Fencing is the combat sport where fencers fight with the traditional skillsets of swordsmanship. The goal of fencing is to accumulate points by touching your opponent with your sword. There are three types of fencing weapons and each type of sword has a rule set and special technique to use.
The foil is a light thrusting weapon and can only be hit within the torso but not the arms or legs, the épée is like the Foil but much heavier with a hitbox of the whole body, and the sabre is a light cutting weapon that allows a hitbox above the torso including arms and head. Equipment includes a full-body protective outfit and a mask. Fencing was the first sport in the Olympics and is still involved in the summer games.
There are three different types of fencing and they all have specific words. Foil is one sword and is a lightweight and flexible sword used for thrusting or poking. Épée is the second sword and is much like the foil, but it’s much stiffer. Sabre is the third and final sword that is meant for thrusting and cutting.
Origins of fencing are believed to date back to Spain when swordsmen were doing trails for duels and self-defense training. Modern fencing originated in Italia in the 18th century for the same reason: to development swordsmanship skills on footwork and how to handle a sword against opponents.
Points are awarded using the tip of your sword to strike your opponent. Depending on the three types of fencing, scoring is different in all three disciples. In foil you accumulate points by only striking the torso, épée is scored when hitting the entire body, and sabre allows a hitbox above the torso including arms and head.