Baseball is a competitive sport where two opposing teams take turns batting and fielding a ball with the goal to score the most runs by the end of the game. The game is played when the pitcher from the fielding (defensive) team throws the baseball to a player on the batting (offensive) team who attempts to hit it with a bat. Runs (points) are scored when players on the batting team successfully hit the baseball into play and run counter-clockwise around the bases until they score by reaching home plate.

It is the goal of the defensive team to keep the offensive team from running the bases by striking them out at bat, by catching the ball when it is hit into play, or by fielding and tagging a base with the ball before the runner arrives. Each team takes turns batting and fielding every three outs. The game ends after each team has played the decided amount of innings (usually nine). In North America, professional baseball is organized by Major League Baseball (MLB).

When was baseball invented?

The modern game of baseball was established by the Knickerbocker Baseball Club in New York City in 1845 though variants of similar games have existed since the 18th century in the form of cricket and rounders.

Where is baseball primarily played?

Often called America’s pastime, baseball is also well established in Canada, Latin America, the Netherlands, Australia, and Japan.

How far was the longest home run in history?

The longest home run ever is estimated to be 643’ | 196 m and was hit by Mickey Mantle in 1960.

Baseball Guides
Browse through our curated Baseball Guides for additional categorizations, tips, details, variations, styles, and histories of Baseball. Guides provide additional insights into the unique properties and shared relationships between elements.
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2.86”-2.94” | 7.3-7.5 cm (Diameter)
5-5.25 oz | 142-149 g
Baseball
7.500
0.149
3600
https://p3d.in/e/YLyi6
3D
BaseballPerspective view of a 3D model of a BaseballPerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball
3”-5” | 7.62-12.7 cm
15" | 38.1 cm
15" | 38.1 cm
8100 ft² | 752.5 m² (Base Path)
Baseball Bases
12.700
38.100
38.100
752.50
200
https://p3d.in/e/aZ7HC
3D
Baseball BasesView of a Baseball Bases in 3D available for downloadView of a Baseball Bases in 3D available for download
2.61” | 67 mm (Max Diameter)
34” | 86.4 cm (Typical)
2.06-2.25 lb | .935-1.02 kg
Baseball Bat
6.700
86.400
1.020
50000
https://p3d.in/e/5YVOp
3D
Baseball BatView of a Baseball Bat - Professional in 3D available for downloadView of a Baseball Bat - Professional in 3D available for download
400’ | 121.9 m (Center Fence)
110,725 ft² | 10,287 m²
Baseball Field - Professional
12190.000
10287.00
15180
https://p3d.in/e/XH9cf
3D
Baseball Field - ProfessionalPerspective view of a 3D model of a Major League Baseball Field (Professional)Perspective view of a 3D model of a Major League Baseball Field (Professional)
1” | 2.54 cm
17” | 43.18 cm
17” | 43.18 cm
Baseball Home Plate
2.540
43.180
43.180
8700
https://p3d.in/e/vG1ML
3D
Baseball Home PlatePerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball Home PlatePerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball Home Plate
10” | 25.4 cm
18’ | 5.49 m (Diameter)
254 ft² | 23.6 m²
Baseball Pitcher’s Mound
25.400
549.000
23.60
290
https://p3d.in/e/n0TcV
3D
Baseball Pitcher’s MoundPerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball Pitcher’s MoundPerspective view of a 3D model of a Baseball Pitcher’s Mound
200’ | 60.96 m (Fence)
31,485 ft² | 2925 m²
Little League Baseball Field
6096.000
2925.00
1050
https://p3d.in/e/zfRCl
3D
Little League Baseball Field3D model of a Little League Baseball Field viewed in perspective3D model of a Little League Baseball Field viewed in perspective
3.82” | 9.7 cm (Diameter)
6.25-7 oz | 177-198 g
Softball
9.700
0.198
500
https://p3d.in/e/rT6i7
3D
Softball3D model of a Softball viewed in perspective3D model of a Softball viewed in perspective
3”-5” | 7.62-12.7 cm
15" | 38.1 cm
15" | 38.1 cm
3600 ft² | 334.5 m² (Base Path)
Softball Bases
12.700
38.100
38.100
334.00
350
https://p3d.in/e/QcYa3
3D
Softball Bases3D model of a Softball Bases viewed in perspective3D model of a Softball Bases viewed in perspective
250’ | 76.2 m (Fence)
49,215 ft² | 4572 m²
Softball Field
7620.000
4572.00
2300
https://p3d.in/e/U44fr
3D
Softball FieldView of a Softball Field in 3D available for downloadView of a Softball Field in 3D available for download
16’ | 4.88 m (Diameter)
201 ft² | 18.67 m²
Softball Pitcher’s Circle
488.000
18.67
150
https://p3d.in/e/1cFSA
3D
Softball Pitcher’s Circle3D model of a Softball Pitcher’s Circle viewed in perspective3D model of a Softball Pitcher’s Circle viewed in perspective
Baseball Strike Zone
Diagram drawing of the boundaries of a Baseball Strike Zone with player, umpire, and catcher

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’ Official strike zones are calculated as the space between the width of home-plate, 17” | 43.18 cm, up to the midpoint between a batter’s shoulders and uniform pants when in their stance, and extending down to just below their kneecaps. The home-plate umpire determines balls and strikes after every pitch thrown.

The strike zone in baseball refers to the volume of space which a ball must pass through to be called a ‘strike’ (if the batter doesn’t swing). If the baseball does not pass through this zone it will be called a ‘ball.’

Baseball Strike Zone
Height:
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:

Width: 17” | 43.18 cm

Top: Midpoint between top of shoulders and top of pants
Bottom: A point just below the kneecap

Area for 6.5’ player: 3.75 ft2
Area for 6’ player: 3.5 ft2
Area for 5.5’ player: 3.25 ft2

Drawings include:
Baseball Strike Zone front elevation (player)

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Softball Bases

Softball Bases are the 4 bases that a Softball player must touch to score a run in a game. All Softball Bases, except for the Home Plate and First Base, are of the same size and shaped like a diamond. The First Base is known as a double base and was designed to minimize player collisions. Half of the First Base is white and the other half is green or orange. The fourth base, known as the Softball Home Plate has 5 sides. All Softball Bases are made of a canvas material and are placed at each corner of the Softball infield square.

Softball Bases have a width and length of 15" (38.1 cm) with a height between 3”-5” (7.62-12.7 cm). For safety, the first base in softball is double the size of other bases with an overall width of 30” (76.2 cm). The distance between softball bases is 60’ (18.29 m
) for a total base path distance of 240’ (73.15 m) with an infield area between bases of 3600 ft² (334.5 m²).

Elevation and plan drawings of the different Softball Bases showing dimensioned analysis of their length, width and height
Softball Bases are the 4 bases that a Softball player must touch to score a run in a game. All Softball Bases, except for the Home Plate and First Base, are of the same size and shaped like a diamond. The First Base is known as a double base and was designed to minimize player collisions.

Softball Bases have a width and length of 15" (38.1 cm) with a height between 3”-5” (7.62-12.7 cm). For safety, the first base in softball is double the size of other bases with an overall width of 30” (76.2 cm). The distance between softball bases is 60’ (18.29 m
) for a total base path distance of 240’ (73.15 m) with an infield area between bases of 3600 ft² (334.5 m²).

Elevation and plan drawings of the different Softball Bases showing dimensioned analysis of their length, width and height
Softball Bases
Height:
3”-5” | 7.62-12.7 cm
Width:
15" | 38.1 cm
Length:
15" | 38.1 cm
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
3600 ft² | 334.5 m² (Base Path)

First Base: 30” x 15” | 76.2 x 38.1 cm (Double)

Distance Between Bases: 60’ | 18.29 m

Total Base Path: 240’ | 73.15 m
Materials: White canvas or rubber

Drawings include:
Softball Bases front elevation, top (infield)

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Baseball Bat - Professional
Size comparison diagram of a Professional Baseball Bat compared to other similar sports equipment

A Baseball Bat refers to a metal or smooth wooden club used for hitting a ball in a baseball game. Previous baseball bats took any form, but today the rules require a bat to have a uniform design. The baseball bat has many regions, with the thick part being called the barrel and used for hitting the ball. The barrel has a sweet spot regarded as the best part for hitting the ball. Opposite the cap or end of the barrel is the handle where the batter grips the bat. The knob is below the handle to prevent the bat from slipping off the batter's hands.

Baseball Bats (Professional) have a typical length of 34” (86.4 cm) and maximum diameter of 2.61” (67 mm). The weight of a Professional Baseball Bat is between 2.06-2.25 lb (.935-1.02 kg).

Measured illustration of a Professional Baseball Bat dimensioned with overall length and diameter
A Baseball Bat refers to a metal or smooth wooden club used for hitting a ball in a baseball game. Previous baseball bats took any form, but today the rules require a bat to have a uniform design. The baseball bat has many regions, with the thick part being called the barrel and used for hitting.

Baseball Bats (Professional) have a typical length of 34” (86.4 cm) and maximum diameter of 2.61” (67 mm). The weight of a Professional Baseball Bat is between 2.06-2.25 lb (.935-1.02 kg).

Measured illustration of a Professional Baseball Bat dimensioned with overall length and diameter
Baseball Bat - Professional
Height:
Width:
2.61” | 67 mm (Max Diameter)
Length:
34” | 86.4 cm (Typical)
Depth:
Weight:
2.06-2.25 lb | .935-1.02 kg
Area:

Handle Length: 10.5”-11.5” | 26.7-29.2 cm
Materials: Solid Wood; grip tape

Drawings include:
Baseball Bat (Professional) side elevations, top

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Softball
Size comparison diagram of the Softball compared to other similar sports balls

A Softball is the official ball used to play the sport of Softball and is distinguished by its traditional yellow color. Although its name suggest it is a soft ball, it has a core made of fiber kapok, a blend of cork and rubber, or polyurethane. Softballs are typically available in different sizes in accordance with different age groups. The Softball is sometimes covered in white or yellow leather and is sewn together with red thread. Yellow has become the official color of the NCAA and NAIA softballs as it provides higher visibility. The standards of a Softball are set by the International Softball Federation.

Softballs have a diameter of 3.82” (9.7 cm) and circumference of 12” (30.5 cm). The mass of a Softball is between 6.25-7 oz (177-198 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Softball measured with diameter and circumference
A Softball is the official ball used to play the sport of Softball and is distinguished by its traditional yellow color. Although its name suggest it is a soft ball, it has a core made of fiber kapok, a blend of cork and rubber, or polyurethane. Softballs are available in different sizes.

Softballs have a diameter of 3.82” (9.7 cm) and circumference of 12” (30.5 cm). The mass of a Softball is between 6.25-7 oz (177-198 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Softball measured with diameter and circumference
Softball
Height:
3.82” | 9.7 cm (Diameter)
Width:
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
6.25-7 oz | 177-198 g
Area:

Circumference: 12” | 30.5 cm

Materials: Synthetic, composite or natural leather cover; long fiber kapok or polyurethane core
Surface: 96 raised stitches

Drawings include:
Softball Elevations (various)

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Baseball Pitcher’s Mound
Dimensioned side elevation illustration of a Baseball Pitcher’s Mound with a baseball pitcher

The Baseball Pitcher’s Mound, also referred to as the hill, is the raised pitching area that is placed at the center of the infield. It is where the Baseball Pitcher pitches the ball towards the batter. The pitcher stands at its center on the pitcher’s rubber. The Baseball Pitcher’s Mound sits higher than any other Baseball base and is circular in shape. The pitcher’s rubber is white and made of rubber. The Baseball Pitcher’s Mound should be maintained in good condition as the pitcher depends on it. The standards of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound are regulated by Major League Baseball.

Baseball Pitcher’s Mounds have an overall diameter of 18’ (5.49 m) for an overall area of 254 ft² (23.6 m²). The rubber of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound is 24” x 6” (60.96 x 15.24 cm) with a distance to home plate of 60.5’ (18.44 m). The level table area at the top of the Baseball Pitcher's Mound is 60” x 34” (1.52 x .86 m).

Dimensioned elevation drawings of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound measured with diameter, rubber size, and distance
The Baseball Pitcher’s Mound, also referred to as the hill, is the raised pitching area that is placed at the center of the infield. It is where the Baseball Pitcher pitches the ball towards the batter. The pitcher stands at its center on the pitcher’s rubber.

Baseball Pitcher’s Mounds have an overall diameter of 18’ (5.49 m) for an overall area of 254 ft² (23.6 m²). The rubber of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound is 24” x 6” (60.96 x 15.24 cm) with a distance to home plate of 60.5’ (18.44 m). The level table area at the top of the Baseball Pitcher's Mound is 60” x 34” (1.52 x .86 m).

Dimensioned elevation drawings of the Baseball Pitcher’s Mound measured with diameter, rubber size, and distance
Baseball Pitcher’s Mound
Height:
10” | 25.4 cm
Width:
18’ | 5.49 m (Diameter)
Length:
Depth:
Weight:
Area:
254 ft² | 23.6 m²

Rubber Size: 24” x 6” | 60.96 x 15.24 cm
Level Table Area: 60” x 34” | 1.52 x .86 m

Distance to Rear of Home Plate: 60.5’ | 18.44 m
Materials: White rubber

Drawings include:
Baseball Pitcher’s Mound plan, side elevation (pitcher)

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