Fencing is the combat sport where fencers fight with the traditional skillsets of swordsmanship. The goal of fencing is to accumulate points by touching your opponent with your sword. There are three types of fencing weapons and each type of sword has a rule set and special technique to use. The foil is a light thrusting weapon and can only be hit within the torso but not the arms or legs, the épée is like the fFoil but much heavier with a hitbox of the whole body, and the sabre is a light cutting weapon that allows a hitbox above the torso including arms and head. Equipment includes a full-body protective outfit and a mask. Fencing was the first sport in the Olympics and is still involved in the summer games.

What is a fencing sword called?

There are three different types of fencing and they all have specific words. Foil is one sword and is a lightweight and flexible sword used for thrusting or poking. Épée is the second sword and is much like the foil, but it’s much stiffer. Sabre is the third and final sword that is meant for thrusting and cutting.

Where did fencing originate?

Origins of fencing are believed to date back to Spain when swordsmen were doing trails for duels and self-defense training. Modern fencing originated in Italia in the 18th century for the same reason: to development swordsmanship skills on footwork and how to handle a sword against opponents.

How is fencing scored?

Points are awarded using the tip of your sword to strike your opponent. Depending on the three types of fencing, scoring is different in all three disciples. In foil you accumulate points by only striking the torso, épée is scored when hitting the entire body, and sabre allows a hitbox above the torso including arms and head.

Fencing

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Fencing Sabre
Scaled comparison drawings of the Fencing Sabre and other sports equipment

A Fencing Sabre is used by Fencing players to score with both the cutting edge and back of the blade, as opposed to only using the tip like the other Fencing weapons. The blade of the Fencing Sabre is made out of steel and is rectangular. The Fencing Sabre also has a guard that provides hand protection. Similar to the other Fencing weapons, Fencing Sabres are available in electric or non-electric types. When using a Fencing Sabre the target areas include the torso above the waist, head, and arms. The hands and any area below the waist are off-target.

Fencing Sabres have a length of 41.34” (105 cm), handguard width of 5.5” (14 cm), and handguard depth of 5.9” (15 cm). The mass of a Fencing Sabre is 17.63 oz (500 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Fencing Sabre measured with length, width and depth
A Fencing Sabre is used by Fencing players to score with both the cutting edge and back of the blade, as opposed to only using the tip like the other Fencing weapons. The blade of the Fencing Sabre is made out of steel and is rectangular. The Fencing Sabre also has a guard that provides protection.

Fencing Sabres have a length of 41.34” (105 cm), handguard width of 5.5” (14 cm), and handguard depth of 5.9” (15 cm). The mass of a Fencing Sabre is 17.63 oz (500 g).

Dimensioned elevation drawing of a Fencing Sabre measured with length, width and depth
Fencing Sabre
Height:
Width:
5.5” | 14 cm (Handguard)
Length:
41.34” | 105 cm
Depth:
5.9” | 15 cm (Handguard)
Weight:
17.63 oz | 500 g (Max)
Area:

Blade Length: 34.65” | 88 cm

Handle Length: 6.7” | 17 cm

Handguard Width: 5.5” | 14 cm

Handguard Depth: 5.9” | 15 cm
Materials: Maraging Steel

Drawings include:
Fencing Sabre Elevations (various)

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Fencing Foil
Size comparison diagram of the Fencing Foil compared to other similar fencing equipment

Fencing Foil is part of the 3 weapons used during the sport of Fencing. The Fencing Foil is made out of metal and has a rectangular blade. The blade is created to bend so it does not break or harm an opponent. The basic parts of the Fencing Foil are the pommel, grip, guard, and blade. There are 2 types of Fencing Foils: electric and non-electric. Non-electric foils are typically used during practice only. When using a Fencing Foil, the targets are the torso and the back of the opponent’s waist. The hands, feet, head, and neck are off-target. A point is scored by using the tip of the Fencing Foil.

Fencing Foils have a length of 43.31” (110 cm) and handguard diameter of 4.73” (12 cm). The mass of a Fencing Foil is 17.63 oz (500 g).

Measured illustration of a Fencing Foil dimensioned with overall length, width and depth
Fencing Foil is part of the 3 weapons used during the sport of Fencing. The Fencing Foil is made out of metal and has a rectangular blade. The blade is created to bend so it does not break or harm an opponent. The basic parts of the Fencing Foil are the pommel, grip, guard, and blade.

Fencing Foils have a length of 43.31” (110 cm) and handguard diameter of 4.73” (12 cm). The mass of a Fencing Foil is 17.63 oz (500 g).

Measured illustration of a Fencing Foil dimensioned with overall length, width and depth
Fencing Foil
Height:
Width:
4.73” | 12 cm (Handguard)
Length:
43.31” | 110 cm
Depth:
Weight:
17.63 oz | 500 g (Max)
Area:

Blade Length: 35.4” | 90 cm

Handle Length: 7.87” | 20 cm

Handguard Diameter: 4.73” | 12 cm
Materials: Maraging Steel

Drawings include:
Fencing Foil Elevations (various)

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Fencing Épée
Group of scaled illustrations of various sporting equipment compared to the Fencing Épée

A Fencing Épée is the largest and heaviest of the 3 fencing weapons used in the sport of Fencing. The Fencing Épée is similar to the Fencing Foil, but has a stiffer triangular blade and larger bell guard. A Fencing Épée is made out of metal, is available in various sizes. There are 2 types of Fencing Épées: electric and non-electric. Using a Fencing Épée requires a large amount of concentration, accuracy, and speed. When using the Fencing Épée the entire body is a target including the head and limbs. A touch is only scored by using the tip of the blade.

Fencing Épées have a length of 43.31” (110 cm) and handguard width of 5.31” (13.5 cm). The mass of a Fencing Épée is 27.34 oz (775 g).

Drawing of a Fencing Épée showing dimensioned analysis of the length, width and depth
A Fencing Épée is the largest and heaviest of the 3 fencing weapons used in the sport of Fencing. The Fencing Épée is similar to the Fencing Foil, but has a stiffer triangular blade and larger bell guard. A Fencing Épée is made out of metal, is available in various sizes.

Fencing Épées have a length of 43.31” (110 cm) and handguard width of 5.31” (13.5 cm). The mass of a Fencing Épée is 27.34 oz (775 g).

Drawing of a Fencing Épée showing dimensioned analysis of the length, width and depth
Fencing Épée
Height:
Width:
5.31” | 13.5 cm (Handguard)
Length:
43.31” | 110 cm
Depth:
Weight:
27.34 oz | 775 g (Max)
Area:

Blade Length: 35.4” | 90 cm

Handle Length: 7.87” | 20 cm

Handguard Diameter: 5.31” | 13.5 cm
Handguard Depth: 1.12”-2.17” | 3-5.5 cm
Materials: Maraging Steel

Drawings include:
Fencing Épée Elevations (various)

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