the sport of softball. A variant of baseball, softball is played with a larger ball and a faster pace due to the shorter distances on the field. In softball, the centerfield, right, and left fences must be 250’ | 76.2 m from the apex of home plate. The bases on a Softball Field are spaced 60’ | 18.3 m apart measured from the apex of home plate to the farthest corner of 1st and 3rd bases, and from the same farthest corner of 1st and 3rd to the center of 2nd base. The pitching distance from the front of the pitching rubber to the apex of home plate is set at 50’ | 15.2 m.

Softball Fields are regulated playing fields for the sport of softball. A variant of baseball, softball is played with a larger ball and a faster pace due to the shorter distances on the field. In softball, the centerfield, right, and left fences must be 250’ | 76.2 m from the apex of home plate.

Softball Field
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Centerfield Fence: 250’ | 76.2 m (min.)
Left & Right Field Fence: 250’ | 76.2 m (min.)
Base Distance: 60’ | 18.3 m
Infield Hypotenuse: 84’ 10-1/4” | 25.9 m
Pitching Rubber Distance: 50’ | 15.2 m
Distance to Backstop: 25’ | 7.6 m
Coaches Box: 10’ x 3’ | 3 x .9 m

Drawings include:
Softball Field plan

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Softball
Size comparison diagram of the Softball compared to other similar sports balls

Softballs have a diameter of 3.82” (9.7 cm) and circumference of 12” (30.5 cm). The mass of a Softball is between 6.25-7 oz (177-198 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Softball measured with diameter and circumference

Softballs have a diameter of 3.82” (9.7 cm) and circumference of 12” (30.5 cm). The mass of a Softball is between 6.25-7 oz (177-198 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Softball measured with diameter and circumference
Softball
Height:
3.82” | 9.7 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
6.25-7 oz | 177-198 g
Area:

Circumference: 12” | 30.5 cm

Materials: Synthetic, composite or natural leather cover; long fiber kapok or polyurethane core
Surface: 96 raised stitches

Drawings include:
Softball Elevations (various)

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Baseball
Group of scaled illustrations of various sporting balls compared to the Baseball

Baseballs have a diameter between 2.86”-2.94” (7.3-7.5 cm) and circumference from 9”-9.25” (22.9-23.5 cm). The mass of a Baseball is between 5-5.25 oz (142-149 g).

Measured illustration of a Baseball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference

Baseballs have a diameter between 2.86”-2.94” (7.3-7.5 cm) and circumference from 9”-9.25” (22.9-23.5 cm). The mass of a Baseball is between 5-5.25 oz (142-149 g).

Measured illustration of a Baseball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
Baseball
Height:
2.86”-2.94” | 7.3-7.5 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
5-5.25 oz | 142-149 g
Area:

Circumference: 9”-9.25” | 22.9-23.5 cm

Materials: Cowhide cover; rubber-coated cork inner core; three layers of wool yarn; red cotton stitching
Surface: 108 raised stitches

Drawings include:
Baseball Elevations (various)

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