Baseball is a competitive sport where two opposing teams take turns batting and fielding a ball with the goal to score the most runs by the end of the game. The game is played when the pitcher from the fielding (defensive) team throws the baseball to a player on the batting (offensive) team who attempts to hit it with a bat. Runs (points) are scored when players on the batting team successfully hit the baseball into play and run counter-clockwise around the bases until they score by reaching home plate.

It is the goal of the defensive team to keep the offensive team from running the bases by striking them out at bat, by catching the ball when it is hit into play, or by fielding and tagging a base with the ball before the runner arrives. Each team takes turns batting and fielding every three outs. The game ends after each team has played the decided amount of innings (usually nine). In North America, professional baseball is organized by Major League Baseball (MLB).

When was baseball invented?

The modern game of baseball was established by the Knickerbocker Baseball Club in New York City in 1845 though variants of similar games have existed since the 18th century in the form of cricket and rounders.

Where is baseball primarily played?

Often called America’s pastime, baseball is also well established in Canada, Latin America, the Netherlands, Australia, and Japan.

How far was the longest home run in history?

The longest home run ever is estimated to be 643’ | 196 m and was hit by Mickey Mantle in 1960.

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2.86”-2.94” | 7.3-7.5 cm (Diameter)
5-5.25 oz | 142-149 g
Baseball
7.500
0.149
3600
https://p3d.in/e/YLyi6
3D
BaseballPerspective view of a 3D model of a BaseballPerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball
3”-5” | 7.62-12.7 cm
15" | 38.1 cm
15" | 38.1 cm
8100 ft² | 752.5 m² (Base Path)
Baseball Bases
12.700
38.100
38.100
752.50
200
https://p3d.in/e/aZ7HC
3D
Baseball BasesView of a Baseball Bases in 3D available for downloadView of a Baseball Bases in 3D available for download
2.61” | 67 mm (Max Diameter)
34” | 86.4 cm (Typical)
2.06-2.25 lb | .935-1.02 kg
Baseball Bat
6.700
86.400
1.020
50000
https://p3d.in/e/5YVOp
3D
Baseball BatView of a Baseball Bat - Professional in 3D available for downloadView of a Baseball Bat - Professional in 3D available for download
400’ | 121.9 m (Center Fence)
110,725 ft² | 10,287 m²
Baseball Field - Professional
12190.000
10287.00
15180
https://p3d.in/e/XH9cf
3D
Baseball Field - ProfessionalPerspective view of a 3D model of a Major League Baseball Field (Professional)Perspective view of a 3D model of a Major League Baseball Field (Professional)
1” | 2.54 cm
17” | 43.18 cm
17” | 43.18 cm
Baseball Home Plate
2.540
43.180
43.180
8700
https://p3d.in/e/vG1ML
3D
Baseball Home PlatePerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball Home PlatePerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball Home Plate
10” | 25.4 cm
18’ | 5.49 m (Diameter)
254 ft² | 23.6 m²
Baseball Pitcher’s Mound
25.400
549.000
23.60
290
https://p3d.in/e/n0TcV
3D
Baseball Pitcher’s MoundPerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball Pitcher’s MoundPerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball Pitcher’s Mound
200’ | 60.96 m (Fence)
31,485 ft² | 2925 m²
Little League Baseball Field
6096.000
2925.00
1050
https://p3d.in/e/zfRCl
3D
Little League Baseball Field3D model of a Little League Baseball Field viewed in perspective3D model of a Little League Baseball Field viewed in perspective
3.82” | 9.7 cm (Diameter)
6.25-7 oz | 177-198 g
Softball
9.700
0.198
500
https://p3d.in/e/rT6i7
3D
Softball3D model of a Softball viewed in perspective3D model of a Softball viewed in perspective
3”-5” | 7.62-12.7 cm
15" | 38.1 cm
15" | 38.1 cm
3600 ft² | 334.5 m² (Base Path)
Softball Bases
12.700
38.100
38.100
334.00
350
https://p3d.in/e/QcYa3
3D
Softball Bases3D model of a Softball Bases viewed in perspective3D model of a Softball Bases viewed in perspective
250’ | 76.2 m (Fence)
49,215 ft² | 4572 m²
Softball Field
7620.000
4572.00
2300
https://p3d.in/e/U44fr
3D
Softball FieldView of a Softball Field in 3D available for downloadView of a Softball Field in 3D available for download
16’ | 4.88 m (Diameter)
201 ft² | 18.67 m²
Softball Pitcher’s Circle
488.000
18.67
150
https://p3d.in/e/1cFSA
3D
Softball Pitcher’s Circle3D model of a Softball Pitcher’s Circle viewed in perspective3D model of a Softball Pitcher’s Circle viewed in perspective
Softball
Size comparison diagram of the Softball compared to other similar sports balls

A Softball is the official ball used to play the sport of Softball and is distinguished by its traditional yellow color. Although its name suggest it is a soft ball, it has a core made of fiber kapok, a blend of cork and rubber, or polyurethane. Softballs are typically available in different sizes in accordance with different age groups. The Softball is sometimes covered in white or yellow leather and is sewn together with red thread. Yellow has become the official color of the NCAA and NAIA softballs as it provides higher visibility. The standards of a Softball are set by the International Softball Federation.

Softballs have a diameter of 3.82” (9.7 cm) and circumference of 12” (30.5 cm). The mass of a Softball is between 6.25-7 oz (177-198 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Softball measured with diameter and circumference
A Softball is the official ball used to play the sport of Softball and is distinguished by its traditional yellow color. Although its name suggest it is a soft ball, it has a core made of fiber kapok, a blend of cork and rubber, or polyurethane. Softballs are available in different sizes.

Softballs have a diameter of 3.82” (9.7 cm) and circumference of 12” (30.5 cm). The mass of a Softball is between 6.25-7 oz (177-198 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Softball measured with diameter and circumference
Softball
Height:
3.82” | 9.7 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
6.25-7 oz | 177-198 g
Area:

Circumference: 12” | 30.5 cm

Materials: Synthetic, composite or natural leather cover; long fiber kapok or polyurethane core
Surface: 96 raised stitches

Drawings include:
Softball Elevations (various)

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Softball Field
Measured drawing of the sizes and dimensions of a standard Softball Field

Softball Fields are regulated playing fields for the sport of softball. A variant of baseball, softball is played with a larger ball and a faster pace due to the shorter distances on the field. Softball is played with two primary variants: fast-pitch and slow-pitch.

In softball, the centerfield, right, and left fences must be 250’ (76.2 m) from the apex of home plate. The bases on a Softball Field are spaced 60’ (18.3 m) apart measured from the apex of home plate to the farthest corner of 1st and 3rd bases, and from the same farthest corner of 1st and 3rd to the center of 2nd base. The pitching distance from the front of the pitching rubber to the apex of home plate is set at 43’ (13.1 m).

Softball Fields are regulated playing fields for the sport of softball. A variant of baseball, softball is played with a larger ball and a faster pace due to the shorter distances on the field. Softball is played with two primary variants: fast-pitch and slow-pitch.

In softball, the centerfield, right, and left fences must be 250’ (76.2 m) from the apex of home plate. The bases on a Softball Field are spaced 60’ (18.3 m) apart measured from the apex of home plate to the farthest corner of 1st and 3rd bases, and from the same farthest corner of 1st and 3rd to the center of 2nd base. The pitching distance from the front of the pitching rubber to the apex of home plate is set at 43’ (13.1 m).

Softball Field
Height:
Width:
Length:
250’ | 76.2 m (Fence)
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
49,215 ft² | 4572 m²

Base Distance: 60’ | 18.3 m
Infield Hypotenuse: 84’ 10-1/4” | 25.9 m
Pitching Rubber Distance: 50’ | 15.2 m
Distance to Backstop: 25’ | 7.6 m
Coaches Box: 10’ x 3’ | 3 x .9 m

Drawings include:
Softball Field plan

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Baseball
Group of scaled illustrations of various sporting balls compared to the Baseball

A Baseball is the ball that is used to play the sport of Baseball and is easily recognizable by its signature red stitching. A Baseball has a sphere form and has a rubber or cork center wrapped in yarn. The Baseball’s core is covered by 2 white leather peanut shaped pieces that are stitched together by red thread. The stitching is an important element that influences the drag of the Baseball. A Baseball is small enough to be comfortably gripped with one hand. The different types of Baseballs are the hard Baseball, the rubber Baseball, and the soft Baseball. The appearance of the Baseball is regulated by Major League Baseball.

Baseballs have a diameter between 2.86”-2.94” (7.3-7.5 cm) and circumference from 9”-9.25” (22.9-23.5 cm). The mass of a Baseball is between 5-5.25 oz (142-149 g).

Measured illustration of a Baseball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
A Baseball is the ball that is used to play the sport of Baseball and is easily recognizable by its signature red stitching. A Baseball has a sphere form and has a rubber or cork center wrapped in yarn. The Baseball’s core is covered by 2 leather peanut shaped pieces that are stitched together.

Baseballs have a diameter between 2.86”-2.94” (7.3-7.5 cm) and circumference from 9”-9.25” (22.9-23.5 cm). The mass of a Baseball is between 5-5.25 oz (142-149 g).

Measured illustration of a Baseball dimensioned with overall diameter and circumference
Baseball
Height:
2.86”-2.94” | 7.3-7.5 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
5-5.25 oz | 142-149 g
Area:

Circumference: 9”-9.25” | 22.9-23.5 cm

Materials: Cowhide cover; rubber-coated cork inner core; three layers of wool yarn; red cotton stitching
Surface: 108 raised stitches

Drawings include:
Baseball Elevations (various)

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Softball Pitcher’s Circle
Dimensioned side elevation illustration of a Softball Pitcher’s Circle with a softball pitcher

The Softball Pitcher’s Circle is the location of the Softball Field where the Softball Pitcher stands to pitch the ball to the batter. The Softball Pitcher’s Mound is placed at the middle of the infield and although its name suggests it is a mound, it is physically a flat circle. It is sometimes referred to as the pitching circle. The Softball Pitcher’s Mound is drawn from chalk on the ground and has 2 straight lines that come out from the pitching rubber to create the pitching lane. A Softball Pitcher’s Mound is used throughout the game to determine when a play has ended.

Softball Pitcher’s Circles have a diameter of 16’ (4.88 m) for an overall area of 201 ft² (18.67 m²). The rubber of the Softball Pitcher’s Circle is the same size as the baseball rubber with a size of 24” x 6” (60.96 x 15.24 cm). The distance to home plate in softball is 43’ (13.1 m).

Dimensioned elevation drawings of a Softball Pitcher’s Circle measured with diameter and various properties
The Softball Pitcher’s Circle is the location of the Softball Field where the Softball Pitcher stands to pitch the ball to the batter. The Softball Pitcher’s Mound is placed at the middle of the infield and although its name suggests it is a mound, it is physically a flat circle.

Softball Pitcher’s Circles have a diameter of 16’ (4.88 m) for an overall area of 201 ft² (18.67 m²). The rubber of the Softball Pitcher’s Circle is the same size as the baseball rubber with a size of 24” x 6” (60.96 x 15.24 cm). The distance to home plate in softball is 43’ (13.1 m).

Dimensioned elevation drawings of a Softball Pitcher’s Circle measured with diameter and various properties
Softball Pitcher’s Circle
Height:
Width:
16’ | 4.88 m (Diameter)
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
201 ft² | 18.67 m²

Rubber Size: 24” x 6” | 60.96 x 15.24 cm

Chalk Lines: 2” | 5 cm

Pitcher’s Lane: 3.33’ x 8’ | 1.02 x 2.44 m

Distance to Rear of Home Plate: 43’ | 13.1 m (College)

Materials: White rubber

Drawings include:
Softball Pitcher’s Circle plan, side elevation (pitcher)

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Baseball Home Plate

The Baseball Home Plate is the final base that a Baseball player must touch in order to score a run. The Baseball Home Plate is different to the other Baseball Bases as it has 5 sides instead of 4. The purpose of the Baseball Home Plate is different to the other Baseball Bases as it is essential to determine the strike zone. The Baseball Home Plate is made of white rubber and is placed in ‘fair’ territory with its placement being aligned between the right and left field foul lines. The Baseball Home Plate was developed by Robert Keating and was implemented in the 1900-1901 season.

Baseball Home Plates have an overall width and length of 17” (43.18 cm). The pointed rear of home plate has angled edges that measure 12” (30.48 cm
) with the short adjacent edges at 8.5” (21.59 cm). Home plate has a height of 1” (2.54 cm).

Dimensioned plan and elevations drawings of a Baseball Home Plate with measurements for each side
The Baseball Home Plate is the final base that a Baseball player must touch in order to score a run. The Baseball Home Plate is different to the other Baseball Bases as it has 5 sides instead of 4. The purpose of the Baseball Home Plate is different to the other Bases as it is also the strike zone.

Baseball Home Plates have an overall width and length of 17” (43.18 cm). The pointed rear of home plate has angled edges that measure 12” (30.48 cm
) with the short adjacent edges at 8.5” (21.59 cm). Home plate has a height of 1” (2.54 cm).

Dimensioned plan and elevations drawings of a Baseball Home Plate with measurements for each side
Baseball Home Plate
Height:
1” | 2.54 cm
Width:
17” | 43.18 cm
Length:
17” | 43.18 cm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Short Edges: 8.5” | 21.59 cm

Angled Edges: 12” | 30.48 cm

Bevel: .75”-1” | 19-25.4 mm

Materials: Whitened rubber

Drawings include:
Baseball Home Plate front elevation, top

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