Baseball is a competitive sport where two opposing teams take turns batting and fielding a ball with the goal to score the most runs by the end of the game. The game is played when the pitcher from the fielding (defensive) team throws the baseball to a player on the batting (offensive) team who attempts to hit it with a bat. Runs (points) are scored when players on the batting team successfully hit the baseball into play and run counter-clockwise around the bases until they score by reaching home plate.

It is the goal of the defensive team to keep the offensive team from running the bases by striking them out at bat, by catching the ball when it is hit into play, or by fielding and tagging a base with the ball before the runner arrives. Each team takes turns batting and fielding every three outs. The game ends after each team has played the decided amount of innings (usually nine). In North America, professional baseball is organized by Major League Baseball (MLB).

When was baseball invented?

The modern game of baseball was established by the Knickerbocker Baseball Club in New York City in 1845 though variants of similar games have existed since the 18th century in the form of cricket and rounders.

Where is baseball primarily played?

Often called America’s pastime, baseball is also well established in Canada, Latin America, the Netherlands, Australia, and Japan.

How far was the longest home run in history?

The longest home run ever is estimated to be 643’ | 196 m and was hit by Mickey Mantle in 1960.

Baseball

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Baseball
Group of scaled illustrations of various sporting balls compared to the Baseball

A Baseball is the ball that is used to play the sport of Baseball and is easily recognizable by its signature red stitching. A Baseball has a sphere form and has a rubber or cork center wrapped in yarn. The Baseball’s core is covered by 2 white leather peanut shaped pieces that are stitched together by red thread. The stitching is an important element that influences the drag of the Baseball. A Baseball is small enough to be comfortably gripped with one hand. The different types of Baseballs are the hard Baseball, the rubber Baseball, and the soft Baseball. The appearance of the Baseball is regulated by Major League Baseball.

Baseballs have a diameter between 2.86”-2.94” (7.3-7.5 cm) and circumference from 9”-9.25” (22.9-23.5 cm). The mass of a Baseball is between 5-5.25 oz (142-149 g).

Measured illustration of a Baseball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
A Baseball is the ball that is used to play the sport of Baseball and is easily recognizable by its signature red stitching. A Baseball has a sphere form and has a rubber or cork center wrapped in yarn. The Baseball’s core is covered by 2 leather peanut shaped pieces that are stitched together.

Baseballs have a diameter between 2.86”-2.94” (7.3-7.5 cm) and circumference from 9”-9.25” (22.9-23.5 cm). The mass of a Baseball is between 5-5.25 oz (142-149 g).

Measured illustration of a Baseball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
Baseball
Height:
2.86”-2.94” | 7.3-7.5 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
5-5.25 oz | 142-149 g
Area:

Circumference: 9”-9.25” | 22.9-23.5 cm

Materials: Cowhide cover; rubber-coated cork inner core; three layers of wool yarn; red cotton stitching
Surface: 108 raised stitches

Drawings include:
Baseball Elevations (various)

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Baseball Bases

Baseball Bases are the 4 bases that a Baseball player must touch to score a run in a Baseball game. After a Baseball player strikes the ball, he must run towards the First Base. Each Baseball Base is made of a white rubber material and has a diamond shape. The Baseball Bases are placed at each corner of the Baseball infield square. Their exact placement is determined by where the Baseball Home Plate and are counted counterclockwise as First Base, Second Base, Third Base, and the Fourth Base becoming the Baseball Home Plate. All Baseball Bases should be placed at level with one another.

Baseball Bases have a width and length of 15" (38.1 cm) with a height between 3”-5” (7.62-12.7 cm). The distance between baseball bases is 90’ (27.43 m) for a total base path distance of 360’ (109.7 m) with an infield area between bases of 8100 ft² (752.5 m²).

Measured side and plan illustrations of a Baseball Bases dimensioned with overall width, height and length
Baseball Bases are the 4 bases that a Baseball player must touch to score a run in a Baseball game. After a Baseball player strikes the ball, he must run towards the First Base. Each Baseball Base is made of a white rubber material and has a diamond shape.

Baseball Bases have a width and length of 15" (38.1 cm) with a height between 3”-5” (7.62-12.7 cm). The distance between baseball bases is 90’ (27.43 m) for a total base path distance of 360’ (109.7 m) with an infield area between bases of 8100 ft² (752.5 m²).

Measured side and plan illustrations of a Baseball Bases dimensioned with overall width, height and length
Baseball Bases
Height:
3”-5” | 7.62-12.7 cm
Width:
15" | 38.1 cm
Length:
15" | 38.1 cm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
8100 ft² | 752.5 m² (Base Path)

Distance Between Bases: 90’ | 27.43 m

Total Base Path: 360’ | 109.7 m

Materials: White canvas or rubber

Drawings include:
Baseball Bases front elevation, top (infield)

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Professional Baseball Field (MLB)
Drawing of the major dimensions of a Professional (Major League) Baseball Field

Professional Major League Baseball Fields, also called ballparks and baseball diamonds, are regulated fields for the sport of baseball. Although minimum park dimensions are defined for Major League Baseball, each ballpark is allowed to design their fence any way they want while meeting the minimum distances.

In Major League Baseball, the centerfield fence must be at least 400’ (121.9 m) from the apex of home plate, while the left and right field fences have a minimum of 325’ (99 m). The bases on a Major League Baseball Field are spaced 90’ (27.4 m) apart measured from the apex of home plate to the farthest corner of 1st and 3rd bases, and from the same farthest corner of 1st and 3rd to the center of 2nd base. The pitching distance from the front of the pitching rubber to the apex of home plate is set at 60’ 6” (18.44 m).

Professional Major League Baseball Fields, also called ballparks and baseball diamonds, are regulated fields for the sport of baseball. Although minimum park dimensions are defined for Major League Baseball, each ballpark is allowed to design their fence any way they want while meeting the minimums.

In Major League Baseball, the centerfield fence must be at least 400’ (121.9 m) from the apex of home plate, while the left and right field fences have a minimum of 325’ (99 m). The bases on a Major League Baseball Field are spaced 90’ (27.4 m) apart measured from the apex of home plate to the farthest corner of 1st and 3rd bases, and from the same farthest corner of 1st and 3rd to the center of 2nd base. The pitching distance from the front of the pitching rubber to the apex of home plate is set at 60’ 6” (18.44 m).

Professional Baseball Field (MLB)
Height:
Width:
Length:
400’ | 121.9 m (Center Fence)
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
110,725 ft² | 10,287 m²

Centerfield Fence: 400’ | 121.9 m (min.)
Left & Right Field Fence: 320’-350’ | 97.5-106.7 m (min.)
Base Distance: 90’ | 27.4 m
Infield Arc Radius (from pitching rubber): 95’ | 28.9 m
Infield Hypotenuse: 127' 3-3/8” | 38.8 m
Pitching Rubber Distance: 60’ 6” | 18.44 m
Mound Distance (Center): 59’ | 18 m
Mound Radius: 9’ | 2.7 m
Home Plate Radius: 13’ | 3.96 m
Base Cutout Radius: 13’ | 3.96 m
Baseline Width: 6’ | 1.8 m
Distance to Backstop: 60’ | 18.3 m
Coaches Box: 20’ x 10’ | 6.1 x 3 m

Drawings include:
Major League Baseball Field (Professional) plan

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Baseball Pitcher’s Mound
Dimensioned side elevation illustration of a Baseball Pitcher’s Mound with a baseball pitcher

The Baseball Pitcher’s Mound, also referred to as the hill, is the raised pitching area that is placed at the center of the infield. It is where the Baseball Pitcher pitches the ball towards the batter. The pitcher stands at its center on the pitcher’s rubber. The Baseball Pitcher’s Mound sits higher than any other Baseball base and is circular in shape. The pitcher’s rubber is white and made of rubber. The Baseball Pitcher’s Mound should be maintained in good condition as the pitcher depends on it. The standards of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound are regulated by Major League Baseball.

Baseball Pitcher’s Mounds have an overall diameter of 18’ (5.49 m) for an overall area of 254 ft² (23.6 m²). The rubber of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound is 24” x 6” (60.96 x 15.24 cm) with a distance to home plate of 60.5’ (18.44 m). The level table area at the top of the Baseball Pitcher's Mound is 60” x 34” (1.52 x .86 m).

Dimensioned elevation drawings of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound measured with diameter, rubber size, and distance
The Baseball Pitcher’s Mound, also referred to as the hill, is the raised pitching area that is placed at the center of the infield. It is where the Baseball Pitcher pitches the ball towards the batter. The pitcher stands at its center on the pitcher’s rubber.

Baseball Pitcher’s Mounds have an overall diameter of 18’ (5.49 m) for an overall area of 254 ft² (23.6 m²). The rubber of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound is 24” x 6” (60.96 x 15.24 cm) with a distance to home plate of 60.5’ (18.44 m). The level table area at the top of the Baseball Pitcher's Mound is 60” x 34” (1.52 x .86 m).

Dimensioned elevation drawings of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound measured with diameter, rubber size, and distance
Baseball Pitcher’s Mound
Height:
10” | 25.4 cm
Width:
18’ | 5.49 m (Diameter)
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
254 ft² | 23.6 m²

Rubber Size: 24” x 6” | 60.96 x 15.24 cm
Level Table Area: 60” x 34” | 1.52 x .86 m

Distance to Rear of Home Plate: 60.5’ | 18.44 m
Materials: White rubber

Drawings include:
Baseball Pitcher’s Mound plan, side elevation (pitcher)

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Baseball Home Plate

The Baseball Home Plate is the final base that a Baseball player must touch in order to score a run. The Baseball Home Plate is different to the other Baseball Bases as it has 5 sides instead of 4. The purpose of the Baseball Home Plate is different to the other Baseball Bases as it is essential to determine the strike zone. The Baseball Home Plate is made of white rubber and is placed in ‘fair’ territory with its placement being aligned between the right and left field foul lines. The Baseball Home Plate was developed by Robert Keating and was implemented in the 1900-1901 season.

Baseball Home Plates have an overall width and length of 17” (43.18 cm). The pointed rear of home plate has angled edges that measure 12” (30.48 cm
) with the short adjacent edges at 8.5” (21.59 cm). Home plate has a height of 1” (2.54 cm).

Dimensioned plan and elevations drawings of a Baseball Home Plate with measurements for each side
The Baseball Home Plate is the final base that a Baseball player must touch in order to score a run. The Baseball Home Plate is different to the other Baseball Bases as it has 5 sides instead of 4. The purpose of the Baseball Home Plate is different to the other Bases as it is also the strike zone.

Baseball Home Plates have an overall width and length of 17” (43.18 cm). The pointed rear of home plate has angled edges that measure 12” (30.48 cm
) with the short adjacent edges at 8.5” (21.59 cm). Home plate has a height of 1” (2.54 cm).

Dimensioned plan and elevations drawings of a Baseball Home Plate with measurements for each side
Baseball Home Plate
Height:
1” | 2.54 cm
Width:
17” | 43.18 cm
Length:
17” | 43.18 cm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Short Edges: 8.5” | 21.59 cm

Angled Edges: 12” | 30.48 cm

Bevel: .75”-1” | 19-25.4 mm

Materials: Whitened rubber

Drawings include:
Baseball Home Plate front elevation, top

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